CN102152382A - Concrete-producing machine and manufacturing and using method thereof - Google Patents

Concrete-producing machine and manufacturing and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102152382A
CN102152382A CN 201110054781 CN201110054781A CN102152382A CN 102152382 A CN102152382 A CN 102152382A CN 201110054781 CN201110054781 CN 201110054781 CN 201110054781 A CN201110054781 A CN 201110054781A CN 102152382 A CN102152382 A CN 102152382A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
concrete
hopper
batching
remote control
receiving
Prior art date
Application number
CN 201110054781
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吴纪东
刘勇
刘炜嶓
郭伟
王明远
多化勇
张保军
任健
Original Assignee
郑州市市政工程总公司
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Application filed by 郑州市市政工程总公司 filed Critical 郑州市市政工程总公司
Priority to CN 201110054781 priority Critical patent/CN102152382A/en
Publication of CN102152382A publication Critical patent/CN102152382A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a concrete-producing machine. The concrete-producing machine comprises a machine frame, wherein a truss rail is arranged on an upper part of the machine frame; the truss rail is connected with at least one movable material-blending hopper through a remote-controlled walking mechanism; and at least one material-receiving hopper and/or at least one vehicular material-receiving work station are/is arranged on the machine frame below the movable material-blending hopper. A movable feed port is arranged on the top of the movable material-blending hopper and a movable discharge port is arranged at the bottom of the movable material-blending hopper; a remote-controlled sealing door is arranged at the movable discharge port; a material-receiving feed port is arranged on the top of the material-receiving hopper and a material-receiving discharge port is arranged at the bottom of the material-receiving hopper; a manual sealing door is arranged at the material-receiving discharge port; and the movable discharge port is smaller than the material-receiving feed port. The machine can exert the production capability of the stirring machine to the maximum degree and enhance the concrete-distributing efficiency. By using the concrete-producing machine, labor investment can be reduced on the premise of increasing the production capability, so the cost is reduced and the efficiency is increased. The invention also provides a manufacturing method and a using method of the concrete-producing machine.

Description

Concrete spreader and preparation method thereof and using method
Technical field
The present invention relates to small-size concrete prefabricated components production field.
Background technology
Market available coagulation soil material distributing machine belongs to the end-equipment of pump concrete, is the corollary equipment of concrete pump, is connected with concrete pump, has enlarged concrete pump and has sent scope.Thereby concrete spreader is connected with concrete pump by conveyance conduit and forms the conveying cloth system during use, conveyance conduit is generally longer, and mostly be the pressurization of the utilizing pump delivering concrete that makes progress, being suitable at the construction field (site) just, concrete is transported to each point to be poured into rapidly and accurately.This type of available coagulation soil material distributing machine need cooperate concrete pump to use, and not only cost is high, and only is applicable to the concrete distributing of job site.
Except that need carrying out the concrete distributing job site,, the needs of concrete distributing are arranged also at fixing production field such as (small-sized) concrete prefabricated element.Fixing production is different to the needs of concrete distributing to the demand and the site operation of concrete distributing, the horizontal level and the vertical height of each perfusion point of job site are different because of the difference of concrete engineering, and also the difference because of concrete engineering is different to pour into the quantity of putting, therefore just need traditional concrete spreader to have higher flexibility ratio, the concrete that also requires simultaneously to be carried has certain pressure so that hoist conveying.These require all to have increased the complexity and the cost of whole concrete distributing system.
At fixing production field such as (small-sized) concrete prefabricated element, reserve in advance the quantity and the position of the middle-size and small-size element mold of factory.Because the position of small members mould is usually located at ground, can not be positioned at eminence, therefore traditional band that concrete spreader had presses conveying function not only unhelpful, and can cause great energy dissipation; Again because also relative fixed of the quantity of small members mould, therefore what the conventional concrete material distributing machine was had has reduced efficient to the fixed position delivering concrete on the contrary to the concrete function of diverse location flexible delivery, certainly will increase the structure complexity and the cost of concrete spreader simultaneously to the concrete function of diverse location flexible delivery.
At present, in the production process of small-size concrete prefabricated components, traditional production method has maintenance cast-in-site method and stirs the cast-in-site method.After maintenance cast-in-site method is to use concrete mixer to stir out concrete, re-uses one or more machinery concrete is transported to the maintenance scene, in a plurality of small members moulds that put at the scene of manually the concrete material branch being packed into then; Stirring the cast-in-site method is to stir the on-the-spot concrete material that mixer is stirred at mixer directly to unload on the ground, in each small members mould of manually the concrete branch being packed into then, again the mould of penetration concrete is transported to the maintenance scene with machinery and puts maintenance.Under traditional mode of production, concrete distributing is finished by artificial packing, and single packing takes longer, and mixer is just needing the very long stand-by period before the spice next time; Many people packing then cause the labour increase, on-the-spot chaotic.Under traditional mode of production, want to increase production capacity, must increase the labour accordingly; The labour who increases and other costs have been offset the part production capacity to be increased and the profit of generation.As from the foregoing, in the production process of small-size concrete prefabricated components, giving full play to the production capacity of mixer and the dispensing efficient of raising concrete material is to increase the key that production capacity reduces cost.
Telecontrol engineerings such as remote control gate, remote-controlled valve, remote control running mechanism are very general and ripe, but be not suitable for the concrete spreader of small-size concrete prefabricated components production field in the market, naturally the concrete spreader that does not yet utilize above-mentioned telecontrol engineering to make.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of concrete spreader that is suitable for small-size concrete prefabricated components production field.
For achieving the above object, concrete spreader of the present invention comprises frame, upper rack is provided with the truss track, be connected with at least one by the remote control running mechanism on the truss track and move the batching hopper, the frame that moves batching hopper below is provided with at least one receiving hopper and/or at least one vehicle-mounted material feeding station; Described mobile batching hopper the top be provided with mobile charging aperture and its bottom and be provided with mobile discharging opening, mobile discharging opening place is provided with remote control and seals up a door, the top of described receiving hopper is provided with the material feeding charging aperture and its bottom is provided with the material feeding discharging opening, and material feeding discharging opening place is provided with manual control and seals up a door; Described mobile discharging is young in described material feeding charging aperture.
Described remote control running mechanism comprises travelling wheel, dynamical system and the electronic telecontrol system that is located on the truss track; Dynamical system comprises drive motors; The electronic telecontrol system comprises hand-held remote control unit, and is used to control the traveling of moving the batching hopper and controls the keying that remote control is sealed up a door; Described mobile batching hopper is a steel truncated rectangular pyramids type batching hopper.
Described receiving hopper is a steel rectangular pyramid type receiving hopper.
Described frame is the steel column, and described truss track is a steel truss track.
Concrete spreader of the present invention has following advantage:
1. the present invention is simple in structure, is easy to make, installs and uses, and cost is lower, is suitable for small-size concrete prefabricated components production field and uses.Several receiving hoppers of concrete spreader of the present invention (or single) simultaneously carry out the concreting operation, the building operation one people and can finish of each hopper, adopt manual method directly concrete material to be poured into the mold from hopper, save the concrete step of artificial filling, when increasing setting, reduce working strength of workers effectively, improved operating efficiency.
2, more than one vehicle-mounted material feeding station in the present invention's knot, material feeding separately, also can accept to move the concrete distributing of batching hopper with receiving hopper simultaneously, move the batching hopper and concrete material is directly packed on the concrete delivery truck of bottom by vehicle-mounted material feeding station, can be under the prerequisite of the concreting that does not influence the receiving hopper bottom for on-the-spot other local use concrete.
3, because the invention bottom exists several receiving hoppers that can receive concrete material simultaneously and vehicle-mounted material feeding station, and each receiving hopper and each matching used concrete delivery truck all have certain storage capacity, so the stirring stand-by period of concrete mixer is greatly reduced, mixer can run without interruption, and the production capacity of mixer is brought into play to greatest extent.
4, because mobile batching hopper of the present invention has adopted the straighforward operation mode, be very easy to production scheduling personnel's operational administrative, operating personnel can be operated by remote controller on ground.
In sum, adopt structure of the present invention, can give play to the production capacity of concrete mixer to greatest extent, improve the dispensing efficient of concrete material, reduced working strength of workers thereby save artificial filling concrete step.Concrete spreader of the present invention has changed and has wanted to increase the situation that production capacity must roll up the labour under the conventional production methods, adopt the input that can when increasing production capacity, reduce the labour after the material distributing machine of the present invention with respect to conventional production methods, give full play to the advantage of machinery, under the situation that significantly improves production capacity, effectively control production cost thereby help small-size concrete element precast enterprise, for small-size concrete prefabricated components production field provides the concrete spreader that cost is low, production efficiency is high.
The present invention also aims to provide a kind of preparation method of above-mentioned concrete spreader.
For achieving the above object, the preparation method of concrete spreader of the present invention is carried out successively according to the following steps: (1) determines the model of supporting concrete mixer, number and size and receiving hopper number, size and the position of moving the batching hopper according to enterprise's production capacity target; (2) determine employed steel plate thickness, I-steel model, column wall thickness and sectional dimension according to the storing limit and the safety coefficient that move batching hopper and receiving hopper; (3) selected steel are processed into mobile batching hopper, receiving hopper, steel column and steel truss track; (4) determine drive motors model and corresponding cable specification and selected electronic telecontrol system according to moving batching hopper limit full load conditions; (5) build on column concrete basis; (6) each parts assembling welding.
Above-mentioned preparation method step is easy, is easy to realize.
The present invention also aims to provide a kind of using method of above-mentioned concrete spreader.
For achieving the above object, the using method of concrete spreader of the present invention is carried out successively according to the following steps: (1) is moved batching hopper and is parked in the remote control that concrete mixer discharging opening bottom and remote closing move the batching feed hopper bottom seals up a door under operating personnel's remote control, moves the batching hopper and accepts concrete material from mixer by mobile charging aperture; (2) moving the batching hopper fills behind the concrete material and to run to above the receiving hopper that needs feed or the vehicle-mounted material feeding station under operating personnel's remote control and to come to a complete stop; (3) operating personnel's remote controller is opened remote control and is sealed up a door, and concrete material flows in the receiving hopper of bottom or flows into and is parked in the concrete delivery truck at vehicle-mounted material feeding station place; (4) move concrete in the batching hopper and unsnatch after, under operating personnel's remote control, close the bottom and seal up a door and turn back to concrete mixer discharging opening bottom, wait for the concrete material supply of next round.
Above-mentioned using method is simple and easy to do, has not only saved human cost but also has given full play to the production capacity of mixer, has improved operating efficiency on the whole.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of concrete spreader of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the right TV structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
The specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, concrete spreader of the present invention comprises frame 1, frame 1 top is provided with truss track 2, be connected with at least one by remote control running mechanism 5 on the truss track 2 and move batching hopper 3, the frame 1 that moves batching hopper 3 belows is provided with at least one receiving hopper 4 and/or at least one vehicle-mounted material feeding station 8; The top of described mobile batching hopper 3 is provided with mobile charging aperture 3A and its bottom is provided with mobile discharging opening 3B, mobile discharging opening 3B place is provided with the remote control 3C that seals up a door, the top of described receiving hopper 4 is provided with material feeding charging aperture 4A and its bottom and is provided with material feeding discharging opening 4B, and material feeding discharging opening 4B place is provided with the manual control 4C that seals up a door; Described mobile discharging opening 3B is less than described material feeding charging aperture 4A.Described remote control running mechanism 5 comprises that (each parts of remote control running mechanism 5 are prior art in travelling wheel, dynamical system and the electronic telecontrol system that is located on the truss track 2, figure is not detailed to be shown, wherein electronic telecontrol system preferably adopts F21-E1B 6 tunnel control remote controllers, this remote controller comprises transmitter and receiver, and receiver possesses the control function); Dynamical system comprises drive motors; The electronic telecontrol system comprises that (hand-held remote control unit is a prior art to hand-held remote control unit, and figure does not show; Hand-held remote control unit is the transmitter of F21-E1B 6 tunnel control remote controllers when adopting F21-E1B 6 tunnel control remote controllers) and be used to control the seal up a door keying of 3C of the traveling of moving batching hopper 3 and control remote control; Described mobile batching hopper 3 is a steel truncated rectangular pyramids type batching hopper.Described receiving hopper 4 is a steel rectangular pyramid type receiving hopper.Described frame 1 is the steel column, and described truss track 2 is a steel truss track 2, builds column concrete basis 6 with stable support steel column below the steel column before using.
The present invention also provides the preparation method of above-mentioned concrete spreader, carries out according to the following steps successively:
(1) determines the model of supporting concrete mixer 7, number and size and receiving hopper 4 numbers, size and the position of moving batching hopper 3 according to enterprise's production capacity target;
(2) determine employed steel plate thickness, I-steel model, column wall thickness and sectional dimension according to the storing limit and the safety coefficient that move batching hopper 3 and receiving hopper 4;
(3) selected steel are processed into mobile batching hopper 3, receiving hopper 4, steel column and steel truss track 2;
(4) determine drive motors model and corresponding cable specification and selected electronic telecontrol system according to moving batching hopper 3 limit full load conditions;
(5) build on column concrete basis 6;
(6) each parts assembling welding.
(7) operation debugging.
The present invention also provides the using method of above-mentioned concrete spreader, carries out according to the following steps successively:
(1) moves batching hopper 3 and under operating personnel's remote control, be parked in remote control that concrete mixer 7 discharging opening bottoms and remote closing the move batching hopper 3 bottoms 3C that seals up a door, move batching hopper 3 and accept concrete material from mixer 7 by mobile charging aperture 3A;
(2) moving batching hopper 3 fills behind the concrete material above operating personnel's remote control lower edge truss track 2 runs to the receiving hopper 4 that needs feed or vehicle-mounted material feeding station 8 and comes to a complete stop;
(3) operating personnel's remote controller is opened the remote control 3C that seals up a door, and concrete material flows in the receiving hopper 4 of bottom or flows into and is parked in the concrete delivery truck at vehicle-mounted material feeding station 8 places;
(4) move concrete in the batching hopper 3 and unsnatch after, under operating personnel's remote control, close the bottom and seal up a door and turn back to concrete mixer 7 discharging opening bottoms, wait for the concrete material supply of next round.
Certainly, the present invention includes but be not limited to present embodiment, not only can be equipped with three receiving hoppers 4 shown in Figure 1 as the present invention, also can be equipped with the receiving hopper 4 of other quantity arbitrarily according to the performance of enterprise's needs and mixer 7, and receiving hopper 4 not only can be designed to fixed hopper, also can be designed to portable hopper; The present invention not only can be equipped with two vehicle-mounted receiving openings shown in the figure one, also can be equipped with the vehicle-mounted receiving opening of other quantity arbitrarily according to the performance of enterprise's needs and mixer 7; Material distributing machine of the present invention not only can cooperate a mixer to use, and can also cooperate Liang Tai and the mixer more than two to use; When cooperating many mixers to use, the configurable movable type identical with mixer quantity batching hopper 3 and frequency have the remote control equipment than big difference, can be when improving the concrete production amount dispensing of better balance amount of concrete, the continuation of production process also can be ensured more fully.Above-mentioned conversion all drops within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. concrete spreader, it is characterized in that: comprise frame, upper rack is provided with the truss track, be connected with at least one by the remote control running mechanism on the truss track and move the batching hopper, the frame that moves batching hopper below is provided with at least one receiving hopper and/or at least one vehicle-mounted material feeding station; Described mobile batching hopper the top be provided with mobile charging aperture and its bottom and be provided with mobile discharging opening, mobile discharging opening place is provided with remote control and seals up a door, the top of described receiving hopper is provided with the material feeding charging aperture and its bottom is provided with the material feeding discharging opening, and material feeding discharging opening place is provided with manual control and seals up a door; Described mobile discharging is young in described material feeding charging aperture.
2. concrete spreader according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described remote control running mechanism comprises travelling wheel, dynamical system and the electronic telecontrol system that is located on the truss track; Dynamical system comprises drive motors; The electronic telecontrol system comprises hand-held remote control unit, and is used to control the traveling of moving the batching hopper and controls the keying that remote control is sealed up a door; Described mobile batching hopper is a steel truncated rectangular pyramids type batching hopper.
3. concrete spreader according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described receiving hopper is a steel rectangular pyramid type receiving hopper.
4. concrete spreader according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described frame is the steel column, and described truss track is a steel truss track.
5. the preparation method of concrete spreader in the claim 4 is characterized in that carrying out according to the following steps successively:
(1) determines the model of supporting concrete mixer, number and size and receiving hopper number, size and the position of moving the batching hopper according to enterprise's production capacity target;
(2) determine employed steel plate thickness, I-steel model, column wall thickness and sectional dimension according to the storing limit and the safety coefficient that move batching hopper and receiving hopper;
(3) selected steel are processed into mobile batching hopper, receiving hopper, steel column and steel truss track;
(4) determine drive motors model and corresponding cable specification and selected electronic telecontrol system according to moving batching hopper limit full load conditions;
(5) build on column concrete basis;
(6) each parts assembling welding.
6. the using method of concrete spreader described in the claim 1 is characterized in that: carry out according to the following steps successively:
(1) moves the batching hopper and under operating personnel's remote control, be parked in the remote control that concrete mixer discharging opening bottom and remote closing move the batching feed hopper bottom and seal up a door, move the batching hopper and accept concrete material from mixer by mobile charging aperture;
(2) moving the batching hopper fills behind the concrete material and to run to above the receiving hopper that needs feed or the vehicle-mounted material feeding station under operating personnel's remote control and to come to a complete stop;
(3) operating personnel's remote controller is opened remote control and is sealed up a door, and concrete material flows in the receiving hopper of bottom or flows into and is parked in the concrete delivery truck at vehicle-mounted material feeding station place;
(4) move concrete in the batching hopper and unsnatch after, under operating personnel's remote control, close the bottom and seal up a door and turn back to concrete mixer discharging opening bottom, wait for the concrete material supply of next round.
CN 201110054781 2011-03-09 2011-03-09 Concrete-producing machine and manufacturing and using method thereof CN102152382A (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103144187A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-06-12 泰安昆泰长荣新型建材有限公司 Flat die and stand die combined product line for producing wallboard
CN103470052A (en) * 2013-09-26 2013-12-25 长沙远大住宅工业有限公司 Concrete spreader
CN103660008A (en) * 2012-09-18 2014-03-26 泉州市三联机械制造有限公司 Automatic grouting machine for light wallboards
CN104118035A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-29 济南留安石膏机械设备制造有限公司 Material distributing device for gypsum block production device
CN105984016A (en) * 2015-02-09 2016-10-05 任丘市永基建筑安装工程有限公司 Self-compacted concrete pouring technique for assembling mold
CN106142355A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-11-23 郑州三和水工机械有限公司 Mobile drawing mechanism and mixing plant
CN108656334A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-16 上海建工材料工程有限公司 Prefabricated components production digitlization concrete exact distributing system and its application method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3148700A1 (en) * 1981-05-30 1982-12-16 Hermann Weckenmann Mobile concrete bucket
CN201493962U (en) * 2009-09-07 2010-06-02 河北新大地机电制造有限公司 Concrete distributor for high-speed railway unballasted track slab
CN201649660U (en) * 2010-02-03 2010-11-24 福建南方路面机械有限公司 Concrete spreader
CN101905488A (en) * 2010-07-12 2010-12-08 中铁四局集团第五工程有限公司 Track plate prefabrication concrete transport and distribution system
CN202006506U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-10-12 郑州市市政工程总公司 Concrete distributing machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE3148700A1 (en) * 1981-05-30 1982-12-16 Hermann Weckenmann Mobile concrete bucket
CN201493962U (en) * 2009-09-07 2010-06-02 河北新大地机电制造有限公司 Concrete distributor for high-speed railway unballasted track slab
CN201649660U (en) * 2010-02-03 2010-11-24 福建南方路面机械有限公司 Concrete spreader
CN101905488A (en) * 2010-07-12 2010-12-08 中铁四局集团第五工程有限公司 Track plate prefabrication concrete transport and distribution system
CN202006506U (en) * 2011-03-09 2011-10-12 郑州市市政工程总公司 Concrete distributing machine

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103660008A (en) * 2012-09-18 2014-03-26 泉州市三联机械制造有限公司 Automatic grouting machine for light wallboards
CN103144187A (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-06-12 泰安昆泰长荣新型建材有限公司 Flat die and stand die combined product line for producing wallboard
CN103470052A (en) * 2013-09-26 2013-12-25 长沙远大住宅工业有限公司 Concrete spreader
CN104118035A (en) * 2014-07-16 2014-10-29 济南留安石膏机械设备制造有限公司 Material distributing device for gypsum block production device
CN105984016A (en) * 2015-02-09 2016-10-05 任丘市永基建筑安装工程有限公司 Self-compacted concrete pouring technique for assembling mold
CN106142355A (en) * 2016-08-30 2016-11-23 郑州三和水工机械有限公司 Mobile drawing mechanism and mixing plant
CN108656334A (en) * 2018-05-28 2018-10-16 上海建工材料工程有限公司 Prefabricated components production digitlization concrete exact distributing system and its application method

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