CN101598624B - High-efficiency high pressure gas leak detection method - Google Patents

High-efficiency high pressure gas leak detection method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101598624B
CN101598624B CN2009100867097A CN200910086709A CN101598624B CN 101598624 B CN101598624 B CN 101598624B CN 2009100867097 A CN2009100867097 A CN 2009100867097A CN 200910086709 A CN200910086709 A CN 200910086709A CN 101598624 B CN101598624 B CN 101598624B
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CN
China
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pressure
card
pressurized container
gas
liquid
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CN2009100867097A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101598624A (en
Inventor
马怀兵
王立志
张福祥
周理志
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安东石油技术(集团)有限公司
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Publication of CN101598624A publication Critical patent/CN101598624A/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a high-efficiency high pressure gas leak detection method, comprising the generation process of high pressure tracer gas and the detection process of the leak tightness of a joint on a device or a pipeline by the high pressure tracer gas; in the generation process, a container is filled with quantitative tracer gas, then liquid with pressure is led into the container, and the liquid is used for compressing the tracer gas to facilitate the pressure of the tracer gas to be raised to a set pressure value so as to turn into constant pressure tracer gas; in the detection process, inner confined space and outer confined space are established on the joint to be detected on the device or the pipeline to be detected, the inner confined space is at least provided with an inlet for injecting the constant pressure tracer gas, the outer confined space is provided with a port which is connected with a detector, and whether the tracer gas leaking from the inner confined space exists in the outer confined space is detected by the detector. The invention finds a very reliable method for petroleum industry field high pressure gas detection and achieves the aim of field leak detection by combining various processes.

Description

A kind of gases at high pressure leak hunting method

Technical field

The invention belongs to high-voltage tube string sealing detection range, especially industrial gas oil tubing string and string of casing sealing detection range provide a kind of can be fast detected gas being increased to high pressure or UHV (ultra-high voltage) to detect the gas leak detection method of tubing string and string of casing sealing.

Background technology

Pressure duct is after pipe couples together or repairs, often need the sealing detection is carried out in its connection or reparation position, for example need to finish the conveying of oil gas in the petroleum industry with oil pipe and sleeve pipe and aid thereof, tubing string and string of casing are exactly oil pipe and sleeve pipe and the aid that links together, they constitute the passage that oil gas flows, and this pipe string is collectively referred to as tubing string or string of casing.In order to guarantee that the oil gas in oil well and the gas well flows out oil well or gas well according to the channel security of designing requirement, tubing string and string of casing just all need good sealing.

The way that guarantees the sealing of tubing string or string of casing in the prior art is: in the laboratory the pin thread and the box of every oil pipe or sleeve pipe or aid, be connected with male joint with the mother of standard respectively, set up confined space, in oil pipe or sleeve pipe confined space, inject a certain amount of high pressure detected gas then, water submergence oil pipe or sleeve pipe or aid again, oil pipe or sleeve pipe or aid do not emit bubble within a certain period of time, and the sealing of oil pipe or sleeve pipe or aid screw thread is described.Detect qualified after, again oil pipe or sleeve pipe or aid are unloaded from joint, be transported to the working-yard respectively and use.In the working-yard, oil field, oil pipe or sleeve pipe or aid are joined together to form the tubing string string by root.Above-mentioned detection method can not be used at the scene, just play for the connecting thread on oil pipe or the sleeve pipe in the check of setting the sealing after whether can satisfying connection under the high pressure, promptly check screw thread whether qualified, and the sealing of the actual tubing string junction screw thread that couples together in scene is not tested, breadboard detection conclusion can only illustrate that connecting thread can meet the requirements of seal degree, but can not guarantee that but the sealing situation of reality that the scene is lowered to the screw thread of oil pipe in the oil gas well or sleeve pipe or aid is good.

Summary of the invention

The objective of the invention is to improve prior art and have circumscribed problem, a kind of on-the-spot needs that satisfy are provided, carry out the leak hunting method of gases at high pressure efficiently that sealing detects for the devices such as pipe string that couple together at the scene.

The object of the present invention is achieved like this:

The leak hunting method of gases at high pressure efficiently provided by the invention: it is included in the generative process of on-the-spot high pressure detected gas and with the testing process of this high pressure detected gas for connecting portion sealing on equipment or the pipeline.The generative process of described high pressure detected gas is a detected gas of injecting set amount in a container earlier, subsequently, injects the liquid with pressure again in this container, by this liquid compression detected gas, the pressure of detected gas is brought up to setup pressure value; Described testing process, it is connecting portion to be detected on detected equipment or pipeline, set up inside and outside two confined spaces, on interior confined space, be provided with import, be used for injecting described detected gas and make that wherein air pressure reaches detection required pressure value, seal cavity is provided with interface outside, be used for connecting can the perception detected gas detecting device, by detecting device check whether have in the confined space outside comfortable in the confined space detected gas of leaking.

Can also be according to the increase of tracer element parameter in the detected gas, the degree that quantitative test connecting thread button leaks.

Equipment in this leak hunting method comprises: a power section, an accumulator and a testing tool.

Described power section comprises a water pump;

Described accumulator comprises a detected gas container, it is pressurized container, there are low pressure detected gas inlet port and high pressure detected gas escape hole in its upper end, low pressure detected gas inlet port is connected with source of the gas by draft tube, high pressure detected gas escape hole is connected with testing tool by high-pressure exhaust pipe, the pressurized container lower end is provided with a high pressure liquid import and a leakage fluid dram, and this high pressure liquid import exports by the high pressure liquid that feed tube connects described water pump, connects discharging tube on the leakage fluid dram.On each connecting line, be provided with the control corresponding valve member, enter and discharge this pressurized container, and low-pressure gas enters pressurized container and gases at high pressure enter testing tool from the pressurized container discharge with the control high pressure liquid;

Described testing tool comprises card envelope instrument and detected set air-casing.Card envelope instrument is arranged on the inside of tubing string to be detected or string of casing or auxiliary pipe, is positioned the both sides of the connecting thread button part that may leak to be checked, in order to set up the interior confined space that can charge into detected gas or to claim plenum space; Described detected set air-casing is arranged on tubing string or string of casing or aid outside, is positioned the connecting thread button position that may leak, and it is covered in wherein, and foundation can detect the outside confined space of leakage or claim to detect the space; High-pressure exhaust pipe on plenum space and the pressurized container links, and makes the high pressure detected gas enter.The detector of itself and detected gas is linked detecting on the space by being provided with pipeline;

This leak hunting method comprises following operation steps:

Step 1. is injected detected gas in the pressurized container of accumulator;

Step 2. starts high-pressure hydraulic pump, and high pressure liquid stream is entered the pressurized container from the high pressure liquid import of pressurized container, and compression detected gas wherein is to set pressure;

In described step 1 front and back or step 1 and/or in the step 2, on connecting portion to be checked on equipment or the pipeline, set up described plenum space simultaneously and detect the space;

Step 3. allows the described detected gas in the pressurized container enter plenum space and forms high pressure, when plenum space pressure reaches the design detected pressures, that is: finishes the level pressure detected gas and makes up, and stops to supply gas; In this step, according to the pressure of the detected gas in the pressurized container or stop described high-pressure hydraulic pump, perhaps continue to start high-pressure hydraulic pump;

Step 4. by with detect detecting instrument that the space is connected and detect and whether have detected gas to enter into the detection space from the fine duct of plenum space by detected part, thereby determine detected part and under the design detected pressures, whether have leakage, and/or, change the degree that quantitative test connecting thread button leaks according to the concentration of trace elements in the gas leakage;

After the leak detection at a detection position is finished, described testing tool is unloaded from this detection position.Specific practice is preferably:

Step 5. is opened the leakage fluid dram discharge opeing of pressurized container, discharging liquid wherein, close the discharge opeing operation valve then, allow the high pressure detected gas turn back to pressurized container from plenum space automatically, step-down is a low-pressure gas, close the pressurized container exhausr port, open the bleed-off valve that is provided with to the high pressure line between the plenum space from the pressurized container exhausr port, drain its inner unnecessary low pressure detected gas;

Step 6. is removed the card envelope of card envelope instrument, and described card envelope instrument is taken out from detecting the position.Unload the gas collection cover simultaneously; Afterwards, power cut-off.

After the leak detection that one of pipe string detects the position is finished, will block envelope instrument and detected set air-casing again and move on to another leak detection position, testing tool is arranged on constitutes described plenum space and detection space on this leak detection position, repeat said method then.If the air pressure in the pressurized container can also satisfy the needs of leak detection, can be from above-mentioned steps 3.If the air pressure deficiency then begins to get final product from above-mentioned steps 1 or step 2.

Described card envelope instrument comprises that two is inflatable and the pipeline both sides at described detection position are closed the card sealing that constitutes described plenum space by feeding fluid.Further, described card envelope instrument can be to be converted to axial thrust by the pressure that injects fluid, and then the card sealing that makes it to expand.

Particularly, described card sealing can be to comprise that an elasticity packing element and one make described elastic gum barrel dliameter to expansion and the piston-cylinder apparatus of sealed tube passage both sides by feeding fluid.

During the described card envelope instrument of use by the card sealing that injects fluid and expand, in the described leak hunting method, increase a step of setting up plenum space, be about to card envelope instrument and be arranged in the tubing string, two cover card sealings are positioned to detect the both sides at position, then, in the card sealing, inject fluid, make packing element wherein be radially expanded,, form airtight plenum space until being adjacent to tube wall.After the leak detection at a detection of pipe string position is finished, the detected gas of putting plenum space earlier, up to the pressure and the atmospheric pressure balance of plenum space, the fluid that will block in the sealing is again emitted subsequently, to unload described card envelope instrument.Move on to after another detects position will blocking the envelope instrument, will in the card sealing, charge into fluid earlier, set up plenum space, in it, charge into the detected gas of set pressure again at the leak detection position.

A kind of preferable card envelope instrument can be:

Described card envelope instrument comprises two cover card sealing and newels, and described newel also can be the hollow center pipe that vertically has through hole.At this, newel and pipe core are equal to.Two cover card sealings are sleeved on the rigid central post.Every cover card sealing comprises a rigidity sliding sleeve and one group of elastic material packing element.Described packing element and described sliding sleeve in every cover card sealing are set on the described newel, the outer end of described sliding sleeve and packing element is at newel upper edge axial limiting, but can make this sliding sleeve and packing element along axial displacement in the newel outer wall setpoint distance, tolerance clearance between described sliding sleeve and the newel is set as a cavity, and this cavity is by being installed in two O-ring seal sealings of setting-in on described sliding sleeve inwall and the described newel respectively; On the newel of described cavity correspondence, be provided with a fluid intake; Described fluid intake on the two cover card sealings is communicated with the input duct in the newel.To described chamber, feed fluid from described fluid input duct with certain pressure, make and slide over the extruding packing element that slides on the newel, make packing element under axle pressure, be radially expanded the chucking tube wall and form described plenum space, finish will be when tubing string be pulled down the card sealing when leak detection, discharge the fluid in the cavity, packing element resets by self resilient radial, restores to the original state, the convenient dismounting.On the newel outer wall between the two card sealings, also be provided with a gas feed, it also is the import of plenum space detected gas, it connects the inflation duct in newel or the pipe core, this inflation duct is provided with the detected gas import of port as card envelope instrument on card envelope instrument, be connected with gases at high pressure vent pipe on the pressurized container.

Further, near sliding sleeve, the other end leans against on the elasticity control loop that preferably also is arranged with on the newel at the above packing element one end of newel, in fluid compression packing element, also compresses described elasticity control loop.When leak detection finishes to pull down the card sealing, fluid to be discharged from described cavity, described control loop loses at sliding sleeve under the state of axial force, can provide enough auxiliary packing elements of elastic force axially to reset.

Use card envelope instrument, the fluid that feeds in its card sealing can be a liquid, preferred water.To be with press liquid to inject the card sealing by water pump, the path of flow of liquid warp is: the high pressure liquid vent pipe pipe of this water pump--the import of the described card sealing the in-described card envelope instrument; Before step 3, open this water pump, to card sealing internal-filling liquid body, be adjacent to tube wall until the card sealing, form plenum space; After the leak detection at a detection of pipe string position is finished, the liquid in the card sealing is emitted, to unload described card envelope testing tool.

In the card sealing, import highly pressurised liquid if utilize the water pump that high pressure liquid is provided in pressurized container, then the pipeline path of flow of liquid warp is: a high-pressure liquid line that picks out from the described feed tube of pressurized container, be connected to the import of card sealing, on this high pressure liquid pipeline operation valve be set; Carrying out step 2 when pressurized container input water under high pressure improves that wherein detected gas pressure is to design pressure, pass through described high-pressure liquid tube water-filling in the card sealing simultaneously or successively, be adjacent to tube wall until card sealing packing element, form plenum space, stop for liquid to the card sealing by operation valve.Provide the step of highly pressurised liquid constant to pressurized container.

The fluid that feeds in the card sealing also can be a gas, by air pump with in the gas input card sealing.

If utilize the detected gas in the pressurized container to make the packing element in the card sealing expand, then can on the high-pressure exhaust pipe of pressurized container, set up a branch road, the import of Connection Card sealing is provided with operation valve on this branch road; In step 2, when the air pressure of detected gas in the pressurized container reaches the required pressure of card sealing card envelope, this detected gas is fed the card sealing, pressure in the card sealing reaches and is adjacent to tube wall, form till the plenum space, and then cause wherein to plenum space input detected gas that pressure reaches the set pressure that leak detection needs.

Using described card envelope instrument and using detected gas is a preferable scheme as the card envelope fluid in the card sealing, like this can be so that equipment is simple, easy to operate.In this scheme, the path of flowing through that is used to the detected gas of card sealing is: the high-pressure exhaust pipe on pressurized container to the card envelope fluid inlet end of card envelope instrument, arrives the fluid intake of described cavity to pressure duct again.In step 2, compress the detected gas in the pressurized container earlier, air pressure reaches card sealing card envelope and forms the required pressure of plenum space, makes detected gas be introduced in the card sealing by the control valve member on the connecting line; After treating that plenum space is set up, continue completing steps 2 again, make that the air pressure in the pressurized container reaches the required pressure of leak detection.

In this preferred version, after a leak detection position leak detection is finished, make at least a portion liquid discharge in the pressurized container by described operation valve earlier, reduce the pressurized container internal pressure, open the control valve member on the high-pressure exhaust pipe again, make described plenum space or flow back in the pressurized container together with the detected gas in the described card sealing.By dischargeing the gas in the card sealing, will block sealing and take off.When being hunted leak in another position if desired, should block sealing and be arranged on this place, repeat above-mentioned steps, if the air pressure in the pressurized container is set pressure, then wherein gas charges in the card sealing sliding sleeve, set up plenum space at the detection position, in plenum space, charge into detected gas again and hunt leak.If air pressure is lower in the pressurized container, then need to switch on the pump, make that the air pressure of air pressure raising in plenum space in the pressurized container reaches set pressure.

The preferred helium of described detected gas.

When adopting above-mentioned preferred version, detect finish after, can by connect pipeline between described card sealing and the pressurized container will block in the sealing with plenum space in detected gas send back in the pressurized container.Particularly, can be earlier the liquid in the pressurized container be discharged, reduce the pressurized container internal pressure by operation valve, like this, plenum space or will flow back in the pressurized container together with the detected gas in the card sealing.

Should put the detected gas of plenum space during operation earlier,, discharge the gas in the card sealing again up to the pressure and the atmospheric pressure balance of plenum space.

One group of control valve member is set respectively on gases at high pressure escape hole in the pressurized container on the described accumulator and the high pressure liquid liquid return hole.

Be respectively arranged with retaining valve on inlet in described pressurized container and the air intake opening.

Specifically, described pressurized container can be one can bear the closed shell of high pressure or UHV (ultra-high voltage), preferred body, and it is made by good mechanical property, high-quality steel with higher load performance.Use described body to make described pressurized container, one port of this body is set as described low pressure detected gas inlet port and high pressure detected gas escape hole, the another port is set as a described high pressure liquid import and a leakage fluid dram, descending in a last and described high pressure liquid import and a leakage fluid dram in order to ensure described low pressure detected gas inlet port and high pressure detected gas escape hole, then described body is for having the oblique placement in certain inclination angle with surface level.The preferred 10-60 in described angle of inclination °.

Particularly, two ports of described pressurized container, the superposed porting of the first is about to high-pressure exhaust and low-pressure gas import and merges into a gas port.This gas port is divided into two interfaces after connecting a high voltage bearing threeway, connects high-pressure exhaust pipe and low-pressure inlet pipe respectively.On low-pressure inlet pipe, establish the retaining valve and the operation valve that end to the source of the gas direction from pressurized container; On high-pressure exhaust pipe, establish control valve member and blowdown valve; If card envelope instrument is to block envelope with detected gas, then add a threeway on the high-pressure exhaust pipe behind the operation valve again, the card envelope fluid inlet end on an interface Connection Card of all the other of this threeway envelope instrument; It two is the leakage fluid drams that advance that are positioned at the bottom, is about to high pressure liquid import and leakage fluid dram and merges into a liquid mouth.This liquid mouth is divided into two interfaces after connecting a high voltage bearing threeway, connects described feed tube and discharging tube respectively.Retaining valve and the operation valve that ends to the water pump direction from pressurized container is set on feed tube, on discharging tube, establishes the control valve member; If card envelope instrument is that water blocks envelope, then on feed tube, add a threeway again, interface of all the other of threeway is established operation valve and blowdown valve by pipeline Connection Card sealing fluid inlet end on it.One wire rope is fixed on the card envelope instrument, so that instrument is proposed and put into pipe string to be measured inside; The detected set air-casing is used to cover on the detected part outside, collects from detecting the detected gas that reveal at the position.

Described power section comprises engine or the motor that power is provided, and can also comprise the hydraulic pump and the pneumatic pump that may need in the use.

Equipment in this leak hunting method can also comprise control desk.Each control element of control desk boundling, each operation valve in the connection leak test plant and the power switch element of power section.

Detecting instrument is the high sensitivity instrument that can detect the detected gas concentration change delicately.

Related detected gas can be helium, argon gas and other inert gases in the leak hunting method provided by the invention, preferred helium.Be the saving cost, the mixed gas of available helium and nitrogen, concentrations of helium is not less than 5%, and helium is a tracer gas.Be complementary with it, detect the concentrations of helium that detects in the space by detecting instrument and whether surpass normal concentrations of helium in the air, the decidable detected part has or not leakage according to this, and according to the variable quantity of concentrations of helium, the degree that quantitative test is leaked.

Gas leak detection method provided by the invention, producing highly pressurised liquid by high-pressure hydraulic pump is input in the pressurized container of accumulator, highly pressurised liquid forms the detected gas in the liquid piston extruding pressurized container, make its pressure can be elevated to desired high pressure rapidly, the high pressure detected gas is transported in the plenum space between testing tool and the position to be checked by high pressure line, thereby just can make things convenient for, measure reliably tested position whether leakage is arranged.Carry high pressure liquid stream to improve the air pressure of detected gas by high-pressure hydraulic pump to accumulator in this method, as long as select suitable water pump, just the pressure of gas in the accumulator can be elevated to setting value, and, can improve the pressure of detected gas in the accumulator fast and efficiently by such step-up method.Use this method, each detection time can finish in 1-2 minute.And existing other detection technique each detection time is no less than 10 minutes, and does not reach very high gas detection pressure.

The present invention will be further described below by drawings and Examples.

Description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of used accumulator and propulsion system in the leak hunting method of gases at high pressure efficiently provided by the invention;

Fig. 2 be include as described in Figure 1 accumulator, propulsion system and source of the gas and the structural representation of an embodiment of testing tool;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of used card envelope instrument in the leak hunting method of gases at high pressure efficiently provided by the invention;

The pipeline structure synoptic diagram of accumulator when Fig. 4 passes through to constitute plenum space in as shown in Figure 3 the card sealing for utilizing detected gas in the leak hunting method provided by the invention;

Fig. 5 is the pipeline structure synoptic diagram of accumulator for utilizing the high-pressure hydraulic pump that produces the high pressure detected gas to charge into liquid formation plenum space in the leak hunting method provided by the invention in the card sealing.

Embodiment

The leak hunting method of gases at high pressure efficiently provided by the invention is to carry out in the equipment that comprises a power section, an accumulator and a testing tool, comprises in this equipment:

Power section, it comprises a water pump, water pump uses engine to be suitable for site work in the open air by engine or motor-driven;

Described testing tool comprises card envelope instrument and detected set air-casing.

Accumulator comprises a pressurized container, and high pressure detected gas escape hole and low pressure detected gas inlet port are arranged on it, and high pressure detected gas escape hole is connected with card envelope instrument by high-pressure exhaust pipe, and low pressure detected gas inlet port is connected with source of the gas by draft tube; The pressurized container lower end is provided with a highly pressurised liquid import and a leakage fluid dram, and this high pressure liquid import exports by the high pressure liquid that feed tube connects the power section water pump, and leakage fluid dram connects discharging tube.Be provided with the control corresponding valve member on each connecting line, high pressure liquid enters and discharges this pressurized container and low-pressure gas enters pressurized container and gases at high pressure are discharged the card envelope instrument that enters from pressurized container to control; If card envelope instrument is to block envelope with detected gas, then threeway of the company of inserting behind the operation valve on the high-pressure exhaust pipe increases an interface by threeway, comes the card envelope import on the Connection Card envelope instrument; If card envelope instrument is to block envelope with liquid, then threeway of the company of inserting on feed tube, an interface Connection Card sealing liquid fluid line of increase is established operation valve and blowdown valve on it;

Card envelope instrument is arranged on the inside of tubing string to be detected or string of casing or auxiliary pipe, is positioned the both sides of the connecting thread button part that may leak to be checked, in order to set up the interior confined space that can charge into detected gas or to claim plenum space; Described detected set air-casing is arranged on tubing string or string of casing or aid outside, is positioned the connecting thread button position that may leak, and it is covered in wherein, and foundation can detect the outside confined space of leakage or claim to detect the space.High-pressure exhaust pipe on the pressurized container of plenum space and accumulator links, and makes the high pressure detected gas enter.Detecting the space links by pipeline and detecting instrument.

Concrete equipment as shown in Figure 1, the accumulator in this equipment comprises a pressurized container 1, it is a body, is made by the high-quality steel, good mechanical property has higher bearing capacity.Use described body to make described pressurized container, one port of this body is set as described low pressure detected gas inlet port and high pressure detected gas escape hole, the another port is set as a described high pressure liquid import and a leakage fluid dram, descending in a last and described high pressure liquid import and a leakage fluid dram in order to ensure described low pressure detected gas inlet port and high pressure detected gas escape hole, then described body is and surface level has the oblique placement in certain inclination angle.The preferred 10-60 in described angle of inclination °.

Concrete, as shown in Figure 1, comprise on this pressurized container 1 that an air inlet/outlet 11 and a high pressure liquid advance leakage fluid dram 12, this high pressure liquid is advanced an interface that connects a three-way piece 120 on the leakage fluid dram 12, all the other two interfaces, one of them is a high pressure liquid inlet 121, connect feed tube L1, it is provided with the retaining valve F 1 that ends to the water pump direction from pressurized container and also passes through the high pressure liquid outlet that pipeline L1 connects water pump 2, second interface is liquid return hole 122, connect discharging tube L2, connect operation valve D1 on it and also be connected with the liquid return hole of water tank 21 by discharging tube L2.An interface that connects a threeway 13 on the air inlet/outlet 11 on the pressurized container 1; Two other interface of this threeway, one is detected gas air intake opening 14, establish draft tube L3 on it and connect the helium source of the gas, in the instantiation air feed gas cylinder 6 (referring to Fig. 2), on this air intake opening, be provided with the retaining valve F2 that ends to the source of the gas direction from pressurized container, on draft tube L3, be provided with air intake control valve D5; Another interface in the threeway 13 is a gases at high pressure escape hole 15, connects high-pressure exhaust pipe L4, and it connects a testing tool 3 (referring to Fig. 2) by high-pressure exhaust pipe L4, is provided with an emptying branch road L5 on this pipeline.On high-pressure exhaust pipe L4, be provided with operation valve D4, on emptying branch road L5, be provided with emptying operation valve D3 (referring to Fig. 2);

In leak test plant as shown in Figure 2, this testing tool 3 comprises card envelope instrument 31 and detected set air-casing 32, described card envelope instrument 31 is arranged on the inside of tubing string or string of casing 4 or aid, the both sides of part a are positioned to wait to hunt leak, described detected set air-casing 32 is arranged on tubing string or string of casing 4 or aid outside, to treat that the leak detection part covers in wherein, promptly constitute two seal cavities in the inside and outside both sides of waiting to hunt leak partly, in interior plenum space 41 and detection space 42 outside, and the adapter L4 on the gases at high pressure escape hole 15 on this plenum space 41 and the pressurized container 1 is communicated with, make the detected gas of high pressure enter into plenum space 41, detected set air-casing 32 is used for collecting from screw thread reveals and enters the detected gas that detects space 42, passes through pipeline 51 joint detection gas detecting instruments 5 by interface 321 on detection space 42.

Gases at high pressure escape hole 15 connecting line L4 on the pressurized container 1, and penetrate hermetically between 31 to two cards of card envelope instrument sealing, gases at high pressure passage thus enter in the plenum space 41.The two-port of detected set air-casing 32 is close to the both sides that outer wall is arranged on threaded joints, thus, on oil pipe or sleeve pipe 4, constitute inside and outside two seal cavities, that is: a plenum space 41 and a detection space 42, be provided with interface 321 on gas collection cover 32, it connects the interface 51 of a leak locator 5.

This leak detection step is as follows:

Step 1. is opened operation valve D5, emits detected gas from gas cylinder 6--and helium, inject detected gas by pipeline L3 in the pressurized container 1 of described accumulator;

Step 2. starts high-pressure hydraulic pump 2, and high pressure liquid stream is entered the pressurized container 1 from the accumulator bottom by pipeline L1 and retaining valve F1, and compression detected gas wherein is to detecting required set pressure;

In described step 1 front and back or step 1 and/or in the step 2, on connecting portion to be checked on equipment or the pipeline, set up described plenum space simultaneously and detect the space; The description that this step is specifically seen below.

Step 3. is opened the gases at high pressure escape hole on the pressurized container, that is: opening controlling valve D4, the described plenum space 41 of high pressure detected gas in the pressurized container 1 being sent into card envelope instrument 31 forms high pressure, when plenum space 41 pressure reach the design detected pressures, stops to supply gas;

Step 4. leaves standstill certain hour, and whether the detecting instrument detection that transference detects the space connection has detected gas to enter into detection space 42 from plenum space 41 by detected part a, under the design detected pressures whether leakage is arranged thereby determine detected part a.

After the leak detection of a detection of pipe string position a is finished, carry out following steps:

Step 5. is opened the operation valve D1 discharge opeing on the leakage fluid dram of pressurized container, discharging liquid wherein, close discharge opeing operation valve D1 then, allow the high pressure detected gas turn back to pressurized container from plenum space automatically, step-down is a low-pressure gas, close the pressurized container exhausr port and promptly close operation valve D4 on the high pressure gas pipeline, open the bleed-off valve D4 that is provided with to the high pressure line between the plenum space from the pressurized container exhausr port, drain its inner unnecessary low pressure detected gas;

Step 6. is removed the card envelope of card envelope instrument, and described card envelope instrument is taken out from detecting the position.

After the leak detection that one of pipe string detects the position is finished, will block envelope instrument and detected set air-casing again and move on to another leak detection position, the envelope instrument be will block and described plenum space of formation and detection space on this leak detection position will be arranged on, repeat said method then.If the air pressure in the pressurized container can also satisfy the needs of leak detection, can be from above-mentioned steps 3.If the air pressure deficiency then begins to get final product from above-mentioned steps 1 or step 2.

Described card envelope instrument can be to be converted to axial thrust by the pressure that injects fluid, and then is converted to the card sealing that radial force makes it to expand.On two card sealings, be provided with fluid inlet, during use, in the card sealing, feed gas or liquid, make this card sealing expand, thereby in tubing string, wait to hunt leak both sides, position shutoff pipe, form plenum space.And the pipeline that feeds detected gas in plenum space passes one of them card sealing and plenum space UNICOM.

During the described card envelope instrument of use by the card sealing that injects fluid and expand, in the described leak hunting method, increase a step of setting up plenum space, be about to card envelope instrument and be arranged in the tubing string, two cover card sealings are positioned to detect the both sides at position, then, in the card sealing, inject fluid, packing element in the card sealing is expanded,, form airtight plenum space until being adjacent to tube wall.

Described card envelope instrument can be as shown in Figure 3, comprises that two cover card sealings 33 and newel 310, two cover card sealings 33 are sleeved on the rigid central post 310, are symmetrical distribution.Two packing elements 332 that every cover card sealing 33 is stacked up and down by a rigidity sliding sleeve 331, one group and elasticity control loop 333 are preferably formed.Elasticity control loop 333 outside in the two cover card sealings 33, sliding sleeve 331 is clipped in the middle packing element 332 interior.

Be installed with plug 335 at the two ends of newel 310, sheathed locating sleeve 336 on newel between the two cover card sealings 33, this plug and locating sleeve and newel are fixing can not to slide.Make elasticity control loop 333, sliding sleeve 331 and packing elements 332 in the two secondary card sealings 33 be limited in the zone on the newel 310 by plug 335 and locating sleeve 336, sliding sleeve 331, packing element 332 can have certain axial displacement along newel 310.

Packing element 332 can be radially expanded under squeezing action, the effect of the pipe that the card lifting envelope is to be hunted leak.Be provided with an annular space between sliding sleeve 331 and the newel 310, the setting-in respectively of passing through of this annular space is installed in two O-ring seals 339 on described sliding sleeve inwall and the described newel, will seal between sliding sleeve and the newel, constitutes a closed cavity b; On the newel tube wall of described cavity b correspondence, be provided with a fluid intake e, two described fluid intake e that block on the sealing are communicated with newel 310 interior envelope input ducts 334, this input duct 334 is provided with card envelope fluid inlet, the envelope of drawing well again import c, be arranged on the plug 335, be connected with the fluid-transporting tubing of the device of importing the fluid that makes that the card sealing expands.In newel 310, also be provided with inflation duct 337, one port d is arranged on the plug 335, another port 338 is set in place on the newel lateral wall between two card sealings, as plenum space detected gas import 338, this inflation duct 337 is connected with gases at high pressure vent pipe on the pressurized container.

The card of this card sealing envelope principle is: when fluid enters from fluid intake e in the described cavity b, hydrodynamic pressure promotes sliding sleeve and endwisely slips, thereby extruding packing element 332 is radially expanded, and can realize that card seals.After fluid is discharged from fluid intake e, when control loop 333 loses the state of axial force at sliding sleeve 331, provide enough auxiliary packing elements 332 of elastic force axially to reset, the card envelope is removed.If the elasticity control loop is not set, packing element 332 also can be realized radially resetting by self elasticity.

If the fluid that feeds in the card sealing is a water, then will be with setting-out to inject the card sealing by a water pump.Topping up body in the card sealing sliding sleeve cavity of card envelope instrument, promptly connect high-pressure liquid tube in the import setting of a card envelope instrument, the other end of high-pressure liquid tube connects water pump, and this water pump can be the water pump that water under high pressure is provided to pressurized container, also can be other water pump; Before step 3, open this water pump, to card sealing internal-filling liquid, be adjacent to tube wall until the card sealing, form plenum space.

In the card sealing, import water under high pressure if utilize the water pump 2 that water under high pressure is provided in increasing container, then its device as shown in Figure 5, on the fluid pipeline of the high pressure liquid entrance sleeve L1 of pressurized container 1 or high-pressure hydraulic pump, pick out an arm L1a, establish operation valve D6 on this arm, operation valve D6 back connects two arms by threeway, wherein arm is connected to the import that the seat envelope import c of card sealing in the testing tool as shown in Figure 3 promptly blocks sealing, another root pipe is a relief tube, establishes a draw-off valve D7 on it.Improve wherein to pressurized container input water under high pressure that detected gas pressure by arm L1a water-filling in the card sealing, is adjacent to tube wall until the card sealing in design pressure carrying out step 2, form plenum space, stop to supply water to the card sealing by operation valve.Provide the step of water under high pressure constant to pressurized container.After testing is finished, open draw-off valve D7, the water in the card sealing is discharged, the card sealing can be pulled down.Use above-mentioned card envelope instrument, current are by the road: to arm L1a, the import c to the card envelope instrument plug 335 is again to setting interior import e of sliding sleeve and sliding sleeve cavity b from the high pressure liquid entrance sleeve L1 of pressurized container.Mobile compression packing element by sliding sleeve expands.When carrying out step 2 design pressure, water-filling in the card sealing is adjacent to tube wall until card sealing packing element, forms plenum space.The water pump that remains in operation again reaches design pressure until pressurized container;

After the leak detection at a detection of pipe string position is finished, open draw-off valve D7, the water in the card sealing is emitted, to unload described card envelope instrument.At this moment, will block the envelope instrument and move on to after another detects position, will in the card sealing, charge into fluid earlier, set up plenum space, in it, charge into the detected gas of set pressure again at the leak detection position.

The fluid that feeds in the card sealing also can be a gas, by an air pump with in the gas input card sealing.

If utilize the detected gas in the pressurized container to make the packing element in the card sealing expand, then its device as shown in Figure 4, on the basis of earlier figures 1, on high-pressure exhaust pipe L4, connect a threeway, three connect a high pressure gas exhaust outlet L4 ' by this, a threeway is set on this arm L4 ' again picks out two pipeline sections, first high pressure gas vent pipe, be connected to and block envelope instrument seat of honour envelope import c as shown in Figure 3, it two is relief tubes, establish operation valve D8 on this arm L4 ', connect blowdown valve D9 on the relief tube.During use, in described leak hunting method, between step 2 and step 3, increase a step of setting up plenum space 41, be about to card envelope instrument and be arranged in the tubing string, two cover card sealings are positioned to detect the both sides at position, and the high pressure gas vent pipe that arm L4 ' connects connects the import c on the plug 335.In step 2, when the air pressure of detected gas in the pressurized container reaches the required pressure of card sealing card envelope, this detected gas is fed the card sealing, sliding sleeve is endwisely slipped, the extruding packing element expands, and is adjacent to tube wall until reaching packing element, forms till the airtight plenum space.Closed control valve D8 then, continue completing steps 2 more as described above, in pressurized container, inject liquid by high-pressure hydraulic pump 2, reach the required set pressure of leak detection up to wherein air pressure, the detected gas under plenum space input set pressure as described above just then, also can be after plenum space is set up on one side by high-pressure hydraulic pump to the detected gas supercharging in the pressurized container, on one side to plenum space input detected gas, reach the required pressure of hunting leak up to the pressure of plenum space.After testing is finished, can open blowdown valve D9, with the gas emptying in the card sealing.

In this preferred version, after a leak detection position leak detection is finished,, will block sealing and take off by dischargeing the gas in the card sealing.The detected gas of plenum space be should put during operation earlier,, gas or liquid in the card sealing discharged again up to the pressure and the atmospheric pressure balance of plenum space.

When being hunted leak in another position if desired, should block sealing and be arranged on this place, repeat above-mentioned steps, if the air pressure in the pressurized container is set pressure, then wherein gas charges in the card sealing sliding sleeve cavity, set up plenum space at the detection position, in plenum space, charge into detected gas again and hunt leak.If air pressure is lower in the pressurized container, then need to switch on the pump, make that the air pressure in the pressurized container reaches the pressure that needs.

Using described card envelope instrument and using detected gas is a preferable scheme as the card envelope fluid in the card sealing.

Described detected gas can be helium, argon gas and other inert gases, preferred helium.Be the saving cost, the mixed gas of available helium and nitrogen, concentrations of helium is not less than 5%, and helium is a tracer gas.Be complementary with it, detect the concentrations of helium that detects in the space by detecting instrument and whether surpass normal concentrations of helium in the air, the decidable detected part has or not leakage according to this, and according to the variable quantity of concentrations of helium, the degree that quantitative test is leaked.

When adopting above-mentioned preferred version, dismounting card sealing better method is by the draining valve on the pressurized container is opened, the detected gas that air pressure in the pressurized container is reduced in the relief card sealing is back in the pressurized container, and this is significant for for example using valuable tracer gas such as helium.Particularly, can be earlier by the liquid in the operation valve D 1 discharging pressurized container 1, reduce the pressurized container internal pressure, open operation valve D8 and D4 again, like this, plenum space or will flow back in the pressurized container together with the detected gas in the card sealing.

Above-mentioned each operation valve can be a solenoid electric valve, also can be pneumatic control valve, if solenoid electric valve, each solenoid electric valve connects control circuit, if pneumatic control valve, each pneumatic control valve also will connect pneumatic pipeline, and pneumatic pump is set the control source of the gas is provided.In as the equipment of Fig. 1, also comprise a control desk 7, which is provided with circuit board and connect each electromagnetism or pneumatic control valve, by the operating key 1,2,3,4,5 of the control panel on the operating console, can correspondingly control corresponding electromagnetism or pneumatic control valve, implement following leak hunting method.

This is gases at high pressure leak hunting method following (with reference to Fig. 2) efficiently:

Step 1. is opened operation valve D5, and simultaneously closed control valve D1 and D4 inject detected gas in the pressurized container 1 of accumulator 1, and this detected gas can be to contain helium to be not less than 5% the nitrogen and the mixed gas of helium, and its pressure is generally 2-5MPa; This helium provides by gas cylinder 6.Closed control valve D5 after air feed is finished.

In order to guarantee that air water does not mix, in step 1, the admission pressure of pressurized container or air inflow also are to need control, and the size of this air inflow or admission pressure is that the external diameter of the volume according to pressurized container, the size of detected pressures, the internal diameter that detects oil pipe (sleeve pipe), card envelope instrument waits and measures.Total requirement is a water breakthrough not in the card envelope instrument when detecting, water breakthrough whether when seeing card envelope instrument deblocking, and throughput is advisable with water breakthrough not.

Step 2. starts water pump 2, High-Pressure Water is by retaining valve F1, enter the pressurized container from the water under high pressure water inlet 121 of accumulator 1, compression detected gas wherein, air pressure reaches the card sealing can form the required pressure of plenum space, that is: the card seal pressure of setting, at this moment, open operation valve D8, card sealing card envelope; The valve D8 that will lead on the pipeline of card sealing closes, and opens water pump 2 simultaneously, and detected gas in the pressurized container is continued to be forced into set pressure, i.e. detected pressures;

Step 3. is opened the gases at high pressure escape hole 15 on the pressurized container 1, promptly opens operation valve D4, and gases at high pressure are sent into plenum space 41, reaches the design detected pressures up to plenum space, and closed control valve D4 voltage stabilizing certain hour for example is 20-30 second.

These gases at high pressure can use according to the purposes associated line, and it is one of purposes that the present invention is used for leak detection, can also be used for other purposes, for example is used for the pressure testing of pressure vessel etc.

Step 4. is overlapped 32 airtight detection spaces at screw thread a external application gas collection to be checked and is collected the helium that leaks out, gas collection cover 32 is connected with mass-spectrometer leak detector 7, whether have detected gas to enter into by detected part from plenum space by the leak locator detection detects the space, thereby determine detected part whether leakage is arranged.If outside screw thread, detect the concentrations of helium of the concentration of helium in the collection gas greater than atmosphere, the screw thread blow-by is described, on the contrary the sealing of explanation screw thread.

After the leak detection at a detection of pipe string position is finished, the gas in plenum space and the card sealing sliding sleeve internal cavity is emitted.If the gas in plenum space and the card sealing sliding sleeve cavity is sent back in the pressurized container, way is: the control valve member D1 on the opening water discharge pipe L2 at first, discharge a part of water in the pressurized container, open the control valve member D4 on the high-pressure exhaust pipe again, can make the gas in the plenum space get back in the pressurized container 1, open operation valve D8 again, can make that the detected gas among the cavity b is got back in the pressurized container 1.

Gas and liquid do not mix when making high pressure liquid for the supercharging of the detected gas in the pressurized container, in addition, for guaranteeing that the high pressure detected gas of emitting does not contain liquid and boosts efficient more, quick, the preferred withstand voltage body of pressurized container, tilt to place, and the inclination angle of surface level is preferably between 10-60 °, and the high pressure liquid inlet is arranged on the below of pressurized container, and the gases at high pressure exhausr port is positioned at the top of pressurized container.Tilting purpose is after high pressure liquid enters pressurized container, realizes gas-water separation by action of gravity, and high pressure liquid enters and forms liquid piston in the pressurized container, promotes the detected gas compression.

When described pressurized container when being two or more, as shown in Figure 5, feeding detected gas on each described pressurized container 1, output reaches the detected gas of set point pressure, described liquid enter and discharge each import and export equal correspondence and be connected in parallel, at this moment, in described pressurized container, squeezing into highly pressurised liquid after a period of time, stop to need to leave standstill a period of time behind the pumping liquid, make the liquid in each described pressurized container reach balance, connecting portion carries out the sealing detection on equipment or pipeline then, and/or, continue pumping liquid, continue to improve the pressure of the detected gas in the described container.In the embodiment shown in fig. 5, be that two ports of pressurized container 1 that body is made couple together respectively, pick out two house stewards, one connects threeway 13, take over road L3 and L4 as described above, another house steward connects threeway 120, takes over road L1 and L2 more as described above.

The described time that stops is 20-30 second; Or, reach unanimity with the pressure on each tensimeter and be advisable by observing the tensimeter that is provided with on each described container.

Claims (24)

1. gases at high pressure leak hunting method, it is characterized in that: it comprises the generative process of high pressure detected gas and with the testing process of this high pressure detected gas for connecting portion sealing on equipment or the pipeline, described generative process, it is the detected gas of in a container, injecting set amount earlier, then, in this container, feed liquid again,, make the pressure of this detected gas bring up to setup pressure value by the described detected gas of this liquid compression with pressure; Described testing process, it is connecting portion to be detected on detected equipment or pipeline, set up inside and outside two confined spaces, on interior confined space, be provided with import at least, be used for injecting detected gas and make that wherein air pressure reaches detection required pressure value, confined space is provided with interface outside, connects on this interface for the appreciable detecting device of detected gas, checks outside whether have the detected gas that confined space leaks in the leisure in the confined space by detecting device; And/or, according to the increase of tracer element parameter in the described detected gas, the degree that quantitative test connecting thread button leaks.
2. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described method is carried out in following equipment, and this equipment comprises a power section, an accumulator and a testing tool:
Described power section comprises a water pump;
Described accumulator, it comprises described container, that is: a pressurized container; There are low pressure detected gas inlet port and high pressure detected gas escape hole in this pressurized container upper end; Low pressure detected gas inlet port is connected with source of the gas by draft tube; High pressure detected gas escape hole is connected with described testing tool by high-pressure exhaust pipe; The pressurized container lower end is provided with a high pressure liquid import and a leakage fluid dram, and this high pressure liquid import connects the high pressure liquid outlet of described water pump by feed tube, connects discharging tube on the leakage fluid dram; On each connecting line, be provided with the control corresponding valve member, enter and discharge this pressurized container, and low-pressure gas enters pressurized container and gases at high pressure enter testing tool from the pressurized container discharge with the control high pressure liquid;
Described testing tool, comprise card envelope instrument and detected set air-casing, described card envelope instrument is arranged on the inside of tubing string or string of casing or aid, is positioned the both sides of the connecting thread button part that may leak to be checked, be used for setting up the interior confined space that can charge into detected gas, or claim plenum space; Described detected set air-casing is arranged on tubing string or string of casing or aid outside, is positioned the connecting thread button position that may leak, and this position to be hunted leak is covered in the described detected set air-casing, and foundation can detect the outside confined space of leakage or claim to detect the space; This plenum space is communicated with high-pressure exhaust pipe on the described pressurized container, makes the detected gas of high pressure enter into plenum space; Detecting joint detection gas detecting instrument on the space; On described low pressure detected gas inlet port, gases at high pressure escape hole, high pressure liquid import and pipeline that leakage fluid dram is connected, be provided with described control valve member at least;
This leak hunting method comprises the steps:
Step 1. is injected detected gas in the pressurized container of described accumulator;
Step 2. starts high-pressure hydraulic pump, makes high pressure liquid stream enter the pressurized container from the high pressure liquid import of described pressurized container, and compression detected gas wherein is to set pressure;
In described step 1 front and back or step 1 and/or in the step 2, on connecting portion to be checked on equipment or the pipeline, set up described plenum space simultaneously and detect the space;
Step 3. allows the described detected gas in the described pressurized container enter described plenum space, when plenum space pressure reaches the design detected pressures, that is: finishes the level pressure detected gas and makes up, and stops to supply gas; In this step, according to the pressure of the detected gas in the pressurized container or stop described high-pressure hydraulic pump, perhaps continue to start high-pressure hydraulic pump;
Step 4. detecting instrument that is connected with described detection space, whether detect has detected gas to enter into from the fine duct of plenum space by detected part to detect the space, thereby determine detected part whether leakage is arranged; And/or, change the degree that quantitative test connecting thread button leaks according to the concentration of trace elements in the gas leakage.
3. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 2 is characterized in that: after the leak detection at a detection position is finished, described testing tool is unloaded from this detection position;
Step 5. is opened the leakage fluid dram discharge opeing of pressurized container, discharging liquid wherein, close the discharge opeing operation valve then, allow the high pressure detected gas turn back to pressurized container from plenum space automatically, step-down is a low-pressure gas, close the pressurized container exhausr port, open the bleed-off valve that is provided with to the high pressure line between the plenum space from the pressurized container exhausr port, drain its inner unnecessary low pressure detected gas;
Step 6. is removed the card envelope of card envelope instrument, and described card envelope testing tool is taken out from detecting the position, unloads the gas collection cover simultaneously;
Afterwards, power cut-off; Perhaps, will block envelope instrument and detected set air-casing again and move on to another leak detection position, testing tool will be arranged on described plenum space of formation and detection space on this leak detection position; From above-mentioned steps 3, or begin to get final product from above-mentioned steps 1 or step 2.
4. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 2 is characterized in that:
Described card envelope instrument comprises that two is inflatable and the tube passage both sides at described detection position are closed the card sealing that constitutes described plenum space by feeding fluid;
In the described leak hunting method, set up the step of plenum space, be card envelope instrument is arranged in the tubing string, two cover card sealings are positioned to detect the both sides at position, then, in the card sealing, inject fluid,, make the card sealing seal the formation plenum space because of the squeezing action that feeds fluid expansion or generation axial force produces the both sides that are radially expanded the position of will hunting leak by in this card sealing, feeding fluid with set pressure.
5. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 4, it is characterized in that: after place leak detection was finished, the detected gas of putting plenum space earlier was up to the pressure and the atmospheric pressure balance of plenum space, discharge the fluid in the card sealing subsequently again, to unload described card envelope instrument.
6. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 4 is characterized in that:
Described card envelope instrument is to be converted to axial thrust by the pressure that injects fluid, and then the card sealing that makes it to expand.
7. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 4 is characterized in that:
Feeding its card described fluid in sealing is liquid, will be with press liquid to inject the card sealing by a water pump, and the path of flow of liquid warp is: the high pressure liquid vent pipe of this water pump is the import of the described card sealing in the described card envelope instrument extremely; Before step 3, open this water pump, to card sealing internal-filling liquid body, be adjacent to tube wall until the card sealing, form plenum space; After the leak detection at a detection of pipe string position is finished, the liquid in the card sealing is emitted, to unload described card envelope testing tool.
8. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 7 is characterized in that:
Utilization provides the described water pump of highly pressurised liquid to import highly pressurised liquid in described pressurized container in the card sealing, then the pipeline path of flow of liquid warp is: a high pressure liquid pipeline that picks out from the described feed tube of pressurized container, be connected to the import of card sealing, on this high pressure liquid pipeline operation valve be set; Improve wherein detected gas pressure in design pressure or successively to pressurized container input highly pressurised liquid carrying out step 2, by described high-pressure liquid tube road direction card sealing internal-filling liquid body, be adjacent to tube wall until the card sealing, form plenum space, stop to provide the step of highly pressurised liquid constant to pressurized container to the card sealing for liquid by operation valve.
9. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 7 is characterized in that: the fluid that feeds in the card sealing is a gas, by an air pump with in the gas input card sealing.
10. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 9 is characterized in that:
Utilize the detected gas in the described pressurized container to make the card sealing expand, then on the high-pressure exhaust pipe of described pressurized container, set up a branch road, connect the import of described card sealing, on this branch road operation valve is set; In step 2, when the air pressure of detected gas in the described pressurized container reaches the required pressure of described card sealing card envelope, this detected gas is fed described card sealing, pressure in described card sealing reaches and is adjacent to tube wall, form till the plenum space, and then cause wherein to plenum space input detected gas that pressure reaches set pressure; After the leak detection at a detection of pipe string position is finished, make at least a portion liquid discharge in the pressurized container by described operation valve earlier, reduce the pressurized container internal pressure, open the control valve member on the high-pressure exhaust pipe again, make described plenum space or flow back in the pressurized container together with the detected gas in the described card sealing.
11. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 4 is characterized in that:
Described card envelope instrument comprises the two described card sealing of cover and newels, and the described card sealing of two covers is sleeved on the described newel of rigidity; The described card sealing of every cover comprises a rigidity sliding sleeve and one group of elastic material packing element; Described packing element and described sliding sleeve in the described card sealing of every cover are set on the described newel, the outer end of described sliding sleeve and packing element is at newel upper edge axial limiting, but can make this sliding sleeve and packing element along the axial setpoint distance intrinsic displacement of newel outer wall, tolerance clearance between described sliding sleeve and the newel is set as a cavity, and this cavity is installed in two O-ring seals sealings on described sliding sleeve inwall and the described newel by setting-in respectively; On the newel of described cavity correspondence, be provided with a fluid intake; Described fluid intake on the two cover card sealings is communicated with the input duct in the newel; To described chamber, feed fluid from described fluid input duct with certain pressure, make and slide over the extruding packing element that slides on the newel, make packing element under axle pressure, be radially expanded the chucking tube wall and form described plenum space, finish will be when tubing string be pulled down the card sealing when leak detection, discharge the fluid in the cavity, packing element resets by self resilient radial, restores to the original state, the convenient dismounting; On the newel outer wall between the two card sealings, also be provided with a gas feed, it also is the import of plenum space detected gas, it connects the inflation duct in the pipe core, this inflation duct is provided with the detected gas import of port as card envelope instrument on card envelope instrument, be connected with high-pressure exhaust pipe on the described pressurized container.
12. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 11, it is characterized in that: at the above packing element one end of described newel near sliding sleeve, the other end leans against on the elasticity control loop that also is provided with on the newel, in fluid compression packing element, also compress described elasticity control loop, when leak detection finishes to pull down the card sealing, fluid is discharged from described cavity, described control loop loses under the state of axial force at sliding sleeve, provides enough auxiliary packing elements of elastic force axially to reset.
13. according to the described gases at high pressure leak hunting method of one of claim 2 to 12, it is characterized in that: two mouths are set on the described pressurized container:
The one, superposed porting is about to high-pressure exhaust and low-pressure gas import and merges into a gas port, is divided into two interfaces after this gas port connects a threeway, connects described high-pressure exhaust pipe and described draft tube respectively; On described draft tube, establish the retaining valve that ends to the source of the gas direction from pressurized container; On high-pressure exhaust pipe, establish the control valve member; Described control valve member can be realized following purpose: the low pressure detected gas enters pressurized container; The high pressure detected gas that produces is discharged pressurized container again; Shut-off fitting forms sealed end so that supercharging in the pressurized container upper end;
The 2nd, be positioned at the leakage fluid dram that advances of bottom, be about to high pressure liquid inlet and leakage fluid dram and merge into a liquid mouth, after connecting a threeway, this fluid port is divided into two interfaces, connect described feed tube and discharging tube respectively; The retaining valve that ends to described water pump direction from described pressurized container is set on described feed tube; Establish the control valve member on described discharging tube, described control valve member group can be controlled: highly pressurised liquid enters, discharges pressurized container; Shut-off fitting makes discharging tube seal.
14., it is characterized in that according to the described gases at high pressure leak hunting method of one of claim 2 to 12:
Described pressurized container is one can bear the closed shell or the body of high pressure or UHV (ultra-high voltage), use described body to make described pressurized container, one port of this body constitutes described low pressure detected gas inlet port and high pressure detected gas escape hole, the another port constitutes a described high pressure liquid import and a leakage fluid dram, and described body is for having the oblique placement in certain inclination angle with surface level.
15. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 14 is characterized in that: described angle of inclination is 10-60 °.
16. according to the described gases at high pressure leak hunting method of one of claim 2 to 12, it is characterized in that: described detecting instrument is the leak locator that can detect detected gas concentration.
17. according to the described gases at high pressure leak hunting method of one of claim 2 to 12, it is characterized in that: described detected gas is an inert gas.
18. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 17 is characterized in that: described detected gas is helium or argon gas.
19. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 17 is characterized in that: described detected gas is the mixed gas of helium and nitrogen, concentrations of helium is not less than 5% and gets final product in the mixed gas.
20. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: the admission pressure of described pressurized container or air inflow should be: be as the criterion to lose liquid in the card envelope testing tool when detecting, the throughput that promptly loses liquid when card envelope testing tool deblocking is advisable.
21. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that:
Described pressurized container is two or more, feeding detected gas on each described container, output reach that the detected gas of set point pressure, described liquid enter and discharge each import and export equal correspondence and be connected in parallel, at this moment, in described pressurized container, squeezing into highly pressurised liquid after a period of time, stop to need to leave standstill a period of time behind the pumping liquid, make the liquid in each described pressurized container reach balance, connecting portion carries out the sealing detection on equipment or pipeline then.
22. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 21 is characterized in that: continue pumping liquid, continue to improve the pressure of the detected gas in the described container.
23. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 21 is characterized in that: the described time that stops is 20-30 second.
24. gases at high pressure leak hunting method according to claim 21 is characterized in that: the described time that stops is by observing the tensimeter that is provided with on each described container, to reach unanimity with the pressure on each tensimeter and be advisable.
CN2009100867097A 2009-06-19 2009-06-19 High-efficiency high pressure gas leak detection method CN101598624B (en)

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CN102393278B (en) * 2011-09-19 2013-07-10 武汉工程大学 Bidirectional sealing performance testing system of mechanical rapping device
CN103994865B (en) * 2013-02-20 2017-08-04 中国石油天然气集团公司 Oil casing threaded connection pneumatic sealing test device
CN103994863A (en) * 2013-02-20 2014-08-20 中国石油天然气集团公司 Air-tight sealing detection method of threaded connection of oil casing tubes
CN104422570B (en) * 2013-09-04 2017-02-08 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Inspection device and inspection method for oil return hole of steam and liquid separator
CN103759904B (en) * 2014-01-03 2017-02-08 中国空间技术研究院 System for detecting sealing performance
CN104122048A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-10-29 苏州宝骅机械技术有限公司 High-pressure gas tightness detection system
CN104198131B (en) * 2014-09-04 2017-04-12 安徽华东光电技术研究所 Travelling-wave tube leakage detecting device application method in travelling-wave tube leakage detection
CN105675215B (en) * 2016-01-04 2018-01-09 西安航天动力技术研究所 A kind of hydraulic type plate air pressure testing device
CN106289668B (en) * 2016-10-27 2019-08-09 北京科技大学 A method of utilizing boron leak detection high temperature and pressure waterpipe micro-crack
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