CN102095602B - A kind of soil profile sampler - Google Patents

A kind of soil profile sampler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102095602B
CN102095602B CN201010622072.1A CN201010622072A CN102095602B CN 102095602 B CN102095602 B CN 102095602B CN 201010622072 A CN201010622072 A CN 201010622072A CN 102095602 B CN102095602 B CN 102095602B
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China
Prior art keywords
sample box
sampler
pipe
point sample
soil
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CN201010622072.1A
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CN102095602A (en
Inventor
张少庆
王国平
张玉霞
刘树元
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Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
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Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
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Abstract

A kind of soil profile sampler, it is characterized in that, it is made up of soil sampler and section sample spliter.A kind of soil profile sampler design provided by the invention is ingenious, and structure is simple, can ensure that the soil sample sample of collection can not slippage, can loosely, sample is difficult to sample in shaping soil; Soil sampler is provided with multiple sampling box room, and ensure the meticulous layering of pedotheque, multiple sample can be taked simultaneously, realizes in situ sampling; Sampling box volume and weight necessarily, facilitate the mensuration of pedotheque unit weight.Be particularly suitable for using in the wild.

Description

A kind of soil profile sampler
Technical field
The present invention relates to soil profile sampler.
Background technology
At present, known columnar soil sampler has integral type half gouge to bore and soil column cylinder sampling thief from drill bit point.Hand-operated soil sampling thief and mechanical soil sampler is had from power point.Hand-operated soil sampling thief driver element is handle.Operating process is vertically inserted in soil by sampling head, is then pressed in sampling head by actions such as extruding, rotations downwards by soil, finally soil sampler extracted and rotated backward from soil to obtain pedotheque.The shortcoming of hand-operated soil sampling thief is that pedotheque is difficult to shaping and easy slippage from soil-sampling head; And the pedotheque layering of hand-operated soil samplers sample is coarse, and packing is loaded down with trivial details, accurate for pedotheque stratified sampling well can not be preserved, be difficult to the interlayer change location accurately determining soil soil property, and the index such as soil thickness.Machinery soil sampler needs to be equipped with propulsion system, inconvenient field work; The length of integral type half-round drill is longer, not portable.(list of references: integral type half gouge bores, Beijing Heng Run He Rui company, Xing Fu mall 308 Room, No. 1, Dingfuzhuang West Street, Chaoyang District, Beijing City; XDB0401 soil column cylinder sampling thief, XDB0404 petrol power root bores, New land mark in Beijing soil equipment company limited, Room, No. 9 science and technology buildings 2303, ZhongGuanCun south Street, Haidian District, BeiJing City).
Summary of the invention
In order to address the deficiencies of the prior art, the invention provides a kind of soil profile sampler.The invention provides the dismounting of a kind of soil profile sampler by convenient, more laborsaving, the meticulous layering of dress and preserve sampling, adapted soil soil property comparatively extensively and Multi-example can gather simultaneously.
The invention provides a kind of soil profile sampler to be made up of soil sampler and section sample spliter, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 7, described soil sampler is made up of handle 1, steady arm 2, connector 3, standing screw 4, sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6, handle 1 is pipe, support bar 2 is pipe, the central part vertical welding of the pipe of handle 1 is in the upper end of the pipe of support bar 2, connector 3 is right cylinder, the lower end of the pipe of handle 1 is welded on the cylindrical upper surface central part of connector 3, a semicircular blind slot sampler embedded groove 18 is had in the right cylinder of connector 3, and the cylindrical sidewall of connector 3 has a female fixing threaded hole 19, the top of sampler 5 is semicircular pipe, the sidewall of this semicircular pipe has a sampling thief fixed orifice 16, the equal diameters of this sampling thief fixed orifice 16 and fixing threaded hole 19 and the center of circle overlap, externally threaded circular standing screw 4 is had to be placed in fixing threaded hole 19 and sampling thief fixed orifice 16, and be fixedly connected with the right cylinder of the semicircular pipe on the top of sampler 5 with connector 3 by screw thread, the bottom of sampler 5 is the round tubes closed be integrated with the semicircular pipe on top, this lower end of round tube closed and the upper end of collapsible tube 6 are welded to connect, collapsible tube 6 is reverse frustoconic pipe, the equal diameters of the round tube of the upper caliber of this reverse frustoconic pipe and the bottom of sampler 5, and the caliber of the lower end of collapsible tube 6 is thin, can ensure that the soil sample be obtained can not landing.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3-Fig. 6, described profile sampler is made up of thruster, pedotheque layering cutter and a point sample box, thruster is rectangular pushing plate 8, pushing plate 8 be welded with above three circular pushing ram sleeve pipes 11, each pushing ram sleeve pipe can insert a columniform pushing ram 9 respectively; Pedotheque layering cutter is welded in point sample box back up pad 10 by the segmentation blade 7 of circle, sample box back up pad 10 is divided to be semi-circle tubular plate, the quantity of segmentation blade 7 is consistent with the quantity of point sample box, often adjacent two segmentation blade 7 spacings are just point sample box can be embedded wherein, the equal diameters of segmentation blade 7 and point sample box back up pad 10; There are pushing ram circular hole 17 in the central authorities of point sample box back up pad 10 of semi-circle tubular, and columniform pushing ram 9 can be placed in pushing ram circular hole 17 respectively and then point sample box is placed between circular segmentation blade 7 respectively; Divide sample box to be the cylindrical box of front opening, it forms by being circular point sample box cover 13 and point sample box lower cover and semicircular point of sample box wall 14; Columniform pushing ram 9 is welded on point central authorities for the outer wall of sample box wall 14; Point sample box cover is also the cylindrical box of one end open, and it overlaps a upper cover 12 and point sample box overlaps lower cover and semicircular point of sample lid wall 15 forms by being circular point sample box; Divide sample box can be placed in respectively in point sample box cover from openend.
At ordinary times, sample box is divided to be placed in point sample box cover respectively from a point sample box cover openend; Before dividing sample, point sample box be overlapped interior taking-up from dividing sample box respectively; After dividing sample, a point sample box is placed in point sample box cover, to protect the soil sample of taking-up more respectively.
A kind of use of soil profile sampler is dynamic: the soil sampler of soil profile sampler of the present invention is placed in the earth's surface place that will sample, then rotary handle 1 also applies power downwards, thus the predetermined depth driving sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6 to pierce in soil layer samples; Reverse direction rotary handle 1 after sampling also upwards applies power, and soil sampler is proposed earth's surface; Before dividing sample, point sample box respectively from taking-up in point sample box cover; Then, the columniform pushing ram 9 on point sample box is placed in respectively in the pushing ram circular hole 17 of the central authorities of point sample box back up pad 10 of semi-circle tubular, thus respectively a point sample box is placed between two segmentation blades 7; Before the cylindrical soil sample again section sample spliter being placed in the opening part of the sampler 5 of soil sampler, enforce pushing plate 8, and then promote cutting blade 7 and a point sample box and enter respectively in cylindrical soil sample layer and sample; After taking sample, pull-out pushing plate 8 also allows section sample spliter be separated with sampler 5; Take out point sample box that soil sample after point sample is housed after point sample respectively, a point sample box is placed in point sample box respectively and overlaps, protect the soil sample of taking-up to analyze and research.
Can also be on-the-spot in sampling, before point sample, sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6 are unloaded down, meanwhile, reinstalls another sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6, repeated sampling.The sampler 5 unloaded down and collapsible tube 6 bring back to laboratory after casing respectively, then are analyzed and researched respectively after dividing sample with section sample spliter.
Beneficial effect: a kind of soil profile sampler provided by the invention, designs ingenious, and structure is simple, can ensure that the soil sample sample of collection can not slippage; Can loosely, sample is difficult to sample in shaping soil; Soil sampler is provided with multiple sampling box room, and ensure the meticulous layering of pedotheque, multiple sample can be taked simultaneously, realizes in situ sampling; Sampling box volume and weight necessarily, facilitate the mensuration of pedotheque unit weight.Be particularly suitable for using in the wild.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of soil profile sampler of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is soil sampler side view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is section sample spliter front view of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is section sample spliter vertical view of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the sectional view of I-I in section sample spliter front view of the present invention.Fig. 5 is structure and the annexation of showing point sample box and back up pad 10.
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of II-II in section sample spliter front view of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the sectional view of III-III in soil sampler side view of the present invention.Fig. 7 is structure and the annexation of showing sampler embedded groove 18, fixing threaded hole 19 and sampler fixed orifice 16.
Embodiment
The invention provides a kind of soil profile sampler to be made up of soil sampler and section sample spliter;
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 7, described soil sampler is made up of handle 1, steady arm 2, connector 3, standing screw 4, sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6, handle 1 is pipe, support bar 2 is pipe, the central part vertical welding of the pipe of handle 1 is in the upper end of the pipe of support bar 2, connector 3 is right cylinder, the lower end of the pipe of handle 1 is welded on the cylindrical upper surface central part of connector 3, a semicircular blind slot sampler embedded groove 18 is had in the right cylinder of connector 3, and the cylindrical sidewall of connector 3 has a female fixing threaded hole 19, the top of sampler 5 is semicircular pipe, the sidewall of this semicircular pipe has a sampling thief fixed orifice 16, the equal diameters of this sampling thief fixed orifice 16 and fixing threaded hole 19 and the center of circle overlap, externally threaded circular standing screw 4 is had to be placed in fixing threaded hole 19 and sampling thief fixed orifice 16, and be fixedly connected with the right cylinder of the semicircular pipe on the top of sampler 5 with connector 3 by screw thread, the bottom of sampler 5 is the round tubes closed be integrated with the semicircular pipe on top, this lower end of round tube closed and the upper end of collapsible tube 6 are welded to connect, collapsible tube 6 is reverse frustoconic pipe, the equal diameters of the round tube of the upper caliber of this reverse frustoconic pipe and the bottom of sampler 5, and the caliber of the lower end of collapsible tube 6 is thin, can ensure that the soil sample be obtained can not landing.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3-Fig. 6, described profile sampler is made up of thruster, pedotheque layering cutter and a point sample box, thruster is rectangular pushing plate 8, pushing plate 8 be welded with above three circular pushing ram sleeve pipes 11, each pushing ram sleeve pipe can insert a columniform pushing ram 9 respectively; Pedotheque layering cutter is welded in point sample box back up pad 10 by the segmentation blade 7 of circle, sample box back up pad 10 is divided to be semi-circle tubular plate, the quantity of segmentation blade 7 is consistent with the quantity of point sample box, often adjacent two segmentation blade 7 spacings are just point sample box can be embedded wherein, the equal diameters of segmentation blade 7 and point sample box back up pad 10; There are pushing ram circular hole 17 in the central authorities of point sample box back up pad 10 of semi-circle tubular, and columniform pushing ram 9 can be placed in pushing ram circular hole 17 respectively and then point sample box is placed between circular segmentation blade 7 respectively; Divide sample box to be the cylindrical box of front opening, it forms by being circular point sample box cover 13 and point sample box lower cover and semicircular point of sample box wall 14; Columniform pushing ram 9 is welded on point central authorities for the outer wall of sample box wall 14; Point sample box cover is also the cylindrical box of one end open, and it overlaps a upper cover 12 and point sample box overlaps lower cover and semicircular point of sample lid wall 15 forms by being circular point sample box; Divide sample box can be placed in respectively in point sample box cover from openend.
At ordinary times, sample box is divided to be placed in point sample box cover respectively from a point sample box cover openend; Before dividing sample, point sample box be overlapped interior taking-up from dividing sample box respectively; After dividing sample, a point sample box is placed in point sample box cover, to protect the soil sample of taking-up more respectively.
A kind of use of soil profile sampler is dynamic: the soil sampler of soil profile sampler of the present invention is placed in the earth's surface place that will sample, then rotary handle 1 also applies power downwards, thus the predetermined depth driving sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6 to pierce in soil layer samples; Reverse direction rotary handle 1 after sampling also upwards applies power, and soil sampler is proposed earth's surface; Before dividing sample, point sample box respectively from taking-up in point sample box cover; Then, the columniform pushing ram 9 on point sample box is placed in respectively in the pushing ram circular hole 17 of the central authorities of point sample box back up pad 10 of semi-circle tubular, thus respectively a point sample box is placed between two segmentation blades 7; Before the cylindrical soil sample again section sample spliter being placed in the opening part of the sampler 5 of soil sampler, enforce pushing plate 8, and then promote cutting blade 7 and a point sample box and enter respectively in cylindrical soil sample layer and sample; After taking sample, pull-out pushing plate 8 also allows section sample spliter be separated with sampler 5; Take out point sample box that soil sample after point sample is housed after point sample respectively, a point sample box is placed in point sample box respectively and overlaps, protect the soil sample of taking-up to analyze and research.
Can also be on-the-spot in sampling, before point sample, sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6 are unloaded down, meanwhile, reinstalls another sampler 5 and collapsible tube 6, repeated sampling.The sampler 5 unloaded down and collapsible tube 6 bring back to laboratory after casing respectively, then are analyzed and researched respectively after dividing sample with section sample spliter.
The concrete technical parameter of the present embodiment is as follows: handle 1 length is 300mm, pipe external diameter 30mm, wall thickness 2.5mm; Support bar 2 length is 400mm, pipe external diameter 30mm, wall thickness 2.5mm; Connector 3 is diameter 50mm, high 60mm, and there is sampler embedded groove 18 inside, and sidewall has fixing threaded hole 19, sampler embedded groove 18 is semi-circular groove, groove depth 55mm, semicircle external diameter 50mm, thickness 1mm, fixing threaded hole 19 diameter 7mm, internal thread hole 19 distance of center circle connector 3 upper end 20mm; Standing screw 4 length is 40mm, and diameter is 7mm; Sampler 5 length is 500mm, wall thickness 1.5mm, external diameter 40mm, and the semi-circular tube length of upper end is 490mm, the long 10mm of lower end pipe; Sampler fixed orifice 16 diameter 7mm, distance of center circle sampler 5 upper end 10mm; Collapsible tube 6 upper end external diameter 40mm, wall thickness 1.5mm, lower end external diameter 36mm, wall thickness 0.1-0.5mm, high 25mm; Segmentation blade 7 diameter is 37mm, and thickness is 0.2mm; Pushing plate 8 length × wide × height=300mm × 40mm × 4mm; The long 80mm of pushing ram 9; Sample spliter back up pad 10 internal diameter 37mm, wall thickness 2mm, length is 30; Pushing ram sleeve pipe 11 length is 100mm, internal diameter 9mm; Divide sample box cover upper cover 12 and a point sample box cover lower cover, divide sample box cover 13 and a point sample box lower cover diameter to be 37mm, thickness is 0.2mm, and the height of semicircular point of sample box wall 14, semicircular point of sample lid wall 15 is 10mm, and thickness is 1mm; Pushing ram circular hole 17 diameter 9.1mm.Point sample box is 20, often uses once can adopt 1 cm height and determine volume sample 20.

Claims (1)

1. a soil profile sampler, is characterized in that, it is made up of soil sampler and section sample spliter, described soil sampler is made up of handle (1), support bar (2), connector (3), standing screw (4), sampler (5) and collapsible tube (6), handle (1) is pipe, support bar (2) is pipe, the central part vertical welding of the pipe of handle (1) is in the upper end of the pipe of support bar (2), connector (3) is right cylinder, the lower end of the pipe of handle (1) is welded on the cylindrical upper surface central part of connector (3), a semicircular blind slot sampler embedded groove (18) is had in the right cylinder of connector (3), and the cylindrical sidewall of connector (3) has a female fixing threaded hole (19), the top of sampler (5) is semicircular pipe, the sidewall of this semicircular pipe has a sampling thief fixed orifice (16), the equal diameters of this sampling thief fixed orifice (16) and fixing threaded hole (19) and the center of circle overlap, externally threaded circular standing screw (4) is had to be placed in fixing threaded hole (19) and sampling thief fixed orifice (16), and by screw thread, the right cylinder of the semicircular pipe on the top of sampler (5) with connector (3) is fixedly connected with, the bottom of sampler (5) is the round tube closed be integrated with the semicircular pipe on top, this lower end of round tube closed and the upper end of collapsible tube (6) are welded to connect, collapsible tube (6) is the equal diameters of reverse frustoconic pipe, the round tube of the bottom of the upper caliber of this reverse frustoconic pipe and sampler (5), and the caliber of the lower end of collapsible tube (6) is thin,
Described section sample spliter is made up of thruster, pedotheque layering cutter and a point sample box, thruster is rectangular pushing plate (8), pushing plate (8) be welded with above three circular pushing ram sleeve pipes (11), each pushing ram sleeve pipe can insert a columniform pushing ram (9) respectively; Pedotheque layering cutter is welded in point sample box back up pad (10) by the segmentation blade (7) of circle, sample box back up pad (10) is divided to be semi-circle tubular plate, the quantity of segmentation blade (7) is consistent with the quantity of point sample box, often adjacent two segmentation blade (7) spacings are just point sample box can be embedded wherein, the equal diameters of segmentation blade (7) and point sample box back up pad (10); There are pushing ram circular hole (17) in the central authorities of point sample box back up pad (10) of semi-circle tubular, and columniform pushing ram (9) can be placed in pushing ram circular hole (17) respectively and then point sample box is placed between circular segmentation blade (7) respectively; Divide sample box to be the cylindrical box of front opening, it forms by being circular point sample box cover (13) and point sample box lower cover and semicircular point of sample box wall (14); Columniform pushing ram (9) is welded on point central authorities for the outer wall of sample box wall (14); Point sample box cover is also the cylindrical box of one end open, and it overlaps upper cover (12) and point sample box cover lower cover and semicircular point of sample lid wall (15) form by being circular point sample box; Divide sample box can be placed in respectively in point sample box cover from openend.
CN201010622072.1A 2010-12-30 2010-12-30 A kind of soil profile sampler Expired - Fee Related CN102095602B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102323104B (en) * 2011-08-31 2013-07-31 吉林大学 Primary state soil sampler for loose sandy soil
CN102353557A (en) * 2011-09-22 2012-02-15 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Cylindrical soil layering apparatus
CN104033149B (en) * 2014-06-20 2016-09-14 张轩宁 Hand-operated lever-type soil sample collector
CN104535358A (en) * 2014-12-04 2015-04-22 苏州国环环境检测有限公司 Soil profile sampler
CN104634610B (en) * 2015-02-13 2018-07-20 平顶山市质量技术监督检验测试中心 Soil sampler
CN104977182A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-10-14 贵州省环境科学研究设计院 Multifunctional layered soil sampler
CN105527120B (en) * 2016-01-09 2018-06-01 河南师范大学 A kind of upper soll layer soil layered sampler
CN106840748B (en) * 2016-12-28 2018-09-25 潘宁 A kind of Soil K+adsorption Stratified Sampling device
CN107586706B (en) * 2017-10-20 2020-06-12 齐鲁工业大学 Gene detection sampler
CN108181126B (en) * 2017-12-24 2019-12-03 自然资源部第一海洋研究所 Column shaped deposit sample divides sampling device

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US3690389A (en) * 1969-02-07 1972-09-12 Roelof Van De Beld Method and an apparatus for taking an undisturbed soil sample
CN2653481Y (en) * 2003-11-18 2004-11-03 王子平 Outer shoulder inner cone split plastic sampling tube
CN101140202A (en) * 2007-10-30 2008-03-12 中国农业大学 Mechanical type soil sampling apparatus
CN101592563A (en) * 2009-07-02 2009-12-02 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Soil sampler

Patent Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3690389A (en) * 1969-02-07 1972-09-12 Roelof Van De Beld Method and an apparatus for taking an undisturbed soil sample
CN2653481Y (en) * 2003-11-18 2004-11-03 王子平 Outer shoulder inner cone split plastic sampling tube
CN101140202A (en) * 2007-10-30 2008-03-12 中国农业大学 Mechanical type soil sampling apparatus
CN101592563A (en) * 2009-07-02 2009-12-02 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Soil sampler

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