CN102021792A - Double-pedal gear drive system used for motile washing machine and washing machine - Google Patents

Double-pedal gear drive system used for motile washing machine and washing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102021792A
CN102021792A CN2010106034357A CN201010603435A CN102021792A CN 102021792 A CN102021792 A CN 102021792A CN 2010106034357 A CN2010106034357 A CN 2010106034357A CN 201010603435 A CN201010603435 A CN 201010603435A CN 102021792 A CN102021792 A CN 102021792A
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China
Prior art keywords
output shaft
unilateral bearing
tooth
groove
washing machine
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CN2010106034357A
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CN102021792B (en
Inventor
杨明旭
许升
刘杰
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Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Haier Group Corp
Qingdao Haier Washing Machine Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201010603435.7A priority Critical patent/CN102021792B/en
Publication of CN102021792A publication Critical patent/CN102021792A/en
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Publication of CN102021792B publication Critical patent/CN102021792B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a double-pedal gear drive system used for a motile washing machine and the motile washing machine. The drive system comprises a base, an output shaft, two transmission mechanisms and a pedal plate, wherein the transmission mechanisms are used for transmitting motive power to the output shaft; the pedal plate provides the motive power; the output shaft moves up and down in the axle direction to realizing washing and dehydration clutch; the transmission system also comprises an upper umbrella tooth and a lower umbrella tooth which are axially sleeved on the output shaft at interval; the upper umbrella tooth and the lower umbrella tooth are axially fixed and do not move up and down along with the output shaft; the transmission mechanisms are symmetrically arranged relative to the upper umbrella tooth and the lower umbrella tooth; the upper umbrella tooth is internally provided with a first one-way bearing, the lower umbrella tooth is internally provided with a second one-way bearing and a third one-way bearing which are oppositely arranged, and the installation direction of the second one-way bearing is opposite to that of the third one-way bearing; the output shaft is provided with a groove section the diameter of which is smaller; and by means of the up and down movement of the output shaft, one of the one-way bearings fails so as to achieve washing positive and negative turn and dehydration coincidental turn. The double-footstep gear drive system provided by the invention has the characteristics of simple structure, uniform force and high reliability.

Description

A kind of two pedal gear train assembly and this washing machine that is used for the sports type washing machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of washing machine, specifically is a kind of sports type washing machine and transmission system, especially a kind of two pedal formula sports type washing machine and gear train assembly.
Background technology
Conventional laundry apparatus all is to utilize the electric energy drive motor, as automatic washing machine, by the work that driven by motor impeller or interior bucket wash or dewater, still the process of washing and dehydration is to lean on the arrangement of clutch such as the speed-reducing clutch of a cover complexity to switch, complex process, the cost height; In addition as two-tub washing machine, impeller and centrifugal dehydration bucket are realized washing, are dried function respectively by two motor-driven, also are to realize washing with dehydration by electric power and two stavings; Another mop washing dries device, and washing and drying are in a covering device, but the conversion that can not wash and dewater is used inconvenient.In conventional laundry apparatus when laundry,, the user need wait for the end of washing process, in this process, when inevitably having user charge, the shortcoming of washing machine expense electricity, function singleness.
Existing sports type washing machine, as application number is that 01261054.2 Chinese patent discloses a kind of energy-conservation sports type washing machine, washing machine and treadmill link together by transmission device, treadmill transfers energy to washing machine by transmission device, the user must buy a treadmill when buying washing machine, increase purchase cost, limited customer group; In order to reach clean result, each producer has carried out large-scale transformation to washing machine, such as impeller design is being waited (to the description and the structure-irrelevant of the present invention of prior art) above the sidewall of washtub, in fact this need existing washing machine production line is transformed on a large scale, increase production cost, be unfavorable for industrial production.
Application number is that 200710165244.5 Chinese patent discloses a kind of treadle type washing machine with one machine and double barrels, comprises a treadle type washing machine with one machine and double barrels that is provided with main support, seat.During use, dirty linen is gone into to put in the machine bucket, the clear water that reinjects covers bung, is sitting on the seat, and pin is stepped on foot-driven lever, and drive machine bucket rotates, and the clothing in the machine bucket is washed.
Application number is that the Chinese patent of 200620092875.X discloses a kind of body-building washing machine, be provided with travel(l)ing rest, be connected with handlebar and vehicle seat respectively on two poles of travel(l)ing rest, on travel(l)ing rest, be provided with pedal, the connecting axle of pedal is provided with driving wheel, driving wheel is connected with driven pulley, and driven pulley places in the cabinet, and driven pulley is connected with pinion, pinion is meshed with gear wheel, gear wheel drives wobble wheel, and wobble wheel is meshed with reverse wheel, and reverse wheel is connected with change pulley, change pulley is connected with accelerating pulley, accelerating pulley is connected with drive bevel gear, and drive bevel gear is meshed with driven wheel of differential, and driven wheel of differential is connected with the interior impeller of case of doing washing.
Above-mentioned washing machine structure all needs existing washing machine production line is transformed on a large scale, has increased production cost, is unfavorable for industrial production.
Application number is that 200710051486.1 Chinese patent discloses a kind of foot-operated washer, and profile, driving mechanism, executing agency, washing mechanism that it includes conventional laundry apparatus form.When washed, height according to the people will horizontally slip handrail being pulled upwardly suitable height, both hands are held thereon, and right crus of diaphragm is trampled pedal and moved up and down, and drive arc rotating shaft by steel bar rod with pedal and make forward and reverse circular motion, washing clothes, after cleaning, only need director switch is stirred to the right, trample pedal once more, clothing is just done rotation at a high speed in the washing machine courage, dry clothing.The transmission device production cost of above-mentioned washing machine is higher, and structure is comparatively complicated, and damage easily, the maintenance rate height.
The applicant has also applied for the patent that an override type is transported merit type washing machine before, but washing machine has only a pedal, and the single pin of user is trampled pedal, drives impeller or inner core rotation by gear train assembly, realizes washing and dehydration.Owing to be that single pin is trampled pedal, unavoidably occur following point in the use: when one, single pin was trampled sports type washing machine pedal, user's both feet discontinuity caused user's fatigue easily, has reduced the serviceability of washing machine; Two, having only a pedal and pedal generally all is off-axis designs, in the washing machine running, inevitably causes the asymmetric stressed of washing machine, and then has influence on the concentricity of axle, washing machine vibrations and noise is had a negative impact etc.
Existing two pedal scenario-frame complexity generally adopts multi-stage gear transmission, planetary gear transmission, output shaft and gear to move up and down to realize and washs and the conversion of dehydration, has caused the washing machine reliability lower, has restricted large-scale industrial production.
In view of this special proposition the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, and a kind of uniform two pedal gear train assembly simple in structure, stressed is provided.
Another object of the present invention is to provide the washing machine of the sports type with this transmission system.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts the basic design of technical scheme to be: a kind of two pedal gear train assembly that is used for the sports type washing machine, comprise base, output shaft, transmission is given the transmission mechanism of outputting axial power and the pedal of power is provided, output shaft in the axial direction, move down and realize washing and dehydration clutch, described transmission system also comprises and axially goes up spacer sleeve umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth on the output shaft, last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth are fixing in the axial direction not to move up and down with output shaft, described transmission mechanism is two groups and is symmetrical in umbrella tooth and the setting of subumbrella tooth, be provided with first unilateral bearing in the last umbrella tooth, be provided with second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing in the subumbrella tooth, first unilateral bearing is identical with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, second unilateral bearing is opposite with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, output shaft is provided with the less groove section of diameter, output shaft moves upward, only make the arbitrary unilateral bearing in win unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing be positioned at the groove section and ineffective, transmission mechanism drives the rotation of output shaft both forward and reverse directions when realizing washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only makes second unilateral bearing be positioned at the groove section and ineffective, and transmission mechanism drives the same direction rotation of output shaft when realizing dehydration.
Second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being located in the subumbrella tooth in proper order up and down, described groove section is two, by being located on the output shaft in proper order up and down, between distance satisfy: output shaft moves upward, have only first unilateral bearing to be positioned at the upper groove section, last umbrella tooth is ineffective, and second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and the moving output shaft rotating of subumbrella cingulum realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and has only second unilateral bearing to be positioned at the low groove section, first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive direction of output shaft in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration.
Second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being located in the subumbrella tooth in proper order up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section be between first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing apart from length, satisfy: output shaft moves upward, have only first unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, last umbrella tooth is ineffective, and second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and the moving output shaft rotating of subumbrella cingulum realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and has only second unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive direction of output shaft in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration.
The 3rd unilateral bearing and second unilateral bearing are by being located in the subumbrella tooth in proper order up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section satisfies: output shaft moves upward, have only the 3rd unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, first unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and the moving output shaft rotating of upper and lower umbrella cingulum realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and has only second unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive direction of output shaft in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration.
Described base is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening, transmission mechanism and upper and lower umbrella tooth all are located in this vertical opening, transmission mechanism is two groups, be symmetrically set on the two side of vertical opening, every group of transmission mechanism comprises an arc, pedal and arc one and outside circumference, extend to the vertical opening outside along the one edge radius, arc is hubbed in the vertical opening by a pivot, pivot is provided with and makes arc rotate the torsion spring that resets, and arc is provided with and upper and lower umbrella tooth meshed gears assembly.
Described gear assembly comprise can with first driving gear of last umbrella tooth engagement and can with second driving gear of subumbrella tooth engagement, second driving gear is the arc-shaped rack that is provided with along the arc circumference, be parallel to circumference on the arc and have a deep-slotted chip breaker, deep-slotted chip breaker is provided with interior tooth bar along arc limit outer rim, the tooth bar pivot is provided with a duplex gear in corresponding, the turning cylinder of duplicate gear passes on the sidewall that deep-slotted chip breaker is fixed on vertical opening, duplicate gear comprise with the straight-tooth of interior tooth bar engagement and can with first driving gear of last umbrella tooth engagement, the helical teeth angle of inclination of first driving gear and second driving gear is corresponding with last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth respectively.
Perhaps, described gear assembly only is first driving gear of said structure, and first driving gear is common to be meshed with last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth.
Washing machine of the present invention, comprise the staving that is filled with water and be arranged at the interior bucket of placing clothing in the staving, output shaft moves in the axial direction, down realizes washing and dehydration clutch, realize moving up by rising mechanism when described output shaft washs, realize moving down by the gravity of clothing at least during dehydration.
Described output shaft is fixedlyed connected with interior bucket, and interior bucket bottom is integrally formed with impeller and/or sidewall is provided with fin.
Described rising mechanism is a manual arrangement of clutch, and this manual clutch device comprises the arrangement of clutch base, be located on the arrangement of clutch base driver plate that can move along a horizontal direction and drive the clutch button that driver plate moves horizontally; Driver plate one end is provided with driving spring and the tip chute that resets, the bottom of the corresponding output shaft of the other end is provided with a slideway that tilts and at the breach of slideway lower end, clutch button below be provided with the button spring that upwards resets and in tip chute motion to drive the brake component that driver plate moves horizontally; The manual clutch device also comprise be located at make on the output shaft axle spring that output shaft upwards resets, with being located in output shaft bottom and the connecting axle that can relatively rotate with output shaft and being located at the projection that can on the slideway that driver plate tilts, be moved into breach on the connecting axle, the breach front side is provided with the stopper slot that makes that projection moves up and down.
Perhaps, described rising mechanism is the floating drum of bucket below in being located at.
Be provided with an impeller in interior bucket, output shaft is fixedlyed connected with impeller, and interior bucket bottom is provided with internal spline, and corresponding to establishing an external splines on the output shaft, internal spline separates when washing with external splines, and engagement makes impeller, interior bucket and output shaft be integrated when dehydration; Bucket floated and comprises that two stages, phase I are that the independent come-up of bucket, impeller and output shaft were motionless in floating drum elder generation drove in floating drum drove, and this stage correspondence realizes that internal spline separates with external splines, and interior bucket is relative with output shaft free; Second stage is bucket come-up in floating drum continue to drive, drive impeller simultaneously and output shaft moves upward, and this stage is corresponding realizes washing stage clutch.
After adopting technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect.
The present invention is designed to pure man power input with the power of washing machine, not only can realize zero of electric energy is consumed, and allows the user take exercises when can also do washing; Simultaneously, this washing machine has utilized the clutch that moves up and down between realization washing and the dehydration of output shaft to switch, and has simplified the clutch drive mechanism, has saved production and installation cost.The present invention improves the pedal structure, two pedals of bilateral symmetry design and two sets of transmission mechanism at output shaft, increased planetary gear construction simultaneously, in washing or dehydration, the user is sitting on the stool both feet and tramples pedal simultaneously, be difficult for producing fatigue, improved the serviceability of washing machine.
The present invention adopts exclusive two pedal structure, and in the washing machine running, upper and lower umbrella toothing maintains static, and the upper and lower motion by output shaft realizes the clutch of washing and dewatering.During washing, the two-way rotation of output shaft, thus drive impeller or the forward and reverse rotation of interior bucket realization; During dehydration, the output shaft one-directional rotation, two pedal drives the output shaft geometric ratio and quickens one-directional rotation.By above-mentioned design, it is simple in structure, stressed even that the present invention has, and reliability also has high rotating speed, high efficiency advantage simultaneously than advantages such as height.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a drive system structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the invention one a described transmission system schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is the embodiment of the invention two described transmission system schematic diagrames;
Fig. 4 is a kind of transmission mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is a kind of sports type washing machine structure schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the embodiment of the invention three described transmission system schematic diagrames;
Fig. 7 is an another kind of transmission mechanism schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is an another kind of sports type washing machine rising of the present invention mechanism washing view;
Fig. 9 is an another kind of sports type washing machine rising of the present invention mechanism dewatering state schematic diagram;
Figure 10 is an another kind of rising structural scheme of mechanism of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Extremely shown in Figure 10 as Fig. 1, transmission system of the present invention is installed on the washing machine that artificial both feet are stepped on input power, this washing machine mainly comprises the staving 1 that is filled with water and is arranged at the interior bucket 2 of placing clothing in the staving 1, the below of bucket 2 in transmission system is installed on, comprise the pedal 3 that power is provided, output shaft 4, the transmission mechanism 6 of output shaft 4 power is given in base 5 and transmission, output shaft 4 in the axial direction, move down and realize washing and dehydration clutch, output shaft is realized moving up by rising mechanism during washing, the gravity by clothing during dehydration, the gravity and/or the downward realizations such as pressure of user of interior bucket move down.Described transmission system also comprises and axially goes up spacer sleeve umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 on the output shaft 4, last umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 are fixing in the axial direction not to move up and down with output shaft, described transmission mechanism 6 is two groups, be symmetrical in umbrella tooth 81 and 82 settings of subumbrella tooth, be provided with first unilateral bearing 83 in the last umbrella tooth 81, be provided with second unilateral bearing 84 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 in the subumbrella tooth 82, first unilateral bearing 83 is identical with the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 installation directions, second unilateral bearing 84 is opposite with the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 installation directions, output shaft 4 is provided with the less groove section of diameter, output shaft 4 moves upward, only make the arbitrary unilateral bearing in win unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing be positioned at the groove section and ineffective, transmission mechanism drives the rotation of output shaft both forward and reverse directions when realizing washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only makes second unilateral bearing be positioned at the groove section and ineffective, and transmission mechanism drives the same direction rotation of output shaft when realizing dehydration.
Described base 5 is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening 51, transmission mechanism 6 and planetary gear construction 8 all are located in this vertical opening 51, transmission mechanism 6 is on two groups of two sides that are symmetrically set in vertical opening 51, every group of transmission mechanism 6 comprises an arc 61, pedal 3 extends to vertical opening 51 outsides with arc 61 one and along the one edge radius outside circumference, arc 61 is hubbed in the vertical opening 51 by a pivot 62, pivot 62 is provided with and makes arc 61 rotate the torsion spring 63 that resets, and arc 61 is provided with last, subumbrella tooth 81,82 meshed gears assemblies.
Embodiment one
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, described second unilateral bearing 84 of present embodiment and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 are by being located in the subumbrella tooth 82 in proper order up and down, described groove section is two, be respectively upper groove section 40 and low groove section 41, by being located on the output shaft 4 in proper order up and down, between distance satisfy: during washing, output shaft 4 moves upward, have only first unilateral bearing 83 to be positioned at upper groove section 40, last umbrella tooth 81 is ineffective, and second unilateral bearing 84 and 85 actings in conjunction of the 3rd unilateral bearing are in output shaft 4, and gear assembly drives goes up subumbrella tooth 81, during 82 rotatings, last umbrella tooth 81 rotates but does not act on output shaft 4, and subumbrella tooth 82 drives output shaft 4 rotatings realization washing; During dehydration, output shaft 4 moves downward, at this moment, have only second unilateral bearing 84 to be positioned at low groove section 41, first unilateral bearing 83 and 85 actings in conjunction of the 3rd unilateral bearing, first unilateral bearing 83 is identical with the action direction of the 3rd unilateral bearing 85, and gear assembly drives when going up 81,82 rotatings of subumbrella tooth, and last umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 drive output shaft 4 in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration in one direction.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the difference of present embodiment and the foregoing description is, two groove sections are combined into a groove section 42 up and down, the length of groove section 42 be between first unilateral bearing 83 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 apart from length, satisfy: during washing, output shaft 4 moves upward, have only first unilateral bearing 83 to be positioned at groove section 42, last umbrella tooth 81 is ineffective, second unilateral bearing 84 and 85 actings in conjunction of the 3rd unilateral bearing are in output shaft 4, gear assembly drives goes up subumbrella tooth 81, during 82 rotatings, last umbrella tooth 81 rotates but does not act on output shaft 4, and subumbrella tooth 82 drives output shaft 4 rotatings realization washing; During dehydration, output shaft 4 moves downward, at this moment, have only second unilateral bearing 84 to be positioned at groove section 42, first unilateral bearing 83 and 85 actings in conjunction of the 3rd unilateral bearing, first unilateral bearing 83 is identical with the action direction of the 3rd unilateral bearing 85, and gear assembly drives when going up 81,82 rotatings of subumbrella tooth, and last umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 drive output shaft 4 in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration in one direction.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6, present embodiment is that second unilateral bearing 84 is opposite with the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 erection sequences with the difference of above-mentioned two embodiment, the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 is above second unilateral bearing 84, described output shaft is provided with a groove section 43, the length of groove section 43 satisfies: during washing, output shaft 4 moves upward, have only the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 to be positioned at groove section 43, first unilateral bearing 83 and 84 actings in conjunction of second unilateral bearing are in output shaft 4, because first unilateral bearing 83 is opposite with 84 effects of second unilateral bearing, on gear assembly drives, subumbrella tooth 81, during 82 rotatings, on, subumbrella tooth 81,82 drive the output shaft rotating realizes washing; During dehydration, output shaft 4 moves downward, have only second unilateral bearing 84 to be positioned at groove section 43, first unilateral bearing 83 and 85 actings in conjunction of the 3rd unilateral bearing, and action direction is identical, gear assembly drives when going up 81,82 rotatings of subumbrella tooth, and last umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 drive output shaft 4 in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration in one direction.
Among above-mentioned three embodiment, the diameter of axle of groove section is preferably 0.2-0.3mm than the little 0.1-0.4mm of internal diameter of three unilateral bearings.
Embodiment four
As shown in Figure 4, the described gear assembly of present embodiment comprise can with first driving gear 64 of last umbrella tooth 81 engagements and can with second driving gear 65 of subumbrella tooth 82 engagements, second driving gear 65 is the arc-shaped rack that is provided with along the arc circumference, be parallel to circumference on the arc 61 and have a deep-slotted chip breaker 66, tooth bar 67 in deep-slotted chip breaker 66 is provided with along arc limit outer rim, tooth bar 67 pivots are provided with a duplex gear (consulting Fig. 7) in corresponding, the turning cylinder 68 of duplicate gear passes on the sidewall that deep-slotted chip breaker 66 is fixed on vertical opening 51, duplicate gear comprises and the straight-tooth 69 of interior tooth bar 67 engagements and corresponding with last umbrella tooth 81 and subumbrella tooth 82 respectively with the helical teeth angle of inclination of first driving gear, 64, the first driving gears 64 of last umbrella tooth 81 engagements and second driving gear 65.The described structure of this embodiment can be used in combination with above-mentioned arbitrary embodiment respectively.
Embodiment five
As shown in Figure 7, the difference of present embodiment and the foregoing description four is: described gear assembly only is first driving gear of said structure, 64 common and last umbrella tooth 81 and 82 engagements of subumbrella tooth of first driving gear.
Embodiment six
As shown in Figure 5, the described output shaft 4 of present embodiment is fixedlyed connected with interior bucket 2, and interior bucket 2 bottoms are integrally formed with impeller and/or sidewall is provided with fin.This structure can be used in combination with above-mentioned arbitrary embodiment respectively.
Embodiment seven
As Fig. 8 and shown in Figure 9, but be provided with the impeller 20 of an independent rotation in present embodiment is described in the bucket 2, output shaft 4 is fixedlyed connected with impeller 20, interior bucket 2 bottoms are provided with internal spline 21, corresponding to establishing an external splines 22 on the output shaft 4, internal spline 21 separates when washing with external splines 22, and engagement makes impeller 20, interior bucket 2 and output shaft 4 be combined as a whole when dehydration.This structure can be respectively and the foregoing description one to embodiment five arbitrary being used in combination.
Embodiment eight
As Fig. 5, Fig. 8 and shown in Figure 9, the described rising of present embodiment mechanism is the floating drum 9 of bucket 2 belows in being located at, the height of come-up only is provided with a limiting structure and gets final product, and this is designed to well known to a person skilled in the art technology, and this structure can be used in combination with above-mentioned arbitrary embodiment respectively.
When combining with embodiment seven, as shown in Figure 8, interior bucket 2 come-ups of floating drum 9 drives comprise that two stages, phase I are that come-up, impeller 20 and output shaft 4 are motionless separately for the interior bucket 2 of floating drum 9 drive earlier, corresponding realization of this stage internal spline 21 separates with external splines 22, and interior bucket 2 and output shaft 4 are relative free; Second stage is bucket 2 come-ups in floating drum 9 continues to drive, drive impeller 20 simultaneously and output shaft 4 moves upward, and this stage is corresponding realizes washing stage clutch.When promptly combining with embodiment one, two, first unilateral bearing 83 falls in the groove section, and is ineffective; When combining with embodiment three, the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 falls in the groove section, and is ineffective.
Embodiment nine
As shown in figure 10, present embodiment can be respectively and embodiment one to embodiment six arbitrary the combination, described rising mechanism is a manual arrangement of clutch 7, and this manual clutch device 7 comprises arrangement of clutch base 70, be located on the arrangement of clutch base 70 driver plate 71 that can move along a horizontal direction and drive the clutch button 72 that driver plate 71 moves horizontally; Driver plate 71 1 ends are provided with driving spring 73 and the tip chute 74 that resets, the bottom of the corresponding output shaft 4 of the other end is provided with the breach 76 that a slideway that tilts 75 reaches in slideway 75 lower ends, and clutch button 72 belows are provided with the button spring 77 that upwards resets and move in tip chute 74 to drive the brake component 78 that driver plate 71 moves horizontally; Manual clutch device 7 also comprise be located at make on the output shaft 4 axle spring 47 that output shaft 4 upwards resets, with being located in output shaft 4 bottoms and the connecting axle 44 that can relatively rotate with output shaft 4 and being located at the projection 45 that can on the slideway 75 that driver plate 74 tilts, be moved into breach 76 on the connecting axle 44, breach 76 front sides are provided with the stopper slot 79 that makes that projection 45 moves up and down, this projection 45 is for removably being located at the pin on the connecting axle 44, axle spring 47 tops are provided with 46 of spring pads, and axle spring shim 46 is fixed on the output shaft 4.
Combine with embodiment one, under the normal condition (dewatering state), projection 45 inserts in the hole of connecting axle 44 lower ends, projection 45 is limited in breach 76 places of driver plate 71 right-hand members simultaneously, this moment, second unilateral bearing 84 was in the low groove section 41, first unilateral bearing 83 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 act on the output shaft 4, because projection 45 in stopper slot 79, limits connecting axle 44 simultaneously and can not rotate.
Before the washing, clutch button 72 is applied downward power, brake component 78 moves under oblique along tip chute 74, give the power of driver plate one level, make driver plate 71 to driving spring 73 1 lateral movements, at this moment, projection 45 spins off from the breach 76 of driver plate 71, and output shaft 4 moves upward under the effect of axle spring 47, and this moment, first unilateral bearing 83 was in the upper groove section 40, second unilateral bearing 84 and the 3rd unilateral bearing 85 act on output shaft 4, connecting axle 44 does not rotate, and output shaft 4 relatively rotates, simultaneously, homing under the effect of clutch button 72 and button spring 77, driver plate 71 is homing under the effect of driving spring 73.
Washing finishes, and internally bucket 2 applies downward power, and the slideway 75 that this moment, projection 45 tilted along driver plate 71 glides and drives driver plate 71 to driving spring 73 1 lateral movements, and projection 45 is limited in breach 76 places of driver plate 71 right-hand members again.
The present invention is designed to pure man power input with the power of washing machine, not only can realize zero of electric energy is consumed, and allows the user take exercises when can also do washing; Simultaneously, this washing machine has utilized the clutch that moves up and down between realization washing and the dehydration of output shaft to switch, and has simplified the clutch drive mechanism, has saved production and installation cost.The present invention improves the pedal structure, two pedals of bilateral symmetry design and two sets of transmission mechanism at output shaft, increased planetary gear construction simultaneously, in washing or dehydration, the user is sitting on the stool both feet and tramples pedal simultaneously, be difficult for producing fatigue, improved the serviceability of washing machine.
The present invention adopts exclusive two pedal structure, and in the washing machine running, upper and lower umbrella toothing maintains static, and the upper and lower motion by output shaft realizes the clutch of washing and dewatering. During washing, the output shaft Double-directional rotary, thus drive impeller or the forward and reverse rotation of interior bucket realization; During dehydration, the output shaft one-directional rotation, two pedal drives the output shaft geometric ratio and accelerates one-directional rotation. By above-mentioned design, it is simple in structure, stressed even that the present invention has, and reliability also has high rotating speed, high efficiency advantage simultaneously than advantages of higher.

Claims (10)

1. two pedal gear train assembly that is used for the sports type washing machine, comprise base, output shaft, transmission is given the transmission mechanism of outputting axial power and the pedal of power is provided, output shaft in the axial direction, move down and realize washing and dehydration clutch, it is characterized in that: described transmission system also comprises and axially goes up spacer sleeve umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth on the output shaft, last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth are fixing in the axial direction not to move up and down with output shaft, described transmission mechanism is two groups and is symmetrical in umbrella tooth and the setting of subumbrella tooth, be provided with first unilateral bearing in the last umbrella tooth, be provided with second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing in the subumbrella tooth, first unilateral bearing is identical with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, second unilateral bearing is opposite with the 3rd unilateral bearing installation direction, output shaft is provided with the less groove section of diameter, output shaft moves upward, only make the arbitrary unilateral bearing in win unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing be positioned at the groove section and ineffective, transmission mechanism drives the rotation of output shaft both forward and reverse directions when realizing washing; Output shaft moves downward, and only makes second unilateral bearing be positioned at the groove section and ineffective, and transmission mechanism drives the same direction rotation of output shaft when realizing dehydration.
2. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly that is used for the sports type washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being located in the subumbrella tooth in proper order up and down, described groove section is two, by being located on the output shaft in proper order up and down, between distance satisfy: output shaft moves upward, have only first unilateral bearing to be positioned at the upper groove section, last umbrella tooth is ineffective, second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and the moving output shaft rotating of subumbrella cingulum realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and has only second unilateral bearing to be positioned at the low groove section, first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive direction of output shaft in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration.
3. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly that is used for the sports type washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing are by being located in the subumbrella tooth in proper order up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section be between first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing apart from length, satisfy: output shaft moves upward, have only first unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, last umbrella tooth is ineffective, second unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and the moving output shaft rotating of subumbrella cingulum realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and has only second unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive direction of output shaft in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration.
4. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly that is used for the sports type washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the 3rd unilateral bearing and second unilateral bearing are by being located in the subumbrella tooth in proper order up and down, described groove Duan Weiyi, the length of groove section satisfies: output shaft moves upward, have only the 3rd unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, first unilateral bearing and the second unilateral bearing acting in conjunction are in output shaft, and the moving output shaft rotating of upper and lower umbrella cingulum realizes washing; Output shaft moves downward, and has only second unilateral bearing to be positioned at the groove section, first unilateral bearing and the 3rd unilateral bearing acting in conjunction, and last umbrella tooth and subumbrella tooth drive direction of output shaft in the same way and rotate the realization dehydration.
5. a kind of two pedal gear train assembly that is used for the sports type washing machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described base is provided with one and extends to inner vertical opening, transmission mechanism and last, the subumbrella tooth all is located in this vertical opening, transmission mechanism is two groups, be symmetrically set on the two side of vertical opening, every group of transmission mechanism comprises an arc, pedal and arc one and outside circumference, extend to the vertical opening outside along the one edge radius, arc is hubbed in the vertical opening by a pivot, pivot is provided with and makes arc rotate the torsion spring that resets, and arc is provided with last, subumbrella tooth meshed gears assembly.
One kind have as claim 1-5 arbitrary as described in the washing machine of transmission system, comprise the staving that is filled with water and be arranged at the interior bucket of placing clothing in the staving, output shaft moves in the axial direction, down realizes washing and dehydration clutch, it is characterized in that: realize moving up by rising mechanism when described output shaft washs, realize moving down by the gravity of clothing at least during dehydration.
7. washing machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described output shaft is fixedlyed connected with interior bucket, and interior bucket bottom is integrally formed with impeller and/or sidewall is provided with fin.
8. according to claim 6 or 7 described washing machines, it is characterized in that: described rising mechanism is a manual arrangement of clutch, and this manual clutch device comprises the arrangement of clutch base, be located on the arrangement of clutch base driver plate that can move along a horizontal direction and drive the clutch button that driver plate moves horizontally; Driver plate one end is provided with driving spring and the tip chute that resets, the bottom of the corresponding output shaft of the other end is provided with a slideway that tilts and at the breach of slideway lower end, clutch button below be provided with the button spring that upwards resets and in tip chute motion to drive the brake component that driver plate moves horizontally; The manual clutch device also comprise be located at make on the output shaft axle spring that output shaft upwards resets, with being located in output shaft bottom and the connecting axle that can relatively rotate with output shaft and being located at the projection that can on the slideway that driver plate tilts, be moved into breach on the connecting axle, the breach front side is provided with the stopper slot that makes that projection moves up and down.
9. washing machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that: described rising mechanism is the floating drum of bucket below in being located at.
10. washing machine according to claim 9, it is characterized in that: in interior bucket, be provided with an impeller, output shaft is fixedlyed connected with impeller, interior bucket bottom is provided with internal spline, corresponding to establishing an external splines on the output shaft, internal spline separates when washing with external splines, and engagement makes impeller, interior bucket and output shaft be integrated when dehydration; Bucket floated and comprises that two stages, phase I are that the independent come-up of bucket, impeller and output shaft were motionless in floating drum elder generation drove in floating drum drove, and this stage correspondence realizes that internal spline separates with external splines, and interior bucket is relative with output shaft free; Second stage is bucket come-up in floating drum continue to drive, drive impeller simultaneously and output shaft moves upward, and this stage is corresponding realizes washing stage clutch.
CN201010603435.7A 2010-12-21 2010-12-21 A kind of two pedal gear train assembly for sports washing machine and this washing machine Active CN102021792B (en)

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CN102199861A (en) * 2011-05-10 2011-09-28 海尔集团公司 Pedal type washing machine and multi-gear transmission system used for same
CN102359009A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-02-22 合肥荣事达洗衣设备制造有限公司 Energy-saving buoyancy type clutch
CN109778481A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-05-21 王胡昊洋 A kind of sport and body-building formula car washing installation

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CN101899759A (en) * 2010-05-21 2010-12-01 海尔集团公司 Pedal washing machine
CN101899765A (en) * 2010-05-21 2010-12-01 海尔集团公司 Motion type washing machine with manual engaging and disengaging device
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CN201631148U (en) * 2010-02-09 2010-11-17 李雪梅 Pedaling rotary type double-drive bucket integrating dehydration and washing into whole and mop thereof
CN101899759A (en) * 2010-05-21 2010-12-01 海尔集团公司 Pedal washing machine
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CN102199861A (en) * 2011-05-10 2011-09-28 海尔集团公司 Pedal type washing machine and multi-gear transmission system used for same
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CN109778481A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-05-21 王胡昊洋 A kind of sport and body-building formula car washing installation
CN109778481B (en) * 2019-03-28 2020-11-24 王胡昊洋 Sports fitness type washing device

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