CN101864708B - Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail - Google Patents

Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101864708B
CN101864708B CN2010102090875A CN201010209087A CN101864708B CN 101864708 B CN101864708 B CN 101864708B CN 2010102090875 A CN2010102090875 A CN 2010102090875A CN 201010209087 A CN201010209087 A CN 201010209087A CN 101864708 B CN101864708 B CN 101864708B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
rail
abrasive belt
abrasive band
transmission device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010102090875A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101864708A (en
Inventor
黄益禄
陈朝礼
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Chongqing Yunda Machinery & Electronics Manufacturing Co ltd
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Chongqing Yunda Machinery & Electronics Manufacturing Co ltd
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Priority to CN2010102090875A priority Critical patent/CN101864708B/en
Publication of CN101864708A publication Critical patent/CN101864708A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101864708B publication Critical patent/CN101864708B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention provides a grinding machine of an internal combustion abrasive belt of a small-sized steel rail, which is provided with a rack, a transmission device of an abrasive belt, walking contour wheels and an internal combustion engine or a high-speed motor, wherein the transmission device of the abrasive belt and the walking contour wheels are installed on the rack, and the internal combustion engine or the high-speed motor is installed on the transmission device of the abrasive belt. The rack is spanned on a steel rail by a front walking contour wheel and a back walking contour wheel. The transmission device of the abrasive belt comprises a driving wheel, a driven wheel, a tensioning wheel, a tensioning device and an abrasive belt; and the abrasive belt is tightly sleeved on the driving wheel, the driven wheel and the tensioning wheel which are in triangular distribution, and is tensioned by the tensioning device connected with the tensioning wheel. A grinding depth adjustment device adopts a screw adjustment structure and comprises an adjustment hand wheel, a screw, nuts, a fixed sleeve and a guidance key. The grinding machine of the abrasive belt has simple and compact structure, good miniaturization, light weight and high repair welding efficiency and is convenient for the works department of railways to finish the on-line welding and repair welding operation of steel rails within a shorter window time.

Description

Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail
Technical field
The invention belongs to track bond weld seam, rail surface soldering grinding technology, be specifically related to a kind of grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail of railway maintenance operation.
Background technology
The polishing of the online welding of railway track at present,, soldering all adopts wheel sander to polish.There is following problem in it:
Wheel sander appearance and size is big, and equipment is heavy, and grinding efficiency is low, is difficult to satisfy job requirements in the short time skylight.
In addition, traditional rail grinding machine adopts grinder buffing, and grinding is the rigidity contact, and contact area is little; Limited by emery wheel intensity, grinding depth of emery wheel can not be too big, can only come and go grinding successively, so grinding efficiency is not high.
Because traditional rail wheel sander is a polishing welding seams successively, all will adjust emery wheel behind every polishing one deck,
Therefore, must constantly adjust the emery wheel height in the bruting process, operator's labour intensity is big.
Summary of the invention
The technology of the present invention is intended to solve because of the online welding of railway track, soldering efficiently polishes, and to finish the online welding of rail, soldering operation in the time in short skylight, proposes a kind of small-sized, light, rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt efficiently.
The technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail, it has frame and rack-mounted abrasive band transmission device, the contour wheel and be installed in explosive motor or high-speed electric expreess locomotive on the transmission device of abrasive band of walking.Described frame rides on the rail by two walking contour wheels of front and back.The face of cylinder of walking contour wheel is supported on the rail, and the side of wheel hangs on the rail face.
The improvement of this structure is: described abrasive band transmission device is made of driving wheel, driven pulley, regulating wheel, tensioning apparatus and abrasive band; Described abrasive band tightly is enclosed within on driving wheel, driven pulley and the regulating wheel of distribution triangular in shape, carries out tensioning by the tensioning apparatus that is connected with regulating wheel.
The output shaft of described explosive motor is connected by the driving wheel of shaft coupling with the abrasive band transmission device.
The core wheel lines of the driving wheel of described abrasive band transmission device and the core wheel line of driven pulley and two walking contour wheels are angle to be arranged, and the abrasive band that is around in driven pulley and rail position contacting and two walk contour wheels and rail contact surface at grade.
Described grinding depth adjusting device adopts the screw rod adjustment structure, and it comprises adjusting handle, screw rod, nut, fixed cover and feather key; Described adjusting handle is connected with screw rod, and screw rod is contained on the fixed cover, but and relative fixed cover rotation.
Be with nut on the described screw rod, the lower end of nut connects a walking contour wheel, and wheel is moved up and down with nut; And nut cooperates with feather key on being contained in fixed cover by the gathering sill on the outer wall, and nut is only moved up and down.
This rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt operating principle is as follows:
Internal combustion engine drives the driving pulley rotation by shaft coupling, and the driving wheel drive is moved around the abrasive band on driving wheel, driven pulley and the regulating wheel.Sander rides on the rail by the wheel of following an example, and regulates governor motion, and the abrasive band is contacted with the rail surface just.Vertically move sander along rail, stick to abrasive material on the abrasive band and weld seam is exceeded rail surface portion material grind off, along weld seam sander is vertically moved at rail, the abrasive band to concordant with the rail surface, is finished polishing operation with the whole piece weld grinding.
Advantage of the present invention:
1, the miniaturization of rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt is in light weight, and processing ease is used in the smooth polishing of being convenient to after the online welding of railway department rail, the soldering.
2, belt grinder adopts explosive motor to be used as power, and is fit to the open-air no electric operation of railway department.
3, this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt replaces grinder buffing with the abrasive band, sander driving wheel and driven pulley circumferential surface are certain thickness rubber, the polishing contact position is flexible contact, contact surface is big, grinding speed is not limited by intensity, grinding speed height, so grinding efficiency height improve 4~10 times than grinder buffing efficient; Because of the rubber friction coefficient is big, be difficult for skidding.The abrasive band is a flexible material, the flexible compensating action in wearing and tearing back.
4, rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt abrasive band thin thickness, the abrasive band varied in thickness is very little during polishing, no longer adjusts after once adjusting the polishing height, alleviates operator's work and intensity.
5, the abrasive band transmission device is an integral body, and processing, installation, debugging are conveniently.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt;
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional drawing of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is the grinding depth adjusting device figure of this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt;
Fig. 4 is the abrasive band diagram of gears of this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt;
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional drawing of Fig. 4.
The specific embodiment
Elaborate below in conjunction with the structure of accompanying drawing to this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2: this grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail has frame 1 and is installed in abrasive band transmission device 3, grinding depth adjusting device 4, the first and second walking contour wheels 5,6 on the frame 1 and is installed in explosive motor 2 on the transmission device of abrasive band.Sander rides on the rail 7 by the walking contour wheel.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, wherein abrasive band transmission device 3 is made of driving wheel 14, driven pulley 18, regulating wheel 17, tensioning apparatus 16 and abrasive band 15.Abrasive band 15 tightly is enclosed within on driving wheel 14, driven pulley 18 and the regulating wheel 17 of distribution triangular in shape, carries out tensioning by the tensioning apparatus 16 that is connected with regulating wheel 17.The output shaft of explosive motor 2 is connected with the driving wheel 14 of abrasive band transmission device 3 by shaft coupling 13.
Again as seen in conjunction with Fig. 1, the core wheel line of the driving wheel 14 of abrasive band transmission device 3 and the core wheel line of driven pulley 18 and the first and second walking contour wheels 5 and 6 is angle and arranges, and described driven pulley 18 is positioned at and rail 7 position contacting, and the contact surface that is around in the contact surface of abrasive band on the driven pulley 18 and rail 7 and two walking contour wheels and rail at grade.
This rail belt grinder is used as power with explosive motor 2, drives driving wheel 14 by shaft coupling 13 and rotates.Abrasive band 15 on driving wheel 14, driven pulley 18, the regulating wheel 17, through tensioning apparatus 16 tensionings, the abrasive band is enclosed within on driving wheel, driven pulley and the regulating wheel tightly, when driving wheel rotates, abrasive band run-in synchronism.Be stained with abrasive material on the abrasive band, these abrasive materials form the cutting element of multitool, multiple-cutting-edge, and when the abrasive band ran up, the weld metal that contacts with abrasive material was cut.
Referring to Fig. 3, grinding depth guiding mechanism 4 adopts screw rod to regulate, and it comprises adjusting handle 8, screw rod 9, nut 10, fixed cover 12 and feather key 11.Adjusting handle 8 is connected with screw rod 9, and screw rod 9 is contained on the fixed cover 12, but and relative fixed cover 12 rotations.As can be seen from Figure 2, fixed cover 12 is fixed on the frame 1.Be with nut 10 on the screw rod 9, the lower end of nut 10 is connected with the first walking contour wheel 5, and walking contour wheel 5 can be moved up and down with nut 10.And nut 10 cooperates with feather key 11 on being contained in fixed cover 12 by the gathering sill on the outer wall, and 10 on nut is moved up and down.
When rotation adjusting handle 8, the just rotation of screw rod 9 that is attached thereto, the nut 10 that is enclosed within on the screw rod moves up and down, the feather key 11 that is contained on the fixed cover 12 moves up and down 10 on nut, being connected the walking of first on the nut 10 contour wheel 5 just moves up and down with nut, because of the first and second walking contour wheels 5,6 all ride on the rail, when first the walking contour wheel 5 when frame 1 moves, sander is around the second walking contour wheel 6 and the rotation of rail contact wire, the position on driven pulley (grinding wheel) 18 relative rail surfaces changes, thereby realizes the adjustment of grinding depth.Rotation adjusting handle 8, when making the surface, abrasive band concordant with the rail surface, the face of weld after the polishing will be concordant with the rail surface.
As seen in Figure 2, the first and second walking contour wheels 5,6 are supported on the rail 7, and the side of wheel keeps contacting with rail 7 surfaces, makes sander not fall rail, is convenient to the sanding operation at each position.Adjust adjusting device and make abrasive band and rail contact surface and two walk contour wheels and rail contact surface at grade, the surface after the polishing is consistent with the raw steel track surface.The grinding wheel outer ring is a rubber, because the elastic reaction of rubber, so belt sanding is the face contact, the grinding efficiency height, and the polishing surface quality is good, is fit to very much the polishing of the steel rail welding line and the resurfacing of rail.

Claims (2)

1. grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail, it has frame (1) and is installed in abrasive band transmission device (3), grinding depth adjusting device (4), the first and second walking contour wheels (5,6) on the frame (1) and is installed in explosive motor (2) on the abrasive band transmission device (3); Described frame (1) rides on the rail (7) by two walking contour wheels of front and back; The face of cylinder of the first and second walking contour wheels (5,6) is supported on the rail (7), and the side of wheel hangs on the rail side;
It is characterized in that: described abrasive band transmission device (3) is by driving wheel (14), driven pulley (18), regulating wheel (17), tensioning apparatus (16) and abrasive band (15) formation; Described abrasive band (15) tightly is enclosed within on driving wheel (14), driven pulley (18) and the regulating wheel (17) of distribution triangular in shape, carries out tensioning by the tensioning apparatus (16) that is connected with regulating wheel (17);
The output shaft of described explosive motor (2) is connected with the driving wheel (14) of abrasive band transmission device (3) by shaft coupling (13);
The core wheel lines of the driving wheel (14) of described abrasive band transmission device (3) and the core wheel line of driven pulley (18) and two walking contour wheels are angle to be arranged, and the abrasive band that is around in driven pulley (18) and rail (7) position contacting and two walk contour wheels and rail contact surface at grade;
Described grinding depth adjusting device (4) adopts the screw rod adjustment structure, and it comprises adjusting handle (8), screw rod (9), nut (10), fixed cover (12) and feather key (11); Described adjusting handle (8) is connected with screw rod (9), and screw rod (9) is contained on the fixed cover (12), and can rotate by relative fixed cover (12);
Be with nut (10) on the described screw rod (9), the lower end of nut (10) connects one of them walking contour wheel, and this walking contour wheel is moved up and down with nut (10); And nut (10) cooperates with feather key (11) on being contained in fixed cover (12) by the gathering sill on the outer wall, and nut (10) is only moved up and down.
2. grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the circumferential surface of driving wheel of described sander (14) and driven pulley (18) is a rubber, and the abrasive band is a flexible material.
CN2010102090875A 2010-06-24 2010-06-24 Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail Expired - Fee Related CN101864708B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010102090875A CN101864708B (en) 2010-06-24 2010-06-24 Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail

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CN101864708B true CN101864708B (en) 2011-12-28

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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ITVE20110025A1 (en) * 2011-04-26 2012-10-27 Fama S R L TANGENTIAL MILLING MACHINE.
RU2016136432A3 (en) * 2014-12-26 2018-03-15
CN106181696B (en) * 2016-09-07 2019-02-22 山东智沃轨道交通设备有限公司 Rechargeable rail corrugation belt grinder
CN106217185B (en) * 2016-09-07 2019-02-22 山东智沃轨道交通设备有限公司 Steel rail profile belt grinder
CN109577118B (en) * 2018-12-27 2020-11-17 陈科宇 Steel rail maintenance device and using method thereof
CN112792684A (en) * 2021-02-02 2021-05-14 上海樱花塑料制品有限公司 Trimming device for plastic barrel
CN113605160A (en) * 2021-07-08 2021-11-05 深圳技术大学 Track grinding machine

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2766217A1 (en) * 1997-07-16 1999-01-22 Levy Marcel L Grinding machine with abrasive band for reducing irregularities on railway tracks
CN2647909Y (en) * 2003-10-15 2004-10-13 王培增 Internal-combustion sander for copying steel rails
EP1918458A1 (en) * 2006-11-03 2008-05-07 Mevert Maschinenbau GmbH & Co.KG Apparatus for grinding profiles by means of a rotating grinding belt
CN101565922A (en) * 2009-05-27 2009-10-28 江苏华金铁路轨道科技有限公司 Movable automatic copying rail grinding machine
CN201695286U (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-01-05 重庆运达机电设备制造有限公司 Small-sized steel rail IC belt grinder

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR2766217A1 (en) * 1997-07-16 1999-01-22 Levy Marcel L Grinding machine with abrasive band for reducing irregularities on railway tracks
CN2647909Y (en) * 2003-10-15 2004-10-13 王培增 Internal-combustion sander for copying steel rails
EP1918458A1 (en) * 2006-11-03 2008-05-07 Mevert Maschinenbau GmbH & Co.KG Apparatus for grinding profiles by means of a rotating grinding belt
CN101565922A (en) * 2009-05-27 2009-10-28 江苏华金铁路轨道科技有限公司 Movable automatic copying rail grinding machine
CN201695286U (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-01-05 重庆运达机电设备制造有限公司 Small-sized steel rail IC belt grinder

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Granted publication date: 20111228

Termination date: 20130624