CN202521841U - Combined-combustion gasification water heater - Google Patents

Combined-combustion gasification water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202521841U
CN202521841U CN2012201979364U CN201220197936U CN202521841U CN 202521841 U CN202521841 U CN 202521841U CN 2012201979364 U CN2012201979364 U CN 2012201979364U CN 201220197936 U CN201220197936 U CN 201220197936U CN 202521841 U CN202521841 U CN 202521841U
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China
Prior art keywords
chamber
tube
combustion chamber
vaporizer
smoke
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN2012201979364U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘善华
单晓昌
邓连友
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刘善华
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Priority to CN2012201979364U priority Critical patent/CN202521841U/en
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Abstract

Provided is a combined-combustion gasification water heater. An annular air supply drum is horizontally disposed on the middle-lower portion of a vaporizing chamber along the circumferential direction. Air supply holes are disposed on the periphery of the air supply drum. A feed hopper and a dust discharge hopper are disposed on the vaporizing chamber, and the feed hopper and the dust discharge hopper penetrate through a water jacket structure. A heat energy nozzle is disposed on a sidewall of the vaporizing chamber located on the middle portion of a box body. The vaporizing chamber is communicated with a combustion chamber through the heat energy nozzle. A sidewall of the combustion chamber is connected with an air inlet penetrating through a wall of the box body. The top of the combustion chamber is communicated with an upper direction adjusting chamber through a plurality of heat radiating tubes, and the upper direction adjusting chamber is arranged on the upper portion of the box body. A smoke discharge horizontal pipe connected with a sidewall of the upper direction adjusting chamber penetrates through the box body. The water jacket structure arranged between the combustion chamber, the upper direction adjusting chamber, the heat radiating tubes and the box body is communicated with a water jacket of the vaporizing chamber. Through the utilization of the combined-combustion gasification water heater, vaporization and combustion is simultaneously completed, thermal efficiency is high, and thermal energy conversion of solid fuels is fully utilized. The combined-combustion gasification water heater has a board range of fuel application, and can not only use soot as fuels but also use biomass fuels to supply heat energy.

Description

And gasification water heater
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of thermal energy conversion device, relates in particular to the water heater that thermal power transfer is carried out in a kind of solid fuel direct combustion, gasification burning simultaneously.
Background technology
Water heater is an equipment commonly used in people's daily life; With the solid fuel is the water heater of the energy; The general direct combustion form that adopts, fuel places on the fire grate, and blower fan is air blast under fire grate; Flame heat conduction furnace wall in the burner hearth or heat exchanger tube radiations heat energy improve the temperature of water; Volume falls into grey chamber less than fixed carbon moment in fire grate gap, and fuel gas such as the carbon monoxide that fuel at high temperature generates, hydrogen, methane are carried the entering atmosphere by flue dust, not only wastes energy but also causes atmosphere pollution.In recent years, along with the develop rapidly of biomass gasification technology, people begin to research and develop solid fuel discharges whole heat energy in same device water heater, the not only energy-conservation but also environmental protection of this water heater.
The utility model content
The purpose of the utility model provides a kind of solid fuel and in same device, carries out thermal cracking, fuel gas buring, heat energy and discharge the atmospheric hot-water boiler that makes temperature of cold water rises.
For the technical scheme that realizes above-mentioned purpose the utility model following:
A kind of and gasification water heater; Its agent structure is a seal case; Casing one side is a vaporizer, and gasification locular wall and box body wall form jacket structure for water, it is characterized in that: the circumferential design levels in vaporizer middle and lower part has the air funnel of annular; The air funnel border has wind pushing hole, and wind pushing hole opening level is towards the vaporizer middle part; Air funnel links to each other with air blast through the ajutage that passes jacket structure for water; Vaporizer is designed with the feed hopper that passes jacket structure for water and goes out ash bucket, feed hopper with go out ash bucket and seal by feed hopper door and ash discharge sluice gate respectively; Vaporizer is positioned on the sidewall in the middle part of the casing and has the heat energy nozzle, and the heat energy nozzle is positioned at the top of air funnel; The heat energy nozzle stretches out vaporizer one end and links to each other with the combustion chamber of sealing; The heat energy nozzle is communicated with vaporizer with the combustion chamber; Be connected with the air inlet that passes box body wall on the sidewall of combustion chamber, the below, combustion chamber is bucket-shaped combustion chamber soleplate, and combustion chamber soleplate goes out ash bucket with the combustion chamber and links to each other; The rise of top of combustion chamber through many radiating tubes and casing top be to the chamber conducting, raises to the chamber to be case structure independently, raises to the top, chamber and seal by raising to room cover plate, is connected in the smoke-out cross tube of rise on the sidewall of chamber and passes casing; The combustion chamber, raise, have the cold water inlet pipe, have the hot water outlet pipe above the casing opposite side at casing one side-lower to the jacket structure for water for being communicated with between chamber, radiating tube and the casing with the vaporizer water jacket.
Above-mentioned a kind of and gasification water heater; It is characterized in that: raise and be designed with vertical rise to the chamber dividing plate near smoke-out cross tube one side to indoor; Rise will be raised to the chamber to the chamber dividing plate and will be divided into two independent parts, raise to the chamber to be connected to the chamber with the downward modulation of below through radiating tube with the isolated part of smoke-out cross tube, and downward modulation is independent case structure to the chamber; Its bottom be bucket-shaped downward modulation to the chamber base plate, downward modulation to the chamber base plate with reduce to go out ash bucket to the chamber and link to each other; Rise also communicates to the chamber with downward modulation through radiating tube to the part that the chamber communicates with smoke-out cross tube; The combustion chamber is designed with outstanding fin with downward modulation on the outer wall of chamber.
Above-mentioned a kind of and gasification water heater; It is characterized in that: the end of smoke-out cross tube is sealed by soil-shifting door; The top of smoke-out cross tube is connected with smoke evacuation vertical tube straight up; Induced duct one end passes smoke-out cross tube or smoke evacuation vertical tube wall places in the smoke evacuation vertical tube and opening makes progress, and the induced duct other end links to each other with air-introduced machine.
Above-mentioned a kind of and gasification water heater is characterized in that: the combustion chamber is a monoblock type case structure with downward modulation to the chamber, and the center is separated by vertical dividing plate.
Solid fuel gets into vaporizer from feed hopper; And react the generation fuel gas therein, and fuel gas gets into combustion chamber and fully burning therein from the heat energy nozzle, and required oxygen is supplied by air inlet; High-temperature gas goes upward to rise to the chamber from the radiating tube that links to each other with the combustion chamber; Come downwards to downward modulation to the chamber through radiating tube again, at the independent sector that downward modulation is turned back and communicated with smoke-out cross tube to the chamber to raising through radiating tube once more to indoor high-temperature gas, gasification is at last discharged through the smoke evacuation vertical tube.
In the whole circulation pipeline of vaporizer, combustion chamber and gas, heat is ceaselessly conducted to the water in the water jacket.
Gas is in the combustion chamber and raise to chamber, downward modulation revolution each time between the chamber, and the radiating tube of supplied gas circulation all can reduce, under the effect of air blast, air-introduced machine, along with the temperature of gas by high step-down, flow velocity is by becoming slowly.
The advantage of the utility model is following:
1, fuel drops into from the vaporizer front upper; Air blast is circumferentially sent into vaporizer inner chamber bottom through ajutage, air funnel, wind pushing hole successively with airborne oxygen; It is main fuel gas that solid fuel carries out down gasifying agent combustion-supporting that thermal chemical reaction generates with the carbon monoxide, and gasification efficiency is high.
2 and the gasification water heater do not have fire grate, the fixed carbon in solid fuel contact with oxygen gas-bearing formation layer one by one is oxidized to the gas energy, fixed carbon finally turns to dust and ashes, the fuel thermal energy utilization rate is high.
3, gasification, fuel gas buring, heat energy discharge disposable completion, and heat exchange area is big in the sealed water tank, and the solid fuel thermal power transfer is fully used.
4, volume is little, adapts to vast small-sized hot water user's needs.
5, the fuel scope of application is wide, can be that fuel can use biomass fuel supply heat energy again with the coal smoke.
6, the gaseous fuel that solid fuel is generated in body of heater in time adopts airborne oxygen to carry out combustion-supporting burning, and the thermal-flame after-flame that the tar in the combustion gas is penetrated in the nozzle also converts the radiant heat source of water into, and the gas that chimney is discharged is pollution-free.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the utility model is further specified.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment 1.
Among the figure: 1, downward modulation is to chamber ash discharge sluice gate, and 2, downward modulation goes out ash bucket to the chamber, 3, downward modulation is to the chamber base plate, 4, downward modulation is to the chamber, 5, the cold water inlet pipe, 6, radiating tube, 7, the air-introduced machine speed regulator; 8, air-introduced machine, 9, raise, 10, raise, 11, raise, 12, soil-shifting door, 13, smoke-out cross tube to the chamber dividing plate to the chamber to the chamber base plate; 14, smoke evacuation vertical tube, 15, induced duct, 16, raise, 17, the hot water outlet pipe, 18, feed hopper, 19, feed hopper door to room cover plate; 20, vaporizer, 21, the air blast speed regulator, 22, air blast, 23, the ash discharge sluice gate, 24, go out ash bucket, 25, ajutage; 26, air funnel, 27, wind pushing hole, 28, peep hole, 29, air inlet, 30, the heat energy nozzle, 31, the combustion chamber goes out ash bucket; 32, combustion chamber ash discharge sluice gate, 33, combustion chamber soleplate, 34, the combustion chamber, 35, dividing plate, 36 closed water tanks, 37 fins.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of and gasification water heater as shown in Figure 1; Its agent structure is a seal case; Casing one side is a vaporizer 20, and gasification locular wall and box body wall form jacket structure for water, and the circumferential design levels in vaporizer 20 middle and lower parts has the air funnel 26 of annular; Air funnel 26 borders have wind pushing hole 27, and wind pushing hole 27 opening levels are towards the vaporizer middle part; Air funnel 26 links to each other with air blast 22 through the ajutage 25 that passes jacket structure for water; Vaporizer is designed with the feed hopper 18 that passes jacket structure for water and goes out ash bucket 24, feed hopper 18 with go out ash bucket 24 respectively by feed hopper door 19 and 23 sealings of ash discharge sluice gate; Vaporizer 20 is positioned on the sidewall in the middle part of the casing and has heat energy nozzle 30, and heat energy nozzle 30 is positioned at the top of air funnel 26; The heat energy nozzle stretches out vaporizer one end and links to each other with the combustion chamber 34 of sealing; The heat energy nozzle is communicated with vaporizer 20 with combustion chamber 34; Be connected with the air inlet 29 that passes box body wall on the sidewall of combustion chamber; The below, combustion chamber is bucket-shaped combustion chamber soleplate 33, and combustion chamber soleplate 33 goes out ash bucket 31 with the combustion chamber and links to each other; The rise of 34 tops, combustion chamber through many radiating tubes 6 and casing top is to chamber 10 conductings; Rise is case structure independently to chamber 10; Rise, is connected in the smoke-out cross tube 13 of rise on 10 sidewalls of chamber and passes casing by raising to room cover plate 16 sealings to 10 tops, chamber.Rise is designed with vertical rise to chamber dividing plate 11 to indoor near smoke-out cross tube 13 1 sides; Rise will be raised to the chamber to chamber dividing plate 11 and will be divided into two independent parts; Rise is connected to chamber 4 with the downward modulation of below through radiating tube 6 with the isolated part of smoke-out cross tube to chamber 10; Combustion chamber 34 is a monoblock type case structure with downward modulation to chamber 4, and the center is separated by vertical dividing plate 35.Downward modulation to chamber bottom be bucket-shaped downward modulation to chamber base plate 3, downward modulation to chamber base plate 3 with reduce to go out ash bucket 2 to the chamber and link to each other; Rise also communicates to chamber 4 with downward modulation through radiating tube 6 to the part that chamber 10 communicates with smoke-out cross tube 13; Combustion chamber 34 is designed with outstanding fin 37 with downward modulation on the outer wall of chamber.The end of smoke-out cross tube 13 is by soil-shifting door 12 sealings; The top of smoke-out cross tube 13 is connected with smoke evacuation vertical tube 14 straight up; Induced duct 15 1 ends pass smoke-out cross tube or smoke evacuation vertical tube wall places in the smoke evacuation vertical tube 14 and opening makes progress, and induced duct 15 other ends link to each other with air-introduced machine 8.The combustion chamber, raise to chamber, downward modulation, have cold water inlet pipe 5, have hot water outlet pipe 17 above the casing opposite side at casing one side-lower to the jacket structure for water for being communicated with between chamber, radiating tube and the casing with the vaporizer water jacket.
The utility model is applicable to atmospheric hot-water boiler, for factory, school, market, institutional settings provide hot water.
And the gasification water heater adopts overall structure; Collection solid fuel direct combustion is all over the body with gasification combustion emissions heat energy, and radiation heat improves water temperature in the enforcement body, the abundant heat energy utilization rate height of solid fuel ignition; Can use speed regulator to regulate programming rate; Fire-sealing time was greater than 24 hours, and going out boiler ash sediment does not have fixed carbon, three-waste free pollution.Staggered form and to fire the power conversion water heater simple to operate easy to use is the human optimal atmospheric hot-water boiler of cyberage that gets into.
Operation principle:
The utility model adopts the principle that furnace chamber is heated, exocoel is heated; The sealing of furnace chamber vaporizer; The malleation oxygen supply impels the solid fuel ignition gasification comprehensively; Air blast malleation, air-introduced machine negative pressure make the flare, the combustion gas that spray in the heat energy nozzle evenly obtain the burning in time fully of airborne oxygen, the high-temperature air heat-conducting of combustion chamber output radiating tube, transfer to the chamber, vaporizer, radiating tube are that the water at low temperature in the body of heater provides heat.
Method for using:
When lighting a fire first, the necessary topped up with water of water tank is opened bin gate on the vaporizer again; After fuel poured into the vaporizer material level and be higher than about heat energy nozzle upper edge 200mm, spread a large amount of soft bavins and light comprehensively, fasten feed hopper door; Low frequency starts air-introduced machine and air blast, when seeing that from peep hole the heat energy nozzle is emerged flare, closes air blast and opens bin gate on the vaporizer after 5 minutes again; For vaporizer is fastened feed hopper door after filling up fuel, high-frequency starts air blast and air-introduced machine is transferred to high gear, and can't see the gas color from smoke evacuation vertical tube mouth, promptly to be regarded as operation normal; After hot water heats up and reaches requirement, close air blast and stop the air-introduced machine running after 5 minutes again.
Use first; Hot water is come out of the stove after three times;, opens by air blast the ash discharge sluice gate when shutting down again; Pour the bed material that burns incompletely first into vaporizer from feed hopper door, later based on fuel consumption is normal ash discharge when assert that air blast shuts down, and it is the outstanding feature of this equipment that normal ash discharge does not have fixed carbon.

Claims (4)

1. one kind and gasification water heater; Its agent structure is a seal case; Casing one side is vaporizer (20), and gasification locular wall and box body wall form jacket structure for water, it is characterized in that: the circumferential design levels in vaporizer (20) middle and lower part has the air funnel (26) of annular; Air funnel (26) border has wind pushing hole (27), and wind pushing hole (27) opening level is towards the vaporizer middle part; Air funnel (26) links to each other with air blast (22) through the ajutage (25) that passes jacket structure for water; Vaporizer is designed with the feed hopper (18) that passes jacket structure for water and goes out ash bucket (24), feed hopper (18) and go out ash bucket (24) respectively by the sealing of feed hopper door (19) and ash discharge sluice gate (23); Vaporizer (20) is positioned on the sidewall in the middle part of the casing and has heat energy nozzle (30), and heat energy nozzle (30) is positioned at the top of air funnel (26); The heat energy nozzle stretches out vaporizer one end and links to each other with the combustion chamber (34) of sealing; The heat energy nozzle is communicated with vaporizer (20) with combustion chamber (34); Be connected with the air inlet (29) that passes box body wall on the sidewall of combustion chamber; The below, combustion chamber is bucket-shaped combustion chamber soleplate (33), and combustion chamber soleplate (33) goes out ash bucket (31) with the combustion chamber and links to each other; The rise of top, combustion chamber (34) through many radiating tubes (6) and casing top is to chamber (10) conducting; Rise is case structure independently to chamber (10); Rise, is connected in the smoke-out cross tube (13) of rise on the sidewall of chamber (10) and passes casing by raising to room cover plate (16) sealing to top, chamber (10); The combustion chamber, raise, have cold water inlet pipe (5), have hot water outlet pipe (17) above the casing opposite side at casing one side-lower to the jacket structure for water for being communicated with between chamber, radiating tube and the casing with the vaporizer water jacket.
2. a kind of and gasification water heater according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: raise and be designed with vertical rise to chamber dividing plate (11) near smoke-out cross tube (13) one sides to indoor; Rise will be raised to the chamber to chamber dividing plate (11) and will be divided into two independent parts; Rise is connected to chamber (4) with the downward modulation of below through radiating tube (6) with the isolated part of smoke-out cross tube to chamber (10); Downward modulation is independent case structure to chamber (4), its bottom be bucket-shaped downward modulation to chamber base plate (3), downward modulation to chamber base plate (3) with reduce to go out ash bucket (2) to the chamber and link to each other; Rise also communicates to chamber (4) with downward modulation through radiating tube (6) to the part that chamber (10) communicate with smoke-out cross tube (13); Combustion chamber (34) is designed with outstanding fin (37) with downward modulation on the outer wall of chamber.
3. a kind of and gasification water heater according to claim 2; It is characterized in that: the end of smoke-out cross tube (13) is sealed by soil-shifting door (12); The top of smoke-out cross tube (13) is connected with smoke evacuation vertical tube (14) straight up; Induced duct (15) one ends pass smoke-out cross tube or smoke evacuation vertical tube wall places in the smoke evacuation vertical tube (14) and opening makes progress, and induced duct (15) other end links to each other with air-introduced machine (8).
4. a kind of and gasification water heater according to claim 3 is characterized in that: combustion chamber (34) are a monoblock type case structure with downward modulation to chamber (4), and the center is separated by vertical dividing plate (35).
CN2012201979364U 2012-05-05 2012-05-05 Combined-combustion gasification water heater Withdrawn - After Issue CN202521841U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201979364U CN202521841U (en) 2012-05-05 2012-05-05 Combined-combustion gasification water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201979364U CN202521841U (en) 2012-05-05 2012-05-05 Combined-combustion gasification water heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN202521841U true CN202521841U (en) 2012-11-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102635937A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-15 刘善华 Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying
CN108061305A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-05-22 天津科创复兴科技咨询有限公司 A kind of heating boiler that clinker is crushed with lifting pressing plate

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102635937A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-15 刘善华 Water heater capable of combusting and gasifying
CN108061305A (en) * 2017-11-14 2018-05-22 天津科创复兴科技咨询有限公司 A kind of heating boiler that clinker is crushed with lifting pressing plate

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20121107

Effective date of abandoning: 20131120

RGAV Abandon patent right to avoid regrant