CN101046080B - Paving process and pre-fabricated member for water permeable terrace - Google Patents

Paving process and pre-fabricated member for water permeable terrace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101046080B
CN101046080B CN200610167512A CN200610167512A CN101046080B CN 101046080 B CN101046080 B CN 101046080B CN 200610167512 A CN200610167512 A CN 200610167512A CN 200610167512 A CN200610167512 A CN 200610167512A CN 101046080 B CN101046080 B CN 101046080B
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concrete
plane
prefabricated units
tile
hollow projection
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CN200610167512A
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CN101046080A (en
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周太泽
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Abstract

The present invention is paving process and prefabricated member for water permeable terrace. The prefabricated member formed with waste paper pulp has structure with turned cupped hollows and separating boards in the same plane. The construction process includes leveling and compacting soil floor, arranging the prefabricated members, depositing concrete to form concrete blocks with distributed water permeating holes, and filling cement mortar after curing. Water may be permeated from floor to underground via the gap in floor tiles and the water permeating holes in the concrete layer.

Description

Infiltration type pure flat terrace tile work job practices and prefabricated units
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of bottom is the terrace tile work job practices and the prefabricated units of watertight concrete, especially can make surface gathered water ooze pure flat terrace tile work job practices and the prefabricated units of letting out to underground natural.
Technical background
Use concrete pouring method for constructing terrace such as present known square, sidewalk, residential quarter, open car park, gardens make ground and stratum isolated fully, nature water can not recharge, surface gathered water problem particularly Large Square ponding problem is perplexing people always, becomes global problem.Grass planting land generally is to paste concrete sash grass planting behind fluid concrete, or manually pastes concrete sash training grass again in the layer of concrete punching, wastes time and energy; Some terrace is first shop one deck yellow sand on the basis of compacting directly, repaves one deck or two-layer, though can recharge nature water, the time is long, and the floor tile plane just can to occur concavo-convex.
Summary of the invention
In order to realize that terrace can make nature water recharge, can ensure that again collapse phenomenon does not appear in terrace surface, not only can satisfy pedestrian's walking, can also bear automobile parking, the pressure that travels, shearing force, the invention provides a kind of infiltration type pure flat terrace tile work job practices and prefabricated units.
The scheme that the present invention solves its technical problem is: according to laying terrace bearing pressure and floor tile shape, determine the hollow protruding quantity, shape of area, shape and the distribution of prefabricated units, highly, produce and cast the mould that paper products are used; Use natural decomposition to pour into a mould prefabricated units with adding additive one-shot formings such as earth, stone flour as the old paper stock or the string of string.The feature of prefabricated units is bottoms as the top of 5 to 30 centimetres of plane rule or 1 to 250 height of irregular distribution is conplane circle, square or polygonal hollow projection, and bossing at grade; Hollow projection is the class inverted cup, and it is an integral body that the bottom connects as a plane, and the plane, top is airtight, and the bottom is open to the back side, baseplane; The baseplane can also be wherein both sides have vertically upward, with the demarcation strip of the same height of hollow projection; The baseplane can be full real, for saving material, also can be hollow out, and area is 0.01 to 2.5 square metre square, rectangle, triangle or a polygonal body.
Prefabricated units are paper products, can be out of shape to some extent with road pavement form, can also big prefabricated units be cut randomly as required, so bend, area, corner can use.Prefabricated units are put fluid concrete behind the dirt floor of smooth degree of compaction about 90%, treat that layer of concrete carries out tile work after dry and hard.Tile work has dual mode, and a kind of cement mortar that is to use is pasted floor tile, a kind of direct tile work of yellow sand that is to use.Use cement mortar to paste the prefabricated units of the hollow projection of general employing regular distribution of floor tile, bossing has formed the class honeycomb infiltration hole that layer of concrete is reserved, limit between the floor tile of laying be bonded with each other a little with slit, the angle on limit or two jiaos on one side binding sites be positioned at layer of concrete and seep water above the hole, the prefabricated units height is lower than or is equivalent to the thickness of floor tile baseplane to the layer of concrete of dirt floor.Use the prefabricated units that can adopt the hollow projection of irregular distribution of yellow sand tile work, fluid concrete is to the same plane of hollow projection, piercing through hollow projection fills out sand and pours water, yellow sand fills up hole and exceeds 1 to 7 centimetre on layer of concrete plane, closely knit tile work carries out whole compacting with the road roller about 2 tons to the brick face.Traditional concrete placement uses plank to separate, and produces the harmomegathus seam, the big fracture easily of concrete plate; Use the floor tile single or multiple lift directly to lay the little easy local sedimentation of area.Under the effect of prefabricated units demarcation strip, layer of concrete forms 0.01 to 2.5 square metre square, rectangle, triangle or polygonal body small plate, effectively solves the layer of concrete fracture that the macroplate vibrations cause and the old problem of the easy sedimentation of little floor tile.Simultaneously, because natural water recharges, the certain moisture of soil conservation plays " skeleton " effect, produces better anti-settling capacity; Behind the tile work, be connected by floor tile between plate and the plate, make the ground pressurized evenly be transmitted to adjacent plate, solved the edge resistance to compression problem of rigid pavement.Therefore compare with the macroplate concrete, small plate under the prefabricated units effect, under equal pressure condition, its thickness can reduce 40%, as stopping pad be that tile work just can reach desirable resistance to compression effect on 25 centimetres of bases at concrete thickness, and the job practices concrete thickness of use prefabricated units needs only 15 centimetres, significantly energy conservation.Job practices of the present invention and prefabricated units also can be built carriage way, preferably use yellow sand tile work method for runway, and floor tile thickness is at 8 to 12 centimetres.Because sand bed can thoroughly be eliminated road surface driving shearing force, what shearing force was destroyed is the floor tile on top layer.If the seepage of water pitch of 5 to 12 centimetres of layer thicknesses is poured into a mould in the whole compacting of the road roller that uses about 5 tons on the brick face of tile work, what shearing force was destroyed so mainly is the pitch on top layer, and floor tile and layer of concrete are had protective effect.The terrace that can seep water, road, the ponding on road surface can be let out to underground oozing fast by the slit, and seepage of water pitch is moisture can be got rid of fast, helps the road surface maintenance, and terrace, road do not need to rely on batter drainage yet simultaneously, can build pure flat road surface.
Benefit of the present invention is to realize recharging of nature water, slows down the stratum and descends; Can digest surface pond fast, eliminate puzzlement people life problem for many years; Prefabricated units are simple for production, save human and material resources greatly, also will obtain the coml success in the time of energy-conservation; The prefabricated units height is decided by bearing pressure, and the adjustment yardstick that can suit measures to local conditions is protected quality.Layer of concrete under effect of the present invention can be laid arbitrary shape, material floor tile, both has been applicable to People's Bank of China, also is applicable to garage.
Description of drawings
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is a prefabricated units vertical view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the prefabricated units sectional drawings.
Fig. 3 is the fluid concrete vertical view.
Fig. 4 is the fluid concrete sectional drawing.
Fig. 5 is that cement mortar is pasted the floor tile vertical view.
Fig. 6 is that cement mortar is pasted the floor tile sectional drawing.
Fig. 7 is the prefabricated units that are distributed with irregular projection.
Fig. 8 is the sectional drawing behind the fluid concrete.
Fig. 9 fills the yellow sand sectional drawing.
Figure 10 is a yellow sand tile work vertical view.
Figure 11 is a yellow sand tile work sectional drawing.
Figure 12 is a pitch paying sectional drawing behind the yellow sand tile work.
Among the figure: 1. plane, top, 2. baseplane, 3. projection, 4. demarcation strip, 5. hollow out, 6. concrete, 7. infiltration hole, 8. cement mortar, 9. floor tile, 10. yellow sand, 11, pitch.
The specific embodiment
In Fig. 1,2, prefabricated units are made of a plurality of regularly arranged projectioies (3) and demarcation strip (4), baseplane (2) couples together all projectioies (3), and plane, top (1) is the top of projection (3), and the plane, top (1) of each projection (3) and the top of demarcation strip (4) are on same plane; Projection (3) is hollow, and the top is airtight, and the bottom is open to the back side, baseplane (2).Baseplane (2) can be full real, also can be hollow out, and shown in (Fig. 1), hollow out (5) is distributed in baseplane (2).For improving engineering construction efficient, ensure that simultaneously concrete has strong anti-settling capacity, anti-disruptive force, hollow paper area of members is good with about 0.5 to 1 square metre size.
What Fig. 3, prefabricated units closely linked to each other is placed on smooth closely knit about 90% the dirt floor, and fluid concrete forms the concrete (6) a little less than about (1) 2 centimetre on the plane, top of projection (3), being distributed in the middle of the concrete (6) of projection (3) rule.
Fig. 4 as seen, concrete (6) is a little less than plane, top (1) and the demarcation strip (4) of projection (3), the space that this segment space is reserved as tile work.
Among Fig. 5,6, pierce through projection (3) and form infiltration hole (7) on dry and hard concrete (6), concrete (6) filling concrete mortar (8) is pasted and is laid floor tile (9), and the angle between the floor tile mutually combines and a little is positioned at infiltration hole (7) top.
In Fig. 7, prefabricated units are made of the projection (3) and the demarcation strip (4) of a plurality of irregular alignments, baseplane (2) couples together all projectioies (3), and plane, top (1) is the top of projection (3), and the plane, top (1) of each projection (3) and the top of demarcation strip (4) are on same plane; Projection (3) is hollow, and the top is airtight, and the bottom is open to the back side, baseplane (2).For improving engineering construction efficient, ensure that simultaneously concrete has strong anti-settling capacity, anti-disruptive force, hollow paper area of members is good with about 0.5 to 1 square metre size.
Among Fig. 8, what prefabricated units closely linked to each other is placed on smooth closely knit 90% left and right sides dirt floor, fluid concrete, and the concrete (6) of plane, top (1) sustained height of formation and projection (3), projection (3) is irregular to be distributed in the middle of the concrete (6).
Among Fig. 9,10,11, on dry and hard concrete (6), pierce through projection (3) and form infiltration hole (7), fill yellow sand and be full of infiltration hole (7) and be higher than concrete (6), closely knitly exceed concrete (6) and the infiltration hole becomes yellow sand (10) for (7) 1 to 7 centimetres, laying floor tile (9) through pouring water.Should note the span between the small plate that prefabricated units form during tile work, floor tile (9) carries out with the seam of corresponding two small plates of center line.Because infiltration hole (7) be irregular distribution, and yellow sand has good seepage of water, do not need corresponding infiltration hole (7) tile work, promptly floor tile (9) is corresponding floor tile (9) the center line laying of seam between the small plate that forms with prefabricated units.After laying floor tile formation terrace,, yellow sand (10) and floor tile (9) are closely agreed with little road roller compacting brick face.
Among Figure 12, with the brick face of 5 tons of left and right sides road roller compactings one brick (9) formation everywhere, yellow sand (10) and floor tile (9) are closely agreed with, cast seepage of water pitch, form pitch (11) road surface through the road roller compacting, the road surface current can be let out to underground oozing by pitch (11), yellow sand (10).

Claims (7)

1. the pure flat terrace tile work of infiltration type prefabricated units, it is characterized in that using secondary stock or string interpolation earth, stone flour material to be shaped through the mould once-cast, thickness is 0.5 to 7 millimeter, and the bottom is conplane polygon hollow projection as the top of plane rule or 5 to 30 centimetres of 1 to 250 height of distributing brokenly.
2. the described prefabricated units of claim 1 is characterized in that hollow projection is the class inverted cup, and it is an integral body that the bottom connects as a plane, and the plane, top is airtight, and the bottom is open to the back side, baseplane.
3. described prefabricated units of claim 1, it is characterized in that the bottom as a plane can also be wherein both sides have vertically upward, with the demarcation strip of the same height of hollow projection.
4. the described prefabricated units of claim 1 is characterized in that the bottom can be full real as a plane, also can be hollow outs, and area is 0.01 to 2.5 square metre a polygonal body.
5. the pure flat terrace tile work of infiltration type job practices, it is characterized in that using as the arbitrary described prefabricated units of claim 1-4, conjointly be placed on the dirt floor of smooth compacting in order, the hollow projection of prefabricated units forms the infiltration hole for the class honeycomb structure is distributed in layer of concrete behind the fluid concrete, lay floor tile and form ground on dry and hard layer of concrete, the water on ground is let out to underground oozing through layer of concrete infiltration hole by the floor tile slit.
6. the described job practices of claim 5 is characterized in that fluid concrete to the same plane of hollow projection, pierces through hollow projection and fills out sand, and yellow sand is poured water and closely knitly filled up hole and exceed 1 to 7 centimetre on layer of concrete plane, tile work.
7. the described job practices of claim 5 is characterized in that laying floor tile after the permeable pitch of one deck is poured into a mould in the road roller compacting.
CN200610167512A 2006-11-06 2006-11-06 Paving process and pre-fabricated member for water permeable terrace Expired - Fee Related CN101046080B (en)

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CN200610167512A CN101046080B (en) 2006-11-06 2006-11-06 Paving process and pre-fabricated member for water permeable terrace

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102912704B (en) * 2011-12-27 2015-09-09 于天庆 A kind of assembling road of road structure
CN106012755A (en) * 2016-06-15 2016-10-12 苏州园林营造产业股份有限公司 Garden road surface paving method
CN106833685B (en) * 2017-02-24 2022-08-05 中冶焦耐(大连)工程技术有限公司 Bracket structure of dry quenching furnace

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1386591A (en) * 1971-01-11 1975-03-12 Blackburn J Methods of producing pavement-like sites

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1386591A (en) * 1971-01-11 1975-03-12 Blackburn J Methods of producing pavement-like sites

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