CN102501773A - Power generation device matched with automobile brake - Google Patents

Power generation device matched with automobile brake Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102501773A
CN102501773A CN2011103311367A CN201110331136A CN102501773A CN 102501773 A CN102501773 A CN 102501773A CN 2011103311367 A CN2011103311367 A CN 2011103311367A CN 201110331136 A CN201110331136 A CN 201110331136A CN 102501773 A CN102501773 A CN 102501773A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
brake
piston
electrical generator
generator
gear
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011103311367A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程鹏
李峰岩
张敬南
兰海
李纪辉
张强
刘宏达
田凯
王庚
秦鹏
Original Assignee
哈尔滨工程大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 哈尔滨工程大学 filed Critical 哈尔滨工程大学
Priority to CN2011103311367A priority Critical patent/CN102501773A/en
Publication of CN102501773A publication Critical patent/CN102501773A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

The invention aims at providing a power generation device matched with an automobile brake, which comprises a brake pedal, a piston, a generator, a capacitor and a vehicle-mounted storage battery. The generator comprises a rotor and a stator, the brake pedal is connected with the piston through a flexible hose, the piston is connected with the generator, and the capacitor and the vehicle-mounted storage battery are connected in parallel and then connected with the generator. The power generation device matched with the automobile brake prevents the work of the generator from influencing the normal running speed of an automobile, can convert part of kinetic power into power energy to be stored and recycled during brake and further enhance brake effects of a brake system while saving energy, reduces abrasion strength of the brake system, and prolongs service life of the brake system.

Description

A kind of power generation assembly that matches with braking automobile
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of power generation assembly, specifically is applied to the power generation assembly on the automobile.
Background technology
The automobile of exercising on the road at present is more and more, and the energy-saving and emission-reduction of automobile are large focal spots of current social concerns, are the problems that need solve as early as possible.The principle of brake system is to produce huge friction force on the automobile, the kinetic energy of automobile is converted into heat energy, and is dispersed in the air.If when brake, be converted into electric energy to a part of kinetic energy of automobile, can reach certain effects of energy saving and emission reduction, can prolong the service life of brake system again.For the license notification number is that CN 201726237U, name are called " brake electrical generator " a kind of brake electrical generator that is positioned at the Automobile shaft outside is provided, and the electrical generator inboard comprises ball, group of magnets and power connection.But; Because the modern automobile structure design is very compact, this patent is difficult to realize: the Automobile shaft outside does not have the position this " brake electrical generator " can be installed, in addition; How " brake electrical generator " is used with brake system, and how the electricity that sends problem such as uses does not all have to solve.For the patent No. is that ZL 200720147334.7, name are called " brake generator " patent a kind of brake generator is provided; Comprise brake dynamic brake device, discharge and recharge modulator, discharge and recharge memory device; The rotor shaft of brake dynamic brake device and the power take-off shaft of self-propelled vehicle are complementary through gear; But where brake dynamic brake device is installed in, and gear is fixed on what position, during brake; The rotor shaft of brake dynamic brake device is combined with the power take-off shaft of self-propelled vehicle, all do not have to set forth.For application number be 03137467.7, name is called " energy circulation is utilized method " patent that a kind of brake generating energy-storage device is provided, the outer ring is the wheel of self-propelled vehicle, during brake; Promote the power wheel of brake power generation assembly; Make it to contact the wheel inner ring, the wheel inner ring drives the rotation of electrical generator power wheel and causes the power generation assembly generating during brake, but the locus at the wheel of modern automotive and power take-off shaft place is very little; Where the power wheel of brake power generation assembly is fixed on; How to contact the wheel inner ring, and the position of power wheel and the electrical generator power wheel of brake power generation assembly conflicts with the position of the clamp that brake, be difficult to realization.
Summary of the invention
The power generation assembly that a kind of and braking automobile that the object of the present invention is to provide remaining kinetic energy when a part braked to be converted into electric energy matches.
The objective of the invention is to realize like this:
A kind of power generation assembly that matches with braking automobile of the present invention; It is characterized in that: comprise brake pedal, piston, electrical generator, electric capacity, Vehicular accumulator cell; Described electrical generator comprises rotor and stator; Brake pedal connects piston through flexible pipe, and piston connects electrical generator, and electric capacity links to each other in electrical generator with Vehicular accumulator cell and Lian Lianhou.
The present invention can also comprise:
1, electrical generator is installed on the wheel rim and around brake disc and settles; Described piston connects the stator of electrical generator; When stepping on brake pedal, brake pedal promotes piston motion, thus the corresponding generating of the stator of piston pushing generator with the rotor-position of electrical generator.
2, also comprise gear and gear ring; Electrical generator is positioned at the inboard of brake disc, and electrical generator links to each other with gear with piston respectively, and gear ring is installed on the brake disc; When stepping on brake pedal; Brake pedal promotes piston motion, and piston promotes driving engine and gear and makes gear and the gear ring engagement, and brake disc drives generator for electricity generation.
Advantage of the present invention is: the present invention has avoided electrical generator work to the automobile normal running velocity effect.When brake, can a part of kinetic energy be converted into electric energy and store utilization again.In energy savings, can also strengthen the braking effect of brake system, reduced the tear strength of brake system, increased the service life of brake system.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 2 is the side schematic view of embodiment of the present invention 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 4 is the side schematic view of embodiment of the present invention 2;
Fig. 5 is a circuit diagram of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
For example the present invention is done description in more detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing:
Embodiment 1:
In conjunction with Fig. 1,2,5, brake system is by brake clamp 12, piston 4, and flexible pipe 9, master cylinder 7, brake pedal 10 are formed.Master cylinder 7, brake hose 9 are formed a cover hydraulic efficiency pressure system with piston 4, are full of brake solution in the brake hose 9.Just the brake solution in master cylinder 7 is exerted pressure when chaufeur is stepped on brake pedal 10; Brake solution is delivered to pressure on the piston 4 of brake clamp through brake hose 9; Piston 4 drives brake clamp 12 and clamps brake discs 5, makes car retardation or stops thereby producing huge friction force.
The present invention is made up of wheel rim 1, electrical generator outer rotor 2, stator 3, piston 6, brake power generation assembly master cylinder 8, flexible pipe 9, brake pedal 10, like Fig. 1, shown in 2.Equally, brake power generation assembly master cylinder 8, flexible pipe 9 are formed a cover hydraulic efficiency pressure system with piston 6, are full of brake solution in the flexible pipe 9.Wheel rim 1 is that the supporting construction and the tire of conventional tyre rotates together, also plays gearing, is fixed on the car chassis power take-off shaft through the goat's horn device.Electrical generator outer rotor 2 is to be made up of cast iron, corrosion-resistant steel and permanent magnet; Process the shell of electrical generator outer rotor by cast iron; The corrosion-resistant steel annulus is fixed on the cast iron housing; According to the size of wheel, size, power and the number of poles of design and definite electrical generator stick on corresponding permanent magnet on the corrosion-resistant steel annulus then.Outer rotor 2 is bonded together through seccotine and wheel rim 1, lets its Following Car rim of wheel together rotate.If distance is bigger between wheel rim 1 and the brake clamp 4, outer rotor 2 can be designed to Wound-rotor type, promptly is made up of cast iron, iron core and winding, and iron core is formed by silicon steel plate stacking, is fixed on the cast iron housing, and winding is placed in the groove unshakable in one's determination.Generator unit stator 3 links together through pipe link with piston 6, and piston is fixed on the automobile goat's horn, and when motor turning, when promptly two front vehicle wheels turned to, generator unit stator and rotor can rotate with wheel synchronously, did not influence the normal operation of electrical generator like this.Comprise stator core and winding in the stator 3.Through electric machine design and calculating, confirming has the air gap about 0.5mm between generator unit stator 3 and the outer rotor 2.Piston 6 connects with brake power generation assembly master cylinder 8 through flexible pipe.When automobile was not in the braking state cruising, generator unit stator 3 was separated from outer rotor 2, avoids increasing the resistance of automotive operation, does not influence automobile normal running speed.During brake, the pedal 10 as long as chaufeur one touches on the brake, piston 6 driving stators move to left and get into the work area, and electrical generator begins generating.Scheme one has also designed motor metal cap 11 simultaneously, prevents that dust, rainwater etc. from contacting with the winding or the permanent magnet of electrical generator stator and rotor, avoids the generation of faults such as short circuit, loss of excitation.
Generator unit stator 3 can not impact automobile driving speed not in the work area when automobile normal running.When chaufeur was stepped on brake pedal 10, brake power generation assembly master cylinder 8 driven plunger 6 were moved to the left piston 6 pushing generator stators 3 and get in the work area, and electrical generator gets into mode of operation, and the part kinetic energy during with brake is converted into electric energy.The three plase alternating current that electrical generator produces is connected to Vehicular accumulator cell through rectifying circuit, utilizes direct current (DC) to charge for Vehicular accumulator cell.Rectifying circuit is as shown in Figure 5, is made up of electrical generator 17, diode 19, electric capacity 20, Vehicular accumulator cell 21.Wherein two electric capacity are respectively applied for low-frequency fluctuation voltage and the high-frequency fluctuation voltage after the filtering rectification.
The power generation assembly of this specific embodiment is made up of wheel rim 1, electrical generator outer rotor 2, stator 3, piston 6, brake power generation assembly master cylinder 8, flexible pipe 9, brake pedal 10.Wheel rim 1 is that the supporting construction and the tire of conventional tyre rotates together, also plays gearing, is fixed on the car chassis power take-off shaft through the goat's horn device.Electrical generator outer rotor 2 is to be made up of cast iron, corrosion-resistant steel and permanent magnet; Process the shell of electrical generator outer rotor 2 by cast iron; The corrosion-resistant steel annulus is fixed on the cast iron housing; According to the size of wheel, size, power and the number of poles of design and definite electrical generator stick on corresponding permanent magnet on the corrosion-resistant steel annulus then.Outer rotor 2 is bonded together through seccotine and wheel rim 1, lets its Following Car rim of wheel 1 together rotate.Generator unit stator 3 links together through pipe link with piston 6, and piston is fixed on the automobile goat's horn, and when motor turning, when promptly two front vehicle wheels turned to, generator unit stator and rotor can rotate with wheel synchronously, did not influence the normal operation of electrical generator like this.Comprise stator core and winding in the stator 3.Through electric machine design and calculating, confirming has the air gap about 0.5mm between generator unit stator 3 and the outer rotor 2.Piston 6 connects with brake power generation assembly master cylinder 8 through flexible pipe 9.When automobile was not in the braking state cruising, generator unit stator 3 was separated from outer rotor 1, avoids increasing the resistance of automotive operation, does not influence the speed of automobile normal running.By piston 6 drivings stator 3 is moved to left during brake and get into the work area, electrical generator begins generating.The three plase alternating current that electrical generator sends is connected to Vehicular accumulator cell through rectifying circuit, utilizes direct current (DC) to charge for Vehicular accumulator cell.Rectifying circuit is referring to Fig. 5, and wherein two electric capacity are respectively applied for low-frequency fluctuation voltage and the high-frequency fluctuation voltage after the filtering rectification.Also designed motor metal cap 11 simultaneously, prevented that dust, rainwater etc. from contacting with the winding or the permanent magnet of electrical generator stator and rotor, avoids the generation of faults such as short circuit, loss of excitation.
Referring to Fig. 1,2,5, if distance is bigger between wheel rim 1 and the brake clamp 4, outer rotor 2 can be designed to Wound-rotor type; Promptly constitute by cast iron, iron core and winding; Iron core is formed by silicon steel plate stacking, is fixed on the cast iron housing, and winding is placed in the groove unshakable in one's determination.Other structures and principle of work are the same.
Embodiment 2:
The present invention is made up of gear ring 15, gear 16, electrical generator 17, piston 13, automobile goat's horn 14 and the flexible pipe 9 of brake disc 5, driving gear set, like Fig. 3, shown in 4.Automobile brake disc 5 is with wheel.The gear ring 15 of driving gear set, gear 16 can enough be become by soft relatively material, make structure be unlikely to too hard, and the transition when ensureing the beginning transmission is more smooth.Gear ring 15 is connected with brake disc 5, and gear ring 15 positions are in the middle part of brake disc 5, is unlikely to have influence on the work of brake clamp like this.Gear 16 is connected with electrical generator 17 rotor coaxials.Electrical generator 17 can adopt ripe minitype permanent magnetism electrical generator, and rotor adopts the surface to paste magnetic-type, and stator is three phase windings.Piston 13 adopts and braking automobile clamp piston similar products like, connects with brake power hydraulic system through flexible pipe 9, drives electrical generator work.Electrical generator 17 links together with piston 13 and is connected with automobile goat's horn 14, and in like manner, power generation assembly can rotate with wheel synchronously during turning.
Brake disc 5 together rotates with wheel during running car, and the gear ring 15 and the gear 16 of driving gear set are separated from, and prevent automobile driving speed is impacted.Equally, during brake, piston 13 pushing generators move to left and get into the work area, and promptly gear ring 15 is coupled with gear 16, and gear ring 15 passes to gear 16 with kinetic energy, and gear 16 drives electrical generators 17 work, produces electric energy.The promotion scope of piston 13 just makes driving cog wheel rim 15 and gear 16 be coupled.With embodiment 1 in like manner, connect rectifying circuit as shown in Figure 5 and be the Vehicular accumulator cell charging.
The power generation assembly of this specific embodiment is made up of gear ring 15, gear 16, electrical generator 17, piston 13, automobile goat's horn 14 and the flexible pipe 9 of brake disc 5, driving gear set.Automobile brake disc 5 is with wheel.The gear ring 15 of driving gear set, gear 16 can enough be become by soft relatively material, make structure be unlikely to too hard, and the transition when ensureing the beginning transmission is more smooth.Gear ring 15 is connected with brake disc 5, and gear ring 15 positions are in the middle part of brake disc 5, is unlikely to have influence on the work of brake clamp like this.Gear 16 is connected with electrical generator 17 rotor coaxials.Electrical generator 17 can adopt ripe minitype permanent magnetism electrical generator, and rotor adopts the surface to paste magnetic-type, and stator is three phase windings.Piston 13 adopts and braking automobile clamp piston similar products like, connects with brake power hydraulic system through flexible pipe 9, drives electrical generator work.Electrical generator 17 links together with piston 13 and is connected with automobile goat's horn 14, and in like manner, power generation assembly can rotate with wheel synchronously during turning.Electrical generator 13 output three plase alternating currents through rectifying circuit as shown in Figure 5, charge to Vehicular accumulator cell.

Claims (3)

1. power generation assembly that matches with braking automobile; It is characterized in that: comprise brake pedal, piston, electrical generator, electric capacity, Vehicular accumulator cell; Described electrical generator comprises rotor and stator; Brake pedal connects piston through flexible pipe, and piston connects electrical generator, and electric capacity links to each other in electrical generator with Vehicular accumulator cell and Lian Lianhou.
2. a kind of power generation assembly that matches with braking automobile according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: electrical generator is installed on the wheel rim and around brake disc and settles; Described piston connects the stator of electrical generator; When stepping on brake pedal, brake pedal promotes piston motion, thus the corresponding generating of the stator of piston pushing generator with the rotor-position of electrical generator.
3. a kind of power generation assembly that matches with braking automobile according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also comprise gear and gear ring, electrical generator is positioned at the inboard of brake disc; Electrical generator links to each other with gear with piston respectively; Gear ring is installed on the brake disc, and when stepping on brake pedal, brake pedal promotes piston motion; Piston promotes driving engine and gear and makes gear and the gear ring engagement, and brake disc drives generator for electricity generation.
CN2011103311367A 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Power generation device matched with automobile brake CN102501773A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103311367A CN102501773A (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Power generation device matched with automobile brake

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2011103311367A CN102501773A (en) 2011-10-27 2011-10-27 Power generation device matched with automobile brake

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN102501773A true CN102501773A (en) 2012-06-20

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103754118A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-30 刘铁奇 Power generation brake
WO2017124210A1 (en) * 2016-01-22 2017-07-27 吉好依轨 Technology for automatically controlling disc generators for wheels
CN112128281A (en) * 2020-10-20 2020-12-25 马少华 Symmetric multipoint monitoring wear early warning brake caliper

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2617618Y (en) * 2003-06-09 2004-05-26 苏益增 Electric power generator by recovered braking energy of assistant device of rail vehicle
CN200999010Y (en) * 2007-01-24 2008-01-02 练亦成 Automobile generating set
CN101544194A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-09-30 浙江大学 Automotive braking energy recovering device
CN101992697A (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-03-30 宋钊 Brake device capable of generating power
KR20110072387A (en) * 2009-12-22 2011-06-29 현대모비스 주식회사 Regenerative braking system for vehicle
CN202294336U (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-07-04 哈尔滨工程大学 Power generation device matched with vehicle brake

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2617618Y (en) * 2003-06-09 2004-05-26 苏益增 Electric power generator by recovered braking energy of assistant device of rail vehicle
CN200999010Y (en) * 2007-01-24 2008-01-02 练亦成 Automobile generating set
CN101544194A (en) * 2009-04-30 2009-09-30 浙江大学 Automotive braking energy recovering device
CN101992697A (en) * 2009-08-11 2011-03-30 宋钊 Brake device capable of generating power
KR20110072387A (en) * 2009-12-22 2011-06-29 현대모비스 주식회사 Regenerative braking system for vehicle
CN202294336U (en) * 2011-10-27 2012-07-04 哈尔滨工程大学 Power generation device matched with vehicle brake

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103754118A (en) * 2013-12-16 2014-04-30 刘铁奇 Power generation brake
WO2017124210A1 (en) * 2016-01-22 2017-07-27 吉好依轨 Technology for automatically controlling disc generators for wheels
CN112128281A (en) * 2020-10-20 2020-12-25 马少华 Symmetric multipoint monitoring wear early warning brake caliper

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Application publication date: 20120620