CN101455268B - Full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets and processing technique thereof - Google Patents

Full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets and processing technique thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101455268B
CN101455268B CN2009100136119A CN200910013611A CN101455268B CN 101455268 B CN101455268 B CN 101455268B CN 2009100136119 A CN2009100136119 A CN 2009100136119A CN 200910013611 A CN200910013611 A CN 200910013611A CN 101455268 B CN101455268 B CN 101455268B
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wheat
full
parts
growing
wheat type
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CN101455268A (en
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朱沛霁
吕明斌
黄河
李鑫
朱素丽
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Shandong New Hope Liuhe Group Co Ltd
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Shandong Liuhe Group Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention pertains to the field of feed formula design and feed processing technique, specifically relating to an all-wheat type growing and fattening pig diet and its processing technique. The inventive all-wheat type growing and fattening pig diet is composed of the following components in weight percent: 50-70 parts of all-wheat, 4-10 parts of rice bran, 10-25 parts of bean pulp, 1-5 parts of peanut meal, 0.2-1.0 parts of composite vitamins, 0.2-1.0 parts of composite trace elements, and 0.1-0.4 parts of wheat-type-specific enzyme. The processing technique adds a maturing step between the modulation step and the granulation step. By adoption of the growing and fattening pig diet, the invention has low feed cost, faster fatten pigs growth rate, shortened breeding cycle, improved fatten pigs growing production efficiency, greatly improved pig shape and carcass quality, good palatability of the all-wheat type pig diet, good pork quality (stearin meat); and the invention solves the feed resource tensioning problem to some extent.

Description

A kind of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets and processing technology thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to feed formula design and feed processing technology field, be specifically related to a kind of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets and processing technology thereof.
Background technology
In recent years, the act as a fuel raw material of ethanol of corn, the world market significantly increases its demand, and this has already produced fundamental influence to feed.Therefore very big variation has all taken place in feed cost, feedstuff supply, the design of daily ration prescription etc., and the shortage of corn or valency height make feed cost improve.
In short supply day by day with corn, and in the last few years, along with improving constantly of wheat yield and dropping of price, the application of wheat in feed more and more widely, the feeding value of wheat improves gradually, with regard to nutritive value, the metabolisable energy of wheat is 90% of a corn, and aleuronat is higher than corn, the kind that has even exceed a times, lysine content is higher, and the content of threonine and corn are suitable, and wheat rate of ultilization of amino acid and corn do not have marked difference, and the content of wheat total phosphorus is higher than corn, and utilization rate height, and the content of the various B family vitamins of wheat all be higher than corn, particularly nicotinic acid to the biological value of pig than corn height, wheat flour is met water and is easily become sticky, be good natural adhesive, help granulating.But wheat relatively has its particularity with typical energy feed corn, the shortcoming of its existence is as follows: the application of wheat is subjected to the restriction of its ANFs, the ANFs of wheat mainly is a SNSP, first, wheat contains high-caliber solubility araboxylan and a small amount of soluble glucan, can form full-bodied solution in small intestine, thereby form muck just, hinder the absorption of animal, cause the trophism diarrhea nutrition; The second, the starch structure of wheat also is different from corn, and its starch is starch granule, and animal is difficult to digestion to non-starch polysaccharide digestibility very low (12%); Moreover, contain higher crude fiber content in the wheat, how to overcome the influence of above-mentioned wheat ANFs, accomplish wheat alternative fully to corn, become and solve the effective measures of corn with the feed resource anxiety.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention is exactly to provide a kind of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets and processing technology thereof at the defective of above-mentioned existence.The growing-finishing pig that adopts the swine rations of this prescription to feed and deliver for sale, its feed cost is low, growing-finishing pigs speeds up, shorten the culture-cycle, improved growing and fattening pigs production efficiency, improved the bodily form and the carcass quality of pig greatly, and the good palatability of full-wheat type swine rations, meat quality is good, is stearic meat, has also solved the problem of feed resource anxiety simultaneously to a certain extent.
A kind of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets of the present invention, it consists of the following component according to the weight portion meter, full wheat 50-70 part, rice bran 4-10 part, dregs of beans 10-25 part, peanut meal 1-5 part, B B-complex 0.2-1.0 part, composite trace element 0.2-1.0 part, wheat type specific enzyme 0.1-0.4 part.
Wherein, described B B-complex is to be combined by in vitamin A, cholecalciferol, prokeyvit, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, cobalamin, nicotinic acid, pantothenic acid, folic acid, the biotin one or more, and the pig necessary vitamin of growing is provided; Described composite trace element is that in ferric sulfate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate, sodium selenite, cobalt chloride, the calcium iodate one or more combine, and provides the pig growth essential trace element.
Wheat type specific enzyme described in the present invention is to be the complex enzyme of Main Ingredients and Appearance with zytase, 1,4 beta-glucanase and cellulase etc., and is exogenous composite enzyme.
The processing technology of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets of the present invention, it comprises pulverizing, mixing, modulation, granulation step, between modulation and granulation step, increase maturation stage, be specially and take by weighing raw material in proportion and pulverize earlier, the raw material after will pulverizing is then put into mixer and is mixed, and mixed material enters modulator, after modulation, send into the slaking jar and carry out slaking, enter pellet fabrication device at last and granulate, obtain finished product feedstuff.
Wherein, in this processing technology, the refining temperature of modulation step is 50-70 ℃, modulating time 10-45 second; The curing time of maturation stage is 5-20 minute, curing temperature 50-70 ℃; The curing equipment that adopts for maturation stage is an attemperator, can be any device that can be incubated.
Beneficial effect of the present invention can be by obtaining above-mentioned description, the growing-finishing pig that adopts swine rations of the present invention to feed and deliver for sale, its feed cost is low, growing-finishing pigs speed is fast, improved the growing and fattening pigs productivity effect, and the good palatability of full-wheat type swine rations, improved the feed digestive utilization ratio, the meat quality of searching for food behind the full-wheat type swine rations is good than corn type swine rations, the bodily form and the carcass quality of pig have been improved greatly, be stearic meat, also solved the problem of feed resource anxiety simultaneously to a certain extent.
Compare explanation below by test.
Control group adopts corn feed to feed, and test group adopts full-wheat type swine rations of the present invention to feed, and other nursing number of times, nursing time and other processing mode etc. are identical.
Repeat Test pig is a number only
Control group 4 10
Test group 4 10
Result of the test after feeding 100 days is as shown in the table
Control group Test group
Time/sky 100 100
First starting weight/kilogram 20.03±12.21 20.19±15.51
End weight/kilogram 95.56±78.97 97.86±88.65
Daily gain/gram 755.30±300.56 766.70±289.76
Feed intake/(gram/sky) 2281.01±556.78 2261.77±506.07
Feedstuff-meat ratio 3.02±1.03 2.95±1.21
Cost/(unit/kilogram) 6.21±2.23 5.90±1.75
By the available conclusion of last table be, adopt full wheat swine rations of the present invention, feed cost is low, and growing-finishing pigs speed is fast, has improved the growing and fattening pigs productivity effect, and the feed intake of full wheat swine rations is low, and feedstuff-meat ratio is littler than the corn feed.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment technical scheme of the present invention is described in detail.
Selected wheat is not less than national grade ii standard, and dregs of beans contains crude protein more than 46%, and peanut meal contains crude protein more than 48%, and full-cream rice bran freshness is good, and B B-complex, composite trace element all adopt commercially available high-quality multidimensional, Duo Kuang.
Embodiment 1
50 parts of full wheats, 4 parts in rice bran, 25 parts of dregs of beans, 1 part of peanut meal, 0.2 part of B B-complex, 0.2 part of composite trace element, 0.1 part of wheat type specific enzyme.
Taking by weighing above-mentioned raw materials in proportion pulverizes earlier, raw material after will pulverizing is then put into mixer and is mixed, mixed material enters modulator, and refining temperature is 50 ℃, modulating time 30 seconds, after modulation, send into the slaking jar and carry out slaking, the curing time is 10 minutes, 50 ℃ of curing temperatures, enter pellet fabrication device at last and granulate, obtain finished product feedstuff.
Embodiment 2
70 parts of full wheats, 10 parts in rice bran, 10 parts of dregs of beans, 3 parts of peanut meals, 1.0 parts of B B-complexes, 1.0 parts of composite trace elements, 0.4 part of wheat type specific enzyme.
Taking by weighing above-mentioned raw materials in proportion pulverizes earlier, raw material after will pulverizing is then put into mixer and is mixed, mixed material enters modulator, and refining temperature is 70 ℃, modulating time 10 seconds, after modulation, send into the slaking jar and carry out slaking, the curing time is 5 minutes, 70 ℃ of curing temperatures, enter pellet fabrication device at last and granulate, obtain finished product feedstuff.
Embodiment 3
60 parts of full wheats, 7 parts in rice bran, 20 parts of dregs of beans, 5 parts of peanut meals, 0.7 part of B B-complex, 0.6 part of composite trace element, 0.3 part of wheat type specific enzyme.
Taking by weighing above-mentioned raw materials in proportion pulverizes earlier, raw material after will pulverizing is then put into mixer and is mixed, mixed material enters modulator, and refining temperature is 60 ℃, modulating time 45 seconds, after modulation, send into the slaking jar and carry out slaking, the curing time is 20 minutes, 60 ℃ of curing temperatures, enter pellet fabrication device at last and granulate, obtain finished product feedstuff.

Claims (7)

1. full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets, it consists of the following component according to the weight portion meter, full wheat 50-70 part, rice bran 4-10 part, dregs of beans 10-25 part, peanut meal 1-5 part, B B-complex 0.2-1.0 part, composite trace element 0.2-1.0 part, wheat type specific enzyme 0.1-0.4 part.
2. full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described wheat type specific enzyme foot exogenous composite enzyme.
3. full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described composite trace element is one or more in ferric sulfate, manganese sulfate, zinc sulfate, sodium selenite, cobalt chloride, the calcium iodate.
4. the processing technology of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets as claimed in claim 1 comprises pulverizing, mixing, modulation, granulation step, it is characterized in that, increases maturation stage between modulation and granulation step.
5. the processing technology of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the refining temperature of described modulation step is 50-70 ℃, modulating time 10-45 second.
6. the processing technology of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets according to claim 4 is characterized in that, the curing time of described maturation stage is 5-20 minute, curing temperature 50-70 ℃.
7. the processing technology of full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets according to claim 6 is characterized in that, the curing equipment that described maturation stage adopts is an attemperator.
CN2009100136119A 2009-01-04 2009-01-04 Full-wheat type growing-finishing pigs diets and processing technique thereof Active CN101455268B (en)

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Families Citing this family (10)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102599372B (en) * 2012-03-20 2013-11-20 临汾市通达饲料有限公司 Wheat type pig feed
CN102669476B (en) * 2012-06-05 2013-12-04 江门海大饲料有限公司 Wholewheat feed for medium and large pigs
CN103039764B (en) * 2013-01-18 2014-05-14 山东龙盛农牧集团有限公司 Irregular protein raw material compound pig growing and fattening fodder
CN103168966B (en) * 2013-04-02 2015-02-18 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Wheat-based concentrate feed for growing and fattening pigs
CN103380856A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-11-06 陕西石羊集团饲料发展有限公司 Compound feed for finishing pigs and preparation method thereof
CN103355554A (en) * 2013-08-05 2013-10-23 山东新希望六和集团有限公司 Pig feed and preparation method thereof in a kind of full-wheat type
CN104738332A (en) * 2013-12-27 2015-07-01 重庆福斯特饲料有限公司 Nuisance-free growth fattening pig feed
CN104543525A (en) * 2014-12-26 2015-04-29 济南和美华动物营养品有限公司 Compound premixed feed for wheat type growing finishing pigs
CN104489412A (en) * 2015-01-05 2015-04-08 通威股份有限公司 Complete-wheat lactating sow feed and compounding method thereof
CN104686855A (en) * 2015-03-17 2015-06-10 赣州市畜牧研究所 Whole-wheat formulated pig feed

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