CN102027860A - Edible fungus inoculation working system - Google Patents

Edible fungus inoculation working system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102027860A
CN102027860A CN 201010572621 CN201010572621A CN102027860A CN 102027860 A CN102027860 A CN 102027860A CN 201010572621 CN201010572621 CN 201010572621 CN 201010572621 A CN201010572621 A CN 201010572621A CN 102027860 A CN102027860 A CN 102027860A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
inoculation
air
ajutage
room
edible fungi
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CN 201010572621
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102027860B (en
Inventor
林新坚
陈敏
陈济琛
林戎斌
朱学军
马远远
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福建省农业科学院土壤肥料研究所
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Priority to CN 201010572621 priority Critical patent/CN102027860B/en
Publication of CN102027860A publication Critical patent/CN102027860A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to an edible fungus inoculation working system. An air intake dust-proof cover for controlling the fungus inoculation environment is arranged above a fungus bag horizontal conveyer belt positioned in an inoculation chamber; the dust-proof cover penetrates through partition walls on both sides of the inoculation chamber; the front and back sides of the dust-proof cover are respectively provided with an operation port; the opening on the upper end of the air intake dust-proof cover is connected with a blower pipe; the blower pipe is orderly provided with an initial effect filter, an ultraviolet sterilizing lamp, a cooler, a blower and a medium effect filter; and the air inlet of the blower pipe is connected with an outdoor fresh air port and a return air port positioned in a buffer chamber. Under controllable environment conditions, high-efficiency mechanization and automated production-line inoculation operation are realized, the labor intensity and production cost are lowered, and the requirements for large-scale intensified standardized circulating production of edible fungus are met, thereby ensuring that the inoculation region is sufficiently clean, and enhancing the inoculation yield.

Description

The edible fungi inoculation work system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of edible mushroom continuous working system.This classification inoculation apparatus belongs to the industrialized agriculture field, is mainly used in intensification, batch production Edible Fungi.
Background technology
In recent years, domestic Edible Fungi amount increases rapidly, but because the aggravation of the universal and market competition of production technology, the profit margin of Edible Fungi is but more and more littler.Edible Fungi must be changed to quality and efficiency by scalar type as early as possible, is changed to extensive facility cultivation by peasant's cultivation, and this has become grower's common recognition.Yet facility cultivation rests in the simple manual experience cultivation mostly at present, and ubiquity and yielded poorly, inferior problem.Especially edible fungi inoculation link, traditional inoculating hood is not applicable to intensification, batch production production.
Inoculation is the easiest link that causes pollution in the edible fungus industrial production.It is exactly bacterial classification that artificial culture is come out for further stock pure mycelium, the seedling of its suitable crops.Do not have bacterial classification, artificial cultivation can't carry out; Bacterial classification is bad, can not obtain good quality and high output.But bacterial classification must separate, inoculate and cultivate under aseptic condition.Therefore, control pollution, guarantee yield rate, must create the clean environment of certain aseptic degree.At present domestic roughly have three kinds to the transfer room sterilization method.First kind is chemical agent fumigation method, and this method mainly is that to adopt with formaldehyde be that the chemical agent of representative carries out the fumigation sterilization, and its shortcoming is, indoor seal is required high, big to the infringement of human body; On the other hand, these chemical agents can pollute the indoor and outdoors environment, and the green trend that develops with edible mushroom is not inconsistent.Second kind is ultraviolet sterilization, and this method is subjected to the influence of factors such as ultraviolet illumination distance, humidity and light intensity decreasing bigger, is difficult to guarantee stable Disinfection Effect, and between the three, the sterilization ability is the poorest.The third is an ozone disinfection, ozone begins to use in Edible Fungi as the substitute of traditional chemical medicament in recent years successively, but there are some problems when but at present edible mushroom field using ozone generator is implemented air sterillization,, inconvenient operation low etc. as: Disinfection Effect instability during actual use the, service life of equipment.Analyze wherein reason, ozone gas promptly begins decay when adding, and its aerial half life period is influenced by indoor temperature, humidity and air velocity etc.Ozone gas distributes by freely being diffused in the whole transfer room space and evenly, needs the long time, and during this period of time ozone has carried out partly decay, and concentration significantly reduces.Especially the transfer room space contains a large amount of suspended particles and aerosol, and objective microbe is easy to attached on the above-mentioned microcosmic particle, has strengthened the difficulty of sterilization.In the practical engineering application, in order to reach the concentration threshold of ozone, the dosage that adds of ozone should be in theory by several times that add dosage that threshold concentration calculated; Usually also need be under refrigeration and clean environment, ozone can reach desirable Disinfection Effect.
In sum, oneself becomes the bottleneck of restriction Edible Fungi to inoculate environment control problem.Existing continuous inoculation operating line does not still have the control of the inoculation of satisfying environment, particularly lacks structure effectively reliably, guarantees to inoculate regional area and reaches 100 grades of cleanliness factors.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of edible mushroom continuous working system; under the condition of ambient controlled; take to have the industrialization mode of production of modern agriculture feature; realize the streamline inoculation operation of high efficiency mechanization, automation, satisfy the requirement of scale, intensification, standardization, anniversary Edible Fungi.
The invention is characterized in: a kind of edible fungi inoculation work system, comprise the bacterium bag horizontal transmission bands that is arranged on the transfer room bottom, the input of described transport tape stretches to the chilling room that is positioned at transfer room one side, the output of described transport tape leads to and is positioned between another side of transfer room buffering, described transfer room and the buffering between and be provided with partition wall between transfer room and the chilling room, it is characterized in that: the described bacterium bag horizontal transmission bands top that is positioned at transfer room is provided with and is used to control the air intake dust cover that connects the collarium border, described dust cover connects the partition wall of the both sides of transfer room, described dust cover carries port to be provided with the wind pouring near the mobile case of the bacterium bag of chilling room one side, the both sides, front and back of described dust cover are provided with the inoculation gathering hole, described air intake dust cover upper end open is connected with ajutage, be disposed with roughing efficiency air filter on the described ajutage, ultraviolet sterilizing lamp, cooler, pressure fan and medium effeciency filter, the air inlet of described ajutage is connected with the return air inlet that is positioned between buffering with outdoor fresh wind port.
In order better to realize the present invention, the support of described transport tape downside is provided with deep bead, also be disposed with high efficiency particulate air filter and laminar flow hood between described ajutage and the dust cover, described ajutage also leads to and is arranged between inoculation and the high efficiency particulate air filter at chilling room top, between described inoculation with chilling room in air identical by return air wall or return air duct with return air inlet between buffering, the wind pouring ajutage that described wind spoons side is connected with ajutage, described partition wall is provided with wind blocking door, be provided with ozone generator in the described transfer room, both sides are provided with several dodge gates that detects usefulness for cleaning before and after the described dust cover.
Edible fungi inoculation work system of the present invention has the following advantages:
The one, the industrial flow-line operating type is introduced into the edible fungi inoculation link, bacterium bag transmission system compact conformation, reliable, easy to operate.Particularly be provided with the deep bead that connects two sides, left and right sides partition wall below the transport tape in transfer room, this deep bead is fixed on the transport tape support, with dust cover and loose-leaf system wind blocking door, constitute the main channel of pure air air draft, and then make the dust cover inner air pressure all the time greater than between inoculation or the air pressure in the chilling room.This to guarantee laminar flow hood internal layer fluid layer and under the inoculation operating area reach 100 grades of cleanliness factors and play a key effect.Therefore, the present invention realizes the streamline inoculation operation of high efficiency mechanization, automation under the condition of ambient controlled, reduce labour intensity and production cost, satisfies the requirement of scale, intensification, standardization, anniversary Edible Fungi.
The 2nd, air filtering decontamination cycle systemic-function is powerful, and effect is obvious, and is safe and reliable.New wind is sent into by centrifugal high pressure fan, through just, behind the medium air filtration, is sent into by the high efficiency filter air port of transfer room and chilling room again, and circulation reaches the indoor air purification effect continuously; Transfer room and chilling room all reach 10,000 grades of cleanliness factors, and form malleation, prevent that outer gas from flowing backwards.In transfer room, be provided with laminar flow hood and dust cover, dust cover connects two sides, left and right sides partition wall, and at the exhaust passage mouth wind is set and drenches, wind drenches apart from the inoculation operating area a segment distance, and the air draft direction is outside all the time, this has just guaranteed that the inoculation operating area reaches 100 grades of cleanliness factors, thereby guarantees that the inoculation zone is fully clean, improves the inoculation yield rate.
The 3rd, inoculation is the easiest link that causes pollution, therefore is that control was polluted during edible fungus industrial was produced, and guarantees the important step of yield rate.The present invention reaches and uses the incomparable cleanliness factor of chemicals fumigation, laminar flow hood internal layer fluid layer and under the static bacterium colony settlement number of inoculation operating area be zero.Inoculation environment and plant equipment are not had influence, personnel's health is not had influence.Air filtering decontamination cycle system applies of the present invention is more flexible, human oriented design emphatically.For example, the only ajutage gas purification that carries out disinfection of uviol lamp; Ozone generator also continuously the air in ajutage carry out fumigation, treat when unattended, regularly select a good opportunity in laminar flow hood or between inoculation or the air in the chilling room carry out fumigation.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of edible fungi inoculation work system of the present invention.
Among the figure: 1. 3. air-conditioner controllers, 4. return air inlets, 5. fresh wind ports, 6. mixing sections, 7. roughing efficiency air filters, 8. ultraviolet sterilizing lamps, 9. coolers, 10. pressure fans, 11. medium effeciency filters, 12. dust covers, 13. dodge gates, 14. gathering holes, 15. laminar flow hood, 16. ajutages, 17. high efficiency filter sections, 18. laminar flow layers, 19. ozone generators, 20. wind drench ajutage 21. chilling rooms 22. wind and drench 23. deep beads, 24. wind blocking doors, 25. transport tapes, 26. bacterium bag flow boxes, 27. chain transmissions, 28. transport tape supports, 29. transport tape motors between transfer room 2. bufferings.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment and accompanying drawing, further set forth the invention.
Edible fungi inoculation work system of the present invention is made up of bacterium bag transmission system and air filtering decontamination cycle system etc.
With reference to the accompanying drawings 1, described bacterium bag transmission system comprises that transport tape (25) is driven by the transport tape motor (29) and the chain drive (27) that are bearing on the transport tape support (28).Transfer room (1) two sides, left and right sides partition wall is separately installed with loose-leaf system wind blocking door (24).Place the mobile case (26) of bacterium bag of transport tape top,,, enter transfer room,, deliver to (2) between buffering again through left side wind blocking door through the right wind blocking door by chilling room (21).Be provided with the deep bead (23) that connects two sides, left and right sides partition wall below the transport tape in transfer room, and be fixed on the transport tape support; The transport tape top also is provided with the dust cover (12) that connects two sides, left and right sides partition wall, and bottom, dust cover side is provided with several dodge gates (13) that detects usefulness for cleaning; Top, two sides is provided with some handle holes (14) before and after the dust cover, can inoculate the usefulness of operation for many people simultaneously, and the dust cover top is provided with laminar flow hood (15).
The function of described air filtering decontamination cycle system mainly provides clean air.Come from the outdoor new air of fresh wind port (5) and come from air between the buffering of return air inlet (4), converge at mixer (6), through roughing efficiency air filter (7), ultraviolet sterilizing lamp (8), cooler (9), pressure fan (10), medium effeciency filter (11), enter the ajutage (16) at transfer room (1) top.Wherein, cooler adopts duplexing condition refrigeration machine or thermostatic and humidistatic air conditioning unit, is controlled by air-conditioner controller (3); Pressure fan adopts the air-supply of centrifugal high pressure fan pipeline, is connected between air-conditioning system air outlet and the transfer room; The ultraviolet line segment is equipped with some uviol lamps, to the purification that carries out disinfection of gas behind the mixer, enters the stage of better purifying space again behind subcooler; Roughing efficiency air filter and medium effeciency filter all adopt air filter, are installed on respectively before air air inlet place and the transfer room.High efficiency filter section (17) place the transfer room ajutage under and laminar flow hood directly over, the pure air cambium fluid layer (18) of laminar flow hood inner chamber.Between inoculation and the top of chilling room is provided with one or more high efficiency particulate air filters respectively, and is connected with ajutage; Wind blocking door place, the right is provided with wind pouring (22) between inoculation, drenches ajutage (20) by wind and also is connected with ajutage.Ozone generator (19) independently is installed between inoculation or in the chilling room, can be continuously regularly or select a good opportunity in laminar flow hood in the ajutage or between inoculation or the air in the chilling room carry out fumigation.The air that keeps malleation in the dust cover is discharged from wind blocking door under the deep bead restriction; Air communicates with return air inlet between buffering by return air wall, return air duct between inoculation and in the chilling room, finishes the air draft of air filtering decontamination cycle system and the operation of air return section.
The present invention does not limit to above-mentioned preferred forms, and anyone can draw other various forms of edible fungi inoculation work systems under enlightenment of the present invention.All equalizations of being done according to the present patent application claim change and modify, and all should belong to covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. edible fungi inoculation work system, comprise the bacterium bag horizontal transmission bands that is arranged on the transfer room bottom, the input of described transport tape stretches to the chilling room that is positioned at transfer room one side, the output of described transport tape leads to and is positioned between another side of transfer room buffering, described transfer room and the buffering between and be provided with partition wall between transfer room and the chilling room, it is characterized in that: the described bacterium bag horizontal transmission bands top that is positioned at transfer room is provided with and is used to control the air intake dust cover that connects the collarium border, described dust cover connects the partition wall of the both sides of transfer room, described dust cover carries port to be provided with the wind pouring near the mobile case of the bacterium bag of chilling room one side, the both sides, front and back of described dust cover are provided with the inoculation gathering hole, described air intake dust cover upper end open is connected with ajutage, be disposed with roughing efficiency air filter on the described ajutage, ultraviolet sterilizing lamp, cooler, pressure fan and medium effeciency filter, the air inlet of described ajutage is connected with the return air inlet that is positioned between buffering with outdoor fresh wind port.
2. edible fungi inoculation work system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: also be disposed with high efficiency particulate air filter and laminar flow hood between described ajutage and the dust cover.
3. edible fungi inoculation work system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the support of described transport tape downside is provided with deep bead.
4. edible fungi inoculation work system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described ajutage also leads to and is arranged between inoculation and the high efficiency particulate air filter at chilling room top, between described inoculation with chilling room in air identical by return air wall or return air duct with return air inlet between buffering.
5. edible fungi inoculation work system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the wind pouring ajutage that described wind spoons side is connected with ajutage.
6. edible fungi inoculation work system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described partition wall is provided with wind blocking door.
7. edible fungi inoculation work system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with ozone generator in the described transfer room.
8. edible fungi inoculation work system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: both sides are provided with several dodge gates that detects usefulness for cleaning before and after the described dust cover.
CN 201010572621 2010-12-03 2010-12-03 Edible fungus inoculation working system CN102027860B (en)

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102232346A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-09 淇县天邦菌业有限公司 Disinfection room for artificial inoculation of mushroom bags
CN102755982A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-31 苏州汾湖电梯有限公司 Production line dustproof protection device
CN103503856A (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-01-15 安徽省农业科学院植物保护与农产品质量安全研究所 Method for controlling weeds in tea garden by covering early rice straw
CN103598009A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-26 大连春晖农业有限公司 Hundred-grade purification fungus inoculation room and purification method thereof
CN104663242A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-06-03 青岛科朗特机电设备制造有限公司 Microwave mushroom automatic planting equipment and mushroom planting method
CN105684735A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-06-22 湖南省宇秀生物科技有限公司 Bacterium control handling method for bottled pleurotus eryngii factory-like inoculating room
CN109258309A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-25 侯马高知新生物科技有限公司 A kind of edible mushroom cultivating machine

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103548565B (en) * 2013-10-28 2015-02-18 河北省农业环境保护监测站 Shiitake cultivating and inoculating method

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101390477A (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-03-25 熊胜贵 Integration device for edible fungus culture medium sterilization, inoculation, cultivation, fruiting
CN201263325Y (en) * 2008-07-14 2009-07-01 刘永昶 Belt type machine for purification, transmission and inoculation
CN101658103B (en) * 2009-09-27 2011-08-10 白友新 Edible fungi sterilization and inoculation integrated equipment

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201263325Y (en) * 2008-07-14 2009-07-01 刘永昶 Belt type machine for purification, transmission and inoculation
CN101390477A (en) * 2008-11-11 2009-03-25 熊胜贵 Integration device for edible fungus culture medium sterilization, inoculation, cultivation, fruiting
CN101658103B (en) * 2009-09-27 2011-08-10 白友新 Edible fungi sterilization and inoculation integrated equipment

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102232346A (en) * 2011-04-29 2011-11-09 淇县天邦菌业有限公司 Disinfection room for artificial inoculation of mushroom bags
CN102755982A (en) * 2012-07-18 2012-10-31 苏州汾湖电梯有限公司 Production line dustproof protection device
CN103503856A (en) * 2013-09-09 2014-01-15 安徽省农业科学院植物保护与农产品质量安全研究所 Method for controlling weeds in tea garden by covering early rice straw
CN103598009A (en) * 2013-10-30 2014-02-26 大连春晖农业有限公司 Hundred-grade purification fungus inoculation room and purification method thereof
CN104663242A (en) * 2015-01-26 2015-06-03 青岛科朗特机电设备制造有限公司 Microwave mushroom automatic planting equipment and mushroom planting method
CN104663242B (en) * 2015-01-26 2017-02-01 山东科朗特微波设备有限公司 Microwave mushroom automatic planting equipment and mushroom planting method
CN105684735A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-06-22 湖南省宇秀生物科技有限公司 Bacterium control handling method for bottled pleurotus eryngii factory-like inoculating room
CN105684735B (en) * 2016-02-04 2019-05-03 湖南省宇秀生物科技有限公司 Bottle plants the control bacterium method of disposal of Pleurotus eryngii industrial transfer room
CN109258309A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-25 侯马高知新生物科技有限公司 A kind of edible mushroom cultivating machine

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