CN204043058U - Root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system - Google Patents

Root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204043058U
CN204043058U CN201420207751.6U CN201420207751U CN204043058U CN 204043058 U CN204043058 U CN 204043058U CN 201420207751 U CN201420207751 U CN 201420207751U CN 204043058 U CN204043058 U CN 204043058U
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China
Prior art keywords
air
plant
root system
plant soil
soil
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420207751.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方庭庭
顾华超
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SHANGHAI YIZHUO ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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SHANGHAI YIZHUO ENERGY-SAVING TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201420207751.6U priority Critical patent/CN204043058U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system.This system is by glass mould equipment structure greenhouse (1), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation module group (3), module group vertical plant wall (4), module sealing part (5) automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7), ventiduct system (8), eight part compositions.Its operation principle is; The air force that Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner produces, make generation negative pressure, outdoor air is forced to carry out air filtration by root system of plant soil micropore, the moisture of plant growth is provided by automatic irrigation soil moisture control system, thus constitutes a complete circular biological indoor air purification exchange system.

Description

Root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system
Technical field
The present invention relates to air purification field, particularly a kind of root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system.
Background technology
1 existing Techniques for Indoor Air Purification situation
A window ventilation dilemma
Current, China most cities resident is faced with from the indoor dual pollution with outdoor.
For the defence of room air pollution, continued to use the mode of window ventilation and force ventilation in the past always.Now but because the aggravation of outdoor air pollution, people are made to sink into the condition of facing a difficult choice, window and take a breath and force ventilation, mean to indoor and introduce more outdoor air pollution particle PM2.5, and close window and stop force ventilation, then endure the infringement of indoor formaldehyde and VOC pollution to the fullest extent.
The limitation that b force ventilation is filtered
People are seeking to be purified the air of a room by better facility and ventilation equipment to reduce pm2.5 Particulate Pollution.But domestic also appearance can reach the air-treatment cleaning equipment required so at present, some building and building were also once attempted installing filter additional in ventilating system and electrostatic adsorption device carrys out purified treatment air, but all fail to obtain desirable effect, its main cause is; Adopt force ventilation filtered air, cleanliness is by the restriction of filter screen density, filter screen density height then hinders air to pass through, filter screen density is low, can not remove PM2.5 particle, and the prior art of electrostatic adsorption device, for pm2.5 particle, not only can not eliminate, also inevitably create the pollution of ozone on the contrary.
The side effect of c air purifier
Because the whole people of PM2.5 discuss warmly, the quantity buying air purifier in family is increased sharply.
China's air purifier market is now only in low side state of development, and on market, mainly the simple small sized product of some functions is on sale, and product homogeneity phenomenon is serious.The manufacturing enterprise of these air cleaning facilities generally lacks scientific research strength, and the technological innovation of place field of purification is very limited.These air purifiers generally adopt the suspended particulate substance in electrostatic precipitation method absorbed air, and static field device designs according to principle of corona discharge.Almost invariably certain density ozone can be discharged along with corona discharge.Electrostatic field duty is also relevant with electric-field intensity.In the static field device of thin space, the electric-field intensity of electrostatic field region of discharge is greater than 6kV/cm, will produce excessive ozone.
In China market, air purifier brand is stood in great numbers, nearly all air purifier all nominal clean-up effect reaches more than 99%, but in fact but differs greatly with examination criteria result, and qualification rate is less than 2%, air purification effect is not good, also add the side effect of ozone pollution on the contrary.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system, comprise glass mould equipment structure greenhouse (1), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation module group (3), module group vertical plant wall (4), module sealing part (5), automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7), ventiduct system (8), eight part compositions;
Wherein, install in the greenhouse (1) of glass mould equipment structure and be combined as root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded module group (3) by multiple hexagon root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2) installation, and be combined as vertical plant cultivation wall (4) by multiple module group installation, module sealing part (5) is provided with between module, all unit connect automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), after filtering, pure air is by Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7), indoor are sent into ventiduct system (8).
In another preference, root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded cultivation module group (3) module group vertical plant wall (4) inner side that the air force that Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7) produces makes module sealing part (5) airtight produces negative pressure, outdoor air is forced to carry out air filtration by the root system of plant soil micropore in root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation unit (2), the moisture of plant growth is provided by automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), that filters through root system of plant soil purifies air by Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7) pipe-line system (8) the feeding inhabitation interior space, form a complete circular biological indoor air purification exchange system.
In another preference, the profile of described root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2) is hexagon, and there is seal tongue and groove at edge, and centre is provided with internal partition and airtight pane, suction hose and water-absorbing sponge.
The technical advantage of summary of the invention
1 index and the efficiency surmounting existing purification techniques
And existing air clearing product, mostly all add Electrostatic Absorption with mechanical filter net and add the appearance of blower fan form, decontamination index is all with the ambiguous explanation of (purification efficiency 99%), concrete cleanliness is not had to detect numerical value, this is because screen pack is too fine and closely woven, very easily blocks and be difficult to pass through air, screen pack slightly then cannot filter less particle, the efficiency of Electrostatic Absorption is very low, and need often to clean timely, small malleation in the impossible forming chamber of simple single blower fan air entering and returning, indoor air flow dead angle is greater than regions of air circulation, suspended pollution particle enters indoor by door and window gap.
The design concept of the present invention and existing air clearing product and design objective are two diverse concepts, design concept of the present invention is the individual ecological balanced system of small-sized family, correct for family's individuality temporary transient unbalanced state of state in atmospheric environment is raw, individual from air-polluting simultaneously in defence family, the pollution of dilution degraded ambient air, serves the two-way function that existing defence has again improvement.On design objective, the present invention is with the cleanliness of room air for Testing index, and numerical value up to standard is the pm2.5 suspended particulate substance 35 μ g/m of room air 3.(AQI index; Excellent).This index key Design up to standard is; Indoor air flow is in the stirring of small barotropic state and indoor air flow without dead angle state.In addition the nitrogen oxide NOx of room air, organic volatile and residues of formaldehyde VOCs, the index values such as ozone O3 and oxygen content all meet and have surmounted GB3095-2012 ambient air quality and GB/T 18883-2002) Indoor Air Quality standards.
2 realize innoxious ecology runs non-secondary pollution
The filter that market existing air purifier product great majority adopt and electrostatic adsorption device, in running, screen pack can pile up a large amount of dust and particulate pollutant, and in temperature humidity environment, grows virus and bacterium pollutes room air once again.The accumulation of electrostatic equipment also reason dust changes the electrical conductivity of air and corona and arcing occurs, and produces excessive ozone.Dust pollution substrate concentration high concentration in cleaned filter screen process, larger to the harm of people, when cleaning with water, then severe contamination water source.This equipment does not only have the effect protected the health, on the contrary can deeply by the infringement of secondary pollution.
The present invention is in operation, and dust and particulate pollutant, by root system of plant adsorption by soil, are degraded and are converted to nutrient needed for plant for plant growth under edaphon effect, realize innoxious ecology and run.
3 protect the health develops simultaneously with the effect of landscaping
In any living environment, evergreen all the year round wint.er garden always invigorating, even under not having the condition of greenhouse, people also can lay potted plant in oneself room or office etc. by fair means or foul, are the person's characters of the mankind with getting close to of plant.
The present invention uses science and technology to be combined with air filtration and air-conditioning system by greenhouse, adds new value, not only have the use value to healthy protect to greenhouse, and while also has and beautifies and plant to environment the function that Hua Yangcao moulds a person's temperament.Be kill two birds with one stone.
4 standard modular are produced and are conducive to popularizing
The present invention adopts the modularized production of design standard, is conducive to the efficiency improving mould work folder facility production continuous productive process, reduces the human cost making assembling process, be applicable to produce in enormous quantities, be conducive to the popularization of product with universal.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of a kind of root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram that a kind of root system of plant soil air of the present utility model filters degraded cultivation cellular construction;
Fig. 4 and Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of a kind of root system of plant soil air of the utility model filtering biological degraded cultivation module group;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of a kind of automatic irrigation soil moisture of the utility model control system;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of a kind of Total heat exchange air displacement of the utility model air conditioner.
Detailed description of the invention
1 configuration and principle
Root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system of the present invention is defined as: airtight built-in root system of plant soil air filtering module glass room space and the combination of Total heat exchange air conditioner scavenging utilities, reaches pm2.5 suspended particulate substance≤35 μ g/m after being applied to indoor air purification and replacing 3scale value.
System is by glass mould equipment structure greenhouse (1), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation module group (3), module group vertical plant wall (4), module sealing part (5), automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7), ventiduct system (8), eight part compositions.(referring to accompanying drawing 1)
Its operation principle is: the air force that Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7) produces, root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded cultivation module group (3) module group vertical plant wall (4) inner side making module sealing part (5) airtight produces negative pressure, outdoor air is forced to carry out air filtration by the root system of plant soil micropore in root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation unit (2), the moisture of plant growth is provided by automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), the moistening micropore of the soil PM2.5 suspended pollution particle very easily in absorbed air and the particulate pollutant of other more than PM10, filter the particulate pollutant that adsorbs to degrade and be converted to nutrient needed for plant growth under the effect of edaphon and secretions from plant roots and absorbed, the purify air oxygen that produces under photosynthesis with plant and the negative oxygen ion that filter through root system of plant soil mix, the inhabitation interior space is sent into via Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7) pipe-line system (8), constitute a complete circular biological indoor air purification exchange system.
2 product specifications and technical indicator
System module specification and size
1) the vertical area 3.96m of module group plant 2
The present invention is complete modularized design and production, and 1 is that to filter degraded cultivation module packet size be 2326*1703*370mm to product root system of plant soil, and the vertical area of plant is 3.96m2, and user can be combined according to residential floor area.
2) double glazing profile structure greenhouse module standard production size and area
Glass mould equipment structure greenhouse module standard of the present invention is produced and is of a size of 2800*1400mm, and area is 3.92m 2.User can be combined according to installation environment.Special requirement needs to customize.
3) Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner air quantity
Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner air circulation specification of the present invention is 1600m 3/ h, 3200m 3/ h, 6400m 3/ h, 12800m 3/ h tetra-grades, collection refrigeration, heats, circulation air-supply, new wind displacement, Total heat exchange, and ratio controlling functions is integrated, and user must calculate according to residential floor area and choose.
4) ventiduct system is customization glass magnesium composite air duct, and standard production sectional dimension specification is 125*125mm, 125*250mm, 125*450mm, 125*600mm tetra-grades, and user must calculate according to residential floor area and choose.
System purification technical indicator is (with residential floor area 100m 2for example)
Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner air circulation: 3200m 3/ h
3 root system of plant soil airs filter degraded cultivation cellular construction (referring to accompanying drawing 2 and accompanying drawing 3)
Root system of plant soil air filters the structure of degraded cultivation unit by frame (1), internal partition (2), airtight pane (3), suction hose (4), water-absorbing sponge (5), leaf mould (6), root system of plant (7) forms, and profile is regular hexagon, is divided into three cultivators by internal partition, regular hexagon structure to be conducive to when module group is piled up extracting replacing modular unit at any time, so that the replacing of plant and maintenance.
4 root system of plant soil airs filter degraded cultivation module group structure (referring to accompanying drawing 4 and accompanying drawing 5)
Root system of plant soil air filters degraded cultivation module group by cultivating modular unit (1), airtight module (2), rubber weather strip (3), rack frame (4) forms, the vertical plant structure of module group, is conducive to increasing plant surface and amasss, reduce floor space, can in less balcony, balcony uses.
5 automatic irrigations and soil moisture control technology (referring to accompanying drawing 6)
Automatic irrigation soil moisture control system is by water source (1), water level tank (2), water level controller (3), magnetic valve (4), water-supply-pipe (5), suction hose (6), water-absorbing sponge (7) forms, source water enters water level tank via magnetic valve and fixes water level and water-absorbing sponge sustained height, the water that plant soil siphons away water-absorbing sponge makes water level decreasing, water level controller sends signal to magnetic valve after water level lower limit being detected, magnetic valve acknowledge(ment) signal is opened, water level ends after rising to water-absorbing sponge sustained height, form automatic irrigation soil moisture control loop.
6 indoor air filtration displacement power configuration technology (decline accompanying drawing 7)
The core of indoor air filtration displacement power configuration is Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner, by total-heat exchanger (1), surface cooler (2), breeze fan (3), return air fan (4), exhaust blower (5), variable air-valve (6), YE (7), fan frequency converter (8) forms.There is provided chilled water to surface cooler (2) by handpiece Water Chilling Units during cooling in summer, cooling delivers to indoor by breeze fan (3) through ventilation shaft from the pure air of greenhouse, foul indoor air drains into outdoor by a variable air-valve pro-rata part through exhaust blower (5), another part sucks greenhouse entrance by return air fan (4) and carries out circulating filtration, and air is purified.
The power of the breeze fan (3) of indoor air filtration displacement power configuration is slightly larger than return air fan (4) and exhaust fan (5) sum, make room pressure be in small barotropic state, avoid outdoor air pollution thing to enter indoor from door and window gap.
Indoor temperature controls to be realized by indoor design temperature controlling run chilled water valve electric actuator (7) and fan frequency converter (8) by indoor thermostat.

Claims (3)

1. a root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system, comprise glass mould equipment structure greenhouse (1), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2), root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation module group (3), module group vertical plant wall (4), module sealing part (5), automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7), ventiduct system (8), eight part compositions;
It is characterized in that,
Install in the greenhouse (1) of glass mould equipment structure and be combined as root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded module group (3) by multiple hexagon root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2) installation, and be combined as vertical plant cultivation wall (4) by multiple module group installation, module sealing part (5) is provided with between module, all unit connect automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), after filtering, pure air is by Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7), sends into indoor with ventiduct system (8).
2. root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded cultivation module group (3) module group vertical plant wall (4) inner side that the air force that Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7) produces makes module sealing part (5) airtight produces negative pressure, outdoor air is forced to carry out air filtration by the root system of plant soil micropore in root system of plant soil filtering biological degraded cultivation unit (2), the moisture of plant growth is provided by automatic irrigation soil moisture control system (6), that filters through root system of plant soil purifies air by Total heat exchange air displacement air conditioner (7) pipe-line system (8) the feeding inhabitation interior space, form a complete circular biological indoor air purification exchange system.
3. root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, the profile of described root system of plant soil air filtering biological degraded cultivation modular unit (2) is hexagon, there is seal tongue and groove at edge, centre is provided with internal partition and airtight pane, suction hose and water-absorbing sponge.
CN201420207751.6U 2014-04-25 2014-04-25 Root system of plant soil indoor air filtration biodegradation purifying and replacing system Expired - Fee Related CN204043058U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542230A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-29 翁正祥 Plant wall air purifier
WO2017190705A1 (en) * 2016-05-06 2017-11-09 任少华 Plant air conditioning system or method

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104542230A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-04-29 翁正祥 Plant wall air purifier
WO2017190705A1 (en) * 2016-05-06 2017-11-09 任少华 Plant air conditioning system or method

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141224

Termination date: 20170425