CN102561393A - Assembly type underground structure and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Assembly type underground structure and construction method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102561393A
CN102561393A CN2012100588033A CN201210058803A CN102561393A CN 102561393 A CN102561393 A CN 102561393A CN 2012100588033 A CN2012100588033 A CN 2012100588033A CN 201210058803 A CN201210058803 A CN 201210058803A CN 102561393 A CN102561393 A CN 102561393A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
construction
assembly
hole
pin
panel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN2012100588033A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102561393B (en
Inventor
许剑辉
许典钱
Original Assignee
CHANGLE HANGHUI DAILY PRODUCTS Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CHANGLE HANGHUI DAILY PRODUCTS Co Ltd filed Critical CHANGLE HANGHUI DAILY PRODUCTS Co Ltd
Priority to CN201210058803.3A priority Critical patent/CN102561393B/en
Publication of CN102561393A publication Critical patent/CN102561393A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102561393B publication Critical patent/CN102561393B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembly type underground structure and a construction method thereof. The assembly type underground structure is a combination of two structures formed by assembling components, namely a combination of a side bottom structure formed by assembling multiple side bottom components and a side surface structure formed by assembling side surface components respectively, wherein the side surface component is a reinforced concrete plate with an embedded iron member on the side; an embedded lifting hook is arranged on the side wall of the reinforced concrete plate; the side bottom component is a reinforced concrete plate with an embedded iron member on the side; an embedded lifting hook is arranged on the side wall of the reinforced concrete plate; and the lower edge of the side bottom component is provided with a separation plate extending toward the outer side and obliquely downwards. The construction method of the assembly type underground structure is realized by excavating while combining the components and sinking the structure. The assembly type underground structure and the construction method thereof disclosed by the invention have the advantages of low construction cost and high construction speed.

Description

Underground construction of pin-connected panel and construction method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of building structure and method thereof, underground construction of particularly a kind of pin-connected panel and construction method thereof.
Background technology
Basement or space, underground building generally all are the extension products on existing high rise building foundation; Build the inconvenience that the underground building exists separately, for example need constantly deep-cut, but prevent caving in of surrounding soil again in the process of deep-cutting; Simultaneously; More past below, the space of building are also just complicated approximately, and the integral constructing cost will present how much formulas to be increased.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of construction simple, underground construction of pin-connected panel and construction method thereof that construction speed is fast.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this: it is combined to form by the construction that two kinds of assemblies are spliced to form, the side bottom construction that is spliced to form by the plurality of side base assemblies respectively and combined by the side construction that the side assembly is spliced to form; Described side assembly is the reinforced concrete plate that side is provided with embedded iron parts, is provided with pre-buried suspension hook at reinforced concrete plate sidewall; The side bottom assembly is the reinforced concrete plate that side is provided with embedded iron parts, is provided with pre-buried suspension hook at reinforced concrete plate sidewall, the baffler that the lower edge of side bottom assembly is provided with laterally and extends to oblique below.
The construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel is following:
Step 1, on desire excavation zone, be provided with and be used to hang construction and control the assembly frame that construction descends and the boom hoisting of the assembly that is used to sling;
Step 2, primary excavation make up the hole: below the assembly frame, excavate, and behind the excavation certain depth, the sidewall fixed form in the structure hole of excavating;
Step 3, installation component: adopt boom hoisting that the side bottom assembly is hung in the primary excavation structure hole and carry out assembly unit;
Step 4, add the liquid filler: construction with make up place, slit between the hole and pour into and be used to reduce construction decline resistance and prevent to make up the liquid filler that hole earth caves in;
Step 5, deep-cut and make up the hole: continue to excavate downwards and make up the hole, adopt the high pressure mode to pour into the liquid filler, and loosen boom hoisting and make the side bottom construction sink; After the side bottom construction sinks down into certain depth, hang new side assembly, splice in side bottom construction upper edge; Continue afterwards to sink; In the time of side construction sinking certain depth, continue to hang and come new side assembly to splice, circulate successively up to arriving projected depth.
The invention has the advantages that: 1, construction cost is low; Owing to adopt the mode of building while excavating, avoided traditional approach to need elder generation's excavation in the defective of building existing earth landslide, the constructor is also lowered simultaneously; 2 speed of applications are fast; All templates adopt the mode of assembly unit, can realize the mode of the building while excavating simultaneously, the speed of application of raising.
Description of drawings
The structural representation of Fig. 1 side bottom assembly;
The structural representation of Fig. 2 side assembly;
The structural representation of Fig. 3 side bottom member and wall
Structural representation after Fig. 4 side bottom construction and the combination of side construction
Fig. 5 pieces together the structural representation after the frame assembling;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of base plate;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of column;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of crossbeam.
Label declaration
11 side bottom assemblies, 12 side bottom constructions, 21 side assemblies, 22 side constructions, 23 bafflers;
31 base plates, 32 columns, 33 crossbeams, 34 cucurbits, the supporting stake of 35 foundation excavations;
41 embedded iron parts, 42 pre-buried suspension hooks;
51 liquid fillers, 52 desires excavation zone, 53 carrier pipes.
The specific embodiment
Shown in Fig. 1-3: it is combined to form by the construction that two kinds of assemblies are spliced to form, and is respectively side bottom construction 12 that plurality of side base assemblies 11 is spliced to form and is combined by the side construction 22 that side assembly 21 is spliced to form; Described side assembly is the reinforced concrete plate that side is provided with embedded iron parts 41, is provided with pre-buried suspension hook at reinforced concrete plate sidewall; The side bottom assembly is the reinforced concrete plate that side is provided with embedded iron parts; Be provided with pre-buried suspension hook 42 at reinforced concrete plate sidewall; The effect of the embedded iron parts in side assembly and the side bottom assembly is mainly in the process that assembly is connected; Weld between the embedded iron parts with adjacent in twos assembly, be used for connection between the reinforcing elements, the baffler 23 that the lower edge of side bottom assembly is provided with laterally and extends to oblique below.Wherein the outer side edges of baffler is perpendicular to the surface area of horizontal plane and the outer side edges area greater than the baffler cross section.Because in the process that construction descends; So construction and make up between the hole and be provided with the liquid filler, and flowing out for fear of the liquid filler is at the baffler that is provided with laterally below the side bottom construction and extends below tiltedly; Baffler plays the effect that the liquid filler avoids the liquid filler to spill of accepting; In order to improve effect, thus with the outer side edges of baffler perpendicular to the surface area of horizontal plane and outer side edges area greater than the baffler cross section, improve baffler and the contact area that makes up the hole; Baffler can also play the effect of scoop in addition, is used for rooting out the baffler a spot of earth effect in below.
For guarantee the liquid filler can smooth delivery of power to below, be provided with carrier pipe 53 at the lateral wall of construction, the discharge end of carrier pipe is positioned at the baffler top of side bottom construction.Liquid filler 51 can be filled the gap that produces in the construction decline process at once like this, avoids making up the earth avalanche of hole sidewall.
In order to cooperate said structure, need the following method of collocation to use:
Step 1, on desire excavation zone, be provided with and be used to hang construction and control the assembly frame that construction descends and the boom hoisting of the assembly that is used to sling; Shown in Fig. 5~8: wherein piece together frame and comprise base plate 31, column 32, crossbeam 33, cucurbit 34; Described column is fixed on the base plate face; Some root posts are arranged at the edge in desire excavation zone, and the top between the column is provided with crossbeam in twos, on crossbeam, is fixed with cucurbit; The main body of described base plate is a block plate, is provided with the i iron of some horizontal strokes, vertical staggered stationary arrangement at the steel plate upper surface; Column is an i iron, the following section welding of column i iron or through bolt on base plate, the upper surface of column i iron is welded with steel plate, described crossbeam is an i iron, the two ends of crossbeam through bolt on the steel plate of column upper surface.By above-mentioned requirements fixing after, the effect of suspension construction has been erected in whole assembly, is specially construction is hung on cucurbit through suspension hook, empties when making that construction is unsettled when the earth of construction below, the rope that loosens each cucurbit simultaneously makes construction sink.
Sometimes, desire excavation region area is bigger, can in desire is excavated the zone, be provided with the supporting stake 35 of foundation excavation, will piece together frame and be arranged on the supporting stake of foundation excavation and go up and get final product, can prolong crossbeam like this, makes that piecing together frame covers whole desire and excavate regional.
Though stack along with the construction number of plies; The gross weight of construction will increase, and also because the increasing of the construction number of plies, construction also increased with the contact surface that makes up the hole inside wall at that time; The frictional force of receiving also increases, so the weight that cucurbit is born does not have too big variation.
Boom hoisting is crane or the pillar crane of fixing.Can certainly as long as can realize construction is sling to making up the top, hole, be convenient to construction and get final product for other install.
Step 2, primary excavation make up the hole: piece together frame below carry out excavation just, behind the excavation certain depth, the inside wall fixed form in the structure hole of excavation; Just the degree of depth of excavation is 0.5m---1.5m, and sidewall has been squeezed into several timbers in the structure hole of primary excavation, and template is fixed on the timber through planking nail.
In order to prevent the structure hole sidewall soil avalanche of primary excavation, the template that hole sidewall setting prevents the soil avalanche need made up.
Step 3, installation component: adopt boom hoisting that the side bottom assembly is hung in the primary excavation structure hole and carry out assembly unit; Be specially side bottom assembly assembling combination; Mainly be that the pattern that the side bottom assembly of side bottom construction is cheated according to structure is spliced; Connecting method is to weld formation side bottom construction again after side bottom assembly side is coated the clay connection, and the seam crossing of the side bottom construction outside, splicing is provided with water-repellent paint and is provided with water-repellent paint layer and canvas cloth with canvas cloth and side bottom construction lateral wall layer by layer.Just can decontrol construction after the assembly unit, the pre-buried suspension hook of construction is sling, hang on the corresponding cucurbit.
Step 4, add the liquid filler: construction with make up place, slit between the hole and pour into and be used to reduce construction decline resistance and prevent to make up the liquid filler that hole earth caves in; The liquid filler is a mud, and the distance in the slit between construction and the structure hole is at 20~40mm.
Step 5, deep-cut and make up the hole: continue to excavate downwards and make up the hole, adopt the high pressure mode to pour into the liquid filler, and loosen boom hoisting and make the side bottom construction sink; After the side bottom construction sinks down into certain depth, hang new side assembly, splice in side bottom construction upper edge; Continue afterwards to sink; In the time of side construction sinking certain depth, continue to hang and come new side assembly to splice, circulate successively up to arriving projected depth.
The connected mode of side construction is for splicing the side assembly according to the pattern that makes up the hole; Connecting method is to weld formation side construction again after side assembly side is coated the clay connection; Afterwards side construction or the side construction that is welded in this construction below, side after clay connects again coated in the lower edge of side construction, side bottom construction and the side construction outside, the seam crossing that splices are provided with water-repellent paint and are provided with water-repellent paint layer by layer and canvas cloth with canvas cloth and side construction lateral wall layer by layer; Under when digging, need excavate the earth of the below of the side bottom member baffler in the construction and make baffler be unsettled placement, slowly put down construction afterwards, contact to earth up to construction.
In general, can be after integral construction be accomplished, the place, slit carries out consolidation process with the cement powder spray piling.

Claims (10)

1. underground construction of pin-connected panel; It is characterized in that: it is combined to form by the construction that two kinds of assemblies are spliced to form, and is respectively side bottom construction (12) that plurality of side base assemblies (11) is spliced to form and is combined by the side construction (22) that side assembly (21) is spliced to form; Described side assembly is the reinforced concrete plate that side is provided with embedded iron parts (41), is provided with pre-buried suspension hook (42) at reinforced concrete plate sidewall; The side bottom assembly is the reinforced concrete plate that side is provided with embedded iron parts, is provided with pre-buried suspension hook at reinforced concrete plate sidewall, the baffler (23) that the lower edge of side bottom assembly is provided with laterally and extends to oblique below.
2. the underground construction of a kind of pin-connected panel according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the outer side edges of described baffler is perpendicular to the surface area of horizontal plane and the outer side edges area greater than the baffler cross section.
3. the underground construction of a kind of pin-connected panel according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the lateral wall at construction is provided with carrier pipe (53), and the discharge end of carrier pipe is positioned at the baffler top of side bottom construction.
4. the construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel is characterized in that:
Step 1, on desire excavation zone (52), be provided with and be used to hang construction and control the assembly frame that construction descends and the boom hoisting of the assembly that is used to sling;
Step 2, primary excavation make up the hole: piece together frame below carry out excavation just, behind the excavation certain depth, the inside wall fixed form in the structure hole of excavation;
Step 3, installation component: adopt boom hoisting that the side bottom assembly is hung in the primary excavation structure hole and carry out assembly unit;
Step 4, add the liquid filler: construction with make up place, slit between the hole and pour into and be used to reduce construction decline resistance and prevent to make up the liquid filler (51) that hole earth caves in;
Step 5, deep-cut and make up the hole: continue to excavate downwards and make up the hole, adopt the high pressure mode to pour into the liquid filler, and loosen boom hoisting and make the side bottom construction sink; After the side bottom construction sinks down into certain depth, hang new side assembly, splice in side bottom construction upper edge; Continue afterwards to sink; In the time of side construction sinking certain depth, continue to hang and come new side assembly to splice, circulate successively up to arriving projected depth.
5. the construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: the assembly frame in the step 1 comprises base plate (31), column (32), crossbeam (33), cucurbit (43); Described column is fixed on the base plate face, and some root posts are arranged at the edge in desire excavation zone, and the top between the column is provided with crossbeam in twos; On crossbeam, be fixed with cucurbit, boom hoisting is crane or the pillar crane of fixing.
6. the construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the main body of described base plate is a block plate, is provided with the i iron of some horizontal strokes, vertical staggered stationary arrangement at the steel plate upper surface; Column is an i iron, the following section welding of column i iron or through bolt on base plate, the upper surface of column i iron is welded with steel plate, described crossbeam is an i iron, the two ends of crossbeam through bolt on the steel plate of column upper surface.
7. the construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the degree of depth of just excavating in the step 2 is 0.5m---1.5m, and sidewall has been squeezed into several timbers in the structure hole of primary excavation, and template is fixed on the timber through planking nail.
8. the construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: in the step 3 with side bottom assembly assembling combination; Mainly be that the pattern that the side bottom assembly of side bottom construction is cheated according to structure is spliced; Connecting method is to weld formation side bottom construction again after side bottom assembly side is coated the clay connection, and the seam crossing of the side bottom construction outside, splicing is provided with water-repellent paint and is provided with water-repellent paint layer and canvas cloth with canvas cloth and side bottom construction lateral wall layer by layer.
9. the construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the liquid filler in the step 4 is a mud, and the distance in the slit between construction and the structure hole is at 20~40mm.
10. the construction method of the underground construction of pin-connected panel according to claim 4; It is characterized in that: step 5: the connected mode of side construction is for splicing the side assembly according to the pattern that makes up the hole; Connecting method is to weld formation side construction again after side assembly side is coated the clay connection; Afterwards side construction or the side construction that is welded in this construction below, side after clay connects again coated in the lower edge of side construction, side bottom construction and the side construction outside, the seam crossing that splices are provided with water-repellent paint and are provided with water-repellent paint layer by layer and canvas cloth with canvas cloth and side construction lateral wall layer by layer; Under when digging, need excavate the earth of the below of the side bottom member baffler in the construction and make baffler be unsettled placement, slowly put down construction afterwards, contact to earth up to construction.
CN201210058803.3A 2012-03-06 2012-03-06 Assembly type underground structure and construction method thereof Active CN102561393B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210058803.3A CN102561393B (en) 2012-03-06 2012-03-06 Assembly type underground structure and construction method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210058803.3A CN102561393B (en) 2012-03-06 2012-03-06 Assembly type underground structure and construction method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102561393A true CN102561393A (en) 2012-07-11
CN102561393B CN102561393B (en) 2014-05-14

Family

ID=46407872

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210058803.3A Active CN102561393B (en) 2012-03-06 2012-03-06 Assembly type underground structure and construction method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102561393B (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103912010A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-09 北京城建设计发展集团股份有限公司 Construction method of open excavation prefabricated underground structure
CN106088154A (en) * 2016-08-16 2016-11-09 黄竟强 Prefabricated assembled underground silo compound shaft construction method and silo structure

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2318263Y (en) * 1997-08-08 1999-05-12 肖俊义 Assembly combined sinking pipe
CN2459375Y (en) * 2000-09-12 2001-11-14 北京紫东盒子房厂 Prefabricated reinforced concrete assembling structure
JP2004092276A (en) * 2002-09-03 2004-03-25 Jfe Metal Products & Engineering Inc Peripheral face friction reducing method at immersion of caisson and caisson body
JP3602170B2 (en) * 1994-10-14 2004-12-15 ミサワホーム株式会社 Precast concrete connecting members
CN202144598U (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-02-15 邹宗煊 Sunk type underground structure
CN202440834U (en) * 2012-03-06 2012-09-19 长乐杭辉日用品有限公司 Spliced type underground structure

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP3602170B2 (en) * 1994-10-14 2004-12-15 ミサワホーム株式会社 Precast concrete connecting members
CN2318263Y (en) * 1997-08-08 1999-05-12 肖俊义 Assembly combined sinking pipe
CN2459375Y (en) * 2000-09-12 2001-11-14 北京紫东盒子房厂 Prefabricated reinforced concrete assembling structure
JP2004092276A (en) * 2002-09-03 2004-03-25 Jfe Metal Products & Engineering Inc Peripheral face friction reducing method at immersion of caisson and caisson body
CN202144598U (en) * 2011-06-21 2012-02-15 邹宗煊 Sunk type underground structure
CN202440834U (en) * 2012-03-06 2012-09-19 长乐杭辉日用品有限公司 Spliced type underground structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103912010A (en) * 2014-04-04 2014-07-09 北京城建设计发展集团股份有限公司 Construction method of open excavation prefabricated underground structure
CN106088154A (en) * 2016-08-16 2016-11-09 黄竟强 Prefabricated assembled underground silo compound shaft construction method and silo structure
CN106088154B (en) * 2016-08-16 2018-05-25 黄竟强 Prefabricated assembled underground silo compound shaft construction method and silo structure

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102561393B (en) 2014-05-14

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102720140B (en) Large-span prestress concrete continuous beam deepwater pier construction process
KR20090094555A (en) Top-down underground construction method using prefabricated concrete column member as temporary bridge column
CN103195076B (en) Muddy Bottoms deep-excavation tower crane foundation construction method
CN104264688B (en) Manually digging hole non-uniform pile support construction process
CN102767180A (en) Construction method for strengthening base of static-pressure anchor rod pile
CN102352590A (en) Method for splicing highfill roadbed by adopting pile-sheet retaining wall
CN201053123Y (en) Deep foundation ditch tower crane platform base frame
CN106013052A (en) Steel sheet pile and open caisson combined underground garage and construction method thereof
CN102286980B (en) Steel truss foundation pit supporting structure
CN100443673C (en) Method of construction
CN102434717A (en) Construction method of joist steel pipe-jacking work pit
CN108277814A (en) Stake top counterfort wall supporting construction and construction method
CN106013053A (en) Steel sheet pile support construction method for building underground garage open caisson
CN110241828A (en) The outer sealing construction method for supporting of anchor in a kind of row's grating tubular pole grouting behind shaft or drift lining
CN106245927B (en) A kind of method and building suitable for frame structure building underground increasing layer
KR20070024148A (en) Pass way construction method below the existing foundation
CN102561393B (en) Assembly type underground structure and construction method thereof
CN204199296U (en) Based on the foundation pit supporting construction of old outer wall of basement structure
CN105926635B (en) A kind of vertical rectangular prefabricated components construction equipment, assembly and construction method
CN202440834U (en) Spliced type underground structure
CN204590059U (en) A kind of combined type tower-crane foundation structure
CN203411993U (en) Simple and fast retaining wall
CN205591230U (en) Prefabricated assembly underground continuous wall construction equipment and construction assembly
CN206769047U (en) A kind of steel lattice column and bored concrete pile attachment structure
CN206368375U (en) A kind of electric power pylon basis

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20190404

Address after: 350211 Xuzhu 194, Fengyang Village, Jinfeng Town, Changle City, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province

Patentee after: Xu Dianqian

Address before: 350000 Xu Zhu, Fengyang Village, Jinfeng Town, Changle City, Fuzhou City, Fujian Province

Patentee before: Changle Hanghui Daily Products Co., Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right