CN102515892B - Biomass organic fertilizer and its processing method - Google Patents

Biomass organic fertilizer and its processing method Download PDF

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CN102515892B
CN102515892B CN 201110328791 CN201110328791A CN102515892B CN 102515892 B CN102515892 B CN 102515892B CN 201110328791 CN201110328791 CN 201110328791 CN 201110328791 A CN201110328791 A CN 201110328791A CN 102515892 B CN102515892 B CN 102515892B
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livestock
organic fertilizer
account
dregs
accounts
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CN 201110328791
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CN102515892A (en
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周玉涛
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周玉涛
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Abstract

The biomass organic fertilizer provided by the invention contains the following components of: by weight, 18-34% of animal manure, 1-3% of tea slag, 5-6% of waste vinasse, distiller dried grain and alcohol mash, 2-3% of food waste, 1-2% of coffee slag, 12-13% of aquatic product leftover, 18-20% of livestock meat processed leftover, 1-2% of feather, 3-4% of livestock slaughtered leftover, 17-18% of livestock and poultry shot dead, 1-2% of waste oyster shell, 2-3% of fruit and vegetable residues, 1-2% of bean dregs, 1-2% of pig hair and 1-2% of botanical traditional Chinese herb residue. Through a sampling test, fertilizer efficiency of nitrogen, phosphor and potassium reaches 20-25%. The biomass organic fertilizer provided by the invention greatly improves soil, and has advantages of high activity, high utilization rate, no secondary pollution and green environmental protection.

Description

Biomass organic fertilizer and working method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of biomass organic fertilizer and working method thereof.
Background technology
Organic waste often is regarded as rubbish and is sent to refuse tip, incinerator or arbitrarily throws aside.The sanitary landfill method in refuse tip is a large problem to the acquisition in following place.Incinerator because of the high-moisture of waste, except very easily causing seepage, also affects the height of incinerator efficient, more directly tests the length in incinerator body life-span.In the 21 century of height environmental consciousness, the pollution nuisance that organic waste directly or indirectly causes compared with other problem of environmental pollution, goes even farther in fact.
For above-mentioned situation, a kind of method that above-mentioned organic waste is made into fertilizer has appearred in industry.As everyone knows, crop growth must have nitrogen, phosphorus and the large element of potassium three.And in existing fertilizer, the fertilizer efficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium is all very low, does not reach the requirement of farm crop Fast Growth.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide that a kind of fertilizer efficiency is high, the biomass organic fertilizer of environmental protection again.The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for that 18%-34%, tea grounds account for that 1%-3%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for that 5%-6%, kitchen remaining 2%-3%, coffee grounds 1%-2%, aquatic products tankage 12%-13%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for that 18%-20%, feather account for 1%-2%, slaughtering tankage 3%-4%, the dead livestock and poultry 17%-18% that gets killed, discarded oyster shells 1%-2%, fruit and vegetable residue 2%-3%, bean dregs 1%-2%, pig hair 1%-2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%-2%.
Further, the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 18%, tea grounds accounts for 3%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 6%, the kitchen Yu 3%, coffee grounds 2%, aquatic products tankage 13%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 20%, feather accounts for 2%, slaughtering tankage 4%, the dead livestock and poultry 18% that get killed, discard oyster shells 2%, fruit and vegetable residue 3%, bean dregs 2%, pig hair 2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 2%.
Further, the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 34%, tea grounds accounts for 1%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 5%, the kitchen Yu 2%, coffee grounds 1%, aquatic products tankage 12%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 18%, feather accounts for 1%, slaughtering tankage 3%, the dead livestock and poultry 17% that get killed, discard oyster shells 1%, fruit and vegetable residue 2%, bean dregs 1%, pig hair 1% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%.
Further, the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 25%, tea grounds accounts for 2%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 5%, the kitchen Yu 3%, coffee grounds 2%, aquatic products tankage 12%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 19%, feather accounts for 2%, slaughtering tankage 3%, the dead livestock and poultry 17% that get killed, discard oyster shells 2%, fruit and vegetable residue 3%, bean dregs 2%, pig hair 2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%.
Another technical problem that the present invention will solve is to provide that a kind of fertilizer efficiency is high, the working method of the biomass organic fertilizer of environmental protection again.The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme: comprise the following steps: at first, said components is mixed in proportion carries out thermophilic fermentation after smashing, and then each component after fermenting is mixed into the fertilizer work in-process, then the fertilizer work in-process are completed little particle packing by screening.
Further, after also being included in screening, macrobead being smashed to become the small-particle packing again complete.
Biomass organic fertilizer of the present invention contains a large amount of necessary nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium of confession crop growth, through inspection by sampling, the fertilizer efficiency of nitrogen wherein, phosphorus and potassium has all reached 20%-25%, has improved widely soil, and its activity is high, utilization ratio is high, and non-secondary pollution, environmental protection.
Embodiment
The component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for that 18%-34%, tea grounds account for that 1%-3%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for that 5%-6%, kitchen remaining 2%-3%, coffee grounds 1%-2%, aquatic products tankage 12%-13%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for that 18%-20%, feather account for 1%-2%, slaughtering tankage 3%-4%, the dead livestock and poultry 17%-18% that gets killed, discarded oyster shells 1%-2%, fruit and vegetable residue 2%-3%, bean dregs 1%-2%, pig hair 1%-2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%-2%.Through inspection by sampling, the fertilizer efficiency of nitrogen wherein, phosphorus and potassium has all reached 20%-25%.It has improved soil widely, and its activity is high, and utilization ratio is high, and non-secondary pollution, environmental protection.
Embodiment one:
The component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 18%, tea grounds accounts for 3%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 6%, the kitchen Yu 3%, coffee grounds 2%, aquatic products tankage 13%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 20%, feather accounts for 2%, slaughtering tankage 4%, the dead livestock and poultry 18% that get killed, discard oyster shells 2%, fruit and vegetable residue 3%, bean dregs 2%, pig hair 2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 2%.
Its working method comprises the following steps: at first, said components is mixed in proportion carries out thermophilic fermentation after smashing, and then each component after fermenting is mixed into the fertilizer work in-process, then the fertilizer work in-process are completed little particle packing by screening.Separately, macrobead being smashed to become again the small-particle packing after screening completes.
Be the growth-promoting effect of checking the present invention to various farm crop, carried out following contrast experiment:
Choose respectively each two strains of capsicum, tealeaves, passion fruit and plant, wherein a strain capsicum, tealeaves, passion fruit are imposed this biomass organic fertilizer, another strain capsicum, tealeaves, passion fruit are imposed chicken manure; After one month, then compare respectively, draw to draw a conclusion: 1, from the outside, capsicum, tealeaves, passion fruit growing way that capsicum, tealeaves, the passion fruit that imposes this biomass organic fertilizer imposes chicken manure are good, and riotous growth; 2, excavate near soil root with army banjo, wash away with water the soil that is attached to root and see the root growth situation, the root mass of using this biomass organic fertilizer grows densely, and downwards, more to the good , Shall of side growth situation root part; Use the root growth situation of chicken manure, root mass is obviously used lacking of this biomass organic fertilizer, and root is more shallow and the less , Shall of root root part that stretch toward the both sides is also less.
Embodiment two:
Be with embodiment one difference: the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 34%, tea grounds accounts for 1%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 5%, the kitchen Yu 2%, coffee grounds 1%, aquatic products tankage 12%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 18%, feather accounts for 1%, slaughtering tankage 3%, the dead livestock and poultry 17% that get killed, discard oyster shells 1%, fruit and vegetable residue 2%, bean dregs 1%, pig hair 1% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%.The invention effect is identical with embodiment one.
Embodiment three:
Be with embodiment one difference: the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 25%, tea grounds accounts for 2%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 5%, the kitchen Yu 3%, coffee grounds 2%, aquatic products tankage 12%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 19%, feather accounts for 2%, slaughtering tankage 3%, the dead livestock and poultry 17% that get killed, discard oyster shells 2%, fruit and vegetable residue 3%, bean dregs 2%, pig hair 2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%.The invention effect is identical with embodiment one.
Biomass organic fertilizer of the present invention contains a large amount of necessary nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium of confession crop growth, through the sampling experiment, the fertilizer efficiency of nitrogen wherein, phosphorus and potassium has all reached 20%-25%, has improved widely soil, and its activity is high, utilization ratio is high, and non-secondary pollution, environmental protection.
Below the present invention is described in detail, the above only is the present invention's preferred embodiment, when not limiting the scope of the present invention, namely allly does impartial change and modify according to the application's scope, all should still belong in covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. biomass organic fertilizer, it is characterized in that: the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for that 18%-34%, tea grounds account for that 1%-3%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for that 5%-6%, kitchen remaining 2%-3%, coffee grounds 1%-2%, aquatic products tankage 12%-13%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for that 18%-20%, feather account for 1%-2%, slaughtering tankage 3%-4%, the dead livestock and poultry 17%-18% that gets killed, discarded oyster shells 1%-2%, fruit and vegetable residue 2%-3%, bean dregs 1%-2%, pig hair 1%-2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%-2%.
2. biomass organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 18%, tea grounds accounts for 3%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 6%, the kitchen Yu 3%, coffee grounds 2%, aquatic products tankage 13%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 20%, feather accounts for 2%, slaughtering tankage 4%, the dead livestock and poultry 18% that get killed, discard oyster shells 2%, fruit and vegetable residue 3%, bean dregs 2%, pig hair 2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 2%.
3. biomass organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 34%, tea grounds accounts for 1%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 5%, the kitchen Yu 2%, coffee grounds 1%, aquatic products tankage 12%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 18%, feather accounts for 1%, slaughtering tankage 3%, the dead livestock and poultry 17% that get killed, discard oyster shells 1%, fruit and vegetable residue 2%, bean dregs 1%, pig hair 1% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%.
4. biomass organic fertilizer according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the component of this biomass organic fertilizer and weight percent are: manure of livestock and poultry accounts for 25%, tea grounds accounts for 2%, useless vinasse, the wine dregs of rice and alcohol wine with dregs account for 5%, the kitchen Yu 3%, coffee grounds 2%, aquatic products tankage 12%, fowl livestock products meat processing fent account for 19%, feather accounts for 2%, slaughtering tankage 3%, the dead livestock and poultry 17% that get killed, discard oyster shells 2%, fruit and vegetable residue 3%, bean dregs 2%, pig hair 2% and vegetalitas Chinese medicine slag 1%.
5. the working method of a biomass organic fertilizer as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, comprise the following steps: at first, said components is mixed in proportion carries out thermophilic fermentation after smashing, and then each component after fermenting is mixed into the fertilizer work in-process, then the fertilizer work in-process are completed little particle packing by screening.
6. the working method of biomass organic fertilizer according to claim 5, is characterized in that: after also being included in screening, macrobead being smashed to become the small-particle packing again complete.
CN 201110328791 2011-10-26 2011-10-26 Biomass organic fertilizer and its processing method CN102515892B (en)

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CN102924136A (en) * 2012-11-01 2013-02-13 南京农业大学 Process for utilizing abandoned feathers to produce special bio-organic fertilizer for bananas and product thereof
CN102910974B (en) * 2012-11-08 2016-04-20 青岛嘉禾丰肥业有限公司 A kind of can the preparation method of fertilizer of sterilization and disinfestation
CN103250532B (en) * 2013-04-17 2014-12-17 池州市天健生态农业发展有限公司 Selenium supplement method for cultivating chrysanthemum
CN103351185B (en) * 2013-07-09 2014-08-20 德宏后谷咖啡有限公司 Coffee residue organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103755495B (en) * 2013-12-25 2016-04-27 合肥华创现代农业科技有限公司 A kind of insect protected new type compound fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN103787765A (en) * 2014-01-21 2014-05-14 枞阳县白云生态园林有限责任公司 Multifunctional synergistic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN104447019A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-03-25 张秀丽 Compound microbial organic fertilizer and preparation method thereof
CN105110976A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-02 马英臣 Special fertilizer for cabbage planting
CN105753606A (en) * 2016-03-09 2016-07-13 广东海洋大学 Method of utilizing aquatic product viscera and oyster shells to prepare organic fertilizer
CN106518301A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-22 高鹏 Efficient cultivation fertilizer for lobular crowndaisy chrysanthemum and preparation method thereof
CN106631181A (en) * 2016-12-29 2017-05-10 广西北部湾制药股份有限公司 Nutritional agent for tobacco planting
CN107129360A (en) * 2017-05-12 2017-09-05 广西金花茶业有限公司 The method that fruit-specific fertilizer is produced as raw material using Jasmine slag, tea dust
CN107912609A (en) * 2017-11-15 2018-04-17 湖南耶啰耶兔业发展有限公司 A kind of biology aquaculture fertilizer and preparation method thereof

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CN101874445A (en) * 2009-12-02 2010-11-03 山东沂源至信现代农业开发有限公司 Method for culturing organic Chinese chives

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