CN101990987A - Method for recycling potato residue and waste water in production process of potato starch - Google Patents

Method for recycling potato residue and waste water in production process of potato starch Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN101990987A
CN101990987A CN2009101626308A CN200910162630A CN101990987A CN 101990987 A CN101990987 A CN 101990987A CN 2009101626308 A CN2009101626308 A CN 2009101626308A CN 200910162630 A CN200910162630 A CN 200910162630A CN 101990987 A CN101990987 A CN 101990987A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
filter
potato
waste water
sorbing
filtrate
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009101626308A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN101990987B (en
Inventor
庞中存
汪大辉
张永茂
黄玉龙
田世龙
管海军
Original Assignee
甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 filed Critical 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所
Priority to CN2009101626308A priority Critical patent/CN101990987B/en
Publication of CN101990987A publication Critical patent/CN101990987A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101990987B publication Critical patent/CN101990987B/en

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of industrial production of potato starch and provides a method for recycling potato residue and waste water in the production process of potato starch. The method mainly comprises the following steps of: respectively pulverizing crop straws and porous mineral substances used as a feedstuff additive into certain size of particles as filtering-assisted adsorbing materials through a physical method; and carrying out filtering treatment by stages by utilizing the two filtering-assisted adsorbing materials in a process of recycling potato residue and waste water organic matters generated when processing the potato starch. The recycled organic matters, such as small particle starch, protein, polysaccharide, and the like and the filtering-assisted adsorbing materials can be together used as feedstuff materials, and the purpose of purifying the waste water is also achieved; and the purified water can be used as washing water for potato processing directly or through precipitating.

Description

The recycling method of potato slag, waste water in a kind of potato starch production process

Technical field

The present invention relates to potato starch industrial production field, particularly, relate to the recycling method of potato slag, waste water in a kind of potato starch production process.

Background technology

The normal raw material such as potato, sweet (red) potato, cassava that adopt of potato starch processing will produce a large amount of wet potato slag and waste water in process of production, contain organic matters such as amounts of protein, polysaccharide in these accessory substances.The potato slag contains organic matters such as a large amount of pectin, protein, starch granule, the viscosity height, and retention ability is strong, squeezing and drying and dehydrating difficulty, COD (COD) value of deviating from water is also than higher.At present, wet potato slag main methods is to dry behind the direct press dewatering, but dewatering efficiency is low, and rate of drying is slow, the energy consumption height.The content of organic matter and COD value are too high in the waste water (generally not containing potato class rinse water), directly the exhaust emission environment.Though existing processing method can realize qualified discharge, equipment and operating cost height are difficult to drop into practical application, and also there is secondary pollution in some, has influenced the sustainable development of surrounding environment and potato starch processing industry.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is at above-mentioned defective of the prior art, the recycling method of potato slag, waste water in a kind of potato starch production process is provided, can reclaim the organic matter in potato slag and the waste water in a large number, equipment and operating cost are low, processing method is efficient, simple, quick, gained potato slag can be used as feedstuff, gained waste water non-secondary pollution, reusable edible.

The technical scheme that realizes above-mentioned purpose is as follows:

The recycling method of potato slag, waste water comprises the steps: in a kind of potato starch production process

(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2

Crop material is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;

The porous mineral matter that will can be used as feed addictive is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;

(2) with the mixture of the potato slag in the potato starch production process, waste water or potato slag and waste water, enter filter and filter, obtain filter residue and filtrate; The potato slag in the wherein said mixture and the weight ratio of waste water are 1: 0.1~5;

(3) help the filter of filter sorbing material 1 to filter by having added again the filtrate of gained, the thickness of feed layer that helps filter sorbing material 1 of adding is 20~80cm, produces filter residue and filtrate again;

(4) filter residue that step (2) and step (3) are obtained is made feedstuff by dry or fermentation;

(5) help the filter of filter sorbing material 2 to filter by having added again step (3) gained filtrate, the thickness of feed layer that helps filter sorbing material 2 of adding is 8~50cm, and this step gained filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing or enters water purification system.

Further, in the described step (2), in potato slag, waste water or potato slag and the waste water mixture after potato starch processing, 0.5~10% help filter sorbing material 1 or help filter sorbing material 2 that adds earlier its weight, mix the back and stir 10~30min, and then carry out the filter operation that enters filter described in the step (2).

Further, the crop material in the described step (1) is the stalk of corn, wheat, Radix Codonopsis or Radix Angelicae Sinensis.

Further, the porous mineral matter that can be used as feed addictive in the described step (1) is attapulgite or diatomite.

The porous mineral matter attapulgite, the diatomite that drying are not had crop material such as rotten corn, wheat, Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis and can be used as feed addictive are through certain shearing, rub, pulverize the back as helping the filter sorbing material.Help the filter sorbing material to add in 0.5~10% ratio in the wet potato slag of potato starch such as potato processing gained, after stirring, squeeze or drying and dehydrating.The wet potato pulp water of potato can be divided content to be reduced to 55~65%, spin cycle shortening 2~3h from 85~90%.

Drying do not had the certain shearing of crop materials processes such as rotten corn, wheat, Radix Codonopsis, Radix Angelicae Sinensis, rub, pulverize (material 1, size 1~30mm) and the porous mineral matter attapulgite, diatomite that will can be used as feed addictive handle through certain methods such as pulverizing that (material 2 obtains two kinds of filtering adsorbing materials after the size 0.1~5mm).Material 1 and material 2 are seated in compacting in the filter respectively, material 1 bed thickness 20~80cm, material 2 bed thickness 8~50cm.

After solid content 2.34%, COD 30, potato class processing waste waters such as the potato of 820mg/L filtered absorption through material 1, solid content reduced to 0.70%, COD 7,690mg/L; After filtering absorption through material 2, solid content reduces to 0.04%, COD 1,521mg/L.

Beneficial effect of the present invention is as follows:

(1) can reclaim organic matter in potato slag and the waste water in a large number by recycling method of the present invention, and equipment and operating cost are low, processing method is efficient, simple, fast.

(2) with crop material etc. as the raw material that help the filter sorbing material, cheap, help the filter sorbing material can directly be used as feedstuff simultaneously.

(3) use and to help the filter sorbing material and help filter sorbing material dewatering efficiency to improve greatly than using, the water content of filter cake reduces, is easy to fragmentation, and rate of drying significantly improves, and permeability is good during fermentation.

(4) filter residue of processing back gained can be used as feedstuff through methods such as super-dry or fermentations after filtration.

(5) after filtration in the processed waste water content of organic matter and COD value reduce gained filtrate reusable edible greatly.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the recycling flow diagram of potato slag, waste water in the potato starch production process of the present invention

The specific embodiment

Embodiment 1

As Fig. 1, the recycling method of potato slag, waste water comprises the steps: in the potato starch production process of the present invention

(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2

Maize straw is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;

Attapulgite is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;

(2) the wet potato slag after the potato starch processing is mixed (potato slag: waste water=1: 0.1 (w/w)) with waste water, by 0.5% of mixture weight add help filter sorbing material 1 to mix to stir 10min after, enter the continuous filtration of screw extrusion filter, obtain filter residue and filtrate.The filtrate of gained is helped the screw extrusion filter continuous filtration of filter sorbing material 1 again by adding, the thick 20cm of the material bed of material produces filter residue and filtrate again.More than two filter residues that obtain of step directly drying become feedstuff or interpolation bacterial classification through fermentation production of protein feedstuff; Gained filtrate is filtered sorbing material 2 filtrations by helping again, the thick 10cm of the material bed of material, and filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing, also can enter water purification system.

Embodiment 2

(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2

The Radix Codonopsis stalk is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;

Attapulgite is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;

(2) in the wet potato slag of potato starch processing, by 2% of wet potato slag weight add help filter sorbing material 2 to mix to stir 15min after, enter filter continuous filtration, obtain filter residue and filtrate.The filtrate of gained is helped the filter continuous filtration of filter sorbing material 1 again by adding, the thick 35cm of the material bed of material produces filter residue and filtrate again.More than two filter residues that obtain of step directly drying become feedstuff or interpolation bacterial classification through fermentation production of protein feedstuff; Gained filtrate is filtered sorbing material 2 filtrations by helping again, the thick 30cm of the material bed of material, and filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing, also can enter water purification system.

Embodiment 3

(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2

Wheat stalk is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;

Diatomite is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;

(2) in the potato starch processing waste water, by 8% of waste water weight add help filter sorbing material 1 to mix to stir 20min after, enter screw extrusion filter intermittent filtration, obtain filter residue and filtrate.The filtrate of gained is helped the screw extrusion filter intermittent filtration of filter sorbing material 1 again by adding, the thick 50cm of the material bed of material produces filter residue and filtrate again.More than two filter residues that obtain of step directly drying become feedstuff or interpolation bacterial classification through fermentation production of protein feedstuff; Gained filtrate is filtered sorbing material 2 filtrations by helping again, the thick 8cm of the material bed of material, and filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing, also can enter water purification system.

Embodiment 4

(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2

The Radix Angelicae Sinensis stalk is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;

Diatomite is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;

(2) the wet potato slag after the potato starch processing is mixed (potato slag: waste water=1: 5 (w/w)), enter screw extrusion filter intermittent filtration, obtain filter residue and filtrate with waste water.The filtrate of gained is helped the screw extrusion filter intermittent filtration of filter sorbing material 1 again by adding, the thick 60cm of the material bed of material produces filter residue and filtrate again.More than two filter residues that obtain of step directly drying become feedstuff or interpolation bacterial classification through fermentation production of protein feedstuff; Gained filtrate is filtered sorbing material 2 filtrations by helping again, the thick 50cm of the material bed of material, and filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing, also can enter water purification system.

Embodiment 5

(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2

Maize straw is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;

Attapulgite is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;

(2) in the wet potato slag of potato starch processing, enter filter continuous filtration, obtain filter residue and filtrate.The filtrate of gained is helped the filter continuous filtration of filter sorbing material 1 again by adding, the thick 80cm of the material bed of material produces filter residue and filtrate again.But more than the two filter residue direct fermentations that obtain of step be feed, but also drying becomes feedstuff; Gained filtrate is filtered sorbing material 2 filtrations by helping again, the thick 50cm of the material bed of material, and filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing, also can enter water purification system.

Embodiment 6

(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2

Wheat stalk is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;

Bentonite is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;

(2) in the potato starch processing waste water, enter the filter intermittent filtration, obtain filter residue and filtrate.The filtrate of gained is helped the filter continuous filtrations such as screw extrusion of filter sorbing material 1 again by adding, the thick 45cm of the material bed of material produces filter residue and filtrate again.More than two filter residues that obtain of step directly drying become feedstuff or interpolation bacterial classification through fermentation production of protein feedstuff; Gained filtrate is filtered sorbing material 2 filtrations by helping again, the thick 15cm of the material bed of material, and filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing, also can enter water purification system.

Claims (4)

1. the recycling method of potato slag, waste water in the potato starch production process is characterized in that, comprises the steps:
(1) helps the preparation of filtering sorbing material 1,2
Crop material is prepared into the particle that size is 1~30mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 1;
The porous mineral matter that will can be used as feed addictive is prepared into the particle that size is 0.1~5mm through the physical crushing method, as helping filter sorbing material 2;
(2) with the mixture of the potato slag in the potato starch production process, waste water or potato slag and waste water, enter filter and filter, obtain filter residue and filtrate; The potato slag in the wherein said mixture and the weight ratio of waste water are 1: 0.1~5;
(3) help the filter of filter sorbing material 1 to filter by having added again the filtrate of gained, the thickness of feed layer that helps filter sorbing material 1 of adding is 20~80cm, produces filter residue and filtrate again;
(4) filter residue that step (2) and step (3) are obtained is made feedstuff by dry or fermentation;
(5) help the filter of filter sorbing material 2 to filter by having added again step (3) gained filtrate, the thickness of feed layer that helps filter sorbing material 2 of adding is 8~50cm, and this step gained filtrate can be used as the water for cleaning of potato class processing or enters water purification system.
2. the recycling method of potato slag, waste water in a kind of potato starch production process according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, in the described step (2), in potato slag, waste water or potato slag and the waste water mixture after potato starch processing, 0.5~10% help filter sorbing material 1 or help filter sorbing material 2 that adds earlier its weight, mix the back and stir 10~30min, and then carry out the filter operation that enters filter described in the step (2).
3. the recycling method of potato slag, waste water is characterized in that in a kind of potato starch production process according to claim 1 and 2, and the crop material in the described step (1) is the stalk of corn, wheat, Radix Codonopsis or Radix Angelicae Sinensis.
4. the recycling method of potato slag, waste water is characterized in that in a kind of potato starch production process according to claim 1 and 2, and the porous mineral matter that can be used as feed addictive in the described step (1) is attapulgite or diatomite.
CN2009101626308A 2009-08-14 2009-08-14 Method for recycling potato residue and waste water in production process of potato starch CN101990987B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101626308A CN101990987B (en) 2009-08-14 2009-08-14 Method for recycling potato residue and waste water in production process of potato starch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101626308A CN101990987B (en) 2009-08-14 2009-08-14 Method for recycling potato residue and waste water in production process of potato starch

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101990987A true CN101990987A (en) 2011-03-30
CN101990987B CN101990987B (en) 2012-11-28

Family

ID=43782135

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2009101626308A CN101990987B (en) 2009-08-14 2009-08-14 Method for recycling potato residue and waste water in production process of potato starch

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN101990987B (en)

Cited By (13)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102318807A (en) * 2011-05-11 2012-01-18 邹光友 Processing method for clean production of sweet potato starch
CN102406058A (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-04-11 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 Method for preparing sweet potato residue feed
CN102429094A (en) * 2011-11-29 2012-05-02 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 Protein feed raw material and preparation method and application thereof
CN102531251A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 呼和浩特华欧淀粉制品有限公司 Wastewater treatment method for potato product processing
CN102641726A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-22 常州亚环环保科技有限公司 Sweet potato residue adsorbing material and preparation method thereof
CN102774936A (en) * 2012-05-10 2012-11-14 江南大学 Sewage enzyme extraction facility
CN103232122A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-07 合肥锦泰糖业有限公司 Treatment method of rice-washing waste water
CN103263805A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-08-28 常州和方环保科技有限公司 Wastewater treatment and recycling process of dust suppressant prepared from straw
CN104016505A (en) * 2013-02-28 2014-09-03 盛银河 Method for preparing products by using maize straw and fresh sweet potato yellow serofluid
CN104186941A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-10 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 Material and method for decreasing foams generated in potato cell sap recovery process
CN104310662A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-01-28 中节能绿碳环保有限公司 Solid-liquid separation method for methane fermentation liquor
CN104630309A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-20 广西轻工业科学技术研究院 Method for extracting small granule starch from manioc waste
CN106830394A (en) * 2017-02-26 2017-06-13 兰州大学 A kind of integrated conduct method of potato starch wastewater

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1172864C (en) * 2002-01-15 2004-10-27 田永元 Leftover processing process and apparatus for sweet potato after producing starch

Cited By (19)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102318807A (en) * 2011-05-11 2012-01-18 邹光友 Processing method for clean production of sweet potato starch
CN102318807B (en) * 2011-05-11 2015-12-02 邹光友 A kind of processing method of starch from sweet potato cleanly production
CN102429094A (en) * 2011-11-29 2012-05-02 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 Protein feed raw material and preparation method and application thereof
CN102406058A (en) * 2011-11-30 2012-04-11 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 Method for preparing sweet potato residue feed
CN102531251A (en) * 2012-01-18 2012-07-04 呼和浩特华欧淀粉制品有限公司 Wastewater treatment method for potato product processing
CN102641726A (en) * 2012-05-05 2012-08-22 常州亚环环保科技有限公司 Sweet potato residue adsorbing material and preparation method thereof
CN102774936A (en) * 2012-05-10 2012-11-14 江南大学 Sewage enzyme extraction facility
CN104016505B (en) * 2013-02-28 2016-02-10 盛银河 Maize straw and fresh sweet potatoes (sweet potato) yellow seriflux make the method for product
CN104016505A (en) * 2013-02-28 2014-09-03 盛银河 Method for preparing products by using maize straw and fresh sweet potato yellow serofluid
CN103232122B (en) * 2013-04-25 2015-04-01 合肥锦泰糖业有限公司 Treatment method of rice-washing waste water
CN103232122A (en) * 2013-04-25 2013-08-07 合肥锦泰糖业有限公司 Treatment method of rice-washing waste water
CN103263805A (en) * 2013-06-04 2013-08-28 常州和方环保科技有限公司 Wastewater treatment and recycling process of dust suppressant prepared from straw
CN104186941B (en) * 2014-08-27 2017-07-25 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 It is a kind of to reduce the material and method that foam is produced in potato cell liquid removal process
CN104186941A (en) * 2014-08-27 2014-12-10 甘肃省农业科学院农产品贮藏加工研究所 Material and method for decreasing foams generated in potato cell sap recovery process
CN104310662B (en) * 2014-11-12 2017-02-22 中节能绿碳环保有限公司 Solid-liquid separation method for methane fermentation liquor
CN104310662A (en) * 2014-11-12 2015-01-28 中节能绿碳环保有限公司 Solid-liquid separation method for methane fermentation liquor
CN104630309A (en) * 2015-01-30 2015-05-20 广西轻工业科学技术研究院 Method for extracting small granule starch from manioc waste
CN104630309B (en) * 2015-01-30 2018-01-09 广西轻工业科学技术研究院 The method that starch granule is extracted from manioc waste
CN106830394A (en) * 2017-02-26 2017-06-13 兰州大学 A kind of integrated conduct method of potato starch wastewater

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN101990987B (en) 2012-11-28

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN103464449A (en) Kitchen waste pretreatment device
CN103387622B (en) Method for extracting fucoidan and removing heavy metals from kelps
CN101486651B (en) Method for extracting chlorogenic acid from Eucommia leaves and use thereof
CN103172761B (en) Energy-saving and emission-reducing production method of high-quality sodium alginate
CN102690134B (en) Processing method and processing system for kitchen garbage resourcilization
CN102850093B (en) Method for preparing fertilizer by mineralized fermentation through rejecting heavy metal in kitchen waste and decomposing dioxin
CN103934251A (en) Human household garbage disposition and recycling method
CN102080104B (en) Comprehensive treatment method for preparing gas and fertilizer by utilizing kitchen waste
US7469846B2 (en) Wet-mechanical treatment of mixed waste
EP1757562A1 (en) Device and process for treating residues of biogas production, manure and sludge
CN101307332A (en) Innocent comprehensive approach method for human feces by biotechnology
CN101955388A (en) Urban garbage and sludge resource comprehensive utilization system
CN103074381A (en) Efficient resourceful treatment method through separation and anaerobic fermentation for kitchen waste
CN102320763B (en) Phosphogypsum purification and neutralization apparatus
CN204111556U (en) A kind of dewatering system for municipal sludge deep dehydration
CN106146687B (en) A kind of method of pectin in extraction citrus peel residue
CN1724142A (en) Process for preparing shell glycan composite adsorbent
CN102503595A (en) Reutilization treatment method of kitchen waste
CN102249498B (en) Biochemical treatment method for waste water from small and medium-sized starch factories
CN206318860U (en) A kind of chemical industry dirt spiral dewaterer
CN102503019B (en) Method for realizing biogas slurry reutilization by recycling biogas slurry
US7828979B2 (en) Method of converting animal wastes to energy and useful by-products
CN102873078A (en) Kitchen garbage disposal method
CN1528169A (en) Method for extracting rice protein from rice
CN103172244A (en) Recycling treatment method of water-submerged manure in breeding industry

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
EXPY Termination of patent right or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121128

Termination date: 20150814