CN102120709A - Environmentally friendly seed treatment agent - Google Patents

Environmentally friendly seed treatment agent Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102120709A
CN102120709A CN2010100336211A CN201010033621A CN102120709A CN 102120709 A CN102120709 A CN 102120709A CN 2010100336211 A CN2010100336211 A CN 2010100336211A CN 201010033621 A CN201010033621 A CN 201010033621A CN 102120709 A CN102120709 A CN 102120709A
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Prior art keywords
treatment agent
seed treatment
sugar solution
amino sugar
nutritive medium
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Pending
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CN2010100336211A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
阮芳勇
刘旭明
赖秋鸿
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Beijing Yizhongheng Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Yizhongheng Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010100336211A priority Critical patent/CN102120709A/en
Publication of CN102120709A publication Critical patent/CN102120709A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention provides an environmentally friendly seed treatment agent which consists of nutrient solution and amino sugar solution. The invention also discloses a preparation technology of the seed treatment agent. By spraying the seed treatment agent of the invention on crop seeds, the main indexes of the single plant such as average root number, tiller number, stem diameter and fresh weight can be significantly increased, and diseases and infections can be effectively reduced. In addition, the treatment agent has simple preparation technology; the cost of the treatment agent is reduced by about 50% compared with the similar products in the market under the same effect; and the invention opens up a new road for the production of pollution-free agricultural products.

Description

The environment-friendly type seed treatment agent
Technical field
The present invention relates to study fertilizer field, relate to a kind of environment-friendly type seed treatment agent and preparation technology thereof particularly.
Background technology
Seed melon, hami melon and sunflower are the main cash crop in Xinjiang, its farming, ladder of management advanced person, but sick worm harm is serious are subjected to disease and pest, fertilizer to use the influence of factors such as science not over the years, crop yield pace up and down for a long time in low-level, influenced agro based economic development and Increase Income of Peasant Households.
At present, the chemical pesticide of high dosage is used in being still in crop morbidity back that peasant household generally adopts, and is accustomed to inclined to one side nitrogen fertilizer application and phosphate fertilizer.This has just caused a series of problems such as soil compaction, fertility degeneration, crop alimentary imbalance, pesticide residue height.
Along with the raising of living standards of the people, the pesticide residue problem of agricultural-food receives publicity day by day, and green food, Organic food are subjected to the heat in market and hold in both hands.Under this social background, develop nontoxic, harmless, the free of contamination environment-friendly type means of agricultural production and become trend of the times.The present invention is conceived to improve himself immunizing power, the route of walking to put prevention first for plant provides balanced nutritious in disease control.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problem that will solve
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of seed treatment agent, another purpose of the present invention provides the preparation method of this seed treatment agent.
(2) technical scheme
The invention provides a kind of seed treatment agent, it is made up of nutritive medium and amino sugar solution, wherein, nutritive medium contains components such as nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate, Na2EDTA, ferrous sulfate, boric acid, manganous sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, molybdic acid, and amino sugar solution contains chitosan and amino-oligosaccharide.
Volume ratio when wherein, nutritive medium and amino sugar solution are mixed is: nutritive medium: amino sugar solution=2-10: 1.Volume ratio when preferably, nutritive medium and amino sugar solution are mixed is: nutritive medium: amino sugar solution=4-8: 1.
Each components contents is in the nutritive medium: nitrocalcite 70-90g/L, saltpetre 45-55g/L, sal epsom 40-50g/L, potassium primary phosphate 20-35g/L, Na2EDTA 6-8g/L, ferrous sulfate 4-6g/L, boric acid 2-4g/L, manganous sulfate 0.5-1.5g/L, copper sulfate 0.05-0.08g/L, zinc sulfate 0.1-0.4g/L, molybdic acid 0.06-0.16g/L.
The compound method of nutritive medium following (dosage of various elements carries out proportioning according to aforesaid component concentration):
1. nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate are dissolved in respectively in 1 premium on currency, be made into big, moderate-element stock solution;
2. 1 liter of boiling water is divided and do two parts, dissolve in Na2EDTA and ferrous sulfate respectively by above-mentioned content, mix then, reheat boils, and makes the chelated iron stock solution;
3. boric acid, manganous sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, molybdic acid are mixed and dissolve in 1 premium on currency, be mixed with micro-stock solution;
4. in every premium on currency, add respectively 10 milliliters of nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate stock solutions respectively, add 1 milliliter of chelated iron stock solution then, add 1 milliliter of micro-stock solution again, mixing makes nutritive medium.
The mass ratio of chitosan and amino-oligosaccharide is in the amino sugar solution: chitosan: amino-oligosaccharide=4-9: 1.The concentration of amino sugar solution is 60~1000ppm.Preferably, the concentration of amino sugar solution is 500~650ppm.
The compound method of amino sugar solution is: chitosan is dissolved with Whitfield's ointment, and amino-oligosaccharide is dissolved in water; Two kinds of solution with gained mix then, the proportioning of chitosan and amino-oligosaccharide as previously mentioned, dilution is 1 liter, makes amino sugar solution.
Seed treatment agent of the present invention, its preparation technology comprises the steps:
(1) preparation nutritive medium;
(2) preparation amino sugar solution;
(3) with the nutritive medium that makes and amino sugar solution by nutritive medium: amino sugar solution=2-10: 1 mixed obtains seed treatment agent.
Seed treatment agent of the present invention, its using method is: get seed treatment agent seed is evenly sprayed, turns, the moon dries in the air and can sow in 3~4 hours, and consumption is that every double centner seed needs seed treatment agent 5-8L.
Seed treatment agent of the present invention can be widely used in agricultural, forestry and gardening.
(3) beneficial effect
Leading indicators such as after adopting seed treatment agent of the present invention that crop seed is sprayed processing, mean elements, tiller number, the stem that can significantly improve individual plant is thick, fresh weight effectively reduce disease and infect.Moreover, this treatment agent production technique is simple, is reaching under the situation of equal effect, and cost reduces about 50% than market like product, for new approach has been opened up in the production of non-polluted farm product.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a germination effect comparison diagram of handling the spring wheat seed with different methods, and wherein, a, d represent the seed dressing seed dressing with commercially available commodity " Wei Fu " by name; B represents with seed treatment agent seed dressing of the present invention; C represents drug treating of no use, as blank.
Embodiment
Following examples are used to illustrate the present invention, but are not used for limiting protection scope of the present invention.
The preparation of embodiment 1 seed treatment agent
(1) preparation nutritive medium:
1. nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate are dissolved in respectively in 1 premium on currency, be made into big, moderate-element stock solution;
2. 1 liter of boiling water is divided and do two parts, dissolve in Na2EDTA and ferrous sulfate respectively, mix then, reheat boils, and makes the chelated iron stock solution;
3. boric acid, manganous sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, molybdic acid are mixed and dissolve in 1 premium on currency, be mixed with micro-stock solution;
4. in every premium on currency, add respectively 10 milliliters of nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate stock solutions respectively, add 1 milliliter of chelated iron stock solution then, add 1 milliliter of micro-stock solution again, mixing makes nutritive medium.
Each components contents is in the nutritive medium that makes: nitrocalcite 70g/L, saltpetre 45g/L, sal epsom 50g/L, potassium primary phosphate 35g/L, Na2EDTA 6g/L, ferrous sulfate 4g/L, boric acid 4g/L, manganous sulfate 1.5g/L, copper sulfate 0.05g/L, zinc sulfate 0.1g/LL, molybdic acid 0.16g/L.
(2) preparation amino sugar solution: chitosan is dissolved with Whitfield's ointment, and amino-oligosaccharide is dissolved in water, and two kinds of solution with gained mix then, and dilution is 1 liter; The mass ratio of chitosan and amino-oligosaccharide is in the mixing solutions: chitosan: amino-oligosaccharide=4: 1, the concentration that makes amino sugar solution is 60ppm.
(3) with the above-mentioned nutritive medium that makes and amino sugar solution by nutritive medium: the mixed of amino sugar solution=2: 1 (volume ratio) obtains seed treatment agent.
The preparation of embodiment 2 seed treatment agents
(1) preparation nutritive medium:
1. nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate are dissolved in respectively in 1 premium on currency, be made into big, moderate-element stock solution;
2. 1 liter of boiling water is divided and do two parts, dissolve in Na2EDTA and ferrous sulfate respectively, mix then, reheat boils, and makes the chelated iron stock solution;
3. boric acid, manganous sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, molybdic acid are mixed and dissolve in 1 premium on currency, be mixed with micro-stock solution;
4. in every premium on currency, add respectively 10 milliliters of nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate stock solutions respectively, add 1 milliliter of chelated iron stock solution then, add 1 milliliter of micro-stock solution again, mixing makes nutritive medium.
Each components contents is in the nutritive medium that makes: nitrocalcite 90g/L, saltpetre 55g/L, sal epsom 40g/L, potassium primary phosphate 20g/L, Na2EDTA 8g/L, ferrous sulfate 6g/L, boric acid 2g/L, manganous sulfate 0.5g/L, copper sulfate 0.08g/L, zinc sulfate 0.4g/L, molybdic acid 0.06g/L.。
(2) preparation amino sugar solution: chitosan is dissolved with Whitfield's ointment, and amino-oligosaccharide is dissolved in water, and two kinds of solution with gained mix then, and dilution is 1 liter; The mass ratio of chitosan and amino-oligosaccharide is in the mixing solutions: chitosan: amino-oligosaccharide=9: 1, the concentration that makes amino sugar solution is 1000ppm.
(3) with the above-mentioned nutritive medium that makes and amino sugar solution by nutritive medium: the mixed of amino sugar solution=10: 1 (volume ratio) obtains seed treatment agent.
The seed dressing effect of embodiment 3 seed treatment agents of the present invention and commercially available commodity " Wei Fu " by name
Comparative experiments
1, experiment area and crop: red flag township, Yumin County, Tacheng area spring wheat is handled seed with different methods, carries out the investigation of seedling growing way;
2, handle: a, d represent the seed dressing seed dressing with commercially available commodity " Wei Fu " by name; B represents with seed treatment agent seed dressing of the present invention; C represents drug treating of no use, as blank;
3, result: 26 days " Invest, Then Investigate "s, the result as shown in Figure 1.B wheat seedling growing way is obviously good than a, c, d among the figure, and the investigation correlation data is as follows:
Individual plant mean elements: b is Duoed 1.175 than a, Duos 2.06 than d, Duos 1.25 than c;
Individual plant The mean tillering number: b is Duoed 0.755 than a, Duos 0.77 than d, Duos 0.88 than c;
Average three leaves of individual plant wholeheartedly strain number: b Duo 52.7% than a, Duo 33.3% than d, Duo 47.7% than c;
Thick (diameter): b is bigger 0.0512 centimetre than a for the average stem of individual plant, and is bigger 0.0636 centimetre than d, bigger 0.0443 centimetre than c;
The average fresh weight of individual plant: b weighs 0.1015 gram than a, weighs 0.2796 gram than d, weighs 0.243 gram than c.The coating agent for seed effect comparative experiments of embodiment 4 seed treatment agents of the present invention and commercially available commodity " good fortune ketone " by name
1, experiment area and crop: Xinjiang one six six seed stations winter wheat of farming nine teachers are handled seed with different methods, carry out the investigation of seedling growing way;
2, handle: respectively with the coating agent for seed processing winter wheat seed of embodiment 2 gained seed treatment agents with commercially available commodity " good fortune ketone " by name;
3, result: sampling point investigation, single file sampling, sampling segment length 20cm
Wheat seeding leading indicator questionnaire unit: cm in the sample section; g
Figure G2010100336211D00051
Data can clearly be found out from table, handle winter wheat seed with seed treatment agent of the present invention, handle winter wheat seed with respect to good fortune ketone wheat seed coating agent, and 0.847 of seminal root is given birth in the average every strain of wheat seeding more, and average root length grows 2 centimetres, well developed root system.The average blades of giving birth to of individual plant, the individual plant stem slightly on average increases thick 0.02902 centimetre, single-strain fresh weight average weight gain 0.1526 gram, the stalwartness of growing more.This explanation adopts seed treatment agent of the present invention to handle after the seed, can promote seedlings root to grow the absorption that has additional nutrients, growth of seedling stalwartness.

Claims (10)

1. environment-friendly type seed treatment agent, it is made up of nutritive medium and amino sugar solution, wherein, nutritive medium contains components such as nitrocalcite, saltpetre, sal epsom, potassium primary phosphate, Na2EDTA, ferrous sulfate, boric acid, manganous sulfate, copper sulfate, zinc sulfate, molybdic acid, and amino sugar solution contains chitosan and amino-oligosaccharide.
2. seed treatment agent according to claim 1 is characterized in that the volume ratio when described nutritive medium and amino sugar solution are mixed is: nutritive medium: amino sugar solution=2-10: 1.
3. seed treatment agent according to claim 2 is characterized in that the volume ratio when described nutritive medium and amino sugar solution are mixed is: nutritive medium: amino sugar solution=4-8: 1.
4. seed treatment agent according to claim 1 is characterized in that each components contents is in the described nutritive medium: nitrocalcite 70-90g/L, saltpetre 45-55g/L, sal epsom 40-50g/L, potassium primary phosphate 20-35g/L, Na2EDTA 6-8g/L, ferrous sulfate 4-6g/L, boric acid 2-4g/L, manganous sulfate 0.5-1.5g/L, copper sulfate 0.05-0.08g/L, zinc sulfate 0.1-0.4g/L, molybdic acid 0.06-0.16g/L.
5. seed treatment agent according to claim 1 is characterized in that the mass ratio of chitosan and amino-oligosaccharide is in the described amino sugar solution: chitosan: amino-oligosaccharide=4-9: 1.
6. seed treatment agent according to claim 5, the concentration that it is characterized in that described amino sugar solution is 60~1000ppm.
7. seed treatment agent according to claim 6, the concentration that it is characterized in that described amino sugar solution is 500~650ppm.
8. according to the arbitrary described seed treatment agent of claim 1-7, its preparation technology comprises the steps:
(1) preparation nutritive medium;
(2) preparation amino sugar solution;
(3) with the nutritive medium that makes and amino sugar solution by the described mixed of claim 2, obtain seed treatment agent.
9. according to the arbitrary described seed treatment agent of claim 1-7, its using method is: get seed treatment agent seed is evenly sprayed, turns, the moon dries in the air and can sow in 3~4 hours, and consumption is that every double centner seed needs seed treatment agent 5-8L.
10. according to the application in agricultural, forestry and gardening of the arbitrary described seed treatment agent of claim 1-7.
CN2010100336211A 2010-01-07 2010-01-07 Environmentally friendly seed treatment agent Pending CN102120709A (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782670A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-22 山东省农作物种质资源中心 Corn seed treatment agent
CN104920483A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 阜南县猛发工艺品有限公司 High-effective willow seed treatment agent
CN104920459A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 蚌埠市乔峰农业蔬菜专业合作社 Treating agent for okra seeds
CN106613652A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 广东林科种苗有限公司 Cedar sterile sowing seedling growing method

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104782670A (en) * 2015-03-26 2015-07-22 山东省农作物种质资源中心 Corn seed treatment agent
CN104920483A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 阜南县猛发工艺品有限公司 High-effective willow seed treatment agent
CN104920459A (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-09-23 蚌埠市乔峰农业蔬菜专业合作社 Treating agent for okra seeds
CN106613652A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-10 广东林科种苗有限公司 Cedar sterile sowing seedling growing method

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Application publication date: 20110713