CN102021792B - A kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine and this washing machine - Google Patents

A kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine and this washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102021792B
CN102021792B CN201010603435.7A CN201010603435A CN102021792B CN 102021792 B CN102021792 B CN 102021792B CN 201010603435 A CN201010603435 A CN 201010603435A CN 102021792 B CN102021792 B CN 102021792B
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output shaft
unilateral bearing
tooth
washing machine
groove
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CN102021792A (en
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杨明旭
许升
刘杰
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Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Haier Group Corp
Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine and this washing machine, this transmission system comprises base, output shaft, transmission is to the transmission mechanism of outputting axial power and the pedal providing power, output shaft in the axial direction, lower mobile realization is washed and dehydration clutch, transmission system also comprises upper umbrella tooth on output shaft of axially spacer sleeve and subumbrella tooth, upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth are fixing in the axial direction not to be moved up and down with output shaft, transmission mechanism is two groups and is symmetrical in umbrella tooth and the setting of subumbrella tooth, the first unilateral bearing is provided with in upper umbrella tooth, the second contrary unilateral bearing of two installation directions and the 3rd unilateral bearing is provided with in subumbrella tooth, second unilateral bearing is contrary with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, output shaft is provided with the less groove section of diameter, moved up and down by output shaft, the ineffective realization washing rotating of one of them unilateral bearing and dehydration are turned in the same way.The present invention has that structure is simple, uniform force, the feature that reliability is high.

Description

A kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine and this washing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of washing machine, specifically a kind of sports washing machine and transmission system, especially a kind of two pedal formula sports washing machine and gear train assembly.
Background technology
Conventional laundry apparatus is all utilize electrical energy drive motor, as automatic washing machine, carried out the work of washing or dewatering by driven by motor impeller or interior bucket, but the process of washing and dehydration leans on arrangement of clutch such as the speed-reducing clutch of a set of complexity to switch, complex process, cost is high; In addition as two-tub washing machine, impeller and centrifugal dehydration barrel are driven by two motors respectively, realize washing, drying functions, are also to realize washing and dehydration by electric power and two stavings; Another mop washing spin-drying device, washing and drying in set of device, but the conversion of washing and dewatering can not be carried out, use inconvenience.During conventional laundry apparatus laundry, user needs to wait for the end of washing process, in this process, when inevitably there is user charge, the shortcoming of washing machine expense electricity, function singleness.
Existing sports washing machine, the Chinese patent being 01261054.2 as application number discloses a kind of energy saving movement type washing machine, washing machine and treadmill are linked together by transmission device, treadmill transfers energy to washing machine by transmission device, user must buy a treadmill when buying washing machine, add purchase cost, limit customer group; In order to reach clean result, each producer has carried out large-scale transformation to washing machine, such as impeller design is waited on the sidewall of washtub (description of prior art and structure of the present invention are had nothing to do), in fact this need to transform on a large scale existing washing machine production line, add production cost, be unfavorable for industrial production.
Application number be 200710165244.5 Chinese patent disclose a kind of treadle type washing machine with one machine and double barrels, comprise the treadle type washing machine with one machine and double barrels that is provided with main support, seat.During use, dirty linen is entered to put in machine bucket, reinject clear water, covers bung, and be sitting on seat, pin steps on foot-driven lever, and band motivation bucket rotates, and washs the clothing in machine bucket.
Application number is that the Chinese patent of 200620092875.X discloses a kind of body-building washing machine, be provided with travel(l)ing rest, two poles of travel(l)ing rest are connected to handlebar and vehicle seat, travel(l)ing rest is provided with pedal, the connecting axle of pedal is provided with driving wheel, driving wheel is connected with driven pulley, driven pulley is placed in cabinet, driven pulley is connected with pinion, pinion is meshed with gear wheel, gear wheel drives wobble wheel, wobble wheel is meshed with reverse wheel, reverse wheel is connected with change pulley, change pulley is connected with accelerating pulley, accelerating pulley is connected with drive bevel gear, drive bevel gear is meshed with driven wheel of differential, driven wheel of differential is connected with the impeller in laundry case.
Above-mentioned washing machine structure, all needs to transform on a large scale existing washing machine production line, adds production cost, be unfavorable for industrial production.
Application number be 200710051486.1 Chinese patent disclose a kind of foot-operated washer, it includes the profile of conventional laundry apparatus, driving mechanism, executing agency, washing mechanism composition.Time washed, according to the height of people by the handrail that horizontally slips being pulled upwardly suitable height, both hands are held thereon, and right crus of diaphragm is trampled pedal and moved up and down, and drive arc rotating shaft to make forward and reverse circular motion by steel bar rod with pedal, washing clothes, after cleaning, only director switch need be stirred to the right, again trample pedal, clothing just makes High Rotation Speed in washing machine courage, dries clothing.The transmission device production cost of above-mentioned washing machine is higher, and structure is comparatively complicated, and easily damage, maintenance rate is high.
Before, the applicant has also applied for that an override type transports the patent of merit type washing machine, but washing machine only has a pedal, and the single pin of user tramples pedal, drives impeller or inner core to rotate, realize washing and dehydration by gear train assembly.Owing to being that single pin tramples pedal, unavoidably occur following point: when one, single pin tramples sports washing machine pedal in use procedure, user's both feet discontinuity, easily causes user tired, reduces the serviceability of washing machine; Two, only have a pedal and pedal be all generally off-axis design, in washing machine running, inevitably cause the asymmetric stressed of washing machine, and then have influence on the concentricity of axle, to washing machine vibrations and noise have a negative impact.
Existing two pedal scenario-frame is complicated, generally adopts stage-geared, Planetary Gear Transmission, output shaft and gear to move up and down to realize the conversion of washing and dehydration, causes washing machine reliability lower, constrain large-scale industrial production.
In view of this special proposition the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, provides that a kind of structure is simple, the two pedal gear train assembly of uniform force.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the sports washing machine with this transmission system.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts the basic conception of technical scheme to be: a kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine, comprise base, output shaft, transmission is to the transmission mechanism of outputting axial power and the pedal providing power, output shaft in the axial direction, lower mobile realization is washed and dehydration clutch, described transmission system also comprises upper umbrella tooth on output shaft of axially spacer sleeve and subumbrella tooth, upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth are fixing in the axial direction not to be moved up and down with output shaft, described transmission mechanism is two groups and is symmetrical in umbrella tooth and the setting of subumbrella tooth, the first unilateral bearing is provided with in upper umbrella tooth, the second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing is provided with in subumbrella tooth, first unilateral bearing is identical with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, second unilateral bearing is contrary with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, output shaft is provided with the less groove section of diameter, output shaft moves upward, the arbitrary unilateral bearing in the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing is only made to be positioned at groove section and ineffective, when realizing washing, transmission mechanism drives output shaft both forward and reverse directions to rotate, output shaft moves downward, and only makes the second unilateral bearing be positioned at groove section and ineffective, and when realizing dehydration, transmission mechanism drives the same direction of output shaft to rotate.
Second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being sequentially located in subumbrella tooth up and down, described groove section is two, by being sequentially located on output shaft up and down, spacing meet: output shaft moves upward, the first unilateral bearing is only had to be positioned at upper groove section, upper umbrella tooth is ineffective, and the second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and subumbrella cingulum moves output shaft rotating and realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only has the second unilateral bearing to be positioned at low groove section, the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive output shaft direction to rotate in the same way and realize dehydration.
Second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being sequentially located in subumbrella tooth up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section is the distance length between the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing, meet: output shaft moves upward, the first unilateral bearing is only had to be positioned at groove section, upper umbrella tooth is ineffective, and the second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and subumbrella cingulum moves output shaft rotating and realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only has the second unilateral bearing to be positioned at groove section, the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive output shaft direction to rotate in the same way and realize dehydration.
3rd unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing are by being sequentially located in subumbrella tooth up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section meets: output shaft moves upward, the 3rd unilateral bearing is only had to be positioned at groove section, first unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and upper and lower umbrella cingulum moves output shaft rotating and realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only has the second unilateral bearing to be positioned at groove section, the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive output shaft direction to rotate in the same way and realize dehydration.
Described base is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening, transmission mechanism and upper and lower umbrella tooth are all located in this vertical opening, transmission mechanism is two groups, be symmetrically set on the two side of vertical opening, often organize transmission mechanism and comprise an arc, pedal and arc one and reach vertical opening outside along one edge radius to circumference extension, arc is hubbed in vertical opening by a pivot, pivot is provided with and makes arc rotate the torsion spring resetted, and arc is provided with and upper and lower umbrella tooth meshed gears assembly.
Described gear assembly comprises first driving gear that can engage with upper umbrella tooth and second driving gear that can engage with subumbrella tooth, second driving gear is the arc-shaped rack of arcuately plate circumference setting, arc is parallel to circumference and has a deep-slotted chip breaker, deep-slotted chip breaker arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack, corresponding inner rack pivot is provided with a duplicate gear, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear is fixed on a sidewall of vertical opening through deep-slotted chip breaker, duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth engaged with inner rack and first driving gear that can engage with upper umbrella tooth, the helical teeth angle of inclination of the first driving gear and the second driving gear is corresponding with upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth respectively.
Or described gear assembly is only the first driving gear of said structure, the first driving gear engages with upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth jointly.
Washing machine of the present invention, comprise the staving be filled with water and the interior bucket being arranged at placement clothing in staving, output shaft in the axial direction, mobile realize washing and dehydration clutch down, realize moving up by lifting mechanism when described output shaft washs, the gravity at least by clothing during dehydration realizes moving down.
Described output shaft is fixedly connected with interior bucket, and bottom of the barrel is integrally formed with impeller and/or sidewall is provided with fin.
Described lifting mechanism is a hand-operated clutch device, and this hand-operated clutch device comprises arrangement of clutch base, being located at can along the driver plate of a horizontal direction movement and the clutch button driving driver plate to move horizontally on arrangement of clutch base; Driver plate one end is provided with driving spring and the tip chute of reset, the bottom of the corresponding output shaft of the other end is provided with the slideway of an inclination and the breach in slideway lower end, is provided with the button spring that upwards resets and in tip chute, moves the brake component that drives driver plate to move horizontally below clutch button; Hand-operated clutch device also comprise be located at output shaft makes output shaft upwards reset axle spring, with being located in output shaft bottom and the connecting axle that can relatively rotate with output shaft and being located at slideway that connecting axle can tilt at driver plate being moved into the projection of breach, on front side of breach, be provided with the stopper slot that projection is moved up and down.
Or described lifting mechanism is be located at the floating drum below interior bucket.
In interior bucket, be provided with an impeller, output shaft is fixedly connected with impeller, and bottom of the barrel is provided with internal spline, and corresponding to output shaft being established an external splines, internal spline is separated when washing with external splines, and when dewatering, engagement makes impeller, interior bucket and output shaft be integrated; In floating drum drives, bucket floats and comprises two stages, the first stage is that floating drum first drives that interior bucket floats separately, impeller and output shaft motionless, this stage correspondence realizes internal spline and is separated with external splines, and interior bucket is relative with output shaft free; Second stage is that floating drum continues to drive interior bucket to float, drive impeller and output shaft to move upward simultaneously, and this stage correspondence realizes washing stage clutch.
After adopting technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect.
The dynamic design of washing machine becomes pure man power to input by the present invention, not only can realize, to zero consumption of electric energy, allowing user take exercises while can also doing washing; Meanwhile, the clutch realized between washing and dehydration that moves up and down that this washing machine make use of output shaft switches, and simplifies clutch transmission structure, has saved production and installation cost.The present invention improves pedal plate structure, two pedals and two sets of transmission mechanism are designed in the bilateral symmetry of output shaft, add planetary gear construction simultaneously, in washing or dehydration, user is sitting in both feet on stool and tramples pedal simultaneously, not easily produce fatigue, improve the serviceability of washing machine.
The present invention adopts exclusive two pedal structure, and in washing machine running, upper and lower umbrella toothing maintains static, and is realized the clutch of washing and dewatering by the upper and lower motion of output shaft.During washing, output shaft Double-directional rotary, thus drive impeller or interior bucket to realize forward and reverse rotation; During dehydration, output shaft one-directional rotation, two pedal drives output shaft geometric ratio to accelerate one-directional rotation.By above-mentioned design, the present invention has that structure is simple, uniform force, and reliability is advantages of higher comparatively, also has high rotating speed, high efficiency advantage simultaneously.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is drive system structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is transmission system schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 3 is transmission system schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention two;
Fig. 4 is a kind of transmission mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of sports washing machine structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is transmission system schematic diagram described in the embodiment of the present invention three;
Fig. 7 is another kind of transmission mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is another kind of sports washing machine lifting mechanism washing view of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is another kind of sports washing machine lifting mechanism dewatering state schematic diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is another kind of lifting mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figures 1 to 10, transmission system of the present invention is installed on the washing machine of artificial bi-pedal input power, this washing machine mainly comprises the staving 1 be filled with water and the interior bucket 2 being arranged at placement clothing in staving 1, transmission system is installed on the below of interior bucket 2, comprise the pedal 3 that power is provided, output shaft 4, base 5 and transmission are to the transmission mechanism 6 of output shaft 4 power, output shaft 4 in the axial direction, lower mobile realization is washed and dehydration clutch, during washing, output shaft realizes moving up by lifting mechanism, by the gravity of clothing during dehydration, the gravity of interior bucket and/or the downward pressure of user etc. realize moving down.Described transmission system also comprises upper umbrella tooth 81 on output shaft 4 of axially spacer sleeve and subumbrella tooth 82, upper umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 are fixing in the axial direction not to be moved up and down with output shaft, described transmission mechanism 6 is two groups, be symmetrical in umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 is arranged, the first unilateral bearing 83 is provided with in upper umbrella tooth 81, the second unilateral bearing 84 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 is provided with in subumbrella tooth 82, first unilateral bearing 83 is identical with the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 installation direction, second unilateral bearing 84 is contrary with the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 installation direction, output shaft 4 is provided with the less groove section of diameter, output shaft 4 moves upward, the arbitrary unilateral bearing in the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing is only made to be positioned at groove section and ineffective, when realizing washing, transmission mechanism drives output shaft both forward and reverse directions to rotate, output shaft moves downward, and only makes the second unilateral bearing be positioned at groove section and ineffective, and when realizing dehydration, transmission mechanism drives the same direction of output shaft to rotate.
Described base 5 is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening 51, transmission mechanism 6 and planetary gear construction 8 are all located in this vertical opening 51, transmission mechanism 6 is on two groups of two sides being symmetrically set in vertical opening 51, often organize transmission mechanism 6 and comprise an arc 61, pedal 3 is with arc 61 one and reach vertical opening 51 along one edge radius to circumference extension outside, arc 61 is hubbed in vertical opening 51 by a pivot 62, pivot 62 is provided with and makes arc 61 rotate the torsion spring 63 resetted, arc 61 is provided with upper, subumbrella tooth 81, 82 meshed gears assemblies.
Embodiment one
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the second unilateral bearing 84 described in the present embodiment and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 are by being sequentially located in subumbrella tooth 82 up and down, described groove section is two, be respectively upper groove section 40 and low groove section 41, by being sequentially located on output shaft 4 up and down, spacing meet: during washing, output shaft 4 moves upward, the first unilateral bearing 83 is only had to be positioned at upper groove section 40, upper umbrella tooth 81 is ineffective, second unilateral bearing 84 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 acting in conjunction are in output shaft 4, gear assembly drives upper subumbrella tooth 81, during 82 rotating, upper umbrella tooth 81 rotates but does not act on output shaft 4, and subumbrella tooth 82 drives output shaft 4 rotating to realize washing, during dehydration, output shaft 4 moves downward, now, the second unilateral bearing 84 is only had to be positioned at low groove section 41, first unilateral bearing 83 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 acting in conjunction, first unilateral bearing 83 is identical with the action direction of the 3rd unilateral bearing 85, and when the upper subumbrella tooth 81 of gear assembly drive, 82 rotating, upper umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 drive output shaft 4 to rotate in one direction in the same way and realize dehydration.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the difference of the present embodiment and above-described embodiment is, upper and lower two groove sections are combined into a groove section 42, the length of groove section 42 is the distance length between the first unilateral bearing 83 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85, meet: during washing, output shaft 4 moves upward, the first unilateral bearing 83 is only had to be positioned at groove section 42, upper umbrella tooth 81 is ineffective, second unilateral bearing 84 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 acting in conjunction are in output shaft 4, gear assembly drives upper subumbrella tooth 81, during 82 rotating, upper umbrella tooth 81 rotates but does not act on output shaft 4, and subumbrella tooth 82 drives output shaft 4 rotating to realize washing, during dehydration, output shaft 4 moves downward, now, the second unilateral bearing 84 is only had to be positioned at groove section 42, first unilateral bearing 83 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 acting in conjunction, first unilateral bearing 83 is identical with the action direction of the 3rd unilateral bearing 85, and when the upper subumbrella tooth 81 of gear assembly drive, 82 rotating, upper umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 drive output shaft 4 to rotate in one direction in the same way and realize dehydration.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, the present embodiment and the difference of above-mentioned two embodiments are that the second unilateral bearing 84 is contrary with the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 erection sequence, 3rd unilateral bearing 85 is above the second unilateral bearing 84, described output shaft is provided with a groove section 43, the length of groove section 43 meets: during washing, output shaft 4 moves upward, the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 is only had to be positioned at groove section 43, first unilateral bearing 83 and the second unilateral bearing 84 acting in conjunction are in output shaft 4, because the first unilateral bearing 83 and the second unilateral bearing 84 act on the contrary, on gear assembly drives, subumbrella tooth 81, during 82 rotating, on, subumbrella tooth 81, 82 drive output shaft rotating to realize washing, during dehydration, output shaft 4 moves downward, the second unilateral bearing 84 is only had to be positioned at groove section 43, first unilateral bearing 83 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 acting in conjunction, and action direction is identical, when the upper subumbrella tooth 81 of gear assembly drive, 82 rotating, upper umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 drive output shaft 4 to rotate in one direction in the same way and realize dehydration.
In above-mentioned three embodiments, the diameter of axle 0.1-0.4mm less of the internal diameter of three unilateral bearings of groove section, is preferably 0.2-0.3mm.
Embodiment four
As shown in Figure 4, gear assembly described in the present embodiment comprises first driving gear 64 that can engage with upper umbrella tooth 81 and second driving gear 65 that can engage with subumbrella tooth 82, second driving gear 65 is the arc-shaped rack of arcuately plate circumference setting, arc 61 is parallel to circumference and has a deep-slotted chip breaker 66, deep-slotted chip breaker 66 arcuately limit outer rim is provided with inner rack 67, corresponding inner rack 67 pivot is provided with a duplicate gear (consulting Fig. 7), the turning cylinder 68 of duplicate gear is fixed on a sidewall of vertical opening 51 through deep-slotted chip breaker 66, duplicate gear comprises the straight-tooth 69 engaged with inner rack 67 and the first driving gear 64 engaged with upper umbrella tooth 81, the helical teeth angle of inclination of the first driving gear 64 and the second driving gear 65 is corresponding with upper umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 respectively.Structure described in this embodiment can be combined with above-mentioned any embodiment respectively.
Embodiment five
As shown in Figure 7, the difference of the present embodiment and above-described embodiment four is: described gear assembly is only the first driving gear of said structure, and the first driving gear 64 engages with upper umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 jointly.
Embodiment six
As shown in Figure 5, the output shaft 4 described in the present embodiment is fixedly connected with interior bucket 2, is integrally formed with impeller and/or sidewall is provided with fin bottom interior bucket 2.This structure can be combined with above-mentioned any embodiment respectively.
Embodiment seven
As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, an impeller that can independently rotate 20 is provided with in interior bucket 2 described in the present embodiment, output shaft 4 is fixedly connected with impeller 20, internal spline 21 is provided with bottom interior bucket 2, corresponding to output shaft 4 being established an external splines 22, internal spline 21 is separated when washing with external splines 22, and when dewatering, engagement makes impeller 20, interior bucket 2 and output shaft 4 be combined as a whole.This structure can be combined with above-described embodiment one to embodiment five is arbitrary respectively.
Embodiment eight
As shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 8 and Fig. 9, lifting mechanism described in the present embodiment is be located at the floating drum 9 below interior bucket 2, the height floated only arranges a limiting structure, and this is designed to well known to a person skilled in the art technology, and this structure can be combined with above-mentioned any embodiment respectively.
When with embodiment seven in conjunction with time, as shown in Figure 8, floating drum 9 drives interior bucket 2 to float to comprise two stages, the first stage is that floating drum 9 first drives that interior bucket 2 floats separately, impeller 20 and output shaft 4 motionless, this stage correspondence realizes internal spline 21 and is separated with external splines 22, and interior bucket 2 is relative with output shaft 4 free; Second stage is that floating drum 9 continues to drive interior bucket 2 to float, drive impeller 20 and output shaft 4 to move upward simultaneously, and this stage correspondence realizes washing stage clutch.Namely with embodiment one, two in conjunction with time, the first unilateral bearing 83 falls in groove section, ineffective; With embodiment three in conjunction with time, the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 falls in groove section, ineffective.
Embodiment nine
As shown in Figure 10, the present embodiment can combination arbitrary with embodiment one to embodiment six respectively, described lifting mechanism is a hand-operated clutch device 7, and this hand-operated clutch device 7 comprises arrangement of clutch base 70, being located at can along the driver plate 71 of a horizontal direction movement and the clutch button 72 driving driver plate 71 to move horizontally on arrangement of clutch base 70; Driver plate 71 one end is provided with driving spring 73 and the tip chute 74 of reset, the bottom of the corresponding output shaft 4 of the other end is provided with the slideway 75 of an inclination and the breach 76 in slideway 75 lower end, is provided with the button spring 77 that upwards resets and in tip chute 74, moves the brake component 78 that drives driver plate 71 to move horizontally below clutch button 72; Hand-operated clutch device 7 also comprise be located at output shaft 4 makes output shaft 4 upwards reset axle spring 47, with being located in output shaft 4 bottom and the connecting axle 44 that can relatively rotate with output shaft 4 and being located at slideway 75 that connecting axle 44 can tilt at driver plate 74 being moved into the projection 45 of breach 76, the stopper slot 79 that projection 45 is moved up and down is provided with on front side of breach 76, this projection 45 is removably be located at the pin on connecting axle 44, be provided with axle spring pad 46 above axle spring 47, axle spring shim 46 is fixed on output shaft 4.
Be combined with embodiment one, under normal circumstances (dewatering state), projection 45 inserts in the hole of connecting axle 44 lower end, projection 45 is limited in breach 76 place of driver plate 71 right-hand member simultaneously, now the second unilateral bearing 84 is in low groove section 41, first unilateral bearing 83 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 act on output shaft 4, because projection 45 is in stopper slot 79, can not rotate with limit connecting axle 44.
Before washing, downward power is applied to clutch button 72, brake component 78 moves obliquely along tip chute 74, to the power of driver plate one level, make driver plate 71 to driving spring 73 1 lateral movement, now, projection 45 spins off from the breach 76 of driver plate 71, output shaft 4 moves upward under the effect of axle spring 47, now the first unilateral bearing 83 is in upper groove section 40, second unilateral bearing 84 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 act on output shaft 4, connecting axle 44 does not rotate, output shaft 4 relatively rotates, simultaneously, homing under the effect of clutch button 72 and button spring 77, driver plate 71 homing under the effect of driving spring 73.
Washing terminates, and internal bucket 2 applies downward power, and now projection 45 glides along the slideway 75 that driver plate 71 tilts and drives driver plate 71 to driving spring 73 1 lateral movement, and projection 45 is limited in breach 76 place of driver plate 71 right-hand member again.
The dynamic design of washing machine becomes pure man power to input by the present invention, not only can realize, to zero consumption of electric energy, allowing user take exercises while can also doing washing; Meanwhile, the clutch realized between washing and dehydration that moves up and down that this washing machine make use of output shaft switches, and simplifies clutch transmission structure, has saved production and installation cost.The present invention improves pedal plate structure, two pedals and two sets of transmission mechanism are designed in the bilateral symmetry of output shaft, add planetary gear construction simultaneously, in washing or dehydration, user is sitting in both feet on stool and tramples pedal simultaneously, not easily produce fatigue, improve the serviceability of washing machine.
The present invention adopts exclusive two pedal structure, and in washing machine running, upper and lower umbrella toothing maintains static, and is realized the clutch of washing and dewatering by the upper and lower motion of output shaft.During washing, output shaft Double-directional rotary, thus drive impeller or interior bucket to realize forward and reverse rotation; During dehydration, output shaft one-directional rotation, two pedal drives output shaft geometric ratio to accelerate one-directional rotation.By above-mentioned design, the present invention has that structure is simple, uniform force, and reliability is advantages of higher comparatively, also has high rotating speed, high efficiency advantage simultaneously.

Claims (10)

1. the two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine, comprise base, output shaft, transmission is to the transmission mechanism of outputting axial power and the pedal providing power, output shaft in the axial direction, lower mobile realization is washed and dehydration clutch, it is characterized in that: described transmission system also comprises upper umbrella tooth on output shaft of axially spacer sleeve and subumbrella tooth, upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth are fixing in the axial direction not to be moved up and down with output shaft, described transmission mechanism is two groups and is symmetrical in umbrella tooth and the setting of subumbrella tooth, the first unilateral bearing is provided with in upper umbrella tooth, the second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing is provided with in subumbrella tooth, first unilateral bearing is identical with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, second unilateral bearing is contrary with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, output shaft is provided with the less groove section of diameter, output shaft moves upward, the arbitrary unilateral bearing in the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing is only made to be positioned at groove section and ineffective, when realizing washing, transmission mechanism drives output shaft both forward and reverse directions to rotate, output shaft moves downward, and only makes the second unilateral bearing be positioned at groove section and ineffective, and when realizing dehydration, transmission mechanism drives the same direction of output shaft to rotate.
2. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being sequentially located in subumbrella tooth up and down, described groove section is two, by being sequentially located on output shaft up and down, spacing meet: output shaft moves upward, the first unilateral bearing is only had to be positioned at upper groove section, upper umbrella tooth is ineffective, second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and subumbrella cingulum moves output shaft rotating and realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only has the second unilateral bearing to be positioned at low groove section, the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive output shaft direction to rotate in the same way and realize dehydration.
3. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being sequentially located in subumbrella tooth up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section is the distance length between the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing, meet: output shaft moves upward, the first unilateral bearing is only had to be positioned at groove section, upper umbrella tooth is ineffective, second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and subumbrella cingulum moves output shaft rotating and realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only has the second unilateral bearing to be positioned at groove section, the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive output shaft direction to rotate in the same way and realize dehydration.
4. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the 3rd unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing are by being sequentially located in subumbrella tooth up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section meets: output shaft moves upward, the 3rd unilateral bearing is only had to be positioned at groove section, first unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and upper and lower umbrella cingulum moves output shaft rotating and realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only has the second unilateral bearing to be positioned at groove section, the first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and upper umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive output shaft direction to rotate in the same way and realize dehydration.
5. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described base is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening, transmission mechanism and upper, subumbrella tooth is all located in this vertical opening, transmission mechanism is two groups, be symmetrically set on the two side of vertical opening, often organize transmission mechanism and comprise an arc, pedal and arc one and reach vertical opening outside along one edge radius to circumference extension, arc is hubbed in vertical opening by a pivot, pivot is provided with and makes arc rotate the torsion spring resetted, arc is provided with upper, subumbrella tooth meshed gears assembly.
6. one kind have as arbitrary in claim 1-5 as described in the washing machine of transmission system, comprise the staving be filled with water and the interior bucket being arranged at placement clothing in staving, output shaft in the axial direction, mobile realize washing and dehydration clutch down, it is characterized in that: realize moving up by lifting mechanism when described output shaft washs, the gravity at least by clothing during dehydration realizes moving down.
7. washing machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described output shaft is fixedly connected with interior bucket, and bottom of the barrel is integrally formed with impeller and/or sidewall is provided with fin.
8. the washing machine according to claim 6 or 7, it is characterized in that: described lifting mechanism is a hand-operated clutch device, this hand-operated clutch device comprises arrangement of clutch base, being located at can along the driver plate of a horizontal direction movement and the clutch button driving driver plate to move horizontally on arrangement of clutch base; Driver plate one end is provided with driving spring and the tip chute of reset, the bottom of the corresponding output shaft of the other end is provided with the slideway of an inclination and the breach in slideway lower end, is provided with the button spring that upwards resets and in tip chute, moves the brake component that drives driver plate to move horizontally below clutch button; Hand-operated clutch device also comprise be located at output shaft makes output shaft upwards reset axle spring, with being located in output shaft bottom and the connecting axle that can relatively rotate with output shaft and being located at slideway that connecting axle can tilt at driver plate being moved into the projection of breach, on front side of breach, be provided with the stopper slot that projection is moved up and down.
9. washing machine according to claim 6, is characterized in that: described lifting mechanism is be located at the floating drum below interior bucket.
10. washing machine according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: in interior bucket, be provided with an impeller, output shaft is fixedly connected with impeller, bottom of the barrel is provided with internal spline, corresponding to output shaft being established an external splines, internal spline is separated when washing with external splines, and when dewatering, engagement makes impeller, interior bucket and output shaft be integrated; In floating drum drives, bucket floats and comprises two stages, the first stage is that floating drum first drives that interior bucket floats separately, impeller and output shaft motionless, this stage correspondence realizes internal spline and is separated with external splines, and interior bucket is relative with output shaft free; Second stage is that floating drum continues to drive interior bucket to float, drive impeller and output shaft to move upward simultaneously, and this stage correspondence realizes washing stage clutch.
CN201010603435.7A 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 A kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine and this washing machine Active CN102021792B (en)

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CN102359009B (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-10-24 合肥荣事达洗衣设备制造有限公司 Energy-saving buoyancy type clutch
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Effective date of registration: 20160809

Address after: 266101 Haier Industrial Park, No. 1, Haier Road, hi tech park, Laoshan District, Shandong, China

Patentee after: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.

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Patentee before: haier group corporation

Patentee before: Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co., Ltd.