CN101810081A - Method and equipment for harvesting devil's rush herb - Google Patents

Method and equipment for harvesting devil's rush herb Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101810081A
CN101810081A CN 201010152986 CN201010152986A CN101810081A CN 101810081 A CN101810081 A CN 101810081A CN 201010152986 CN201010152986 CN 201010152986 CN 201010152986 A CN201010152986 A CN 201010152986A CN 101810081 A CN101810081 A CN 101810081A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grass
devil
harvesting
rush herb
rush
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Pending
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CN 201010152986
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗海峰
汤楚宙
罗凤莲
吴明亮
谢方平
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Hunan Agricultural University
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Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Agricultural University filed Critical Hunan Agricultural University
Priority to CN 201010152986 priority Critical patent/CN101810081A/en
Publication of CN101810081A publication Critical patent/CN101810081A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a method and equipment for harvesting devil's rush herb. The method comprises the following steps: upwards lifting and tensioning the devil's rush herb scattered on the ground by using a grabbing device and a grass supporting device, cutting the tensioned devil's rush herb by using a chain-type unidirectional oblique tooth cutter, clamping the cut devil's rush herb through a grass supporting wheel, and conveying the devil's rush herb to a grass shifting wheel and then collecting the devil's rush herb in a grass collecting box to finish cutting and collecting the devil's rush herb. The equipment comprises two synchronous grass supporting wheel rollers; a telescopic grass shifting rod and the chain-type unidirectional oblique tooth cutter are placed in the grass supporting wheel roller; a heterodromous synchronous grass supporting wheel is in back of the cutter; the grass supporting wheel is the grass shifting wheel; the grass shifting wheel is connected with a conveyor belt; and the grass collecting box is positioned at the tail end of the conveyor belt. The equipment artificially harvests the devil's rush herb, and has the advantages of high efficiency, good reliability, convenient operation, low cost, and long service life.

Description

The method and apparatus that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb
Technical field
The present invention relates to herbal harvesting, especially relate to a kind of harvesting method and equipment that is used for carrying out the herbaceous plant Chinese alpine rush.
Background technology
Chinese alpine rush is administered dominant crop as papermaking quality raw materials and water and soil and is able to a large amount of utilizations, but because characteristics such as Chinese alpine rush fiber content height, elongated and good toughness, operation labor intensity is big when causing the hand harvest, and production efficiency is low.And mainly be cut into the master in domestic traditional cutting mode with reciprocating type and disc type, but the both has the limitation of self: reciprocating knife only is adapted to building of hard branch, herbaceous plant for softness is difficult to cut off, especially the long toughness of the fiber of Chinese alpine rush is fabulous, therefore the phenomenon that the blade slit twines grass in use occurs, blade cutting edge wearing and tearing etc. finally cause cutting operation to be difficult to carry out; The disc type cutter runs up owing to it, the smear metal performance does very well, but the Chinese alpine rush for good toughness is difficult to put to good use open, the air-flow that the high speed shaft of cutting disc and the cutterhead that runs up produce causes blade and cutter shaft to twine dead phenomenon easily, therefore be difficult to Chinese alpine rush is implemented normal cutting, therefore also do not have really to be fit to the special equipment of Chinese alpine rush harvesting up to now.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem solved by the invention is to provide a kind of method and apparatus that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb, to solve the shortcoming in the above-mentioned background technology.
Technical problem solved by the invention realizes by the following technical solutions:
A first aspect of the present invention proposes a kind of method that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb, comprise: utilize a kind of grabbing device and hold up Chinese alpine rush that careless device will hang down loosely ground upwards to mention and strain, utilize banding pattern saw cutter that the Chinese alpine rush of tension is cut off again, the Chinese alpine rush of cutting off is delivered to conveyer belt through group grass wheel and collects at last in the careless case of collection, finishing the function of the receipts grass of mowing.
In the method, earlier the Chinese alpine rush simulation of ground lodging is manually propped up and pulled tightly, the root system fixation of the clamping of use device and soil makes the stem stalk be in tensioned state, utilizes unique hand steered process of holding of apery, simulate artificial combing and mention effect, finish that ground stem stalk is promoted toward the top, and feeding holds up in the grass wheel gap and clamp, be equivalent to artificial hand and pick up and strain, good working order is provided for follow-up shearing, finally reach the dual-gripper shear effect, reduce shearing force, improve percent shear; Comprehensive more reciprocating type cutter and the various advantage of cutting disc, adopt the circulating single syncline serrated knife of chain structure to shear, high-speed cutting is carried out in the stem stalk bottom of having strained, overcome reciprocating blade and cutting disc drawback in the past simultaneously, also avoided twining the generation of grass when finally implementing the high-speed smooth cutting.
According to a further aspect of the invention, propose a kind of equipment that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb, mainly comprise: two preposition turn to incorgruous hold up grass wheel, flexible grass stick, chain type single syncline serrated knife synchronously, incorgruously hold up the grass wheel synchronously, dial careless wheel, conveyer belt and collection grass case.
All devices all are placed on the chassis, adopt hand-held to promote operation, gait of march can freely be controlled, and the careless wheel of holding up of two flexible moving teeth of band is arranged in the forefront of mower, holds up the grass wheel to be roller frame, two hold up the grass wheel by elastic tension mechanism for implementing Elastic Contact, hold up the place, bottom of below two cylinders of grass wheel contact wire to be provided with flexible moving tooth, the moving tooth working region is a semi-circumference, and moving tooth adopts the broach design, facewidth 1-2cm, the elastic caoutchouc material; Initiatively hold up the grass wheel to be placed in the driven back lower place of holding up the grass wheel, initiatively hold up the back lower place of grass wheel to settle chain-type band saw cutter again, implement the stem stalk of tensioning is cut,
Beneficial effect: the method harvesting devil's rush herb that method of the present invention adopts the apery worker to mow, the method uniqueness, the device structure novelty, labor intensity is low, the efficient height, good reliability, easy to operate, cost is low, and the machine long service life.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a Chinese alpine rush harvesting equipment schematic diagram of the present invention;
Embodiment
For technological means, creation characteristic that the present invention is realized, reach purpose and effect is easy to understand, below in conjunction with concrete diagram, further set forth the present invention.
Use this to be used for the Chinese alpine rush harvesting method, Chinese alpine rush with the ground lodging utilizes the clamping device simulation manual type of band retractility to prop up and pull tightly earlier, to such an extent as to the root system fixation of the clamping of use device and soil makes the stem stalk be in tensioned state, the careless wheel of holding up of the flexible moving tooth of band can adapt to lodging straw or like vegetable harvesting operation, the operation conformability is good, utilize unique hand steered process of holding of apery, simulate artificial combing and mention effect, finish ground stem stalk is promoted toward the top, and feeding holds up careless the wheel in the gap to clamp, being equivalent to artificial hand picks up and strains, good working order is provided for follow-up shearing, finally reach the dual-gripper shear effect, reduce shearing force, improve percent shear; Comprehensive more reciprocating type cutter and the various advantage of cutting disc, adopt the circulating single syncline serrated knife of chain structure to shear, high-speed cutting is carried out in the stem stalk bottom of having strained, adopt chain type single syncline serrated knife during cutting, can realize higher rotation speed cutting, cut laborsaving, cutting section is neat, reciprocating blade and cutting disc drawback have in the past been overcome simultaneously, final enforcement also avoided twining careless generation when high-speed smooth is cut, utilize the band grass catcher to finish then the crop of harvesting is collected timely, for follow-up packing operation provides good basis.
Referring to Fig. 1, Chinese alpine rush of the present invention harvesting equipment mainly comprises: mainly comprise: two preposition turn to incorgruous hold up grass wheel, flexible grass stick, chain type single syncline serrated knife synchronously, incorgruously hold up the grass wheel synchronously, dial careless wheel, conveyer belt and collection grass case, wherein mower handrail 1, the careless case 2 of collection, driven pulley 3, conveyer belt 4, cut Chinese alpine rush 5, land wheel 6, middlely dial grass wheel 7, initiatively hold up grass wheel 8, driven grass wheel 9, flexible grass stick 10, Chinese alpine rush 11, flexible grass wheel 12, chain type single syncline serrated knife 13, power and gearbox 14, drive pulley 15, the chassis 16 of dialling held up; Power and gearbox 14 can adopt diesel engine or gasoline engine be used as power the input transmit power to each moving component through the gearbox speed change again, relying on power output to drive chain type single syncline serrated knife 13 runs up, initiatively hold up grass wheel 8 by driving, initiatively hold up grass wheel 8 to drive the driven grass wheel 9 of holding up, and realize synchronous incorgruous rotation, and initiatively hold up grass wheel 8 by counterclockwise commentaries on classics, the driven grass wheel 9 of holding up is by clockwise commentaries on classics, initiatively holding up grass wheel 8 and the driven inside of grass wheel 9 of holding up that flexible grass stick 10 is installed, the movement locus of flexible grass stick 10 is parabola shaped, and flexible grass stick 10 stretches out initiatively holds up grass wheel 8, the driven position of grass wheel 9 of holding up is the below that takes over, and the regional angle of stretching out is 135 °.Employing elastic caoutchouc tooth bar result on the flexible grass stick 10 arranges, according to the even cloth of 2CM spacing, initiatively hold up the upper left centre of grass wheel 8 drives to dial careless wheel 7, drive conveyer belt drive 15 final driving conveyer belts 4 and the operation counterclockwise of driven pulley 3 dos by power take-off.Power take-off drives the chain type single syncline serrated knife 13 of the back lower place of initiatively holding up grass wheel 8, according to the opposite direction running of the incline direction of chain type single syncline serrated knife 13.All workpieces are installed on the chassis 16, and two groups of land wheels 6 of 16 belows, chassis support whole unit walking, and the line space of land wheel 6 is that the line-spacing of Chinese alpine rush plantation is as the criterion, and rely on handrail 1 to promote unit in walking in the ranks, carry out the single file harvesting.
During work, hang down loosely the Chinese alpine rush 11 on the face of land through initiatively holding up pullling and supporting role of flexible moving tooth bar 12 below the grass wheel 8, upwards promote and deliver to and initiatively hold up grass wheel 8 and driven grass wheel 9 contact positions of holding up, Chinese alpine rush 11 lodging backs driven hold up flexible grass stick 10 below the grass wheel 9 fiddle with clockwise and comb whole finish down rearward to push and promote finally to deliver to initiatively hold up grass wheel 8, the driven grass wheel 9 contact positions realization clamping elasticity that makes progress of holding up to pull.The Chinese alpine rush 11 that is in tensioned state after pullling is cut off under the unidirectional cutting of back lower place chain type single syncline serrated knife 13, cut Chinese alpine rush 5 and delivered to the careless wheel of dialling of back upper place 7 places through the clamping of initiatively holding up grass wheel 8, push on the rearmounted belt conveyor 4 through dialling grass wheel 7 again, by conveyer belt 4 Chinese alpine rush 5 of cutting off is delivered in the careless case 2 of collection, finished whole cutting, conveying, the collection process of Chinese alpine rush.
More than show and described basic principle of the present invention and principal character and advantage of the present invention.The technical staff of the industry should understand; the present invention is not restricted to the described embodiments; that describes in the foregoing description and the specification just illustrates principle of the present invention; without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention; the present invention also has various changes and modifications, and these changes and improvements all fall in the claimed scope of the invention.The claimed scope of the present invention is defined by appending claims and equivalent thereof.

Claims (13)

1. the method that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb, it is characterized in that: utilize a kind of grabbing device and hold up Chinese alpine rush that careless device will hang down loosely ground upwards to mention and strain, utilize chain-type saw cutter that the Chinese alpine rush of tension is cut off again, the Chinese alpine rush of cutting off is delivered to conveyer belt through group grass wheel and collects at last in the careless case of collection, and finishing mows send the careless function of receiving grass.
2. the method that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 1 is characterized in that: extracting and support are to carry out synchronously.
3. the method that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 2 is characterized in that: also comprise the clamping push function when described extracting and supporting role.
4. the method that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 1 is characterized in that: cut after helping and straining again.
5. the method that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described chain-type saw cutter adopts chain type single syncline serrated knife to cut.
6. the method that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described group of grass wheel is arranged on the back upper place that clamping is for the first time carried.
7. be used for the equipment of harvesting devil's rush herb, it is characterized in that: two preposition turns to the incorgruous grass wheel of holding up synchronously, holds up the built-in flexible grass stick of grass wheel, chain type single syncline serrated knife, and incorgruous to hold up grass wheel cylinder back synchronously be to dial the grass wheel, dials the grass wheel and connect conveyer belt, collects careless case.
8. the equipment that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the rubber layer parcel is adopted, turning to for counterclockwise, if the top cylinder is clockwise as if below cylinder during installation in described two incorgruous grass wheel cylinder top layers of holding up synchronously.
9. the equipment that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: the described built-in flexible grass stick working region of grass wheel cylinder of holding up is in the lower right of holding up grass wheel cylinder, the track that driving lever streaks is parabola or ellipse, single driving lever bar space width is 1-2cm, and grass stick is an elastic material.
10. the equipment that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: described chain type single syncline serrated knife is to install single syncline additional to blade on the chain, blade cutting edge is smooth cutting edge or sawtooth pattern cutting edge, and traffic direction is the opposite direction of inclination blade inclination mode.
11. the equipment that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the described group of careless wheel diameter is less than holding up grass wheel cylinder, and moving tooth adopts the caoutchouc elasticity tooth, the moving tooth radial and axial even cloth that distributes, and dialling that the grass wheel turns to is counterclockwise.
12. the equipment that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 7 is characterized in that: described conveyer belt, be the plane conveyer belt, the zone face width is slightly larger than dials grass wheel width, can be set to plane on the zone face or install the finger type additional.
13. the equipment that is used for harvesting devil's rush herb according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the careless case of described collection, height is a little less than the Pulley shaft line position, and width is slightly larger than the conveyer belt width.
CN 201010152986 2010-04-22 2010-04-22 Method and equipment for harvesting devil's rush herb Pending CN101810081A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010152986 CN101810081A (en) 2010-04-22 2010-04-22 Method and equipment for harvesting devil's rush herb

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201010152986 CN101810081A (en) 2010-04-22 2010-04-22 Method and equipment for harvesting devil's rush herb

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102972142A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-20 周胜军 Multifunctional lawn trimmer
CN103416384A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 吴江市黎里建兴铸件厂 Weeding machine
CN105557178A (en) * 2013-06-28 2016-05-11 朱保生 Mowing machine provided with grass pulling wheels
CN105612906A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-06-01 湖南工程学院 Interactive garden lawn mower
CN107333519A (en) * 2016-05-01 2017-11-10 双峰县湘源金穗收割机制造有限公司 A kind of full feeding harvester for being suitable to harvesting laid crop
CN110476595A (en) * 2019-09-17 2019-11-22 宁夏科乐农业装备有限公司 A kind of automatic evacuation weeder
CN112136480A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-12-29 杨达全 Automatic alfalfa harvester

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2371782Y (en) * 1999-03-20 2000-04-05 王世杰 Rice combine
CN200976748Y (en) * 2006-10-10 2007-11-21 肖立慧 Miniature combine harvester
CN200980258Y (en) * 2006-07-03 2007-11-28 华南农业大学 Single-side power-driven type holding and transmission device for stalk crop harvester
CN201048477Y (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-04-23 湖南省双峰县湘源皇视电子有限公司 Harvester mounting with lower sickle mechanism
JP2008136374A (en) * 2006-11-30 2008-06-19 Iseki & Co Ltd Harvester
US20090007533A1 (en) * 2006-03-02 2009-01-08 Lovett Benjamin M Sectionalized belt guide for draper belt in an agricultural harvesting machine
CN201718207U (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-01-26 湖南农业大学 Chinese alpine rush harvesting device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2371782Y (en) * 1999-03-20 2000-04-05 王世杰 Rice combine
US20090007533A1 (en) * 2006-03-02 2009-01-08 Lovett Benjamin M Sectionalized belt guide for draper belt in an agricultural harvesting machine
CN200980258Y (en) * 2006-07-03 2007-11-28 华南农业大学 Single-side power-driven type holding and transmission device for stalk crop harvester
CN200976748Y (en) * 2006-10-10 2007-11-21 肖立慧 Miniature combine harvester
JP2008136374A (en) * 2006-11-30 2008-06-19 Iseki & Co Ltd Harvester
CN201048477Y (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-04-23 湖南省双峰县湘源皇视电子有限公司 Harvester mounting with lower sickle mechanism
CN201718207U (en) * 2010-04-27 2011-01-26 湖南农业大学 Chinese alpine rush harvesting device

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102972142A (en) * 2012-11-26 2013-03-20 周胜军 Multifunctional lawn trimmer
CN105557178A (en) * 2013-06-28 2016-05-11 朱保生 Mowing machine provided with grass pulling wheels
CN105557182A (en) * 2013-06-28 2016-05-11 朱保生 Mowing machine provided with grass pulling wheels
CN103416384A (en) * 2013-07-24 2013-12-04 吴江市黎里建兴铸件厂 Weeding machine
CN105612906A (en) * 2016-01-27 2016-06-01 湖南工程学院 Interactive garden lawn mower
CN107333519A (en) * 2016-05-01 2017-11-10 双峰县湘源金穗收割机制造有限公司 A kind of full feeding harvester for being suitable to harvesting laid crop
CN110476595A (en) * 2019-09-17 2019-11-22 宁夏科乐农业装备有限公司 A kind of automatic evacuation weeder
CN112136480A (en) * 2019-10-29 2020-12-29 杨达全 Automatic alfalfa harvester

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Open date: 20100825