CN100522659C - Production technique of cloth watercolor - Google Patents

Production technique of cloth watercolor Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100522659C
CN100522659C CNB2006100474997A CN200610047499A CN100522659C CN 100522659 C CN100522659 C CN 100522659C CN B2006100474997 A CNB2006100474997 A CN B2006100474997A CN 200610047499 A CN200610047499 A CN 200610047499A CN 100522659 C CN100522659 C CN 100522659C
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China
Prior art keywords
watercolor
painting canvas
cloth
canvas
painting
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2006100474997A
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CN1907735A (en
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白崇录
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白崇录
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Abstract

The invention relates to a method for producing cloth watercolor, which comprises: selecting the canvas with white bottom dope; using caustic soda water solution to degrease the surface of caustic soda; then flattening the surface and clearing the hair fiber on the surface, to form white smooth surface; drying and drawing the watercolor; then plating transparent sealing waterproof dammar rein film on the watercolor. With said invention, the watercolor has long service life as oil painting; since the cloth has stronger flexibility then the paper, it can increase the plasticity of drawing.

Description

A kind of production technique of cloth watercolor
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of watercolor manufacture craft, more particularly relate to a kind of production technique of cloth watercolor, be suitable for paint in water colors on cloth cover.
Background technology
Watercolor is that water is mixed colours, a traditional artistic pictures kind of drawing a picture on drawing paper.Watercolor is by the interaction of " water " and " look " and the painted characteristic of drawing paper, can produce the sensation that pure and fresh entertaining, bright and beautiful tone and pine soften on drawing paper.Because the basis of watercolor is a drawing paper, add utilization transparent or semitransparent, that can see through the water-soluble pigment that chromatograph displays, make watercolor become more clear, gorgeous, graceful, have other and draw an artistic characteristics and the charm that kind can't replace.Therefore, watercolor develops prosperity so far, Sheng does not wane for a long time.But, this watercolor is owing to be to draw a picture on drawing paper, drawing paper make moist easily again suction, corrosion is rotten and wearing and tearing, and easily oxidation behind the long-term ingress of air in drawing paper surface, variable color, jaundice, even it is mouldy, can't cause the artistic value of watercolor not embodied fully as the permanent preservation of oil painting.Therefore, the tanka of the Art Museum seldom has the watercolor works, greatly reduces the reserve value of the watercolor art work.Though the intensity of canvas, toughness and life-span all are far longer than drawing paper, but because grease is contained on its surface of canvas, watercolor can't be painted on the oil painting cloth cover, more can't according to the skill and technique of watercolor with require on the canvas as watercolor that on drawing paper, draws, brought inconvenience to the keeping of watercolor with collection.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this invention is to provide a kind of production technique of cloth watercolor, it not only can use exclusive artistic characteristics and the charm of watercolor water outlet colour painting on canvas, but also can improve the reserve value of watercolor greatly as the permanent preservation of oil painting.
Production technique of cloth watercolor of the present invention is: (1) select tape adularescent is drawn the canvas of primer, and canvas is followed closely on picture frame; (2) degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas surface, eliminate the grease on the painting canvas cloth cover; (3) smooth processing is carried out on the painting canvas surface, the painting canvas of top layer degreasing is polished repeatedly with white cotton gauze, remove the hairy fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) painting canvas is carried out drying and handle,, place the ventilation thoroughly to dry in the shade again the blower fan drying of the painting canvas after degreasing, the surfacing; (5) on painting canvas with watercolor and watercolor instrument, adopt conventional Drawing Towards Watercolor, cloth watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is carried out drying and handle, make the cloth watercolor finish-drying; (7) at last spray on the picture of dried cloth watercolor transparent, waterproof, with the resin molding of air insulated.
Advantage of the present invention is owing to only with degreasing agent canvas is carried out ungrease treatment, just can press skill and technique paint in water colors on canvas of watercolor with watercolor, and technology to be simple, operation is very easy; Again owing on the picture of cloth watercolor, spray the resin molding of layer of transparent, waterproof and air insulated, both changed the deficiency at the bottom of the watercolor Hard copy intensity, solved again that watercolor is anticorrosion, waterproof, solid technical barrier forever, can make cloth watercolor reach with canvas print with the permanent life-span; Cloth cover has bigger toughness than paper simultaneously, therefore increased the plasticity of watercolor, the whole pictorial skills that not only kept the paper watercolor, can also further bring oil painting skill in the cloth cover watercolor into, promoted the expressive force of watercolor, expanded the pictorial skill of watercolor, the art collection that has improved watercolor greatly is worth.
The specific embodiment
, be described in further detail production technique of cloth watercolor of the present invention below in conjunction with embodiment.
Embodiment one:
(1) selecting thin painting canvas class, is 500 gram/m with model 2Phoenix brand general anesthesia material, have canvas nail that white draws primer on picture frame, tension all around, flat as drum face; (2) described degreasing agent is 15% sodium hydrate aqueous solution, and NaOH is commonly called as caustic soda, is a kind of alkali extremely commonly used, and its solution can be used as cleaning solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hairy fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 5 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft on dried painting canvas is polished in degreasing, is adopted the conventional watercolor technique of painting with watercolor and watercolor instrument on painting canvas, watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 7 days; (7) at last dried cloth watercolor is set level; the oil painting dedicated transparent of coating the production of Zhengzhou heavenly steed art painting Co., Ltd with hairbrush reaches the agate oil polish; reach the mixed solution that the agate oil polish adopts gum dammar and turpentine oil (1:3) to make; use reaches the agate oil polish can make the watercolor of finishing have more the transparency; moist sense and deep harmony sense; and has fixedly pigment; make it recover its intrinsic color; cut off picture and air; the direct contact of moisture; anti-oxidation; the effect of protection picture, brushing in 60 minutes is once brushed 5 times altogether; make gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment two:
(1) selecting thin painting canvas type, is 500 gram/m with model 2Phoenix brand general anesthesia material, have canvas nail that white draws primer on picture frame, tension all around, flat as drum face; (2) described degreasing agent is the 15% light-coloured vinegar aqueous solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hairy fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 5 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft on dried painting canvas is polished in degreasing, is adopted the conventional watercolor technique of painting with watercolor and watercolor instrument on painting canvas, watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 7 days; (7) at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, coated the oil painting dedicated transparent with hairbrush and reach the agate oil polish, brushing in 60 minutes is once brushed 5 times altogether, makes gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, has promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment three:
(1) selecting thin painting canvas type, is 500 gram/m with model 2Phoenix brand general anesthesia material, have canvas nail that white draws primer on picture frame, tension all around, flat as drum face; (2) described degreasing agent is the 15% sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution, the chemical name of sodium bicarbonate is sodium acid carbonate, be white crystalline powder, energy is water-soluble to be a kind of weak base, it has soft corrosiveness, can make cleaning agent, degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably, ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer with hairbrush; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hairy fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 5 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft on dried painting canvas is polished in degreasing, is adopted the conventional watercolor technique of painting with watercolor and watercolor instrument on painting canvas, watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 7 days; (7) at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, coated the oil painting dedicated transparent with hairbrush and reach the agate oil polish, brushing in 60 minutes is once brushed 5 times altogether, makes gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, has promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment four:
(1) choosing the painting canvas of equal thickness, is 1000 gram/m with model 2The cotton canvas nail that has white picture primer is on picture frame, and tension is all around put down as the face of drum; (2) described degreasing agent is 25% sodium hydrate aqueous solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably again, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hair shape cotton fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 5 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft on dried painting canvas is polished in degreasing, is adopted the conventional watercolor technique of painting with watercolor and watercolor instrument on painting canvas, watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 10 days; (7) at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, reaching the agate oil polish with commercial bucket formula spraying dress becomes miter angle evenly to spray 10 times apart from picture 30cm place, nozzle with picture, every time 20 minutes at interval, make gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment five:
(1) choosing the painting canvas of equal thickness, is 1000 gram/m with model 2The cotton canvas nail that has white picture primer is on picture frame, and tension is all around put down as the face of drum; (2) described degreasing agent is the 25% light-coloured vinegar aqueous solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably again, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hair shape cotton fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 5 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft on dried painting canvas is polished in degreasing, is adopted the conventional watercolor technique of painting with watercolor and watercolor instrument on painting canvas, watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 10 days; (7) at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, become miter angle evenly to spray 10 times with commercial bucket formula gum dammar aerosol with picture apart from picture 30cm place, nozzle, every time 20 minutes at interval, make gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment six:
(1) choosing the painting canvas of equal thickness, is 1000 gram/m with model 2The cotton canvas nail that has white picture primer is on picture frame, and tension is all around put down as the face of drum; (2) described degreasing agent is the 25% sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably again, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hair shape cotton fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 5 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft on dried painting canvas is polished in degreasing, is adopted the conventional watercolor technique of painting with watercolor and watercolor instrument on painting canvas, watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 10 days; (7) at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, become miter angle evenly to spray 10 times with commercial bucket formula gum dammar aerosol with picture apart from picture 30cm place, nozzle, every time 20 minutes at interval, make gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment seven:
(1) selects 1300 gram/m 2, thick and heavy, coarse groove is not made the painting canvas of bed material, the painting canvas nail on wooden frame, tension all around, flat as the drum face, the brush primer, the milky white adhesive with 80% adds 20% water, make milky white glue, be evenly coated on the painting canvas, reach the effect of sealing the fibrous woven hole, dry 48 hours then with scrub-brush.Again oil painting white bed material is scraped on the painting canvas uniformly with big scraper, scrape twice altogether, make cloth cover form uniform coating, be placed on a shady and cool dry dry week of place.(2) described degreasing agent is 35% sodium hydrate aqueous solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer, embrocates 2 times; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hair shape cotton fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 2 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft, because painting canvas is slightly thick, woven design is big, there is tangible convex-concave on the surface.When watercolors, can form extensive texture.Therefore be fit to the comparatively rough subject matter of performance.Various painting canvas and texture must form different watercolor tastes.This artist for different artistic styles provides the creation basis; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 15 days; (7) do diaphragm: after cloth watercolor is intact, at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, used dry gauze earlier, picture is wiped clean, get final product coating protective film.Diaphragm is selected the special-purpose gum dammar fixer of oil painting spray for use, and nozzle becomes miter angle evenly to spray 10 times apart from picture 30cm place, nozzle with picture, and every time 20 minutes at interval, make gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment eight:
(1) selects 1300 gram/m 2, thick and heavy, coarse groove is not made the painting canvas of bed material, the painting canvas nail on wooden frame, tension all around, flat as the drum face, the brush primer, the milky white adhesive with 80% adds 20% water, make milky white glue, be evenly coated on the painting canvas, reach the effect of sealing the fibrous woven hole, dry 48 hours then with scrub-brush.Again oil painting white bed material is scraped on the painting canvas uniformly with big scraper, scrape twice altogether, make cloth cover form uniform coating, be placed on a shady and cool dry dry week of place.(2) described degreasing agent is the 35% light-coloured vinegar aqueous solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer, embrocates 2 times; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hair shape cotton fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 2 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft, because painting canvas is slightly thick, woven design is big, there is tangible convex-concave on the surface.When watercolors, can form extensive texture.Therefore be fit to the comparatively rough subject matter of performance.Various painting canvas and texture must form different watercolor tastes.This artist for different artistic styles provides the creation basis; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 15 days; (7) do diaphragm: after cloth watercolor is intact, at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, used dry gauze earlier, picture is wiped clean, get final product coating protective film.Diaphragm is selected the special-purpose gum dammar fixer of oil painting spray for use, and nozzle becomes miter angle evenly to spray 10 times apart from picture 30cm place, nozzle with picture, and every time 20 minutes at interval, make gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.
Embodiment nine:
(1) selects 1300 gram/m 2, thick and heavy, coarse groove is not made the painting canvas of bed material, the painting canvas nail on wooden frame, tension all around, flat as the drum face, the brush primer, the milky white adhesive with 80% adds 20% water, make milky white glue, be evenly coated on the painting canvas, reach the effect of sealing the fibrous woven hole, dry 48 hours then with scrub-brush.Again oil painting white bed material is scraped on the painting canvas uniformly with big scraper, scrape twice altogether, make cloth cover form uniform coating, be placed on a shady and cool dry dry week of place.(2) described degreasing agent is the 35% sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution, with hairbrush degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably, and ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas top layer, embrocates 2 times; (3) again the painting canvas after the degreasing is polished repeatedly with cotton gauze, remove the hair shape cotton fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) with the painting canvas blower fan drying after the degreasing polishing, place the ventilation to dry in the shade again 2 days, make its finish-drying; (5) colouring of making a draft, because painting canvas is slightly thick, woven design is big, there is tangible convex-concave on the surface.When watercolors, can form extensive texture.Therefore be fit to the comparatively rough subject matter of performance.Various painting canvas and texture must form different watercolor tastes.This artist for different artistic styles provides the creation basis; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is placed aeration-drying place dried in the shade 15 days; (7) do diaphragm: after cloth watercolor is intact, at last dried cloth watercolor is set level, used dry gauze earlier, picture is wiped clean, get final product coating protective film.Diaphragm is selected the special-purpose gum dammar fixer of oil painting spray for use, and nozzle becomes miter angle evenly to spray 10 times apart from picture 30cm place, nozzle with picture, and every time 20 minutes at interval, make gum dammar thickness 0.5mm, promptly finished production technique of cloth watercolor.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of production technique of cloth watercolor is characterized in that: (1) select tape adularescent is drawn the canvas of primer, and canvas is followed closely on picture frame; (2) degreasing agent is coated on the painting canvas equably ungrease treatment is carried out on the painting canvas surface, eliminate the grease on the canvas cloth cover; (3) smooth processing is carried out on the painting canvas surface: the painting canvas of top layer degreasing is polished repeatedly with white cotton gauze, remove the hairy fiber that the painting canvas surface erects, the painting canvas surface is formed at the bottom of the smooth picture of white; (4) painting canvas is carried out drying and handle,, place the ventilation thoroughly to dry in the shade again the blower fan drying of the painting canvas after degreasing, the surfacing; (5) on painting canvas with watercolor and watercolor instrument, adopt conventional Drawing Towards Watercolor, watercolor draws; (6) cloth watercolor that paints is carried out drying and handle, make the cloth watercolor finish-drying; (7) at last spray on the picture of dried cloth watercolor transparent, waterproof, with the resin molding of air insulated.
2, production technique of cloth watercolor according to claim 1 is characterized in that its model of described canvas is 500-1300 gram/m 2
3, production technique of cloth watercolor according to claim 1 is characterized in that described degreasing agent is the sodium hydrate aqueous solution of 15-35%, the light-coloured vinegar aqueous solution of 15-35% or the sodium bicarbonate aqueous solution of 15-35%.
4, production technique of cloth watercolor according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described transparent, waterproof, with the resin molding of air insulated for reaching the agate oil polish.
CNB2006100474997A 2006-08-22 2006-08-22 Production technique of cloth watercolor Expired - Fee Related CN100522659C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100474997A CN100522659C (en) 2006-08-22 2006-08-22 Production technique of cloth watercolor

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2006100474997A CN100522659C (en) 2006-08-22 2006-08-22 Production technique of cloth watercolor

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CN1907735A CN1907735A (en) 2007-02-07
CN100522659C true CN100522659C (en) 2009-08-05

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103483892B (en) * 2013-08-14 2015-09-09 苏州康华净化系统工程有限公司 A kind of cleaning shop water-resisting agent
CN106314011B (en) * 2016-09-29 2019-04-23 新乡学院 A kind of manufacture craft of waterproof canvas

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