CN102192512B - Garbage incinerator - Google Patents

Garbage incinerator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102192512B
CN102192512B CN 201019185064 CN201019185064A CN102192512B CN 102192512 B CN102192512 B CN 102192512B CN 201019185064 CN201019185064 CN 201019185064 CN 201019185064 A CN201019185064 A CN 201019185064A CN 102192512 B CN102192512 B CN 102192512B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
incinerator
chamber
smoke
opening
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201019185064
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102192512A (en
Inventor
王振坤
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王振坤
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Publication date
Application filed by 王振坤 filed Critical 王振坤
Priority to CN 201019185064 priority Critical patent/CN102192512B/en
Publication of CN102192512A publication Critical patent/CN102192512A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102192512B publication Critical patent/CN102192512B/en

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Abstract

The invention provides a garbage incinerator which comprises an incinerator body. The incinerator body comprises a first combustion chamber and a second combustion chamber which is arranged at the side surface of the first combustion chamber and is provided with a pipe for communicating with the first combustion chamber, a fireproof layer is arranged at the periphery of the first combustion chamber, a drying chamber is arranged above the first combustion chamber and is provided with a feeding port at the top and an opening at the bottom, an interlayer is arranged between the opening and the first combustion chamber and internally provided with a material stopper, and a smoke chamber is arranged between the outer wall of the drying chamber and the fireproof layer and is communicated with the second combustion chamber. Domestic garbage is heated with afterheat of smoke in the smoke chamber without being dried externally; and the water content of the domestic garbage can be reduced without manual separation of domestic garbage, and the operation procedure is simple. By adopting the garbage incinerator, the domestic garbage can be fully combusted, and heat from garbage combustion can raise the temperature of a whole hearth to reach the temperature for dioxin decomposition quickly.

Description

Incinerator

Technical field

The invention belongs to the domestic rubbish disposal field, relate in particular to a kind of incinerator of handling house refuse.

Background technology

Along with development in science and technology, the progress of society, people's personal consumption level improves day by day, the house refuse accumulation is more and more, bury the growth rate that the efficient of handling house refuse has been lower than rubbish by the degree of depth, burying house refuse needs the large tracts of land land used, and is buried in underground rubbish and is easy to the polluted underground water resource.

In order to overcome the problem that the disposal of refuse mode produces of burying, at present a lot of cities utilize incinerator to concentrate airtight burning domestic garbage, by burning rubbish is carried out harmless treatment, the heat energy that can utilize incineration firing to produce simultaneously again generates electricity or warms oneself, and takes full advantage of waste resource.

Contain large quantity of moisture and chemical products in the house refuse, for example fruit, vegetables, plastics and oil product etc. if water content is too high during consumer waste incineration, then are easy to generate following two problems; The first, the rubbish water content is higher, and it is insufficient to burn, and produces toxic gases such as carbon monoxide; The second, the rubbish water content is higher, and programming rate is slower in the burner hearth, can't reach rapidly to decompose the dioxin normal temperature, and the dioxin that produces in a large amount of chemical products combustion processes is not also just decomposed fully to be disposed in the air.Above-mentioned two problems is serious threat health of people all.

Fully burn when burning in order to guarantee house refuse, and temperature reaches standard value rapidly in the burner hearth, the conventional garbage incinerator mainly comprises drying plant, burns equipment such as body of heater and flue gas cleaner, before burning, earlier refuse classification, sorted rubbish are carried out dewatered drying by drying plant successively, and then transfer in the incinerator by transfer equipment and to burn, the flue gas that burning produces is handled the back by smoke eliminator and is discharged to air from chimney.This incinerator is the program complexity when burning away the refuse, inefficiency.

Summary of the invention

Incinerator provided by the invention can directly burn house refuse, does not need manually to separate house refuse, does not need stove to dry outward, improves the operating efficiency that incinerator is burnt away the refuse.

In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, a kind of incinerator, comprise: the incinerator body of heater, described body of heater comprises first combustion chamber and second combustion chamber, second combustion chamber is positioned at side, first combustion chamber, second combustion chamber arranges pipeline and is communicated with first combustion chamber, the first combustion chamber outer periphery is equipped with flame retardant coating, top, described first combustion chamber is provided with drying chamber, drying chamber top is provided with charging aperture, the drying chamber below is provided with opening, is provided with interlayer between described opening and first combustion chamber, is provided with stop gauge in the described interlayer; Be provided with smoke-box between described outer wall of drying room and the described flame retardant coating, described smoke-box is communicated with second combustion chamber.

Preferably, described opening is infundibulate, and the funnel arm is provided with sump.

Preferably, also comprise: agitator, agitator are installed in the opening top, and an end is fixed on the drying chamber inwall, and the flame retardant coating that the other end stretches out described body of heater periphery connects the motor rotary head.

Preferably, described stop gauge comprises: be fixed in bracing frame, liner plate and cutting knife in the flame retardant coating, the support frame as described above top and bottom are provided with corresponding feed opening, and the feed opening both sides of described gripper shoe lower end are equipped with liner plate; The cutting knife bottom is installed on the liner plate, and the cutting knife end is provided with pull bar, and described pull bar stretches out flame retardant coating.

Preferably, the support frame as described above below is equipped with cooling device.

Preferably, described stop gauge is fire grate, and described fire grate below is provided with cooling device.

Preferably, described cooling device comprises; Water tank, water pump and water pipe, described water pump is arranged on the water pipe, and water pipe one end connects the delivery port of water tank, and the other end connects the water inlet of water tank.

A kind of incinerator provided by the invention, above first combustion chamber, set up drying chamber, an airtight smoke-box is set between outer wall of drying room and the flame retardant coating, the air inlet of smoke-box connects the exhaust outlet of second combustion chamber by flue, and the gas outlet of described smoke-box connects the air inlet of flue gas cleaner by flue.The flue gas of second combustion chamber is discharged into outer other treatment facilities of stove after by smoke-box again, heats house refuse by the surplus temperature of flue gas in the smoke-box, does not need stove to dry outward, does not need manually to separate house refuse, just can reduce the water content of house refuse, and working procedure is simple.Fully burn when making consumer waste incineration, the temperature of incineration firing heats up whole burner hearth, reaches the temperature of decomposing dioxin rapidly.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the incinerator workflow diagram;

Fig. 2 is waste incineration furnace body perspective view of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the birds-eye perspective of incinerator body of heater shown in Figure 2;

Fig. 4 faces structural representation for stop gauge first embodiment in the waste incineration furnace body shown in Figure 2;

Fig. 5 is the stop gauge first embodiment side-looking structural representation in the waste incineration furnace body shown in Figure 2;

Fig. 6 is the stop gauge second embodiment side-looking structural representation in the waste incineration furnace body shown in Figure 2;

Fig. 7 is the drying chamber preferred embodiment structural representation of incinerator shown in Figure 2.

The specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing specific embodiments of the invention are described, embodiment described herein only is used for description and interpretation the present invention, and is not used in restriction the present invention.

Consult Fig. 1, incinerator comprises; Incinerator body of heater 11, flue gas cleaner 12 and chimney 13, the flue gas that incinerator body of heater 11 produces is handled through smoke eliminator 12, enters atmosphere by air-introduced machine 13 extractions and from chimney 14.As shown in Figure 2, incinerator body of heater outer periphery is equipped with flame retardant coating 21, incinerator body of heater 11 is made up of drying chamber 22, first combustion chamber 23 and second combustion chamber 24, second combustion chamber 24 is positioned at 23 sides, first combustion chamber and is communicated with by pipeline 29, drying chamber 22 tops are provided with charging aperture 20, the drying chamber below is provided with opening 26, are provided with interlayer 27 between opening 26 and first combustion chamber 23.

As shown in Figure 4, in the such scheme, bracing frame 41 is installed in the interlayer, the bracing frame top and bottom are provided with corresponding feed opening 42, and described feed opening 42 is relative with the opening 26 of drying chamber below, and the feed opening both sides are equipped with liner plate 43; Cutting knife 44 is placed on the liner plate, the terminal front end that connects pull bar 45 of cutting knife, and the end of pull bar stretches out flame retardant coating.

As shown in Figures 2 and 3, be provided with smoke-box 25 between drying chamber 22 and the flame retardant coating, the flue gas that first combustion chamber 22 produces reduces flow velocity through second combustion chamber 24, the flue gas of second combustion chamber 24 enters smoke-box 25 by pipeline 28 from the air inlet 31 of smoke-box, flue gas is extracted out the gas outlet 32 from smoke-box 25 after 22 1 weeks around drying chamber by smoke-box 25, flue gas enters flue gas cleaner, carries out dust removal process.

As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and shown in Figure 5, when burning domestic garbage, put into matches and light from the fire door 15 of first combustion chamber, utilize blower fan in first combustion chamber, to blow, supplemental oxygen, after fire box temperature reaches standard, house refuse is sent in the drying chamber 22 from the charging aperture 20 of drying chamber by pay-off, the flue gas that first combustion chamber 23 produces reduces flow velocity through second combustion chamber 24, flue gas was stopped in second combustion chamber 22 more than two seconds, decompose the noxious material dioxin; Flue gas is discharged the smoke-box 25 between back arrival drying chamber and the flame retardant coating from second combustion chamber, utilize the house refuse of the surplus temperature heating, drying chamber 22 of flue gas in the smoke-box 25, make the house refuse dehydration, rubbish rests on drying chamber after the some time, pulling pull bar 45 makes the interior feed opening 42 of house refuse through bracing frame two ends about in the of 41 of drying chamber enter first combustion chamber and burns.Need to prove that flue gas enters smoke-box from the air inlet 31 of smoke-box, extract out from the gas outlet of smoke-box after one week around drying chamber, enter flue gas cleaner and carry out gas cleaning.

As Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and shown in Figure 6, the present invention can also burn greasy filth rubbish, when burning greasy filth rubbish, put into matches and light from the fire door of first combustion chamber, after fire box temperature reached standard, greasy filth rubbish was sent in the drying chamber 22 from the charging aperture 20 of drying chamber by pay-off, drop on fire grate 51, the flue gas that first combustion chamber 23 produces reduces flow velocity through second combustion chamber 24, and flue gas was stopped in second combustion chamber 22 more than two seconds, decomposes the noxious material dioxin; Flue gas is discharged the smoke-box 25 between back arrival drying chamber and the flame retardant coating from second combustion chamber, utilize the greasy filth rubbish of the surplus temperature heating, drying chamber 22 of flue gas in the smoke-box 25, make the fusing of greasy filth rubbish, the greasy filth after the fusing splashes into first combustion chamber from the slit between the fire grate 52 of fire grate 51 and burns.Need to prove that flue gas enters smoke-box from the air inlet 31 of smoke-box, extract out from the gas outlet of smoke-box after one week around drying chamber, enter flue gas cleaner and carry out gas cleaning.

In order to prolong the service life of stop gauge, the present invention also is provided with cooling device below stop gauge, described cooling device comprises water tank, water pump and water pipe, and the water pipe body becomes serpentine, and branch is below stop gauge, and water pipe, water tank and water pump constitute the pipeline of a closure.

The preferred embodiment of drying chamber of the present invention as shown in Figure 7, the opening 26 of drying chamber below is infundibulate, funnel arm 61 is provided with sump 62.During burning domestic garbage, house refuse heat the steam that produces along the inwall landing of drying chamber to sump 62, prevent that the water droplet that steam condenses from reducing the temperature of first combustion chamber.

As shown in Figure 7, for house refuse fully being dewatered or accelerating burn-off rate, also be provided with agitator 65 in the drying chamber, agitator is installed in opening 26 tops, one end is fixed on the drying chamber inwall, the flame retardant coating that the other end stretches out described body of heater periphery connects the motor rotary head, by the rotation drive agitator stirring rubbish of motor rotary head.

The above is the preferred embodiments of the present invention only, is not limited to the present invention, and for a person skilled in the art, the present invention can have various changes and variation.Within the spirit and principles in the present invention all, any modification of doing, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. incinerator, comprise: the incinerator body of heater, described body of heater comprises first combustion chamber and second combustion chamber, second combustion chamber is positioned at side, first combustion chamber, second combustion chamber arranges pipeline and is communicated with first combustion chamber, the first combustion chamber outer periphery is equipped with flame retardant coating, it is characterized in that, top, described first combustion chamber is provided with drying chamber, drying chamber top is provided with charging aperture, the drying chamber below is provided with opening, is provided with interlayer between described opening and first combustion chamber, is provided with stop gauge in the described interlayer; Be provided with smoke-box between described outer wall of drying room and the described flame retardant coating, described smoke-box is communicated with second combustion chamber.
2. according to the described incinerator of claim 1, it is characterized in that described opening is infundibulate, the funnel arm is provided with sump.
3. according to the described incinerator of claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise: agitator, agitator are installed in the opening top, and an end is fixed on the drying chamber inwall, and the flame retardant coating that the other end stretches out described body of heater periphery connects the motor rotary head.
4. according to the described incinerator of claim 3, it is characterized in that, described stop gauge comprises: be fixed in bracing frame, liner plate and cutting knife in the flame retardant coating, the support frame as described above top and bottom are provided with corresponding feed opening, and the feed opening both sides of described gripper shoe lower end are equipped with liner plate; The cutting knife bottom is installed on the liner plate, and the cutting knife end is provided with pull bar, and described pull bar stretches out flame retardant coating.
5. according to the described incinerator of claim 4, it is characterized in that the support frame as described above below is equipped with cooling device.
6. according to the described incinerator of claim 3, it is characterized in that described stop gauge is fire grate, described fire grate below is provided with cooling device.
7. according to claim 5 or 6 described incinerators, it is characterized in that described cooling device comprises; Water tank, water pump and water pipe, described water pump is arranged on the water pipe, and water pipe one end connects the delivery port of water tank, and the other end connects the water inlet of water tank.
CN 201019185064 2010-03-02 2010-03-02 Garbage incinerator CN102192512B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201019185064 CN102192512B (en) 2010-03-02 2010-03-02 Garbage incinerator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201019185064 CN102192512B (en) 2010-03-02 2010-03-02 Garbage incinerator

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CN102192512A CN102192512A (en) 2011-09-21
CN102192512B true CN102192512B (en) 2013-07-31

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Families Citing this family (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103939911B (en) * 2014-04-09 2016-03-09 湖南鹞翔科技有限公司 One way of life refuse gasification processes and heat-energy utilizing device with burning
CN104373942B (en) * 2014-11-12 2016-08-17 湖南玉道环保科技有限公司 Incinerator
CN104896481B (en) * 2015-06-11 2017-06-27 凯天环保科技股份有限公司 A kind of incinerator and its smoke eliminator of application
CN106765182B (en) * 2017-01-13 2019-03-01 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of domestic garbage disposer
CN106765183B (en) * 2017-01-13 2019-03-05 安徽未名鼎和环保有限公司 A kind of multi-function domestic refuse disposal installation
CN107062235B (en) * 2017-02-14 2019-03-01 河北洁净环保科技有限公司 A kind of waste incineration treatment apparatus and its processing method
CN107101207B (en) * 2017-03-29 2018-11-16 李明牛 A kind of low cigarette waste incinerator

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2521499Y (en) * 2002-01-08 2002-11-20 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一○研究所 Garbage incinerator
CN1676994A (en) * 2004-03-29 2005-10-05 尹加强 Efficient gas-controlled medical and house refuse pyrolyzed incinerator
JP2005315539A (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-10 Kumagai Noki:Kk Incinerator
CN201697133U (en) * 2010-03-02 2011-01-05 王振坤 Garbage incinerator

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2521499Y (en) * 2002-01-08 2002-11-20 中国船舶重工集团公司第七一○研究所 Garbage incinerator
CN1676994A (en) * 2004-03-29 2005-10-05 尹加强 Efficient gas-controlled medical and house refuse pyrolyzed incinerator
JP2005315539A (en) * 2004-04-30 2005-11-10 Kumagai Noki:Kk Incinerator
CN201697133U (en) * 2010-03-02 2011-01-05 王振坤 Garbage incinerator

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Effective date of registration: 20180222

Address after: 125000 Liaoning city in Huludao Province Integrated Industrial Park Peikang Industrial Zone Liaoning Yingchun Steel Manufacturing Co. Ltd. North

Patentee after: Liaoning Yinghua environmental technology limited liability company

Address before: 100070 East Fengtai intersection, Fengtai District, Fengtai District, Beijing, room 121-13

Patentee before: Wang Zhenkun

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20130731

Termination date: 20180302