CN201695286U - Small-sized steel rail IC belt grinder - Google Patents

Small-sized steel rail IC belt grinder Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201695286U
CN201695286U CN2010202370373U CN201020237037U CN201695286U CN 201695286 U CN201695286 U CN 201695286U CN 2010202370373 U CN2010202370373 U CN 2010202370373U CN 201020237037 U CN201020237037 U CN 201020237037U CN 201695286 U CN201695286 U CN 201695286U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
rail
abrasive band
belt
nut
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Lifetime
Application number
CN2010202370373U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄益禄
陈朝礼
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Yunda Machinery & Electronics Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Chongqing Yunda Machinery & Electronics Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Yunda Machinery & Electronics Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Chongqing Yunda Machinery & Electronics Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN2010202370373U priority Critical patent/CN201695286U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN201695286U publication Critical patent/CN201695286U/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Lifetime legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model provides a small-sized steel rail IC (Internal Combustion) belt grinder, which comprises a machine frame, a belt driving device arranged on the machine frame, walking profile wheels, and an IC motor or a high-speed electric machine arranged on the belt driving device; the machine frame rides on the steel rail via the front and the rear two walking profile wheels; the belt driving device comprises a driving pulley, a trailing pulley, a stretching pulley, a stretching device and a belt; the driving pulley, the trailing pulley and the stretching pulley are in a triangle layout, and the belt is tightly sleeved on the triangle structure, and the stretching operation is performed by the stretching device connected with the stretching pulley. In addition, an adjusting device for grinding depth adopting a screw rod adjusting structure comprises an adjusting hand wheel, a screw rod, a screw nut, a fixing sleeve and a guiding piece. With simple and compact structure, small size and light weight, the belt grinder can help the works department in railways with the in-service welding of the steel rails and the welding repair operation within the shorter track window time, and ensure high welding repair efficiency.

Description

A kind of grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail
Technical field
The utility model belongs to track bond weld seam, rail surface soldering grinding technology, is specifically related to a kind of grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail of railway maintenance operation.
Background technology
The polishing of the online welding of railway track at present,, soldering all adopts wheel sander to polish.There is following problem in it:
Wheel sander appearance and size is big, and equipment is heavy, and grinding efficiency is low, is difficult to satisfy job requirements in the short time skylight.
In addition, traditional rail grinding machine adopts grinder buffing, and grinding is the rigidity contact, and contact area is little; Limited by emery wheel intensity, grinding depth of emery wheel can not be too big, can only come and go grinding successively, so grinding efficiency is not high.
Because traditional rail wheel sander is a polishing welding seams successively, all will adjust emery wheel behind every polishing one deck, therefore, must constantly adjust the emery wheel height in the bruting process, operator's labour intensity is big.
The utility model content
The utility model technology is intended to solve because of the online welding of railway track, soldering efficiently polishes, and to finish the online welding of rail, soldering operation in the time in short skylight, proposes a kind of small-sized, light, rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt efficiently.
The technical solution adopted in the utility model is as follows:
A kind of grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail, it has frame and rack-mounted abrasive band transmission device, the contour wheel and be installed in explosive motor or high-speed electric expreess locomotive on the transmission device of abrasive band of walking.Described frame rides on the rail by two walking contour wheels of front and back.The face of cylinder of walking contour wheel is supported on the rail, and the side of wheel hangs on the rail face.
The improvement of this structure is: described abrasive band transmission device is made of driving wheel, driven pulley, regulating wheel, tensioning apparatus and abrasive band; Described abrasive band tightly is enclosed within on driving wheel, driven pulley and the regulating wheel of distribution triangular in shape, carries out tensioning by the tensioning apparatus that is connected with regulating wheel.
The output shaft of described explosive motor is connected by the driving wheel of shaft coupling with the abrasive band transmission device.
The core wheel lines of the driving wheel of described abrasive band transmission device and the core wheel line of driven pulley and two walking contour wheels are angle to be arranged, and the abrasive band that is around in driven pulley and rail position contacting and two walk contour wheels and rail contact surface at grade.
Described grinding depth adjusting device adopts the screw rod adjustment structure, and it comprises adjusting handle, screw rod, nut, fixed cover and feather key; Described adjusting handle is connected with screw rod, and screw rod is contained on the fixed cover, but and relative fixed cover rotation.
Be with nut on the described screw rod, the lower end of nut connects a walking contour wheel, and wheel is moved up and down with nut; And nut cooperates with feather key on being contained in fixed cover by the gathering sill on the outer wall, and nut is only moved up and down.
This rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt operating principle is as follows:
Internal combustion engine drives the driving pulley rotation by shaft coupling, and the driving wheel drive is moved around the abrasive band on driving wheel, driven pulley and the regulating wheel.Sander rides on the rail by the wheel of following an example, and regulates governor motion, and the abrasive band is contacted with the rail surface just.Vertically move sander along rail, stick to abrasive material on the abrasive band and weld seam is exceeded rail surface portion material grind off, along weld seam sander is vertically moved at rail, the abrasive band to concordant with the rail surface, is finished polishing operation with the whole piece weld grinding.
Advantage of the present utility model:
1, the miniaturization of rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt is in light weight, and processing ease is used in the smooth polishing of being convenient to after the online welding of railway department rail, the soldering.
2, belt grinder adopts explosive motor to be used as power, and is fit to the open-air no electric operation of railway department.
3, this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt replaces grinder buffing with the abrasive band, sander driving wheel and driven pulley circumferential surface are certain thickness rubber, the polishing contact position is flexible contact, contact surface is big, grinding speed is not limited by intensity, grinding speed height, so grinding efficiency height improve 4~10 times than grinder buffing efficient; Because of the rubber friction coefficient is big, be difficult for skidding.The abrasive band is a flexible material, the flexible compensating action in wearing and tearing back.
4, rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt abrasive band thin thickness, the abrasive band varied in thickness is very little during polishing, no longer adjusts after once adjusting the polishing height, alleviates operator's work and intensity.
5, the abrasive band transmission device is an integral body, and processing, installation, debugging are conveniently.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt;
Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional drawing of Fig. 1
Fig. 3 is the grinding depth adjusting device figure of this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt;
Fig. 4 is the abrasive band diagram of gears of this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt;
Fig. 5 is the A-A sectional drawing of Fig. 4.
The specific embodiment
Elaborate below in conjunction with the structure of accompanying drawing to this rail grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt:
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2: this grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail has frame 1 and is installed in abrasive band transmission device 3, grinding depth adjusting device 4, the first and second walking contour wheels 5,6 on the frame 1 and is installed in explosive motor 2 on the transmission device of abrasive band.Sander rides on the rail 7 by the walking contour wheel.
Referring to Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, wherein abrasive band transmission device 3 is made of driving wheel 14, driven pulley 18, regulating wheel 17, tensioning apparatus 16 and abrasive band 15.Abrasive band 15 tightly is enclosed within on driving wheel 14, driven pulley 18 and the regulating wheel 17 of distribution triangular in shape, carries out tensioning by the tensioning apparatus 16 that is connected with regulating wheel 17.The output shaft of explosive motor 2 is connected with the driving wheel 14 of abrasive band transmission device 3 by shaft coupling 13.
Again as seen in conjunction with Fig. 1, the core wheel line of the driving wheel 14 of abrasive band transmission device 3 and the core wheel line of driven pulley 18 and the first and second walking contour wheels 5 and 6 is angle and arranges, and described driven pulley 18 is positioned at and rail 7 position contacting, and the contact surface that is around in the contact surface of abrasive band on the driven pulley 18 and rail 7 and two walking contour wheels and rail at grade.
This rail belt grinder is used as power with explosive motor 2, drives driving wheel 14 by shaft coupling 13 and rotates.Abrasive band 15 on driving wheel 14, driven pulley 18, the regulating wheel 17, through tensioning apparatus 16 tensionings, the abrasive band is enclosed within on driving wheel, driven pulley and the regulating wheel tightly, when driving wheel rotates, abrasive band run-in synchronism.Be stained with abrasive material on the abrasive band, these abrasive materials form the cutting element of multitool, multiple-cutting-edge, and when the abrasive band ran up, the weld metal that contacts with abrasive material was cut.
Referring to Fig. 3, grinding depth guiding mechanism 4 adopts screw rod to regulate, and it comprises adjusting handle 8, screw rod 9, nut 10, fixed cover 12 and feather key 11.Adjusting handle 8 is connected with screw rod 9, and screw rod 9 is contained on the fixed cover 12, but and relative fixed cover 12 rotations.As can be seen from Figure 2, fixed cover 12 is fixed on the frame 1.Be with nut 10 on the screw rod 9, the lower end of nut 10 is connected with the first walking contour wheel 5, and walking contour wheel 5 can be moved up and down with nut 10.And nut 10 cooperates with feather key 11 on being contained in fixed cover 12 by the gathering sill on the outer wall, and 10 on nut is moved up and down.
When rotation adjusting handle 8, the just rotation of screw rod 9 that is attached thereto, the nut 10 that is enclosed within on the screw rod moves up and down, the feather key 11 that is contained on the fixed cover 12 moves up and down 10 on nut, being connected the walking of first on the nut 10 contour wheel 5 just moves up and down with nut, because of the first and second walking contour wheels 5,6 all ride on the rail, when first the walking contour wheel 5 when frame 1 moves, sander is around the second walking contour wheel 6 and the rotation of rail contact wire, the position on driven pulley (grinding wheel) 18 relative rail surfaces changes, thereby realizes the adjustment of grinding depth.Rotation adjusting handle 8, when making the surface, abrasive band concordant with the rail surface, the face of weld after the polishing will be concordant with the rail surface.
As seen in Figure 2, the first and second walking contour wheels 5,6 are supported on the rail 7, and the side of wheel keeps contacting with rail 7 surfaces, makes sander not fall rail, is convenient to the sanding operation at each position.Adjust adjusting device and make abrasive band and rail contact surface and two walk contour wheels and rail contact surface at grade, the surface after the polishing is consistent with the raw steel track surface.The grinding wheel outer ring is a rubber, because the elastic reaction of rubber, so belt sanding is the face contact, the grinding efficiency height, and the polishing surface quality is good, is fit to very much the polishing of the steel rail welding line and the resurfacing of rail.

Claims (2)

1. grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail, it has frame (1) and is installed in abrasive band transmission device (3), the first and second walking contour wheels (5,6) on the frame (1) and is installed in explosive motor (2) on the abrasive band transmission device (3); Described frame (1) rides on the rail (7) by two walking contour wheels of front and back; The face of cylinder of walking contour wheel (5,6) is supported on the rail (7), and the side of wheel hangs on the rail energy side;
It is characterized in that: described abrasive band transmission device (3) is by driving wheel (14), driven pulley (18), regulating wheel (17), tensioning apparatus (16) and abrasive band (15) formation; Described abrasive band (15) tightly is enclosed within on driving wheel (14), driven pulley (18) and the regulating wheel (17) of distribution triangular in shape, carries out tensioning by the tensioning apparatus (16) that is connected with regulating wheel (17);
The output shaft of described explosive motor (2) is connected with the driving wheel (14) of abrasive band transmission device (3) by shaft coupling (13);
The core wheel lines of the driving wheel (14) of described abrasive band transmission device (3) and the core wheel line of driven pulley (18) and two walking contour wheels are angle to be arranged, and the abrasive band that is around in driven pulley (18) and rail (7) position contacting and two walk contour wheels and rail contact surface at grade;
Described grinding depth adjusting device (4) adopts the screw rod adjustment structure, and it comprises adjusting handle (8), screw rod (9), nut (10), fixed cover (12) and feather key (11); Described adjusting handle (8) is connected with screw rod (9), and screw rod (9) is contained on the fixed cover (12), but and relative fixed cover (12) rotate;
Be with nut (10) on the described screw rod (9), the lower end of nut (10) connects its wing centre section walking contour wheel, and the walking contour wheel is moved up and down with nut (10); And nut (10) cooperates with feather key (11) on being contained in fixed cover (12) by the gathering sill on the outer wall, and nut (10) is only moved up and down.
2. grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the circumferential surface of driving wheel of described sander (14) and driven pulley (18) is a rubber, and the abrasive band is a flexible material.
CN2010202370373U 2010-06-24 2010-06-24 Small-sized steel rail IC belt grinder Expired - Lifetime CN201695286U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202370373U CN201695286U (en) 2010-06-24 2010-06-24 Small-sized steel rail IC belt grinder

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010202370373U CN201695286U (en) 2010-06-24 2010-06-24 Small-sized steel rail IC belt grinder

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN201695286U true CN201695286U (en) 2011-01-05

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101864708A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-10-20 重庆运达机电设备制造有限公司 Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail
CN102535280A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-04 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 Hybrid rail grinding wagon
CN105568796A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-05-11 济南大学 Small-sized abrasive belt type steel rail derusting cleaning device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101864708A (en) * 2010-06-24 2010-10-20 重庆运达机电设备制造有限公司 Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail
CN101864708B (en) * 2010-06-24 2011-12-28 重庆运达机电设备制造有限公司 Grinding machine of internal combustion abrasive belt of small-sized steel rail
CN102535280A (en) * 2012-02-13 2012-07-04 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 Hybrid rail grinding wagon
CN102535280B (en) * 2012-02-13 2014-02-12 株洲时代电子技术有限公司 Hybrid rail grinding wagon
CN105568796A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-05-11 济南大学 Small-sized abrasive belt type steel rail derusting cleaning device
CN105568796B (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-03-15 济南大学 A kind of small-sized abrasive belt rail rust removal cleaning plant

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20110105

Effective date of abandoning: 20111228