CN102622916A - Human body acupuncture point projection demonstration method and device - Google Patents

Human body acupuncture point projection demonstration method and device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102622916A
CN102622916A CN2012100617765A CN201210061776A CN102622916A CN 102622916 A CN102622916 A CN 102622916A CN 2012100617765 A CN2012100617765 A CN 2012100617765A CN 201210061776 A CN201210061776 A CN 201210061776A CN 102622916 A CN102622916 A CN 102622916A
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image
body
body part
information
point
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CN2012100617765A
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Chinese (zh)
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孙凌云
张三元
柴春雷
王康乐
王琛
王长路
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浙江大学
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Abstract

The invention discloses a human body acupuncture point projection demonstration method and a human body acupuncture point projection demonstration device. The method comprises the following steps of: 1) building a body part information base, a body organ information base and an acupuncture point information base; 2) calibrating a camera device and a projection device; 3) acquiring a video stream of a demonstrator, searching a body part image according to an image frame in the video stream, searching a body organ image according to the body part image, and acquiring information of acupuncture points of a body organ corresponding to the current image frame and information of the acupuncture points in the body organ image; and 4) calibrating the positions of the current image frame and the body organ image, determining the positions of the acupuncture points, generating an output image according to the information of the acupuncture points and the positions in the current image frame, and outputting the image to the body part of the demonstrator. The device comprises a camera unit, a data storage unit, a control unit and a projection unit. The device has the advantages of precise acupuncture point calibration, high man-machine interaction interestingness, simple operation, low cost and wide application range.

Description

人体穴位投影演示方法及装置 Body acupuncture points projection presentation method and apparatus

技术领域[0001] 本发明涉及一种可应用于中医学针灸教学的基于图像捕捉识别和投影的人体穴位识别交互系统,尤其是一种基于增强现实技术的能通过摄像捕捉识别人体轮廓,并投射穴位图像至人体相应位置的穴位识别交互系统。 Technical Field [0001] The present invention relates to a teaching of acupuncture applied medicine image capturing and identifying projected points human recognition based interactive system, in particular based augmented reality image captured by identifying body contour, and the projection points to image points corresponding position recognition human interaction system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 针灸是一种中国特有的治疗疾病的手段。 [0002] Acupuncture is a means of treatment of diseases unique to China. 它是一种“内病外治”的医术,是通过经络、腧穴的传导作用,以及应用一定的操作法,来治疗全身疾病的。 It is a kind of medicine "disease outside the rule" is through the meridians, acupoints conduction, and the application of certain operating method for the treatment of systemic diseases.

[0003] 在针灸教学中,“经络乱,穴位多”是学习针灸者普遍遇到的问题,据粗略统计,人体重要的穴位就有365个,无论多么专业的人都无法全部熟记这么多穴位的名称,同学们学习起来更是感到非常困难。 [0003] In acupuncture teaching, "Meridian chaotic, multi-point" is a problem commonly encountered by those who study acupuncture, according to rough statistics, there is an important human 365 points, no matter how professional people can not memorize all so much the name of the acupuncture points, the students learning together is very difficult. 在我们传统的教学中,老师只是在课堂上机械地讲述、示范或者观看模型等。 In our traditional teaching, the teacher in the classroom only mechanically talk, or watch a demonstration model. 学生只是被动地接受,无法积极主动地进行学习演练。 Students are passive recipients, not actively learning exercises. 因此教学效果难以保证。 Therefore, the teaching effect is difficult to guarantee. 鉴于此,设计一种结构简单、经济实用、易于普及推广的人体穴位学习系统就显得非常重要了。 In view of this, design a structure is simple, economical and practical, easy to popularize the study of human acupuncture points system is very important.

[0004] 古代中医教学中,采用针灸铜人来进行教学。 [0004] the teaching of ancient Chinese medicine, the use of acupuncture bronze to teaching. 针灸铜人是由青铜浇铸而成的人体经络喻穴模型,是经络喻穴教学不可缺少的教具。 Acupuncture is a bronze casting of bronze from the body meridians model Yu points, meridian metaphor is an indispensable point of teaching aids. 在铜人身体表面刻着人体十四条经络循行路线,各条经络之穴位名称都按照人体的实际比例进行详细标注。 In the human body surface engraved copper body fourteen meridian line, the names of the meridians of acupuncture points are marked in detail in accordance with the actual proportions of the human body. 针灸铜人的制作与应用,使得经穴教学更为标准化、形象化、直观化。 Production and application of acupuncture bronze, making teaching more standardized Meridian, visualize, visualize. 但是,由于当时技术条件所限,其趣味性、互动性都存在很大程度上的欠缺。 However, because of the technical limited conditions, its fun, interactive exist largely lacking.

[0005] 对此,已有运用现代技术进行穴位教学的发明有: [0005] In this regard, the use of modern technology has been teaching points of the invention are:

[0006] I、公开号为CN101268939的专利申请记载了一种人体穴位识别治疗仪,该发明利用人体穴位伏安特性曲线理论基础,以物理技术为主导,以光电技术为识别手段。 [0006] I, Publication No. CN101268939 patent application describes a human therapy device identification points, the theoretical basis of the invention using the volt-ampere characteristic curve of the body, led to physical techniques, photoelectric means of identification technology. 由于人体穴位伏安特性曲线具有经络穴位处呈现低阻抗和高电导率,而非穴位经络处所表现的性质与上述性质相反的特性。 Since the volt-ampere characteristic curve of the body having a low impedance at meridian points and high conductivity, rather than the nature of the premises meridian points and performance characteristics opposite to the above-mentioned properties. 将两者相比较,其中电阻最低的点往往是穴位点。 The comparison of the two, wherein the resistance is often the lowest point of acupuncture points. 穴位探测即是利用了人体非穴位点和穴位点呈现在不同阻抗中电压值之间的差异而对穴位位置进行判断。 That point is the use of the human body detecting acupoints and non-acupuncture point difference between the voltage value present in the different impedance points for the position determination is performed.

[0007] 2、公开号为CN101226699的专利申请记载了一种人体穴位识别与考试系统。 [0007] 2, Publication No. CN101226699 patent application describes a test system with human recognition points. 该发明主要由人机交互界面部分和穴位信息采集部分组成,其间为无线传输连接。 The invention is mainly composed of man-machine interface part of acupuncture points and information collection components, a wireless transmission connection therebetween. 人机交互界面部分包括安装了自编的计算机程序的采用两台显示器的计算机、ZigbeeCC2430主模块与型号T39620的陶瓷天线和人体穴位模型,穴位信息采集部分由分立的5个控制单元和穴位探测笔组成。 Interactive interface portion comprises a computer program installed self using two computer monitors, ZigbeeCC2430 model T39620 main module and the antenna ceramic body and point models, discrete point information acquisition section 5 and the control unit detecting pen point composition. 使用时用探测笔在人体模型上相应位置点击,若点击位置是相应穴位所处位置,便会执行指定命令。 Click on the corresponding position on the mannequin when used as a detection pen, if you click the appropriate location is the location of acupuncture points, will perform the specified command.

[0008] 综上所述,目前人体穴位教学相关设备的局限因素主要有:1、上述技术都需要一系列相关仪器,其功能实现与操作对于场地、设备的限制较多,使用不便;2、上述实现方式所需设备较多,因此制作成本相对较高;3、上述技术对使用者的要求也较高,使用者需要一定的学习过程,才能学会相关仪器的使用;4、不够生动,没有一个良好的人机交互。 [0008] In summary, the current limitations of the human factors associated equipment teaching points are: 1, the above techniques require a series of related instruments to achieve its function and operation for space, equipment limitations are more inconvenient to use; 2, above the required implementation of large equipment, so production costs are relatively high; 3, the above-mentioned technical requirements of users is quite high, the user requires a certain learning process, in order to learn the use of related equipment; 4, vivid enough, no a good human-computer interaction. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0009] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种穴位标定精准、人机交互趣味性强、操作简单、成本低廉、适用范围广的人体穴位投影演示方法及装置。 [0009] The present invention to solve the technical problem of providing a precise calibration points, strong human-computer interaction fun, simple operation, low cost, wide scope of human point presentation projection method and apparatus.

[0010] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明采用的技术方案为: [0011] 一种人体穴位投影演示方法,其实施步骤如下: [0010] To solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the technical solution as follows: [0011] A personal presentation point projection method implemented steps of:

[0012] I)建立包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库;建立包含身体器官图像和对应的身体部位的身体器官信息库,建立包含每一个身体器官图像上的穴位信息和穴位位置的穴位信息库; [0012] I) the establishment of a body part information database containing body part image; establishing a body organ repository contains the body part image and the corresponding body part, the establishment of point information database contains point information and points positions on each part image of the body ;

[0013] 2)将摄像装置和投影装置进行定标处理; [0013] 2) The imaging device and the projection device scaling process;

[0014] 3)通过摄像装置采集演示者的视频流,根据视频流中的图像帧检索所述身体部位信息库找出最匹配的身体部位图像,根据所述身体部位图像检索所述身体器官信息库找出最匹配的身体器官图像,根据所述身体器官图像的名称检索所述穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信息和在身体器官图像中的位置; [0014] 3) acquired by the imaging means of the video stream presenter to identify the body part in accordance with the image best matches the retrieved image frames of the video stream information base body part, the body organ to retrieve the image information according to the body part library to find the best match of the body part image, retrieving the acquired point information database corresponding to the current image frame body organ and the position information of each point in the body organ image according to image a name of the body organ;

[0015] 4)将当前图像帧与身体器官图像进行位置标定,确定各个穴位在当前图像帧中的位置,然后根据各个穴位的信息和在当前图像帧中的位置生成输出图像,并通过投影装置实时投影输出至演示者的身体部位上。 [0015] 4) the current image frame and the body organ image position calibration, determining the position of various points in the current image frame, and generating an output image based on information of the respective points and the position in the current image frame, and by a projection means Real-time output projected onto the presenter's body parts.

[0016] 作为上述技术方案的进一步改进: [0016] As the foregoing technical solution further improvement:

[0017] 所述步骤I)中建立包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库的详细步骤包括:根据每一个身体部位的一幅图像建立身体部位信息库;或者将每一个身体部位的多幅图像进行平均处理得到一副平均图像,然后根据每一个身体部位的一幅平均图像建立身体部位信息库。 Establishing step includes detailed information base body part comprises a body part of the image) in [0017] the Step I: establishing a body part according to the image information database for each body part; or a plurality of images of each body part is the average processing to obtain an average image, and then build up the body parts of an image information database according to the average of each body part.

[0018] 本发明还提供一种人体穴位投影演示装置,包括: [0018] The present invention also provides a demonstration of Acupuncture Points projection apparatus comprising:

[0019] 摄像单元,用于采集演示者的视频流; [0019] The image pickup unit for acquiring a video stream presenter;

[0020] 数据存储单元,用于存储包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库、包含身体器官图像和对应的身体部位的身体器官信息库、包含每一个身体器官图像上的穴位信息和穴位位置的穴位信息库; [0020] The data storage unit for storing a body part comprising a part of the image information base body, comprising a body part image and the corresponding body part of the information base body organ, comprising acupuncture point position information and the points on each image of the body organ database;

[0021] 控制单元,用于根据采集的身体部位图像输出对应的穴位信息; [0021] The control unit, according to point information corresponding to the acquired image output body part;

[0022] 投影单元,用于将输出图像实时投影输出至演示者的身体部位上; [0022] The projection unit, for outputting an output image projected onto the real-time presenter's body part;

[0023] 所述控制单元包括用于根据视频流中的图像帧检索所述身体部位信息库找出最匹配的身体部位图像的身体部位识别模块、用于根据所述身体部位图像检索所述身体器官信息库找出最匹配的身体器官图像的身体器官识别模块、用于根据所述身体器官图像的名称检索所述穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信息和身体器官图像中的位置并将当前图像帧与身体器官图像进行位置标定以确定各个穴位在当前图像帧中的位置的穴位信息获取模块、用于根据各个穴位的信息和在当前图像帧中的位置生成输出图像的穴位图像输出模块,所述身体部位识别模块、身体器官识别模块、穴位信息获取模块和穴位图像输出模块依次相连,所述身体部位识别模块的输入端与摄像单元相连,所述身体部位识别模块、身体器官识别模块、穴位信息获取模块 [0023] The control unit comprises an identification module to identify the body part of the body part of the image that best matches the image frame of the video stream to retrieve the information base body part, for image retrieval according to the body part of said body organ body organ repository identification module to identify the best match image body organs, for retrieving the point information database based on the name of the body organ acquired image information corresponding to the current image frame and the respective image points of the body organ in the body organ the position of the current image frame and the image of a body organ to determine the position of the calibration points the position information of each point in the current image frame acquisition module for generating an output image based on the information at various points and the position of the current image frame the image output module point, the body part identification module, the identification module body organs, point information acquisition module and the output module image points are sequentially connected, the input terminal identification module to the body part and the imaging unit is connected to the body part identification module, body organ recognition module, point information acquisition module 分别与数据存储单元相连,所述穴位图像输出模块的输出端与投影单元相连,所述摄像单元与投影单元经过定标处理。 Respectively connected to the data storage unit, the output module connected to the image points of the output of the projection unit, the imaging unit and the projection unit after the scaling process.

[0024] 本发明的方法具有下述优点:[0025] I、本发明能够将标定信息库存储的穴位信息以及穴位通过投影仪投影至演示者的身体上,以一种接近人的自然行为的交互方式来进行的,使用时,演示者可以自然地移动身体,并随时改变生成的图形,进而形成一种良好的互动环境,并有利于营造轻松、活泼的教学氛围,具有成本较低、使用简单方便、交互生动形象的优点。 [0024] The method of the present invention has the following advantages: [0025] I, the present invention is able to store the calibration point information and points projected by a projector onto the presenter's body in a natural behavior close to human carried out interactively, use, presenter can naturally move the body, and change the graphics generated at any time, and then develop a good interactive environment, and help create a relaxed, lively teaching atmosphere, has a lower cost, simple, vivid interactive advantages.

[0026] 2、本发明所采用的设备包括摄像头和投影仪的硬件要求不高,可以采用普通的摄像头和投影仪,而且对场地和设备的要求不高,限制因素较少,系统成本较低。 [0026] 2, the device used in the present invention includes a camera hardware requirements and the projector may be employed ordinary camera and a projector, and less demanding of space and equipment, fewer constraints, low cost system .

[0027] 3、本发明通过分析所拍摄的图像来进行人体部位的识别,这样识别范围就不局限于有温度的物体,也可以是其他道具,大大提高了系统的使用范围,具有适用范围广泛的优点。 [0027] 3, the present invention is carried out by analyzing the captured image to identify body parts, such identification is not limited to the temperature range of objects, may be other props, to greatly increase the range of the system, having a wide scope The advantages.

[0028] 4、本发明除用作中医针灸教学之外,也可用做博物馆、展览馆的交互演示,以生动浅显的方式,使普通群众能够最直观地对自己身上的穴位建立直观印象,具有应用广泛的优点。 [0028] 4, the present invention is used acupuncture in addition to teaching outside, can also be used to make interactive presentations museums, galleries and lively facile manner, so that ordinary people can build the most intuitive visual impression of himself points with application of a wide range of advantages.

[0029] 本发明的装置由于具有方法相对应的结构部件,因此也具有与上述方法相对应的优点。 [0029] The apparatus of the present invention has structural member corresponding method, it also has the advantage of the above-described method corresponding.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0030] 图I为本发明实施例方法的基本流程示意图。 [0030] Figure I a schematic view of the present invention, the basic flow of an embodiment method.

[0031] 图2为本发明实施例装置的框架结构示意图。 [0031] FIG. 2 is a schematic embodiment of a frame structure of an apparatus of the present invention.

[0032] 图3为本发明实施例装置的实施步骤示意图。 [0032] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an apparatus embodiment step embodiment of the present invention.

[0033] 图例说明:1、摄像单元;2、数据存储单元;3、控制单元;31、身体部位识别模块;32、身体器官识别模块;33、穴位信息获取模块;34、穴位图像输出模块;4、投影单元。 [0033] Legend: 1, the imaging unit; 2, a data storage unit; 3, the control unit; 31, a body part identification module; 32, body organ identification module; 33, point information acquisition module; 34, point image output module; 4, the projection unit.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0034] 如图I所示,本实施例的人体穴位投影演示方法的实施步骤如下: [0034] FIG I, the method of presentation embodiment the step of projecting points of the body according to the present embodiment is as follows:

[0035] I)建立包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库;建立包含身体器官图像和对应的身体部位的身体器官信息库,建立包含每一个身体器官图像上的穴位信息和穴位位置的穴位信息库; [0035] I) the establishment of a body part information database containing body part image; establishing a body organ repository contains the body part image and the corresponding body part, the establishment of point information database contains point information and points positions on each part image of the body ;

[0036] 2)将摄像装置和投影装置进行定标处理; [0036] 2) The imaging device and the projection device scaling process;

[0037] 3)通过摄像装置采集演示者的视频流,根据视频流中的图像帧检索身体部位信息库找出最匹配的身体部位图像,根据身体部位图像检索身体器官信息库找出最匹配的身体器官图像,根据身体器官图像的名称检索穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信息和在身体器官图像中的位置; [0037] 3) Acquisition by the imaging device a video stream presenter to identify the body part image that best matches the video image frame stream retrieval information base body part, the body part to find the best match according to the image retrieval information base body organs the image body organs, body organ names according to the image information database retrieval points to get the current frame image information corresponding to the various points of the body organs and organ in the body position of the image;

[0038] 4)将当前图像帧与身体器官图像进行位置标定,确定各个穴位在当前图像帧中的位置,然后根据各个穴位的信息和在当前图像帧中的位置生成输出图像,并通过投影装置实时投影输出至演示者的身体部位上。 [0038] 4) the current image frame and the body organ image position calibration, determining the position of various points in the current image frame, and generating an output image based on information of the respective points and the position in the current image frame, and by a projection means Real-time output projected onto the presenter's body parts.

[0039] 本实施例中身体部位信息库涉及的身体部位包括面部、头顶、后脑、背部、臀部、胸部、腹部、手掌、手心、脚底等。 [0039] In the present embodiment the body part embodiment according to the body part includes a face information database, head, head, back, buttocks, chest, abdomen, hands, palms, soles and the like. 身体器官信息库涉及的身体器官包括眼睛、眉毛、外轮廓等。 Information base body organs involved in the body's organs including the eyes, eyebrows, and other outer contour. 穴位信息库包含每一个身体器官图像上的穴位信息和穴位位置的,例如人中穴位于鼻下沿正中与唇上沿正中连线的中点。 Point repository contains information about each point and location points on the body organs of the image, such as man points at the midpoint along the middle of the nose and lips along the middle of the wire. 根据身体器官图像的名称检索穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信息和身体器官图像中的位置时,可根据需要先对当前图像帧进行姿态、角度进行识别,然后结合图像帧中身体器官的姿态、角度来获取对应的身体器官的各个穴位的信息和身体器官图像中的位置。 Retrieving points repository acquiring the current image frame corresponding to the position information and organs of the body images of the respective points of a body organ according to a name of the body organ image may first current image frame pose needed angle identification, then combined with the image frame organ in the body posture, the angle to get the location information and organs of the body image corresponding to the various points of the body organs.

[0040] 本实施例的步骤I)中建立包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库的详细步骤包括:根据每一个身体部位的一幅图像建立身体部位信息库;或者将每一个身体部位的多幅图像进行平均处理得到一副平均图像,然后根据每一个身体部位的一幅平均图像建立身体部位信息库。 [0040] The detailed steps comprising establishing a body part of the body part of the image repository comprises the step I of the present embodiment) in which: the body part to establish an information database according to the image of each body part; or each of a plurality of body parts images are averaged to obtain an average image, and then build up the body parts of an image information database according to the average of each body part.

[0041] 如图2所示,本实施例的人体穴位投影演示装置包括:摄像单元1,用于采集演示者的视频流;数据存储单元2,用于存储包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库、包含身体器官图像和对应的身体部位的身体器官信息库、包含每一个身体器官图像上的穴位信息和穴位位置的穴位信息库;控制单元3,用于根据采集的身体部位图像输出对应的穴位信息;投影单元4,用于将输出图像实时投影输出至演示者的身体部位上。 [0041] 2, the projector body points presentation apparatus according to the present embodiment includes: an imaging unit for acquiring the presenter's video stream; data storing means 2 for storing a body part comprising a part of the image information base body , comprising information base body organs and body organs image corresponding body parts, each comprising a repository acupuncture point position information and the acupuncture points on the body part image; and a control unit 3, a body part of acupuncture points corresponding to the output image according to the collected information; 4, for the body part in real-time output image is output to the projector projection unit presenter. 控制单元3包括用于根据视频流中的图像帧检索身体部位信息库找出最匹配的身体部位图像的身体部位识别模块31、用于根据身体部位图像检索身体器官信息库找出最匹配的身体器官图像的身体器官识别模块32、用于根据身体器官图像的名称检索穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信息和身体器官图像中的位置并将当前图像帧与身体器官图像进行位置标定以确定各个穴位在当前图像帧中的位置的穴位信息获取模块33、用于根据各个穴位的信息和在当前图像帧中的位置生成输出图像的穴位图像输出模块34,身体部位识别模块31、身体器官识别模块32、穴位信息获取模块33和穴位图像输出模块34依次相连,身体部位识别模块31的输入端与摄像单元I相连,身体部位识别模块31、身体器官识别模块32、穴位信息获取模块33分别与数据存储单元2相连 The control unit 3 comprises an identification module to identify the body part of the body part of the image that best matches the video stream 31 in accordance with image frames retrieving information base body part, an organ of the body for image retrieval according to the repository to find the best match of the body part of the body organ body organ image recognition module 32, for retrieving information base points based on the name of the body part image acquiring location information corresponding to the current image frame and an image of the body organ body organs various points in the current image frame and the image of a body organ acquiring a position to determine the position of each calibration point in the current image frame to point information module 33, for generating an output image in accordance with the various points and the position information of the current image frame in the image point in the output module 34, identification module 31 of the body portion , body organ identification module 32, point information acquisition module 33 and a point image output module 34 in turn connected to the body part recognition module input of the imaging unit is connected to I 31, the body part recognition module 31, body organ identification module 32, point information acquisition module 33 is connected to the data storage unit 2, respectively 穴位图像输出模块34的输出端与投影单元4相连,摄像单元I与投影单元4经过定标处理。 Point image output module 34 and the output terminal is connected to the projector unit 4, the imaging unit 4 and the projection unit I through the scaling process. 本实施例中,摄像单元I采用摄像头实现,控制单元3采用计算机实现,数据存储单元2则基于计算机内部的存储装置实现,投影单元4则采用投影仪实现。 In this embodiment, the imaging unit I realized using the camera, the control unit 3 implemented by computer, the data storage unit 2 based on the storage device inside the computer implemented, using the projection projector unit 4 implemented.

[0042] 如图3所示,本实施例的演示步骤如下: [0042] As shown in FIG. 3, the present embodiment demonstrates the following steps:

[0043] a)预先设置好身体部位信息库、身体器官信息库和穴位信息库,并存储在数据存储单元2中;采用已有通用投影-摄像装置定标技术,对摄像单元I和投影单元4进行定标处理实现投影图像和实物的重合。 [0043] a) set in advance body site information database, information base body organs and point information database, and stored in the data storage unit 2; using the existing universal projector - calibration technique imaging apparatus, the imaging unit and the projection unit I 4 scaling process to achieve coincidence of the projected image and objects.

[0044] b)演示者将面部置于摄像单元I和背景屏之间,摄像单元I开始采集人体面部图像,并将视频流传输到控制单元3。 [0044] b) interposed between the face presenter I and background screen image pickup unit, the imaging unit I began collecting human face image, and supplies the video stream to the control unit 3.

[0045] c)身体部位识别模块31接收到摄像装置采集到的人体图像视频流中的图像帧后,利用现有的局部图像检索技术,依据图像帧的形状、颜色、纹理特征在身体部位信息库中查找最匹配的身体部位图像,从而判断当前人体图像为面部。 After [0045] c) the body part identification module 31 receives the image frames of a video stream human body image pickup apparatus collected, using conventional local image retrieval, the information body part depending on the shape, color, texture feature image frame Find the library part of the body image that best matches in order to determine the current body image as a face.

[0046] d)身体器官识别模块32依据图像帧在身体器官信息库中采用现有的局部图像检索技术,结合面部的角度、姿态找到最匹配的面部器官图像; [0046] d) a body organ according to the image recognition module 32 employs a frame body organs repository conventional local image retrieval, binding the angle of the face, a face part image gesture to find the best match;

[0047] e)穴位信息获取模块33根据身体器官图像的名称检索穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信息和身体器官图像中的位置并将当前图像帧与身体器官图像进行位置标定以确定各个穴位在当前图像帧中的位置; [0047] e) point information acquisition module 33 acquires the position information of the image body organs and the various points of the current image frame corresponding to body organs in a body organ names according to the image retrieval information base points and the current image frame and the position of a body organ image calibrated to determine the position of various points in the current image frame;

[0048] f)穴位图像输出模块34根据各个穴位的信息和在当前图像帧中的位置生成输出图像;输出图像包括要显示的穴位的位置、名称和图像信息。 [0048] f) point image output module 34 generates an output image based on the information and the position of each point in the current image frame; the output image includes the position of the points to be displayed, and the name of the image information. 如识别出面部器官鼻子和嘴唇后,依据面部穴位库中存储的穴位和器官间的关系,可知人中穴位于鼻下沿正中与唇上沿正中连线的中点,因此便计算出人中穴的位置。 After recognize the face as organ nose and lips, according to the relationship between facial acupuncture points stored in a library and organs can be seen among the points at the mid-point along the nose and lips along the middle of the middle of the connection, so people will be calculated location pockets.

[0049] g)依据穴位图像输出模块34输出的穴位位置、名称、图像信息,投影单元4将面部相关穴位及其信息的输出图像投影到面部的对应位置。 [0049] g) based on the face 4 and the relevant points of the output image point position information output module 34 outputs the image points, the name, image information, the projecting unit to the corresponding position of the face. 与此同时,当待识别穴位者移动身体位置时,身上的穴位标注便会随之发生相应变化,从而营造出一种良好的交互教学展示效果。 At the same time, when the points to be identified by moving the position of the body, the body will mark the points corresponding changes will occur, thus creating a good interactive teaching presence.

[0050] 以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施方式,本发明的保护范围并不仅限于上述实施方式,凡是属于本发明原理的技术方案均属于本发明的保护范围。 [0050] The above are only preferred embodiments of the invention, the scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, all belonging to the principles of the present invention belong to the scope of the technical solutions of the present invention. 对于本领域的技术人员而言,在不脱离本发明的原理的前提下进行的若干改进和润饰,这些改进和润饰也应视为本发明的保护范围。 For those skilled in the art, various improvements and modifications made without departing from the principles of the present invention is the premise of these improvements and modifications should also be regarded as the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. 一种人体穴位投影演示方法,其特征在于其实施步骤如下: 1)建立包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库;建立包含身体器官图像和对应的身体部位的身体器官信息库,建立包含每一个身体器官图像上的穴位信息和穴位位置的穴位信息库; 2)将摄像装置和投影装置进行定标处理; 3)通过摄像装置采集演示者的视频流,根据视频流中的图像帧检索所述身体部位信息库找出最匹配的身体部位图像,根据所述身体部位图像检索所述身体器官信息库找出最匹配的身体器官图像,根据所述身体器官图像的名称检索所述穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信息和在身体器官图像中的位置; 4)将当前图像帧与身体器官图像进行位置标定,确定各个穴位在当前图像帧中的位置,然后根据各个穴位的信息和在当前图像帧中的位置生成输出图像,并通 1. A personal presentation point projection method, characterized in that embodiment the following steps: 1) establishing a body part comprising a body part information base image; establishing a body organ comprising a body organ image information database and the corresponding body part, each comprising the establishment of a body organ point information database point information and the point position on the image; 2) the image pickup device and the projection device scaling process; 3) by the imaging apparatus to collect the presenter's video stream, the video stream of image frames to retrieve is based said body part information database to find the best match for the image body parts, body organs to find the best match for the image according to the body part of the body organ to retrieve image information database, based on the name of the body organ to retrieve the image information base points acquiring the current image frame corresponds to information of various points of the body organ and the position of the body organ image; 4) the current image frame body organ image position calibration, determining the position of various points in the current image frame, and then according to the respective points location information and generating an output image in the current image frame, and through 投影装置实时投影输出至演示者的身体部位上。 Real-time output projection device projected onto the presenter's body parts.
2.根据权利要求I所述的人体穴位投影演示方法,其特征在于,所述步骤I)中建立包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库的详细步骤包括:根据每一个身体部位的一幅图像建立身体部位信息库;或者将每一个身体部位的多幅图像进行平均处理得到一副平均图像,然后根据每一个身体部位的一幅平均图像建立身体部位信息库。 The presentation of human projection point method according to claim I, wherein establishing) the detailed steps of the step I comprises a body part information base body part image comprises: establishing each of the image according to a body part body part information base; or each body part of a plurality of images are averaged to obtain an average image, and then build up the body parts information database according to an average image of each body part. 一种人体穴位投影演示装置,其特征在于包括: 摄像单元(I),用于采集演示者的视频流; 数据存储单元(2),用于存储包含身体部位图像的身体部位信息库、包含身体器官图像和对应的身体部位的身体器官信息库、包含每一个身体器官图像上的穴位信息和穴位位置的穴位信息库; 控制单元(3),用于根据采集的身体部位图像输出对应的穴位信息; 投影单元(4),用于将输出图像实时投影输出至演示者的身体部位上; 所述控制单元(3)包括用于根据视频流中的图像帧检索所述身体部位信息库找出最匹配的身体部位图像的身体部位识别模块(31)、用于根据所述身体部位图像检索所述身体器官信息库找出最匹配的身体器官图像的身体器官识别模块(32)、用于根据所述身体器官图像的名称检索所述穴位信息库获取当前图像帧对应身体器官的各个穴位的信 A personal presentation point projection apparatus, comprising: an imaging unit (the I), for collecting the video stream presenter; data storing unit (2), comprising a body part for storing image information base body portion, the body comprising part image and the corresponding body part of the body organ repository, the repository comprising acupuncture point position information and the points on each image of the body organ; the control unit (3), according to the body part information points corresponding to the output image acquisition ; projection unit (4) for the body part in real-time output image projected to the output presenter; the control unit (3) comprises a video stream according to an image frame of the body part information retrieval database to identify the most matching body parts of the body part of the image identification module (31), for retrieving the image information database to identify body organ body organ identification module (32) that best matches the image in accordance with body organs of the body part, according to the said body organ to retrieve the letter name of the image points of the current image frame acquired information base corresponding to the various points of the body organs 和身体器官图像中的位置并将当前图像帧与身体器官图像进行位置标定以确定各个穴位在当前图像帧中的位置的穴位信息获取模块(33)、用于根据各个穴位的信息和在当前图像帧中的位置生成输出图像的穴位图像输出模块(34),所述身体部位识别模块(31)、身体器官识别模块(32)、穴位信息获取模块(33)和穴位图像输出模块(34)依次相连,所述身体部位识别模块(31)的输入端与摄像单元(I)相连,所述身体部位识别模块(31)、身体器官识别模块(32)、穴位信息获取模块(33)分别与数据存储单元(2)相连,所述穴位图像输出模块(34)的输出端与投影单元(4)相连,所述摄像单元(I)与投影单元(4)经过定标处理。 And the position in the image body organs and body organs the current image frame and the position of the calibration image to determine the position of each point of information points in the current image frame acquisition module (33), and the information for various points in the current image according to the frame position of the image point generated output image output module (34), the body part identification module (31), body organ identification module (32), point information acquisition module (33) and the point image output module (34) sequentially connected to the body part identification module (31) and the input of the imaging unit (I) is connected to the body part identification module (31), body organ identification module (32), point information acquisition module (33) and the data were the storage unit (2) is connected, (4) image output module connected to the point (34) and the output terminal of the projection unit, said imaging unit (I) and the projection unit (4) after the calibration process.
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CN106780653A (en) * 2017-01-16 2017-05-31 高泂 The generation method of collaterals of human and acupuncture points on the human body Visual Graph
CN107221000A (en) * 2017-04-11 2017-09-29 天津大学 Acupoint Visualization Platform and its image processing method based on augmented reality

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