CN101270884B - Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove - Google Patents

Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101270884B
CN101270884B CN2008100158679A CN200810015867A CN101270884B CN 101270884 B CN101270884 B CN 101270884B CN 2008100158679 A CN2008100158679 A CN 2008100158679A CN 200810015867 A CN200810015867 A CN 200810015867A CN 101270884 B CN101270884 B CN 101270884B
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cooking
furnace
fire
chinese style
pyrotechnics
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2008100158679A
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CN101270884A (en
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王青瑄
赵若仁
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B40/00Technologies aiming at improving the efficiency of home appliances, e.g. induction cooking or efficient technologies for refrigerators, freezers or dish washers

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Abstract

The invention discloses a furnace, which especially discloses a Chinese style of warming, cooking and fire viewing integrated biomass furnace. The Chinese style of warming, cooking and fire viewing integrated biomass furnace comprises a furnace body and a furnace hearth. The special aspects are that a fire and smoke leak proof system is mounted on the upper end of the furnace body; the fire and smoke leak proof system comprises an iron cover plate and an interlocking handle which controls the on or off of the iron cover plate; a fire accumulation cover is mounted on the upper part inside the furnace hearth; the fire accumulation cover is a platform type of structure with a big opening facing downwards; a baffle of the fire accumulation cover is connected with a fire accumulation handle through a connecting rod; the platform structure is a prismoid, a truncated cone, a square bottom and round top platform or a round bottom and square top platform. The invention belongs to the field of fireplace, furnace, cooking furnace, fuel and energy, which is a warming, cooking and fire viewing integrated furnace with the biomass energy saving, environmental protection and cleanness. As the invention prevents the smoke leakage into the room, which can be mounted in the sitting room for warming, water boiling and cooking, the furnace can be used for the energy saving district construction project, which is easy of the popularization.

Description

The Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of stove and accessory, particularly a kind of Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove.
(2) background technology
Existing stove and accessory has fireplace, cooking stove, firewood stove or the like, but all there is such or such shortcoming in they:
1, existing fireplace: can only be used to see the fire heating, can not be used for cooking, can't large-scale popularization popularize.
2, existing cooking stove: can only be used for kitchen cooking, heating, mainly be combustion lump coal, honeycomb briquette, can not use that biomass fuel, carries that kettle, end pot, black smoke go out that stove is choked outward, smoked, contaminated air, room, wall, can't be installed in the parlor, more do not have the flame appreciation effect.
3, existing firewood stove, simple coarse is smoldered, can only be in the open or in the kitchen of remote countryside special use, low, the smoke fire of the thermal efficiency burns seriously pollutedly, both wastes, and is unhygienic again.Clean and tidy indoor and building can't be entered, heating systems, elementary original such as radiator, floor heating can't be driven.
Simultaneously, existing stove and accessory is not is not viewed and admired flame and additional air inlet system.
(3) summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove with multiple function, energy-conserving and environment-protective in order to remedy the deficiencies in the prior art.
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove comprises body of heater, burner hearth, and its special character is: described body of heater upper end is provided with anti-pyrotechnics leakage system, and this anti-pyrotechnics leakage system comprises the interlock handle of iron covering plate and its switch of control.
Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove of the present invention, it further improves and is: the top in the described burner hearth is provided with flame-gathering cover, this flame-gathering cover is the bench-type structure of big mouth down, the baffle plate of flame-gathering cover connects poly-fiery handle by connecting rod, and described bench-type structure is the bench-type of circle on terrace with edge, round platform, the below or the bench-type of following circle top.
Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove of the present invention, described body of heater front is inlaid with thermostable transparent glass.The bottom of described burner hearth is equipped with the poly-range that raise by support body the bottom.
Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove of the present invention, the top of the top of described body of heater, thermostable transparent glass have one and replenish air inlet system; The bottom of described body of heater is provided with a dedusting waterpipe that leads to stored ash box; The chimney place of described body of heater is equipped with a draught excluder.
Chinese style heating-cooking-observing biomass furnace of the present invention has increased anti-pyrotechnics leakage system in the body of heater upper end.In burner hearth, increased flame-gathering cover, increased poly-range, increased thermostable transparent glass, increased additional fresh air inlet (system) at body of heater in the body of heater front at body of heater.Thereby realized cleaning, environmental protection, purpose of energy saving, increased heating, cooking, viewed and admired the function of flame in one.
Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove of the present invention has following characteristics:
(1) by anti-pyrotechnics leakage system operation, with the up fiery cigarette sealing of burner hearth, the suction of chimney has prevented that effectively pyrotechnics from leaking in addition, has realized cleaning, health, pollution-free, thereby cooking stove has been moved into parlor, hall from the kitchen before carrying kettle, end pot.
(2) flame loose in the burner hearth can be concentrated on crater by flame-gathering cover, directly at the bottom of barbecue, the kettle, the bottom of a pan, improve the speed of the thermal efficiency and intensification, improved heat up water, the speed when cooking.
(3), realize wooden stick (piece) is easily lighted the very fast function that can heat up water and cook by poly-range.By poly-range, raise burning point, shortened the distance in flame and kettle, the bottom of a pan, improve the speed of cooking, reach the effect of materials province, quick heating.
(4) by thermostable transparent glass, can view and admire the flame that the burner hearth internal combustion is beated, glimmered, play appreciation effect, convenient, can observe the combustion position of fuel, timely postcombustion with the charging of time point stove.
(5) by replenishing air inlet system, make fuel such as wooden stick, firewood fully make the CO of the atomizing gasification release heat of further burning simultaneously in the burner hearth internal combustion, improve the thermal efficiency, reduced smoke contamination, wash away the glass inwall simultaneously and keep glass bright beautiful thoroughly.
(6) by the dust treatment system, dwindled the volume of dust in stored ash box, the dust that reduces when unloading ash flies upward cleaner health.
In a word: the present invention is by the anti-pyrotechnics leakage system in the body of heater, flame-gathering cover, the frame of getting fire, additional air intake four systems, and add pyroceram, can integrate heating, cooking-observing, can make stove and accessory from the kitchen parlor of moving into as clean as a penny, and in heating, can heat up water and cook.And, reach the target that replaces coal, combustion gas, electric energy in larger scope with the fuel that biomass straw is suppressed.Use the living beings wooden stick to make fuel, 0.5-0.8 unit per hour is than low coal consumption 1/5, than power-saving 1/4, than gas saving 1/3.Environmental protection, energy-conservation, reduction of discharging, cleaning.
The invention belongs to fireplace, stove and accessory, cooking stove, fuel and energy field, is a kind of biomass energy-saving, environmental protection, clean energy stove and accessory that integrates heating, cooking, sight fire.Owing to solved not toward indoor leakage cigarette, can be installed in the parlor and warm oneself, heat up water, cook, thereby can be used for the project construction of energy conservation project sub-district, be easy to popularize.The present invention be related to new forms of energy revolution, belong to recycling economy, be a kind of innovation of stove and accessory, be energy-saving and environmental protection fresh fuel stove and accessory.
(4) description of drawings
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 looks schematic diagram for master of the present invention;
Fig. 2 looks generalized section for a left side of the present invention.
Among the figure, 1 anti-pyrotechnics leakage system, 1-1 iron covering plate, 1-2 interlock handle, 1-3 fire banking-up board, 2 flame-gathering covers, 2-1 gathers fiery handle, the 2-2 baffle plate, and 3 poly-ranges, 4 replenish air inlet system, 5 thermostable transparent glass, 6 dedusting waterpipes, 7 draught excluders, 8 bodies of heater, 9 burner hearths, 10 stored ash box.
(5) specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
Accompanying drawing is a kind of specific embodiment of the present invention.This embodiment comprises body of heater 8, burner hearth 9, and body of heater 8 upper ends are provided with anti-pyrotechnics leakage system 1, and this anti-pyrotechnics leakage system 1 comprises the interlock handle 1-2 of iron covering plate 1-1 and its switch of control; Top in the burner hearth 9 is provided with flame-gathering cover 2, and this flame-gathering cover 2 is the frustum cone structure of big mouth down, and the baffle plate 2-2 of flame-gathering cover 2 is connected with poly-fiery handle 2-1 by connecting rod; Body of heater 8 fronts are inlaid with thermostable transparent glass 5, and the top of the top of body of heater 8, thermostable transparent glass 5 has one and replenishes air inlet system 4; The bottom of burner hearth 9 is equipped with the poly-range 3 that raise by support body the bottom; The bottom of body of heater 8 is provided with a dedusting waterpipe 6 that leads to stored ash box 10; The chimney place of body of heater 8 is equipped with a draught excluder 7; The iron covering plate 1-1 of anti-pyrotechnics leakage system 1 is one, connects by trace between iron covering plate 1-1 and the interlock handle 1-2.
This product is placed on living beings wooden stick, briquetting on the poly-range 3 and lights with solid wax or wood fragments bavin in use, and flame concentrates on crater by flame-gathering cover 2, roast kettle at the bottom of, behind the bottom of a pan, enter flue.When carrying kettle end pot, the interlock handle 1-2 that leaks by anti-pyrotechnics seals burner.Because the suction of chimney siphons away the surplus cigarette of emerging in the slit.Because of biomass fuel requires more oxygen, increase and replenish air inlet system 4, CO is fully burnt view and admire flame and fuel combustion situation simultaneously.Remove after will falling into the ashes humidification in the stored ash box 10 at last, make indoor health clean and tidy.
There are following characteristics in each parts of this product:
A. anti-pyrotechnics leakage system 1: by an iron covering plate 1-1, one of add a trace, connect to draw and push away interlock handle 1-2 and constitute.Above parts are fixed on the fire banking-up board 1-3.By interlock handle 1-2, operation crater switch.
Effect: prevent that the pyrotechnics in the burner hearth from going out outside the stove.Interlock handle 1-2 reaches the position of pass, and iron covering plate 1-1 covers on the hole of fire banking-up board 1-3.Utilize the suction of chimney, the pyrotechnics of scurrying out in the slit is sucked chimney.Can prevent that the flue dust leakage from indoor, having guaranteed hygiene.After putting kettle, pot or bell, with the position that interlock handle 1-2 gets to out, iron covering plate 1-1 draws back from fire banking-up board 1-3, and the pyrotechnics in the burner hearth reenters chimney, the stove fire normal combustion.
B. flame-gathering cover 2: by poly-fiery handle 2-1, connecting rod, operation flame-gathering cover baffle plate 2-2 folding.Need heat up water, when cooking, the flame-gathering cover 2 that closes makes more flame by crater, accelerates the boiling water time (raising programming rate).When not needing cooking, flame-gathering cover 2 is opened, improve the water jacket heating surface area.
C. poly-range 3: use and solidify wax or a small amount of loose firewood, spitball, igniting is ignited easily, can make the faster burning of a small amount of wooden stick, shortened kettle at the bottom of, the distance of the bottom of a pan and flame, hot is faster, more helps fuel savings.
D. replenish air inlet system 4:
Two functions are arranged: 1. wash away clear glass and make inwall, keep the glass high grade of transparency not by sooting.The CO of the gasification of heating is further burnt, improve the thermal efficiency.
E. transparent high temperature resistant glass 5:
Effect: 1. can directly see the combustion position of fuel in the stove, save former stove and accessory and will put forward the situation that kettle just can see and more help timely postcombustion, energy-conservation.2. improve the charging hole of existing stove and accessory, increased the function of viewing and admiring flame, promoted the appreciation effect of stove and accessory.
F. dust pelletizing system 6:
The ashes that fall into stored ash box are more open, are scattered easily during cleaning and fly upward indoor.After adding an amount of water, but reduced volume, and dust is difficult for flying upward during cleaning, more sanitation and hygiene.
Embodiment 2:
The iron covering plate 1-1 of anti-pyrotechnics leakage system 1 is separately positioned on two of burner both sides, and the outside of two iron covering plate 1-1 connects interlock handle 1-2 by movable axis respectively.With two iron covering plate 1-1 from two ends simultaneously to intermediate closed for closing, two iron covering plate 1-1 open to both sides simultaneously, pyrotechnics normally by crater for opening.Other is identical with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3:
Described flame-gathering cover 2 is the bench-type of circle on the below, and the iron covering plate 1-1 of anti-pyrotechnics leakage system 1 is two semicircle iron plates, and the outside of two iron covering plate 1-1 connects interlock handle 1-2 by movable axis respectively.Close crater when two semicircle iron plates are opened to a plane, two semicircle iron plates when vertical up and down, are opened crater, reach the sealing crater, prevent that pyrotechnics from leaking the outer purpose of stove with this.Other is identical with embodiment 1.

Claims (6)

1. Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove, comprise body of heater (8), burner hearth (9), it is characterized in that: described body of heater (8) upper end is provided with anti-pyrotechnics leakage system (1), and this anti-pyrotechnics leakage system (1) comprises the interlock handle (1-2) of iron covering plate (1-1) and its switch of control; Top in the described burner hearth (9) is provided with flame-gathering cover (2), this flame-gathering cover (2) is the bench-type structure of big mouth down, the baffle plate (2-2) of flame-gathering cover (2) is connected with poly-fiery handle (2-1) by connecting rod, and described bench-type structure is the bench-type of circle on terrace with edge, round platform, the below or the bench-type of following circle top; Described body of heater (8) front is inlaid with thermostable transparent glass (5); Described anti-pyrotechnics leakage system (1) is selected from following two kinds of structures: the iron covering plate (1-1) of anti-pyrotechnics leakage system (1) is one, connects by trace between iron covering plate (1-1) and the interlock handle (1-2); Or the iron covering plate (1-1) of anti-pyrotechnics leakage system (1) is for being separately positioned on two of burner both sides, and the outside of two iron covering plates (1-1) connects interlock handle (1-2) by movable axis respectively.
2. Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the bottom of described burner hearth (9) is equipped with the poly-range (3) that raise by support body the bottom.
3. Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the top of the top of described body of heater (8), thermostable transparent glass (5) has one and replenishes air inlet system (4).
4. Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the bottom of described body of heater (8) is provided with a dedusting waterpipe (6) that leads to stored ash box (10).
5. Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove according to claim 3 is characterized in that: the chimney place of described body of heater (8) is equipped with a draught excluder (7).
6. Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described flame-gathering cover (2) is the bench-type of circle on the below, the iron covering plate (1-1) of anti-pyrotechnics leakage system (1) is two semicircle iron plates, and the outside of two iron covering plates (1-1) connects interlock handle (1-2) by movable axis respectively.
CN2008100158679A 2008-05-09 2008-05-09 Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove Expired - Fee Related CN101270884B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102818296A (en) * 2012-08-14 2012-12-12 河南和福来金属有限公司 Clean burning fireplace with water liner

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201269546Y (en) * 2008-05-09 2009-07-08 王青瑄 Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201269546Y (en) * 2008-05-09 2009-07-08 王青瑄 Chinese style heating-cooking-observing integrated biomass stove

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