CN101318736A - Landscape water quality clarification system - Google Patents

Landscape water quality clarification system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101318736A
CN101318736A CNA2008101151022A CN200810115102A CN101318736A CN 101318736 A CN101318736 A CN 101318736A CN A2008101151022 A CNA2008101151022 A CN A2008101151022A CN 200810115102 A CN200810115102 A CN 200810115102A CN 101318736 A CN101318736 A CN 101318736A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
purification
landscape water
water quality
landscape
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Pending
Application number
CNA2008101151022A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
文剑平
杨建州
梁辉
孟繁龙
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Beijing Originwater Technology Co Ltd
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Beijing Originwater Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Beijing Originwater Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Beijing Originwater Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CNA2008101151022A priority Critical patent/CN101318736A/en
Publication of CN101318736A publication Critical patent/CN101318736A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • Y02W10/18

Abstract

The invention relates to a landscape water body water quality purification system, which comprises a fungi bed, a riffle and a bottom mud layer which are arranged in a landscape water body as well as aquatic plants planted in the bottom mud layer and aquatic animals growing in the purification system. The landscape water body water quality purification system has the characteristics of aesthetic property, environment protection and naturality, and can carry out effective treatment to a landscape water body.

Description

Landscape water quality clarification system
[technical field]
The invention belongs to technical field of waste water processing.More specifically, the present invention relates to a kind of water purification system that is used for landscape water body.
[background technology]
In recent years along with the raising of people's living standard, nature river course water scenery, the water scenery dwelling house, landscape water bodies such as water scenery theme park continue to bring out, present these landscape water bodies, mostly be static or mobile poor sealing unhurried current water body greatly, make to lack a complete biologic chain in the whole landscape water, so self-purification capacity is extremely low.Though also there is the part landscape water body to adopt the method for natural river course or lake drinking-water, but because pollution of waterhead now is serious, nitrogen and phosphorus content is higher, make water body that very high pollution be arranged from the beginning, rain drop erosion is arranged again in addition and water the infiltration of pouring water, nutrition such as various nitrogen, phosphorus, carbon, potassium and a large amount of foreign material such as fertilizer, agricultural chemicals and leaf, withered grass are pooled in the lower landscape water body of physical features.As time goes on, will cause water body to be subjected in various degree pollution, can cause body eutrophication when serious, cause algal bloom in the water, the water body blackening is fouled, it is attractive in appearance to have a strong impact on landscape water body, even physical environment and living environment around the influence, thus forfeiture landscape water body function.At present, the processing of landscape water is extremely urgent, need water treatment method economically and reasonably, guarantee that its landscape water body is limpid, clean, the inventor is summing up forefathers' practical experience, on the basis in conjunction with the achievement in research of other water-treatment technology field, made the present invention finally through number of research projects.
[summary of the invention]
[problem that invention will solve]
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of landscape water quality clarification system, this system can carry out natural purification to landscape water body, need not treating plant, environmental protection and energy saving and attractive in appearancely have an advantage of beautifying the environment.
[technical scheme]
In order to address the above problem, the invention provides a kind of landscape water quality clarification system, described purification system comprises and is located at the intravital bacterium bed of landscape water, reef flat, sediment layer, is planted in the waterplant in the described sediment layer and is grown in hydrocoles in the described purification system.
Preferably, also comprise the plants on water surface that is grown in the described purification system water surface in the above-mentioned purification system, with the submerged plant and/or the emergent that are grown in described purification system bank, as aquatic Canna generalis Bailey, mullet grass, Spiked Loosestrife, cattail, calamus, Scirpus tabernaemontani, lotus or water lily.
According to a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, hydrocoles in the system comprises filter-feeding fish and/or large-scale benthonic invertebrates, for example Chinese Bitterling Welfare, high body Bitterling Welfare, colored stone crucian carp, little like silver xenocypris, need not Propitious, tortoise, Squaliobarbus curriculus, silver carp, flathead, Luo Fei etc.; Grow three limb wheel animalcules, cladocera and scratch sufficient class, ring rib spiral shell, anodon, China rice shrimp, or spiral shell, freshwater mussel etc.
Preferably, the degree of depth under water of the reef flat of described purification system is 20-40cm, and the depth of water at the offshore place is no more than 60cm, progressively deepens then, and the sediment layer thickness at offshore place can be 20-30cm.Central authorities' depth of water is no more than 100cm.In addition, the part is provided with the ballow in the described purification system, and the depth of water of ballow is greater than 150cm, and the bed mud thickness of the sediment layer of ballow is 30-50cm.
In the context of the present invention, offshore is no more than the zone of 3m in term " offshore place " the expression system.
Of the present invention being described in detail as follows:
Design is on the landscape water body bank usually for reef flat, and based on sandstone, the about 30cm of mean thickness under water of reef flat specifically can have the variation of the depth, also can place big view stone or plant suitable plant on the top layer of reef flat.
The bacterium bed form also can be diversified, to satisfy the view requirement.The biologic packing material of bacterium bed can be the honeycombed plastic carrier, and it is that bacterium bed surface can cover view stone or plantation marsh plants on biologic packing material, as reed, cattail, Spiked Loosestrife etc., to coordinate with view better apart from the about 20~30cm of the water surface.
In this purification system, generally lay the 20-30cm sediment layer, on sediment layer, plant phytobenthos, put hydrocoles then in a suitable place to breed, the food chain combination that formation can natural purification becomes intact ecocystem.
[beneficial effect]
Above-mentioned purification system is taked comprehensive regulation form, and regulation effect is good, can make landscape water (as the river of pond, sluggish flow) so clear that you can see the bottom;
This system need not change water, can directly utilize rainwater to mediate, the conserve water resource;
The routine maintenance expense is very low;
Ecosystem design makes in water bank, the water surface, the water, Water bottom landscape is vividly beautiful
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the construction procedure figure of embodiments of the invention.
[embodiment]
Following embodiment is described with reference to the accompanying drawings the present invention.
Embodiment
Present embodiment is positioned at central section, Olympic Green, Beijing, and water body always is about 2.7km, water surface area 16.5 ten thousand m 2, water surface width 25~150m.This water body is subjected to aspect effects limit such as coverage of water, water environment capacity, water body self-purification ability for the sealing water body, long-term water quality inferiority.
Wherein, ecological bag, timber spats are adopted in the bank of source section, intersperse shore protection with nature materials such as mountain stones, and clay lenses and natural pebble are laid in the river bed, improve river bed matrix, make water system approach state of nature, there is fluctuations in the riverbed, and matrix is soil or sand or stone, rich and varied, form multiple ecotope, thereby for multiple waterplant and hydrocoles provide adapt circumstance, and can play the effect of auxiliary purification of water quality.
Elsewhere is arranged to ecological gradual slope, bank slope and water contact interface are with adopting ecological bag, mountain stone and imitative timber as spats, and lay natural materials such as cobble, planting aquatic plants between the cobble slit, not only can purify water, and make on the green space on lakeside East Road continuity has been arranged, and beautified the shore protection of hard, increased the agile property of water.
The depth of water≤the 0.60m of offshore place (within the about 3m of bank), the depth of water progressively deepens from water front to water central authorities, the about 1.0m of the central depth of water, localized design ballow.
Plant heavy water class waterplant, emergent, floatingleaved plant and hydrocoles then.
Wherein, before the plantation plant, should carry out the place and check and accept, carry out 2 retainings then.During first filling, floating substance can appear in the water surface, this moment with first filling all put do after; The retaining 5cm left and right sides depth of water once more, the water surface dirts such as floating substance that would not occur swimming.
Utilize grid method to determine the position of plant community and single-strain planting, plant then.
Wherein, emergent was planted during the 4-7 month of vigorous growth, and be the 4-5 month planting season of floating plant.The used plant of present embodiment sees Table 1.
Table 1
Sequence number Kind Specification Quantity Unit Remarks
1 Lotus Life in 3 years 10897 m 2 6 strains/m 2
2 Reed Life in 3 years 10780 m 2 25 strains/m 2
3 Water lily Life in 3 years 1306 m 2 8 strains/m 2
4 Water caltrop Life in 3 years 4127 m 2 9 strains/m 2
5 Cattail More than 3 buds 8328 m 2 6 strains/m 2
6 Scirpus tabernaemontani Life in 3 years 2718 m 2 6 clumps/m 2
7 Spiked Loosestrife More than 3 buds 3536 m 2 36 strains/m 2
8 Aquatic Canna generalis Bailey Life in 3 years 1381 m 2 4 clumps/m 2
9 Flower Lin Life in 3 years 562 m 2 16 strains/m 2
10 Yellow taro Pu More than 5 buds 660 m 2 16 strains/m 2
11 The taro Pu Life in 3 years 2032 m 2 16 strains/m 2
12 Arrowhead More than 3 buds 841 m 2 16 strains/m 2
13 The mullet grass Life in 3 years 1083 m 2 16 strains/m 2
14 Spatterdock 10*8 2859 m 2 6 strains/m 2
15 Rhizome of Grass leaf Sweelflag Life in 3 years 58 m 2 16 strains/m 2
16 Job's tears The 10-15 bud 805 m 2 9 strains/m 2
17 Submerged plant Life in 3 years 55000 m 2 9 strains/m 2
Hydrocoles be can put in a suitable place to breed after finishing water plant planting, filter-feeding fish and large-scale benthonic invertebrates comprised.The effect of fish mainly is a control algae bio amount, wherein filter-feeding fish and scrape the feeding habits zoobenthos and mainly play river course " street cleaner " effect.In addition, zoobenthos such as spiral shell, freshwater mussel etc. can purify water effectively, and bivalves can be filtered miniature organism (as the animals and plants that swim, microorganism etc.) and the organic debris that suspends in the drinking water, improve the transparency of water.Spiral shell is mainly scraped and is being eaten algae and the microorganism and the detritus of giving birth to, and the short agglutinating matter of secretion simultaneously flocculates the lake mud material and difficult the suspension, impels water to become clear.
Also can put flying bird, aquatic bird, swan, mandarin duck etc. in a suitable place to breed in addition.
Through the purification of water quality and the maintenance of native system, the comprehensive regulation, water quality is improved significantly, can reach " water environment quality standard " III class water body requirement (GB3838-2002).Also effectively eliminate body eutrophication simultaneously, eliminate algal bloom, limpid thereby water body becomes, make landscape water body more attractive in appearance, physical environment on every side and living environment obtain very big improvement, thereby recover and improve the function of landscape water body.

Claims (8)

1, a kind of landscape water quality clarification system is characterized in that described purification system comprises to be located at the intravital bacterium bed of landscape water, reef flat, sediment layer, to be planted in the waterplant in the described sediment layer and to be grown in hydrocoles in the described purification system.
2, landscape water quality clarification system according to claim 1 is characterized in that also comprising the plants on water surface that is grown in the described purification system water surface.
3, landscape water quality clarification system according to claim 1 is characterized in that also comprising the submerged plant and/or the emergent that are grown in described purification system bank.
4, landscape water quality clarification system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described hydrocoles comprises filter-feeding fish and/or large-scale benthonic invertebrates.
5, landscape water quality clarification system according to claim 1 is characterized in that described purification system is no more than 60cm in the depth of water at offshore place, and the central depth of water is no more than 100cm.
6, landscape water quality clarification system according to claim 1 is characterized in that the part is provided with the ballow in the described purification system, and the depth of water of ballow is greater than 150cm.
7, landscape water quality clarification system according to claim 1, the degree of depth under water that it is characterized in that described reef flat is 20-40cm.
8, landscape water quality clarification system according to claim 1, the bed mud thickness that it is characterized in that described sediment layer is 20-50cm.
CNA2008101151022A 2008-06-18 2008-06-18 Landscape water quality clarification system Pending CN101318736A (en)

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CN2009101482161A CN101624236B (en) 2008-06-18 2009-06-18 System for purifying quality of landscape water body

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102561257A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-11 福建工程学院 Ecological river bed of urban interior river and construction method of ecological river bed
CN102976492A (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-03-20 深圳市恒源浩科技有限公司 Water ecological purification system and method
CN103548529A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-02-05 上海海洋大学 Method for building ecological slope protection by reasonably mixing and matching spiral shells with water plants
CN105236579A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-13 四川鑫淼环保科技有限责任公司 Method for controlling the nutritional salt balance between lake sediment and water interface
CN109526812A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-29 内江师范学院 A kind of cultural method realized to freshwater aquiculture water body water purification control algae
CN110451654A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-11-15 舟山赛莱特海洋科技有限公司 " three objects " auto purification stereo ecological system

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CN101880091A (en) * 2010-07-15 2010-11-10 昆明光宝生物技术工程有限公司 Method for controlling polluted water body
CN102010071A (en) * 2010-10-29 2011-04-13 上海优博环境工程有限公司 Combined high-efficiency river water quality purification process
CN102583882A (en) * 2012-02-14 2012-07-18 绍兴文理学院 Method for immediately processing swine wastewater by utilizing microorganism, fish and vegetable combination
CN102874934A (en) * 2012-10-29 2013-01-16 武汉昌宝环保工程有限公司 Technology for direct in-situ treatment and ecological restoration of polluted water body
CN104787975B (en) * 2015-04-16 2016-06-01 郑州大学 The complex ecological water treatment system that a kind of low temperature season runs
CN109019869A (en) * 2018-07-18 2018-12-18 珠海强龙生物科技有限公司 A kind of water quality ecological repairs bacterium and its application method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102561257A (en) * 2012-02-28 2012-07-11 福建工程学院 Ecological river bed of urban interior river and construction method of ecological river bed
CN102561257B (en) * 2012-02-28 2014-10-01 福建工程学院 Construction method of ecological river bed
CN102976492A (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-03-20 深圳市恒源浩科技有限公司 Water ecological purification system and method
CN102976492B (en) * 2012-11-22 2014-02-19 深圳市恒源浩科技有限公司 Water ecological purification system and method
CN103548529A (en) * 2013-10-28 2014-02-05 上海海洋大学 Method for building ecological slope protection by reasonably mixing and matching spiral shells with water plants
CN103548529B (en) * 2013-10-28 2016-04-06 上海海洋大学 A kind of spiral shell and water plants are rationally mixed takes the method building ecological revetment
CN105236579A (en) * 2015-09-28 2016-01-13 四川鑫淼环保科技有限责任公司 Method for controlling the nutritional salt balance between lake sediment and water interface
CN109526812A (en) * 2018-11-30 2019-03-29 内江师范学院 A kind of cultural method realized to freshwater aquiculture water body water purification control algae
CN110451654A (en) * 2019-09-11 2019-11-15 舟山赛莱特海洋科技有限公司 " three objects " auto purification stereo ecological system

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