CN101546472B - Implement method of integrated universal simulation test system for electric network scheduling and electric quantity collection - Google Patents

Implement method of integrated universal simulation test system for electric network scheduling and electric quantity collection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101546472B
CN101546472B CN2009101166639A CN200910116663A CN101546472B CN 101546472 B CN101546472 B CN 101546472B CN 2009101166639 A CN2009101166639 A CN 2009101166639A CN 200910116663 A CN200910116663 A CN 200910116663A CN 101546472 B CN101546472 B CN 101546472B
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remote
electric
portable computer
message
data
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CN2009101166639A
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CN101546472A (en
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开圣武
林其友
赵武
章建智
张爱萍
蒋桐生
李涛
黄晟
李华
陈�峰
夏友斌
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安徽省电力公司芜湖供电公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02B90/20Smart grids as enabling technology in buildings sector
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S10/00Systems supporting electrical power generation, transmission or distribution
    • Y04S10/40Display of information, e.g. of data or controls

Abstract

The present invention discloses an integrated universal simulation test system for electric network scheduling and electric quantity collection, a telemechanical terminal is connected with a test control device through an instation network, an electrical energy remote terminal is connected with a plurality of electric energy meters. The simulation test system is provided with a portable computer, and has a function of processing the remote measurement, remote signaling, remote control data of an automatic SCADA system and electric energy meter data of a electric quantity collection terminal simultaneously or separately; a specification analysis function of the automatic SCADA system and electric quantity collection system; the specification is an usual specification, or is added with a plug-in card mode. By means of the technical scheme, the system has stable operation and perfect functions; the system is portable and is flexible to be employed; the system has high reliability and well expandability, openness, compatibility, and excellent maintainability and easytouse; it is capable of expanding and modifying the specification expediently, and it is capable of plugging and playing.

Description

The implementation method of dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system

Technical field

The invention belongs to the technical field of power network schedule automation, specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system.In addition, the invention still further relates to the implementation method of above-mentioned test macro.

Background technology

Along with the continuous growth of user's request and the continuous propelling of electricity market process, power supply enterprise carries out tasks such as transformer station is newly-built, enlarging, transformation constantly to be increased.For providing the electric energy service of economy, high-quality, the user become certainty.At present, the system that has been absolutely necessary in power industry of power dispatching automation and electric flux system is for power grid security, economy, high-quality, reliability service have been brought into play crucial effects.

Production tasks such as transformer station transforms because power supply enterprise is faced with, newly-built, enlarging are more and more heavier, and personnel simplify relatively, when engineering is heavy, the dispatching automation specialty need be handled three or four scenes simultaneously, and concentrator station and scheduling station all will have people's uniting and adjustment, implement to have brought more inconvenience and challenge to field engineering, make that also the contradiction that the dispatching automation professional is in short supply and engineering is heavy is more outstanding with the engineering uniting and adjustment.

Along with computing machine, network technology and electric power are used fast development, the update cycle of scheduling station is also accelerating at present, carries out the primary system renewal in average 6 to 8 years, and the groundwork in early stage of update system is to insert telecontrol information, debugs.According to statistics, the average telemechanical debug time of regional dispatching system of administering 30 stations is about 3 months, the average debug time of concentrator station system of administering about 10 stations is about 2 months, the debugging cycle of administering the above large-scale dispatching system in 100 stations is just longer, also to arrange overhaul of the equipments between limber up period, carry out tests such as remote control, remote regulating.

Current, the energy management system of each power scheduling (Energy Management System, EMS) main station system inserts the transformer station in the compass of competency and remote terminal unit (the Remote Terminal Unit of power plant by simulation, digital special line channel or network channel mode mostly, RTU), this main station system has become the important support platform of guaranteeing power grid security, stable, economy, high-quality operation, and its function and effect have become the indispensable important means of dispatching of power netwoks operational management.And the normal performance and the use of these functions, then be unable to do without factory's station end remote action data accurate, complete, reach continual transmission fast.If there is not the basic data of these telemechanicals, so, the EMS main station system can become cooks a meal without rice water without a source.

Before new transformer station puts into operation, or before a transformer station transforms operation, all to expend a large amount of time and efforts and main website and carry out the information debugging, to guarantee the normal use of comprehensive automation system of transformer substation.The content of debugging comprises that lane testing, stipulations test, remote measure and communication measure examination, remote control remote regulating, electric quantity test.And telecontrol channel be transformer station's field data and data can teletransmission prerequisite.If a reliable passage can not be provided, other test can't be carried out at all.After reliable channel has been arranged, also to expend huge workload to the test of quantity of information.Whether all correct as the remote measurement value; Whether no-load voltage ratio that is provided and coefficient be correct; The remote signalling amount is wanted each, and test is guaranteeing that wiring is correct separately, and it is correct etc. that database is filled in.The test of remote control must be carried out especially in strictness, often because the problems such as remote control numbers of pressing plate, wiring, database lead to the failure or problem such as mistake control.All above debugging are all quite wasted time and energy, even reliable passage has been arranged, also between main website and factory station, link up by phone repeatedly, and quite inconvenience, this also causes the cycle of debugging very long.

In sum, the access of telecontrol channel and the step of test have following deficiency at present:

1, manual test is wasted time and energy, and the cycle is very long;

2, periodicity and repeatability, main station system is changed and just need be tested again one time each time;

3, test often that main website and strange land, substation carry out, directly perceived, efficient is low;

4, manually-operated is difficult to avoid not makeing mistakes.

At present, along with the continuous development of power system dispatching automation technique, the passage uniting and adjustment testing tool between the on-the-spot substation of dispatching automation main station system and transformer station is also more and more.

ABY-9000 supports that simulation main website end four send on distant, remote control issues etc., and testing response time also is provided; As the substation end, provide the simulation of communication data; Quality for passage also has corresponding statistics (stipulations Bit Error Code Statistics).

SGH-1000 function and ABY-9000 are more or less the same, and the key distinction is that all softwares of ABY-9000 and interface are integrated on the equipment, the method that SGH-1000 then adopts interfacing equipment to separate with software, and software can be installed on computers.

The more preceding two kinds of supports for stipulations of SACO6000 are more weak, only 104 support the distant arteries and veins remote control of remote measure and communication remote regulating, other stipulations support that (product parameters shows for remote measurement, remote signalling, distant arteries and veins, remain to be confirmed), but this system provides one-touch quick file transmitting method, do not need to understand concrete message content during user test, just can directly send corresponding message.

The BTS-1000 system advantage is to provide the plug-in type stipulations, auto-update on the net, and this point is better than top system.

Other products such as XG2056 are exactly the function of some tests comparatively speaking, a little less than the systemic-function of front some, but the XG series of products are smaller, are convenient for carrying.

Because the said goods mainly biases toward the detection of communication facilities and the simple test of stipulations, use face is narrow, do not realize inserting and the debugging scheme from the substation to the main website global optimization, so the said goods is not very high in the market share of power supply department, in addition, stipulations are of less types and means of testing is complete inadequately, also limited use.

Summary of the invention

At the problems referred to above, the invention provides portable dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system, its objective is provides from the substation optimization of main website integral body, inserts and debugging method easily, allow the Engineering Service personnel at telemechanical personnel and factory station carry out aspectant debugging at the scene, the investigation time of problem and the debug time of quantity of information will dwindle greatly, improve observing and controlling and debugging efficiency.

To achieve these goals, the technical scheme taked of the present invention is:

Above-described dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system, be applied to power network schedule automation SCADA and coulomb collection system, comprise the main website end, substation end and communication channel, described substation end is located in transformer station or the power plant, described substation end comprises remote terminal unit and electric flux terminal unit, described remote terminal unit connects measure and control device by network in the station, described electric flux terminal unit is connected with a plurality of electric energy meters, described simulated testing system is provided with portable computer, and described simulated testing system possesses the remote measurement of handling described robotization SCADA system at the same time or separately, remote signalling, the function of the electric energy meter data of remote-control data and electric quantity acquisition terminal; Described simulated testing system possesses the stipulations analytical capabilities of described robotization SCADA system and coulomb collection system; Described stipulations are stipulations commonly used, and perhaps described stipulations are added in the plug-in unit mode.

Described simulated testing system is provided with portable tool box, and all devices in the described simulated testing system place in the described tool box.

Described portable computer can be simulated a plurality of main station systems simultaneously and be carried out the uniting and adjustment test.

Described portable computer possesses powerful message analysis function.

Described portable computer possesses measuring point point table and imports and exports translation function.

Described portable computer possesses historical message fault recurrence function.

Described portable computer is connected with telephone network by the modulator-demodular unit of establishing in it, and described telephone network is connected with the electric flux terminal unit; (non real-time VPN) is connected with the electric flux terminal unit by non real-time data dispatching network.

Described portable computer is connected with remote terminal unit by serial port terminal server, external photoisolator and digital telecontrol channel.

Described portable computer is connected with remote terminal unit by serial port terminal server, External modem, simulation telecontrol channel.(VPN in real time) connects by the Real-Time Scheduling data network.

Described portable computer is connected with remote terminal unit by switch and data dispatching network.

Described portable computer is positioned at the substation end and carries out communication with remote terminal unit and is connected.

Described portable computer is positioned at the main website end, is connected with described dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit.

Described portable computer is positioned at the substation end, is connected with the dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit of main website end by communication channel.

Second problem that the present invention will solve is: the implementation method that provides above-described dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system to be adopted, its goal of the invention is identical with technique scheme.The implementation method that described simulated testing system adopts is:

Carry out at main website end or substation end by the portable computer in the simulated testing system:

Login is set and withdraws from password, to prevent maloperation or illegally to withdraw from listening state; The correlation parameter of configuration site title, communication interface type, protocol type; Start or stop the button of main process, preserve and open channel data; Empty data field and event box;

Tabulation is released in letter to message frame flowing water;

The classification of explicit message frame time of origin, up-downlink direction and color separation display frame;

Show and preserve concrete message source book;

Show and preserve concrete message data content, time of origin, transmission direction and color separation explicit message type;

Display frame data, remote signalling, remote measurement, remote control, event box and show the specifying information of above-mentioned every kind of type of message, wherein:

Frame data: show the data content of a frame, each byte of mouse-click all has detailed parsing;

Remote signalling: display message body address, remote signalling period and remote signalling displacement markers;

Remote measurement: show current remote measurement amount, remote measurement period and remote measurement markers, the remote measurement amount is provided with when the simulation substation: dead band value, coefficient; Upper alarm threshold, lower alarm threshold, Threshold Crossing Alert, analog telemetering is changed to random fashion, or sinusoidal manner;

Remote control: show the remote information that main website sends, the type time;

Incident: imformosome address, event content markers and classification that presented event takes place.Click event finds corresponding message automatically;

Each frame data is carried out detailed parsing, and the classification of frame, transmission direction, link address, imformosome address have detailed Chinese to explain to each byte of frame;

The statistics of passage and stipulations;

The interruption times of each passage and the bit error rate of stipulations are added up, and show by form;

The command window simulation sends guidance command, and the order of each simulation is edited with the form of command parameter, clicks to send and time-out, and editor's test command flow table is revised execution interval, clicks and carries out, and sends one by one with execution interval by the message of organizing; Support multiple robotization SCADA and electric quantity acquisition Standards Code and customization stipulations, comprise DNP3.0, CDT, DISA, IEC60870-5-104, IEC60870-5-101, IEC60870-5-102.

The present invention adopts the beneficial effect of technique scheme to be:

Stable, the perfect in shape and function of system have high reliability and good extensibility, opening, compatibility, good ease for maintenance and ease for use;

Can expand easily and revise stipulations, and can plug and play;

Separate between each stipulations, be independent of each other, do not influence other all stipulations when revising stipulations;

Computer and peripheral hardware equipment all adopt universal brand product, guarantee to use reliably and with long-term;

Robotization SCADA and electric quantity acquisition analog functuion run on a cover back-up environment, but separate, are independent of each other;

Remote measurement, remote signalling, remote control and the every attribute of information about power table satisfy robotization SCADA and electric quantity acquisition main website versatility requirement;

Remote measurement, remote signalling, remote control and information about power table can import and export with the EXCEL form easily;

Software does not rely on particular hardware, and when the notebook computer fault of system configuration can not be used, available other notebooks or desktop computer replaced.

The integrated simulated testing system of power network schedule automation and electric quantity acquisition can adopt simulation, digital channel and network channel and factory's station end to combine and communicate from equipment, can adopt the built-in dialing modem of this system to communicate with dial mode or with network mode and electric energy acquisition device.

Fully grasp and understand the IEC60870 standard, understand its effect in the power dispatching automation technology, under the WINDOWSXP operating system environment, utilize VC++ to develop application software.

Description of drawings

Below expressed content of each width of cloth accompanying drawing of this instructions and the mark among the figure are made brief description:

Fig. 1 is a general structure synoptic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 connects the structural representation of remote terminal unit at the substation end for the present invention;

The structural representation that Fig. 3 is connected with the main website end through communication channel at the substation end for the present invention;

Fig. 4 reaches the structural representation that by communication channel with substation end be connected at the main website end with the communication of dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit for the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the simulated testing system among the present invention.

Be labeled as among the figure:

1, portable computer, 2, remote terminal unit (being RTU), 3, the electric flux terminal unit, 4, electric energy meter, 5, stand in network, 6, telephone network, 7, serial port terminal server, 8, external photoisolator, 9, digital telecontrol channel, 10, External modem, 11, the simulation telecontrol channel, 12, switch, 13, dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit, 14, measure and control device, 15, the data dispatching network, 16, main website end, 17, the substation end, 18, simulated testing system.

Embodiment

Contrast accompanying drawing below, by description to embodiment, to function and principle of work, the manufacturing process of the mutual alignment between the shape of the specific embodiment of the present invention such as related each member, structure, the each several part and annexation, each several part and manipulate method etc., be described in further detail, inventive concept of the present invention, technical scheme had more complete, accurate and deep understanding to help those skilled in the art.

The of the present invention structure expressed as Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 is dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system, is applied to the energy management system of power scheduling.

Basic technical scheme of the present invention:

Shown in above-mentioned accompanying drawing, dispatching of power netwoks provided by the present invention and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system, be applied to power network schedule automation SCADA and coulomb collection system, comprise main website end 16, substation end 17 and communication channel, described substation end 17 is located in transformer station or the power plant, described substation end 17 comprises remote terminal unit 2 and electric flux terminal unit 3, described remote terminal unit 2 connects measure and control device 14 by network in the station 5, described electric flux terminal unit 3 is connected with a plurality of electric energy meters 4, described simulated testing system 18 is provided with portable computer 1, and described simulated testing system 18 possesses the remote measurement of handling described robotization SCADA system at the same time or separately, remote signalling, the function of the electric energy meter data of remote-control data and electric quantity acquisition terminal; Described simulated testing system 18 possesses the stipulations analytical capabilities of described robotization SCADA system and coulomb collection system; Described stipulations are stipulations commonly used, and perhaps described stipulations are added in the plug-in unit mode.

Fig. 5 is the simulated testing system 18 among the present invention, and it comprises serial port terminal server 7, external photoisolator 8, External modem 10 and switch 12.

Described portable computer 1 possesses following function by the cooperation of software and hardware:

Described portable computer 1 can be simulated a plurality of main station systems simultaneously and be carried out the uniting and adjustment test.

Described portable computer 1 possesses powerful message analysis function.

Described portable computer 1 possesses measuring point point table and imports and exports translation function.

Described portable computer 1 possesses historical message fault recurrence function.

Described simulated testing system 18 is provided with portable tool box, and all devices in the described simulated testing system 18 place in the described tool box.

Overall goal of the present invention is: portable power network schedule automation and the integrated simulated testing system of electric quantity acquisition of developing unified optimal design, high-performance, high reliability, practicability, for dispatching automation provides auxiliary solution, its combination property reaches the advanced level of similar products at home and abroad.

IEC61970 and IEC61968 international standard have defined common information model, the present invention is based on the expansion of IEC61970 and IEC61968 international standard, take into full account the routine work practicality, are the telecontrol information transmission, and scheduling construction provides the convenient function test.

This system can be installed in the portable notebook computer flexibly, and satisfy basic SCADA of dispatching automation and generated energy acquisition function, have preposition communication function, real time data processing and monitoring function, can combine with on-the-spot transformer station and carry out uniting and adjustment, especially before building fully, can not play an important role with concentrator station, scheduling station passage from system.Because main station system basic functions such as local scheduling concentrator station can be simulated by this system, so on-the-spot and simulation main website carries out uniting and adjustment, can reach forward engineer fully implements progress, saves the uniting and adjustment personnel of main website, thereby improved its utilization ratio greatly, reach the effect of getting twice the result with half the effort, and before passage does not also finish less than debugging, can (be that equipment such as electric flux terminal unit, remote terminal unit, integrated automatic monitoring system carry out an acceptance inspection in advance to the electric energy acquisition device of transformer station.This integrated simulated testing system also can be used for scheduler routine robotization abnormality processing and crash analysis, utilizes this system also can strengthen the data comparison of each cover system simultaneously, improves system data operation accuracy and reliability.

The architecture of said system and purpose:

System provided by the present invention adopts open, distributed architecture, with the requirement of the aspects such as maintenance, dilatation and upgrading that satisfy system.

This system by modular design, use standardized product and interface, follow international software and hardware standard, use modular tool cabinet, improved separate degree soft, hardware as much as possible, the system that makes is easy to expand and upgrading.Each node of composition system operation information output unified, the style unanimity system, the convenient use makes things convenient for the daily management of user to system.

In addition, the test of hardware is an important aspect, and at present the technology that adopted of the most of product in this area all comprises this part, but all be bulky, function is more (ABY), or the little function less (XG series) of volume.The hardware interface of portable power network schedule automation and the integrated simulated testing system of electric quantity acquisition should be to miniaturization, integrated direction.

System development provided by the present invention is considered earlier to adopt universal equipment, and the data of carrying out equipment room transmit.Consider in the future the hardware components test function again.

The integrated simulated testing system of portable power network schedule automation and electric quantity acquisition can be served substation end 17 and main website end 16.

As shown in Figure 2, at substation end 17, the integrated simulated testing system of portable power network schedule automation and electric quantity acquisition is modeled to main website, can carry out communication with the substation telecontrol equipment, carry out protocol analysis, data acquisition, and can hang over the substation device network, equipment is directly gathered.

As shown in Figure 4, at main website end 16, the integrated simulated testing system of portable power network schedule automation and electric quantity acquisition is modeled to the substation, and system carries out the communication of telemechanical stipulations with dispatching terminal (SCADA), and checks the consistance of stipulations, data.

The integrated simulated testing system use of portable power network schedule automation and electric quantity acquisition pattern has following several:

As shown in Figure 1, portable computer 1 of the present invention is connected with telephone network 6 by the modulator-demodular unit of establishing in it, and described telephone network is connected with remote terminal unit 2; Be connected with electric flux terminal unit 3 by non real-time data dispatching network (being non real-time VPN).

As shown in Figure 1, portable computer 1 of the present invention is connected with remote terminal unit 2 by serial port terminal server 7, external photoisolator 8 and digital telecontrol channel 9.The typical case of described terminal server 7 uses example such as MOXA serial port terminal server.

As shown in Figure 1, portable computer 1 of the present invention is connected with remote terminal unit 2 by serial port terminal server 7, External modem 10, simulation telecontrol channel 11.The typical case of described terminal server 7 uses example such as MOXA serial port terminal server.

As shown in Figure 1, portable computer 1 of the present invention is connected with remote terminal unit 2 by switch 12 and data dispatching network 15.The typical case of described switch 12 uses example such as desktop 8 oral sexes are changed planes.

As shown in Figure 2, portable computer 1 of the present invention is positioned at substation end 17 and carries out communication with remote terminal unit 2 and is connected.

As shown in Figure 4, portable computer 1 of the present invention is positioned at main website end 16, is connected with described dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit 13.

As shown in Figure 3, portable computer 1 of the present invention is positioned at substation end 17, is connected by the dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit 13 of communication channel with main website end 16.

Second problem that the present invention will solve is: above-described dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system are provided, and its goal of the invention is identical with technique scheme.The implementation method that described simulated testing system 18 adopts is:

Carry out at main website end 16 or substation end 17 by the portable computer in the simulated testing system 1:

Login can be set and withdraw from password, to prevent maloperation or illegally to withdraw from listening state.Configuration site title, communication interface type, protocol type, correlation parameter.Start or stop the button (SCAN) of main process, preserve and open channel data, empty data field and event box etc.

Can release tabulation to the letter of message frame flowing water

Explicit message frame time of origin, the classification of up-downlink direction and color separation display frame.

Can show and preserve concrete message source book

Show and preserve concrete message data content, time of origin, and transmission direction and color separation explicit message type.

Frame data, remote signalling, remote measurement, remote control and event box show the specifying information of above-mentioned every kind of type of message.

Frame data: show the data content of a frame, each byte of mouse-click all has detailed parsing;

Remote signalling: display message body address, remote signalling period and remote signalling displacement markers;

Remote measurement: show current remote measurement amount, remote measurement period and remote measurement markers.The remote measurement amount can be provided with when the simulation substation: dead band value, coefficient; Upper alarm threshold, lower alarm threshold, Threshold Crossing Alert, analog telemetering change to be had at random, sine etc.;

Remote control: show the remote information that main website sends, the type time;

Incident: imformosome address, event content markers and classification that presented event takes place.Click event can find corresponding message automatically, makes things convenient for customer analysis.

Can carry out detailed parsing to each frame data

Each frame data is carried out detailed parsing, and the classification of frame, transmission direction, link address, imformosome address etc. have detailed Chinese to explain to each byte of frame.

The statistics of passage and stipulations

Can add up the interruption times of each passage and the bit error rate of stipulations, and show by form.

Command window:

Can simulate the transmission guidance command, and can edit with the form of command parameter, click sending and time-out the order of each simulation, the user can edit the test command flow table, can revise execution interval, click and carry out, will send one by one with execution interval by the message of organizing.

Support multiple robotization SCADA and electric quantity acquisition Standards Code and customization stipulations such as DNP3.0, CDT, DISA, IEC60870-5-104, IEC60870-5-101, IEC60870-5-102.

Key problem in technology of the present invention and innovative point:

1, simulate the function that a plurality of main websites carry out the uniting and adjustment test simultaneously:

This system satisfies can simulate the function that a plurality of main websites test simultaneously, for 110kV transformer station, requires this system can simulate concentrator station and transfers main website to test with ground; For 220kV transformer station, require this system can simulate concentrator station, transfer main website and economize to transfer the EMS system to test; For 500kV transformer station, require this system can transfer main website with simulating, economize and transfer EMS system and East China net to transfer in the row test.

Become the example that has particular application as in (Wuhu) new construction in the 110kV The Mirror Lake with the present invention, not only can simulate refreshing southern concentrator station also can transfer main website and transformer station scene to test with simulating, and can dispose different passages and stipulations, and accomplish each simulation test content of windows display simultaneously.

2, powerful message analysis function:

Can offer the detailed packet parsing of user at various stipulations, make things convenient for the user to understand message content.The user also can select corresponding point simultaneously, and corresponding value is set, and system produces message automatically, on one side user's transmission.Simultaneously, native system also adopts off-line message analysis function, and the user can import one section message, and system resolves automatically and translates data.

Can represent total calling and displacement remote signalling content respectively, message analysis and real-time interpretation content have been arranged, greatly convenience field staff's uniting and adjustment test, also highly improved whole work efficiency.

3, based on the expansion of IEC61970 and IEC61968 international standard:

Native system is based on the expansion of IEC61970 and IEC61968 international standard, support the various stipulations expansions in IEC Standards Code and the practical application, systemic-function adopts the plug-in unit mode, can free expanded function, and can add stipulations according to on-site actual situations and handle plug-in unit.Like this, this system can carry out simulation test with all kinds of robotization SCADA, electric weight and comprehensive automation system of transformer substation, has improved the extensibility and the versatility of system.

4, plug-in type stipulations management:

System's stipulations can be enabled corresponding insert according to user's configuring condition all with in the card format adding system.The plug-in unit issue can be downloaded the system that is registered to by file, and do not need to revise the program of operational system, so just be very easy to that the commissioning staff stands with different factories, different passage, different stipulations ground use, and not only improved configuration flexibility, also promoted the integration of system.

5, real time data memory function:

This simulation system can adopt the data base form, send data on the substation of record a period of time, and by the time memory, the compression storage is modeled to the substation at main website end 16 and reappears the substation communication packet, maximum possible simulation substation communication packet.The characteristic of this function is by real-time packet storage and memory, can the search history message, especially can reproduce some out of order feature messages, and be convenient to fault and recur and reproduce, improved capability in handling accident greatly.

6, powerful statistical function:

This system can add up the bit error rate, bad data, invalid packet etc. of operation passage, not only be convenient to grasp concrete test result, and correctness that can analytical test, the generation reason of bad data and invalid packet has improved ex-post analysis and processing power.

In addition, native system also can be added up item by item to on-the-spot all examination measuring point datas, and can filter by name, time, content etc., avoided on-the-spot uniting and adjustment test that the situation of leak source is arranged like this, can carry out validity statistics and accuracy judgement to test result simultaneously.

7, stipulations fault automatic location ability:

System can locate automatically to some bad datas, bad message, and gives prompting and mark, is convenient to analyze all kinds of abnormal problems.

8, historical failure reproduction capability:

For the historical failure message of systematic memory, fault can be located and recur in this system automatically, helps analyzing and dealing with problems.

9, measuring point point table imports and exports translation function

This system can import and derive measuring point point table, and can convert various main websites and concentrator station system format to easily according to certain text formatting, has avoided repeating the loaded down with trivial details work of input database.

In sum, characteristics of the present invention are:

1, simulates the function that a plurality of main websites carry out the uniting and adjustment test simultaneously

2, powerful message analysis function

3, based on the expansion of IEC61970 and IEC61968 international standard

4, plug-in type stipulations management

5, real time data memory function

6, stipulations fault automatic location ability

7, historical failure reproduction capability

8, measuring point point table imports and exports translation function

9, the bit error rate of operation passage, bad data, invalid packet statistics

10, test record statistical function

11, message at times, memory function at random

12, manually put number, set function at random

The integral system that the present invention develops has obtained good application in easily too change of 220kV, 110kV The Mirror Lake change new construction, obtained Expected Results.Before the on-the-spot telecontrol channel of transformer station does not have accent logical, this system can simulate province transfer, be in harmonious proportion concentrator station main website downward message, combine from system communication with the scene, the correctness of message explanation, the validity of analog functuion have not only been verified, also the variety of issue that the scene is existed has carried out effective judgement, this system also is used for scheduler routine robotization abnormality processing and analyzes simultaneously, has all obtained effect preferably.

Because existing scheduling station and coulomb collection system basic function can be simulated by this system, so carry out scene and the uniting and adjustment of simulation main website, thereby can reach fully increases the engineering construction progress, saves the uniting and adjustment personnel of main website and improved its utilization ratio greatly, reach the effect of getting twice the result with half the effort, and at passage before also debugging does not finish, can carry out an acceptance inspection in advance to equipment such as the electric energy acquisition device of transformer station, remote terminal unit, integrated automatic monitoring systems.

Major technique innovative point of the present invention:

1, simulate the function that a plurality of main websites carry out uniting and adjustment tests simultaneously: this system satisfies can simulate the function that a plurality of main websites test simultaneously, can simulate concentrator station, transfer main website, economize and transfer EMS even East China net adjusting system to test;

2, powerful message analysis function: at various stipulations can be in real time or off-line offer the detailed packet parsing of user, the user also can select corresponding point, and corresponding value is set, and system produces message automatically, or importing one section message at random, system can resolve and translate particular content automatically.

3, stipulations fault automatic location ability: system can locate automatically to some bad datas, bad message, and gives prompting and mark, is convenient to analyze all kinds of abnormal problems.

4, the historical failure reproduction capability is for the historical failure message of systematic memory, and fault can be located and recur in this system automatically, helps analyzing and dealing with problems.

5, measuring point point table imports and exports translation function: this system can import and derive measuring point point table, and can convert various main websites and concentrator station system format to easily according to certain text formatting, has avoided repeating the loaded down with trivial details work of input database.

6, plug-in type stipulations management: system's stipulations are all with in the card format adding system, and the plug-in unit issue can be downloaded by file and is registered to system, and does not need to revise the system program that has moved.

7, real time data memory function system adopts the data base form, but the data of sending on time-sharing recording and the compression storage substation, and can reappear the substation communication packet, carry out the simulation and the test of historical data.

Major function of the present invention is described as follows:

1, the present invention is to provide one and can be applicable to that all are newly-built, enlarging, comprehensive from the test macro of transforming transformer station.

2, system provided by the present invention supports the communication apparatus of multiple robotization SCADA such as DNP3.0, CDT, DISA, IEC60870-5-104, IEC60870-5-101, IEC60870-5-102 and electric quantity acquisition Standards Code and customization stipulations, can explain tabulation to message frame flowing water, can show and preserve concrete message raw data, can carry out detailed parsing to each frame data, can simulate and send remote control remote regulating order.

3, system provided by the present invention can expand and revise easily to stipulations, and can plug and play.

4, system provided by the present invention possesses master control and intercepts two big functions.

When using master control function, under robotization SCADA mode, PC serial port by this system communicates with the analog-and digital-channel unit that combine from system's master control at the factory station respectively via modulator-demodular unit or the PC serial port by this system, also can communicate by letter with 104 stipulations from system's master control with network mode and factory station are comprehensive.Under the electric quantity acquisition mode, the built-in dialing modem by this system communicates with dial mode or with network mode and electric energy acquisition device.At this moment, this system emulation robotization SCADA and electric quantity acquisition master function; When being listening functions, only need a pair of reception of this system or send line and receive the reception or the transmitting terminal of telecontrol channel, just can carry out online intercepting to the answer data that the transmission order or the factory of main website stand.

5, system of the present invention can carry out in detail comprehensively stipulations test to all analog-and digital-passages, the network channel at factory station, analog-and digital-passage support 9600 and following baud rate, with/asynchronous system is optional, has the path monitoring function, automatically the communication success ratio and the bit error rate are added up, allow the user that simulation main website and substation communication situation are come into plain view.

6, system provided by the present invention can communicate by letter with the various electric energy acquisition devices of uploading the electric energy acquisition amount with the IEC60870-5-102 stipulations, and shows various electric energy acquisition information.

7, can simulate the RTU of various stipulations, data such as switch amount, analog quantity can manually be provided with, the function of returning to school of analog telecommand, remote regulating.But specified scope, fixed time carry out the order of remote signalling at interval and simulate in batches.But specified scope, specified order increment or at random the take remote measurement order of distant arteries and veins of measuring point value simulate in batches, and support multiple spot snowslide interlock test, support call in institute's stored messages and during by transformer station's real event the discontinuity surface record truly recur, the simulation of remote control can change in related remote signalling, the simulation of remote regulating can related main transformer gear change, can support to the time simulation.

8, can simulate telemechanical machine and dispatching system and communicate, telemechanical model and scheduling station system that test macro is preserved repeatedly test automatically fast, can realize the quick access of the substation of dispatching system.

9, Cun Chu message and data (remote measurement, remote signalling, remote control, remote regulating) etc. can be retrieved by time and other rules.

10, the telemechanical stipulations are patrolled brake automatically: Automatic Cycle sends the stipulations instruction, and automatic analysis and judgment loopback message correct finished the analytical test of slave station telecontrol equipment automatically.

11, the network enabled passage is monitored or online monitoring passage message, does not influence the operating condition of this passage, and can show telecontrol communication message and storage in real time;

12, can specify some particular event to carry out passage monitoring and message storage, carry out the fault of main website and slave station qualitative.

This system is that a cover is made up of a small amount of hardware equipment such as high-performance notebook and built-in dialing modems, meet the power network schedule automation standard, powerful, the power network schedule automation SCADA and the electric quantity acquisition simulated testing system function that possess extensive versatility, this system can be in the capital construction and the enlarging debugging of combining from the station, do not need main website in the examination, distant place personnel such as concentrator station cooperate, passage is cast aside in all debugging, can be under the condition that main factory station passage is not linked up as yet, at the scene to factory's station stipulations, remote measurement, remote signalling, remote control and information about power carry out detailed, aspectant debugging, the investigation mistake, actual transmission, reduce the main website debugging work load after passage is linked up, finish at the debugging work scenes of moving forward to that main website is a large amount of, guaranteed main factory station debugging quality effectively, shortened the cooperation debug time, this system has also realized factory station is combined from the automatic test of the communication protocol standard of system and can be generated test report simultaneously, and is widely applicable for factory's station telecontrol equipment, remote control channel is to the malfunction elimination and the diagnosis of each links such as main station system.

Portable power network schedule automation SCADA that the present invention developed and electric quantity acquisition simulated testing system do not have the record of data and document at home and abroad so far, and its core concept and technical characterstic have stronger novelty and novelty.All softwares of this simulation system only need be installed in the portable computer and get final product, transformer station's telecontrol channel do not build finish before, can simulate existing scheduling station and concentrator station system, the reliability of checking field apparatus work, the correctness of forwarding data etc. bring great convenience, have improved greatly work efficiency to real work.Simultaneously, this integrated simulated testing system also can be used for not only providing the otherwise effective technique analysis means in daily abnormality processing and the ex-post analysis, and more power grid security, economy, high-quality operation provide powerful guarantee.

Implementation result of the present invention and applicable cases (being applied as example) with electric system in the Wuhu:

The integral system that the present invention develops has obtained good application in easily too change of the 220kV of Wuhu, 110kV The Mirror Lake change new construction, obtained Expected Results.220kV easily becomes very much and belongs to the test and validation stage of the present invention, before transformer station's field channels does not have accent logical, simulation always economizes transfers main website, scheduling station and concentrator station downward message, combine from system communication with the scene, not only verified the correctness of message explanation, the validity of analog functuion, also the problem that system is existed is improved.

Become in the new construction in the 110kV The Mirror Lake, this integral system has obtained overall application and checking, on-the-spot transformer station telecontrol channel is just built up on Dec 20th, 2008 and is finished, and transformer station all comprehensively all finished Dec 26 from the requirement of uniting and adjustment checking and accepting, formally sent in 28th.The powerful analog functuion of this system just, person skilled is promptly entering the scene by the end of November and is carrying out communication with on-the-spot measuring and controlling equipment, not only verified the correctness of field channels configuration, the explanation of all kinds of stipulations and analysis, can also always call by manual simulation distant place main website, issue time order, straighforward operation, simultaneously can be to the various remote measurements in scene, remote signalling, remote control, remote regulating, information such as distant arteries and veins are carried out real time translation, promoted the efficient of field adjustable and examination greatly, and it is right that the correctness of data has been carried out effective ratio, guarantees that the The Mirror Lake becomes to put into operation smoothly in official hour.

This integrated simulated testing system has still been brought into play vital role after telecontrol channel builds up, for example: on-the-spot busbar voltage is normal and the concentrator station video data is unusual, can find that by this simulation system field data is correct, problem is in the concentrator station side, and inspection as a result shows it is because concentrator station carries out the artificial data setting and causes (concentrator station is manually put several colors and do not distinguished); In the end check and accept in the transmission, on-the-spot generation remote signalling displacement, and distant place reaction is very slow, to several minutes ability upgrade, after this integrated simulated testing system test, find that a distant place is very slow really, thus reason in the on-the-spot side of transformer station, final discovery is to have text lack of standardization such as space to cause in the on-the-spot teletransmission configuration text.

In addition, the portable integrated simulated testing system of the present invention's development also is used for daily automated system abnormality processing, because this system can reappear error message and feature message, the about fault automatic location of the professional etiquette of going forward side by side, so solved 110kV lucky and become main transformer can't remote control, mountain, 220kV storehouse variodenser switch can't remote control and problem such as all kinds of channel abnormals, improved the work efficiency of relevant speciality greatly, especially provide abundant means and strong the support for accident treatment and The Analysis of Abnormal State.

In conjunction with the accompanying drawings the present invention has been carried out exemplary description above; obviously specific implementation of the present invention is not subjected to the restriction of aforesaid way; as long as adopted the improvement of the various unsubstantialities that method of the present invention design and technical scheme carry out; or design of the present invention and technical scheme are applied to other occasion without improving, all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the implementation method of dispatching of power netwoks and electric quantity acquisition integrated universal simulation test system, described universal simulation test system is applied to power network schedule automation SCADA and coulomb collection system, comprise main website end (16), substation end (17) and communication channel, described substation end (17) is located in transformer station or the power plant, described substation end (17) comprises remote terminal unit (2) and electric flux terminal unit (3), described remote terminal unit (2) connects measure and control device (14) by network (5) in the station, described electric flux terminal unit (3) is connected with a plurality of electric energy meters (4), described simulated testing system (18) is provided with portable computer (1), and described simulated testing system (18) possesses the remote measurement of handling described robotization SCADA system at the same time or separately, remote signalling, the function of the electric energy meter data of remote-control data and electric quantity acquisition terminal; Described simulated testing system (18) possesses the stipulations analytical capabilities of described robotization SCADA system and coulomb collection system;
It is characterized in that:
Described implementation method is carried out at main website end (16) or substation end (17) by the portable computer (1) in the simulated testing system (18), and described portable computer (1) is provided with simulates a plurality of main station systems simultaneously and carry out the uniting and adjustment testing software; Described portable computer (1) is provided with the software that possesses the message analysis function; Described portable computer (1) is provided with possesses the software that measuring point point table imports and exports translation function; Described portable computer (1) is provided with the software that possesses historical message fault recurrence function;
The implementation method that described simulated testing system (18) adopts is:
Login is set and withdraws from password, to prevent maloperation or illegally to withdraw from listening state; The correlation parameter of configuration site title, communication interface type, protocol type; Start or stop the button of main process, preserve and open channel data; Empty data field and event box;
Tabulation is released in letter to message frame flowing water;
The classification of explicit message frame time of origin, up-downlink direction and color separation display frame;
Show and preserve concrete message source book;
Show and preserve concrete message data content, time of origin, transmission direction and color separation explicit message type;
Display frame data, remote signalling, remote measurement, remote control, event box and show the specifying information of above-mentioned every kind of type of message, wherein:
Frame data: show the data content of a frame, each byte of mouse-click all has detailed parsing;
Remote signalling: display message body address, remote signalling period and remote signalling displacement markers;
Remote measurement: show current remote measurement amount, remote measurement period and remote measurement markers, the remote measurement amount is provided with when the simulation substation: dead band value, coefficient; Upper alarm threshold, lower alarm threshold, Threshold Crossing Alert, analog telemetering is changed to random fashion, or sinusoidal manner;
Remote control: show the remote information that main website sends, the type time;
Incident: imformosome address, event content markers and classification that presented event takes place; Click event finds corresponding message automatically;
Each frame data is carried out detailed parsing, and the classification of frame, transmission direction, link address, imformosome address have detailed Chinese to explain to each byte of frame;
The statistics of passage and stipulations;
The interruption times of each passage and the bit error rate of stipulations are added up, and show by form;
The command window simulation sends guidance command, and the order of each simulation is edited with the form of command parameter, clicks to send and time-out, and editor's test command flow table is revised execution interval, clicks and carries out, and sends one by one with execution interval by the message of organizing; Support multiple robotization SCADA and electric quantity acquisition Standards Code and customization stipulations, comprise DNP3.0, CDT, DISA, IEC60870-5-104, IEC60870-5-101, IEC60870-5-102.
2. according to the described implementation method of claim 1, it is characterized in that: described simulated testing system (18) is provided with portable tool box, and all devices in the described simulated testing system (18) place in the described tool box.
3. according to claim 1 or 2 described implementation methods, it is characterized in that: described portable computer (1) is connected with telephone network (6) by the modulator-demodular unit of establishing in it, and described telephone network is connected with described electric flux terminal unit (3); Described portable computer (1) is connected with electric flux terminal unit (3) by non real-time data dispatching network.
4. according to claim 1 or 2 described implementation methods, it is characterized in that: described portable computer (1) is connected with remote terminal unit (2) by serial port terminal server (7), external photoisolator (8) and digital telecontrol channel (9).
5. according to claim 1 or 2 described implementation methods, it is characterized in that: described portable computer (1) is connected with remote terminal unit (2) by serial port terminal server (7), External modem (10), simulation telecontrol channel (11).
6. according to claim 1 or 2 described implementation methods, it is characterized in that: described portable computer (1) is connected with remote terminal unit (2) by switch (12) and data dispatching network (15).
7. according to claim 1 or 2 described implementation methods, it is characterized in that: described portable computer (1) is positioned at substation end (17) and carries out communication with remote terminal unit (2) and is connected.
8. according to claim 1 or 2 described implementation methods, it is characterized in that: described portable computer (1) is positioned at main website end (16), is connected with described dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit (13).
9. according to claim 1 or 2 described implementation methods, it is characterized in that: described portable computer (1) is positioned at the substation end, is connected with the dispatching of power netwoks SCADA communication interface unit (13) of main website end (16) by communication channel.
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