CN101059257A - Centralized single-apartment type intelligent solar energy hot water-making system - Google Patents

Centralized single-apartment type intelligent solar energy hot water-making system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101059257A
CN101059257A CNA2007100115842A CN200710011584A CN101059257A CN 101059257 A CN101059257 A CN 101059257A CN A2007100115842 A CNA2007100115842 A CN A2007100115842A CN 200710011584 A CN200710011584 A CN 200710011584A CN 101059257 A CN101059257 A CN 101059257A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
single household
storage tank
valve
heat collector
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Pending
Application number
CNA2007100115842A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王克涛
林志强
林玉南
孙丰
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JIURI HIGH-TECH (YINGKOU) FLUID EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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JIURI HIGH-TECH (YINGKOU) FLUID EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
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Application filed by JIURI HIGH-TECH (YINGKOU) FLUID EQUIPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical JIURI HIGH-TECH (YINGKOU) FLUID EQUIPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CNA2007100115842A priority Critical patent/CN101059257A/en
Publication of CN101059257A publication Critical patent/CN101059257A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

Central single household intelligent solar energy hot water producing system, the invention relates to a solar energy hot water producing system which installs heat collector collectively, installs single family water storing tank collectively, supplies hot water single family and is used by individual family. The prior various solar water heaters have many practical problems, such as messy placing on roof, influencing townscape, destroying the roof waterproof layer easily, increasing the roof load, over long pipes for medium and low layer users, not ideal use in winter, cool water-wasting in pipes when use. The single family water storing tank unit box in the invention is equipped with heat-insulating layer in and out itself, the vacuum heat-collecting tube is equipped with superconducting heat-exchanging pipes in itself, the system is equipped with intelligent control equipment, two tanks are equipped with electric heater and water level temperature control sensor. The pipelines are equipped with magnetic valves and water flow sensors. The present invention is characterized by: high automation level, actual automatic water-filling, timing water-filling, and automatic water emptying in pipes after uses. Due to the superconducting heat-exchanging pipes, the water temperature is raised fast. In addition, since the single family heat collector and single family water-storing tank are installed collectively, they look regular and ordered, the system can ensure each family can use solar energy hot water and the water waste problem is solved.

Description

Central authorities' single-apartment type intelligent solar energy hot water-making system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar energy hot water system, specifically is to have realized the centralized arrangement heat collector, and the single household hot-water supply is realized a kind of solar energy hot water system that the user uses and manages voluntarily separately.
Background technology
The present solar water heater that uses in life of people mainly contains the unit installing type, to install formula and split concentratedly wall-hanging etc.Its principle all is to absorb amount of solar heat by solar thermal collector, the heat exchange circulation that utilizes water with the heating of the cold water in the storage tank for people's use of living.But because the building structure and the various water heater self structure problem of residential building, all there is certain practical problem in use above three kinds of water heaters.Unit installing type for example: because its model and specification disunity, cause and put in disorderly at the dwelling house roof, influence the appearance of the city.Destroying the waterproof aspect of roof in varying degrees again, all having hidden danger for safe, thunderbolt, the shock resistance of building.Be exactly that the roof area is limited in addition, can not guarantee that each resident family can both install.General roof area can only satisfy 1/3rd users.Because unit installing type and install the formula water heater concentratedly and do not have indoor storage tank like this for middle low layer user installation, exists long, an each use of waterline all will emit a large amount of cold water earlier.And after each the use, the hot water in the water-supply-pipe becomes cold water again.Discharge repeatedly and slattern a large amount of water.Thermal-collecting tube takes place easily under abnormal conditions to break and problem such as occurs leaking.Install formula in addition concentratedly: because each user of supply makes the storage tank of water is a central water supply and the very big water tank of volume, connects the user respectively by pipeline and mixes water valve, because of central water supply, has both caused the building partial load excessive, increases the cost of building.Because of the property centralized management, there are hot water cost height again in user and infrastructure management company, a series of contradictions such as supply water temperature, output and water supply price again.Also have split wall-hanging: owing to must be placed on the residential building south elevation, therefore be subjected to the influence of distance between buildings, middle in the winter time low layer user can't normally use owing to can not see sunlight.
Summary of the invention
At above-mentioned situation, the invention provides a kind of central single-apartment type intelligent solar energy hot water-making system, to solve the practical problem that existing product in use exists.
The present invention is achieved by following technical solution, its structure as shown in drawings: constitute by single household heat collector group, single household storage tank group.Concrete structure is: in single household storage tank group outside one single household storage tank group casing is arranged, have single household storage tank group in the casing, several single household storage tanks are arranged in the case group.Several single household heat collectors are arranged in single household heat collector group.On storage tank group casing inner face, have heat-insulation layer.Have external thermal insulation in the casing outside.One single household storage tank normally closed solenoid valve is arranged on single household storage tank connecting line.Between single household storage tank group and single household heat collector group, have single household heat collector pipeline group, wherein corresponding respectively single household storage tank and the single household heat collector of connecting of pipeline.Top in the single household storage tank has water-level temperature-controlled sensor.One intake-outlet is arranged at the bottom, left side at this water tank, on the top of intake-outlet one overfall is arranged.One electric heater is arranged at the bottom in this water tank.In single household storage tank bottom one indoor storage tank is arranged.One indoor water tank temperature control sensor is arranged in the bottom of indoor storage tank.There is an indoor water tank electric heater on the portion right side within it.In bottom, indoor storage tank left side one intake-outlet is arranged, one overfall is arranged on intake-outlet top.In the vacuum tube of solar energy single household heat collector, have metal composite superconduction heat exchanger tube.Have heat absorbing coating on the heat exchange pipe external surface.At this heat collector upper right quarter one temperature sensor is arranged.In system, be furnished with solar water heating system controller and water route intelligent controller.Single household heat collector, single household storage tank and indoor storage tank are connected by the upper and lower conduit line.On single household heat collector water-line, have the pipeline temperature control sensor.In the bottom of this sensor one normally closed solenoid valve is arranged.In the normally closed solenoid valve bottom one tee pipe fitting is arranged.In the bottom of this pipe fitting one watering pipeline water flow sensing unit is arranged, the normally closed non-return magnetic valve of a watering pipeline is arranged in the bottom of this sensor.One running water total valve is arranged below this valve.One temperature difference water circulating pump is arranged on the pipeloop of single household storage tank.On the intake-outlet water route of indoor storage tank, have normally open solenoid valve.In this valve bottom one one way stop peturn valve and booster water pump are arranged.One overflow gas exhaust piping is arranged on the overfall of two water tanks.One overflow pipe water flow sensing unit is arranged between gas exhaust piping and the floor drain.On running water total valve top one in-line filter is arranged.In-line filter top have one manually on the water polo valve.On last water polo valve upper pipeline, have and manually mix water valve.Between mixed water valve and water-line, an automatic constant temperature valve and water flow sensing unit are arranged.Between single household heat collector group and single household storage tank group, have single household heat exchange manifold group.Solar water heating system controller of the present invention and water route intelligent controller are connected electric heater in temperature sensor, pipeline temperature control sensor, two water tanks, each magnetic valve, water flow sensing unit, temperature difference water circulating pump etc. respectively with the electrical connection form.Solar energy single household heat collector, single household storage tank and indoor storage tank are connected by pipeline.
The present invention must build supporting installation with residential building.Single household heat collector group is gathered together by several single household heat collectors, and its quantity is by the quantity setting of building unit resident family.The heat collector group is installed on roof.The single household storage tank also is by the quantity setting of unit resident family, is installed in staircase or the appropriate location gets final product.It is indoor that indoor water tank is placed in resident family.Its using method and operation principle are: connect two intelligent controller power supplys, make each magnetic valve, water flow switch, temperature control water level controller in running order.When initially going up water, anhydrous in two water tanks, send signal by level sensor, related valve is opened in the controller action, realizes automatic loading water.When two water tanks reached designated water level, related valve was closed in the controller action, stopped to go up water.Water between single household storage tank and indoor storage tank in the pipeline makes the emptying of this section pipeline by the hydraulic current inner storing water case of entering the room.When making water, hot water is flowed out by indoor storage tank, when water level is reduced to setting value, and intelligent controller work, the water in the single household storage tank can be flowed directly to mixed water valve.Close mixed water valve after water, the water in the single household storage tank flows into indoor storage tank again.When indoor water storage tank water level arrived setting value, single household storage tank normally closed solenoid valve was closed.Water between single household storage tank and the indoor storage tank in the pipeline flows into indoor storage tank again, makes the emptying of this section pipeline.Electric heater in the water tank is to be used for preventing with water heating in the water tank, guaranteeing that the user uses hot water at any time under no sunlight of continuous several days cloudy daies or other situation.Can discharge by overflow pipe after two water tanks are gone up water unusually, filled with, this moment, overflow pipe water pipe sensor can send alarm.
Characteristics of the present invention are: single household heat collector group and single household storage tank group are all concentrated and are put, and not only seem in good order, prevent thunderbolt again and can not destroy the roof watertight composition, do not increase building cost, can not influence city look and feel again.Floor space is little, can guarantee that again every household can both use solar energy.Accomplish oneself to use, oneself is managed.Be the automaticity height in addition, can realize automatic loading water, timing water-feeding, and guarantee to go up under the abnormal conditions water security.In system, have indoor storage tank, the emptying automatically of the water after use in the pipeline in addition exactly.Not only make pipeline antifreeze, can in time be back to indoor storage tank to hot water in the pipeline again, avoid the waste of heat energy and water.Owing to have electric heater, can make the user under any circumstance all can use hot water.Exactly metal composite superconduction heat exchanger tube is arranged in the heat collector vacuum tube in addition,, do not have the unexpected broken drainage of vacuum heat collecting glass tube because water is to be subjected to thermal cycle in heat exchanger tube; Because heat exchanger tube is thinner, it is few to be filled with water again, and it is fast to absorb solar temperature rising by vacuum heat collection pipe.The present invention has solved a series of problems that existing product exists in the use.It is a kind of very good solar energy hot water system.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing is a structural representation of the present invention
Fig. 1 is a single household system architecture schematic diagram of the present invention
The normally closed non-return magnetic valve of 1-solar water heating system controller 2-water route intelligent controller 3-single household storage tank 4-indoor water storage case 5-water-level temperature-controlled sensor 6-indoor water tank water-level temperature-controlled sensor 7-watering pipeline 8-watering pipeline water flow sensing unit 9-tee pipe fitting 10-one way stop peturn valve 11-booster water pump 12-normally open solenoid valve 13-overflow pipe water pipe sensor 14-normally closed solenoid valve 15-temperature difference water circulating pump 16-normally closed solenoid valve 17-pipeline temperature control sensor 18-automatic constant temperature valve 19-water flow sensing unit 20-manually mixed water valve 21-indoor water tank electric heater 22-electric heater 23-overflow exhaust pipe road 24-temperature sensor 25-solar energy single household heat collector 26-metal composite superconduction heat exchange pipe 27-manually goes up water polo valve 28-in-line filter 29-running water total valve 30-floor drain
Arrow is a water (flow) direction
1. 2. 3. be water-line target
Fig. 2 is single household storage tank group of the present invention and single household heat collector group structural representation
3-single household storage tank 25-solar energy single household heat collector 31-single household heat collector group 32-single household storage tank group 33-single household heat collector pipeline group 34-single household storage tank group casing 35-heat-insulation layer 36-external thermal insulation
The specific embodiment
The present invention is achieved by following technical solution, its structure as shown in drawings: constitute by single household heat collector group (31), single household storage tank group casing (34).Concrete structure is: a single household storage tank group casing (34) is arranged in the outside of single household storage tank group (32), have several single household storage tanks (3) in the case group.On storage tank group casing inner face, have heat-insulation layer (35).Have external thermal insulation (36) in the casing outside.One single household storage tank normally closed solenoid valve (14) is arranged on single household storage tank connecting line.Between single household storage tank group and single household heat collector group, have single household heat collector pipeline group (33), wherein corresponding respectively single household storage tank and the single household heat collector of connecting of pipeline.Top in the single household storage tank has water-level temperature-controlled sensor (5).One intake-outlet is arranged at the bottom, left side at this water tank, on the top of intake-outlet one overfall is arranged.One electric heater (22) is arranged at the bottom in this water tank.One indoor water tank temperature control sensor (6) is arranged in the bottom of indoor water tank (4).There is an indoor water tank electric heater (21) on the portion right side within it.In bottom, indoor storage tank left side one intake-outlet is arranged, one overfall is arranged on intake-outlet top.In the vacuum tube of solar energy single household heat collector (25), have metal composite superconduction heat exchanger tube (26).Have heat absorbing coating on the heat exchange pipe external surface.At this heat collector upper right quarter one temperature sensor (24) is arranged.In system, be furnished with solar water heating system controller (1) and water route intelligent controller (2).Single household heat collector, single household storage tank and indoor storage tank are connected by the upper and lower conduit line.On single household heat collector water-line, have pipeline temperature control sensor (17).One normally closed solenoid valve (16) is arranged in the bottom of this sensor.One tee pipe fitting (9) is arranged in the normally closed solenoid valve bottom.In the bottom of this pipe fitting one watering pipeline water flow sensing unit (8) is arranged, the normally closed non-return magnetic valve of a watering pipeline (7) is arranged in the bottom of this sensor.One running water total valve (29) is arranged below this valve.One temperature difference water circulating pump (15) is arranged on the pipeloop of single household storage tank.On the intake-outlet water route of indoor storage tank, have normally open solenoid valve (12).One one way stop peturn valve (10) and booster water pump (11) are arranged in this valve bottom.One overflow gas exhaust piping (23) is arranged on the overfall of two water tanks.One overflow pipe water flow sensing unit (13) is arranged between gas exhaust piping and the floor drain (30).On running water total valve top one in-line filter (28) is arranged.In-line filter top have one manually on water polo valve (27).On last water polo valve upper pipeline, have and manually mix water valve (20).One automatic constant temperature valve (18) and water flow sensing unit (19) are arranged between mixed water valve and water-line.Between single household heat collector group and single household storage tank group, have single household heat exchange manifold group (33).Solar water heating system controller of the present invention and water route intelligent controller are connected electric heater in temperature sensor (24), pipeline temperature control sensor (17), two water tanks, each magnetic valve, water flow sensing unit, temperature difference water circulating pump (15) etc. respectively with the electrical connection form.Solar energy single household heat collector, single household storage tank and indoor storage tank are connected by pipeline.

Claims (4)

1, central authorities' single-apartment type intelligent solar energy hot water-making system, by single household heat collector group (31), single household storage tank group casing (34) constitutes, it is characterized in that: a single household storage tank group casing (34) is arranged in the outside of single household storage tank group (32), have several single household storage tanks (3) in the case group, on storage tank group casing inner face, have heat-insulation layer (35), have external thermal insulation (36) in the casing outside, one indoor storage tank (4) is arranged in single household storage tank bottom, several single household heat collectors (25) are arranged in single household heat collector group, in system, be furnished with solar water heating system controller (1) and water route intelligent controller (2), on single household heat collector water-line, have pipeline temperature control sensor (17), one normally closed solenoid valve (16) is arranged in the bottom of this sensor, one watering pipeline water flow sensing unit (8) is arranged in the bottom of tee pipe fitting, the normally closed non-return magnetic valve of one watering pipeline (7) is arranged in the bottom of water flow sensing unit, one temperature difference water circulating pump (15) is arranged on the pipeloop of single household storage tank, on the intake-outlet water route of indoor storage tank, have normally open solenoid valve (12), one one way stop peturn valve (10) and booster water pump (11) are arranged in the normally open solenoid valve bottom, one overflow pipe water flow sensing unit (13) is arranged between gas exhaust piping and the floor drain (30), in-line filter top have one manually on water polo valve (27), an automatic constant temperature valve (18) and water flow sensing unit (19) are arranged between mixed water valve and water-line.
2, the water system that heats according to claim 1 is characterized in that the top in the related single household storage tank has water-level temperature-controlled sensor (5), and an electric heater (22) is arranged at the bottom in the single household storage tank.
3, the water system that heats according to claim 1 is characterized in that an indoor water tank temperature control sensor (6) is arranged at the bottom in the related indoor storage tank, and there is an indoor water tank electric heater (21) on the portion right side within it.
4, the water system that heats according to claim 1, it is characterized in that in the vacuum tube of solar energy single household heat collector, having metal composite superconduction heat exchanger tube (26), have absorption film on the heat exchange pipe external surface, one temperature sensor (24) is arranged at single household heat collector upper right quarter.
CNA2007100115842A 2007-06-04 2007-06-04 Centralized single-apartment type intelligent solar energy hot water-making system Pending CN101059257A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2007100115842A CN101059257A (en) 2007-06-04 2007-06-04 Centralized single-apartment type intelligent solar energy hot water-making system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009129744A1 (en) * 2008-04-23 2009-10-29 Wang Ketao Detachable solar water heater and its working method
CN103629761A (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-12 昆山开思拓节能技术有限公司 Novel indoor comfort system operation device
CN103712359A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-04-09 张玉盛 Automatic water feeding type intelligent emptying solar water heating system
CN106016783A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-12 安徽省恒胜机电工程股份有限公司 Central hot water intelligent utilization system
CN106016439A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-12 安徽省恒胜机电工程股份有限公司 Central hot water recycling system
RU2758658C2 (en) * 2020-03-25 2021-11-01 Владимир Владимирович Гриценко System for accumulator electric heating

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2009129744A1 (en) * 2008-04-23 2009-10-29 Wang Ketao Detachable solar water heater and its working method
CN103629761A (en) * 2012-08-29 2014-03-12 昆山开思拓节能技术有限公司 Novel indoor comfort system operation device
CN103712359A (en) * 2014-01-17 2014-04-09 张玉盛 Automatic water feeding type intelligent emptying solar water heating system
CN103712359B (en) * 2014-01-17 2015-07-15 张玉盛 Automatic water feeding type intelligent emptying solar water heating system
CN106016783A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-12 安徽省恒胜机电工程股份有限公司 Central hot water intelligent utilization system
CN106016439A (en) * 2016-06-13 2016-10-12 安徽省恒胜机电工程股份有限公司 Central hot water recycling system
RU2758658C2 (en) * 2020-03-25 2021-11-01 Владимир Владимирович Гриценко System for accumulator electric heating

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