CN102337654B - A kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine - Google Patents

A kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102337654B
CN102337654B CN201010234913.1A CN201010234913A CN102337654B CN 102337654 B CN102337654 B CN 102337654B CN 201010234913 A CN201010234913 A CN 201010234913A CN 102337654 B CN102337654 B CN 102337654B
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China
Prior art keywords
umbrella tooth
impeller
washing
transmission
dehydration
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CN102337654A (en
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吕佩师
许升
刘杰
杨明旭
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Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Haier Group Corp
Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine, this washing machine comprises the staving be filled with water, be arranged at the interior bucket placing clothing in staving, be located at the impeller in interior bucket, drive the impeller shafts that impeller rotates and the base be located at below staving, transmission device is located on base, on impeller shafts, interval is provided with washing umbrella tooth and dehydration umbrella tooth, transmission device comprises pedestal, be articulated in the foot-treadle device on pedestal and be located on foot-treadle device the driving cog group respectively with washing umbrella tooth and umbrella tooth engaged transmission of dewatering, pedestal is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening, impeller shafts lower part and washing umbrella tooth are all located in this vertical opening with dehydration umbrella tooth, foot-treadle device comprises an arc, with arc one and along the pedal of one edge radius to circumference extension and the reduction torsion spring of reset, arc is hubbed in vertical opening by a pivot, reduction torsion spring is sheathed on pivot.Transmission device of the present invention has the advantages that structure is simple, transmission speed ratio is high.

Description

A kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of sports washing machine, specifically a kind of transmission device of sports washing machine, especially a kind of transmission device of foot-operated sports washing machine.
Background technology
Conventional laundry apparatus is all utilize electrical energy drive motor, as automatic washing machine, carried out the work of washing or dewatering by driven by motor impeller or interior bucket, but the process of washing and dehydration leans on arrangement of clutch such as the speed-reducing clutch of a set of complexity to switch, complex process, cost is high; In addition as two-tub washing machine, impeller and centrifugal dehydration barrel are driven by two motors respectively, realize washing, drying functions, are also to realize washing and dehydration by electric power and two stavings; Another mop washing spin-drying device, washing and drying in set of device, but the conversion of washing and dewatering can not be carried out, use inconvenience.During conventional laundry apparatus laundry, user needs to wait for the end of washing process, in this process, when inevitably there is user charge, the shortcoming of washing machine expense electricity, function singleness.
Existing sports washing machine, the Chinese patent being 01261054.2 as application number discloses a kind of energy saving movement type washing machine, washing machine and treadmill are linked together by transmission device, treadmill transfers energy to washing machine by transmission device, user must buy a treadmill when buying washing machine, add purchase cost, limit customer group; In order to reach clean result, each producer has carried out large-scale transformation to washing machine, such as impeller design is waited on the sidewall of washtub (description of prior art and structure of the present invention are had nothing to do), in fact this need to transform on a large scale existing washing machine production line, add production cost, be unfavorable for industrial production.
Application number be 200710165244.5 Chinese patent disclose a kind of treadle type washing machine with one machine and double barrels, comprise the treadle type washing machine with one machine and double barrels that is provided with main support, seat.During use, dirty linen is entered to put in machine bucket, reinject clear water, covers bung, and be sitting on seat, pin steps on foot-driven lever, and band motivation bucket rotates, and washs the clothing in machine bucket.
Application number is that the Chinese patent of 200620092875.X discloses a kind of body-building washing machine, be provided with travel(l)ing rest, two poles of travel(l)ing rest are connected to handlebar and vehicle seat, travel(l)ing rest is provided with pedal, the connecting axle of pedal is provided with driving wheel, driving wheel is connected with driven pulley, driven pulley is placed in cabinet, driven pulley is connected with pinion, pinion is meshed with gear wheel, gear wheel drives wobble wheel, wobble wheel is meshed with reverse wheel, reverse wheel is connected with change pulley, change pulley is connected with accelerating pulley, accelerating pulley is connected with drive bevel gear, drive bevel gear is meshed with driven wheel of differential, driven wheel of differential is connected with the impeller in laundry case.
Above-mentioned washing machine structure, all needs to transform on a large scale existing power transmission apparatus of washing machines production line, adds production cost, be unfavorable for industrial production.
Application number be 200710051486.1 Chinese patent disclose a kind of foot-operated washer, it includes the profile of conventional laundry apparatus, driving mechanism, executing agency, washing mechanism composition.Time washed, according to the height of people by the handrail that horizontally slips being pulled upwardly suitable height, both hands are held thereon, and right crus of diaphragm is trampled pedal and moved up and down, and drive arc rotating shaft to make forward and reverse circular motion by steel bar rod with pedal, washing clothes, after cleaning, only director switch need be stirred to the right, again trample pedal, clothing just makes High Rotation Speed in washing machine courage, dries clothing.The transmission device production cost of above-mentioned washing machine is higher, and structure is comparatively complicated, and easily damage, maintenance rate is high.
In view of this special proposition the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides the transmission device of foot-operated washing machine that a kind of structure is simple, transmission efficiency is high.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts the basic conception of technical scheme to be: a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine, this washing machine comprises the staving be filled with water, be arranged at the interior bucket placing clothing in staving, be located at the impeller in interior bucket, drive the impeller shafts that impeller rotates and the base be located at below staving, transmission device is located on base, on impeller shafts, interval is provided with washing umbrella tooth and dehydration umbrella tooth, described transmission device comprises pedestal, be articulated in the foot-treadle device on pedestal and be located on foot-treadle device the driving cog group respectively with washing umbrella tooth and umbrella tooth engaged transmission of dewatering, pedestal is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening, impeller shafts lower part and washing umbrella tooth are all located in this vertical opening with dehydration umbrella tooth, foot-treadle device comprises an arc, with arc one and along the pedal of one edge radius to circumference extension and the reduction torsion spring of reset, arc is hubbed in vertical opening by a pivot, reduction torsion spring is sheathed on pivot and makes arc rotate reset, driving cog is mounted on arc.
The impeller shafts of this washing machine can move up and down at vertical direction, and during washing, impeller shafts drives impeller upwards, and washing umbrella tooth engages with driving cog group, and dehydration umbrella tooth is separated with driving cog group, and interior bucket is free state; During dehydration, impeller shafts drives impeller to be integrated with interior barrel knot downwards, and washing umbrella tooth is separated with driving cog group, and dehydration umbrella tooth engages with driving cog group, drives impeller to rotate together with interior bucket.
Be provided with internal spline in bottom of the barrel, corresponding to impeller shafts being established an external splines, internal spline is separated when washing with external splines, and when dewatering, engagement makes impeller and interior barrel knot be integrated.
The floating drum that interior bucket can be made to float when washing is provided with in described below bucket, the buoyant belt that impeller and impeller shafts are floated by floating drum by the interior bucket when washing is dynamic when moving upward and dewater, and clothing and self gravitation move downward, in floating drum drives, bucket floats and comprises two stages, first stage is that floating drum first drives that interior bucket floats separately, impeller and impeller shafts motionless, this stage correspondence realizes internal spline and is separated with external splines, and interior bucket is relative with impeller shafts free; Second stage is that floating drum continues bucket floating in drive, drives impeller and impeller shafts to move upward simultaneously, and this stage correspondence realization washing umbrella tooth engages with driving cog group, the umbrella tooth that dewaters is separated with driving cog group.
Be provided with the hand-operated clutch device that impeller shafts can be moved up and down in impeller shafts bottom, this hand-operated clutch device comprises arrangement of clutch base, being located at can along the driver plate of a horizontal direction movement and the clutch button driving driver plate to move horizontally on arrangement of clutch base; Driver plate one end is provided with driving spring and the tip chute of reset, the bottom of the corresponding impeller shafts of the other end is provided with the slideway of an inclination and the breach in slideway lower end, is provided with the button spring that upwards resets and in tip chute, moves the brake component that drives driver plate to move horizontally below clutch button; Hand-operated clutch device also comprise be located at impeller shafts makes impeller shafts upwards reset axle spring, with being located in impeller shafts bottom and the connecting axle that can relatively rotate with impeller shafts and being located at slideway that connecting axle can tilt at driver plate being moved into the projection of breach, on front side of breach, be provided with the stopper slot that projection is moved up and down.
Unilateral bearing is provided with between dehydration umbrella tooth and impeller shafts.
Described driving cog group comprise can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth first drive umbrella tooth and umbrella tooth can be driven with wash that umbrella tooth engage second, second drives the arcuately plate circumference setting of umbrella tooth, first drives umbrella tooth on arc, be parallel to circumference is arranged, and first drives umbrella tooth and second to drive the helical teeth angle of inclination of umbrella tooth respectively with dehydration umbrella tooth with to wash umbrella tooth corresponding.
Described driving cog group comprise can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth first drive umbrella tooth and umbrella tooth can be driven with wash that umbrella tooth engage second, second drives the arcuately plate circumference setting of umbrella tooth, arc is parallel to circumference and has a deep-slotted chip breaker, deep-slotted chip breaker arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack, corresponding inner rack pivot is provided with a duplicate gear, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear is fixed on a sidewall of vertical opening through deep-slotted chip breaker, duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth engaged with inner rack and can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth first drives umbrella tooth, first drives umbrella tooth and second to drive the helical teeth angle of inclination of umbrella tooth respectively with dehydration umbrella tooth with to wash umbrella tooth corresponding.
Described driving cog group comprises a duplicate gear, on described arc, be parallel to circumference have a deep-slotted chip breaker, deep-slotted chip breaker arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack, corresponding inner rack pivot is provided with a duplicate gear, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear is fixed on a sidewall of vertical opening through deep-slotted chip breaker, and duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth and the described driving umbrella tooth that individually can engage with washing umbrella tooth, the umbrella tooth that dewaters that engage with inner rack.
Described first drives umbrella tooth to be 1: 3-1: 9 with the ratio coverage of dehydration umbrella tooth; Described second drives umbrella tooth to be 1: 1-1: 5 with the ratio coverage of washing umbrella tooth.
After adopting technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect.
Washing machine of the present invention is small-sized foot-operated washing machine driven by treadle mill, is applicable to the washing of underwear, socks or small clothes.The power input device of washing machine is designed to the input of pure man power, zero consumption to electric energy can be realized; Secondly, utilize the difference transmission that simple transmission device realizes washing and dehydration, do not need traditional arrangement of clutch, make washing machine obtain different rotating speeds, reach the effect that washing process rotating speed is low, dehydration rotating speed is high.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is a kind of foot-actuated washing machine schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the laundry machine dehydration view described in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 3 is the washing machine clutch state schematic diagram between washing and dehydration described in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 4 is the washing of drum type washing machine view described in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 5 is the washing machine hand-operated clutch device structural representation described in the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 6 is the power transmission apparatus of washing machines schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention three;
Fig. 7 is the power transmission apparatus of washing machines schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention four;
Fig. 8 is the power transmission apparatus of washing machines perspective view described in the embodiment of the present invention four;
Fig. 9 is the power transmission apparatus of washing machines schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention five.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figures 1 to 9, a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine, this washing machine comprises the staving 1 be filled with water, be arranged at the interior bucket 2 placing clothing in staving 1, be located at the impeller 3 in interior bucket 2, drive the impeller shafts 4 that impeller 3 rotates and the base 5 be located at below staving 1, transmission device is located on base 5, on impeller shafts 4, interval is provided with washing umbrella tooth 41 and dehydration umbrella tooth 42, unilateral bearing 43 is provided with between dehydration umbrella tooth 42 and impeller shafts 4, described transmission device comprises pedestal 50, be articulated in the foot-treadle device 6 on pedestal 50 and be located on foot-treadle device 6 the driving cog group respectively with washing umbrella tooth 41 and umbrella tooth 42 engaged transmission of dewatering, pedestal 50 is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening 51, impeller shafts 4 lower part and washing umbrella tooth 41 are all located in this vertical opening 51 with dehydration umbrella tooth 42, foot-treadle device 6 comprises an arc 61, with arc 61 one and along one edge radius to the pedal 62 of circumference extension and the reduction torsion spring 63 that resets, arc 61 is hubbed in vertical opening 51 by a pivot 66, reduction torsion spring 63 is sheathed on pivot 66 and makes arc 61 rotate reset, driving cog is mounted on arc 61.
The impeller shafts 4 of this washing machine can move up and down at vertical direction, and during washing, impeller shafts 4 drives impeller 3 upwards, and washing umbrella tooth 41 engages with driving cog group, and dehydration umbrella tooth 42 is separated with driving cog group, and interior bucket 2 is free state; During dehydration, impeller shafts 4 drives impeller 3 to be combined as a whole with interior bucket 2 downwards, and washing umbrella tooth 41 is separated with driving cog group, and dehydration umbrella tooth 42 engages with driving cog group, drives impeller 3 to rotate together with interior bucket 2; Be provided with internal spline 21 bottom interior bucket 2, corresponding to impeller shafts 4 being established an external splines 22, internal spline 21 is separated when washing with external splines 22, and when dewatering, engagement makes interior bucket 2, impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 be combined as a whole.
Washing machine uses foot-operated stepping on, if neither one armrest or handrail, the another leg of people can be felt relatively to tire out, so a bar will be increased on washing machine, bar can be made retractable, can retract in washing machine, pull out when use again when not using.Because this washing machine is without vibration insulating system, this bar also has a function to stop washing machine to rock large or displacement when dewatering exactly.Base has roller (not shown), conveniently moves to outdoor use.
Shown in the following embodiment one of the mode that washing machine of the present invention moves under making impeller shafts 4 in the vertical direction and embodiment two:
Embodiment one
As shown in Figures 2 to 4, the floating drum 9 that interior bucket 2 can be made to float when washing is provided with in described below bucket 2, impeller shafts 4 is fixed with impeller 3, the buoyant belt that impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 are floated by floating drum 9 by bucket 2 interior when washing is dynamic when moving upward and dewater, and clothing and self gravitation move downward, floating drum 9 drives interior bucket 2 floating to comprise two stages, first stage is that in floating drum 9 first drives, bucket 2 floats separately, impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 motionless, the activity space A that interior bucket 2 floats separately is provided with and between impeller 3 at interior the bucket 2 end, this stage correspondence realizes internal spline 21 and is separated with external splines 22, interior bucket 2 is relative with impeller shafts 4 free, second stage is that in floating drum 9 continuation drives, bucket 2 floats, drives impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 to move upward simultaneously, and this stage correspondence realization washing umbrella tooth 41 engages with driving cog group, the umbrella tooth 42 that dewaters is separated with driving cog group.
Dehydration umbrella tooth 42 is located at the top of washing umbrella tooth 41, distance between dehydration umbrella tooth 42 and washing umbrella tooth 41 meets: wash when washing stage impeller shafts 4 moves upward umbrella tooth 41 with driving cog group engaged transmission and the umbrella tooth 42 that dewater be separated with driving cog group, when water smoking impeller shafts 4 moves downward, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 washs umbrella tooth 41 be separated with driving cog group with driving cog group engaged transmission.
The washing of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine of the present invention and dehydration are:
During washing, inject water in staving 1 after, floating drum 9 produces buoyancy, owing to there being an activity space A at the bottom of interior bucket and between impeller, therefore in bucket 2 first float and impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 motionless, internal spline 21 leaves external splines 22, when on interior bucket 2, floating roof is to impeller lower surface, continuing floating drives impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 to float, and dehydration umbrella tooth 42 and driving cog group depart from engagement, and the driving cog group of washing on umbrella tooth 41 and foot-treadle device 6 realizes engagement; At this moment interior bucket 2 is in the free state of circumferencial direction, and above-below direction is limited, and impeller 3 is fastened on impeller shafts 4, and impeller can rotate with impeller shafts.Washing umbrella tooth 41 is fixed on impeller shafts 4, tramples, lifts pedal, makes impeller can rotating, realizes the washing to clothing, and because interior bucket is relative free state with impeller shafts, be subject to clothing inverting action, interior bucket also can do and rotate slowly.
During dehydration, first put down drainpipe draining, when water level is lower than the first clutch water level, interior bucket 2 and impeller 3 sink, external splines 22 and internal spline 21 start engagement, in water level decreasing, bucket continues to sink down into original state, now wash umbrella tooth 41 and driving cog group disengaging engagement, the driving cog group of dewatering on umbrella tooth 42 and foot-treadle device 6 realizes engagement, trample pedal, drive dehydration umbrella tooth 42 to rotate, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 is located on impeller shafts 4, realize interior bucket and impeller one because external splines 22 and internal spline 21 engage, thus realize impeller and the synchronized rotating in same direction of interior bucket; Dehydration umbrella tooth 42 to be installed on impeller shafts 4 by unilateral bearing 43 thus bucket 2 and impeller 3 one-directional rotation in driving, and dewaters to clothing.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 5, the pass of the external splines on the internal spline of this embodiment bottom of the barrel and impeller shafts is: impeller shafts moves upward, and external splines moves upward and to be separated with internal spline, otherwise moves downward and engage (not shown) with internal spline.Be provided with in impeller shafts 4 bottom the hand-operated clutch device that impeller shafts 4 can be moved up and down, this hand-operated clutch device 7 comprises arrangement of clutch base 70, being located at can along the driver plate 71 of a horizontal direction movement and the clutch button 72 driving driver plate 71 to move horizontally on arrangement of clutch base 70; Driver plate 71 one end is provided with driving spring 73 and the tip chute 74 of reset, the bottom of the corresponding impeller shafts 4 of the other end is provided with the slideway 75 of an inclination and the breach 76 in slideway 75 lower end, is provided with the button spring 77 that upwards resets and in tip chute 74, moves the brake component 78 that drives driver plate 71 to move horizontally below clutch button 72; Hand-operated clutch device 7 also comprise be located at impeller shafts 4 makes impeller shafts 4 upwards reset axle spring 31, with being located in impeller shafts 4 bottom and the connecting axle 32 that can relatively rotate with impeller shafts 4 and being located at slideway 75 that connecting axle 32 can tilt at driver plate 74 being moved into the projection 33 of breach 76, be provided with the stopper slot 79 that projection 33 is moved up and down on front side of breach 76, this projection 33 is removably be located at the pin on connecting axle 32.Axle spring 31 is positioned at the below of washing umbrella tooth 41, on the impeller shafts 4 above connecting axle 32; Axle spring shim 8 is provided with between axle spring 31 and washing umbrella tooth 41.
Washing umbrella tooth 41 described in the present embodiment is located at the lower end of impeller shafts 4, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 and unilateral bearing 43 are located at the top of washing umbrella tooth 41, the distance between washing umbrella tooth 41 and dehydration umbrella tooth 42 meet to wash when impeller shafts 4 moves upward umbrella tooth 41 with driving cog group engaged transmission and the umbrella tooth 42 that to dewater when umbrella tooth 42 is separated with driving cog group, impeller shafts 4 moves downward of dewatering wash umbrella tooth 41 be separated with driving cog group with driving cog group engaged transmission.
Under normal circumstances, projection 33 inserts in the hole of connecting axle 32 lower end, projection 33 is limited in breach 76 place of driver plate 71 right-hand member simultaneously, now dehydration umbrella tooth 42 and driving cog group engaged transmission, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 drives impeller shafts 4 and then to rotate, because projection 33 moves up and down at stopper slot 79, can not rotate with limit connecting axle 32.
Before washing, downward power is applied to clutch button 72, brake component 78 moves obliquely along tip chute 74, to the power of driver plate one level, make driver plate 71 to driving spring 73 1 lateral movement, now, projection 33 spins off from the breach 76 of driver plate 71, impeller shafts 4 moves upward under the effect of axle spring 31, washing umbrella tooth 41 is driven to move upward also and driving cog group engaged transmission, washing umbrella tooth 41 drives impeller shafts 4 and then to rotate, connecting axle 32 does not rotate, simultaneously, homing under the effect of clutch button 72 and button spring 77, driver plate 71 homing under the effect of driving spring 73.
Washing terminates, and internal bucket 2 applies downward power, and now projection 33 glides along the slideway 75 that driver plate 71 tilts and drives driver plate 71 to driving spring 73 1 lateral movement, and projection 33 is limited in breach 76 place of driver plate 71 right-hand member again.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 6, foot-treadle device 6 described in this embodiment comprises arc 61, with arc 61 one and along the pedal 62 of its half radial circumference extension and the reduction torsion spring 63 (consulting Fig. 9) that resets, base 5 is provided with the vertical opening 51 of an external vertical direction, arc 61 pivot is erected in vertical opening 51 (consulting Fig. 1), center of rotation is the center of circle of arc, rely on foot-operated resetting on opening direction with torsion spring can carry out back rotation, be similar to swing, reduction torsion spring 63 one end is resisted against in a side wall of vertical opening 51, the other end is resisted against on arc 61, it is outside that pedal 62 extends to base 5 by vertical opening 51, described driving cog group comprise can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth 42 first drive umbrella tooth 611 and umbrella tooth 610 can be driven with wash that umbrella tooth 41 engage second, described arc 61 is circumferentially provided with the second driving umbrella tooth 610 obliquely, second drives umbrella tooth 610 can engage with washing umbrella tooth 41, arc 61 is parallel to circumference and has a deep-slotted chip breaker 64, deep-slotted chip breaker 64 arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack 65, corresponding inner rack 65 pivot is provided with a duplicate gear 68, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear 68 is fixed on a sidewall of vertical opening 51 through deep-slotted chip breaker 64, duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth 67 engaged with inner rack 65 and can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth 42 first drives umbrella tooth 611.
Trample speed according to people, first drives the ratio coverage of umbrella tooth 611 and dehydration umbrella tooth 42 to be 1: 3-1: 9, preferably 1: 3.5-1: 5.5, second drives the ratio coverage of umbrella tooth and washing umbrella tooth to be 1: 1-1: 5, and preferably 1: 1.5-1: 3.
Embodiment four
As shown in Figure 7, Figure 8, this embodiment and the difference of above-described embodiment are that the driving cog group on arc is different.Driving cog group described in the present embodiment comprises a duplicate gear, described arc 61 is parallel to circumference and has a deep-slotted chip breaker 64, deep-slotted chip breaker 64 arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack 65, corresponding inner rack 65 pivot is provided with a duplicate gear, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear is fixed on a sidewall of opening through deep-slotted chip breaker 64, and duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth 67 engaged with inner rack 65 and the driving umbrella tooth 612 (consult Fig. 4 first and drive umbrella tooth 611) that individually can engage with washing umbrella tooth 41, the umbrella tooth 42 that dewaters.This said structure is all identical with embodiment one, and unique difference is that arc 61 does not circumferentially establish obliquely second to drive umbrella tooth, but the driving umbrella tooth 612 on duplicate gear has both been done the first driving umbrella tooth in embodiment one, does again the second driving umbrella tooth.
The ratio coverage driving umbrella tooth 612 and washing umbrella tooth 41 is 1: 1-1: 5, preferably 1: 1.5-1: 3, and the ratio coverage driving umbrella tooth 612 and dehydration umbrella tooth 42 is 1: 3-1: 9, preferably 1: 3.5-1: 5.5.
Embodiment five
As shown in Figure 9, this embodiment and the difference of above-described embodiment are that the driving cog group on arc is different.Described driving cog group comprise can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth first drive umbrella tooth 611 and umbrella tooth 610 can be driven with wash that umbrella tooth engage second, arc 61 is circumferentially provided with the second driving umbrella tooth 610 obliquely, second drives umbrella tooth 610 can engage with washing umbrella tooth 41, arc 61 is parallel to circumference the first driving umbrella tooth 611, first be provided with obliquely between circumference and the center of circle drives umbrella tooth 611 can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth 42.
Embodiment one is combined with embodiment three
During washing, inject water in staving 1 after, floating drum 9 produces buoyancy, owing to there being an activity space A at the bottom of interior bucket and between impeller, therefore in bucket 2 first float and impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 motionless, internal spline 21 leaves external splines 22, when on interior bucket 2, floating roof is to impeller lower surface, continuation floating drive impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 float, and the umbrella tooth 42 and first that now dewaters drives the disengaging of umbrella tooth 611 to engage, and washs second on umbrella tooth 41 and foot-treadle device 6 and drives umbrella tooth 610 to realize engaging; At this moment interior bucket 2 is in the free state of circumferencial direction, above-below direction is limited, impeller 3 is fastened on impeller shafts 4, impeller can rotate with impeller shafts, now trample pedal 62, arc 61 rotates, and second drives umbrella tooth 610 to rotate, and then driving washing umbrella tooth 41 to rotate, impeller shafts 4 rotates; Under the effect of said gear transmission system and impeller shafts 4, impeller 3 starts to rotate, and unclamps pedal 62, and under reduction torsion spring 63 acts on, above-mentioned driving cog group and impeller shafts 4 rotate backward.Due between impeller shafts and washing umbrella tooth 41 without unidirectional needle bearing, impeller can reverse below, realizes the washing to clothing, and because interior bucket is relative free state with impeller shafts, be subject to clothing inverting action, interior bucket also can do and rotate slowly.
During dehydration, first put down drainpipe draining, when water level is lower than the first clutch water level, interior bucket and impeller sink, external splines and internal spline start engagement, in water level decreasing, bucket continues to sink down into original state, now washing umbrella tooth 41 and second drives umbrella tooth 610 to depart from engagement, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 and first drives umbrella tooth 611 to realize engagement, trample pedal 62, arc 61 rotates, inner rack 65 drives straight-tooth 67 to rotate, thus first drives umbrella tooth 611 to rotate together with straight-tooth 67, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 is driven to rotate, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 is located on impeller shafts 4, because external splines and internal spline engagement realize interior bucket and impeller one, thus realize impeller and the synchronized one-directional rotation of interior bucket, unclamp pedal 62, under reduction torsion spring 63 acts on, even if the driving cog group transmission on foot-treadle device 6, but be installed on axle sleeve 3 by unilateral bearing 43 due to dehydration umbrella tooth 42, thus drive impeller shafts 4 one-directional rotation, realize dewatering to clothing.
Embodiment two is combined with embodiment five
During washing, projection 33 spins off from the breach 76 of driver plate 71, impeller shafts 4 moves upward under the effect of axle spring 31, external splines 22 moves upward and to be separated with internal spline 21, washing umbrella tooth 41 is driven to move upward and drive umbrella tooth 610 to engage with second, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 and first drives umbrella tooth 611 to depart from, now when trampling pedal 62, second drives umbrella tooth 610 power will be delivered to impeller shafts 4 by washing umbrella tooth 41, owing to there is no unilateral bearing in washing umbrella tooth 41, therefore when trampling, impeller 3 can rotate according to the direction of setting, when lifting pin, under the effect of reduction torsion spring 63, second drives umbrella tooth 610 to reversely rotate, washing umbrella tooth 41 is driven to reversely rotate, thus realize forward and reverse rotation of impeller 3.
During dehydration, downward power is applied to impeller 3, external splines 22 moves downward and engages with internal spline 21, interior bucket 2, impeller 3 and impeller shafts 4 are integrated, now projection 33 glides along the slideway 75 that driver plate 71 tilts and drives driver plate 71 to driving spring 73 1 lateral movement, projection 33 is limited in breach 76 place of driver plate 71 right-hand member again, washing umbrella tooth 41 and second drives umbrella tooth 610 to depart from, dehydration umbrella tooth 42 also moves down together with impeller shafts 4, umbrella tooth 611 is driven to engage with first, interior bucket 2 is in dewatering state with impeller 3, now when trampling pedal 62, first drives umbrella tooth 611 power will be delivered to impeller shafts 4 by dehydration umbrella tooth 42, drive impeller 3 together with interior bucket 2 with clothing High Rotation Speed, owing to being provided with unilateral bearing 43 in dehydration umbrella tooth 42, therefore impeller shafts 4 can only rotate according to direction initialization.
Embodiment in above-described embodiment can be replaced further; and embodiment is only be described the preferred embodiments of the present invention; not the spirit and scope of the present invention are limited; under the prerequisite not departing from design philosophy of the present invention; the various changes and modifications that those skilled in the art make technical scheme of the present invention, all belong to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a transmission device of foot-operated washing machine, this washing machine comprises the staving be filled with water, be arranged at the interior bucket placing clothing in staving, be located at the impeller in interior bucket, drive the impeller shafts that impeller rotates and the base be located at below staving, transmission device is located on base, on impeller shafts, interval is provided with washing umbrella tooth and dehydration umbrella tooth, it is characterized in that: described transmission device comprises pedestal, be articulated in the foot-treadle device on pedestal and be located on foot-treadle device the driving cog group respectively with washing umbrella tooth and umbrella tooth engaged transmission of dewatering, pedestal is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening, impeller shafts lower part and washing umbrella tooth are all located in this vertical opening with dehydration umbrella tooth, foot-treadle device comprises an arc, with arc one and along the pedal of one edge radius to circumference extension and the reduction torsion spring of reset, arc is hubbed in vertical opening by a pivot, reduction torsion spring is sheathed on pivot and makes arc rotate reset, driving cog is mounted on arc, the hand-operated clutch device that impeller shafts can be moved up and down is provided with in impeller shafts bottom, this hand-operated clutch device comprises arrangement of clutch base, being located at can along the driver plate of a horizontal direction movement and the clutch button driving driver plate to move horizontally on arrangement of clutch base, driver plate one end is provided with driving spring and the tip chute of reset, the bottom of the corresponding impeller shafts of the other end is provided with the slideway of an inclination and the breach in slideway lower end, is provided with the button spring that upwards resets and in tip chute, moves the brake component that drives driver plate to move horizontally below clutch button, hand-operated clutch device also comprise be located at impeller shafts makes impeller shafts upwards reset axle spring, with being located in impeller shafts bottom and the connecting axle that can relatively rotate with impeller shafts and being located at slideway that connecting axle can tilt at driver plate being moved into the projection of breach, on front side of breach, be provided with the stopper slot that projection is moved up and down.
2. a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the impeller shafts of this washing machine can move up and down at vertical direction, during washing, impeller shafts drives impeller upwards, washing umbrella tooth engages with driving cog group, dehydration umbrella tooth is separated with driving cog group, and interior bucket is free state; During dehydration, impeller shafts drives impeller to be integrated with interior barrel knot downwards, and washing umbrella tooth is separated with driving cog group, and dehydration umbrella tooth engages with driving cog group, drives impeller to rotate together with interior bucket.
3. a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine according to claim 2, it is characterized in that: be provided with internal spline in bottom of the barrel, corresponding to impeller shafts being established an external splines, internal spline is separated when washing with external splines, and when dewatering, engagement makes impeller and interior barrel knot be integrated.
4. a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: between dehydration umbrella tooth and impeller shafts, be provided with unilateral bearing.
5. a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving cog group comprise can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth first drive umbrella tooth and umbrella tooth can be driven with wash that umbrella tooth engage second, second drives the arcuately plate circumference setting of umbrella tooth, first drives umbrella tooth on arc, be parallel to circumference is arranged, and first drives umbrella tooth and second to drive the helical teeth angle of inclination of umbrella tooth respectively with dehydration umbrella tooth with to wash umbrella tooth corresponding.
6. a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving cog group comprise can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth first drive umbrella tooth and umbrella tooth can be driven with wash that umbrella tooth engage second, second drives the arcuately plate circumference setting of umbrella tooth, arc is parallel to circumference and has a deep-slotted chip breaker, deep-slotted chip breaker arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack, corresponding inner rack pivot is provided with a duplicate gear, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear is fixed on a sidewall of vertical opening through deep-slotted chip breaker, duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth engaged with inner rack and can engage with dehydration umbrella tooth first drives umbrella tooth, first drives umbrella tooth and second to drive the helical teeth angle of inclination of umbrella tooth respectively with dehydration umbrella tooth with to wash umbrella tooth corresponding.
7. a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described driving cog group comprises a duplicate gear, on described arc, be parallel to circumference have a deep-slotted chip breaker, deep-slotted chip breaker arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack, corresponding inner rack pivot is provided with a duplicate gear, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear is fixed on a sidewall of vertical opening through deep-slotted chip breaker, and duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth and the described driving umbrella tooth that individually can engage with washing umbrella tooth, the umbrella tooth that dewaters that engage with inner rack.
8. a kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine according to claim 5 or 6, is characterized in that: described first drives umbrella tooth to be 1: 3-1: 9 with the ratio coverage of dehydration umbrella tooth; Described second drives umbrella tooth to be 1: 1-1: 5 with the ratio coverage of washing umbrella tooth.
CN201010234913.1A 2010-07-23 2010-07-23 A kind of transmission device of foot-operated washing machine Active CN102337654B (en)

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CN108315953A (en) * 2018-03-01 2018-07-24 屹格科技(深圳)有限公司 A kind of spherical washing machine drum
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CN201393989Y (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-02-03 胡雄 Mop drying bucket
CN101899760A (en) * 2010-05-24 2010-12-01 海尔集团公司 Treadle sports type impeller type washing machine
CN101899765A (en) * 2010-05-21 2010-12-01 海尔集团公司 Motion type washing machine with manual engaging and disengaging device
CN102296438A (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-12-28 海尔集团公司 Pedal-powered double-clutch impeller type washing machine

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CN2256898Y (en) * 1996-02-15 1997-06-25 合肥荣事达集团公司 Buoyance type full-automatic washer clutch driving device
CN101021040A (en) * 2007-02-05 2007-08-22 刘建强 Foot-operated washer
CN201393989Y (en) * 2009-05-06 2010-02-03 胡雄 Mop drying bucket
CN101899765A (en) * 2010-05-21 2010-12-01 海尔集团公司 Motion type washing machine with manual engaging and disengaging device
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CN102296438A (en) * 2010-06-28 2011-12-28 海尔集团公司 Pedal-powered double-clutch impeller type washing machine

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Effective date of registration: 20160706

Address after: 266101 Haier Industrial Park, No. 1, Haier Road, hi tech park, Laoshan District, Shandong, China

Patentee after: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.

Address before: 266101 Haier Industrial Park, No. 1, Haier Road, hi tech park, Laoshan District, Shandong, China

Patentee before: haier group corporation

Patentee before: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.