CN101314942A - Wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile - Google Patents

Wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101314942A
CN101314942A CNA2008100538752A CN200810053875A CN101314942A CN 101314942 A CN101314942 A CN 101314942A CN A2008100538752 A CNA2008100538752 A CN A2008100538752A CN 200810053875 A CN200810053875 A CN 200810053875A CN 101314942 A CN101314942 A CN 101314942A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
inverse
shaped pipe
pipe wall
wave breaker
pile
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Granted
Application number
CNA2008100538752A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN100557140C (en
Inventor
王元战
王禹迟
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Tianjin University
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Tianjin University
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Application filed by Tianjin University filed Critical Tianjin University
Priority to CNB2008100538752A priority Critical patent/CN100557140C/en
Publication of CN101314942A publication Critical patent/CN101314942A/en
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Publication of CN100557140C publication Critical patent/CN100557140C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A10/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE at coastal zones; at river basins
    • Y02A10/11Hard structures, e.g. dams, dykes or breakwaters

Abstract

The invention discloses a reversed T-shaped pipe wall pile foundation breakwater, which comprises reinforced concrete prefabricated parts which are arranged side by side and are connected into a whole body through bottom plates, vertical plates and rib plates. The vertical plates and the rib plates of the prefabricated parts prefabricate vertical pipes, steel piles or reinforced concrete piles are arranged in the vertical pipe, the piles pass through the vertical pipes, are driven into the foundations and form pile foundations, and concrete is poured into the gaps between the piles and the pipes, thus forming an integrated body. The breakwater is suitable for deep water and weak soil foundations, and has the advantages of larger bearing capacity, reliable working performance, light deadweight of the breakwater, good wholeness, good endurance, excellence, simple and convenient construction and low construction cost. The piles are driven into the foundations through the pipes to form the pile foundations, thus strengthening the vertical bearing capacity of the foundations and effectively improving antiskid and anti-overturning stability of the structure.

Description

Wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile
Technical field
The present invention relates to the building structure in a kind of harbour and the coastal engineering, relate in particular to a kind of wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile.
Background technology
At present, the breakwater structure pattern that adopts in the engineering mainly contains three kinds: sloping breakwater, gravity mole, pile foundation (or tube base) formula mole.Sloping breakwater is lower to the ground requirement for bearing capacity, but the material usage and the depth of water are square proportional, and the cost height was not suitable for deep water conditions when the depth of water was big; Cost was lower than sloping breakwater when the gravity mole depth of water was big, but to ground requirement for bearing capacity height, was not suitable for the soft soil foundation condition; Though the formula mole is applicable to the soft soil foundation condition, it is prefabricated, mounting process is complicated for pile foundation (or tube base), and still difficulty is applied in engineering.
Summary of the invention
Purpose of the present invention provides a kind of and is applicable to deep water, soft soil foundation condition just in order to overcome above-mentioned deficiency of the prior art, and the wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile that construction technology is simple, construction costs is low.
The present invention is achieved by following technical proposals: a kind of wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile, comprise be arranged side by side be interconnected to whole precast member for reinforcing bar concrete by base plate, riser and floor, the prefabricated vertical duct of handing-over line of the riser of described prefabricated units and floor, piling bar or reinforced concrete pile are set in the described vertical duct, described stake is passed vertical duct and is squeezed into and form pile foundation in the ground, and the slit between described stake and conduit is linked to be integral body with concreting.
Described vertical duct is the vertical duct of steel or steel concrete.
The cross section of described steel conduit is an annular, and the internal diameter of described annular is 0.45m~1.55m, and wall thickness is 0.005m~0.05m.
The cross section of described steel concrete conduit is an annular, and the internal diameter of described annular is 0.45m~1.55m, and wall thickness is 0.10m~0.50m.
Described piling bar external diameter is 0.40m~1.50m, and wall thickness is 0.005m~0.05m.
Described reinforced concrete pile external diameter is 0.40m~1.50m, and wall thickness is 0.10m~0.50m.
Described reinforced concrete pile is a solid pile.
Described base plate thickness is 0.4m~2.5m, and riser thickness is 0.3m~2.0m, and floor thickness is 0.25m~2.0m.
Described prefabricated units are provided with at least one row's floor.
The cross section of described conduit is the outer square or square internally and round externally shape of interior circle, and the external surface shape of described stake and the inner surface configuration of described conduit are adaptive.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: be applicable to deep water, soft soil foundation, have bigger supporting capacity and reliable service behaviour, own wt is light, the superiority of good integrity, good endurance, easy construction, and construction costs is low.Particularly pass conduit and squeeze into pile foundation in the ground, strengthened the vertical bearing capacity of ground, effectively improved structure antiskid and stability against overturning.Compare with sloping breakwater, the present invention has the superiority that is applicable to deep water; Compare the superiority that the present invention has is in light weight, be applicable to soft soil foundation with the gravity mole; Compare prefabricated, the simple superiority of mounting process that the present invention has with pile foundation (or tube base) formula mole.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged diagram of prefabricated units among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the A-A generalized section of Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the B-B sectional schematic diagram of Fig. 3.
Reference numeral: 1, base plate, 2, riser, 3, floor, 4, conduit, 5, pile foundation.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is further described: as Fig. 1~shown in Figure 5, absolute altitude unit is a rice among the figure, a kind of wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile of the present invention comprises the prefabricated units that are arranged side by side, and prefabricated units comprise base plate 1, riser 2, floor 3, conduit 4 and pile foundation 5.Each prefabricated units length be 12m, highly (riser) for 10m, width (base plate) is 16m.If two row's floors 3, floor 3 center to center distance are 6.00m, are 3.00m apart from the distance at prefabricated units edge.Base plate 1 thickness is 0.70m, and riser 2 thickness are 0.60m, and floor 3 thickness are 0.60m.Conduit 4 is steel concrete riders, and conduit 4 internal diameters are that 0.60m, wall thickness are 0.15m.Pile foundation 5 adopts steel pipe pile, and external diameter is 0.50m, and wall thickness is 0.02m.Steel pipe pile passes conduit 4 and squeezes in the ground, and stake end absolute altitude is at the following 20m of mud face, and fill with concrete pouring in the slit that steel pipe pile and conduit are 4.
Present embodiment can bear the wave action of depth of water 7.4m, wave height 5.2m (cycle 8.1s) under foundation condition shown in the table 1.
The main soil nature parameter of table 1 soil layer
Need to prove that according to concrete condition of construction, conduit also can be the conduit that steel are made.Pile foundation 5 also can adopt reinforced concrete pile.When the cross section of described steel conduit was annular, the internal diameter of described annular can be 0.45m~1.55m, and wall thickness can be 0.005m~0.05m.The outer square or square internally and round externally shape of circle in the cross section of described steel conduit also can be, the external surface shape of described stake and the inner surface configuration of described conduit are adaptive.When the present invention adopted the steel concrete conduit, when the cross section of steel concrete conduit was annular, according to concrete condition of construction, the internal diameter of described annular can be 0.45m~1.55m, and wall thickness can be 0.10m~0.50m.When described stake was piling bar, according to concrete condition of construction, when the cross section of piling bar was annular, external diameter can be 0.40m~1.50m, and wall thickness can be 0.005m~0.05m.When described stake is reinforced concrete pile, cross section when being annular, described reinforced concrete pile external diameter can be 0.40m~1.50m, and wall thickness can be 0.10m~0.50m.When appearance and size hour, described reinforced concrete pile can be solid pile.According to concrete condition of construction, described base plate thickness can be 0.4m~2.5m, and riser thickness can be 0.3m~2.0m, and floor thickness can be 0.25m~2.0m.Described prefabricated units are provided with at least one row's floor.
The present invention is applicable to deep water, soft foundation condition, has bigger supporting capacity and reliable service behaviour, and have that the structure own wt is light, the superiority of good integrity, good endurance, have easy construction, the characteristics that construction costs is low simultaneously again.Particularly pass conduit and squeeze into pile foundation in the ground, strengthened the vertical bearing capacity of ground, improved structure antiskid and stability against overturning effectively.
Although in conjunction with the accompanying drawings the preferred embodiments of the present invention are described above; but the present invention is not limited to the above-mentioned specific embodiment; the above-mentioned specific embodiment only is schematic; be not restrictive; those of ordinary skill in the art is under enlightenment of the present invention; not breaking away under the scope situation that aim of the present invention and claim protect, can also make a lot of forms, these all belong within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile, comprise be arranged side by side be interconnected to whole precast member for reinforcing bar concrete by base plate, riser and floor, it is characterized in that, the prefabricated vertical duct of handing-over line of the riser of described prefabricated units and floor, piling bar or reinforced concrete pile are set in the described vertical duct, described stake is passed vertical duct and is squeezed into and form pile foundation in the ground, and the slit between described stake and conduit is linked to be integral body with concreting.
2. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described vertical duct is the vertical duct of steel or steel concrete.
3. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the cross section of described steel conduit is an annular, and the internal diameter of described annular is 0.45m~1.55m, and wall thickness is 0.005m~0.05m.
4. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the cross section of described steel concrete conduit is an annular, and the internal diameter of described annular is 0.45m~1.55m, and wall thickness is 0.10m~0.50m.
5. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described piling bar external diameter is 0.40m~1.50m, and wall thickness is 0.005m~0.05m.
6. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described reinforced concrete pile external diameter is 0.40m~1.50m, and wall thickness is 0.10m~0.50m.
7. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described reinforced concrete pile is a solid pile.
8. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described base plate thickness is 0.4m~2.5m, and riser thickness is 0.3m~2.0m, and floor thickness is 0.25m~2.0m.
9. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described prefabricated units are provided with at least one row's floor.
10. wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile according to claim 2 is characterized in that, the cross section of described conduit is the outer square or square internally and round externally shape of interior circle, and the external surface shape of described stake and the inner surface configuration of described conduit are adaptive.
CNB2008100538752A 2008-07-18 2008-07-18 Wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile Expired - Fee Related CN100557140C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2008100538752A CN100557140C (en) 2008-07-18 2008-07-18 Wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2008100538752A CN100557140C (en) 2008-07-18 2008-07-18 Wave breaker of inverse T shaped pipe wall pile

Publications (2)

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CN101314942A true CN101314942A (en) 2008-12-03
CN100557140C CN100557140C (en) 2009-11-04

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102383400A (en) * 2010-09-28 2012-03-21 单发成 Debris flow resisting wall
CN104405418A (en) * 2014-04-28 2015-03-11 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 Novel steel frame for preliminary support of tunnel
JP2017128998A (en) * 2016-01-19 2017-07-27 Jfeエンジニアリング株式会社 Levee body

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102383400A (en) * 2010-09-28 2012-03-21 单发成 Debris flow resisting wall
CN102383400B (en) * 2010-09-28 2014-11-26 单发成 Debris flow resisting wall
CN104405418A (en) * 2014-04-28 2015-03-11 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 Novel steel frame for preliminary support of tunnel
JP2017128998A (en) * 2016-01-19 2017-07-27 Jfeエンジニアリング株式会社 Levee body

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Publication number Publication date
CN100557140C (en) 2009-11-04

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Granted publication date: 20091104

Termination date: 20100718