CN101606852B - Ultrasonic cystoscope - Google Patents

Ultrasonic cystoscope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101606852B
CN101606852B CN2009100406832A CN200910040683A CN101606852B CN 101606852 B CN101606852 B CN 101606852B CN 2009100406832 A CN2009100406832 A CN 2009100406832A CN 200910040683 A CN200910040683 A CN 200910040683A CN 101606852 B CN101606852 B CN 101606852B
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main body
ultrasonic
cystoscope
scope
operator
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CN2009100406832A
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CN101606852A (en
Inventor
乔铁
张阳德
张宝善
黄万潮
谢景夏
何群芝
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Guangzhou Baodan Medical Instrument Technology Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Baodan Medical Instrument Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses an ultrasonic cystoscope which belongs to the technical field of medical apparatuses. The ultrasonic cystoscope is formed by organically combing an altered scleroid cystoscope with a miniature ultrasonic probe, and has the functions of a cystoscope and ultrasonic inspection. The ultrasonic cystoscope comprises an endoscope main body. The endoscope main body comprises a scleroid endoscope end part, and an apparatus passage, a cold light source input end and an eye lens input end which are communicated with the scleroid endoscope end part. A lens sheath is arranged outside the endoscope main body, and an operator with at least one apparatus passage is connected with the lens sheath. The miniature ultrasonic probe used for carrying out real-time ultrasonic scanning on bladders is arranged in the apparatus passage of the endoscope main body. The ultrasonic cystoscope can exactly fix the position, the size, the appearance and the range of focus, enhance the accuracy of bladder examination, diagnosis and operation, make up the shortage of the current diagnosis and treat methods and better diagnose and treat various bladder diseases. In addition, the ultrasonic cystoscope has favorable grippage, which is convenient for operations to be carried out successfully.

Description

Ultrasonic cystoscope
Technical field
The invention belongs to the medical equipment technical field.Be particularly related to a kind of modern medicine and carry out a kind of core medical instrument of Urology Surgery operation, i.e. ultrasonic cystoscope.
Background technology
At present, cystoscope and cystoscope technology are widely used clinically, it is the important tool of Urology Surgery diagnosis and treatment disease, but the existing cystoscope that is used for the bladder disease diagnosis and treatment can be determined the focus of bladder, but can't understand the variation of each layer of bladder and surrounding organ, there is the insufficient hidden danger of diagnostic accuracy, and has only 1~2 instrument channel, can not implement comparatively complicated operation.At present on the clinical medicine, understanding bladder pathological changes situation mainly is to rely on external B ultrasonic, CT technology, and the pathological changes information of each layer of bladder and surrounding organ more accurately all can not be provided.In addition, present ultrasonic endoscope technology has been widely used in field of surgery such as stomach, duodenum, and its equipment is various soft lens and supporting miniature ultrasonic probe etc., but is not applied in the middle of the diagnosis and treatment technology of bladder.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, a kind of ultrasonic cystoscope is provided, can determine position, size, outward appearance and scope that the intravesical focus exists exactly, improve the accuracy of BLOBS bladder observation, diagnosis, operation, thereby remedy the deficiency of present diagnosis and treatment method.
In order to realize above-mentioned technical purpose, the present invention realizes by following technical scheme:
Ultrasonic cystoscope of the present invention, comprise cystoscope scope main body, described scope main body comprises hard scope end, and the instrument channel that is communicated with the scope end, cold light source input and eyepiece input, described scope main body is provided with the mirror sheath outward, be connected with the operator that has at least one instrument channel on the described mirror sheath, be provided with the miniature ultrasonic probe that is used for bladder is carried out real-time ultrasonic scanning in the instrument channel of described scope main body.
Described mirror sheath comprises mirror sheath end and mirror sheath elder generation end, and two fluid passages that are communicated with mirror sheath end, is provided with the valve of its unlatching of control on this two fluid passage.Described mirror sheath tip lengths is 180~220mm, and the profile of end is non-circular, maximum gauge 8.4mm, minimum diameter 6.6mm; Mirror sheath elder generation end is blunt shape structural design, can effectively reduce the damage of first end to urethra.
Also be provided with a pipe sheath core pin that cooperates with the mirror sheath on the described mirror sheath, after the cooperation, the opening portion of mirror sheath end can be filled up in the end of pipe sheath core pin, makes it to constitute one, is convenient to insert urethra, enters bladder.
The afterbody of described mirror sheath is provided with and manages the locking device that sheath core pin is connected, and by locking device mirror sheath and pipe sheath core pin is combined closely.
Two individual instruments passages that described operator comprises the operator end and is communicated with its end, the afterbody of each operator is provided with the locking device that is connected with the scope main body; Between two instrument channel of operator and the axis of operator end in angle of 45 degrees, and the angle between two instrument channel greater than 60 the degree.In the present invention, the external diameter of operator end is 6.4mm, and its tip lengths is 200~230mm, and the instrument channel diameter of described operator is 3.0mm.
The eyepiece input of described scope main body becomes the angles of 135 degree with the axis of scope main body, its cold light source input is vertical with the centrage of scope, and described cold light source input and eyepiece input design the both sides in scope main body axis respectively.The outer end diameter of described scope main body is 6.2mm, the instrument channel diameter of scope main body is 2.5~3.2mm, scope adopts 2.5~3.0mm optical lens, and the angle of optical lens is divided into a series of specification, is respectively 0 degree mirror, 12 degree mirrors, 30 degree mirrors, 70 degree mirrors, 110 degree mirrors.
In the present invention, all be provided with the sealing device that prevents fluid loop on the instrument channel of each instrument channel of described operator and scope main body.
In the present invention, described miniature ultrasonic probe comprises the data wire union joint, probe end and the first end of probe, and the first end of popping one's head in is effective district of scanning, miniature ultrasonic probe can be done annular and linear scanning.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The present invention forms ultrasonic cystoscope because hard cystoscope through transforming and miniature ultrasonic probe are organically combined, and has both had cystoscopic function, has the ultrasonic examination function again.After cystoscope enters bladder, miniature ultrasonic probe is platform with the cystoscope, under the supervision of cystoscope camera system, miniature ultrasonic probe directly enters bladder through cystoscopic instrument channel, in direct observation bladder cavity clearly in the situation, under the situation of bladder full of liquid, miniature ultrasonic probe is carried out real-time ultrasonic scanning from inside to outside to bladder, carry out 360 ° circular scanning for cavity, linear scanning or three-dimensional reconstruction, make that miniature ultrasonic probe more can be directly near focus, in addition, adopt the more clear lesions showed of high frequency technique, thereby can determine the position that focus exists, size, outward appearance and scope can the various bladder diseases of cystoscope diagnosis and treatment, to improve BLOBS bladder observation, diagnosis, the accuracy of operation has remedied the deficiency of present diagnosis and treatment method.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is described in detail:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of ultrasonic cystoscope of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the upward view of above-mentioned Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the side view of mirror sheath among the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of above-mentioned Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is that the mirror sheath cooperates sketch map with pipe sheath core pin among the present invention;
Fig. 6 is an operator side view among the present invention;
Fig. 7 is an operator axonometric chart among the present invention;
Fig. 8 is a scope main body side view among the present invention;
Fig. 9 is a miniature ultrasonic probe sketch map among the present invention;
Figure 10 is the user mode sketch map that miniature ultrasonic probe is passed through instrument channel;
Figure 11 is that ultrasonic cystoscope cooperates miniature ultrasonic probe to carry out the sketch map of operation on bladder.
The specific embodiment
The present invention such as Fig. 1, in conjunction with Fig. 2, Fig. 6 and shown in Figure 8, ultrasonic cystoscope of the present invention is by ultrasonic cystoscope mirror sheath 1, operator 2, scope main body 3 and miniature ultrasonic probe 4 four parts are formed.
As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, among the present invention, the concrete part of mirror sheath 1 has sheath tube end 12, fluid passage 13,14, locking device 15.In addition, the first end 11 of mirror sheath 1 is blunt shape structural design, has promptly done harmless design, damage urethra when can avoid mirror sheath 1 to enter urethra effectively.In the present invention, end 12 Design of length of mirror sheath 1 are 180~220mm, and the profile of end 12 is non-circular, maximum gauge 8.4mm, minimum diameter 6.6mm.
As shown in Figure 5, also be provided with the pipe sheath core pin 5 that is mated use on the ultrasonic cystoscope mirror sheath 1, mirror sheath 1 and pipe sheath core pin 5 by first locking device 15 lock cooperate after, the opening portion of the end 11 of mirror sheath part 1 can be filled up in the end 51 of pipe sheath core pin 5, make the two constitute one, so that the insertion urethra enters bladder.
As shown in Figure 6, in conjunction with Fig. 7, operator 2 of the present invention is by end 21, instrument channel 22 and 23, also be provided with at the afterbody of operator 2 and be used for operator 2 and scope main body 3 are connected in the locking device 25 of one, and instrument channel 22,23 shared common channel outlet 24, between two instrument channel 22,23 of operator 2 and the axis of operator end 21 in angle of 45 degrees, and the angle between two instrument channel 22,23 greater than 60 the degree.In the present invention, the external diameter of operator end 21 is 6.4mm, and its tip lengths is 200~230mm, and instrument channel 22,23 diameters of described operator 2 are 3.0mm.
As shown in Figure 8, scope main body 3 of the present invention comprises: eyepiece input 31, instrument channel 32, cold light source input 33, scope locking device 34 and scope end 35.Wherein: the eyepiece input 31 of scope main body 3 becomes the angle of 135 degree with the axis of scope main body 3, and main body 3 is comfortable, stable when making people's holds scope.In addition, cold light source input 33 is vertical with the centrage of scope main body 3, and cold light source input 33 and eyepiece input 31 design the both sides in scope main body 3 axis respectively.The outer end diameter of described scope main body 3 is 6.2mm, its end 35 length are 225~270mm, instrument channel 32 diameters of scope main body 3 are 2.5~3.2mm, and scope adopts 2.5~3.0mm optical lens, and the angle of optical lens is divided into a series of specification, be respectively 0 degree mirror, 12 degree mirrors, 30 degree mirrors, 70 degree mirrors, 110 degree mirrors, abundant scope series can be selected suitable scope according to patient's operation different situations for the doctor.
Be illustrated in figure 9 as and be applied to miniature ultrasonic probe 4 sketch maps of the present invention, miniature ultrasonic probe 4 comprises data wire coupling part 42, miniature ultrasonic probe end 41 and first end 411.
Be applied to cooperation axonometric chart of the present invention for miniature ultrasonic probe as shown in figure 10,35 the outlet 321 of instrument channel 32 in the scope main body 3 in the end, eyepiece input 31 is 35 optical lens 311 in the end, cold light source input 33 is 35 light-conductive optic fibre outlet 331 in the end, miniature ultrasonic probe 4 enters by the instrument channel 32 of main body scope 3, stretches out from end 35 outlets 321 of main body scope 3.
Figure 11 enters the operation sketch map of bladder 5 by ultrasonic cystoscope for miniature ultrasonic probe 4.Its concrete operating procedure is:
At first, the mirror sheath 1 fit tube sheath core pin 5 with ultrasonic cystoscope enters bladder 6 via patient's urethra;
Then, take-off pipe sheath core pin 5 cooperates operator 2 with mirror sheath 1, is platform with scope main body 3 with mirror sheath 1 and operator 2 then, enters bladder and observes;
At last, the instrument channel 32 of miniature ultrasonic probe 4 by scope main body 3 entered bladder smoothly, the first end 411 of miniature ultrasonic probe 4 can rotate and lengthwise movement, miniature ultrasonic probe is carried out real-time ultrasonic scanning from inside to outside to bladder, bladder carried out 360 ° circular scanning, linear scanning or three-dimensional reconstruction, make that miniature ultrasonic probe more can be directly near focus, in addition, adopt the clear lesions showed of high frequency technique, thereby determine position, size, outward appearance and scope that focus exists, improve the accuracy of BLOBS bladder observation, diagnosis, operation.

Claims (8)

1. ultrasonic cystoscope, comprise the scope main body, described scope main body comprises hard scope end, and the instrument channel that is communicated with the scope end, cold light source input and eyepiece input, it is characterized in that: described scope main body is provided with the mirror sheath outward, be connected with the operator that has at least one instrument channel on the described mirror sheath, be provided with the miniature ultrasonic probe that is used for bladder is carried out real-time ultrasonic scanning in the instrument channel of described scope main body; Described mirror sheath comprises mirror sheath end and mirror sheath elder generation end, and two fluid passages that are communicated with mirror sheath end, and the end profiles of described mirror sheath is non-circular, and mirror sheath elder generation end is blunt shape structural design; Two individual instruments passages that described operator comprises the operator end and is communicated with its end, the afterbody of described operator is provided with the locking device that is connected with the scope main body.
2. ultrasonic cystoscope according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the afterbody of described mirror sheath is provided with and manages the locking device that sheath core pin is connected.
3. ultrasonic cystoscope according to claim 2 is characterized in that: described mirror sheath tip lengths is 180~220mm, and the profile of end is non-circular, maximum gauge 8.4mm, minimum diameter 6.6mm.
4. ultrasonic cystoscope according to claim 3 is characterized in that: between two instrument channel of described operator and the axis of operator end in angle of 45 degrees, and the angle between two instrument channel greater than 60 the degree.
5. ultrasonic cystoscope according to claim 4 is characterized in that: the external diameter of described operator end is 6.4mm, and its tip lengths is 200~230mm, and the instrument channel diameter of described operator is 3.0mm.
6. according to the described ultrasonic cystoscope of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the eyepiece input of described scope main body becomes the angle of 135 degree with the axis of scope main body, its cold light source input is vertical with the centrage of scope, and described cold light source input and eyepiece input design the both sides in scope main body axis respectively.
7. ultrasonic cystoscope according to claim 6 is characterized in that; The outer end diameter of described scope main body is 6.2mm, the instrument channel of scope main body, diameter are 2.5~3.2mm, and scope adopts 2.5~3.0mm optical lens, and the angle of optical lens is divided into a series of specification, is respectively 0 degree mirror, 12 degree mirrors, 30 degree mirrors, 70 degree mirrors, 110 degree mirrors.
8. ultrasonic cystoscope according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described miniature ultrasonic probe comprises the data wire union joint, probe end and the first end of probe, and the first end of popping one's head in is effective district of scanning, miniature ultrasonic probe can be done annular and linear scanning.
CN2009100406832A 2009-06-30 2009-06-30 Ultrasonic cystoscope Active CN101606852B (en)

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WO2011097870A1 (en) * 2010-02-12 2011-08-18 广州市番禺区胆囊病研究所 Integrated confocal microscopic hard endoscope system
CN101803904A (en) * 2010-03-16 2010-08-18 广州市番禺区胆囊病研究所 Integrated rigid ultrasonic cystoscope system
WO2011113258A1 (en) * 2010-03-16 2011-09-22 广州市番禺区胆囊病研究所 Integrated hard ultrasonic endoscope system
CN101912252A (en) * 2010-07-15 2010-12-15 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 Hard microwave cystoscope system
CN102631184B (en) * 2010-07-15 2014-11-05 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 Diagnosis and treat integral confocal cystoscope system
CN102551882A (en) * 2010-07-15 2012-07-11 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 Hard laser arthroscopy system
CN102008328B (en) * 2010-12-30 2012-07-25 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 Integrative color doppler ultrasound electronic ureteroscope system
CN102008324B (en) * 2010-12-30 2012-05-30 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 Hard cystoscope system with color Doppler ultrasonic scanning function
CN102068232B (en) * 2011-01-28 2013-04-10 周均洪 Combined rigid ureteroscope
WO2013062039A1 (en) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-02 オリンパスメディカルシステムズ株式会社 Ultrasonic observation device
CN103767664A (en) * 2012-10-18 2014-05-07 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 Hard multichannel three-dimensional cystoscope system
CN105167808A (en) * 2015-09-02 2015-12-23 上海爱声生物医疗科技有限公司 Transurethral ultrasound prostate detection method, diagnostic apparatus and transducer
CN105125238B (en) * 2015-09-02 2018-03-02 上海爱声生物医疗科技有限公司 A kind of transurethral bladder supersonic detection method, diagnostic equipment and transducer
CN107019819A (en) * 2017-04-12 2017-08-08 于建宏 A kind of apparatus for being used to draw Bladder Content
CN109770832B (en) * 2019-02-27 2023-11-21 爱尔博微视(上海)医疗科技有限公司 Superfine electronic endoscope system with guiding function and using method thereof
CN110638417A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-01-03 上海市第一人民医院 Bladder tumor positioning scanning reconstruction system

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CN201445530U (en) * 2009-06-30 2010-05-05 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 ultrasonic cystoscope

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CN201445530U (en) * 2009-06-30 2010-05-05 广州宝胆医疗器械科技有限公司 ultrasonic cystoscope

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