CN102251459A - System for carrying out collection, purification and utilization on rainwater on road surfaces - Google Patents

System for carrying out collection, purification and utilization on rainwater on road surfaces Download PDF

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CN102251459A
CN102251459A CN2011101146219A CN201110114621A CN102251459A CN 102251459 A CN102251459 A CN 102251459A CN 2011101146219 A CN2011101146219 A CN 2011101146219A CN 201110114621 A CN201110114621 A CN 201110114621A CN 102251459 A CN102251459 A CN 102251459A
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layer
road
rainwater
groove
water
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CN2011101146219A
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CN102251459B (en
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李家科
李怀恩
杜光斐
黄池钧
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西安理工大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W10/00Technologies for wastewater treatment
    • Y02W10/10Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage

Abstract

The invention provides a system for carrying out collection, purification and utilization on rainwater on road surfaces, and the system comprises a groove and one or more packing units arranged in the groove, wherein the two sides of each packing unit are respectively provided with a baffle, a ventilation well is formed between two baffles arranged at the head end and tail end of two adjacent packing units, and a ventilation well is formed among the baffles at the two ends of the groove and the inner side wall of the groove; the bottom surface of each packing unit is provided with a concrete grating, a water collecting sump is formed between the concrete grating and the internal bottom surface of the groove, and the water collecting sump is mutually communicated with all the ventilation wells; and the packing unit on the concrete grating is composed of a cobble layer, a gravel layer, a matrix layer and a planting soil layer which are sequentially arranged from bottom to top, and plants are planted in the planting soil layer. Rainwater which is purified by the system disclosed by the invention can satisfy the needs of agricultural water and general landscape water.

Description

A kind of road surface rainwater harvests the purification utilization system
Technical field
The invention belongs to rainwater and harvest the purification utilization technical field, be specifically related to a kind of road surface rainwater and harvest the purification utilization system.
Background technology
Water resource is very important special again natural resource, is the mankind's base substance of depending on for existence and the restraining factors of human kind sustainable development.Along with world population expands, water shortage problem constitutes a threat to the whole world.China belongs to the developing country of water resource poorness, the per capita water yield 2400 ~ 2500 m 3/ a is world occupancy volume per person's 1/4th.Simultaneously, China also faces serious water environment pollution problem, and water pollution mainly contains two big classes: i.e. point-source pollution (Point Source Pollution) and non-point pollution (Non-point Source Pollution).Non-point pollution mainly is meant under the leaching and souring of rainfall runoff (comprising irrigation), pollutant in the atmosphere, in ground and the soil enters water body such as rivers, lake and reservoir and ocean and the water that causes pollutes, this pollution is also referred to as pollution of area source, is ubiquitous.Source by non-point pollution can be divided into it city non-point source and agricultural non-point source.Urban non-point source pollution increases the weight of with the raising of the urbanization level.EPA (USEPA) classifies city overland runoff as cause river, the whole America and lake pollution the third-largest pollution sources.
At present, city water resource shortage and water pollution problems need to be resolved hurrily, and rainwater is the primary measure of carrying out " increasing income and decreasing expenditure " as basic, the most direct, the most most economical water resource.Simultaneously, both domestic and external facts have proved, ecological technique is one of fundamental way that solves non-point pollution.The ecological technique that non-point pollution is administered mainly is the measure of controlling pollutant by approach such as the material balance of the control ecosystem and flow of matter, makes full use of the detergent power of soil, vegetation and water body, holds back materials such as nitrogen, phosphorus, silt.It is lower that ecological technique has expense, is benefited in many ways, is fit to advantages such as multiple condition, is a kind of practical and effective non-point source pollution control approach.
This shows, need utilize ecological technique to research and develop a kind of novel rainwater and harvest the purification utilization device reuse is collected, handles and given to urban rainfall runoff, to realize the dual purpose of exploitation freshwater resources and control urban non-point source pollution.Artificial swamp is that development rainwater early harvests the purification utilization ecological technique, and it is to utilize physics in the natural ecosystems, chemistry and biological triple synergies to realize the former water purification effect of import.It is low investment, low energy consumption, the effective water treatment system that price is the cheapest in the world at present, is a kind of method that is adapted to very much green city's construction, ecological environmental protection, purifying domestic sewage, rainwater collection and purification.
The artificial swamp treating apparatus mainly contains horizontal flow artificial wetland and handles bed and vertical current constructed wetland processing bed, about 0.6 ~ the 0.8m of the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land height of bed, adopt thick matrix such as gravel as treatment media, former water is bottom horizontal flow sheet under the face of land of artificial swamp, and kind is implanted with large-scale emergent aquactic plant such as reed, cattail and the Scirpus tabernaemontani etc. that secrete the oxygen ability in hypothallus, utilizes the oxygen ability of secreting of water plant to provide oxygen for the organic substance that the biomembrane on the artificial swamp matrix decomposes in the former water.More than the vertical current constructed wetland height of bed 1.0m, usually adopt thinner matrix such as sand as filtration media, former water is obtaining handling in the downward vertical infiltration process in top layer, and its plant of adopting great majority are reed, cyperus alternifolius and vetiver etc.
The weak point that exists has: (1) horizontal flow artificial wetland is handled bed and is had shortcomings such as aerobic condition deficiency, though it can remove SS well, and can remove some BOD.But he is bad to the removal effect of ammonia nitrogen usually.Because it can not finish the nitrifying process of most of waste water, even it has stronger denitrification ability, thereby can not independently finish two processing procedures of nitrification and denitrification of waste water, to reach the purpose that denitrogenation of waste water is handled.(2) vertical current constructed wetland processing bed is stronger to the disposal ability and the nitrated ability of oxygen consumption organic in the waste water, and it has better aerobic condition than horizontal flow artificial wetland, and to BOD in the waste water 5All better with the removal effect of COD, but poor than horizontal flow artificial wetland to the removal effect of SS, and blockage phenomenon very easily; Though it is nitrated very capable to waste water, its denitrification ability is also poor than horizontal flow artificial wetland, thereby can not finish two processing procedures of nitrification and denitrification of waste water separately, to reach the purpose that denitrogenation of waste water is handled.(3) vertical current constructed wetland processing bed and horizontal flow artificial wetland are handled two kinds of artificial swamps of bed to the removal ability of phosphorus in the former water all relatively poor (<30 ~ 40%), and matrix such as sand of existing extensive employing, gravel is shorter saturated application life to the absorption of phosphorus, general 2 ~ 3 years: even with horizontal flow artificial wetland and the vertical current constructed wetland composition hybrid system that is together in series, as still adopting sand, gravel matrix, its to the clearance of phosphorus still less than 60%.(4) present artificial swamp is handled a circle that generally is sealing or square, and floor space is bigger, needs the larger area ward construction that can finish artificial swamp is provided, and construction condition is restricted, and can not be extensive use of.(5) at present the artificial swamp plant of being adopted is most is annual shrub or herbaceous plant, and summer, treatment effect was no doubt desirable, but to winter plant withered after, Ying Xiang treatment effect not only, and influence attractive in appearance.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of road surface rainwater and harvest the purification utilization system, be based on vertical current constructed wetland and the urban road rainwater reconstructed harvests purification processing facility, but the water after the processing is through collecting direct reuse in city municipal administration and landscape water.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is, a kind of road surface rainwater harvests the purification utilization system, comprise groove and be arranged on the interior one or more filler units of groove, the both sides of each filler unit are respectively arranged with baffle plate, form the ventilation well between two baffle plates of adjacent two filler unit two ends, between the baffle plate at groove two ends and groove inside wall, form the well of ventilating; Each filler unit bottom surface is provided with a concrete grate, forms catch basin between concrete grate and the groove inner bottom surface, and catch basin and all ventilation well communicate with each other; Filler unit on the concrete grate is made up of the cobble layer that sets gradually from the bottom up, layer of gravel, hypothallus and plantation soil layer, plants on the plantation soil layer and is implanted with plant.
Wherein, catch basin is inclined to set.
Wherein, the low side of catch basin is provided with and the extraneous outlet pipe that communicates.
Its feature is that also the thickness of cobble layer is 0.05-0.2m, and the thickness of layer of gravel is 0.1-0.3m, and the thickness of hypothallus is 0.1-0.3m, and the plantation the thickness of the layer is 0.2-0.5m; The gross thickness of filler unit is 0.45-1.3m.
Wherein, hypothallus is fine coal grieshoch, blast furnace slag blanket, zeolite layer or mixture layer; Described mixture layer is any two or three mixture with the arbitrary proportion composition in flyash, blast furnace slag, the zeolite.
Its feature is that further each filler unit lining is equipped with many air ducts, and the bottom of air duct is positioned at the upper surface of cobble layer, and the top of air duct is higher than the upper surface of planting soil layer; The air duct length that is positioned at filler unit is H, be provided with a plurality of apertures from plantation soil layer upper surface to the air duct the downward 1/8H of plantation soil layer upper surface, be provided with a plurality of apertures to the air duct that cobble layer upper surface makes progress the 2/5H from cobble layer upper surface.
Wherein, the upper end of baffle plate is higher than plantation soil layer upper surface.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows,
1. based on vertical current constructed wetland, former current are through all packing layers, and are good than the horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land treatment effect, the treatment effeciency height, and capacity of resisting impact load is strong.Adopt matrix fills such as cobble, gravel, flyash (or blast furnace slag or zeolite or their matched combined), planting soil in the packing layer, to the stronger disposal ability that has of pollutants such as organic matter, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), heavy metal in the former water.Clearance to COD (COD) is 50% ~ 70%, is 40% ~ 60% to the clearance of total nitrogen (TN), to ammonia nitrogen (NH 3-N) clearance is about 50%, clearance to solubility orthophosphates (DP) is 70% ~ 90%, clearance to total phosphorus (TP) is 70% ~ 90%, clearance to heavy metal lead (Pb) is 30% ~ 40%, clearance to heavy metal chromium (Cr) is 20% ~ 30%, is 30% ~ 40% to the clearance of heavy metal cadmium (Cd).Native system and afforestation of city simultaneously combined closely, and enlarges its range of application, so that rainwater is fully effectively utilized.Through behind the system purification of the present invention, total nitrogen in the water outlet (TN), total phosphorus (TP), ammonia nitrogen (NH 3-N), COD (COD), suspension (SS), heavy metal main water quality index such as (mainly being lead, chromium, cadmium) be at the rainfall runoff early-stage rainwater, water outlet can reach " urban sewage reutilization city miscellaneous water water quality " (GB/T18920-2002) and " urban sewage reutilization landscape water water quality " related request (GB/T18921-2002) substantially.At rainfall runoff middle and later periods rainwater, water outlet can reach " water environment quality standard " (GB 3838-2002) V class water water quality substantially, to satisfy agricultural water and general landscape water demand.
2. improve air reaeration intensity by ventilation well and air duct are set, avoided the vertical current constructed wetland bottom, guaranteed effluent quality because anaerobism causes the phenomenon of water quality deterioration, fouling.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is that road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests the vertical view that a filler unit is set in the groove of purification utilization system;
Fig. 2 is that road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests the longitudinal sectional drawing that a filler unit is set in the groove of purification utilization system;
Fig. 3 is that road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests the longitudinal sectional drawing that a plurality of filler units are set in the groove of purification utilization system;
Fig. 4 is that road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests the schematic diagram that the purification utilization system is arranged on the road centre;
Fig. 5 is that road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests the schematic diagram that the purification utilization system is arranged on the road both sides;
Fig. 6 is that air duct is embedded in the structural representation in the filler unit.
Among the figure, 1. groove, 2. baffle plate, 3. ventilation well, 4. concrete grate, 5. catch basin, 6. cobble layer, 7. layer of gravel, 8. hypothallus 9. kind is planted soil layer, 10. outlet pipe, 11. air ducts, 12. metal screens, 13. road surface rainwater harvest the purification utilization system, 14. roads.
The specific embodiment
The present invention is described in detail below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the invention provides a kind of road surface rainwater and harvest the purification utilization system, comprise groove 1 and be arranged on a filler unit in the groove 1, the both sides of filler unit are respectively arranged with baffle plate 2, form the well 3 of ventilating between baffle plate 2 and groove 1 inside wall; The filler unit bottom surface is provided with concrete grate 4, forms catch basin 5 between concrete grate 4 and groove 1 inner bottom surface, catch basin 5 and two ventilation wells 3 formation " U " the shape gallery of ventilating that communicates with each other; Catch basin 5 is inclined to set, and its gradient is 0.01 ~ 0.015(11), and the low side of catch basin 5 is provided with and the extraneous outlet pipe 10 that communicates.
Rainwater of the present invention harvests centre or the both sides that the purification utilization system can be arranged in road 14, in groove 1, a plurality of filler units are set according to Len req, as shown in Figure 3, the both sides of each filler unit are respectively arranged with baffle plate 2, form ventilation well 3 between two baffle plates 2 of adjacent two filler unit two ends, between the baffle plate 2 at groove 1 two ends and groove 1 inside wall, also form the well 3 of ventilating; Each filler unit bottom surface is provided with a concrete grate 4, form catch basin 5 between concrete grate 4 and groove 1 inner bottom surface, catch basin 5 communicates with each other with all ventilation wells 3, catch basin 5 is inclined to set, its gradient is 0.01 ~ 0.015(11), and the low side of catch basin 5 is provided with and the extraneous outlet pipe 10 that communicates.
Filler unit on the concrete grate 4 is that 0.2-0.5m kind is planted soil layer 9 and formed by the thickness that sets gradually from the bottom up is the cobble layer 6 of 0.05-0.2m, layer of gravel 7 that thickness is 0.1-0.3m, thickness is 0.1-0.3m hypothallus 8 and thickness; The particle diameter of cobble is 50-100mm, and the particle diameter of gravel is 10-30mm, and the particle diameter of planting soil is 2-5mm; Hypothallus 8 is the fine coal grieshoch of particle diameter 1-3mm, the blast furnace slag blanket of particle diameter 5-10mm, the zeolite layer of particle diameter 3-5mm or the mixture layer of particle diameter 3-8mm, and mixture layer is the mixture that flyash, blast furnace slag, zeolite any two or three are formed with arbitrary proportion.Separate with geotextiles between every layer,, influence effluent quality or ventilatory effect in order to avoid fine particle stops up lower floor's filtrate or enters bottom catch basin 5 with handling water migration downwards.Each filler unit lining is equipped with many air ducts 11.Baffle plate 2 upper ends are higher than plantation soil layer 9, prevent that former infiltrate under water from causing overflow slowly and making the unprocessed bottom ventilation catch basin 5 that flows directly into of former water.Metal screen 12 is stamped in ventilation well 3 upper ends, in order to avoid the road surface deposit falls into.Plantation soil layer 9 is used for serike, be urban road green plants commonly used, as Ligustrum quihoui, Chinese littleleaf box, the tuber of dwarf lilyturf grass and grass-leaved sweetflag, the root system of plant not only can play the effect of secreting oxygen, can also be for microbial growth provide environment, thus the removal effect of native system improved to pollutants such as N, P, heavy metals.Hypothallus 8 is used for absorption and removes pollutants such as N, P, heavy metal, and layer of gravel 7 is used to adsorb phosphorus, and cobble layer 6 mainly plays the support effect, also can adsorb a little P.
Rainwater of the present invention harvests centre or the both sides that the purification utilization system can be arranged in road 14, be benchmark with city or sub-district pavement of road when building, the upper surface of filler unit need be lower than road surface 5 ~ 10cm, and when preventing that amount of precipitation is excessive, rainwater has little time down to ooze and overflows; And ventilation well 3 tops need be higher than road surface 5 ~ 20cm, to prevent that the road surface rainfall runoff from entering bottom catch basin 5 and influencing groove 1 effluent quality along ventilation well 3, add a cover metal screen 12 at ventilation well 3 tops simultaneously, for attractive in appearance and safe consideration, can prevent that on the other hand the road surface deposit from entering the obstruction that the bottom catch basin causes catch basin by ventilation well 3 on the one hand.
Rainwater is through the road surface lateral gradient, as shown in Figure 4, when road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests purification utilization system 13 when being arranged in city or sub-district road 14 middle, rainwater imports road surface of the present invention rainwater in the mode of bilateral (being pavement runoff imports in it from the both sides of system of the present invention) and harvests the purification utilization system 13; As shown in Figure 5, when road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests purification utilization system 13 when being arranged in the both sides of city or sub-district road 14, rainwater imports road surface of the present invention rainwater in the mode of monolateral (be pavement runoff from the one-sided remittance of system of the present invention its in) and harvests the purification utilization system 13; Rainwater imports catch basin 5 by concrete grate 4 again through the filtration of filler unit, because of catch basin 5 is provided with certain gradient, the catch basin 5 of postponing of the rainwater after the filtration is discharged to the water storage place by outlet pipe 10, final reuse, the rainwater of reuse can be used for afforestation of city.The main purpose that ventilation well 3 is set is to be convenient to catch basin 5 ventilate, and the aqueous metamorphism after preventing to handle is smelly.As shown in Figure 6, be furnished with many air ducts 11 in each filler unit, caliber 50mm, the bottom of air duct 11 is positioned at the upper surface of cobble layer 6, and the top of air duct 11 exceeds plantation soil layer 9 upper surfaces, enters to prevent former water.Air duct 11 length that are embedded in the filler unit are H, be provided with a plurality of apertures from plantation soil layer 9 upper surfaces to the air duct 11 the downward 1/8H of plantation soil layer 9 upper surfaces, be provided with a plurality of apertures from cobble layer 6 upper surface to the air duct 11 that cobble layer 6 upper surface make progress the 2/5H, the aperture of aperture is 5mm, pitch of holes is 2.5cm, purpose is to provide ventilation condition for the top of filler unit and bottom, make filler unit reach the aerobic-oxygen-anaerobism of the holding concurrently-oxygen-aerobic oxygen regularity of distribution of holding concurrently, alleviate because the processing water water quality deterioration that anaerobism causes, the phenomenon that fouls guarantees effluent quality.
The present invention is main by oxygen distribution that changes internal system and the collection mode of handling back water, to guarantee effluent quality on the basis of vertical current constructed wetland; The present invention is arranged on filler unit in the groove 1, and the shape of groove 1 is long and narrow, can be applicable in the middle of the urban road 14 in production practices and both sides, compares its range of application of artificial swamp and obtains enlarging.In addition,, avoided the vertical current constructed wetland bottom, guaranteed effluent quality because anaerobism causes the phenomenon of water quality deterioration, fouling by ventilation well 3 and air duct 11 raising air reaeration intensity are set.Adopt the serike of evergreen all the year round urban road green plants commonly used as system of the present invention, for microorganism provides suitable growing environment, and then the whole detergent power that improves pollutant in the rainfall runoff of accessory system, winter is interim simultaneously, do not influencing under the situation attractive in appearance of city, guaranteeing system's effluent quality, so also with urban non-point source pollution control and rainwater harvest purification utilization and afforestation of city is combined closely, has development prospect preferably, suitable promoting the use of.
Below by test the effect that road surface of the present invention rainwater harvests the purification utilization system is described further:
Test divides five groups: former water is through water distribution bucket and water distributor, enters road surface of the present invention rainwater in the mode of bilateral water inlet and harvests the purification utilization system, and the overall height 1050mm of system of the present invention is respectively from bottom to top: absolute altitude 0 ~ 100mm is a catch basin 5; Absolute altitude 100 ~ 200mm is a cobble layer 6, and particle diameter is 50 ~ 100mm; Absolute altitude 200 ~ 450mm is a layer of gravel 7, and particle diameter is 10 ~ 30mm; Absolute altitude 450 ~ 650mm is flyash for hypothallus 8(1 group, and particle diameter is 1 ~ 3mm; 2 groups is blast furnace slag, and particle diameter is 5 ~ 10mm; 3 groups is zeolite, and particle diameter is 3 ~ 5mm; 4 groups be blast furnace slag with zeolite by volume for 1:1 mixes, particle diameter is 3 ~ 8mm; 5 groups is that flyash, blast furnace slag, zeolite are the 1:1:1 mixing by volume, and particle diameter is 3 ~ 8mm); Absolute altitude 650 ~ 950mm is plantation soil layer 9, and particle diameter is 2 ~ 5mm; Absolute altitude 950 ~ 1050mm is superelevation (preventing that former water is excessive).
Test one: former water carries out water distribution according to rainfall runoff early-stage rainwater data, and COD (COD) is 453.66mg/L, ammonia nitrogen (NH 3-N) be 2.97mg/L, total nitrogen (TN) is 16.12mg/L, solubility orthophosphates (DP) is 1.15mg/L, total phosphorus (TP) is 5.19mg/L, heavy metal lead (Pb) is 0.36mg/L, and heavy metal chromium (Cr) is 0.32mg/L, and heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is 0.018mg/L.Operation hydraulic load 2.0m 3/ m 2D.By the processing of system of the present invention, water outlet reaches " urban sewage reutilization city miscellaneous water water quality " (GB/T18920-2002) and " urban sewage reutilization landscape water water quality " related request (GB/T18921-2002) substantially.Five groups of tests are as shown in table 1 to the clearance (test one) of each pollutant index:
Test two: former water carries out water distribution according to rainfall runoff middle and later periods rainwater data, and COD (COD) is 138.65mg/L, ammonia nitrogen (NH 3-N) be 1.45mg/L, total nitrogen (TN) is 5.76mg/L, solubility orthophosphates (DP) is 0.32mg/L, total phosphorus (TP) is 1.38mg/L, heavy metal lead (Pb) is 0.15mg/L, and heavy metal chromium (Cr) is 0.12mg/L, and heavy metal cadmium (Cd) is 0.015mg/L.Used experimental rig is with test one.Operation hydraulic load 2.0m 3/ m 2D.By the processing of system of the present invention, water outlet reaches " water environment quality standard " (GB 3838-2002) V class water water quality substantially, can satisfy agricultural water and general landscape water demand.Five groups of tests are as shown in table 2 to the clearance (test two) of each pollutant index:
More as can be seen, system of the present invention is more stable for the removal effect of rainfall runoff pollutant from above-mentioned two groups of removal effects of testing.At rainfall runoff different phase (initial stage and middle and later periods) rainwater, be filled with the experimental rig of flyash substrate removal effect the best for solubility orthophosphates (DP), clearance can reach about 85%, and the clearance of total phosphorus (TP) is reached about 80%; The experimental rig that is filled with blast furnace slag matrix or zeolite matrix all can reach about 80%, for COD and NH for the clearance of solubility orthophosphates (DP) and total phosphorus (TP) 3The removal effect of-N is better, can reach about 55% or 75% and about 45% or 70% respectively; More than five groups of devices can reach respectively about 35%, 25%, 35% for the removal effect of heavy metal Pb, Cr, Cd.Be filled with blast furnace slag and zeolite 1:1 mixed fillers and flyash, blast furnace slag, zeolite and the removal effect of each contamination index be better than single filler basically by the experimental rig of 1:1:1 mixed fillers, and filling flyash, blast furnace slag, zeolite to press the treatment effect of experimental rig of 1:1:1 mixed fillers ideal.This shows that different matrix (filler) has selectivity for the removal of all contaminations, the collocation mixing by filler simultaneously can improve clean-up effect more significantly.

Claims (7)

1. a road surface rainwater harvests the purification utilization system, it is characterized in that: comprise groove (1) and be arranged on the interior one or more filler units of groove (1), the both sides of each filler unit are respectively arranged with baffle plate (2), form ventilation well (3) between two baffle plates (2) of adjacent two filler unit two ends, form the well (3) of ventilating between the baffle plate (2) that is positioned at groove (1) two ends and groove (1) inside wall; Each filler unit bottom surface is provided with a concrete grate (4), forms catch basin (5) between concrete grate (4) and groove (1) inner bottom surface, and catch basin (5) communicates with each other with all ventilation well (3); Filler unit on the concrete grate (4) is made up of the cobble layer (6) that sets gradually from the bottom up, layer of gravel (7), hypothallus (8) and plantation soil layer (9), and plantation soil layer (9) is gone up to plant and is implanted with plant.
2. road surface according to claim 1 rainwater harvests the purification utilization system, it is characterized in that: described catch basin (5) is inclined to set.
3. road surface according to claim 2 rainwater harvests the purification utilization system, it is characterized in that: the low side of described catch basin (5) is provided with and the extraneous outlet pipe (10) that communicates.
4. road surface according to claim 1 rainwater harvests the purification utilization system, it is characterized in that: the thickness of described cobble layer (6) is 0.05-0.2m, the thickness of layer of gravel (7) is 0.1-0.3m, the thickness of hypothallus (8) is 0.1-0.3m, and the thickness of plantation soil layer (9) is 0.2-0.5m; The gross thickness of filler unit is 0.45-1.3m.
5. harvest the purification utilization system according to claim 1 or 4 described road surface rainwater, it is characterized in that: described hypothallus (8) is fine coal grieshoch, blast furnace slag blanket, zeolite layer or mixture layer; Described mixture layer is any two or three mixture with the arbitrary proportion composition in flyash, blast furnace slag, the zeolite.
6. road surface according to claim 1 rainwater harvests the purification utilization system, it is characterized in that: described each filler unit lining is equipped with many air ducts (11), the bottom of air duct (11) is positioned at the upper surface of cobble layer (6), and the top of air duct (11) is higher than the upper surface of plantation soil layer (9); Air duct (11) length that is positioned at filler unit is H, be provided with a plurality of apertures from plantation soil layer (9) upper surface to the air duct (11) the downward 1/8H of plantation soil layer (9) upper surface, be provided with a plurality of apertures to the air duct (11) that cobble layer (6) upper surface makes progress the 2/5H from cobble layer (6) upper surface.
7. road surface according to claim 1 rainwater harvests the purification utilization system, it is characterized in that: the upper end of described baffle plate (2) is higher than plantation soil layer (9) upper surface.
CN2011101146219A 2011-05-05 2011-05-05 System for carrying out collection, purification and utilization on rainwater on road surfaces CN102251459B (en)

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CN102877503A (en) * 2012-09-26 2013-01-16 天津好为节能环保科技发展有限公司 Circulating installation for recycling surface water
CN102913282A (en) * 2012-11-20 2013-02-06 中国神华能源股份有限公司 Open pit coal mine underground reservoir
CN102926454A (en) * 2012-10-25 2013-02-13 苏州市清泽环境技术有限公司 Suspended type catch basin filtering device
CN103157307A (en) * 2011-12-12 2013-06-19 日本那贺株式会社 Permeating water taking device
CN103371069A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-30 交通运输部科学研究院 Cascading type ecological planting tank for road surface runoff collection, purification and utilization
CN103758201A (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-04-30 北京建筑大学 Overland runoff rainwater storing and purifying integrated device with flooded culvert pipes and overland runoff rainwater storing and purifying method
CN104098183A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-15 北京林业大学 System for improving surface runoff water quality through optimizing landscape
CN104150601A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-11-19 扬州大学 Percolation system having radial flow pollutant removal efficacy of road ecological filter trench
CN104594446A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 浙江大学 Initial runoff collection, purification and recycling system and initial runoff collection, purification and recycling method thereof
RU2558213C1 (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-27 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Московский автомобильно-дорожный государственный технический университет (МАДИ)" Cleaning of fouled surface run-off from motor road surface
CN105507113A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-20 安阳师范学院 Water seepage structure of road with waterproof road surface and transformation method
CN105544417A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-05-04 南开大学 Method for enabling pavements to have strong rainwater storage capacity and reducing rainwater loss
CN105668799A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-15 张军 Facility for treating pollutants in rainwater runoff
CN105735450A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-07-06 湖北文理学院 Underground water storage method
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CN107178135A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-19 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of structure of Ren Hanglv roads hardening supply rainwater infiltration
CN107642202A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-30 厦门合立道工程设计集团股份有限公司 Carry out that rain-water accumulating is stagnant and the Rain Garden of automatic-watering using structural beam slab
CN108049384A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-18 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Degeneration ecological restoration of mine manages system and restorative procedure
CN109133494A (en) * 2018-07-06 2019-01-04 广州格淋环境保护技术有限公司 A kind of complex ecological water purification system and its process for purifying water

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CN103157307A (en) * 2011-12-12 2013-06-19 日本那贺株式会社 Permeating water taking device
CN103371069B (en) * 2012-04-26 2015-08-12 交通运输部科学研究院 A kind of concatenation type pavement runoff collects the ecologic planting groove with purification utilization
CN103371069A (en) * 2012-04-26 2013-10-30 交通运输部科学研究院 Cascading type ecological planting tank for road surface runoff collection, purification and utilization
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RU2558213C1 (en) * 2013-12-31 2015-07-27 Федеральное государственное бюджетное образовательное учреждение высшего профессионального образования "Московский автомобильно-дорожный государственный технический университет (МАДИ)" Cleaning of fouled surface run-off from motor road surface
CN103758201A (en) * 2014-01-14 2014-04-30 北京建筑大学 Overland runoff rainwater storing and purifying integrated device with flooded culvert pipes and overland runoff rainwater storing and purifying method
CN104098183A (en) * 2014-07-31 2014-10-15 北京林业大学 System for improving surface runoff water quality through optimizing landscape
CN104098183B (en) * 2014-07-31 2016-01-13 北京林业大学 The system of rainwash water quality is improved by optimizing view
CN104150601B (en) * 2014-08-19 2016-06-29 扬州大学 A kind of have Runoff contaminants remove effect road ecology filter ditch filtration system
CN104150601A (en) * 2014-08-19 2014-11-19 扬州大学 Percolation system having radial flow pollutant removal efficacy of road ecological filter trench
CN104594446A (en) * 2015-01-22 2015-05-06 浙江大学 Initial runoff collection, purification and recycling system and initial runoff collection, purification and recycling method thereof
CN105668799B (en) * 2016-01-07 2018-03-30 无锡城市职业技术学院 Pollutant process facility in a kind of rainfall runoff
CN105668799A (en) * 2016-01-07 2016-06-15 张军 Facility for treating pollutants in rainwater runoff
CN105507113A (en) * 2016-01-25 2016-04-20 安阳师范学院 Water seepage structure of road with waterproof road surface and transformation method
CN105735450A (en) * 2016-02-19 2016-07-06 湖北文理学院 Underground water storage method
CN105544417A (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-05-04 南开大学 Method for enabling pavements to have strong rainwater storage capacity and reducing rainwater loss
CN106115923A (en) * 2016-07-27 2016-11-16 周红军 Artificial wetland combination medium
CN106115923B (en) * 2016-07-27 2020-05-26 林小峰 Constructed wetland combined medium
CN107178135A (en) * 2017-05-17 2017-09-19 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of structure of Ren Hanglv roads hardening supply rainwater infiltration
CN107178135B (en) * 2017-05-17 2019-08-06 西安建筑科技大学 A kind of structure of the road Ren Hanglv hardening supply rainwater infiltration
CN107642202B (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-11-02 厦门合立道工程设计集团股份有限公司 The stagnant Rain Garden with automatic-watering of rain-water accumulating is carried out using structural beam slab
CN107642202A (en) * 2017-09-14 2018-01-30 厦门合立道工程设计集团股份有限公司 Carry out that rain-water accumulating is stagnant and the Rain Garden of automatic-watering using structural beam slab
CN108049384A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-05-18 安徽金联地矿科技有限公司 Degeneration ecological restoration of mine manages system and restorative procedure
CN109133494A (en) * 2018-07-06 2019-01-04 广州格淋环境保护技术有限公司 A kind of complex ecological water purification system and its process for purifying water

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