CN101637298A - Method for preparing tobacco sheet and application thereof - Google Patents

Method for preparing tobacco sheet and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101637298A
CN101637298A CN200910041956A CN200910041956A CN101637298A CN 101637298 A CN101637298 A CN 101637298A CN 200910041956 A CN200910041956 A CN 200910041956A CN 200910041956 A CN200910041956 A CN 200910041956A CN 101637298 A CN101637298 A CN 101637298A
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offal
tobacco
concentrate
described
sheets
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CN200910041956A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101637298B (en
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吴亦集
陶红
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广东中烟工业有限责任公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a method for preparing tobacco sheets and an application of the method. In the method, enzymolysis is implemented when the tobacco stalk and the tobacco powder are soaked, solid-liquid separation is implemented after extraction, the solids are made into fiber sheet substrates, liquid is made into concentrated solution by alcohol precipitation and concentration, the concentrated solution is made into coating liquid by maillard reaction and coated on the fiber sheet substrates, and the fiber sheet substrates are dried and cut into tobacco sheets. In the invention, the macromolecular compounds that influence the quality of the tobacco sheets are sufficiently degraded by enzymolysis, the content of the impure taste in the tobacco sheets is decreased, the internal quality of the tobacco sheets is improved, and better aroma is obtained by the technical solution that produces prospective aroma by the maillard reaction to provide a rich aroma for the tobacco sheets so as to obtain tobacco sheet products fitting different types of cigarette products and having better internal quality. The tobacco sheets prepared by the method have excellent compatibility and harmonywith the conventional raw materials of the cigarettes, and have the advantages of good cigarette taste, various and rich aromas and less impure taste.

Description

A kind of preparation method of reconstituted tobacoo and application thereof

Technical field

The invention belongs to the reconstituted tobacoo technical field, be specifically related to a kind of preparation method and application thereof of reconstituted tobacoo.

Background technology

The cigarette industry reconstituted tobacco sheet is the waste material that will produce in the cigarette process, discarded offal, tobacco leaf and bad hypo-tobacco leaf, handle through different processing, cause again and have the recombination tobacco leaf that high economic value added and special usability use for cigarette, this technology is a new and high technology with environmental protection notion and great society and economy benefit, fill up the blank of cigarette industry waste material reutilization technology, changed the present situation of production of cigarettes " full tobacco leaf, full offal ".

At present, the main method of producing reconstituted tobacoo both at home and abroad has three kinds: roll-in method, thick slurry method and paper process, wherein tobacco sheets by paper making method have tobacco component adjustable, have good burning performance, characteristics such as releasing content of coke tar is low, product density is little, fillibility is good, in the cigarette design, can adjust cigarette composition, no matter at self fragrance, reduce tar content and improve aspects such as cigarette product physical mechanical, can both be fit to processing request, play the important function of improving the cigarette quality, thereby be production of cigarettes producer and consumer's favor.

The foreign tobacco industry uses tobacco sheets by paper making method comparatively extensive, and the production technology of tobacco sheets by paper making method is also very ripe, and in recent years, domestic tobacco enterprise is actively developed production, the application study work of papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos, and has obtained certain progress.

Chinese patent CN 1274548A disclosed " a kind of method of utilizing cigarette factory waste material to produce reconstituted tobacoo " and CN 1324586A disclosed " method that the discarded and low inferior tobacco material of full price utilization is produced reconstituted tobacoo ", provide a kind of with in offal and the offal through the extraction, after the Separation of Solid and Liquid, solid portion is made paper substrate after slurrying, the liquid part then concentrates the back and returns the tobacco sheets by paper making method preparation technology who is coated onto on the paper substrate, this preparation technology is a raw-material physics regrouping process, macromolecular compound in the extract after concentrating transforms in preparation process hardly, thereby cause reconstituted tobacoo to have jealous inferior quality, assorted gas heavily waits inhales the flavor defective, has influenced result of use and the addition of thin slice in cigarette product.

Chinese patent CN 1600183A " a kind of preparation technology of tobacco sheets by paper making method ", microorganism formulation adopts enzyme preparation or/and to the reaction of tabacco water dissolubility thing concentrate biodegrade, will or be sprayed on the reconstituted tobacoo sheet base through the tabacco water dissolubility thing concentrate dip-coating of degradation reaction.This method is only degraded to the macromolecular substances in the concentrate after the extraction, and still retain a large amount of fibers in the sheet base, unfavorable compositions such as albumen, pectin, starch.Chinese patent CN1947606A " a kind of additives for modifying reproduced tobacco leaves and preparation thereof and using method " carries out biology enzyme to offal to be handled, make macromolecular substances such as pectin, protein, degraded, conversion, described patented technology is not further studied the improvement of cigarette flavor, the contained aroma component of offal has the contribution effect to the fragrance of reconstituted tobacoo, but described method does not provide the processing scheme to offal yet, and it is burnt and improve mouthfeel and odor type proposes further solution also the offal enzyme to be handled falling of back reconstituted tobacoo or cigarette.

Current, preparing with paper process in the production technology of reconstituted tobacoo, how to reduce papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos assorted gas content, optimize mouthfeel, enrichment cigarette perfume (or spice) is that numerous tobacco manufacturing enterprise urgently wishes the technical barrier that solves.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is at the deficiencies in the prior art, provide a kind of and can fundamentally improve reconstituted tobacoo interior quality and functional use value, reduce the assorted gas content of reconstituted tobacoo, optimize mouthfeel, enrichment cigarette perfume (or spice), and the preparation method of the reconstituted tobacoo of multiple fragrance type can be provided.

Another object of the present invention is to provide by the application of method for preparing gained reconstituted tobacoo in production of cigarettes.

Above-mentioned purpose of the present invention is achieved by following scheme:

The invention provides a kind of preparation method of reconstituted tobacoo, this method adopts existing traditional paper process, with tobacco (as offal, the offal etc.) extraction that is soaked in water, through squeeze and filter, after the Separation of Solid and Liquid, solid is made sheets of fibres sheet base, liquid concentration is made coating fluid, and coating fluid is applied on the sheets of fibres sheet base, and the section of oven dry back prepares reconstituted tobacoo, but be that with existing traditional paper process difference preparation method of the present invention also comprises following two steps operation:

(1) enzyme is joined in the tobacco soak, tobacco is carried out enzyme handle;

(2) with after the liquid concentration, in concentrate, add reduced sugar and amino acid earlier, make concentrate generation Maillard reaction, prepare coating fluid, again this coating fluid is applied to sheets of fibres sheet base.

Above-mentioned employing enzyme is handled tobacco, mainly be the consumption of selecting suitable enzyme and definite enzyme suitable, by enzymolysis the macromolecular compound in the tobacco transformed as much as possible and be degraded to micromolecular compound, can reduce the assorted gas content of reconstituted tobacoo, thereby improve the interior quality of reconstituted tobacoo; Described complex enzyme can be selected a kind of or two or more arbitrarily in compound protease, compound pectinase, neutral cellulase, zytase or the carbohydrase; Described compound protease, compound pectinase, neutral cellulase, zytase or carbohydrase all have sale of finished goods, can buy from market to obtain.

Maillard reaction is a kind of carbonyl-amino reaction, this reaction can cause the change of material color and luster, produce fragrance simultaneously, but prior art is not seen the technology report that utilizes Maillard reaction to improve tobacco aroma or obtain the different flavor reconstituted tobacoo by change Maillard reaction condition, the present invention introduces Maillard reaction among the tobacco sheets by paper making method preparation technology, utilizes the fragrance that enzyme is handled and Maillard reaction is produced to give reconstituted tobacoo strong fragrance.And sum up suitable and accurate Maillard reaction condition by long-term a large amount of experimental study, obtain more excellent product quality; By determining that adding different reaction material (different reduced sugars and amino acid) in concentrate carries out the technical scheme that Maillard reaction produces expection fragrance, adapts to the requirement of different-style cigarette product.

Among the above-mentioned preparation method, the mixture of preferred offal of tobacco and offal is by the be improved good result of qualities such as reconstituted tobacoo fibre plate base and fragrance of the different processing scheme of offal and offal collocation.

The main component that comprises in the tobacco that the present invention adopts is offal and offal, offal mainly contains fibrous matter and pectin, sugar, starch and a small amount of aroma component, contain a large amount of aroma components and fibrous matter in the offal, in present tobacco production plant, because offal and offal go out of use need not, so cause that fibrous matter, aroma component etc. can not be fully utilized in the tobacco leaf; Simultaneously, because offal and offal institute fibrous substance, aroma component are different, so the present invention separately handles two kinds of materials, determines different processing schemes, pointedly the utility in two kinds of materials is fully extract, and search out the blend proportion of the two comparative optimization.

Preparation method of the present invention specifically comprises the steps:

(1) with being soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling, obtains the offal soak, in this offal soak, add enzyme, extract after the enzymolysis processing;

Offal is soaked in water, obtains the offal soak, in this offal soak, add enzyme, extract after the enzymolysis processing;

(2) step (1) extract is carried out successively squeeze and filter, Separation of Solid and Liquid processing respectively;

(3) step (2) offal is handled separating obtained solid, offal is handled separating obtained solid and is scattered in respectively in the water, fibre is separated in making beating, separates to remerge behind the fibre and joins slurry, fiber brooming gets baccy fiber, makes sheets of fibres sheet base after baccy fiber dehydrates;

The separating obtained liquid of combining step (2), concentrate concentrate, in concentrate, add reduced sugar and amino acid, make concentrate carry out Maillard reaction, prepare coating fluid;

(4) step (3) preparation gained coating fluid is applied on the sheets of fibres sheet base, obtains reconstituted tobacoo after the drying.

Among the above-mentioned preparation method, the polishing of described offal peeling is soaked in water, offal is soaked in water, extraction, squeeze and filter extract, Separation of Solid and Liquid is handled and baccy fiber made basic operation such as sheets of fibres sheet base can be with reference to conventional producing tobacco flake in method similar to papermaking method, for example extraction can adopt the extraction of common process single, routine repeatedly to extract and Continuous Countercurrent Extraction.But as preferred, three stage countercurrent pot type extraction processes are adopted in extraction of the present invention, each part tobacco (offal or offal) is carried out three times extract, and use secondary raffinate, extract and water as extractant successively; Each portion extractant extracts three parts of stalks; be respectively second extraction stalk or end, once extract stalk or end and new stalk or end; promptly water soluble ingredient in the material is extracted fully, can not propose new specific (special) requirements again, the recovery rate of single-stage extraction technology 35% can be brought up to 50% equipment.Extraction temperature is preferably 50 ℃~80 ℃, and the extraction time is 30~60min, can guarantee the extraction of solable matter, reduces energy resource consumption again, and effectively avoids the loss of fragrance component, keeps the quality of papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos product.In order to screen the proportioning of determining tobacco and aqueous solvent, we have done a large amount of experimental studies, sum up and both guarantee that the raw material solable matter extracts fully, the optimal proportion that helps energy savings again is: will be soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling, offal directly is soaked in water, and the solid-to-liquid ratio of employing is 1: 5~1: 15 (Kg: L).Add enzyme in this offal soak, the addition of enzyme is 0.05%~5% of an offal gross mass, and hydrolysis temperature is 20~50 ℃, and mixing speed is 5~60rmp, and enzymolysis time is 1~8 hour.

In the above-mentioned steps (1), offal is soaked in water, the solid-to-liquid ratio of gained offal soak is 1: 5~1: 15 (Kg: L), in this offal soak, add enzyme, the addition of enzyme is 0.05%~5% of an offal gross mass, temperature is 20~50 ℃ during enzymolysis processing, and mixing speed is 5~60rmp, and enzymolysis time is 1~8 hour.

In the above-mentioned steps (1), because offal contains a large amount of fibers and a spot of aroma component, therefore after offal being carried out the processing of step (1), its fibre composition is extract is used for follow-up sheets of fibres sheet base preparation, and the pectin that contains in the offal, sugar, starch and a small amount of aroma component then are used to follow-up coating fluid preparation; Though the fibre composition that offal contains is less, but offal contains a large amount of aroma components, after the processing through step (1), its aroma component is extract is used for follow-up coating fluid preparation, and the small amount of fibers composition that contains also can be used for the preparation of sheets of fibres sheet base; The present invention obtains by a large amount of experimental summaries, and the mass ratio of offal and offal is preferably 3: 1~and 1: 3, can obtain well to cause fragrant effect and sheet matrix amount.

The absorbent properties of reconstituted tobacoo sheet base are directly connected to the size of coating weight and the stability of product.After vanes extracted, broken especially easily, if the making beating degree is too high, blade was in small, broken bits, just might reduce the loose performance of sheet base to a great extent, reduced the absorbent properties of sheet base.The present invention is in above-mentioned steps (3), offal is handled separating obtained solid takes three grades to separate fine the processing, once separating fine beating degree is 10~25 ° of SR, and it is 13~26 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree, and the beating degree that enters finished product slurry tobacco stalk fibre at last is 14~35 ° of SR; Take secondary to separate fine the processing to the separating obtained solid of offal processing and get final product, once separating fine beating degree is 10~25 ° of SR, and it is 13~26 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree.Separate respectively to mix after fine the processing and carry out the operation of fiber brooming according to routine and obtain baccy fiber sheet base, preferred sheet base moisture is 25~35%; In order to improve the physical property of reconstituted tobacoo, common employing adds pin wood wood pulp fiber, and (it is long that this fibrid has fiber, the assorted less characteristics of gas) method realizes, the addition of wood pulp cellulose is generally 2~10% (dry matter percentage), the high more then physical property of addition is good more, but assorted gas can be big more, and the inventor finds that by practice the addition of wood pulp cellulose is controlled at 3~5% and can reaches than balance.

In the above-mentioned steps (3), the separating obtained liquid of combining step (2) before this liquid is concentrated, can add ethanol earlier, and the effect of ethanol is that precipitation merges the macromolecular substances in the gained liquid, and the addition of ethanol is 1~3 times of merging gained liquid volume.

In the above-mentioned steps (3), concentrating and can adopt existing direct heating atmospheric evaporation concentration method, indirect atmospheric evaporation concentration method, indirect vacuum concentration method that extract is concentrated, is 10~50% to get final product with liquid concentration to solid content.The present invention preferably adopts the vacuum concentration method to concentrate, and does not heat.Add reduced sugar and amino acid in concentrate, heating makes concentrate generation Maillard reaction; The Maillard reaction condition is: the addition of reduced sugar is 2.5%~10% of a concentrate quality, and reduced sugar is the wherein a kind of or any two or more mixture of wood sugar, ribose, arabinose, glucose, fructose, mannose, galactolipin; Amino acid whose addition is 2.5%~10% of a concentrate quality, and amino acid is the wherein a kind of or any two or more mixture of glycine, leucine, glutamic acid, proline, arginine, asparatate, phenylalanine; Regulating the total system pH of Maillard reaction is 6~8, and the Maillard reaction temperature is 85 ℃~130 ℃, mechanical agitation reaction 1~2 hour; The vitamin C (Vc) or the propane diols that can also add trace in the described Maillard reaction system, addition preferred 0.1%.

In the above-mentioned steps (4), the coating fluid temperature that is applied on the sheets of fibres sheet base is 50~60 ℃, and density is 1.200g/cm during 20 ℃ of coating fluids 3, viscosity is 0.01Pa.s during 20 ℃ of coating fluids.

According to actual needs, but repeating step (4) with the reconstituted tobacoo that obtains application step (3) gained coating fluid once more at every turn, preferably repeat 3 times, the reconstituted tobacoo that will obtain at last then section, the packing warehouse-in gets final product.

By enzymolysis the macromolecular compound in the tobacco is fully transformed and to be degraded to micromolecular compound, the fibre stuff of gained contains impurity components such as protein, pectin seldom after Separation of Solid and Liquid is handled, so the bulkiness that can improve thin slice sheet base effectively can reduce the assorted gas content of sheet base again, thereby provide good basis for the interior quality of improving reconstituted tobacoo; Gained liquid can be that Maillard reaction is created good sugared ammonia react basic condition for Maillard reaction provides more reduced sugar and amino acid, through the obtained coating fluid of Maillard reaction, has more fragrance of generation and gives reconstituted tobacoo strong fragrance.

Needs according to the practical application of reconstituted tobacoo in above-mentioned production of cigarettes, can adjust technical recipe of the present invention, for example utilize the Maillard reaction under the different condition to produce different fragrance components, prepare the thin slice of different aromas type, produce the cigarette of different flavor.Particularly, as adopting proline and fructose,, make and have puffed rice odor type thin slice in 150 ℃ of reactions 2 hours; Adopt asparatate and glucose,, produce roasting fragrant and sweet type thin slice in 105 ℃ of reactions 1.2 hours; Adopt asparatate, proline and fructose, glucose,, produce nut odor type thin slice in 105 ℃ of reactions 1 hour; Adopt phenylalanine and fructose, in 120 ℃ of reactions 1 hour, generation had the delicate fragrance type thin slice; Or the like.

The reconstituted tobacoo that above-mentioned preparation technology obtains can be used for production of cigarettes, this reconstituted tobacoo is added in the tobacco leaf formulation of cigarette, then can improve, adjust the physical property and the chemical composition of cigarette; According to a large amount of experimental summaries of the applicant, the addition of described reconstituted tobacoo can select to account for 2~50% of cigarette gross mass, can effectively reduce assorted gas content, the optimization mouthfeel of papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos, enrichment cigarette perfume (or spice).

Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:

1. the present invention utilizes biological enzyme formulation to handle offal and offal, and provide different disposal technology according to the heterogeneity of offal and offal, make macromolecular substances wherein degrade, change into small-molecule substance, make the extraction of active ingredient more complete, simultaneously, improve the physical behavior of offal, beating energy consumption is reduced, drainability was good when online was manufactured paper with pulp, and improved the gas porosity of sheet base; After concentrating, replenishing sugar and amino acid increases Maillard reaction, improves the rich and interior quality of fragrance of reconstituted tobacoo.

2. the present invention is on the basis of traditional tobacco sheets by paper making method preparation technology and above-mentioned enzyme treated feed stock, add a step Maillard reaction, and at first preparation condition is optimized and obtains concentrate, the actual conditions that concentrate is carried out Maillard reaction accurately limits, improve the rich and interior quality of fragrance of reconstituted tobacoo, the reconstituted tobacoo that finally prepares is applied to production of cigarettes, has excellent compatibility and harmony with the cigarette raw material, can effectively reduce the content of TPM in releasing content of coke tar and the main flume, cigarette is jealous better, fragrance enriches strong, and assorted gas can effectively reduce the assorted gas content of papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos less, optimize mouthfeel, enrichment cigarette perfume (or spice); Can reduce degree of dependence effectively, save raw tobacco material to greatest extent, effectively reduce the cigarette cost raw tobacco material;

3, the present invention utilizes feedstock production such as the discarded offal of tobacco productive corporation, offal to obtain the production of cigarettes reconstituted tobacoo of high-quality, except the aroma component that keeps raw material such as offal to greatest extent and obtain the different flavor reconstituted tobacoo of more aroma components through Maillard reaction by the selection of different material prescription, for the taste that the cigarette increase is abundant is more selected, can improve the quality stability of cigarette product effectively, have good society and economic benefit;

4, the present invention only need increase by a cover Maillard reaction still equipment behind enrichment process, do not carry out the reconstituted tobacoo that big update just can obtain high-quality and do not need that existing traditional paper process is prepared reconstituted tobacoo equipment, and concrete operations are simple, process conditions are determined, are convenient to tobacco productive corporation and apply.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is sheet base tensile strength and making beating degree graph of relation;

Fig. 3 is sheet base air permeability and making beating degree graph of relation;

Fig. 4 is sheet base water absorption rate and making beating degree graph of relation;

Fig. 5 is sheet primary surface absorbent properties and making beating degree graph of relation.

The specific embodiment

The present invention will be further described in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiment.

The selection experiment of embodiment 1 reconstituted tobacoo preparation condition

1, the selection of extraction conditions

The method of extracting tobacco waste can have multiple, as adds suitable chemicals method or hot water or cold water's direct method etc., is damaged less and realizes recycling as much as possible for the quality that guarantees tobacco active ingredient, and the selection of extracting method is very important.The present invention adopts extraction, is actually to adopt a kind of three stage countercurrent extraction processes.

Each part stalk carries out three times and extracts, and uses secondary raffinate, extract and water as extractant successively; Each portion extractant extracts three parts of stalks, is respectively the second extraction stalk, once extracts stalk and new the stalk.

Each part stalk and each step recovery rate of each portion extractant are studied, and be contrast with an extract.The recovery rate that same raw material extracts for three times reduces successively, the results are shown in Table shown in 1:

Table 1 recovery rate relatively

Average tendency from total recovery rate, there is the over dry material about 50% to be extracted out through the stalk after three extractions, and the extract solid content that extracted three stalks also reaches about 50%, so can think that the recovery rate that obstructs under these process conditions is about 50%, improve a lot compared with the recovery rate about 35% of existing common process.Each part stalk will extract through 3 times, extraction time increases, first order extraction time is 30 minutes, second level extraction time is 25 minutes, third level extraction time is 25 minutes, but because the improper stage when just bringing into operation is carried out in three grades of extractions simultaneously, each part stalk actual extracting is consuming time less, has shortened general 20% than existing common process.Mix reconstituted tobacoo cigarette smoking result from embodiment preparation hereinafter described, its suction quality and existing common process gained thin slice are slightly improving aspect assorted gas, the stimulation, can not influence the suction quality of papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos product, but the inventive method can guarantee the high efficiency extraction of solable matter, also is the most effective energy saving and consumption reduction method simultaneously.

The selected different temperatures of present embodiment is investigated the optimum temperature of extraction.A large amount of experimental summaries obtain, the too low extraction that can not guarantee solable matter of temperature, and also temperature must prolong extraction time when low, could guarantee the yield of extraction; Temperature is too high, can not obviously improve the yield of extract, increases the loss of thermal energy consumption and aroma substance on the contrary.The result shows that under 50 ℃~80 ℃ temperature, extraction 30~60min can guarantee the extraction of solable matter, reduces energy resource consumption, avoids the loss of fragrance component again, keeps the quality of papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos product.

2, the selection of method for concentration

Adopt direct heating atmospheric evaporation concentration method, vacuum concentration method that extract has been carried out concentration to the offal extract, listed the main chemical compositions of direct heating atmospheric evaporation concentration method and vacuum concentration method gained concentrate in the table 2.

Table 2 concentrates the chemical composition of the concentrate under the condition in difference

Test item Directly heat the normal pressure concentration method The vacuum concentration method Extracting liquid volume (ml) ??5000 ??5000 Total reducing sugar % ??5.10 ??4.76 Total nicotine % ??0.767 ??0.706 Volatility total amount (%) ??78 ??80 Concentration time (min) ??120 ??45 Concentrate density (g/m 3) ??1.20 ??1.20

When the data from table 2 adopt the vacuum concentration method as can be seen, the concentration of total reducing sugar and total nicotine is low than other two kinds of methods in the concentrate, and when reaching normal concentration the needed time shorter, simultaneously, when adopting vacuum to concentrate, can suitably reduce thickening temperature, carry out low-temperature evaporation and have positive meaning for the fragrant quality that keeps tobacco active ingredient.

3, the selection of methods of beating

According to the strong and weak difference of pulping process, design four processes to the offal mechanism:

(1) light beating is discongested tobacco stalk fibre with light cutter and to be come, and beating time is longer.

(2) heavy beating is broken up tobacco stalk fibre with heavy cutter, and beating time is shorter.

(3) with heavy cutter tobacco stalk fibre is cut to a certain degree earlier, uses light cutter again instead tobacco stalk fibre is discongested out.

(4) with heavy cutter tobacco stalk fibre is cut to a certain degree earlier, uses light cutter again instead tobacco stalk fibre is discongested out, the beating degree raising of leaf.

(1), 15 ° of SR of leaf beating degree are adopted in (2), the experiment of (3) group, and the pulping process of stalk is the same with the 3rd group of test in (4) the group test, just the beating degree of leaf has been brought up to 25 ° of SR by 15 ° of SR.Each group is tested made slurry, (presses dry matter percentage, add 4~10% pin wood wood pulp cellulose) base in flakes of manufacturing paper with pulp, every physical property of detection lug base, and the relation of analysis pulping process and sheet base performance according to a certain percentage with plus fiber respectively.The experimental technique parameter the results are shown in Table 3, (detection method is a GB).

Table 3 stalk beating process parameter experimental result

The experimental result that concerns of sheet base tensile strength and making beating degree sees Table 4 and accompanying drawing 2 (among Fig. 2, four curves are respectively the sheet base tensile strength and making beating degree relation curve of offal numbering 1~4):

The relation of table 4 tensile strength and making beating degree

The offal numbering (1) group test (2) group test (3) group test (4) group test ??1# ??0.424 ??0.423 ??0.489 ??0.563 ??2# ??0.490 ??0.487 ??0.62 ??0.71

??3# ??0.557 ??0.555 ??0.665 ??0.733 ??4# ??0.691 ??0.653 ??0.696 ??0.800

By experiment as can be known, sheet base tensile strength not only has relation with beating degree, and is also very close with the pulping process relation.Beating degree improves, and tensile strength raises.Beating degree improves fiber size and reduces, and the interfibrous space that interweaves reduces, the also corresponding increase of intensity.But this reduces as cost with sheet base sponginess.The tensile strength of (1) group test and (2) group test is almost equal.This explanation is with the long-time defibrination of light cutter and with weighing cutter short time defibrination, the bond strength of pulping is suitable.(3) group test is with heavy cutter tobacco stalk fibre to be cut to a certain degree earlier, with light cutter fiber is discongested then and comes.The sheet base tensile strength maximum that the slurry of testing with this group is ferreted out, stock quality is more satisfactory.

The experimental result that concerns of air permeability and making beating degree sees Table 5 and accompanying drawing 3 (among Fig. 3, four curves are respectively the sheet base air permeability and making beating degree relation curve of offal numbering 1~4).

The relation of table 5 air permeability and making beating degree

The offal numbering (1) group test (2) group test (3) group test (4) group test ??1# ??0.2835 ??0.1652 ??0.2278 ??0.13075 ??2# ??0.166 ??0.11546 ??0.10218 ??0.06726 ??3# ??0.1098 ??0.09736 ??0.07258 ??0.05642 ??4# ??0.0876 ??0.06262 ??0.05544 ??0.04676

The combustibility of air permeability and papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos is in close relations, and air permeability large-scale combustion performance is better relatively.Show that from accompanying drawing 3 air permeability of (1) group test is best, the permeability of (4) group test is relatively poor, and the leaf slurry is under big beating degree, and that is beaten is in small, broken bits, has clogged the slit between the stalk pulp fibres, and permeability reduces.

Sheet base absorbent properties and making beating degree concern that experimental result sees Table 6, table 7 and accompanying drawing 4 be (among Fig. 4, article four, curve is respectively the sheet base water absorption rate and making beating degree relation curve of offal numbering 1~4), accompanying drawing 5 (among Fig. 5, four curves are respectively the sheet primary surface absorbent properties and making beating degree relation curve of offal numbering 1~4):

The absorbent properties of sheet base water absorption rate and two index expressions of water absorbent surface performance.What water absorption rate was represented is the climbing speed of water on paper slip, and unit is mm/second (mm/S).The water absorbent surface performance is the time that drop is absorbed fully by the sheet primary surface, and unit is second (S).Consider the absorbent properties of sheet base with these two index comprehensives to the coating feed liquid.

The relation of table 6 water absorption rate and making beating degree

The offal numbering (1) group test (2) group test (3) group test (4) group test ??1# ??0.04665 ??0.0337 ??0.0417 ??0.0367 ??2# ??0.03918 ??0.0353 ??0.0337 ??0.0290 ??3# ??0.03868 ??0.0348 ??0.0297 ??0.0297 ??4# ??0.034 ??0.0292 ??0.0275 ??0.0287

Table 7 surface absorption can with the making beating degree relation

The offal numbering (1) group test (2) group test (3) group test (4) group test 1# water absorbent surface (S) ??31.045 ??29.898 ??20.924 ??32.988 2# water absorbent surface (S) ??24.804 ??32.354 ??31.28 ??37.032 3# water absorbent surface (S) ??27.21 ??45.968 ??34.088 ??42.122 4# water absorbent surface (S) ??35.122 ??62.508 ??39.152 ??34.452

As a whole, the absorbent properties of sheet base reduce along with the raising of beating degree.The absorbent properties of (1) group test are better, and the absorbent properties of (4) group experiment are relatively poor, and the result that this and air permeability are tested also matches.The absorbent properties of sheet base are directly connected to the size of coating weight and the stability of product.

Based on above research, we select to adopt high dense mill, in the reasonably combined and optimum organization of dense mill, fluffer, jordan, the use of high dense mill is less to the cut-out of raw fibre in making full use of, fiber divides silk, fibrillating characteristics preferably, stock quality is higher, it is base molded to help sheet, the pliability that has improved fiber with become paper; The use of jordan and fluffer makes that the length of fiber is more even, reduce paper defects, paper-forming evenness is better, the uniform and stable of coating weight in the follow-up coating process played a key effect, the quality that guarantees reconstituted tobacco is more stable, make the papermaking-method reconstituted tobaccos finished product have certain intensity, and flexibility and anti-processability are better.

Embodiment 2 has the reconstituted tobacoo of roasting fragrant and sweet gas

The reconstituted tobacoo of present embodiment, preparation technology's flow chart is seen shown in the accompanying drawing 1, in the accompanying drawing 1, on behalf of pulp preparation section, 4 representatives, on behalf of pretreatment of raw material section, 2 representatives, 1 extract concentration responses and allotment section, 3 copy paper moulding coating section, 5 to represent finished product post processing section, and the present invention relates generally to the 2nd and 3 section.6 for ready for tobacco stalk raw materials, 7 for ready for offal raw materials; 8 represent tobacco stalk raw material polishing peeling, 9 is the immersion of offal, 10 is that the offal enzyme is handled extraction, 11 carry out Separation of Solid and Liquid for the offal extract, 12 is the immersion of offal, 13 is that the offal enzyme is handled extraction, 14 is offal extract Separation of Solid and Liquid, 15 carry out alcohol precipitation and carry (can select step for use) for merging liquid after the Separation of Solid and Liquid, and 16 for concentrating, and 17 is raw materials such as outer sugaring and amino acid, 18 is Maillard reaction, 19 is the allotment of coating fluid, 20 be if the words that need according to routine to coating fluid China and foreign countries' doping, 32 are coating;

Solid after the Separation of Solid and Liquid enters the pulp preparation section respectively, and the solid that offal extract Separation of Solid and Liquid obtains is separated fibre, 22 secondarys through 21 one-levels and separated fibre, 23 3 grades and separate fibre and enter 26 and join and join slurry in the stock tank; The solid that offal extract Separation of Solid and Liquid obtains is separated fibre, 25 secondarys through 24 one-levels and is separated fibre and enter 26 and join and join slurry in the stock tank, 27 add wood pulp cellulose according to conventional toward joining in the stock tank, 28 equal pulp grinder homogenates, 29 destroy the slurry forebay, 30 fiber brooming, dehydrate, preparing sheet base 31,33 is conventional finished product post-processing operation.

Preparation process specifically comprises the steps (do not establish alcohol precipitation and propose operation):

(1) be to prepare offal and offal at 3: 1 according to the mass ratio of offal and offal, (solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 5, Kg: L), if offal flattened especially to roll in advance to be split better, can effectively improve extraction effect with being soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling.In soak, add complex cellulase, zytase and compound protease, total addition of complex cellulase, zytase and compound protease is 0.05% of an offal gross mass, the mass ratio of three kinds of enzymes is 2: 1: 1,20 ℃, under the mixing speed of 60rmp, enzymolysis processing extracted after 1 hour;

Offal is soaked in water, and (solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 5, Kg: L), in soak, add complex cellulase, zytase and compound protease, total addition of complex cellulase, zytase and compound protease is 0.05% of an offal gross mass, the mass ratio of three kinds of enzymes is 1: 1: 1,20 ℃, under the mixing speed of 60rmp, enzymolysis processing extracted after 1 hour;

(2) step (1) gained extract is carried out squeeze and filter respectively successively, and Separation of Solid and Liquid is handled;

(3) solid is scattered in respectively in the water, fibre is separated in making beating, separates the merging of fine back and joins slurry, and fiber brooming is made sheets of fibres sheet base with baccy fiber; Offal is separated fibre, and once separating fine beating degree is 10 ° of SR, and it is 26 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree, and the beating degree that enters finished product slurry tobacco stalk fibre at last is 18 ° of SR.It is 10 ° of SR that offal is once separated fine beating degree, and it is 16 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree.

(4) liquid being merged the back concentrates, the concentrate water content is 50%, transferring concentrate pH value is 7, add glucose and asparatate in concentrate, the addition of glucose is 10% of a concentrate gross mass, and the addition of asparatate is 10% of a concentrate gross mass, the Vc that also in concentrate, adds trace simultaneously, in 105 ℃ of mechanical agitation reactions 1.2 hours, make concentrate carry out Maillard reaction, prepare coating fluid;

(5) step (4) preparation gained coating fluid is applied on step (3) the preparation gained sheets of fibres sheet base, obtains reconstituted tobacoo after the drying.The characteristics of this reconstituted tobacoo are that assorted gas is light, and breath is coordinated, and aftertaste is better, and has certain roasting fragrant and sweet gas.

Embodiment 3 has the reconstituted tobacoo of banksia rose gas and roasting fragrant and sweet flavor

The reconstituted tobacoo of present embodiment, flow process are established alcohol precipitation and are proposed operation with embodiment 2.It specifically comprises the steps:

(1) be to prepare offal and offal at 2: 1 according to the mass ratio of offal and offal.(solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 15 with being soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling, Kg: L), in soak, add the complex enzyme (mixing of compound pectinase and zytase, the mass ratio of these two kinds of enzymes is 1: 2), total addition of complex enzyme is 1%, 50 ℃ of soak gross mass, under the mixing speed of 5rmp, enzymolysis processing 8 hours adopts the extraction of three stage countercurrent pot type extraction processes, in 50 ℃ of extraction 60min.

Offal is soaked in water, and (solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 15, Kg: L), in soak, add the complex enzyme (mixing of compound pectinase and zytase, the mass ratio of these two kinds of enzymes is 1: 2), total addition of complex enzyme is 0.1%, 50 ℃ of offal gross mass, under the mixing speed of 5rmp, enzymolysis processing extracted after 8 hours, the same offal of extracting operation.

(2) step (1) gained extract is carried out squeeze and filter respectively successively, and Separation of Solid and Liquid is handled;

(3) solid is scattered in respectively in the water, fibre is separated in making beating, separates the merging of fine back and joins slurry, and fiber brooming is made sheets of fibres sheet base with baccy fiber; Offal is separated fibre, and once separating fine beating degree is 25 ° of SR, and it is 13 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree, and the beating degree that enters finished product slurry tobacco stalk fibre at last is 14 ° of SR.It is 25 ° of SR that offal is once separated fine beating degree, and it is 13 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree.

(4) with after the liquid merging, in merging liquid, add 3 times of volume of ethanol, filter the back concentrated filtrate, in concentrated filtrate, add glucose and asparatate, make concentrated filtrate generation Maillard reaction, the condition of Maillard reaction is: the concentrate water content is 70%, transferring concentrate pH value is 7, the addition of glucose is 5% of a concentrate gross mass, the addition of asparatate is 5% of a concentrate gross mass, the vitamin C that also adds trace simultaneously in concentrate in 105 ℃ of mechanical agitation reactions 1.2 hours, prepares coating fluid;

(5) step (4) preparation gained coating fluid is applied on step (3) the preparation gained sheets of fibres sheet base, obtains reconstituted tobacoo after the drying.The characteristics of this reconstituted tobacoo are that assorted gas is light, and breath is clean, and this perfume (or spice) of tobacco is sufficient, and have certain banksia rose gas and the roasting fragrant and sweet leaf style of eating.

Embodiment 4 has the reconstituted tobacoo of nut odor type

The reconstituted tobacoo of present embodiment, flow process are not established alcohol precipitation and are proposed operation with embodiment 2.It specifically comprises the steps:

(1) be to prepare offal and offal at 1: 1 according to the mass ratio of offal and offal.(solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 10 with being soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling, Kg: L), in soak, add the complex enzyme (mixing of compound pectinase, zytase and compound protease, the mass ratio of these three kinds of enzymes is 1: 2: 1), total addition of complex enzyme is 1% of an offal gross mass, 50 ℃, under the mixing speed of 5rmp, enzymolysis processing extracted after 8 hours; Adopt identical offal sample, the physical and chemical index comparing result of enzyme-added processing extract and not enzyme-added processing extract sees Table 8.

Offal extract physics and chemistry index (following data have been done modification) before and after table 8 enzyme is handled

Sample Total reducing sugar (%) Reduced sugar (%) Total nitrogen (%) Nicotine (%) Free amino acid (%) Not enzyme-added treatment samples ??29.11 ??24.85 ??1.65 ??0.763 ??1.01 The enzyme treatment samples ??33.02 ??26.98 ??1.87 ??0.754 ??1.64

Offal is soaked in water, and (solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 10, Kg: L), in soak, add complex enzyme (compound pectinase, zytase and compound protease are 1: 2: 1 ratio mixing according to mass ratio), total addition of complex enzyme is 1% of an offal gross mass, 50 ℃, under the mixing speed of 5rmp, enzymolysis processing extracted after 8 hours; Three stage countercurrent pot type extraction processes are adopted in extraction, in 80 ℃ of extraction 30min.

(2) step (1) gained extract is carried out squeeze and filter respectively successively, and Separation of Solid and Liquid is handled;

(3) be scattered in solid in the water respectively, fibre is separated in making beating, separate the merging of fine back and join slurry, fiber brooming, baccy fiber is made sheets of fibres sheet base offal separate fibre, once separating fine beating degree is 20 ° of SR, and it is 16 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree, and the beating degree that enters finished product slurry tobacco stalk fibre at last is 30 ° of SR.It is 18 ° of SR that offal is once separated fine beating degree, and it is 26 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree.

(4) liquid being merged the back concentrates, adding reduced sugar and amino acid make concentrate generation Maillard reaction in concentrate, the Maillard reaction condition is: the concentrate water content is 90%, transferring concentrate pH value is 7, the addition of reduced sugar is 10% of a concentrate gross mass, reduced sugar be fructose and glucose etc. quality compare mixture, amino acid whose addition is 10% of a concentrate gross mass, amino acid be asparatate and proline etc. quality compare mixture, the propane diols that also adds trace in the concentrate, in 105 ℃ of mechanical agitation reactions 1 hour, prepare coating fluid;

(5) step (4) preparation gained coating fluid is applied on step (3) the preparation gained sheets of fibres sheet base, obtains reconstituted tobacoo after the drying.The characteristics of this reconstituted tobacoo are that assorted gas is light, and breath is clean, and this perfume (or spice) of tobacco is sufficient, and the jealous style of giving the nut odor type.

Embodiment 5 has the reconstituted tobacoo of delicate fragrance type

The reconstituted tobacoo of present embodiment, it specifically comprises the steps:

(1) be to prepare offal and offal at 1: 3 according to the mass ratio of offal and offal.(solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 5 with being soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling, Kg: L), in soak, add the complex enzyme (mixing of complex cellulase, zytase and compound protease, the mass ratio of these three kinds of enzymes is 2: 1: 1), total addition of complex enzyme is 0.5% of an offal gross mass, 50 ℃, under the mixing speed of 5rmp, enzymolysis processing extracted after 8 hours; Adopt the extraction of three stage countercurrent pot type extraction processes, in 70 ℃ of extraction 35min.

Offal is soaked in water, and (solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 5, Kg: L), in soak, add complex enzyme (complex cellulase, zytase and compound protease are that 2: 1: 1 ratios are mixed according to mass ratio), total addition of complex enzyme is 0.5% of an offal gross mass, 50 ℃, under the mixing speed of 5rmp, enzymolysis processing extracted after 8 hours, the same offal of extraction process.

(2) step (1) gained extract is carried out squeeze and filter respectively successively, and Separation of Solid and Liquid is handled;

(3) solid is scattered in respectively in the water, fibre is separated in making beating, separates the merging of fine back and joins slurry, and fiber brooming is made sheets of fibres sheet base with baccy fiber; The solid offal is separated fibre, and once separating fine beating degree is 15 ° of SR, and it is 20 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree, is the beating degree that enters finished product slurry tobacco stalk fibre at last 15 ° of SR?It is 18 ° of SR that offal is once separated fine beating degree, is it 18 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree?

(4) liquid being merged the back concentrates, adding fructose and phenylalanine make concentrate generation Maillard reaction in concentrate, the Maillard reaction condition is: the concentrate water content is 60%, transferring concentrate pH value is 7, the addition of fructose is 7.5% of a concentrate gross mass, and the addition of phenylalanine is 7.5% of a concentrate gross mass, also adds the propane diols of trace in the concentrate, in 120 ℃ of mechanical agitation reactions 1 hour, prepare coating fluid;

(5) step (4) preparation gained coating fluid is applied on step (3) the preparation gained sheets of fibres sheet base, obtains reconstituted tobacoo after the drying.The characteristics of this reconstituted tobacoo are that assorted gas is light, and breath is cleaner, and purer fresh and sweet this perfume of tobacco and full has the jealous style of delicate fragrance type.

Embodiment 6

The S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco of selling on the present embodiment selection market adds different reconstituted tobacoos on the basis of this prescription, set up control group as follows and test group, and the cigarette smoke and the cigarette endoplasm of each control group and test group are analyzed.

(1) control group 1: do not add any reconstituted tobacoo, 100%S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco;

(2) control group 2: use the paper process without enzyme processing and Maillard reaction to prepare the gained reconstituted tobacoo, the addition of reconstituted tobacoo is 15% of a S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco gross mass;

(3) test group 1: use embodiment 5 preparation gained reconstituted tobacoos, the addition of reconstituted tobacoo is 5% of a S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco gross mass;

(4) test group 2: use embodiment 5 preparation gained reconstituted tobacoos, the addition of reconstituted tobacoo is 15% of a S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco gross mass;

(5) test group 3: use embodiment 5 preparation gained reconstituted tobacoos, the addition of reconstituted tobacoo is 20% of a S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco gross mass;

(6) test group 4: use embodiment 5 preparation gained reconstituted tobacoos, the addition of reconstituted tobacoo is 25% of a S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco gross mass;

(7) test group 5: use embodiment 5 preparation gained reconstituted tobacoos, the addition of reconstituted tobacoo is 30% of a S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco gross mass.

In each control group and the test group, reconstituted tobacoo to the influence of cigarette smoke composition and cigarette endoplasm shown in table 9 and table 10.

Table 9 different proportion reconstituted tobacoo is to the influence of cigarette smoke composition

Cigarette TPM (mg) Tar moisture content (mg) Nicotine (mg) Tar (mg) Burn and suck a mouthful number Control group 1 ??16.41 ??2.90 ??1.30 ??12.21 ??7.5 Control group 2 ??15.41 ??2.96 ??1.29 ??11.46 ??7.0 Test group 1 ??14.50 ??2.80 ??1.20 ??10.31 ??6.9 Test group 2 ??14.20 ??2.75 ??1.23 ??10.22 ??6.6 Test group 3 ??13.98 ??2.70 ??1.20 ??10.08 ??6.3 Test group 4 ??13.75 ??2.67 ??1.17 ??9.91 ??6.3 Test group 5 ??13.38 ??2.64 ??1.13 ??9.61 ??6.1

From table 9 is to detect according to State Standard of the People's Republic of China GB 5606.5-2005 " cigarette the 5th part: main flume " to draw as can be seen, the adding of reconstituted tobacoo can reduce the tar content of S trade mark fire-cured tobacco type product, when the thin slice applied amount is 5 ~ 20%, releasing content of coke tar in cigarette decreases by 7.4 ~ 17.4%, but along with the increase that applies ratio, the nicotine burst size reduces, and suck physiological strength and weaken to some extent, and puff number also obviously reduces.

Table 10 uses the influence of different proportion reconstituted tobacoo to the cigarette endoplasm

Cigarette Gloss 5 Fragrance 32 Harmony 6 Assorted gas 12 Stimulate 20 Pleasant impression 25 Add up to 100 Compatibility and harmony Control group 1 ??4.5 ??28.1 ??5.1 ??9.8 ??16.9 ??21.1 ??85.5 Control group 2 ??4.5 ??26.8 ??4.7 ??9.3 ??16.5 ??20.5 ??82.3 Compatibility is relatively poor, owes to coordinate Test group 1 ??4.5 ??28.4 ??5.3 ??10.3 ??17.5 ??21.3 ??87.3 Compatibility is good, coordinates Test group 2 ??4.5 ??28.8 ??5.5 ??10.5 ??17.8 ??21.8 ??88.5 Compatibility is better, and harmony is good Test group 3 ??4.5 ??28.9 ??5.5 ??10.6 ??18.0 ??21.9 ??89.0 Compatibility is good, coordinates Test group 4 ??4.5 ??28.8 ??5.4 ??10.6 ??18.0 ??22.0 ??88.9 Compatibility is fair, and harmony is good, the jealous style of little apparent reconstituted tobacoo Test group 5 ??4.5 ??28.5 ??5.1 ??10.3 ??18.1 ??22.1 ??88.2 Compatibility is fair, owes slightly to coordinate, and shows the jealous style of reconstituted tobacoo slightly

Be to carry out organoleptic examination according to State Standard of the People's Republic of China GB 5606.4-2005 " cigarette the 4th part: sense organ specification requirement " to draw in the above-mentioned table 10, the compatibility of control group 2 is relatively poor have been influenced fragrance and has owed coordination, assorted gas appears slightly, the oral cavity has stagnant tongue and excitant slightly to increase, cause quality to descend to some extent, and join embodiment 4 reconstituted tobacoos and ratio 5 ~ 25% the time when mixing, it is good that S trade mark cigarette style keeps, cigarette endoplasm score improves, and the mouthfeel of smoking property of cigarette is improved, and cigarette is fragrant to be coordinated, along with the increase of mixing mixing ratio, S trade mark product style can change gradually, can show the jealous style of reconstituted tobacoo slightly, but igniting and sucking quality there is no obvious variation.

Embodiment 7 contrast experiments:

Test group adopts the method for embodiment 5 to prepare reconstituted tobacoo; Control group prepares reconstituted tobacoo according to following method:

(1) be to prepare offal and offal at 1: 3 according to the mass ratio of offal and offal.(solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 5, Kg: L) extraction with being soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling; The solid offal is separated fibre, and once separating fine beating degree is 15 ° of SR, and it is 20 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree, and the beating degree that enters finished product slurry tobacco stalk fibre at last is 15 ° of SR.

Offal is soaked in water (solid-to-liquid ratio is 1: 5, Kg: L), and extraction; It is 18 ° of SR that offal is once separated fine beating degree, and it is 18 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree.

(2) step (1) gained extract is carried out squeeze and filter respectively successively, and Separation of Solid and Liquid is handled;

(3) combining solid is scattered in the water, and fibre is separated in making beating, and fiber brooming is made sheets of fibres sheet base with baccy fiber;

(4) liquid being merged the back concentrates, adding fructose and phenylalanine make concentrate generation Maillard reaction in concentrate, the Maillard reaction condition is: the concentrate water content is 60%, transferring concentrate pH value is 7, the addition of fructose is 7.5% of a concentrate gross mass, and the addition of phenylalanine is 7.5% of a concentrate gross mass, also adds the propane diols of trace in the concentrate, in 120 ℃ of mechanical agitation reactions 1 hour, prepare coating fluid;

(5) step (4) preparation gained coating fluid is applied on step (3) the preparation gained sheets of fibres sheet base, obtains reconstituted tobacoo after the drying.

The S trade mark original formulation pipe tobacco of selling on the selection market adds the reconstituted tobacoo that 20% experimental group and control group prepare respectively on the basis of this prescription, the cigarette smoke and the cigarette endoplasm of control group and test group are analyzed:

Table 11 reconstituted tobacoo is to the influence of cigarette smoke composition

Cigarette TPM (mg) Tar moisture content (mg) Nicotine (mg) Tar (mg) Burn and suck a mouthful number Control group ??14.28 ??2.73 ??1.15 ??10.40 ??6.3 Test group ??13.98 ??2.70 ??1.20 ??10.08 ??6.3

Table 12 reconstituted tobacoo is to the influence of cigarette endoplasm

Cigarette Gloss 5 Fragrance 32 Harmony 6 Assorted gas 12 Stimulate 20 Pleasant impression 25 Add up to 100 Compatibility and harmony Control group ??4.5 ??28.6 ??5.2 ??10.4 ??17.8 ??21.6 ??87.7 Compatibility is good, coordinates Test group ??4.5 ??28.9 ??5.5 ??10.6 ??18.0 ??21.9 ??89.0 Compatibility is good, coordinates

Claims (10)

1, a kind of preparation method of reconstituted tobacoo, comprise the steps: water logging bubble extracted tobacco material, through squeeze and filter, after the Separation of Solid and Liquid, solid is made sheets of fibres sheet base, and liquid is made coating fluid through concentrating, and coating fluid is applied on the sheets of fibres sheet base, the section of oven dry back prepares reconstituted tobacoo, it is characterized in that also comprising following two steps:
(1) water logging bubble extracted tobacco material joins enzyme in the tobacco soak, tobacco is carried out enzyme handle;
(2) liquid adds reduced sugar and amino acid in concentrate after concentrating, and concentrate generation Maillard reaction is made coating fluid.
2,, it is characterized in that described enzyme is any one or the two or more mixture in compound protease, compound pectinase, composite alpha-amylase, neutral cellulase, zytase or the carbohydrase according to the described preparation method of claim 1; Described reduced sugar is any one or the two or more mixture in wood sugar, ribose, arabinose, glucose, fructose, mannose or the galactolipin, and described amino acid is any one or the two or more mixtures in glycine, leucine, glutamic acid, proline, arginine, asparatate or the phenylalanine.
3, according to the described preparation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that specifically comprising the steps:
(1) with being soaked in water after the offal polishing peeling, in gained offal soak, adds enzyme, extract after the enzymolysis processing;
Offal is soaked in water, in gained offal soak, adds enzyme, extract after the enzymolysis processing;
(2) step (1) gained extract is filtered respectively successively, Separation of Solid and Liquid handles;
(3) step (2) offal is handled separating obtained solid, offal is handled separating obtained solid and is scattered in respectively in the water, fibre is separated in making beating, separates to remerge behind the fibre and joins slurry, fiber brooming gets baccy fiber, makes sheets of fibres sheet base after baccy fiber dehydrates;
The separating obtained liquid of combining step (2), concentrate concentrate, add reduced sugar and amino acid in the concentrate, make concentrate generation Maillard reaction, prepare coating fluid;
(4) step (3) preparation gained coating fluid is applied on the sheets of fibres sheet base, obtains reconstituted tobacoo after the drying.
4, according to the described preparation method of claim 3, it is characterized in that being soaked in water described offal of step (1) or offal, to adopt solid-to-liquid ratio be 1Kg: 5L~1Kg: 15L; The mass ratio of described offal and offal is 3: 1~1: 3; The addition of enzyme is 0.05~5% of offal or an offal quality; Hydrolysis temperature is 20~50 ℃, and mixing speed is 5~60rmp, and enzymolysis time is 1~8 hour.
5, according to the described preparation method of claim 3, it is characterized in that the described extraction of step (1) is to adopt three stage countercurrent pot type extraction processes, extraction temperature is 50 ℃~80 ℃, the extraction time is 30~60min.
6, according to the described preparation method of claim 3, it is characterized in that the described offal of step (3) handles separating obtained solid and adopt three grades to separate fine the processing, once separating fine beating degree is 10~25 ° of SR, it is 13~26 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree, and the beating degree that enters finished product slurry tobacco stalk fibre is 14~35 ° of SR;
Described offal is handled separating obtained solid and is taked secondary to separate fine the processing, and once separating fine beating degree is 10~25 ° of SR, and it is 13~26 ° of SR that secondary is separated fine beating degree;
Described sheets of fibres sheet base moisture is 25~35% of a fibre plate sheet base gross mass;
The addition of sugar is 2.5~10% of a concentrate gross mass in the described concentrate, and amino acid whose addition is 2.5~10% of a concentrate gross mass in the concentrate.
7, according to the described preparation method of claim 3, it is characterized in that the condition of Maillard reaction is in the step (3): Maillard reaction system pH is 6~8, and reaction temperature is 80 ℃~130 ℃, mechanical agitation reaction 1~2 hour.
8,, it is characterized in that the described coating fluid temperature that is applied on the sheets of fibres sheet base of step (4) is 50~60 ℃ according to the described preparation method of claim 3.
9, the described method of claim 1 prepares the application of gained reconstituted tobacoo in production of cigarettes.
10,, it is characterized in that the addition of described reconstituted tobacoo in cigarette is 2~50% of cigarette shreds gross mass according to the described application of claim 9.
CN2009100419565A 2009-08-18 2009-08-18 Method for preparing tobacco sheet and application thereof CN101637298B (en)

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