CN2472477Y - Multifunctional straw return-back field machine - Google Patents

Multifunctional straw return-back field machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN2472477Y
CN2472477Y CN 01220642 CN01220642U CN2472477Y CN 2472477 Y CN2472477 Y CN 2472477Y CN 01220642 CN01220642 CN 01220642 CN 01220642 U CN01220642 U CN 01220642U CN 2472477 Y CN2472477 Y CN 2472477Y
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
axle
ploughshare
roll shaft
shaft
frame
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 01220642
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕书青
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吕书青
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Priority to CN 01220642 priority Critical patent/CN2472477Y/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN2472477Y publication Critical patent/CN2472477Y/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a multifunctional straw land returning machine, comprising a frame, a tripod arranged in front of the machine, a lead roller which is sheathed on the shaft, a ploughshare with a helix ploughshare, a conveying component consisting of a front and a rear roll pack and a gathering basin, a cutting component consisting of a cutting tool shaft, a helix blade and an aligning tool and a drive component consisting of a belt, a gear and a chain. The lead roller and the tripod press the straw smoothly, the ploughshare eliminates the stubble and loosens the soil, and the conveying component delivers the straw to the cutting component to be cut. The machine has a reasonable structure, high working efficiency and low energy consumption.

Description

The multifunction straw field-returning machine
The utility model relates to a kind of multifunction straw field-returning machine, can carry out mincing and returning to the field to the multiple kinds of crops stalk, belongs to the agricultural machinery class.
At present, mostly the straw cutting apparatus of use is with agricultural crop straw along the ground level sliding trackle chopping and returning, the root of crops still stays in the ground, gives to cultivate in following season and makes troubles, and in addition, some stalk once can not be pulverized fully, need carry out repeatedly, not only time-consuming, also roll and tied the soil.
The purpose of this utility model is the problem that exists at the said goods and proposed a kind ofly to collect stubble-cleaning, loosen the soil, shred the multifunction straw field-returning machine into one, this straw cutting apparatus lower front has the ploughshare axle of a band spirality ploughshare, loosen the soil when stalk can be grubbed out out, flow to cut-off parts by pair roller then and carry out disposable cut-out fully, pair roller is missed the earth crushing of stalk root in carrying the stalk process.
The purpose of this utility model is realized by following measures: the utility model is made up of loosen the soil part, running part, transport portion and cut-off parts of frame, leader, stubble-cleaning, wherein, leader is positioned on the ground in this machine the place ahead, include leading axle, guide reel and tripod, the leading axle two ends are fixed on holding on the bar of being connected with frame, the guide reel sky is enclosed within on the leading axle, the tripod rear end is connected on the frame, two tripod front portions are outer splayed, the stalk of laying across can be made in order in advancing.Stubble-cleaning loosens the soil and partly is positioned at the guide reel back lower place, includes ploughshare axle, ploughshare, plate washer and dead knife, and ploughshare axle two ends are by the ploughshare bearing supporting that is positioned on the frame, ploughshare is 2-4 spiralitys, symmetry is fixed on the ploughshare axle, and to reduce working resistance, plate washer is positioned at section the place ahead, ploughshare axle two ends, be fixedly connected on the frame, in case weeds are twined this two ends section, dead knife is positioned at the ploughshare axle back lower place, and blade upwards, when weeds or soft stalk winding ploughshare, in time it is cut off.Cut-off parts is positioned at this machine rear portion, includes cutter shaft, blade and tool setting, and cutter shaft is bearing in the cutter shaft bearing on the frame, fixedly mounts 1-3 group helical blade on cutter shaft, and every group is that 2-4 symmetries are installed, to satisfy different shearing lengths.Corresponding between every two adjacent groups blade and cutter, first group is opposite with second group or the 3rd group of rotation direction, constitutes splayed, make stalk inwardly extruding draw close.Tool setting is contained in the cutter shaft front lower place, and blade upwards.Transport portion is between ploughshare axle and cut-off parts, before including up and down to roll shaft and pair roller, after up and down to roll shaft and pair roller and collecting disc, pair roller with roll shaft is one, pair roller is many prismatics, preceding going up is provided with elastic device to top, roll shaft two ends, to adapt to the stalk of carrying different thicknesses.Collecting disc is dustpan-shaped, is fixed between the two groups of pair rollers in front and back, and big mouthful forward.Running part comprises gearbox, belt, gear train and chain group, gearbox is positioned on the frame of leader back upper place, the input I axle input power of gearbox, the belt pulley of output II axle left end passes through belt, back belt wheel drives cutter shaft and rotates, engagement drives the back and down roll shaft is rotated to the roll shaft left gear down to back on the roll shaft down for knife shaft gear on the cutter shaft left side section and back, the back is down gone up to the roll shaft right gear engagement to back on the right section of roll shaft and is driven the back and go up roll shaft is rotated back down roll shaft right gear and back being gone up on the right section of roll shaft, is positioned on the back, last lower sprocket and precedingly up and down roll shaft is rotated before down outer the last lower sprocket of roll shaft right-hand member frame being driven by last lower chain.Simultaneously, the right sprocket wheel of the III axle of the output III axle right-hand member of gearbox rotates by right sprocket wheel of ploughshare axle and the ploughshare axle that perpendicular chain drives the ploughshare axle right-hand member that is positioned at its below.
The utility model is rational in infrastructure, and is easy to use, can realize that disposable stubble-cleaning loosens the soil, pulverizes thoroughly, is a kind of high efficiency, the desirable multifunction straw field-returning machine that energy consumption is little.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail:
Fig. 1 is the utility model front view.
Fig. 2 is the utility model left view.
Fig. 3 is the utility model vertical view.
Fig. 4 is the utility model right view.
Fig. 5 is the A-A zoomed-in view of the utility model Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is the e-e view of the utility model Fig. 5.
Fig. 7 is the B-B zoomed-in view of the utility model Fig. 3.
Fig. 8 is the left view of the utility model Fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is the C-C zoomed-in view of the utility model Fig. 3.
Figure 10 is the f-f view of the utility model Fig. 9.
Figure 11 is the D-D zoomed-in view of the utility model Fig. 3.
Figure 12 is the g-g view of the utility model Figure 11.
Figure 13 is a fundamental diagram of the present utility model.
Know by Fig. 1-12, present embodiment is made up of loosen the soil part, running part, transport portion and cut-off parts of frame (1), leader, stubble-cleaning, wherein, leader is positioned on the ground in this machine the place ahead, include leading axle (2), guide reel (3) and tripod (4), leading axle (2) two ends are fixed on holding on the bar (5) of being connected with frame (1), guide reel (3) sky is enclosed within on the leading axle (2), tripod (4) rear end is connected on the frame (1), and two tripods (4) front portion is outer splayed.Stubble-cleaning loosens the soil and partly is positioned at guide reel (3) back lower place, include ploughshare axle (6), ploughshare (7), plate washer (8) and dead knife (9), ploughshare axle two ends are by ploughshare bearing (10) supporting that is positioned on the frame (1), ploughshare (7) is 4 spiralitys, symmetry is fixed on the ploughshare axle, and plate washer (8) is positioned at section the place ahead, ploughshare axle two ends, is fixedly connected on the frame, dead knife (9) is positioned at the ploughshare axle back lower place, and blade upwards.Cut-off parts is positioned at this machine rear portion, comprise cutter shaft (11), blade (12) and tool setting (13), cutter shaft is bearing in the cutter shaft bearing (14) on the frame (1), fixed installation two groups of helical blade (12) on the cutter shaft, every group is that 2 symmetries are installed, corresponding between blade and cutter between two groups, and rotation direction is opposite, constitutes splayed.Tool setting (13) is contained in the cutter shaft front lower place, and blade upwards.Transport portion is positioned between ploughshare axle (6) and the cut-off parts, before including up and down to roll shaft (15) (16), preceding up and down pair roller (17) (18), after up and down to roll shaft (19) (20), back pair roller (21) (22) and collecting disc (23) up and down, pair roller with roll shaft is one, pair roller is eight prismatics, and preceding going up is provided with spring assembly (24) to top, roll shaft two ends.Collecting disc (23) is dustpan-shaped, is fixed between the two groups of pair rollers in front and back, and big mouthful of collecting disc forward.Running part comprises gearbox (25), belt (26), gear train and chain group, gearbox (25) is positioned on the frame (1) of leader back upper place, input I axle (27) the input power of gearbox, the belt pulley (29) of output II axle (28) left end is by belt (26), back belt wheel (30) drives cutter shaft (11) and rotates, engagement drives the back and down roll shaft is rotated to roll shaft left gear (32) down to back on the roll shaft (20) down for knife shaft gear (31) on the cutter shaft left side section and back, the back is down gone up to roll shaft right gear (34) engagement to back on the right section of roll shaft and is driven the back and go up roll shaft is rotated back down roll shaft right gear (33) and back being gone up on the right section of roll shaft, is positioned on the back, down on outer back of roll shaft right-hand member frame, lower sprocket (35), (36) by last, lower chain (37), (38) on before the drive, lower sprocket (39), (40) and on preceding, down roll shaft (15) (16) is rotated.Simultaneously, the right sprocket wheel of the III axle of output III axle (41) right-hand member of gearbox (42) rotates by right sprocket wheel (44) of ploughshare axle and the ploughshare axle (6) that perpendicular chain (43) drives the ploughshare axle right-hand member that is positioned at its below.
Figure 13 illustrates that the utility model operation principle is: guide reel (3) and tripod (4) overwhelm stalk to be made in order, ploughshare (7) digs out root, flows to cut-off parts (12) (13) by pair roller (21) (22) about collecting disc (23) and the back after preceding pair roller (17) (18) is up and down missed the crushing of stalk root earth and cuts off also field.

Claims (2)

1, a kind of multifunction straw field-returning machine, by frame, leader, the stubble-cleaning part of loosening the soil, running part, transport portion and cut-off parts are formed, wherein, leader is positioned on the ground in this machine the place ahead, include leading axle, sky is enclosed within guide reel and the tripod on the leading axle, the leading axle two ends are fixed on holding on the bar of being connected with frame, stubble-cleaning loosens the soil and partly is positioned at the guide reel back lower place, include the ploughshare axle, ploughshare and plate washer, cut-off parts is positioned at this machine rear portion, include cutter shaft, blade and tool setting, running part comprises gearbox, belt, gear train and chain group, gearbox is positioned on the frame of leader back upper place, the belt pulley of gearbox output II axle left end passes through belt, the cutter shaft that back belt wheel drives cut-off parts rotates, engagement drives under the back roll shaft is rotated to the roll shaft left gear down to back on the roll shaft down for knife shaft gear on the cutter shaft left side section and transport portion back, the back is down gone up to the roll shaft right gear engagement to back on the right section of roll shaft and is driven the back and go up roll shaft is rotated back down roll shaft right gear and back being gone up on the right section of roll shaft, on the back, down to outer back of roll shaft right-hand member frame go up go up before lower sprocket drives by last lower chain lower sprocket and before up and down pair roller rotate, simultaneously, the right sprocket wheel of the III axle of the output III axle right-hand member of gearbox rotates by right sprocket wheel of ploughshare axle and the ploughshare axle that perpendicular chain drives on the ploughshare axle that is positioned at its below, it is characterized in that:
A, tripod (4) rear end are connected on the frame (1), and two tripods (4) front portion is outer splayed,
B, ploughshare (7) are 2-4 spiralitys, and symmetry is fixed on the ploughshare axle (6), in ploughshare axle (6) back lower place dead knife (9) are housed, and its blade makes progress, and a plate washer (8) is respectively adorned in section the place ahead, ploughshare axle (6) two ends, and plate washer (8) is fixedly connected on the frame,
C, transport portion are positioned between ploughshare axle (6) and the cut-off parts, by before many prismatics up and down behind pair roller (17) (18), the many prismatics up and down pair roller (21) (22) and be fixed in before and after collecting discs (23) in the middle of two groups of pair rollers form, on preceding, top, roll shaft (15) two ends is provided with elastic device (24)
D, cut-off parts are to go up fixed installation 1-3 group helical blade (12) at cutter shaft (11), every group is that 2-4 symmetries are installed, corresponding between two adjacent groups blade and cutter, first group opposite with second group or the 3rd group of rotation direction, constitute splayed, in cutter shaft (11) front lower place tool setting (13) is housed, its blade upwards.
2, multifunction straw field-returning machine according to claim 1 is characterized in that ploughshare (7) is 4, and preceding pair roller (17) (18) up and down, back pair roller (21) (22) up and down are eight prismatics, collecting disc (23) is dustpan-shaped, big mouthful forward, and blade (12) is two groups, and every group is 2.
CN 01220642 2001-03-26 2001-03-26 Multifunctional straw return-back field machine Expired - Fee Related CN2472477Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01220642 CN2472477Y (en) 2001-03-26 2001-03-26 Multifunctional straw return-back field machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 01220642 CN2472477Y (en) 2001-03-26 2001-03-26 Multifunctional straw return-back field machine

Publications (1)

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CN2472477Y true CN2472477Y (en) 2002-01-23

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 01220642 Expired - Fee Related CN2472477Y (en) 2001-03-26 2001-03-26 Multifunctional straw return-back field machine

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN2472477Y (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102612931A (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-08-01 山东理工大学 Stalk cutting, guiding and returning device
CN107852962A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-30 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device for being easy to input and output material

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102612931A (en) * 2012-04-13 2012-08-01 山东理工大学 Stalk cutting, guiding and returning device
CN107852962A (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-03-30 安徽机电职业技术学院 A kind of corn stalk powder crushing device for being easy to input and output material

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
C19 Lapse of patent right due to non-payment of the annual fee