CN102580828B - Environment friendly kitchen waste collecting bin - Google Patents

Environment friendly kitchen waste collecting bin Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102580828B
CN102580828B CN201210039972.2A CN201210039972A CN102580828B CN 102580828 B CN102580828 B CN 102580828B CN 201210039972 A CN201210039972 A CN 201210039972A CN 102580828 B CN102580828 B CN 102580828B
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collecting bin
kitchen waste
bucket elevator
environment
waste collecting
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CN102580828A (en
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杨江雄
郎锐
王发生
宝林
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宝林
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Abstract

The invention provides an environment friendly kitchen waste collecting bin which comprises a membrane closed type collecting bin chamber, wherein an automatic roller shutter is arranged before the collecting bin chamber, a distributing machine is arranged behind the collecting bin chamber; the collecting bin chamber is internally provided with a working pool lower than the ground, the working pool is internally sequentially top-down provided with a feeding hole, a pushing device, a crushing machine, a bus tube and a bucket elevator which are communicated; a feeding hole of the pushing device is slightly higher than the ground; and a discharging hole of the bucket elevator corresponds to a feeding hole of the distributing machine. A collecting vehicle enters the collecting bin chamber from the automatic roller shutter until reaching nearby the working pool for discharging materials into the pushing device, the materials are crushed by the crushing machine and then collected to the feeding hole of the bucket elevator through the bus tube as well as elevated to the distributing machine behind the collecting bin chamber by the bucket elevator for distributing the materials, and different materials obtained after distribution are respectively conveyed to different procedures for treatment. According to the invention, a line production of conveying, collecting and treating kitchen waste is realized, the labor intensity of workers is reduced, and the environment pollution is avoided.

Description

Environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin
Technical field
The invention belongs to technology of garbage disposal field, relate to a kind of kitchen waste collecting bin, relate in particular to a kind of environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin.
Prior art
At present, the collection of changing food waste is mainly to put together after the receipts fortune by automobile, and great majority, as swill processing, also have indivedual cities to process outside urban district through transporting compressed.Like this, make the transporting of changing food waste, collect, process and had a strong impact on environment, affected city look and feel, and people's human body and life have been caused to certain harm.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention, in order to overcome problems of the prior art, provides a kind of environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin.
Environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin of the present invention, comprises membrane closure formula rewinding warehouse; Rewinding warehouse be provided with above automatic rolling gate, after be provided with depiler; In rewinding warehouse, be provided with the work pool lower than ground, in work pool, be disposed with feed hopper, material-pulling device, disintegrating machine, collecting pipe and the bucket elevator of connection from top to bottom; The charging aperture of described material-pulling device is a little more than ground; The charging aperture of the corresponding depiler of discharging opening of described bucket elevator.
Described feed hopper is double door environmental protection hopper, and it comprises V-type groove hopper, be provided with securing cover plate, and on securing cover plate, be provided with folding hatch door, and folding compartment door is connected with securing cover plate by hinge on the top of V-type groove hopper; On securing cover plate, be provided with hydraulic cylinder, the piston rod of this hydraulic cylinder is connected by hinge ear with folding compartment door.
Described material-pulling device is double helix material-pulling device, and it comprises tank body, one end sealing of this tank body, and the other end opens wide as discharging opening; The top of tank body is provided with feed hopper near blind end, and tank body is provided with discharge bucket outside unlimited one end; In tank body, be provided with two helical axis, and on two helical axis, be provided with that rotation direction is contrary, and interconnected helical blade.
Described disintegrating machine is transverse axis impact crusher, and it comprises casing and is arranged on two transverse axis in casing; On the inwall of casing both sides, be provided with ledger-plate, on two transverse axis, be provided with interconnected cutting blade, the interlaced configuration of described ledger-plate and cutting blade; The top of described casing is provided with charging aperture, and bottom is provided with discharging opening.
Described bucket elevator drags for formula bucket elevator for hole, and its structure is shown in Chinese patent ZL201020540438.6.
Described depiler is drum-type depiler, and it comprises screening drum; One end of screening drum is provided with taper feeding cylinder, and the other end is provided with taper discharge barrel; In described screening drum, be provided with horizontally disposed lifting blade and the guide blade of screw arrangement, and guide blade and lifting blade interconnected; In taper discharge barrel, be provided with and guide blade discharge blade in the same way; The barrel of described screening drum is provided with sieve aperture.
It is spacing that the edge of the corresponding work pool in earth's surface in described rewinding warehouse is provided with vehicle, to guarantee that receiving fortune vehicle pours material into material-pulling device accurately.
Described rewinding is provided with spray system in warehouse, after discharging finishes, the equipment transporting in vehicle, feed bin and work pool is rinsed.
One side of the corresponding automatic rolling gate in earth's surface in described rewinding warehouse is provided with trench, so that by sewage collecting, discharge after cleaning.
The top in described rewinding warehouse is provided with deodoration system, is that the foul smell producing carries out timely collection and treatment to discharging.
Rewinding warehouse is outside equipped with automatic control system, to implement to transport the control of the work such as turnover, discharging and spiral pusher device, disintegrating machine, bucket elevator, depiler, the odor removal of vehicle.
Receive fortune vehicle and enter rewinding warehouse until near work pool by automatic rolling gate, material is discharged into feed hopper, there is material-pulling device to push disintegrating machine, after crusher in crushing, be pooled to the charging aperture of bucket elevator by collecting pipe, then the depiler of being mentioned after rewinding warehouse by bucket elevator carries out sub-material, and the different material obtaining after sub-material is sent to respectively different operations and processes.
The relative prior art of the present invention has following beneficial effect: realized that changing food waste transports, the continuous productive process of collection, sub-material etc., transport the work of turnover, discharging and spiral pusher device, disintegrating machine, bucket elevator, depiler of vehicle etc. by robot control system(RCS) control, reduce labor strength, improve efficiency, stopped environmental pollution.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the layout drawing of each equipment in work pool of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of double door environmental protection hopper;
Fig. 4 is the structure chart of double helix material-pulling device;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of transverse axis impact crusher;
Fig. 6 is the top view of Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the structure chart of drum-type depiler;
Fig. 8 is the layout drawing of each blade in cylinder;
Fig. 9 is the sectional view of screening drum;
Figure 10 is the sectional view of taper discharge barrel.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference to Fig. 1, a kind of environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin, comprises membrane closure formula rewinding warehouse 15, rewinding warehouse be provided with above automatic rolling gate 1, after be provided with depiler 9; In rewinding warehouse 15, be provided with the work pool 14 lower than ground, in work pool, be disposed with feed hopper 5, material-pulling device 12, disintegrating machine 13, collecting pipe 11 and the bucket elevator 8 of connection; The charging aperture of described material-pulling device 12 is a little more than ground; The charging aperture of the corresponding depiler 9 of discharging opening of described bucket elevator 8.Edge at the corresponding work pool 17 in the earth's surface in rewinding warehouse is provided with vehicle spacing 15; Be provided with deodoration system 4 at the top in rewinding warehouse 1, to discharge the foul smell in cabin in good time; In rewinding warehouse, on feed hopper 5, be provided with spray system 10.
Above-mentioned feed hopper 5 is double door environmental protection hopper, and it comprises V-type groove hopper, is provided with securing cover plate 16 on the top of V-type groove hopper, and on securing cover plate 16, is provided with folding hatch door 17, and folding hatch door 17 is connected with securing cover plate by hinge 19; On securing cover plate 16, be provided with hydraulic cylinder 21, the piston rod 20 of this hydraulic cylinder is connected by hinge ear 18 with folding hatch door 17.
Above-mentioned material-pulling device 12 is double helix material-pulling device, and it comprises tank body 22, one end sealing of this tank body, and the other end opens wide as discharging opening; The top of tank body is provided with feed hopper near blind end, and tank body is provided with discharge bucket 23 outside unlimited one end; In tank body 22, be provided with two helical axis 25, and on two helical axis 25, be provided with that rotation direction is contrary, and interconnected helical blade 24.
Above-mentioned disintegrating machine 13 is transverse axis impact crusher, and it comprises casing 26 and is arranged on two transverse axis 31 in casing; On the inwall of casing 26 both sides, be provided with ledger-plate 29, on two transverse axis 31, be provided with interconnected cutting blade 28, described ledger-plate 29 and the interlaced configuration of cutting blade 28; The top of described casing 26 is provided with charging aperture 27, and bottom is provided with discharging opening 30.
Above-mentioned bucket elevator 8 drags for formula bucket elevator for hole, and its structure is shown in Chinese patent ZL201020540438.6.
Above-mentioned depiler 9 is drum-type depiler, and it comprises screening drum 32; One end of screening drum 32 is provided with taper feeding cylinder 33, and the other end is provided with taper discharge barrel 34; In described screening drum 32, be provided with horizontally disposed lifting blade 35 and the guide blade 36 of screw arrangement, and guide blade 36 is interconnected with lifting blade 35; In taper discharge barrel 34, be provided with and guide blade 36 discharge blade 37 in the same way; The barrel of described screening drum 32 is provided with sieve aperture.
In addition, be provided with trench 2 on one side of the corresponding automatic rolling gate 1 in the earth's surface in rewinding warehouse, to collect the sewage after carwash, keep ground clean.
Rewinding warehouse is outside equipped with automatic control system, to implement to transport the control of the work such as turnover, discharging and spiral pusher device, disintegrating machine, bucket elevator, depiler, the odor removal of vehicle.
Specific works process is: receipts fortune vehicle enters plant area and drives to feed bin doorway, and control system system recognizes this vehicle, and automatic rolling gate 1 is opened, vehicle sails into until near work pool 11, feed hopper 5, under the control of hydraulic control system, is opened folding hatch door 17, receives fortune vehicle and pours material into; The deodoration system at top, rewinding storehouse is opened automatically.Along with pouring into of material, double helix material-pulling device 11 rotating speeds promote gradually, and disintegrating machine 13 starts to rotate, and bucket elevator 8 is started working, and depiler 9 starts.Receive the discharging of fortune car complete, be arranged on spray system 10 on feed hopper 5 and start, rinse vehicle and feeding warehouse.After vehicle leaves, the folding hatch door 17 in charging cabin 5 is closed automatically, and spiral pusher device, disintegrating machine, bucket elevator, depiler work stop after completing automatically; Receive fortune car and leave after factory building, automatic rolling closing gate, stops after the gas collection deodoration system delay working of workshop, and in cabin, deodoration system reduces air quantity, and so far rewinding technique all completes.

Claims (7)

1. an environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin, is characterized in that: comprise membrane closure formula rewinding warehouse (15), rewinding warehouse be provided with above automatic rolling gate (1), after be provided with depiler (9); In rewinding warehouse (15), be provided with the work pool (14) lower than ground, in work pool, be disposed with feed hopper (5), material-pulling device (12), disintegrating machine (13), collecting pipe (11) and the bucket elevator (8) of connection; The charging aperture of described material-pulling device (12) is a little more than ground; The charging aperture of the corresponding depiler of discharging opening (9) of described bucket elevator (8); The edge of the corresponding work pool in earth's surface (14) in described rewinding warehouse is provided with vehicle spacing (3); The top in described rewinding warehouse is provided with deodoration system (4), is provided with spray system (10) in described rewinding warehouse on feed hopper (5).
2. environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described feed hopper (5) is double door environmental protection hopper, it comprises V-type groove hopper, be provided with securing cover plate (16) on the top of V-type groove hopper, and on securing cover plate (16), be provided with folding hatch door (17), and folding hatch door (17) is connected with securing cover plate by hinge (19); On securing cover plate (16), be provided with hydraulic cylinder (21), the piston rod (20) of this hydraulic cylinder is connected by hinge ear (18) with folding hatch door (17).
3. environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described material-pulling device (12) is double helix material-pulling device, and it comprises tank body (22), one end sealing of this tank body, and the other end opens wide as discharging opening; The top of tank body is provided with feed hopper near blind end, and tank body is provided with discharge bucket (23) outside unlimited one end; In tank body (22), be provided with two helical axis (25), and on two helical axis (25), be provided with that rotation direction is contrary, and interconnected helical blade (24).
4. environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described disintegrating machine (13) is transverse axis impact crusher, and it comprises casing (26) and is arranged on two transverse axis (31) in casing; On the inwall of casing (26) both sides, be provided with ledger-plate (29), on two transverse axis (31), be provided with interconnected cutting blade (28), described ledger-plate (29) and the interlaced configuration of cutting blade (28); The top of described casing (26) is provided with charging aperture (27), and bottom is provided with discharging opening (30).
5. environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described bucket elevator (8) is for dragging for formula bucket elevator in hole.
6. environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described depiler (9) is drum-type depiler, and it comprises screening drum (32); One end of screening drum (32) is provided with taper feeding cylinder (33), and the other end is provided with taper discharge barrel (34); In described screening drum (32), be provided with horizontally disposed lifting blade (35) and the guide blade (36) of screw arrangement, and guide blade (36) is interconnected with lifting blade (35); In taper discharge barrel (34), be provided with and guide blade (36) discharge blade (37) in the same way; The barrel of described screening drum (32) is provided with sieve aperture.
7. environment-friendly type kitchen waste collecting bin as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: a side of the corresponding automatic rolling gate in earth's surface (1) in described rewinding warehouse is provided with trench (2).
CN201210039972.2A 2012-02-22 2012-02-22 Environment friendly kitchen waste collecting bin Active CN102580828B (en)

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CN102580828B true CN102580828B (en) 2014-06-11

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104525332B (en) * 2015-01-12 2017-07-04 康馨(海门)环保科技发展有限公司 A kind of environment-friendly processing unit
CN106144661B (en) * 2016-07-01 2018-11-30 泰州市龙泽环境科技有限公司 A kind of quick waste conveyor of start and stop
CN106269815B (en) * 2016-10-27 2019-07-09 威德环境科技股份有限公司 Kitchen garbage pretreatment system
CN106276318B (en) * 2016-10-27 2019-10-11 威德环境科技股份有限公司 Kitchen garbage seals discharge system
CN110711625B (en) * 2019-09-20 2021-12-07 扬州市职业大学(扬州市广播电视大学) Automatic change waste material processing apparatus
CN112537664B (en) * 2020-12-14 2022-09-06 湖南仁和环境股份有限公司 Discharge bin matched with kitchen garbage collecting and transporting vehicle

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CN202490664U (en) * 2012-02-22 2012-10-17 宝林 Environment-friendly material collection bin for kitchen waste

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2753465Y (en) * 2004-11-19 2006-01-25 惠州市三峰环保设备科技有限公司 Garbage revolving drum sieve
CN201073654Y (en) * 2007-07-19 2008-06-18 重庆科技学院 Garbage air separation classification system before incineration of refuse
CN201103911Y (en) * 2007-09-19 2008-08-20 王武忠 Rubbish feeder
CN101632996A (en) * 2009-05-31 2010-01-27 北京嘉博文生物科技有限公司 Kitchen waste preprocessing technology
CN201873001U (en) * 2010-10-31 2011-06-22 安徽友特自动化设备有限公司 Packer weighing hopper
CN202006525U (en) * 2010-12-20 2011-10-12 湖北合加环境设备有限公司 Double-shaft crusher
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