CN201002526Y - Electric bicycle with automatic charging function - Google Patents

Electric bicycle with automatic charging function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201002526Y
CN201002526Y CN 200620141443 CN200620141443U CN201002526Y CN 201002526 Y CN201002526 Y CN 201002526Y CN 200620141443 CN200620141443 CN 200620141443 CN 200620141443 U CN200620141443 U CN 200620141443U CN 201002526 Y CN201002526 Y CN 201002526Y
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CN
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Grant
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Prior art keywords
motor
battery
winding
electro
bicycle
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CN 200620141443
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
尹小东
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尹小东
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries

Abstract

The utility model refers to an electro bicycle with auto charging function, which includes frame, handle bar, wheel, foot-operated, battery, drive motor and motor controller. The drive motor is a motor with electro winding and generating winding. The motor controller is composed of the motor control circuit and charging control circuit separately connected with the electro winding and the generating winding as well as connected with the battery via the converter. The utility model adopts a compound motor integrated with electro winding a generating winding, which recycles the energy generated by the bicycle on flat gliding, downhill gliding as well as riding to convert the mechanical energy into the electrical energy automatically for battery charging. It prolongs the battery-supplied power time and increases the driving mileage of one time charging and cut the service cost. It is simple in structure and convenient in usage, which greatly increases the range ability as well as driving efficiency of the electro bicycle without increasing the battery capacity.

Description

一种带自动充电功能的电动自行车 Electric bicycle with an automatic charging function

技术领域 FIELD

本实用新型涉及一种电动自行车,特别是指一种带自动充电功能的电动自行车。 The present invention relates to an electric bicycle, particularly to a charging function with automatic electric bicycle. 背景技术 Background technique

电动自行车作为无环境污染、低噪音、节约能源,被称为绿色交通工具已受到广泛重视。 Electric bicycles as no environmental pollution, low noise, energy conservation, known as green transport has been widely attention. 特别是电动自行车由于其具有适宜的速度、 安全的骑行性能,已逐渐成为自行车的主要代替品而展示了广阔的市场前景。 Especially because of its electric bicycles suitable speed, safe riding performance, has gradually become the main substitute for bicycles and demonstrated a broad market prospect. 随着电池性能特别是其能源与寿命的较大提高以及电子控制技术的日渐成熟,电动自行车已成为新世纪人类轻型代步工具。 As the battery performance in particular its energy and life improved greatly and electronic control technology matures, the electric bicycle has become the new century, mankind lightweight means of transport.

一次充电可行驶里程长短是电动车最主要的技术性能指标之一, 它主要取决于能源、蓄电池容量的大小以及电机控制器系统能量转换效率的高低。 The length of a single charge driving range of electric vehicles is one of the most important technical performance indicators, which mainly depends on the level of energy, the size of the battery capacity and motor controller system energy conversion efficiency. 现有的电动自行车蓄电池容量有限,使得电动自行车行 The conventional electric bicycle battery capacity is limited, so that the electric bicycle is

驶里程在40公里-100公里的范围内, 一旦蓄电池电能耗尽,通常又需要充电3-8小时才能重新使用,如果蓄电池的电能在车辆运行途中耗尽,则给车主带来不便。 Driving range within a range of 40 km -100 km, once the battery power runs out, usually they need to be recharged 3-8 hours before re-use, if battery power runs out at the way the vehicle is running, the inconvenience to the owners.

而且电动自行车在骑行过程中处于电能消耗状态,在调速位零速位置或刹车把刹车断电情况下处滑行状态,电机则相应处于供电状态。 And the bicycle is in the riding electric power consumption state during at zero speed governor position or brake position where the brake off Xiachu coasting state, the corresponding motor is powered on. 目前由于一般电动自行车控制器均无回充电装置,因而在下坡滑行或刹车后系统的惯性能量完全被转化为机械能而白白浪费掉。 Since currently no generally the rechargeable electric bicycle controller means, thus downhill inertial energy of the system is completely transformed after coasting or braking of mechanical energy wasted. 发明内容 SUMMARY

本实用新型为了解决上述现有技术存在的不足之处,提供了一种结构简单,能自动回收剩余能量为蓄电池充电的电动自行车,提高了电动自行车一次充电的行驶里程。 The present invention to solve the above-described deficiencies present in the prior art, provides a simple structure and can automatically recover residual energy to charge the battery of the electric bicycle, electric bicycle improve a mileage charge.

为实现上述目的,本实用新型采用以下方案: 一种带自动充电功能的电动自行车,包括有车架、车把、车轮、脚踏、蓄电池、驱动电 To achieve the above object, the present invention uses the following scheme: with an automatic charging function of the electric bicycle, including a frame, handlebars, wheels, a foot, a battery, driving

机及电机控制器,所述的驱动电机为带有电动绕组和发电绕组的电动机,电机控制器由电机控制电路和充电控制电路组成,其分别与电动绕组和发电绕组连接,且还通过转换器与蓄电池连接。 And motor controller, said drive motor is an electric motor with electric windings and generator windings, the motor controller circuit and a charging control circuit of the motor control composition, which are connected to the motor windings and generator windings, and also by the converter connected to a battery.

本实用新型进一步设置为:所述的驱动电机为无刷直流电机,其中电动绕组位于发电绕组定子径向的外侧。 The present invention is further arranged to: the drive motor is a brushless DC motor, wherein the electric windings of the stator winding is located radially outward of the power generation. 所述的电机的转子位于定子径向的外侧。 The motor rotor is located radially outside the stator.

本实用新型的有益效果是:本实用新型与原有的技术相比,采用 The utility model has the advantages that: the invention compared with the existing technology,

带电动绕组和发电绕组为一体的复合电动机,将电动自行车行平地滑行、下坡滑行及踏行时的产生的能量再生利用,使机械能自动转换成电能对蓄电池进行充电,延长了蓄电池供电时间,提高了电动自行车一次充电的行驶里程,降低了使用成本。 With motor windings and generator windings as one of the compound motor, the electric bicycle ground line coasting downhill coasting energy produced and rows of tread recycling, automatic mechanical energy converted into electrical energy to charge the battery, the battery power to extend the time, a charging electric bicycle improve mileage and reduce the cost. 其结构简单,使用方便,在不增加蓄电池容量的情况下续航能力大幅度增加,电动自行车的行驶效率得到了很大的提高。 Its structure is simple, easy to use, a substantial increase in the life without increasing the battery capacity, electric bicycles with a greatly improved efficiency.

以下结合实施例及附图对本实用新型进一步说明。 The present invention in conjunction with the following Examples and accompanying drawings further illustrate the embodiments. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1为本实用新型实施例工作原理图。 Figure 1 is a principle embodiment of the invention FIG.

图中:1、驱动电机11、电动绕组12、发电绕组 In FIG: 1, the drive motor 11, the electric winding 12, generation winding

2、 电机控制器21、电机控制电路22、充电控制电路 2, the motor controller 21, motor control circuit 22, charge control circuit

3、 转换器 3, converter

4、 蓄电池具体实施方式 4, the battery DETAILED DESCRIPTION

如图1所示,本实用新型实施例采用一种带自动充电功能的电动自行车,包括有车架、车把、车轮、脚踏、蓄电池4、驱动电机l及电机控制器2,所述的驱动电机l主要采用无刷直流电机,在驱动电机1的电动绕组11上增加有发电绕组12,电机控制器2由电机控制电路21和充电控制电路22组成,电动绕组11与电机控制电路21连接,发电绕组12与充电控制电路22连接,且电机控制器2通过转换器3与蓄电池4连接,转换器3作用就是在电动自行车行驶时需要减 As shown, the embodiment of the present invention using an electric bicycle with an automatic charging function, comprising a frame, handlebars, wheels, a foot, a battery 4, a drive motor l and the motor controller 2, the l mainly drive motor brushless DC motor, the electric drive motor 21 is connected to a winding 11 on the power generating coil 12 increases, the motor controller 2 by the motor control circuit 21 and the charging control circuit 22 composed of an electric motor control circuit 11 and the windings , the winding 12 is connected to the power charge control circuit 22, and motor controller 2 are connected through the converter 4 and the battery 3, the converter 3 is in effect need to reduce the electric bicycle is running

速的瞬间将驱动电机1断电,再利用电动自行车的惯性速度发电机发 Instantaneous speed of the drive motor 1 is powered off, then the speed of the electric bicycle inertia hair generator

出的电流通过充电控制电路22给蓄电池4充电。 The current through the charging control circuit 22 to the battery 4 is charged.

本实用新型实施例进一步设置为,所述电动绕组11位于发电绕组12定子径向的外侧,也就是说电动绕组11包围在发电绕组12的外围。 Example embodiment of the present invention is further set, the electric power-generating coil windings 12 of the stator 11 radially outward, that is surrounded by an electric coil 11 in the winding periphery 12 of the power generation. 当然,这种内外的布置也不是唯一的,可根据实际情况变换其形式。 Of course, this arrangement is not the only inside and outside, the form may be converted according to the actual situation.

所述的驱动电机1的转子和定子可以采用转子位于定子径向的外侧,这种结构比较适用于电动自行车安装使用。 The drive rotor and stator of the motor 1 may be employed a rotor positioned radially outside of the stator, this structure is suitable for installation in an electric bicycles.

当本实用新型电动自行车在下坡滑行、减速或着踏行时通过转换器3的控制切断蓄电池4向驱动电机1供电,将发电绕组12产生的充电电流通过充电控制电路22向蓄电池4充电。 When the present invention is the electric bicycle downhill coasting, decelerating, or the tread row 3 by the converter control current of the battery 4 is cut off the charging power to the driving motor 1, the power generated by the coil 12 controlling the charging circuit 224 to charge the battery.

Claims (3)

  1. 1、一种带自动充电功能的电动自行车,包括有车架、车把、车轮、脚踏、蓄电池、驱动电机及电机控制器,其特征在于:所述的驱动电机为带有电动绕组和发电绕组的电动机,电机控制器由电机控制电路和充电控制电路组成,其分别与电动绕组和发电绕组连接,且还通过转换器与蓄电池连接。 1, with an automatic charging function of the electric bicycle, including a frame, handlebars, wheels, a foot, a battery, a driving motor and a motor controller, wherein: said drive motor is a motor having windings and generator motor windings, the motor controlled by the motor control circuit and a charging control circuit, respectively connected to the motor windings and generator windings, and also by the converter and the battery connector.
  2. 2、 根据权利要求l所述的带自动充电功能的电动自行车,其特征在于:所述的驱动电机为无刷直流电机,其中电动绕组位于发电绕组定子径向的外侧。 2, with automatic charging function of the electric bicycle according to claim l, wherein: said drive motor is a brushless DC motor, wherein the electric windings of the stator winding is located radially outward of the power generation.
  3. 3、 根据权利要求2所述的带自动充电功能的电动自行车,其特征在于:所述的驱动电机的转子位于定子径向的外侧。 3, with automatic charging function of the electric bicycle according to claim 2, wherein: said rotor drive motor positioned radially outside the stator.
CN 200620141443 2006-12-23 2006-12-23 Electric bicycle with automatic charging function CN201002526Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620141443 CN201002526Y (en) 2006-12-23 2006-12-23 Electric bicycle with automatic charging function

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200620141443 CN201002526Y (en) 2006-12-23 2006-12-23 Electric bicycle with automatic charging function

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102280920A (en) * 2010-06-12 2011-12-14 姚军 New Energy mechatronics systems
CN102485586A (en) * 2010-12-02 2012-06-06 西安大昱光电科技有限公司 Control system of electric bicycle with power generation function

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102280920A (en) * 2010-06-12 2011-12-14 姚军 New Energy mechatronics systems
CN102485586A (en) * 2010-12-02 2012-06-06 西安大昱光电科技有限公司 Control system of electric bicycle with power generation function

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