CN100451267C - Panelling with edging and laying aid - Google Patents

Panelling with edging and laying aid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100451267C
CN100451267C CN 03811111 CN03811111A CN100451267C CN 100451267 C CN100451267 C CN 100451267C CN 03811111 CN03811111 CN 03811111 CN 03811111 A CN03811111 A CN 03811111A CN 100451267 C CN100451267 C CN 100451267C
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China
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rod
member
panel
according
group
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CN 03811111
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1653238A (en
Inventor
亚历山大·P·格罗斯
梅克·莫巴斯
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克罗诺斯潘技术有限公司
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Priority to DE20205774U priority Critical patent/DE20205774U1/en
Priority to DE20205774.7 priority
Priority to DE20211263.2 priority
Priority to DE20211263U priority patent/DE20211263U1/en
Application filed by 克罗诺斯潘技术有限公司 filed Critical 克罗诺斯潘技术有限公司
Publication of CN1653238A publication Critical patent/CN1653238A/en
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Publication of CN100451267C publication Critical patent/CN100451267C/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F21/00Implements for finishing work on buildings
    • E04F21/20Implements for finishing work on buildings for laying flooring
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F13/00Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings
    • E04F13/07Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor
    • E04F13/08Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements
    • E04F13/0889Coverings or linings, e.g. for walls or ceilings composed of covering or lining elements; Sub-structures therefor; Fastening means therefor composed of a plurality of similar covering or lining elements characterised by the joints between neighbouring elements, e.g. with joint fillings or with tongue and groove connections
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/02005Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips
    • E04F15/02016Construction of joints, e.g. dividing strips with sealing elements between flooring elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F15/00Flooring
    • E04F15/02Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements
    • E04F15/04Flooring or floor layers composed of a number of similar elements only of wood or with a top layer of wood, e.g. with wooden or metal connecting members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0107Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels substantially in their own plane, perpendicular to the abutting edges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0138Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by moving the sheets, plates or panels perpendicular to the main plane
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/01Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship
    • E04F2201/0153Joining sheets, plates or panels with edges in abutting relationship by rotating the sheets, plates or panels around an axis which is parallel to the abutting edges, possibly combined with a sliding movement
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04FFINISHING WORK ON BUILDINGS, e.g. STAIRS, FLOORS
    • E04F2201/00Joining sheets or plates or panels
    • E04F2201/05Separate connectors or inserts, e.g. pegs, pins, keys or strips
    • E04F2201/0523Separate tongues; Interlocking keys, e.g. joining mouldings of circular, square or rectangular shape

Abstract

本发明涉及一种用于形成铺面、尤其是地板铺面的构件组。 The present invention relates to a method for forming a pavement, in particular a member of the group floor coverings. 这些构件包括一些嵌板(1、2、2a),它们有如此构型的连接部分(3、12、6、14),即,将两块嵌板(1、2、2a)既能垂直于共同的接缝(11)并与此同时平行于表面(9)也能垂直于公共的表面(9)通过形状封闭地连接。 These components include a number of panels (1,2,2a), they have such a configuration of connecting portion (3,12,6,14), i.e., the two panels (1,2,2a) perpendicular to both common seam (11) and at the same time parallel to the surface (9) also perpendicular to the common surface (9) is connected by form closure. 绳状或杆状元件(18、22、32)处于嵌板(1、2、2a)之间的一个凹槽(11、23)内以及优选地借助铺设辅助器置于嵌板之间。 Rope or rod-like elements (18,22,32) being located in a recess (11, 23) between the panels (1,2,2a) and preferably between the panels placed by the laying aid. 用按本发明的地板铺面可以配备特别大的房间。 With floor coverings according to the present invention may be provided with a particularly large room. 此外,当绳状或杆状元件(18、22、32)在表面(9)上可看到时,可取得新颖的视觉效果。 Further, when the string-like or rod-like elements (18,22,32) can be seen on the surface (9), a novel visual effects can be obtained. 连接缝(11)还能做到特别好的防潮和防尘。 Connecting seam (11) can still do a particularly good moisture and dust.

Description

有边缘的嵌板和铺设辅助器 There edges of panels and laying aids

技术领域 FIELD

本发明涉及一种制造铺面的构件组。 The present invention relates to a method of manufacturing the pavement member group. 该构件组尤其包括一块嵌板,它可与第二块嵌板形状封闭地连接,从而不仅垂直于公共表面而且垂直于共同的连接缝及同时平行于公共表面地存在互锁,若这些嵌板按本发明用作地板或墙衬的铺面,便可免用胶水。 In particular, the group comprises a panel member, which can be connected to the second closure panel block shape, so that not only perpendicular to the common surface and perpendicular to a common connecting seam parallel to and at the same time present an interlocking manner to the common surface, if these panels according to the present invention as a floor or wall lining tiles, you can avoid using glue.

背景技术 Background technique

前言所述的嵌板例如由文件US 6324803 Bl或EP 0698162 Bl已知。 Introduction of the panel, for example, from the document US 6324803 Bl or EP 0698162 Bl known. 已知的嵌板借助于槽-榫头连接与第二块嵌板垂直于嵌板的公共表面形状封闭地互锁。 By means known in the groove panel - tenons of panels perpendicularly connected to the second interlocking closure to shape a common surface of the panel. 槽包括一个上侧边缘和一个下侧边缘。 It includes a groove on a side edge and a lower edge. 下侧边缘比上侧边缘长以及在端部有伸出的互锁部分。 The side edges have interlocking portion projecting length than the upper and side edges at the ends. 在连接状态,伸出的互锁部分啮合在一个制在相邻嵌板下方的凹槽内。 In the connected state, the interlocking engagement portion projecting in a recess made in the lower adjacent panel. 由此达到形状封闭的互锁,这种互锁作用涉及平行于两块嵌板的公共表面以及同时垂直于两块嵌板的公共接缝。 Thereby achieving a closed interlocking shape, which relates to the interlocking effect parallel to the common surface as well as two public panel seams perpendicular to both of the two panels.

在两块嵌板的互锁状态,在伸出的互锁部分与凹槽之间留下一个间隙, 借此主要使一块嵌板可以相对于另一块嵌板沿公共的连接缝小量移动。 In the interlocked state of the two panels, the interlocking portions between the recess and the projecting leaving a gap, whereby the main panel so that a panel with respect to one another along a common seam small mobile connection. 从伸出的侧面到互锁部分的过渡区垂直地延伸。 It extends from a side of transition area extending interlocking portion perpendicularly. 也就是说互锁部分垂直地沿高度伸出。 That interlocking portion projecting in a direction perpendicular to the height. 在相邻嵌板下方的凹槽有壁,它们垂直于嵌板的公共表面延伸。 In the bottom panel adjacent the groove has walls that extend perpendicular to the common surface of the panel. 因此在互锁状态,凹槽的一个垂直延伸的壁或接触面与伸出的互锁部分的一个垂直延伸的壁或接触面相遇。 Therefore, in the interlocked state, the contact surface of the wall or walls or surfaces in contact with a groove extending vertically with a vertical extending interlocking portion projecting encounter. 由此保证嵌板在铺设状态当受较大的力作用时不会错误地彼此脱开。 This ensures that not mistakenly disengaged from each other when laying the panels in a state when receiving large force.

间隙也还是需要的,以便尽管有上述垂直的壁,两块嵌板例如仍能通过绕公共的连接缝的旋转运动连接。 The gap is still required, so that despite the said vertical wall, for example, still two panels by a common connecting seam connection about the rotational movement. 在上述文件中说明了可以存在2/10mm的间隙。 Described in the above documents gap 2 / 10mm may exist.

可用来制造前言所述类型的嵌板的材料原则上可以任选。 In principle, material may optionally be used to make panels of the type mentioned. 但按本发明尤其涉及全部或主要用木材制品制成的嵌板。 However, according to the present invention particularly relates to panels made wholly or primarily wood products. 在一种镶木地板中嵌板可以完全 In a parquet floor panels can be completely

用木材制造。 Made of wood. 作为替换方案,镶木地板可包括一支承板,它例如由HDF或MDF制成。 As an alternative, parquet flooring may comprise a supporting plate which is made of e.g. HDF or MDF. 在支承板上面加上一层或多层镶木地板。 Above the support plate with a layer or multi-layer parquet flooring. 在支承板下面可以加上一个涂层或一张纸,以便造成反拉力避免变形。 In the following the support plate may be added or a coated sheet of paper, so as to cause counter-force to avoid distortion. 此外已知可不用胶水互相 Also known each other without glue

连接的嵌板,它们全部或主要用塑料制成,例如可见文件US 04426820。 The panels are connected, they are wholly or mainly made of plastics, for example, be found in document US 04426820.

本发明还尤其涉及一种层合塑料地板。 In particular, the present invention also relates to a laminated plastic floor. 它包括由木材制品制的支承板。 It comprises a support plate made from wood products. 作为木材制品当前优选HDF或MDF。 As presently preferred wood products HDF or MDF. 另一种典型的木材制品由粘合木屑构成。 Another typical bonding wood products consists of wood chips. 在支承板上面加上一个装饰层,它包括装饰纸和保护层。 Plus a decorative layer above the support plate, comprising a decorative paper and a protective layer. 保护层尤其由一种树脂构成,它尤其含有耐磨颗粒如金刚砂或SiC。 In particular, the protective layer is composed of a resin, it is especially comprising wear resistant particles such as silicon carbide or SiC. 在支承板下面加一层反拉力纸,以避免上述变形。 In the following the support plate plus counteracting paper layer, to prevent the above modification.

当前有一种征兆是重视工程层合塑料并由此越来越多地制成嵌板。 There is currently a symptom importance of engineering plastic laminate and thus more and more made panels. 这些嵌板尤其用作地板铺面。 These panels are particularly useful as floor coating.

在制造时浸渍过树脂的纸与支承板一起供入压力机。 Paper impregnated with the resin supporting plate during the manufacture of presses fed together. 在加热和加压的条件下,纸与支承板粘合。 Under conditions of heat and pressure, the adhesive sheet and the support plate. 在这里,装饰纸已经有含耐磨颗粒的层。 Here, the decorative paper has a layer comprising abrasion resistant particles.

按本发明类型的嵌板可包括上述特征的一项或多项。 According to the present invention, the type of panel may include one or more of the above features.

专业界意识到上述间隙是有害的,因为灰尘和水分可以侵入其中。 Professional circles appreciated that the gap is detrimental because moisture and dust may invade therein. 在外观上这种间隙也造成负面的印象,因为可能在表面产生一个缝隙。 In appearance this gap also have a negative impression, because it may produce a gap on the surface.

为了避免这种间隙,例如由文件EP0843763 Bl已知一种嵌板,其中取代上述垂直的接触面采用倾斜延伸的接触面。 In order to avoid such a gap, known, for example by a panel file EP0843763 Bl, wherein instead of the sliding surfaces perpendicular to the contact surfaces extending obliquely. 这些斜面设计为使两块嵌板可例如通过绕一公共的连接缝的旋转运动互相连接,不会由于间隙在两块嵌板的表面留下一个缝隙。 The ramp is designed so that two panels can be interconnected by, for example, about a common rotational movement of the connecting seam, since the gap is not left in the surfaces of the two panels a gap. 由此文件还已知,伸出的下唇设计为弹性的,以便能通过在一个平面内移动实施连接。 Whereby the document is also known, projecting lower lip designed to be elastic, so that by moving in one embodiment of the connection plane.

虽然在上述先有技术中避免了在公共的连接缝中认为有害的间隙,但移动一块与第二块嵌板例如通过纵侧连接的嵌板,显然要求沿公共的连接缝施加一个大的力。 Although the above-described technique avoids the common connection to the seam gap considered harmful, but a movement of the second block with a vertical panel, for example by connecting the side panels, seams clearly requires a large force is applied along the common connection . 通常施加的力如此之大,以致为此必须使用工具,如锤子和击打的木块。 Typically applied force is so great that tools must be used for this purpose, such as a hammer and the striking block. 在这种情况下可能造成嵌板的损坏。 In this scenario may cause damage to the panel.

基于槽倾斜的接触面和弹性的唇或侧面,嵌板不仅可以通过在一个平面内移动互相连接,而且可以也以此方式重新脱开。 Based on the contact surface and the groove inclination resilient lip or side panels connected to each other by moving only in one plane, but may be re-released in this manner. 两块已经铺设的嵌板可在相应的力作用下彼此重新脱开是不希望的。 Two already laid panel can be re-released at the appropriate force to each other is undesirable. 这一问题尤其出现在采用两个等长的唇和导致平行于地板表面以及垂直于连接缝互锁的互锁部分处于槽内部的情况下,也就是说互锁部分应设计得很小,因为可供使用的位置不大, 如由德国实用新型DE 29823749 Ul可知的那样。 This problem occurs in particular uses two equally long lip and the lead in parallel to the floor surface and an interlocking portion interlocking slits perpendicular to the connecting case within the groove, i.e. interlocking portion should be designed to be small, because the location is not available, as the German utility model DE 29823749 Ul known.

采用两个等长的唇与有伸出的长唇的先有技术相比有下列优点。 Using two equally long lip with a protruding lip length is compared to the prior art has the following advantages.

一方面在制造时节省材料,确切地说是与先有技术相比较而言的,在先 Save on material in the manufacture of, or rather with the prior art comparison of the earlier

有技术中槽的一个侧面或唇相对于槽的另一个侧面伸出。 Or lip has a side groove in the art with respect to the other side of the groove extends. 另一方面榫头非常可靠地置入槽内。 On the other hand very reliable tenon into the groove. 除此以外,使用者对于侧面等长的槽-榫头系统有非常良好的信任度。 In addition, for the user side of equal length slots - tenon system have very good confidence.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的是提供一种用于制造铺面的构件组,尤其是前言所述类型的嵌板,其中,既可以获得嵌板的一些优点,该嵌板可有间隙地与第二块嵌板连接,但与此同时在铺设好的状态下不会发生有害的灰尘和水分不希望地侵入接缝内。 Object of the present invention is to provide a method for manufacturing a pavement member of the group, some of the advantages of the type mentioned in particular panels, wherein the panels may be obtained, the panels may have a gap with a second panel block connection, but at the same time harmful dust and moisture does not occur in the paved state undesirably invade the joint. 此外,本发明的目的还在于提供一种用于本发明构件组或嵌板的铺设辅助器以及提供一种铺设方法。 Further, the object of the present invention is to provide a method for laying aids group member or panel of the present invention and to provide a laying method.

本发明的目的通过具有权利要求1所述特征的构件组,尤其是嵌板,以及如其他并列的独立权利要求所述的铺设辅助器和方法来达到。 Object of the present invention by a group member having features of claim 1, in particular panels, as well as other independent parallel claimed in claim laying aid and the methods to achieve. 由它们各自的从属权利要求可分别得到有利的扩展设计。 By their respective dependent claims may be advantageous refinement respectively.

按本发明,在两块无胶水互相锁止的嵌板之间有一个凹槽,在最终铺设状态在凹槽内有一绳状或杆状元件,它尤其用一种可压缩的材料制成。 According to the invention, between the two panels to each other without glue has a locking recess, has a rod-like or rope-like element laid in a recess in the final state, in particular, it is made with a compressible material. 作为柔性材料可例如采用聚四氟乙烯。 As the flexible material may be employed, for example, polytetrafluoroethylene. 但优选一种有良好弹性的材料。 But preferably one with good elastic material. 因此,绳状或杆状元件用橡胶制成。 Thus, string-like or rod-like member made of rubber. 不过与橡胶相比硅酮是优选的,因为硅酮有比橡胶更大的恰当的复位力。 However, compared with silicone rubbers are preferred because greater than the silicone rubber of appropriate restoring force. 业已证实硅酮比橡胶更大的复位力是有利的。 It has been confirmed that the reset force is larger than the silicone rubber is advantageous.

在两块嵌板之间设缝隙或凹槽,即使在两块嵌板之间不应存在间隙时, 也能使一块嵌板沿公共的接缝轻易地移动。 A slit disposed between the two panels or grooves, even when there should be no gap between the two panels, a panel can be easily moved along a common seam. 但存在间隙是优选的,以保证这 However, a gap is preferable to ensure that

种轻易的可移动性。 Kind of easy mobility. 为此目的,几个1/100mm的间隙就够了。 It is enough for this purpose, a gap of several 1 / 100mm is.

上述缝隙或凹槽尤其产生在两块嵌板的表面,它形成地板或壁衬可见的部分。 In particular, the slits or grooves produced on the surface of the two panels, which form a floor or wall lining of the visible portion. 因此从表面那里可以看到绳状或杆状元件。 Thus can be seen that rod-like or string-like member from the surface there. 在互锁状态,绳状或杆状元件的尺寸尤其这样确定,即,使之完全充填缝隙的宽度。 In the interlocked state, the size of the rod-like or rope-like element is particularly so determined, i.e., so that complete filling of the gap width. 有利的是绳状或杆状元件更宽一些。 Advantageously rope or rod-like element is wider. 因此它在压缩状态处于缝隙的里面。 Thus it is in a compressed state inside the slit.

通过在嵌板之间设一个绳状或杆状元件处于其中的缝隙或凹槽,尤其与这些嵌板相比减小了摩擦,即其中互锁部分与嵌板连接成一体并用一种木材制品制成。 Provided by a rod-like or rope-like element between the panel in which slits or grooves, in particular with reduced friction as compared to these panels, in which the interlocking portion and integrally connected with the panel with one wood article production. 因此按本发明可以制造例如与嵌板连接成一体的嵌板,它们用木材制品制成,以及它们仍然可以在两块嵌板互锁时比较轻易地沿公共的连接缝移动。 Thus according to the present invention can be produced, for example, panel integrally connected to the panel, which article is made of wood, and they still can be relatively easily moved along a common seam connection when two interlocked panels. 若置有绳状或杆状的缝隙处于可见的表面上,则作为伴生现象还呈 If set to a slit in the rod-like or string-like visible upper surface, a phenomenon also was associated

现出一些新的设计可能性。 It emerged some new design possibilities. 在接缝区可例如看到黑色的橡胶或硅酮材料。 In the seam area may be seen, for example, a black rubber or silicone material. this

外,嵌板的表面为此有一种强烈的反差。 An outer surface for this panel there is a strong contrast. 它带来了一种尤其在层合塑料嵌板的情况下前所未见的新的视觉效果。 It brings a particularly in the case of laminated plastic panels unprecedented new visual effect. 若期望一种不太显眼的外观,则绳状或杆状元件,如果它可看到的话,其颜色应与可看到的表面相匹配。 A less conspicuous appearance if desired, the rod-like or rope-like element, if it can be seen, then, should match the color of the surface can be seen. 而且还有装饰品,它在每块嵌板的表面上有带颜色的界边或带颜色的边缘。 But also decorations, which bound on the surface of each panel have colored edges or an edge strip color. 与之不同, 顾客可以自由选择边界的颜色和也可以事后改变。 In contrast, customers are free to choose the color boundaries and can be changed afterwards. 例如可以用比较少的费用改变已铺设好的嵌板的外观,不必拆除地板铺面。 For example, you can use less of the cost of changing the appearance of good panels have been laid, without having to dismantle the floor pavement. 因此在表面上通过两块相邻的嵌板构成的凹槽,除技术上轻易地可移动性的优点外还提供了可方便地变更视觉印象的可能性。 Thus a groove on the surface of two adjacent panels constituted by, in addition to the advantages can be technically easily mobility also provides the possibility of easy visual impression changed.

绳状或杆状元件可以从表面那里事后压入或置入缝隙或凹槽内。 Rope or rod-like element can be subsequently inserted or pressed into the slits or grooves from the surface there. 但尤其在绳状或杆状元件用一种可压缩的材料制成时也可以已经与嵌板连接。 In particular, but it may also be connected to the panel when forming a rope or rod-shaped element with a compressible material. 不过事后在缝隙内置入单独的绳状或杆状元件带来的优点是,嵌板可以特别简单地移动,只要绳状或杆状元件尚未置入。 However, the advantages built into a separate post or rod-like elements in the cord bring the gap, the panel can be moved in a particularly simple manner, long string-like or rod-like element has not been placed.

若在伸出的互锁部分和相应的凹槽之间存在间隙,则可设垂直或沉割的接触面。 If there is a gap between the interlocking portion and the corresponding recess projecting contact surfaces can be situated perpendicular or undercut. 因此绳状或杆状元件,如果在工厂里已经与一块嵌板连接后交货, 则在连接时略被压缩。 Thus the rod-like or rope-like elements, if they have been delivered and a rear panel are connected in the factory, at the time of connection is slightly compressed. 尽管是垂直的接触面,但仍可例如通过绕公共的连接缝旋转成功地实现连接。 Although the vertical contact surface, but still achieved, for example by a connecting seam successfully rotation about a common connection.

甚至可以在伸出的互锁部分及凹槽中设沉割。 Even undercut provided in the interlocking grooves and extending in part. 若互相连接的嵌板彼此平行于地板表面地压开,则在相应设置互锁部分和相应设置槽的情况下上述接触面互相钩住。 If the panels are connected to each other parallel to each other to the floor surface pressed apart, in the case where the corresponding setting and the corresponding interlocking portion provided hook groove of the contact surface with each other. 通过在垂直于连接缝的平面内移动,不可能在没有损坏的情况下脱开互锁或连接部分。 By moving in a plane perpendicular to the connecting joints, can not disengage without damaging the connecting portions or interlocking. 在先有技术中提及的在无意的力作用下不希望的脱开得以避免,即使在例如槽的一个例如伸出的侧面在端部设计有一弹性的互锁部分时。 The prior art mentioned under the force of undesired inadvertent detachment is avoided, even when, for example, a side surface extending, for example, at the ends of the groove has a resilient design of interlocking portion. 也就是说,若尽管槽有一个弹性的唇仍应做到平行于地板表面以及垂直于一共同的连接缝特别可靠地互锁,则这样一些接触面是优选的, 即它们是沉割的或至少垂直于表面布置。 That is, when the groove despite a resilient lip should still achieve particularly reliable interlocking parallel to the floor surface and perpendicular to the common connecting seam, so that some of the contact surfaces is preferred, i.e., they are undercut or arranged perpendicular to the surface at least.

若接触面如由文件EP 0843763 Bl中已知的那样按前言所述的方式倾斜地延伸,则优选地将槽的一个伸出的下侧边缘或唇设计为刚性的,以造成平行和垂直于共同接缝的可靠的连接。 When the contact surface extends as the preface manner known from document EP 0843763 Bl obliquely, it is preferable to design the lower edge of a lip or a groove extending rigid, parallel and perpendicular to cause common seam reliable connection. 若期望在铺设好的嵌板之间特别可靠地连接,则伸出的唇即使在垂直延伸的接触面的情况下也设计为刚性的,从而不可能通过在一个垂直于连接缝的平面内移动脱开。 If desired particularly reliable connection between the paved panels, the projecting lip even when the contact surface is also designed as a vertically extending rigid, by making it impossible to move within a plane perpendicular to the connecting joints disengaged. 如果需要其余的连接部分也设计为刚性的。 If desired the remaining portion is also designed to be connected to rigid. 在这里例如涉及一个榫头,它与槽一起导致垂直于嵌板公共表面的互锁。 Here, for example, it relates to a tenon, perpendicular to the panel which results in the interlocking surfaces with a common groove. 若嵌板首先互锁,然后才存在一个间隙,则可接着将绳状或杆状元件从上面置入产生的缝隙或凹槽内,从而可以几乎不费力地沿连接缝特别轻易地移动。 If the panel interlocking First, before there is a gap, can then rope or rod-like member from above into the slots or grooves produced, can be almost effortlessly along the connecting seam in particular move easily. 已经互锁的嵌板沿共同连接缝移动的可能性,尤其在两块嵌板的两个纵侧已经连接而现在应再连接窄侧时是期望的。 While interlocking panels has now be connected to the narrow side it is then desired movement along common seam connection possibilities, especially in the two longitudinal sides of the two panels already connected. 这种方法例如由文件EP This method is for example, from document EP

0855482 B1是已知的。 0855482 B1 is known. 尤其当这种连接通常要求嵌板尽管已经处于互锁状态仍能沿共同的连接缝移动时,则这种实施形式是有利的:绳状或杆状元件从上面最后置入或压入缝隙内。 This connection typically requires especially when the panel is interlocked Although still in common when connecting seam moves, this embodiment is advantageous to form: rod-like or rope-like element is inserted from above or final pressed into the gap .

绳状或杆状元件典型地有直径或宽度至少为0.5mm,优选地至少为lmm,特别优选地至少为2mm。 Rod-like or rope-like element typically has a diameter or width of at least 0.5mm, preferably at least lmm, particularly preferably at least 2mm. 宽度通常不超过10mm,除非由于外观的原因期望更大的宽度。 Usually no more than the width of 10mm, unless a greater width due to the appearance of expectations. 优选地宽度小于5mm,特别优选地小于3mm。 Preferably the width is less than 5mm, particularly preferably less than 3mm. 但原则上可例如根据外观上的原因采用更小或更大的宽度或直径。 But in principle it may be employed, for example, smaller or larger width or diameter according to the cause of appearance.

绳状或杆状元件处于其中的缝隙通常有比绳状或杆状元件略小的宽度, 尤其在应补偿间隙或应避免灰尘和水分侵入连接缝内的情况下。 Rope or rod-like element which is usually a slit width than the rod-like or rope-like element is slightly smaller, in particular, should be avoided or compensated gap dust and moisture into the case of the connecting seam. 因此绳状或杆状元件略受压地处于缝隙内并因而固定在缝隙内。 Thus the rod-like or rope-like element is slightly pressed in the gap and thus be secured in the gap. 但缝隙也可以有相同的宽度。 However, the gap may have the same width. 只是应避免缝隙有比绳状或杆状元件的宽度或直径更大的宽度,因为要不然会在表面留下一个不希望的缝隙,以及若绳状或杆状元件从表面那里置入时它很容易脱出。 Just to avoid a gap greater than the width or diameter of the rod-like or rope-like element width, since otherwise unwanted will leave a gap surface, and if the rod-like or string-like member inserted from a surface where it it is easy to emerge. 绳状或杆状元件的压配合在缝隙内是优选的,因为这样一来保证无缝隙的状态和固定住绳状或杆状元件。 Rod-like or string-like pressure member fit within the slot are preferred, because to ensure a seamless state and a fixed rope or rod-like elements.

按本发明的一种实施形式,绳状或杆状元件在互锁状态处于两个造成互锁的表面之间。 According to one embodiment of the invention, string-like or rod-shaped element two interlocking state is caused between the interlocking surfaces. 这例如可以是在这里称为接触面的表面。 This may be referred to herein as the surface contact surface. 绳状元件因而尤其用一种详性材料制成,如橡胶或硅酮。 Thus cord-shaped member with one particular details of the material, such as rubber or silicone. 在两块嵌板互锁前,将绳状或杆状元件靠放在上述互锁表面之一上。 Before the two interlocked panels, the string-like or rod-like elements against a surface on one of said interlocking. 然后绳状或杆状元件尤其部分处于一个槽内并在嵌板互锁时进一步或甚至完全压入此槽内。 Then the rod-like or rope-like element, in particular in a groove portion and further or even completely pressed into this groove when the panels interlocked. 例如一块嵌板通过例如由文件DE 20008708 Ul已知的旋转运动或下沉运动锁紧在第二块嵌板内。 E.g., for example, by a panel 20008708 Ul known rotary movement or downward motion by the document DE locking block in the second panel. 与此同时,绳状或杆状元件压入槽内。 At the same time, the rod-like or rope-like element is pressed into the groove. 由于存在间隙,现在其中一块嵌板可以进一步朝另一块嵌板的方向移动。 Since there is a gap, wherein a panel can now move further towards one another panel. 由此重新释放此槽。 Thus re-release this slot. 绳状或杆状元件松弛以及进入两个(接触)面之间,促使它们互锁。 Slack rope or rod-like element and enters between the two (contact) surface, prompting them to interlock.

若例如设一伸出的侧面,它在端部通过直角过渡为互锁部分,则上述槽优选地直接处于去互锁部分的过渡区之前。 If, for example, a side surface is provided projecting at right angles to it at the end by a transition portion of the interlocking portion, the said grooves preferably directly precedes the transition region to the interlocking portion. 绳状或杆状元件置入此槽内或已经在工厂通过早期硫化安置在那里。 Rope or rod-like element has been placed in this groove or at the factory by scorching placed there.

在上述实施形式中比较适宜的是,甚至在绳状或杆状元件松弛的状态, In the aforementioned embodiment it is more appropriate, even rope or rod-like state in which slack element,

仍在表面上留下缝隙或凹槽。 Still crevices or grooves on the surface. 然后在此缝隙内置入第二个绳状或杆状元件。 This gap is then built into a second string-like or rod-shaped element. 作为替换形式,可以已经在表面在一块嵌板的对接边上已经加上一个用可压缩材料制的绳状或杆状元件。 As an alternative, the surfaces may already have been added in a mating edge of a panel made of a compressible material, rope or rod-like elements. 这样做可有利地达到上述设计效果或补偿尤其 Doing so may advantageously be designed to achieve the particular effect or compensate for

在木材中实际上不可避免的应力。 In fact the inevitable stress in the wood.

若第一和第二绳状或杆状元件设在两块嵌板之间的一个连接缝内,则在 If the first and second cord-like or rod-like member disposed in a connecting seam between the two panels, at

这里又呈现出一个优点,即,在表面嵌板可借助适当的工具首先互相略微压开。 Here again it presents the advantage that, in the first surface of the panel can be slightly pressed apart from each other by means of a suitable tool. 由此提供了一个位置,以便在这里能没有困难地置入一个绳状或杆状元件。 Thereby providing a position to be able without difficulty here into a rope-like or rod-like elements. 若此绳状或杆状元件已基本上置入,则将工具取走。 If this rod-like or rope-like element is substantially placed, the tool will be removed. 处于两个互锁接触面之间的绳状或杆状元件接着松弛,使得在表面上留下缝隙。 Rod-like or string-like element in two interlocking contact surfaces between slack Next, on the surface so as to leave a gap.

若一绳状或杆状元件设在两个接触面之间连接缝的内部来实现连锁,则可以实现一种实施形式,按此实施形式两块嵌板的连接是令一块嵌板的连接部分首先通过相对于两块嵌板以后的公共表面垂直运动置入第二块嵌板的连接部分内。 If a string-like or rod-like member disposed between the two contact surfaces connecting the inner seam achieved chain, can realize a form of embodiment, the connection Click embodiment two panels is to make a panel connecting portions first, through a common vertical movement with respect to the surface after the two panel into the connecting portion of the second panel block. 在这种情况下绳状或杆状元件可例如压入相应的槽内。 In this case, the rod-like or rope-like element may be, for example, pressed into the corresponding groove. 接着这些嵌板互相移近。 Then the panels move closer to each other. 按一种适当的设计,当互相移近时, 一个榫头可进入一个槽内并因而导致垂直于公共表面的互锁。 By a suitable design, when moved close to each other, a slot and a tenon can enter the interlock thus leading perpendicular to the common surface. 最后,上述绳状或杆状元件松弛并进入两个互锁的4妄触面之间。 Finally, the above-described slack rope or rod-like elements 4 and jump into the contact surface between the two interlocked.

绳状或杆状元件可有圓形或三角形直径。 Rope or rod-like element may have a circular or triangular in diameter. 然而,若它最后从表面那里置入,则应有利的是,绳状或杆状元件在两个相对侧设计为钩形。 However, if it is inserted from the surface and finally there should be advantageous, rope or rod-like member at two opposite sides of the hook design. 若绳状或杆状元件相应地从上面压入缝隙内,则这些钩起倒刺的作用。 If the rod-like or rope-like element is pressed into the slit from above respectively, the role of these hooked barbs. 若绳状或杆状元件压入缝隙内,则绳状或杆状元件可看到的表面设计为平的,以便与嵌板的其余表面造成齐平的结束。 If the rod-like or rope-like element is pressed into the slot, the rod-like or rope-like element is designed as a visible surface of a flat, so as to cause the end surface flush with the rest of the panel.

与可从表面上看到的绳状或杆状元件的平面相反,可采用例如曲拱形凹槽,以便使斜伸的钩可更好地压入缝隙内。 The plane of the rope or rod-like elements can be seen from the opposite surface, it can be curved, for example arcuate groove, so that the hook can be better Xieshen pressed into the slot.

在具有钩和曲拱的下部凹槽的实施形式中可有利地实现压配合。 It may advantageously be implemented in the embodiments with press-fit hook and a lower recess in Arch.

绳状或杆状元件有利地包括一条实际上不能伸长膨胀的丝线。 Rod-like or rope-like element can not be practically advantageously comprises an elongated expandable wires. 该丝线然后基本上被一种可压缩材料包覆。 The wire is then coated with substantially one kind of compressible material. 由此保证,用一种可压缩材料制的绳状或杆状元件通过压入缝隙内或凹槽内不会有害地膨胀。 This ensures that, with a rope or rod-like element which is made of compressible material within the gap is not harmful or expand within the recess by press fitting. 若绳状或杆状元件起先膨胀,则它在互锁状态重新收缩。 If the rod-like or rope-like element initially expanded, it shrinks again interlocked state. 在这种情况下在凹槽或缝隙中产生不希望的未用绳状或杆状元件填满的区域。 Undesirable in the recess or gap in this case is not filled with rod-like or rope-like element region.

为了能特别简单地铺设, 一块嵌板的至少两个相对侧有这样一些互锁部分,其中,通过一块嵌板首先相对于另一块嵌板垂直地下沉可实现连接。 In order to lay a particularly simple manner, a panel of at least two opposite sides have such a number of interlocking portion, wherein the first panel by a panel with respect to one another can be sunk perpendicularly connected. in

这里其中一块嵌板相对于第二块嵌板平行在布置。 Herein with respect to the second panel wherein a parallel arrangement of panels. 尤其在嵌板的表面是矩形的情况下,窄侧设计有这种互锁部分。 Especially in the case where the surface of the panel is rectangular, the design of such a narrow side interlocking portion. 纵侧优选地设计为,使连接通常要求绕连接缝作旋转运动。 Longitudinal side is preferably designed so that the connection usually requires rotational movement about the connecting seam. 若一块嵌板在纵侧通过旋转运动与第二块嵌板的纵侧连接,则窄侧同时可以进入一块已铺设好的嵌板相应的互锁或连接部分内。 If a panel is connected to the longitudinal side of the second block in the longitudinal side panel by a rotational movement, while the narrow sides into the already laid a good interlocking panels or the corresponding inner connecting portion. 在这种情况下同样涉及已铺设好的那块嵌板的窄侧。 In this case also relates to the panels has paved the narrow side piece. 接着,取决于实施形式可能要求通过窄侧已互相连接的那些嵌板再小量地互相移近。 Then, depending on the embodiment that may be required by the narrow side panel connected to each other and then move closer to each other in small quantities. 典型地,此最 Typically, this most

后的移动可限制为几个1/10mm。 After the movement can be limited to a few 1 / 10mm. 以此方式与前言所述的先有4支术相比,这种到最终位置的移动量保持得很小。 In this manner the preamble of claim 4 prior art compared to the amount of movement that the final position be kept small. 相应地可以减少为铺设所需的时间。 Accordingly, it can reduce the time required for laying the. 还可以设想一种铺设嵌板的方法,它包括尤其在一块嵌板起先处于墙壁附近时特别不希望的移动。 It is also contemplated a method of laying panels, especially when it comprises in the vicinity of a wall panel initially particularly undesirable movement. 因为工具几乎不可能置于嵌板与墙壁之间,以便能借助工具实施此移动。 Because the tool is almost impossible disposed between the panel and the wall, so that the mobile can be implemented by means of the tool. 此外,例如由于门框在房间里存在小的凸起时也可能特别不希望移动,此时一块嵌板应尽可能紧邻门框。 In addition, for example, due to the presence in the room door when small bumps may not particularly want to move, this time a panel next to the door frame should as far as possible. 因此特别有利的是嵌板能通过下沉运动.互相连接。 Thus it is particularly advantageous panel by subsidence. Interconnected. 窄侧可以例如按由文件DE 20008708 Ul已知的方法设计,只要由文件已知的连接部分能通过下沉实施连接。 Narrow side according to known methods, for example, may 20008708 Ul DE designed by the file, as long as the file is known by the sink connection portion by the connection embodiment.

绳状或杆状元件可以有基本上矩形或正方形的横断面,以便能导致与表面齐平地结束。 Rod-like or rope-like element may have a substantially rectangular or square cross-section, so as to result in surface terminates flush.

本发明的绳状或杆状元件有期望的弹性或柔性,此时宽度或直径可通过压缩减小。 Rod-like or rope-like elements of the invention have the desired elasticity or flexibility, the diameter or width at this time may be reduced by compression. 金属的实心材料或木材是不可压缩的。 Solid wood or metallic material is incompressible.

嵌板按要求确定尺寸是有利的,因为它们能易于操作。 Determining the required dimensions of the panels are advantageous because they can easily operate. 尺寸小于100cm Size of less than 100cm

若设两个绳状或杆状元件,则它们优选地设计为,基于绳状或杆状元件产生的复位力在表面不留下缝隙。 Assuming that two rod-like or string-like elements, they are preferably designed such that the rod-like or string-like restoring force generating element on the surface without leaving gaps. 因此有利的是,毗邻嵌板可看到的表面的绳状或杆状元件能引起比较小的复位力。 Advantageously therefore, the string-like or rod-shaped elements adjacent to the panel surface can be seen to cause a relatively small restoring force. 嵌板因而不会被不期望地彼此压开 Panels and thus will not be undesirably forced apart

补充或替换,可恰当选择横截面。 Additionally or alternatively, may be appropriately selected cross section. 因此,毗邻表示的绳状或杆状元件优选地在横截面内有比另一个绳状或杆状元件大的面积。 Thus, string-like or rod-like element adjacent preferably has a cross-represented in the larger than the other rope or rod-like member within the area of ​​cross-section.

按另一种实施形式,绳状或杆状元件促使两块嵌板沿提及的方向之一互锁,例如垂直于嵌板的公共表面。 According to another form of embodiment, the rod-like or rope-like element causes two interlocked panels in one direction mentioned, for example, to a common surface of the vertical panel. 尤其是,当绳状或杆状元件插入一个相应的凹槽内时,两块嵌板平行地和同时垂直于共同的连接缝互锁。 In particular, when a corresponding groove-like or rod-like member is inserted rope, two panels parallel and perpendicular to both the common connecting seam interlock.

在绳状或杆状元件插入导致两块嵌板互锁的实施形式中,仍可以存在垂直或沉割的接触面。 In the rod-like or rope-like element insertion results in the form of two panel interlocking embodiment, the contact surface may still be present in the vertical or undercut. 因此成功地完成即使不施加作用力也能保持的连接。 Thus the successful completion of the connection can be maintained even without applying a force. for

获得垂直的接触面,它们使两块嵌板获得例如平行于表面以及同时垂直于共同接缝的互锁,在最简单的情况下绳状或杆状元件有矩形横截面。 Perpendicular to the contact surface is obtained, so that they obtain two panels of rectangular cross section parallel to the surface and perpendicular to the common joint while interlocking, in the simplest case the rod-like or string-like element for example. 应连接的两块嵌板的连接部分包括同样有矩形横截面的凹槽。 Two panel connection portion to be connected with a rectangular cross section comprises the same recesses. 若例如通过在一个平面内移动组合两块嵌板,则最终存在一个极限位置,此时上述两个具有矩形横截面的凹槽彼此邻接。 If in one plane by a combination of two mobile panels, e.g. the presence of a final extreme position in which the said two grooves having a rectangular cross-section adjacent to one another. 它们因而构成一个矩形横截面的通道。 They therefore constitute a rectangular cross-section channel. 然后在此通道内插入绳状或杆状元件。 Then insert the rod-like or string-like element in this channel. 若绳状或杆状元件足够宽和足够高,则两块嵌板互锁,不出现间隙。 If the rod-like or rope-like element is sufficiently high and wide enough, the two interlocked panels, the gap does not appear. 导致形面接合地互锁的接触面垂直延伸。 Shaped vertical contact surfaces resulting in the engagement surface extends interlocked.

在提及的连接以槽-榫头连接为基础进行的先有技术中,设一弹性的唇或侧面并包括另一些互锁部分,以便能通过在一个平面内移动实现形状封闭的连接,在这种情况下若尤其材料是比较刚性的,则可能产生损坏。 Connected to the mentioned grooves - based connection tenons prior art, a resilient lip is provided and includes a side surface or other interlocking portion, in order to achieve closed by movement in a plane shape of the connection, in which in particular the case if the material is relatively stiff, it may cause damage. 这尤其 This is especially

在连接部分是用木材制品制成时便会发生这种情况,例如用HDF或MDF制成。 This situation will occur when the connecting portion is made of wood products, for example, be made of HDF or MDF. 连接部分的这种可能的容易损坏在上述实施形式中得以避免。 This connection may be easily damaged portion in the form of the above-described embodiments are avoided. 连接可以在机械上非常稳定,因为可以制成垂直或沉割的接触面。 Connection may be mechanically very stable, because the contact surfaces may be made of a vertical or undercut. 甚至在接触面如由文件EP 00843763 Bl已知的那样倾斜地延伸时,也可以实现一种机械上稳定的连接,因为不需要弹性的侧面以及互锁部分可以伸出比较远。 Even in a contact surface as is known document EP 00843763 Bl extending as inclined, may also be implemented on a mechanically stable connection, since no elastic sides and interlocking portion can extend relatively far.

若按文件EP 00843763 Bl所公开的方式设伸出的侧面,则它可以比较短,因为在连接时它不向下偏移。 If the manner disclosed in the document EP 00843763 Bl provided projecting side, it may be shorter because it does not shift downwardly when connected. 这相应地节省材料,从而在这里有成本上的优点。 This in turn saves material, so that cost advantages here.

在德国实用新型DE 29823749 Ul所公开的先有技术中建议了两个等长的侧面。 In the first German utility model DE 29823749 Ul disclosed art suggested two sides of equal length. 一个用于互锁的凹槽处于槽的内部。 A groove for interlocking grooves in the interior. 一个对应的伸出的互锁部分处于第二块嵌板的榫头上恰当的位置。 A corresponding interlocking portion projecting tenons in the second block on the proper position of the panel. 考虑到空间位置及生产条件,互锁部分只少量伸出并倾斜地延伸。 Taking into account the spatial location and production conditions, only a small projecting interlocking portion and extending obliquely. 相应地,凹槽成形在槽的内部和确定其尺寸。 Accordingly, the groove formed in the interior thereof and determining the size of the slot. 合成的平行于地板表面以及垂直于连接缝的形状封闭地连接在机械上比较不稳定。 Synthesis parallel to the floor surface and a shape perpendicular to the connecting seam is hermetically connected mechanically relatively unstable. 在本实施形式中,这种不稳定性例如通过垂直的或比较陡峭的接触面加以避免,此时采用一种起连接部分作用的槽有等长的侧面的实施形式。 In the present embodiment, for example, by the instability vertical or steeper contact surfaces be avoided, since this time uses a channel connecting portion form embodiment has a function equal length sides.

为了在插入绳状或杆状元件导致两块嵌板互锁的实施形式中得到沉割的接触面,绳状或杆状元件在横截面内有例如一个收缩。 In order to insert the rod-like or string-like element in the form of embodiment results in two interlocked panels obtained in the contact surface of the undercut, rod-like or rope-like element for example a contraction in cross section. 在连接部分的其中为了互锁面插入绳状或杆状元件的凹槽,恰当地有与之相对应的横截面。 In which the connecting portion in order to insert the rod-like or rope-like element a groove interlocking surface, there is appropriately cross-section corresponding thereto.

为了使绳状或杆状元件能插入连接部分的凹槽内从而将两块嵌板互锁, 绳状或杆状元件优选地有光滑的表面,以便使插入过程产生的滑动摩擦力保持得很小。 To make the rod-like or rope-like element can be inserted so that the two interlocked panels, the rod-like or rope-like element preferably has a smooth inner surface of the recess of the connecting portion, so that sliding friction is generated during the insertion be kept small. 因此绳状或杆状元件尤其用不可压缩或可小量压缩的材料制成, Thus the rod-like or rope-like element, in particular made of a small amount of an incompressible or compressible material,

从而即使在表面不应置入附加的绳状或杆状元件时也能避免在嵌板的表面产生缝隙。 So even when the surfaces are not placed additional rope or rod-like element can be avoided in a gap of the skin panel. 因此,用作绳状或杆状元件或其表面的材料,聚四氟乙烯应是恰 Thus, as the rod-like material or string-like element or the surface thereof, polytetrafluoroethylene should be appropriate

当的。 When the. HDF、 MDF同样有比较光滑的表面并因而同样可以优选地采用。 HDF, MDF also have a relatively smooth surface and thus may also be preferably employed. 用金属制的或有金属表面的杆也有光滑的表面并因而可以优选使用。 A metal rod or metal surfaces have smooth surfaces and thus can be preferably used.

为能将绳状或杆状元件穿入和然后插入连接部分的凹槽内,绳状或杆状元件有利地可在至少一端收缩。 Is capable of rope or rod-shaped element is then inserted into and connected to the recess portion, the rod-like or rope-like element is advantageously at least one end of the collapsible.

这种实施形式是优选的,即按此实施形式,规定在嵌板的窄侧插入绳状或杆状元件促使两块嵌板互锁,这些嵌板有矩形表面。 This embodiment is preferred, i.e. Click embodiment, the predetermined shape or a rod-like element is inserted into the cord causes two narrow side panels interlocked panels, the panels with a rectangular surface. 然后嵌板在纵侧尤其通过旋转运动互相连接在一起。 In particular, the panel is then connected to each other by a rotational movement at the longitudinal side. 只需要已铺设好的嵌板的窄侧接着互相移近。 Only it has paved the narrow side panel and then moved close to each other. 最后,在相应的窄侧插入绳状或杆状元件。 Finally, insert the rod-like or string-like element in the respective narrow side. 为了互锁在它们之间插入绳状或杆状元件的窄侧是优选的,因为在这里的距离比较短。 To insert the interlocking rope or rod-shaped elements between which narrow side is preferred because of the relatively short distance here. 为了两块嵌板相应地互锁应插入的绳状或杆状元件也相应地比较短。 Accordingly, two panels to be inserted in an interlocking rope or rod-like element is correspondingly shorter.

插入一个绳状或杆状元件导致两块嵌板互锁的实施形式,可以在一块嵌板中与由先有技术已知的用于制成一种无胶水连接的连接部分组合。 Inserting a rod-like or rope-like element in the form of embodiment results in two interlocking panels, it can be made in a panel with the prior art known to prepare a non-connecting portion connected to the glue composition. 特别优选的是一种有例如矩形表面的嵌板,它优选地在纵侧设计为使它可借助旋转运动与第二块嵌板无胶水地连接,从而在嵌板之间不留下间隙。 Particularly preferred is a rectangular surface of the panel for example, it is preferably in the longitudinal side is designed to make it available to the second block by means of a rotational movement without glue panel is connected, so as not to leave a gap between the panels. 由文件WO The document WO

01/48332已知这种实施形式。 Such an embodiment is known 01/48332. 尤其是这种实施形式包括一个伸出的刚性下唇或侧面,以获得机械上稳定的连接。 This particular embodiment comprises a rigid lower lip or projecting side, in order to obtain a mechanically stable connection. 然后在嵌板的另一侧,亦即尤其在窄侧采用这种实施形式,即按此实施形式插入一个绳状或杆状元件促使两块嵌板互锁。 Then the other side of the panel, i.e. in particular narrow side using this form of embodiment, i.e. Click embodiment rope or a rod-like insert member causes two interlocked panels. 首先第一和第二块嵌板借助旋转运动互相连接。 First, the first and second rotary motion by means of panels connected to each other. 接着第二块嵌板沿共同的连接缝移向一块相邻的已经与第一块嵌板连接的嵌板。 Then the second block along a common connecting seam panel toward the first panel is connected to an adjacent panel a. 最好,第二和第三块嵌板通过将绳状或杆状元件插入一个通道内而最终互相连接,所述通道是由在相应的连接部分中的凹槽构成的。 Preferably, the second and third of panels interconnected by the final rope or rod-like element inserted into a channel, the channel is a groove in the respective connecting portions thereof.

按本发明可涉及一种镶木地板或层合塑料嵌板。 According to the present invention relates to a parquet flooring or laminated plastic panels. 它可以是正方形或扁长的。 It may be square or oblong. 它可以用木材、木材制品如MDF或HDF、用石块、塑料、粘土、陶瓷、 金属等制成。 It can be wood, wood products such as MDF or HDF, made of stone, plastic, clay, ceramics, metal or the like. 因此采用本发明可以浮式铺设甚至用石块制成的地板。 Thus the present invention can even the floating floor laid with stones made.

一种铺设铺面构件或嵌板的方法包括下列步骤。 A method for laying a pavement element or panel comprises the following steps.

第一块嵌板已经铺设好。 The first panel has laid a good. 它在侧面有伸出的下侧边缘。 It has side edges projecting at the lower side. 一个槽状凹槽处于伸出的侧面内。 A groove-like recess in the inner side surface protruding. 一根绳(或杆)或置入此凹槽内或置入凹槽内部的一个槽内, 绳(或杆)可沿径向弹性变形。 Within a rope groove (or rods), or placed into a tank or the inside of the grooves, the rope (or rod) may be radially elastically deformable. 绳或杆优选地用一种有小的弹性的材料制的弦线构成,它被一种弹性材料例如像胶包覆。 Rope or rod is preferably small in a resilient material constituting the string, which is an elastic material such as rubber coating. 绳(或杆)基于此弦线不改变其长 Rope (or rod) based on this string does not change its length

度。 degree. 第二块嵌板将一侧,优选地其纵侧例如斜靠在此第一块嵌板上,并通过旋转到公共嵌板平面内与已经铺设好的嵌板连接成,使它们平行于公共表面和垂直于共同的接缝通过形状封闭地互相连接。 The second block side panel, preferably it leans on this longitudinal side, for example, on a first panel, and by rotation in a common plane of the panels is connected to the already laid panel to good, that they are parallel to the common and a surface perpendicular to the common seam interconnected by a form closure. 取决于实施形式,连接也可以通过一块嵌板相对于另一块下沉实现。 Depending on the embodiment, the connection can also be achieved with respect to the other one by a sink panel.

第二块嵌板斜靠在首先铺设好的那块嵌板的纵边上,并通过旋转或下沉与之按上述方式连接。 Second block first panel leans paved longitudinal edge of the panel piece, and connected thereto by rotating the manner described above or sink.

嵌板的另一侧,确切地说通常是窄侧,设计为当其中一块嵌板相对于另一块下沉时,互锁部分互相啮合。 The other side of the panel, is generally rather narrow side, wherein a panel is designed as a sink when the other, engaged with each other with respect to the interlocking portion. 在上面提到的两块嵌板相应地定位时,在 When the above-mentioned two panels positioned accordingly, in

互相锁紧。 Locking each other. 接着上述两块嵌板互相移近。 He said two panels is then moved close to each other. 此时,其中一块嵌板的榫头进入另一块嵌板的槽内。 In this case, where a panel into the groove of another piece of the tenon panel. 由此,这两块嵌板也垂直于地板平面互相连接。 Thus, these two panels are also connected to each other perpendicular to the plane of the floor. 如果需要, 最后铺好的两块嵌板朝已经铺好的嵌板的方向移动,由此造成传统的槽-榫头连接。 If desired, the two last laid panel moves in the direction of the already laid panel, thereby causing the conventional groove - connecting tenons. 通过这种传统的槽-榫头连接,两块嵌板垂直于公共表面通过形状封闭地互锁。 Tenon connection, two panels in the vertical closed by interlocking shapes on the surface of the public - by such conventional grooves.

在侧窄上伸出的唇同样有一个已在前面说明的槽。 On the same side of a narrow projecting lip has a groove previously described. 在两块嵌板推移到一起的状态,例如形式上为圓橡胶的绳状或杆状元件可以插入通道内,通道由上述槽与最后提及的嵌板构成。 Two panels together at the transition state, for example, the form of a round rod-like or string-like rubber member may be inserted into the channel, the channel is constituted by the groove panel with the last mentioned. 它们的尺寸尤其选择为,在圓橡胶与上述通道之间留下一个间隙。 Their size is selected in particular, leaving a gap between the rubber and the circular channel. 因此,绳状或杆状元件的插入能非常简单地完成。 Thus, inserting the rod-like or string-like element can be done very simply.

使用一种基本上可设计为长方六面体形状的工具。 The use of a tool designed as a substantially rectangular parallelepiped shape. 一个通道贯穿此长方六面体。 This passage through a rectangular parallelepiped. 通道尤其在一个端侧开始,因为在利用工具期间此端侧一般未被遮挡。 In particular, a channel start end side, since during use of the tool to this end is generally not blocked. 通道终止在下侧,确切地说在长方六面体另一个端侧的附近。 Channel stopper lower side, near the other end side of the cuboid precisely. 通道优选地有矩形的横截面。 Preferably, the channel has a rectangular cross-section. 横截面是细长的。 An elongate cross-section. 较长的一侧从下向上延伸。 Longer sides extending upwardly from the bottom. 此工具作为铺设辅助器用于嵌板的铺设。 This tool as laying aids for laying panels.

在工具的下侧伸出一个榫头。 In a tenon projecting side of the tool. 此榫头设在通道的下方。 This tenon located beneath the channel. 榫头向下(从工具出发观察)和/或向前的方向收缩。 Tenon downward (from the observation tool) and / or the forward direction of shrinkage. 术语"后方"或"向后"是指朝与终止在下侧的通道区相邻的那个端侧的方向。 The term "rear" or "rearward" refers to a direction toward and terminating adjacent to the lower side of the channel region of the end side. 按一种实施形式,榫头包括一个在前部的第一区,它比随后的后部区窄。 According to one embodiment, the peg comprising a first region of a front portion, a rear portion which is narrower than the subsequent regions. 较窄的区域可大约是较厚区长度的两倍。 A narrow band may be approximately twice the length of the thicker regions. 榫头的前端与较窄的区域相比可进一步收缩,以便于下面要说明的操作, 也就是说便于将铺设辅助器的榫头置入接缝的缝隙内,缝隙由两块按上述方式组合的嵌板构成。 The narrower distal end of the tenon gap regions may further contraction compared to the operation to be described below, that facilitates the laying aid into tenon joints, a combination of the two slits by a fitted manner described above plate. 采用向后方的收缩,为的是最终能将铺设辅助器重新方便地从接缝中拔出。 Employed to shrink the rear, in order to eventually be able to easily re-laying aid withdrawn from the seam.

榫头的宽度首先向外方向,确切地说尤其向下或向前的尺寸确定为,使榫头能插入缝隙内,在两块组合的嵌板的表面至少留下了这种缝隙。 First, the width of tenon outward direction, to be precise in particular downward or forward dimensioned so tenon can be inserted within the gap, the composition of the surfaces of the two panels that leaves at least a slit. 若榫头例如向下方足够地收缩,则榫头可以从上面出发通过下沉插入上述缝隙内。 If the contraction is sufficiently tenon e.g. downward, the tenon may be inserted into the starting by sinking the slit from above. 若榫头相应地向前方收缩,则将此收缩插入缝隙内并因而将榫头置于嵌板之间。 Accordingly, when the tenon forward shrinkage, the shrinkage is inserted into this slit and thereby is interposed between the tenon panel. 榫头较宽的区域的尺寸应这样确定,即,当榫头进一步插入嵌板之间时将这两块嵌板彼此压开。 Tenon size of the area to be wider so determined, i.e., open against each other these two panels when the tenon is further inserted between the panels. 通过彼此压开,压缩一开始已置入所述槽内的绳状或杆状元件。 Forced apart by, a start has been compressed into the groove-shaped or rod-shaped element string.

优选地用硅酮制的、优选地有大体矩形横截面的绳状或杆状元件优选地从端侧那里插入铺设辅助器的通道内。 Preferably made of silicone, preferably a generally rectangular cross-sectional shape or a rod-like element is a cord preferably inserted within the laying aid the passage from the end there. 它们的尺寸确定为,使绳状元件的宽 Their size is determined as the width of the cord-like member

度与通道的宽度;f皮此协调。 And the width of the channel; F skin this coordination. 此外,绳状元件的高度与通道的高度相协调。 In addition, the channel height of cord-shaped member is coordinated. 在绳一大元件与通道之间留下一个小的间隙。 Between a large rope element with a small gap left channel.

绳状元件基于此间隙可以没有困难地穿过工具插入以及在榫头的后面重新在下面露出。 Based on this cord-shaped member through the gap without difficulty and re-insertion tool is exposed at the back below the tenon. 此外矩形横截面的尺寸选择为,使绳状元件在通道内部不会转动。 In addition the dimensions of the rectangular cross-section selected to enable the cord-like member does not rotate inside the channel.

若绳状元件已穿过工具,则将榫头通过一个收缩区置入处于第一与第二块嵌板之间的缝隙内。 If the tool has passed through the cord-shaped member, then the tenon is inserted through a constriction in the gap between the first panel and the second block. 因此例如它处于接缝的始端,绳状元件应在这里插入接缝内。 Thus it is for example the starting end of the seam the cord-like member to be inserted into the seam here.

按本发明的一种实施形式工具设有滚轮,以便借助滚轮使工具顺利地沿连接缝行驶。 Tool according to one embodiment of the present invention is provided with a roller, the roller means to the tool along a connecting seam running smoothly. 要不然工具在嵌板上滑动。 Otherwise tool slide on the panel. 在这种情况下存在可能损坏嵌板的表面的危险。 There is a risk of possible damage to the surface of the panel in this case.

若铺设辅助器沿处于嵌板之间的接缝运动或行驶,以及与此同时榫头处于接缝隙内,则首先通过榫头较宽的区域将嵌板彼此压开。 If the seam is laid along the auxiliary movement between the panels or driving, while the tenon and the slot is inscribed, the first wide area by the tenon panel pressed apart. 因此原先已置入槽内的例如有一种圓形横截面和用橡胶制的(圆橡胶)第一个绳状或杆状元件被压缩。 Thus, for example, previously have been placed in the groove (round rubber) of a rod-like or rope-like element with a round cross section and made of rubber is compressed. 榫头较宽的区域的尺寸确定为,使在铺设辅助器下侧伸出的第二个绳状元件没有困难地进入连接缝内。 Tenon wider size of the region is determined as the second side of the cord-shaped member extending in the helper laid without difficulty into the connecting seam. 因此优选地在绳状元件与彼此压开的嵌板之间留下一个小的间隙,以便能方便地将绳状元件插入连接缝内。 Is therefore preferably a small gap left between the rope-like member against each other apart from the panel, so as to be easily inserted into the cord-like member connecting seam. 也就是说,此绳状元件通常从上面进入连接缝内。 That is, the cord-shaped member is typically from above into the connecting seam.

若工具继续沿接缝行驶,则在铺设辅助器后方的连接缝由于压力重新小量闭合,这一压力是由受压缩的第一个绳状或杆状元件带来的。 If the tool continues to travel along the seam, then the aid of laying behind the connecting seam is closed due to the pressure re small, the pressure by the first rod-like or rope-like element brought compressed. 若连接缝重新少许闭合,则绳状元件基于恰当规定的尺寸和/或形状,通过形状封闭和/ 或摩擦力封闭固定在两块嵌板之间。 If the connecting seam a little re-closed, the cord element on the proper predetermined size and / or shape, enclosed by the shape and / or friction between the two panels fixed to the closure.

按一种有利的实施形式,工具在后端有一滚轮,它在连接缝上面滚动。 According to an advantageous embodiment, the rear end of the tool has a roller, rolling in which the above connecting seam. 由此保证,在嵌板与绳状元件之间在表面上达到光滑的过渡。 This ensures that the cord-shaped member between the panel and to achieve a smooth transition to the surface.

按一种实施形式,铺设辅助器的行驶直至达到第一个横向接缝。 According to one embodiment, the laying aid travel until the first transverse seam. 一个偏心的元件侧面平行于在第二与第三块嵌板之间的横缝移动。 An eccentric member to move parallel to the side between the second and third transverse joint panel block. 为此设一个缝隙或一个通道状凹槽,其中可插入细长的偏心元件。 A slot provided for this purpose or a channel-like recess, wherein the eccentric element can be inserted into the elongated. 它以这才羊的方式插入,即, 使偏心元件(偏心器)的较窄侧与两块嵌板相邻。 It That sheep inserted, i.e., an eccentric element (eccentric) adjacent to the two narrow side panels. 它们的尺寸应如此确定,即, 使偏心元件能顺利地插入。 Their size should be so determined, i.e., the eccentric element can be smoothly inserted. 为此按一种实施形式可以在偏心元件与两块嵌板之间留下一个间隙。 For this purpose according to one embodiment of the can to leave a gap between the eccentric element and the two panels.

若偏心元件已推移在两块嵌板之间,则借助杠杆运动将偏心元件旋转约 If the eccentric element is in transition between the two panels, by means of the rotational movement of the lever about the eccentric element

90° 。 90 °. 由此扩展了接缝的缝隙,它处于第二与第三块嵌板之间在窄侧的表面 Thereby extending seam gap, which is between the second surface and the third block of the narrow side panel

上。 on. 在这种情况下事先已插入橫缝内的绳状或杆状元件受压缩。 In this case, the rod-like or string-like member in advance in the inserted transverse joints compressed.

偏心元件可在一端弯曲为,可将此弯曲端置入两块嵌板之一的侧向槽 Eccentric element may be bent at one end, it may be placed into one of the two ends of this curved lateral grooves panel

内。 Inside. 因此旋转90。 Therefore turned 90. 后的位置稳定地保持。 After the position is stably maintained. 要不然应通过其他方式保证偏心元件保持在旋转后的位置。 Otherwise eccentric element should ensure the holding position after rotation by other means. 例如可手动地固定偏心元件。 For example, manually fixed eccentric element.

有优选地大体矩形横截面的另一个绳状元件从上面压入槽内,槽处于第二与第三块嵌板之间在横侧上。 There is preferably a generally rectangular cross-section from above of another cord-shaped member is pressed into the groove, between the groove is on the lateral side panels in the second and third blocks. 当嵌板是矩形时横侧尤其涉及窄侧。 When the side panel is of rectangular cross it relates in particular narrow side. 接着, 偏心器重新转回起始位置。 Then, again back to the starting position of the eccentric. 在窄侧上的槽少量闭合,并与此同时使原先受压缩的优选地涉及圓橡胶的绳状或杆状元件松弛。 Groove on the narrow side of the small number of closed, and at the same time so that preferably the original compressed relates round rubber rope or rod-like elements slack. 优选地有矩形横截面的绳状或杆状元件现在在第二与第三块嵌板之间处于固定状态。 Preferably with a rectangular cross-section of the rod-like or string-like member is now between the second and third of panels in a fixed state. 这种固定可通过形状封闭和/或摩撐>力封闭达到。 Such fixation may be enclosed and / or friction stays> shape achieved by force-closure.

偏心器从通道拔出。 Eccentric withdrawn from the channel. 铺设辅助器继续行驶,直至到达下一个横缝。 Laying aid to continue driving until reaching the next contraction joints. 以此方式给接缝设置可以从上面看到的绳状元件,直至嵌板的周边完全用绳状或杆状元件围绕。 In this manner is provided to the seam can be seen from the above cord-shaped member, until completely around the periphery of the panel with rod-like or string-like element.

业已证实,借助本发明嵌板可以大面积地铺设,在地板铺面内不必设置伸缩缝。 It has been proved by means of the present invention may be a large area panels laid, not necessary to provide expansion joints in floor coverings.

按一项设计,铺设辅助器侧面有一个凹槽。 According to a design, laying aids side have a groove. 在铺设时铺设辅助器如此行驶,即,使凹槽与接缝对齐,此接缝源于横侧,尤其窄侧。 Laying aid in the case with laying, i.e. the groove is aligned with the seam, the seam from this lateral side, particularly the narrow side. 凹槽用于使绳状或杆状元件可从橫侧那里没有困难地置入,直至使绳状或杆状元件完全到达借助铺设辅助器已置入接缝内的绳状或杆状元件上。 The groove for the rod-like or rope-like element may be placed there without difficulty from the lateral side, to the degree that the rod-like or rope-like element by means of quite reach laying aid is placed on the rod-like or string-like member within the joint .

按本发明的另一项设计,在铺设辅助器下面的榫头设计为沿其全长向下方收缩,使榫头能从上面装入接缝内。 According to another embodiment of the invention, the laying aid is designed to shrink following tenon downward along its entire length, so that the tenon is loaded from above the seam. 这尤其在下列情况下是有利的,即, This is particularly advantageous in the following cases, that is,

墙壁限制从侧面进入接缝。 Restrictions from the side wall into the seams.

按本发明的一项设计,在与两块嵌板的上侧相邻的槽内有向下方向的收缩或台阶形缩窄。 According to an embodiment of the invention, with the two side panels adjacent to the groove downward direction shrinkage or stepped narrowing. 具有位于其下方的榫头的铺设辅助器(小船)与此槽彼此协调,使两块嵌板的彼此压开仅基于在下部区内,亦即在缩窄或收缩区内施加的压力实现。 Having a tenon situated beneath laying aids (boat) with this groove coordinated with one another, so that two panels are pressed apart from each other only in a lower area based on, i.e., the pressure applied in the area of ​​constriction or contraction achieved.

甚至在已置入的尤其可以以圆橡胶的形式存在的绳状或杆状元件被压缩或已松弛的状态下,铺设辅助器的榫头优选地仍有间隙地处于连接缝内部的上部区。 In particular, even in a state may be compressed in the form of circular rubber rope or rod-like member or the placed loose laying aid tenon preferably still a gap in the upper region of the interior of the connecting seam. 由此达到嵌板的上边缘不承受机械负荷,确切地说尤其在铺设辅助器从连接缝拔出时。 Thereby achieving the upper edge of the panel is not subjected to mechanical load, especially during laying out of the connector slit aid precisely. 要不然上边缘可能不希望地损坏并因而破坏外观。 Otherwise, the upper edge may be undesirably damaged and thus damage the appearance.

按本发明的另一项设计,在两块嵌板之间的接缝内部有一个凹槽,确切地说此凹槽尤其处于上述收缩或台阶状缩窄的上方。 According to another embodiment of the invention, in the interior of the seam between the two panels has a recess, in particular precisely this recess above the stepped narrowing or shrinkage. 若绳状元件已置入连接缝内,则填满此凹槽,确切地说尤其基于在绳状或杆状元件上侧向伸出的凸起。 If the cord-shaped member is placed within the connecting seam, this recess is filled, to be precise in particular based on projections extending laterally rope or rod-like elements. 由此导致更好地将绳状或杆状元件固定在接缝内,确切地说尤其基于形状封闭。 Thereby resulting in a better shape or a rod-like element rope fixed within the seam, in particular based on the shape of the closed precisely. 因此,绳状或杆状元件特别可靠地坐落在两块嵌板之间。 Thus, rod-like or rope-like element is located in a particularly reliable manner between two panels.

按本发明的一项简单的特別价廉物美的实施形式,采用一种铺设辅助器,它可以基本上设计为长方六面体形状。 According to the present invention, a simple embodiment particularly cheap, uses a laying aid, which can be designed as a substantially rectangular hexahedral shape. 在长方六面体一侧伸出一个榫头。 In the cuboid side a projecting tenon. 榫头按上述方式设计。 Tenon design as described above. 通过此工具成功地做到将嵌板扩张,从而可以将绳状或杆状元件置入两块嵌板之间的连接缝内,无需克服摩擦力。 This tool will do this successfully expanded panel, whereby the rod-like or rope-like element may be placed within the connecting seam between the two panels, without having to overcome friction. 若工具重新拔出,则接缝重新闭合一小段,从而将绳状或杆状元件固定在两块嵌板之间。 When the tool re-pulled, the joint reclosing short, so that the rod-like or string-like member is fixed between the two panels. 铺设辅助器的这种简化设计可同样使它沿连接缝移动。 Laying aid of this simplified design may likewise make it move along a connecting seam. 在铺设辅助器的后面,绳状或杆状元件可以手动置入扩张区内。 After the laying aid of rope or rod-like element can be inserted manually expanded area.

在横侧或窄側置入的绳状或杆状元件应至少有横缝的覆盖长度 In the rod-like or rope-like elements into the narrow side or lateral side should at least cover the length of the transverse joint

(Deckmapiange),以获得封闭的表面。 (Deckmapiange), to obtain a closed surface. 此覆盖长度(Deckmapiange)典型地当横侧约20cm长时可超过约lmm。 This length covers (Deckmapiange), typically when a lateral side length of about 20cm may be greater than about lmm. 铺设辅助器可以有一个适用的切割装置, 绳状或杆状元件可置入切割装置内并可准确地切割为上述尺寸。 Laying aid can have a suitable cutting device, the rod-like element may be rope or inserted and accurately cut to size in the cutting apparatus described above. 为此,铺设辅助器例如有一个通道,绳状或杆状元件可尤其有小的间隙地置入此通道内。 For this reason, the laying aid has a channel e.g., rod-like or rope-like element may particularly be placed within a small gap passage. 通道的横截面与绳状或杆状元件相匹配。 Cross-section shape or a rod-like element cord channel match. 切割刀具设计为,它例如通过向下加压切断绳状元件,使之有期望的长度。 Cutting tool design, for example by pressing it down cutting cord-shaped member, making it a desired length. 此切割刀具也可以与铺设辅助器分开制造作为单独的刀具。 This cutter may be manufactured separately with the aid laid as a separate tool.

铺设辅助器的材料可以是一种金属,例如铝。 Laying aid material may be a metal, such as aluminum. 但为了能制造价廉物美的铺设辅助器,它优选地用塑料通过压注制成。 However, in order to manufacture cheap laying aid, which is preferably made of plastic by injection-molding. 按本发明的一种设计,铺设辅助器在上侧或端侧有一比较宽的滚轮。 Design according to the present invention, on the laying aid has a side or end of the roller relatively wide. 如果在下侧存在一些滚轮,则它优选地比在下侧的那些滚^"明显地更宽。在上侧或端侧的滚轮用于最终再一次在连接缝上滚动。若绳状或杆状元件不希望地从接缝小量伸出,则可以进行校正。铺设辅助器上用于在绳状元件上施加压力将绳状元件恰当地置入连接缝内的滚轮优选地用一种硬的材料制成。尤其适用一种金属。 If some of the lower roller, it is preferably ^ "significantly wider than those of the lower side of the roller at the roller end side or the upper side once again for a final connecting seam rolling. If the rod-like or string-like element without wishing to be projected from the small joints, can be corrected. laying aid for applying pressure on the cord-like member on the cord-like member is properly placed within the connecting seam is preferably a roller with a hard ground materials made of especially suitable metal.

在铺设辅助器底部的滚轮优选地伸出到这样的程度,即,使铺设辅助器的底部与嵌板之间的距离很小。 Laying aid the bottom roller is preferably protrudes to such an extent that the small distance between the bottom and laying aid panel. 按一种实施形式例如此间距只有几个十分之 According to one embodiment of this example, only a few tenths of a pitch

一毫米,例如2/10mm。 One millimeter, for example, 2 / 10mm. 在这种情况下带来的优点是,仅仅起导引作用的铺设辅助器的前轮也用一种硬的材料制造。 In this case, the advantages brought about that only plays the role of guiding the front wheel of the laying aid also with a hard material. 这种材料无论如何应只有小的可压缩性,以保持在铺设辅助器的底部与嵌板表面之间1/10至2/10mm的间距。 This material should in any case only a small compressibility, to maintain a pitch of 1/10 to 2 / 10mm is laid between the auxiliary and the bottom of the panel surface.

若使用正方形的嵌板,则尽管在纵缝与横缝之间没有区别,但铺设方法原则上是一致的。 , Although there is no difference between the longitudinal and transverse joint seam when using a square panel, but the principle is the same laying method. 沿一个接缝借助铺设辅助器置入橡胶。 Along the seam by means of a laying aid into rubber. 横向于它延伸的接缝借助偏心器彼此压开,以及从上面置入绳状元件。 A seam extending transversely to its pressed apart by means of the eccentric, and from above into the cord-like member.

按本发明的一项设计釆用胶粘剂,绳状元件借助它更好地固定在接缝内。 According to an embodiment of the invention preclude the use of adhesives, by means of which the rope-like member secured in a better seam. 胶粘剂可以在工厂里已经施加在嵌板上。 The adhesive may have been applied in the factory on the panel. 按另一种实施形式,胶粘剂可以与铺设辅助器一起加入接缝内。 According to another form of embodiment, the adhesive may be added with the laying aid inseam. 铺设辅助器有利地有一个相应的罐用于粘附剂或胶粘剂。 Advantageously, the laying aid has a corresponding tank for the adhesive or glue. 然后在置入橡胶之前借助适用的供给装置将胶粘剂加入连接缝内。 Supply means is then added to the adhesive applied to the connecting seam before being placed by the rubber. 因此特别成功地做到制造一种优质的铺面,它也可以由家庭手工业者铺设。 Therefore particularly successful in doing manufacturing a high quality of pavement, it can also be laid by the family artisans.

在横向于上述接缝延伸的横侧或接缝上,可以同样借助一相应的工具或一#>管,手动地加入胶粘剂。 On the lateral side to the transverse seams or seams extending, equally by a corresponding tool or a #> tube, manually added adhesive.

有利地使用那些窄侧通过下沉互相连接的嵌板。 Advantageously used by narrow side panels that subsidence interconnected. 在下沉运动时首先在互相要连接的嵌板的两个窄侧之间留下一个较大的缝隙例如2.3mm。 First, leaving a large gap between the two, for example, 2.3mm narrow side panels to be connected to each other at the time of sinking motion. 直到完全结束时此缝隙才闭合约0.5mm。 Until the end of this gap was completely closed contracts 0.5mm. 与之相关联的几个十分之一毫米的移动运动利用来使绳状元件受压地置于设在表面上的连接缝之间。 Associated therewith displacement movement by a few tenths of millimeter to make the cord-shaped member interposed between the pressure receiving surface provided on the connecting seam. 若对于规矩的嵌板在表面例如留下一个缝隙为2.5mm,则在这里首先可置入2mm宽的绳状或杆状元件。 For example, if the rules of the panel leaving a gap surface is 2.5mm, then there may be first placed 2mm wide rope or rod-like elements. 接着,其中一块嵌板相对于另一块下沉。 Next, a panel relative to the other wherein a sink. 原先2mm的缝隙此时减小例如约0.5mm。 At this time slot originally reduced e.g. 2mm to about 0.5mm. 最后此绳状或杆状元件小量受压地处于接缝内部。 This last element is a small rod-like or string-like compressively located inside seam.

所设的连接部分也可以安置在纵侧。 The connecting portion may be provided at the longitudinal side disposed. 在这里可以相同的方式加上橡胶。 Here you can add the same manner as rubber.

嵌板的材料几乎可以是任意的。 The panel material can be almost arbitrary. 在层合塑料地嵌板的领域如今用HDF In the field of plastic laminated to HDF panel now with

或MDF制造。 Or MDF manufacturing. 但连接部分毫无问题地也可以使用在陶瓷或石块制的面砖中。 But no problem connecting portion may also be used in a ceramic tile or stone-made.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

下面结合附图详细说明本发明的实施例。 Embodiments of the present invention will be described in conjunction with the accompanying drawings. 在附图中: 图1表示两块互相连接的嵌板1和2。 In the drawings: Figure 1 shows two panels 1 and 2 are connected to each other.

图2类似于图1,区别主要在于沉割的互锁或接触面8和16。 FIG 2 is similar to FIG. 1, the main difference is that interlocking undercut or contact surface 8 and 16. 图3类似于图1和图2,区别在于设有另一个绳状或杆状元件22,它置入互锁面8和16之间。 Figure 3 is similar to Figures 1 and 2, with the difference that another rope or rod-like element 22 which is interposed between interlocking surfaces 8 and 16.

图4类似于图1,示出了凹槽6有另一个槽或凹槽23。 FIG 4 is similar to FIG. 1, there is shown another recess 6 or groove 23. 槽23邻接互锁面8。 Abutment surface 23 interlock groove 8.

图5示出了在嵌板2接着朝嵌板1的方向运动时绳状或杆状元件22松弛并到达互锁面8与16之间的状态。 FIG 5 shows a panel 2 in the rod-like element is then rope or slack 22 moves in the direction toward the panel 1 and reaches state between the surfaces 8 and 16 interlocked.

图6示出了图2所示的嵌板通过绕连接缝11的旋转运动与嵌板1互锁。 Figure 6 shows a panel shown in FIG. 2 by a connecting seam 11 about a rotational movement interlocked with a panel. 图7示出了从表面那里置入的绳状或杆状元件18的一种优选实施例。 Figure 7 shows a surface where the implantation of rod-like or string-like member 18 is preferably embodiment. 图8示出了两块嵌板1和2,其中嵌板2的榫头12已插入嵌板1的槽3内。 FIG. 8 shows two panels 1 and 2, wherein the two tenon panel 12 was inserted in the groove 3 of the panel 1.

图9类似于图8,区别在于有一个杆状元件32,它最终已插入由凹槽30和31构成的通道内。 FIG. 9 is similar to FIG. 8, except that there is a rod-shaped element 32, which was inserted in the final passage constituted by the grooves 30 and 31.

图10示出了本发明一种实施形式,其中有矩形表面的嵌板的窄侧作如此设计,使最终的互锁通过杆32的插入完成。 FIG 10 shows an embodiment of the present invention in the form in which the side panel has a narrow rectangular surface be so designed that the final interlocked by the insertion of the rod 32 is completed.

图11示出了本发明的一种实施形式,其中,杆状元件具有缩颈的横截面,凹槽30和31的4黄截面则恰当地对应成形,从而存在沉割的接触面8和33以及34和35,这时凹槽30和31朝开口的方向收缩。 FIG 11 shows an embodiment of the present invention, wherein the rod-like element having a constricted cross-section, the grooves 30 and 31 is a cross-sectional yellow 4 corresponds appropriately shaped, so that there is a contact surface of the undercut 33 and 8 and 34 and 35, when the direction of the grooves 30 and 31 toward the opening shrinkage.

图12示出了本发明的一种实施形式,其中,嵌板2的互锁部分36可通过垂直下沉安置在嵌板1的凹槽内。 FIG 12 shows an embodiment of the present invention, wherein the interlocking panel 2 by a vertical portion 36 may be disposed sunk in the recess of the panel 1.

图13以剖面图示出了在一块已铺设好的嵌板1纵侧的连接部分。 Figure 13 shows a section of the connecting portion has a longitudinal paved panel 1 side.

图14示出了本发明的一种实施形式,所示的嵌板2和2a的窄侧设计为, 当其中一块嵌板2a相对于另一块嵌板2恰当地下沉时,使互锁部分14和10 互相啮合。 14 illustrates an embodiment of the present invention, the panel shown in FIG. 2 and 2a is designed narrow side, wherein when a panel when one panel relative to the other 2a properly sink 2, so that interlocking portion 14 and 10 engaged with each other.

图15a以侧视图示出了工具40。 Figure 15a shows a side view of the tool 40.

图15b以前?f见图示出了工具40。 Figure 15b before? F see figure shows the tool 40.

图16表示嵌板1、 2、 2a的俯一见图。 16 shows a panel 1, 2, overlooking a Figure 2a.

图17示出了本发明的一种实施形式,其中偏心元件已推移在两块嵌板之间,借助一根杠杆将此偏心元件约旋转90。 17 shows an embodiment of the present invention, wherein the eccentric element is in transition between the two panels, this by means of a lever rotating about the eccentric element 90. ,如图中箭头72所示。 , As shown by arrow 72 in FIG. 图18示出了偏心元件旋转了卯°的位置。 FIG. 18 illustrates the position of the eccentric element d ° of rotation. 图19以剖面图示出偏心元件。 Figure 19 shows a section of the eccentric element.

图20示出了本发明的另一种实施形式,其中嵌板2和2a至少一侧通过下沉可互相连接。 Figure 20 shows another embodiment of the present invention, wherein at least one side panel 2 and 2a can be connected to each other by sinking.

图21示出了本发明的一种实施形式。 FIG 21 shows an embodiment of the present invention.

图22和图23以剖面图示出使用于图21所示的嵌板1和2中的绳状或杆状元件18。 22 and 23 shown in section in FIG. 21 using the panels 1 and 2, rod-like or rope-like element 18.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

下面借助实施例详细说明本发明。 The present invention is described in detail below by means of examples.

图1表示两块互相连接的嵌板1和2。 1 shows two panels 1 and 2 are connected to each other. 在这里尤其涉及用于层合塑料地板的嵌板。 Here in particular, it relates to a panel of laminated plastic floor. 图示的嵌板作为举例厚8mm。 Panel illustrated by way of example a thickness 8mm. 嵌板1侧面有一2.5mm深的槽, 槽宽1.9mm。 1 has a side panel of 2.5mm groove depth, width 1.9mm. 槽3包括一个上侧边缘4和一个下侧边缘5。 3 comprises a groove on a side edge 4 and at one side edge 5. 上侧边缘4厚2.8mm。 4 the upper edge thickness 2.8mm. 下侧边缘5比上侧边缘4长。 5 the lower edge than the upper edge 4 long. 在实际上的槽3的区域之外,亦即在相对于上侧边缘4伸出的下侧边缘5的区域内有一个凹槽6。 In fact, outside the region of the groove 3, i.e. in a groove 6 with respect to the region of the side edges 4 projecting from a side edge 5. 凹槽6由倾斜地延伸的界壁7和垂直延伸的界壁8构成。 A groove 6 and a vertical boundary wall 7 extending obliquely extending boundary wall 8 configuration. 倾斜延伸的壁朝地板表面9的方向呈喇p八状张开。 A wall extending obliquely towards the direction of the floor surface 9 in the form of eight-shaped opening La p. 在本例中与相对于地板表面的垂直线成15度的夹角。 In the present embodiment, the line perpendicular to the floor surface at an angle of 15 degrees. 倾斜延伸的壁7用于从槽3实际上的区域向凹槽6过渡。 7 for the inclined wall 6 extends from the transition region actually groove the groove 3. 垂直于地板表面9延伸的壁8构成互锁部分10的一个壁。 Wall extending perpendicular to the floor surface 98 forms a wall 10 of the interlocking portion. 互锁部分10处于嵌板1伸出的侧面或唇5的开口端。 Interlocking portion 10 at the open end or side panels projecting lip 5 1. 在本例中互锁部分IO相对于凹槽6的底部突起约0.7mm。 In the present embodiment the interlocking portion with respect to the bottom of the recess 6 IO projections about 0.7mm. 壁8构成一个接触或互锁面,它用于嵌板1和2平行于地板表面9以及垂直于接缝11的互锁。 8 constitutes a wall contacting surface or interlocking, it is for interlocking panels 1 and 2 are parallel and perpendicular to the floor surface 9 of the seam 11.

嵌板2侧面有一个榫头12。 Side panel 2 has a peg 12. 在两块嵌板的连接状态,榫头12处于槽3 内。 In the connected state of two panels, the tenon 12 in the groove 3. 榫头12的厚度与槽的宽度相匹配,使得向上和向下不存在间隙。 The thickness and width of the groove match the tenon 12, upward and downward so that a gap does not exist. 榫头12的开口端在下侧有一个倾斜延伸的界面13。 The lower open end of the tenon 12 a side interface 13 extending obliquely. 在这里相对于槽3相邻的侧面5留下一个间距。 3 with respect to the slot where adjacent side 5 left by one pitch. 倾斜延伸的界面13的作用是使榫头12能容易地插入槽3内。 Extending the inclined interface 13 is to effect tenon 12 can be easily inserted within the third groove. 尤其是凹槽13适用于将榫头12借助于绕连接缝11的旋转运动插入槽3内。 13 especially adapted to the groove 12 by means of a tenon rotational movement about the connecting seam 11 is inserted into the groove 3.

在榫头12下方i殳一伸出的凸起14。 Shu beneath a peg 12 i extending projection 14. 由此构成一个凹槽15,它可以通过铣削嵌板2的下侧制成。 Thereby forming a recess 15, it can be made by milling the underside of the panel 2. 构成凹槽15与凸起14之间过渡区的壁16垂直于地板表面延伸。 Forming recess 15 extending projection 16 of the transition zone between the vertical wall 14 to the floor surface. 壁16同时构成一个互锁或接触面,它与相邻的壁8配合导致平行于地板表面9和垂直于接缝11的形状封闭地互锁。 Wall 16 simultaneously forms a contact surface or interlocking, it leads adjacent to the walls 8 parallel with the shape of the interlocking closure seam 11 and is perpendicular to the floor surface 9. 因为接触面或互锁面8和16垂直于地板表面延伸,所以与例如由文件WO 97/47834 Al已知的先有技术相比,由此在两块嵌板1和2之间达到一种特别可靠的形状封闭的互锁。 Because the contact surfaces extend 8 or interlocking surfaces 16 and perpendicular to the floor surface, and known from document WO 97/47834 Al compared to prior art, for example, thereby to achieve a between two panels 1 and 2 particularly reliable interlocking closed shape. 基于互锁面8和16的这种形状封闭的互锁可采取下列措施进一步改善:将伸出的下侧边缘5设计为有足够的刚度。 Based on this shape of the closed interlocking interlocking surfaces 8 and 16 may take the following measures to further improve: the projecting lower edge 5 is designed to have sufficient rigidity. 若嵌板1和2不能通过在一个平面内互相移近连接,则下侧边缘5便可设计得有足够的刚度。 5 can be designed to have sufficient rigidity if the panels 1 and 2 can not be moved closer to each other in a connection plane, the lower side edge. 通过在一个平面内移动连接同样由上述文件WO 97/47834 Al己知。 Also document WO 97/47834 Al by the known connector by moving within a plane.

为了进一步改善平行于地板表面以及垂直于连接缝11的形状封闭互锁,互锁面8和16可以是沉割的。 To further improve the surface parallel to the floor and perpendicular to the shape of the slit 11 is connected to the closure interlock, the interlock surfaces 8 and 16 may be undercut. 相对于垂直延伸线偏离几度角就足够了。 With respect to the vertically extending lines departing few degrees is sufficient. 因此互锁面8朝凹槽6的方向向里倾斜。 Thus interlocking surface 8 is inclined inwardly in the direction of the groove 6. 相应地互锁面16朝凹槽15的方向向里倾斜。 Accordingly, the interlocking surface 16 is inclined inwardly towards the recess 15. 在连接状态,互锁面8和16因而互相挂钩。 In the connected state, the interlocking faces 8 and 16 thus linked to each other. 若连接应能通过在一个平面内移动完成,那么这种实施形式是特别有利的。 If the connection can be completed within a moving plane, then this form of embodiment is particularly advantageous. 在这种情况下例如伸出的侧面5能足够多地向下弯曲,以便能通过在一个平面内移动实现连接。 In this case, for example, the side surface 5 extending downwardly bent can be enough to move through in one plane connected. 为了更好地保证在铺设好的状态不会发生由于在一个平面内彼此移开而不希望地脱开,互锁面8和16的上述互相挂钩便是特别有利的。 To better ensure that does not occur because in a plane away from each other undesirably paved disengaged state, the interlocking surface of the hook 8 and 16 to each other is particularly advantageous. 通过这种互相桂钩,防止例如下侧边缘5会由于振动而弯开去。 Through this mutual Gui hook 5 will open due to the bending vibration, for example, to prevent the lower edge.

在榫头下方伸出的凸起14朝榫头的开口端方向以一个倾斜延伸的壁17 为界。 Projection direction toward the open end 14 of dovetail tenon extending to below an inclined wall 17 extending as the boundary. 在互锁状态,界壁17平行于壁7。 In the interlocked state, boundary wall 17 parallel to the wall 7. 在图1所示的互锁状态,在壁17 与壁7之间留下一个间隙。 In the interlocked state shown in FIG. 1, between the wall 17 and the wall 7 to leave a gap. 间隙的量可以是几个十分之一毫米。 The amount of the gap can be one of a few tenths of a millimeter. 在本例中它例如为0.5mm。 In the present embodiment, it is, for example 0.5mm.

若互锁面8与互锁面16接触,则在界壁17与界壁7之间产生的上述间隙为0.5mm。 If the contact surface 8 interlocking with the interlock surface 16, is generated at the gap between the boundary wall 17 and the boundary wall 7 is 0.5mm. 与此同时在地斧反表面留下一个缝隙,它例如厚2.5mm。 At the same time the ax in a reverse surface leaving a gap, which, for example 2.5mm thick. 因此在互锁状态,在嵌板1和2之间起先留下一个间隙。 Therefore, in the interlocking state between the panels 1 and 2 at first leaving a gap. 这就允许嵌板互相连接, 尽管互锁面8和16在本例中垂直延伸或至少几乎垂直延伸。 This allows the panels connected to each other, although the 8 and the interlocking surface 16 extending vertically at least approximately vertically extending or present embodiment. 甚至可以是沉割。 Even be undercut. 此间隙典型地为2/10mm或更大。 This gap is typically 2 / 10mm or more. 间隙多大才应是恰当的,主要取决于接触面8和16的形状和尺寸。 How large a gap should be appropriate, depending on the shape and size of the contact surfaces 8 and 16. 专业人员可根据各自的具体情况通过少量试验确定,间隙至少应有多大,以保证即使在陡咱的、垂直或沉割延伸的接触面8和16的情况下仍能完成连接。 Professionals can be experimentally determined by a small amount in accordance with each particular case, the gap should be at least a little, in order to ensure that even in the case where we steep, vertical or undercut extending contact surface 8 and 16 can still complete the connection. 出自于此原因也可以恰当的是,采用一 By this reason may be appropriate is the use of a

个大得多的间隙,例如1 mm。 A larger gap, for example 1 mm.

在互锁的状态下,嵌板1可相对于嵌板2沿连接缝11移动。 In the interlocked state, panel 1 may be 2 with respect to the panel 11 moves along the connecting seam. 在铺设时这可能是希望的,为的是将嵌板置于最终的位置。 In laying this may be desired, as the panel is placed in its final position. 与例如由文件WO 97/47834A1已知的先有技术相比,这种移动能非常轻易地进行。 Known from the document WO 97 / 47834A1 compared to prior art example, this movement can be very easily performed.

为了避免在两块嵌板表面上在连接缝11中留下的缝隙中侵入水分和灰尘,置入一个绳状或杆状元件18。 In order to avoid the two panels in the connection surface 11 to leave a gap in the seam penetration of moisture and dust into a rope-like or rod-like member 18. 此绳状或杆状元件18在本例中有矩形横截面以及基本上与缝隙的形状一致。 This rod-like or rope-like element 18 has a rectangular cross-section and substantially conform to the shape of the slit in this embodiment. 绳状或杆状元件18与嵌板1和2的表面9齐平地结束。 Rope or rod-like element 18 and the surface 9 of panel 1 and 2 terminates flush.

绳状或杆状元件18优选地略宽于其中置入绳状或杆状元件的缝隙。 Rope or rod-like member 18 is preferably slightly wider than the slot into which string-like or rod-like elements. 也就是说在本例中略宽于2.5mm。 That is in this embodiment are slightly wider than 2.5mm. 绳状或杆状元件18的深度相当于侧面4的厚度。 Rope or rod-like elements 4 the depth corresponding to the thickness of the side surface 18. 在本例中因而绳状或杆状元件的深度为2.8mm以及坐落在榫头12的上侧上。 Thus in this embodiment the depth of the rod-like or rope-like element is 2.8mm and the tenon 12 is located in the upper side. 由此保证,绳状或杆状元件18不会如此深地进入缝隙内,以致不能达到在表面9上齐平地结束。 This ensures that the string-like or rod-like member 18 would not be so deep into the gap, that it can not reach the ends flush on the surface 9.

在本例中绳状或杆状元件18用一种硅酮材料制成。 Made of a silicone material in the present embodiment, string-like or rod-like member 18. 它是弹性的并因而可以压缩。 It is elastic and therefore can be compressed.

其中置入绳状或杆状元件18的缝隙向下扩展。 Wherein the slit into rod-like or string-like member 18 is extended downwardly. 在本例中,扩展呈喇叭形地通过壁19和20构成。 In the present embodiment, the flared extension 19 and constituted by a wall 20. 扩展可以是最小量的。 Extension may be a minimum amount. 几个十分之一毫米就够了。 One of a few tenths of a millimeter is enough. 通过扩展要达到的目的是,使绳状或杆状元件18,当它略宽于缝隙时,可以在凹槽区内扩张。 Object is to be achieved by extending the rod-like or string-like member 18, when it is slightly wider than the gap may be expanded in the groove area. 由此做到,使绳状或杆状元件18牢固地坐落在缝隙内。 Thus to achieve the rope or rod-like member 18 is firmly located in the gap. 从而防止在互锁状态绳状或杆状元件不希望地脱落。 Thereby preventing the rope or rod-like elements fall off undesirably interlocked state.

绳状或杆状元件18可在铺设过程中置入缝隙内。 Rope or rod-like element 18 can be placed within the gap during laying. 但也可以在制造厂那里已经将一块嵌板1或2与此绳状或杆状元件18连接在一起。 You may have a panel 1 or 2 is connected to this rod-like or rope-like element 18 at the factory where together. 基于材料的可压缩性,与由文件WO 97/47834 A1已知的先有技术相比,仍然可以达到期望的效果。 Based on compressibility of the material, as compared with the prior art document WO 97/47834 A1 is known, you can still achieve the desired effect. 在嵌板互相连接的情况下,允许比较轻易地沿共同的连接缝移动。 In the case of panels connected to each other, allowing relatively easy to move along a common connecting seam. 这种连接甚至可以在接触面8和16垂直或沉割地延伸的条件下成功地咒成。 This connection can be successfully even curse to 8 and 16 at a vertical or sink contact extending cede territory.

按图2的实施形式与图1所示的实施形式的区别主要在于沉割的互锁或接触面8和16。 It differs from the embodiment form shown in FIG. 1 according to the embodiment of FIG. 2 mainly in that the undercut interlock or contact surface 8 and 16. 由此特别好地保证,当嵌板2朝箭头21的方向抽拉时,嵌板2不会与嵌板1脱开。 Thereby ensure particularly good, when the panel 2 toward the drawing direction of the arrow 21, the panel 1 and the panel 2 does not disengage. 尤其在弹性側面5的情况下本实施形式特别有利。 Very particularly advantageous in the case of the present embodiment forms the elastic side surface 5.

按图3的实施形式与图l和图2所示实施形式的差别在于设有另一个绳状或杆状元件22,它置入互锁面8和16之间。 Embodiment according to FIG. 3 shown in FIG l and FIG. 2 that the difference in the form of embodiment is provided with another rope or rod-like member 22, it is interposed between interlocking surfaces 8 and 16. 由此导致嵌板之间的间隙与按图1和2的实施形式相比可以比较大,不必加大在嵌板1和2表面9上的绳状或杆状元件18。 Thereby resulting in a gap between the panels compared to the embodiment according to FIGS. 1 and 2 can be relatively large without increasing the panels 1 and 2 on the surface 9 of the rod-like or string-like member 18. 此外,绳状或杆状元件22可以补偿收缩效应,这种收缩效应尤其会发生在嵌板用一种木材制品加工的情况下。 Further, rod-like or rope-like element 22 can compensate shrinkage effect, this shrinkage effect can occur in particular in the case of using one wood panel products processing.

若嵌板采用矩形的表面,则按图3的实施形式优选地用在窄侧,因为在这里收缩效应可能表现得特别明显。 If the surface of the rectangular panel, press the embodiment of FIG 3 it is preferably in the form of a narrow side, because here contraction effect was especially evident possible. 在纵侧,收缩效应的影响较小。 The longitudinal side, the smaller the influence of the contraction effect.

若嵌板用一种木材制品制成,则它们通常在高的温度下收缩。 If the panel is made of one wood products, they are usually at a high temperature shrinkage. 若用木材制品制成的嵌板置于潮湿的房间,则它们通常会膨胀。 If placed in a wet room panels made of wood products, they generally swell. 因此,按图3的实施形式优选地使用于通常加热的房间内。 Thus, according to the embodiment of FIG 3 it is preferably used generally in a heated room. 在这方面可例如列举独家住宅的起居室。 In this respect, for example, it cited an exclusive residential living room.

处于接触或互锁面8与16之间的杆状或绳状元件22的横截面通常有比绳状或杆状元件18小的尺寸,后者毗邻地板的表面9。 Interlocking at the contact surface or cross-section rod or cord-shaped member between 8 and 16 22 18 usually have a smaller size than the rope or rod-like element, which is adjacent to the surface of the floor 9. 在本例中绳状或杆状元件22的横截面大体设计为正方形。 In the present embodiment, the cross-sectional shape or a rod-like element cord 22 is substantially square design. 正方形的尺寸约为lmmxlmm。 A square size of about lmmxlmm.

在按图4的实施形式中,凹槽6有另一个槽或凹槽23。 In the embodiment according to Figure 4, another recess 6 or groove 23. 槽23邻接互锁面8。 Abutment surface 23 interlock groove 8. 在铺设时一个绳状或杆状元件22处于槽23内。 A rope-like or rod-like member 22 in the groove 23 when laying. 在未受压缩的状态, 绳状或杆状元件22部分从所述另一个槽23伸出。 In the uncompressed state, the rod-like or string-like portions 22 extending from the other slot member 23. 若嵌板2与嵌板1连接, 则凸起14首先将绳状或杆状元件22完全压入槽23内,如图4中表示的那样。 When the panel 1 and panel 2 is connected, the first projection 14 or the string-like rod-like element 22 is completely pressed into the groove 23, as shown in FIG. 4 as indicated.

若嵌板2接着朝嵌板1的方向运动,则绳状或杆状元件22 ;^弛并到达互锁面8与16之间。 If the direction of movement of the panels 2 and then panels 1, the string-like or rod-like element 22; ^ relaxation between 8 and 16 and reaches the interlocking surface. 在图5中表示了这种状态。 This state is expressed in Fig. 在那里受压缩的元件必须描述为椭圓形。 Where the compressed element must be described as an oval. 但为了示图清晰起见,图示与真实情况有差别。 But for clarity diagram illustrating a difference with the real situation.

在按图4的实施形式中,凸起14的长度尺寸确定为,使嵌板2相对于嵌板1通过垂直下沉可被置于图4所示的位置。 In the embodiment according to FIG. 4, the length dimension of the projection 14 is determined as the position of panel 2 with respect to the panel 1 may be placed through the vertical sink 4 shown in FIG. 下沉运动通过箭头24表示。 Subsidence represented by arrow 24. 接着嵌板2沿箭头25朝嵌板1的方向移动。 Then the panel 2 moves in the direction of arrow 25 of the panel 1. 嵌板2移动的距离很小并可限于几个十分之一毫米。 Panel 2 moves from the small and limited to a few tenths of millimeters. 若移动距离很短,则为铺设所需要的时间可以相应地缩短。 When the movement distance is short, compared with the time required for laying can be correspondingly shortened. 这种缩短尤其是与前言提及的先有技术相比而言,例如与由文件WO 97/47834Al已知的先有技术相比而言。 This shortens the preamble, especially to contrast the prior art mentioned, for example, known from the document WO 97 / 47834Al compared the prior art.

按照一种实施形式,其中,在第一步可沿箭头24垂直下沉,它优选地使用在具有矩形表面的嵌板的窄侧。 According to one embodiment, wherein the arrow 24 along the vertical sinking in a first step, it is preferably used in a narrow side panel having a rectangular surface. 然后在纵侧这样一种连接方式是优选的,即,连接通过绕连接缝11的旋转运动完成。 Then the longitudinal side of such a connection is preferred, i.e., via a rotational movement about the connecting seam 11 is completed. 连接通过旋转运动实现的这种先有技术可例如见文件WO 01/48332 Al或文件US 4426820。 In this connection rotational movement may be achieved, for example, see prior art document WO 01/48332 Al or document US 4426820.

若嵌板2沿箭头25朝嵌板1的方向移动,便达到图5中表示的情景。 When the panel 2 moves in the direction of arrow 25 of panel 1, will reach the scenario represented in FIG. 5. 现在,还要在连接缝11内(最后)置入一个绳状或杆状元件18并结束连接。 Now, also in the connecting seam 11 (last) into a rope-like or rod-like member 18 and the end connector.

嵌板2仅移动1至2mm便足以从按图4的情景到达按图5的情景。 Panel 2 moves only from 1 to 2mm is sufficient to press the scenario of FIG. 4 reaches the scenario in Figure 5. 这一距离仍始终比例如由文件EP 00843763 Bl已知的先有技术中所需要的距离短。 This distance is still always proportion as the document EP 00843763 Bl known prior art short-range needs.

图6表示,图2所示的嵌板通过绕连接缝11的旋转运动与嵌板1互锁。 6 shows, the seam panels shown in FIG. 2 and the rotational movement 11 about the panel 1 is connected by interlocking. 在此情况下,榫头12与按图5的实施形式相比可以较长,所以不再可能实施包括首先沿箭头24(图4)作下沉运动再实现连接的方法。 In this case, the tenon 12 of the embodiment according to FIG 5 may be longer in comparison, it is no longer possible for the first embodiment comprises a sinking movement direction of arrow 24 (FIG. 4) is connected to another implementation. 因此,与图4相比达到一种更加稳定的垂直于地板表面的形状封闭地连接。 Therefore, compared with 4 to achieve a more stable FIG perpendicularly connected to the closed shape of the floor surface.

绳状或杆状元件22可有圓形横截面。 Rope or rod-like element 22 may have a circular cross section. 直径例如约2mm。 For example, a diameter of about 2mm. 绳状或杆状元件22部分处于其中的槽23典型地有类似的宽度。 Rope or rod-like element 22 in the groove portion 23 in which there are typically of a similar width. 在本例中因而此宽度为2mm。 In the present embodiment, therefore this width is 2mm. 深度可以是一半那么大。 Depth can be half as big. 因此深度为lmm。 Therefore a depth of lmm.

若一块嵌板按前面已提及的方式包括两个绳状或杆状元件,则一个绳状或杆状元件18可从表面那里特别筒单地置入,为此首先借助一相应的工具克服绳状或杆状元件22的弹性将表面处的缝隙彼此压开。 If a panel in the manner previously mentioned comprises two rod-like or string-like member is a rope-like or rod-like member 18 may be placed in particular from the surface of a single cylinder where, for this purpose by means of a first tool against the corresponding rod-like member or an elastic string 22 at the surface of the slit pressed apart. 在彼此压开的状态,在表面处的缝隙宽度因而尤其大于应置入此缝隙内的绳状或杆状元件18 的宽度。 Apart from each other in the press, at the surface of the slit width should thus placed in particular greater than the width of the rod-like or string-like member 18 in this gap. 于是绳状或杆状元件18可以特别简单地置入。 Then the rod-like or rope-like element 18 can be inserted in a particularly simple manner. 接着撤除工具,以及由于绳状或杆状元件22的膨胀使嵌板1移近嵌板2。 Subsequently removal tool, and the expansion rope or rod element 22 closer to the panel 1 so that panel 2. 一旦达到力的平衡, 这种基于绳状或杆状元件22膨胀的移动便停止。 Once the force reaches a balance, which stops movement of the string-like or rod-shaped expansion member 22 on. 因此在表面不留下任何间隙。 Thus the surface without leaving any gaps.

因此在表面9的绳状或杆状元件18防止灰尘和水分的入侵。 Therefore rope or rod-shaped elements 18 preventing surface 9 dust and moisture intrusion. 图7表示从表面那里置入的绳状或杆状元件18的一种有利的设计。 FIG. 7 shows a surface where the placement of the rod-like or string-like member 18 is advantageous. 此绳状或杆状元件18在横截面内向两侧有一种类型的倒刺26和27。 This rope or rod-like member 18 within the cross-section of one type of sides 26 and barbs 27. 为了使绳状或杆状元件18能特别好地侧向压缩,在下侧设一曲拱形凹槽29。 To make the rod-like or rope-like element 18 laterally compress particularly well, provided a lower arcuate groove 29. 此外, 此绳状或杆状元件18可例如在内部有一丝线29,以避免膨胀效果。 Further, this string-like or rod-like member 18 may, for example, a wire 29 in the interior, in order to avoid the effect of the expansion. 因此, 丝线29用一种不能膨胀的材料制造,按图7它被一种可压缩的材料如硅酮包覆。 Thus, the wire 29 is not producing an expanded material, according to FIG. 7 which is a compressible material such as a silicone coating.

绳状或杆状元件18在置入后的状态可看到的表面30可设计为平的,以便能达到与嵌板表面9齐平地结束。 18 in the state after the placement can be seen rope or rod-like element surface 30 may be designed as a flat surface in order to achieve the panel 9 terminates flush.

图8表示两块嵌板1和2,其中嵌板2的榫头12已插入嵌板1的槽3 内。 8 shows two panels 1 and 2, wherein the two tenon panel 12 has been inserted in the groove 3 panel 1. 伸出的侧面5在上侧有一个其剖面为矩形的凹槽30。 5 has a side surface extending rectangular cross section groove 30 on the upper side. 榫头12在下侧有一个其剖面为矩形的凹槽31。 Lower tenon 12 has a rectangular cross section groove 31. 这两个凹槽30和31宽度相同。 The two grooves 30 and 31 have the same width. 当嵌板2的榫头12完全插入嵌板1的槽3中时,它们处于叠合位置,从而在共同的连接 When the tenon panel 2 fully inserted into the slot 12 of the panel 1 3, which in the stacked position, so that the common connection

缝11处不留下缝隙。 At the seam 11 without leaving gaps. 凹槽30和31构成一个通道,通道内插入一个绳状或杆状元件,使嵌板1与嵌板2平行于表面9以及垂直于连接缝11互锁。 Grooves 30 and 31 form a channel, inserting a rod-like or string-like member within the channel, so that the panel 1 and the panel 2 and 9 parallel to the surface perpendicular to the connecting seam 11 interlock. 嵌板2朝嵌板1方向的移动能轻易地一直到达图8所示的位置,因为不必克服伸出的互锁部分。 Panel 2 moves toward the direction of the panel can be easily until it reaches the position shown in Figure 8, since no interlocking portion projecting overcome. 在图8所示的状态还可以很容易地将嵌板2相对于嵌板1 沿共同的连接缝移动,因为这些嵌板仅垂直于表面9互锁。 In the state shown in FIG. 8 can be easily panel 2 with respect to the panel 1 moves along a common connecting seam, because the only vertical panels 9 to a surface interlock.

图9与图8的区别在于有一个杆状元件32,它最终已插入由凹槽30和31构成的通道内。 The difference between FIGS. 9 and 8 in that there is a rod-shaped element 32, which was inserted in the final passage constituted by the grooves 30 and 31. 杆状元件32至少几乎与凹槽30和31的宽度一样宽,为的是不在表面9上的连接缝11中产生任何缝隙。 Rod-shaped element 32 at least almost identical to the width of the groove 30 and the width 31, is connected to the upper surface 9 of the slits 11 do not generate any gaps. 制造杆状或绳状元件32的材料,因而优选地采用一种可小量压缩或不可压缩的材料,以避免在表面9 的连接缝ll内产生缝隙。 Manufacturing a rod or cord-shaped piece of material 32 is thus preferably employ a small amount of a material may be compressed or non-compressed, in order to avoid a gap in the surface 9 of the connecting seam ll. 因此作为这种材料可以使用金属或木材制品。 Thus metal or wood products can be used as such a material.

若嵌板1和2按图8和9中表示的方式构成一个封闭的表面,则例如从外观的原因看是恰当的,在另一些侧边同样采用这样的连接部分,从而也构成封闭的表面。 If the panels 1 and 2 is formed by a closed surface 9 and the embodiment shown in FIG. 8, for example, the appearance viewed from the reasons it is appropriate, in other uses the same side of this connecting portion, thus constituting a closed surface . 尤其恰当的是,有矩形表面的嵌板的窄侧作如此设计,使最终的互锁通过杆32的插入完成。 In particular, it is appropriate that, with a rectangular surface of the panel to be so narrow side design, the final interlocking rod 32 is completed by insertion. 在纵侧则优选这种连接部分,即,此时连接要借助绕连接缝的旋转运动实现。 Such a connection is preferred in a longitudinal side portion, i.e., is connected to this case by means of a rotational movement about the connecting seam is achieved. 在这种情况下同样不在两块嵌板1和2 之间的表面9上留下任何缝隙。 In this case the surface is not the same between the two panels 1 and 2 9 leaving any gaps. 图IO表示了这种实施形式。 FIG IO shows this embodiment. 接触面8和16 倾斜地延伸,以便尽管没有间隙仍能借助旋转运动实现连接。 8 and the contact face 16 extending obliquely, so that although there is no gap by means of the rotational movement still connected. 伸出的侧面5 优选地设计为刚性的,以保证在互锁状态嵌板1和2稳定地互锁。 Preferably 5 side projecting rigid design, to ensure that the panels 1 and 2 in the interlocked state stably interlocked.

若嵌板1和2按一种不同于图8和9的实施形式设计为,在表面9的连接缝ll中留下一个缝隙,则恰当地在缝隙内置入一个绳状或杆状元件18, 它例如用硅酮或橡胶制成。 If the panels 1 and 2 differs from the form of embodiment according to FIGS. 8 and 9 is designed to leave a gap at the connecting seam ll surface 9, it is suitably built into a rod-like or rope-like elements 18 in the gap, it is for example made of silicone or rubber. 恰当地,绳状或杆状元件32用聚四氟乙烯或一种有类似的柔性和光滑表面的材料制造。 Properly, rope or rod-shaped element 32 is a kind of Teflon or similar flexible material and smooth surface. 因此,尤其当嵌板的窄侧如此设计时,绳状或杆状元件32可更加顺利地插入由凹槽30和31构成的通道内。 Thus, especially when the side panel is so narrow design, rope or rod-shaped element 32 can be inserted into the channel constituted by the groove 30 and 31 more smoothly. 也就是说,与纵侧相比在窄侧产生的对插入起反作用的摩擦力较小。 That is, compared to the narrow side and longitudinal side produced inserted counterproductive less friction.

杆状元件的横截面可以有其他形状。 Cross-section rod-like element may have other shapes. 例如它可以是缩颈的。 For example, it may be necking. 凹槽30和31的横截面则恰当地对应成形,从而存在沉割的接触面8和33以及34和35。 Grooves 30 and 31 is appropriately cross-sectional shape corresponds to the presence of the undercut contact surfaces 8 and 33 and 34 and 35. 图ll表示了这种实施形式。 FIG. Ll shows this embodiment.

为了在插入时不必关注特殊的位置,杆状元件有一圓形横截面。 In order not a concern when inserting a special position, the rod-like member has a circular cross section. 凹槽30和31相应地成形为半圆形,如图12所示。 Grooves 30 and 31 correspondingly shaped semicircular, as shown in Fig.

若至少一端逐渐变尖,则杆32的插入能特别容易地完成。 If at least one end is tapered, the insertion of the rod 32 can be particularly easily. 优选地两端逐渐变尖,由此使用者或用户不需要关注应当用杆的那一端穿入通道内。 Preferably the tapered ends, whereby a user or a user does not need to be concerned about that end of the rod penetrating the passage. 图11中表示的情况是,凹槽30和31朝开口的方向收缩。 11 shows a case that the direction of the recess 31 toward the opening 30 and contraction. 相应的杆状元件32有一个缩颈。 A respective rod-shaped element 32 has a constriction. 由此导致沉割的接触面。 Thereby resulting in the contact surface of the undercut. 这种实施形式在槽3的侧面4 和5等长时是特别有利的,因为它们比较薄并因而柔性比较大。 This embodiment 3 at the side surface of the groove 4 and 5 is particularly advantageous as long as they are relatively thin and therefore flexible relatively large.

图12表示一种实施形式,其中,嵌板2的互锁部分36可通过垂直下沉安置在嵌板1的凹槽内。 FIG 12 shows an embodiment, wherein the interlocking panel 2 by a vertical portion 36 may be disposed sunk in the recess of the panel 1. 两个互锁部分36和37有半圓形的凹槽30和31, 其中为了最终的互锁插入圆杆32。 Two interlocking portions 36 and 37 have semicircular recesses 30 and 31, wherein for the final round bar 32 is inserted into the interlock. 在连接缝11处不留下任何缝隙或间隙。 Without leaving any gap or gaps at the connecting seam 11. 为了连接,将嵌板2相对于嵌板1垂直下沉就够了,不必接着移动这些嵌板。 In order to connect the panels 2 with respect to a vertical panel sink enough, then not necessary to move the panels.

如果没有在嵌板的所有侧设按图12的连接部分,则仍然特别有利的是, 在一块有矩形表面的嵌板中在纵侧采用一种实施形式,按此实施形式,通过绕连接缝11的旋转运动实现连接。 If no connection is provided by the portion of FIG. 12 on all sides of the panel, it is still particularly advantageous embodiment uses a panel in the form of a longitudinal side surface of a rectangular, Click embodiment, by connecting seam around rotational movement of the connector 11 is achieved. 为此可例如参见图10,它表示了这种连接部分。 For this purpose see e.g. FIG. 10, which shows this connecting portion. 在窄侧采用按图12的实施形式。 Using the narrow side 12 of the embodiment according to FIG. 若这种一块嵌板与另一块嵌板在纵侧通过绕共同的连接缝的旋转运动连接,则与此同时可以与一块相邻的已经铺设好的嵌板通过窄侧连接,这块嵌板不必在最后移动到最终位置。 If such a panel with another panel at a longitudinal side connected by a rotational movement about a common connecting seam, then at the same time may have paved an adjacent panel are connected by narrow side, this panel Finally, you do not have to move to the final position. 为了最终的互锁只是将杆32插入由凹槽30和32构成的通道内。 Just for ultimate interlocking rod 32 is inserted within the passageway constituted by the groove 30 and 32.

凹槽30、 31和37以及互锁部分37的形状可与图12所示的实施形式不同。 Grooves 30, 31 and 37 and the shape of the interlocking portion 37 may be different from the embodiment shown in FIG. 12. 重要的仅仅是,这些形状最终能沿所述的这些方向实现期望的没有胶水的互锁。 It is only important that the final shape of the can in these directions do not achieve the desired interlocking glue.

通过本发明成功地提供了下列用于连接两块嵌板的方法。 By following the present invention provides a method for connecting two panels successfully. 嵌板1与嵌板2组合,使凹槽30与31构成一个通道。 Panel 2 panel 1 in combination with the recess 30 and 31 constituting a channel. 连接部分设计为使这些嵌板沿第一个方向互锁。 The connecting portion is designed so that these interlocking panel in a first direction. 接着在通道内插入一个杆状元件。 Then a rod-like element is inserted in the channel. 连接部分设计为,使两块嵌板不仅垂直于公共表面9而且平行于公共表面9以及同时垂直于连接缝11 互锁。 The connecting portion is designed so that only two panels perpendicular to the common surface 9 and 9 parallel to the common surface and perpendicular to the connecting seam 11 while interlocking.

元件32也可以用一种有优选地大复位力的弹性材料制成。 Element 32 may be formed in a large restoring force preferably with a resilient material. 因此它可以在工厂里已经固定在两个凹槽30或31之一内。 It may already be fixed in one or two recesses 3130 in the factory. 这种绳状元件尤其用硅酮或一种石更PCV制成。 This particular cord-shaped member with a silicone or one made of stone more PCV.

按本发明的绳状或杆状元件其直径至少0.5mm,优选地至少lmm。 Press rope or rod-like elements of the invention having a diameter of at least 0.5mm, preferably at least lmm. 若绳状或杆状元件有矩形横截面,则矩形的长和宽优选地至少0.5mm,尤其优选地至少lmm。 If the rod-like or rope-like element has a rectangular cross-section, the length and width of the rectangle is preferably at least 0.5mm, particularly preferably at least lmm. 此外,按本发明的绳状或杆状元件尤其是一个独立的零件, 它作为独立的零件按一种实施形式可以与一块嵌板粘结。 Further, rod-like or rope-like element according to the present invention, in particular a separate part, as a separate part according to an embodiment may be bonded to form a panel. 在这种情况下不改变物理性质。 In this case, without changing the physical properties. 在一种实施形式中这种绳状或杆状元件可与此情况不同,其中将一种处于可流动状态的糊剂或类似物涂在一块嵌板上,以及糊剂接着固 In one form of this embodiment the rod-like or rope-like element may be different from this case, which one is in the flowable state of paste or the like coated on a panel, and then the solid paste

化。 Of.

图13和14表示了一些实施形式,它们是图4和5中所示实施形式的一种进一步发展。 13 and 14 show a few embodiments, which is a form of embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 4 and 5 further development.

在图13中用剖面图表示在一块已铺设好的嵌板1纵侧的连接部分。 13 by the cross-sectional view showing a connecting portion in an already laid panel 1 good longitudinal side. 嵌板1侧向在纵侧有一个在下部伸出的侧面5。 Lateral panel 1 has a side surface in the lower portion 5 projecting at the longitudinal sides. 带有槽状缺口23的槽状凹槽6 处于伸出的侧面5内。 Groove-shaped recess 23 with a slot-shaped recess 6 extending at the inner side surface 5. 在凹槽内部的槽23内置入绳22。 The groove 23 inside the groove 22 built into the cord. 绳包括用一种弹性小的材料制的弦线或丝线29,它被橡胶或硅酮包覆。 Cord comprises an elastic material made of a small string or wire 29, which is coated with silicone or rubber. 基于此弦线,绳22不改变它的长度。 Based on this string, cord 22 does not change its length. 第二块嵌板2将其纵侧斜靠在第一块嵌板1上,以及通过旋转被置于公共的嵌板平面9内。 The second block 2 to its longitudinal panel obliquely against a first panel 1, and is disposed within a common plane of the panels 9 by rotation. 由此使嵌板2与已铺设好的嵌板1连接,从而使它们平行于公共表面9以及垂直于共同的接缝11通过形状封闭地互相连接。 Whereby the panel 2 and the panel 1 have paved the connection, so that they are parallel to the common surface of the closure 9 and 11 interconnected by a seam perpendicular to a common shape.

在本例中嵌板2的榫头12短到正好仍足以使嵌板2通过下沉以上述方式连接。 In the present embodiment, the panel 2 short tenon 12 to a level just enough to make the panel 2 is still connected to the above-described manner by sinking. 在下沉后,嵌板2还必须朝嵌板1的方向移动,以达到在图13中所表示的情景。 After sinking, the panel 2 to be moved further towards the panel 1, in order to achieve the situation shown in FIG. 13. 榫头12可以更长些,因为通过斜置和接着旋转,在纵侧原则上可以没有问题地连接。 Tenons 12 may be longer, because by then rotated and inclined, in the longitudinal side of the connection without problems in principle.

第二块嵌板2a斜靠在首先铺好的嵌板1纵边上,以及通过旋转与它按上述方式连接。 A second panel block 2a leans on paved first longitudinal edge of the panel 1, and connected to it by the rotation of the above-described manner.

在图14中表示的嵌板2和2a的窄侧设计为,当其中一块嵌板2a相对于另一块嵌板2恰当地下沉时,使互锁部分14和IO互相啮合。 Panel 14 shown in FIG. 2 and 2a is designed to narrow side, wherein when a panel 2a relative to the other one when the panel 2 appropriately sinking the interlocking portion 14 and IO intermeshing. 在最后提到的两块嵌板2和2a相应地定位时,在嵌板2a下沉后便已经导致互锁,这种互锁使两块嵌板2和2a平行于公共表面9以及垂直于共同的连接缝11互相锁定。 Accordingly, when the positioning of the two last-mentioned panels 2 and 2a, 2a in the sink after the panel has led to interlock, so that two interlocked panels 2 and 2a parallel to and perpendicular to the common surface 9 common connecting seam 11 to lock each other. 接着,最后提到的两块嵌板2和2a彼此移近。 Next, the two last-mentioned panels 2 and 2a move closer to each other. 在这种情况下嵌板2a 的榫头12进入另一块嵌板2的槽3内。 In this case, the panel 2a peg 12 into another one of the grooves 32 of the panel. 于是这两块嵌板2和2a如图14所示也垂直于地板平面互相连接。 So also perpendicular to the plane of the floor panels connected to each other as shown in these two 14 2 and 2a in FIG. 在需要的情况下最后铺好的两块嵌板2和2a 朝已铺好的嵌板1的方向移动,由此也在嵌板1和嵌板2或2a之间完成传统的槽榫头连接。 Direction in case of need the last two panels 2 and paved paved 2a toward the moving panels 1, whereby the panels are completed conventional groove connection between the panels 1 and 2 or 2a. 通过此传统的槽榫头连接,使两块嵌板1与2以及1与2a 垂直于表面9通过形状封闭地互锁。 This conventional groove connection, and that the two panels 1 and 1 2 is closed by interlocking shape perpendicular to the surface 2a 9.

在嵌板2窄侧伸出的唇5同样有前面已说明的带凹槽23的槽6。 2 projecting lip narrow side panel 5 also has the previously described recessed groove 23 6. 凹槽23与向上伸出的互锁部分IO相邻,互锁部分IO处于伸出的唇或侧面5的开口端。 Groove 23 and the interlocking portion projecting upwardly adjacent IO, IO interlocking portion at the opening end side projecting lip or 5. 在两块嵌板2和2a的移近状态,在图14中有圆形横截面的绳状元件22插入通道内,通道由上述槽23和最后提到的嵌板2a处于槽23上面的区域构成。 In the two panels 2 and 2a closer state of inner member 22 inserted into the cord-shaped channel of circular cross-section in FIG. 14, the channel 23 and the groove 2a of the panels in the last-mentioned groove 23 in the upper region constitution. 嵌板2a向下延伸的互锁部分14有助于制成此通道,在图14中表示为剖面的绳状元件22插入所述通道内。 Interlocking panel 2a contributes downwardly extending portion 14 made of the channel, expressed as a cord-shaped cross-sectional member 22 is inserted within the channel 14 in FIG. 它们的尺寸选择为,在绳状元件22与上述通道之间留一间隙。 Their dimensions chosen, leaving a gap between the cord-like member 22 and said passage. 因此绳状元件22的插入特别容易完成。 Thus the insertion cord-shaped member 22 is particularly easy to accomplish.

现在使用在图15a中用侧视图以及在图15b中用前视图表示的工具40。 15a is now in a side view and with tool 40 in the figure represents the front view of 15b. 基体41基本上设计为长方六面体的形状。 Base 41 is designed substantially rectangular hexahedral shape. 通道42穿过长方六面体41。 41 through passage 42 rectangular parallelepiped. 通道42在一个端侧43(在前面的)开始,因为此端侧在工具40使用期间通常不被遮挡。 Channel 42 43 (in front of) the beginning of an end, as this end is usually not blocked during use of the tool 40. 通道42终止在下侧44,确切地说靠近长方六面体41另一个端侧45(在后面的)。 Channel 42 terminates lower side 44, precisely proximate to the other end 41 side of the cuboid 45 (in the back). 通道42有矩形横截面,如图15b中所示。 Channel 42 has a rectangular cross-section, as shown in FIG. 15b. 它优选地例如朝端侧43 的方向扩展,以易于插入绳状元件18。 It is preferably, for example, the direction of extension of end 43, in order to easily insert the cord-like member 18. 矩形横截面较长的一侧45a平行于工具40的侧壁延伸,也就是从下向上延伸。 Long sidewall side of the rectangular cross section 45a extends parallel to the tool 40, i.e. extending upwardly from the bottom. 通道横截面的尺寸与绳状元件18 相匹配,使它不会在通道42内部转动。 The passage cross section of the cord-like member 18 dimension matches, so that it does not rotate inside the channel 42. 因此在图示的实施形式中基于此适配性绳状元件18实际上不可能旋转90。 Thus this adaptation of the cord-like member 18 is practically impossible to form rotated 90 based on the illustrated embodiment. 插入通道42内。 Inserted into the channel 42.

工具40用作铺设嵌板1、 2、 2a的铺设辅助器。 Laying paving panel as tool 40 aids 1, 2, 2a of. 借助于铺设辅助器将绳状元件置入由嵌板1和2构成的接缝11内。 Laying aid by means of the cord-shaped member into the seam panel consisting of 1 and 11 2.

在工具40的下侧44伸出一个榫头46。 At a side of the tool 40 projecting tenon 46 44. 榫头46设在通道42的下方。 Tenon 46 disposed below the channel 42. 榫头46向下(从工具41出发看)收缩,如在图15b中清楚地表示的那样。 Tenon 46 downward (see departing from the tool 41) contracted, as in Figure 15b as clearly shown.

按一种实施形式,榫头46包括一个位于前部的第一区47,它比随后的后部区48窄。 According to one embodiment, the tenon 46 is located in a first region comprising a front portion 47, which is narrower than the rear area 48 of the subsequent. 较窄的区域47,如由图15a可见,优选地较长,例如大约是较厚的区域48长度的两倍,以设计成便于操作。 Narrower region 47, as indicated by 15a can be seen in FIG preferably longer, for example about 48 times the length of the thicker zone to be designed to facilitate the operation. 榫头46的前端49与窄区47相比可进一步缩小,为的是将铺设辅助器的榫头置入接缝11的缝隙内, 缝隙是由于两块嵌板l、 2按上述方式组合留下的。 The distal end 49 of peg 46 as compared with the narrow region 47 can be further reduced, in order to aid the lay tenon joint 11 placed in the gap, the gap is due to the two panels l, 2 combinations of the above-described manner to leave . 榫头46采用向后方的收缩50,更好地保证铺设辅助器41最后能重新从接缝11拔出,尤其不会因此引起嵌板l、 2受损。 46 using the shrinkage tenon 50 rearward, to better ensure the last 41 laying aid can be re-extracted from the seam 11, in particular, will not cause the panels l, 2 damaged.

榫头46的宽度首先向外方向,确切地说尤其向下或向前的尺寸确定为, 使之能插入接缝11的缝隙内,缝隙至少留在两块组合的嵌板1、 2的表面。 First, the width direction of the tenon 46 outwardly, or forwardly downwardly thus in particular dimensioned so that it can be inserted into the slot 11 of the joint, leaving a gap at least in the surface composition of the two panels 1, 2. 若榫头46例如向下方足够地收缩,则榫头46可以从上方通过下沉置入上述缝隙内。 If the tenon 46, for example, shrinkage sufficiently downward, the tenons 46 can be inserted from above the sink through the slit. 若榫头46向前方收缩,则收缩区47、 49可插入缝隙11内并因而将榫头46置于嵌板1、 2之间。 If the tenon 46 contracted forwardly, the constriction 47, 49 may be inserted into the slot 11 and thus the tenon 46 interposed between the panels 1, 2.

榫头46较宽的区域48的尺寸确定为,当榫头46进一步插入嵌板1和2之间并因而4吏此4交宽的区域48恰当地进入嵌板1与2之间时,将两块嵌板l和2彼此压开。 When the size of the tenon 46 the wider region 48 is determined, when the tenon 46 between 1 and 2 is further inserted into the panel 4 and thereby cross-4 officials this wide region 48 properly enter between the panel 1 and 2, the two l and 2 against each other panel open. 通过彼此压开,压缩绳状元件22,它在一开始已置入嵌板 Forced apart by compressing the cord-like member 22, which has been placed at the beginning of the panel

1中以槽的形式存在的凹槽6的槽23内 1 in the form of a groove within the groove of the groove 236

状元件18插入铺设辅助器41的通道42内,确切地说优选地从端侧43那里插入。 Laying-like member 18 is inserted inside the auxiliary passage 42 to 41, specifically from the end face 43 is preferably inserted there. 它们的尺寸确定为,使绳状元件18的宽度与通道42的宽度彼此协调。 Their size is determined so that the width of the cord-shaped member 18 and the channel width of 42 coordinated with each other. 此外,绳状元件18的高度与通道42的高度彼此协调。 In addition, the height of the channel 18 of the cord-shaped member 42 is highly coordinated with each other. 在绳状元件18与通道42之间留下一个间隙,所以绳状元件可通过通道42插入。 Between the cord-shaped member 18 and the passage 42 to leave a gap, so that the cord-like member 42 may be inserted through the channel.

绳状元件18可以基于此间隙穿过工具插入,并在榫头46后面在后端壁45附近重新在下侧44露出。 Cord-like member 18 may be inserted through the tool based on the gap, and after the tenon 46 in the vicinity of the rear end wall 4544 to re-expose the lower side. 大体矩形的橫截面的尺寸选择为,当绳状元件18通过通道42插入或拉入时它不会在通道42内转动。 A generally rectangular cross-section size is chosen, when the cord-like member 18 is pulled in through the channel 42 or it is inserted in the channel 42 does not rotate.

若绳状元件18已穿过工具40插入,则榫头46将收缩区在第一块嵌板1与第二块嵌板2之间插入位于它们之间的缝隙11内。 If the cord-like member 18 is inserted through the tool 40, the tenon 46 is inserted between the shrink zone 2 a first panel and a second panel block 11 located within the gap therebetween. 铺设辅助器40因而尤其处于接缝11的始端,绳状元件应在这里插入该接缝11内。 Laying aid starting end 40 of seam 11 is therefore in particular, should be here rope-like element is inserted into the inner seam 11.

按本发明的一种实施形式,铺设辅助器或工具40设有滚轮51和52, 以便借助这些滚轮51、 52使工具40顺利地沿连接缝11行驶。 According to one embodiment of the present invention, the laying of the auxiliary tool 40, or provided with rollers 51 and 52, so that by means of the rollers 51, 52 of the tool 40 smoothly travel along the connecting seam 11. 要不然工具40在嵌板1和2上面滑动。 Otherwise tool 40 slides 1 and 2 above panel. 在这种情况下存在可能伤害嵌板1和2表面的危险。 There is a risk may injure the surface of the panel 1 and 2 in this case.

若铺设辅助器40沿处于嵌板1和2之间的接缝11行驶或运动以及与此同时榫头46处于接缝11的缝隙内,则嵌板1和2首先被榫头46较宽的区域48彼此压开。 When laying aid 40 is in the direction or movement of the panel with a seam 11 between 1 and 2 and at the same time the inner gap 46 is tenon joint 11, the panels 1 and 2 are first wide area tenon 46 48 forced apart. 在这种情况下一开始已置入槽或凹槽23内的第一个绳状元件22受压缩。 In this case, the next start has been placed within the recess or groove 23 in the first cord-shaped member 22 is compressed. 榫头46较宽的区域48的尺寸确定为,使在铺设辅助器40下侧44伸出的第二个绳状元件18可顺利地压入连接缝11内。 46 tenon size wider region 48 is determined so that the second cord-like member 40 side at the laying aid 44 18 extending smoothly pressed into the connecting seam 11. 它们的尺寸优选地确定为,能在绳状元件18与彼此压开的嵌板1和2之间留下一个小的间隙,以易于在连接缝11中插入绳状元件18。 Their size is preferably determined, you can leave a small gap between the cord-shaped member 18 against each other and the panels 1 and 2 to open, easy to insert the cord-like member 18 in the connecting seam 11. 也就是说,绳状元件18通常/人上方进入连4妻缝11内。 That is, generally above 18 / person cord-shaped member into the slit 11 even 4 wife.

若工具41继续沿接缝11行驶,在铺设辅助器40后面的连接缝11,由于受压缩的第一个绳状元件22造成的压力重新小量闭合。 When the tool 41 continues to travel along the seam 11, 40 at the back of the connecting seam laying aid 11, the pressure due to the compression of the first cord-shaped member 22 due to a small amount of re-closed. 若连接缝11重新小量闭合,则绳状元件18基于恰当规定的尺寸和/或形状,通过形状封闭和/ 或摩擦力封闭,固定在嵌板1与2之间。 If a small amount of re-connecting seam 11 is closed, the cable 18 based on proper predetermined size and / or shape-like member is closed by the shape and / or friction closure, is fixed between the panel 1 and 2.

工具40在后端的端壁45附近按一种有利的实施形式有一滚轮51,它在连接缝上面滚动。 Tool 40 near the rear end by an end wall 45 to an advantageous form of embodiment of a roller 51, which roll above the connecting seam. 由此保证,在嵌板1和2与绳状元件18之间在表面达到光滑过渡。 This ensures that the panel 1 and to achieve a smooth transition between the surface 182 and the cord-like member. 在图15a和15b中没有表示这种情况。 In FIGS. 15a and 15b do not indicate this fact.

按一种实施形式,铺设辅助器40 —直行驶到达到第一条横向接缝60, 如图16所示,图16表示嵌板1、 2、 2a的俯视图。 According to one embodiment, the laying aid 40 - Direct travel to reach the first transverse seam 60, shown in FIG. 16, FIG. 16 shows a top view of the panel of FIG. 1, 2, 2a of. 因此在铺设辅助器40后面已经将一个绳状元件18置入接缝11内。 Thus it has a cord-like member 18 into a seam 11 in the rear 40 laying aid.

在图19的剖面图中表示的偏心元件70,侧面平行于在第二块嵌板2与第三块嵌板2a之间的横缝60推移。 Eccentric element shown in the sectional view of FIG. 70 FIG. 19, the passage side surface parallel to the transverse joints 60 between the second and third blocks 2 of panels 2a of the panel. 为此,在嵌板2和/或在嵌板2a上设一缝隙或优选地通道状凹槽71(如图17所示),偏心的细长元件70可插入其中。 For this purpose, the panels 2 and / or slits provided a channel-like or groove 71 is preferably (shown in FIG. 17) on the panel 2a, the eccentric elongated member 70 can be inserted therein. 偏心元件70如此插入,即,使偏心元件(偏心器)的较窄侧与两块嵌板2和2a相邻。 Eccentric member 70 is inserted so that the eccentric element (eccentric) and two narrower side adjacent panels 2 and 2a. 它们的尺寸应确定为使之能顺利地插入。 Their size is determined so that it can be inserted smoothly. 按一种实施形式,为有助于插入可在偏心元件70与两块嵌板2和2a之间留下一个间隙。 According to one embodiment, to facilitate the insertion of the eccentric member 70 may be between the two panels 2 and 2a with a gap left.

若偏心元件70已推移在两块嵌板之间,则借助一根在图19中表示的杠杆73将此偏心元件70约旋转90° ,如图17中用箭头72表示的那样。 If the eccentric element 70 has the passage between the two panels, is represented by means of a lever 1973 in FIG. 70 of this eccentric element rotating about 90 °, 17 as shown by arrow 72 indicated. 由此扩展了图16中表示的缝隙60,缝隙在表面处于第二块嵌板2与第三块嵌板2a之间的横侧上。 Thereby expanding the slit 60 shown in FIG. 16, the slot is on the lateral side surface between the second and third blocks 2 of panels panel 2a. 旋转90°后的结果是压缩了绳状元件22,它事先插入横缝60内部为此所设的通道内。 The result is a rotation of 90 ° cord-like member 22 is compressed, it is previously inserted into the interior of the transverse joint 60 is provided for this channel. 在图18中表示了偏心元件旋转了90°的位置。 It represents the position of the eccentric element is rotated 90 ° in FIG. 18.

偏心元件70可以在杠杆70的端部弯曲,使此弯曲端74能置入两块嵌板2或2a之一的侧向槽内。 Eccentric member 70 may be bent end portion of the lever 70, so that this curved lateral groove 2 2a or one of the two end panels 74 can be placed. 从而保持此偏心元件70旋转90。 This holding member 70 so that rotation of the eccentric 90. 的位置。 s position. 要不然应当用其他方式保证将偏心元件70保持在旋转后的位置。 Otherwise we shall guarantee the eccentric element 70 is held in a rotated position other ways.

为易于将偏心元件70导入为此所设的通道71或足够宽的缝隙内,它优选地有一个收缩75。 For ease of inner eccentric element 70 introduced into the slot provided for this purpose, or a sufficiently wide passage 71, which preferably has a shrinkage of 75. 此收缩区首先导入为此所设的通道71或为此所设的足够宽的缝隙内。 This constriction is first introduced for this purpose provided within the channel 71, or a sufficiently wide gap is provided for this purpose.

另一个优选地有大体矩形或细长的横截面的绳状元件18,可以从上面压入缝隙内,缝隙处于第二块嵌板2与第三块嵌板2a之间的横侧60上。 Further preferably has a generally rectangular or cord-shaped member elongated cross-section 18, can be pressed from above into the slot, the slot is on the lateral side 60 of panels 2 between the second and third blocks panel 2a. 可以替换地从这一侧出发插入,尤其是因为在这一位置这些尺寸确定为,使绳状元件18有间隙地处于接缝内,如图18中表示的那样。 Starting from this side may alternatively be inserted, particularly since this position is determined as these dimensions, so that the cord-like member 18 with a gap in the seam 18 as shown in FIG.

横侧60,当嵌板l、 2、 2a有矩形表面时,尤其涉及一个窄侧。 Lateral side 60, when the panels l, 2, 2a has a rectangular surface, particularly to a narrow side. 接着,偏心器70重新转回原始位置。 Subsequently, the eccentric 70 back to the original position again. 横侧60处的槽略为闭合以及同时使原先受压缩的绳状元件22松弛。 Groove 60 at the lateral side 22 is slightly closed, and while the slack rope-like member is previously compressed. 具有优选地矩形横截面的绳状元件18现在在第二块嵌板2与第三块嵌板2a之间处于固定状态。 Having a preferably rectangular cross-section cord-like member 18 now between the second and third blocks 2 of panels panel 2a in a fixed state. 这种固定可通过形状封闭和/或摩擦力封闭达到。 This fixing can be closed and / or closing achieved by frictional shape. 按图17,所述固定尤其基于形状封闭,但也基于力封闭达到,因为具有优选地长形横截面的绳状元件18轻度受压地处于接缝内。 In Figure 17, based on the particular shape of the closed fixed, but based on the force reaches a closed, preferably as having an elongate cross-section of the cord-like member 18 is lightly pressed to the seam. 偏心器70然后从通道71或相应的缝隙拔出。 Eccentrics 70 and withdrawn from the channel 71 or the corresponding slit. 铺设辅助器40继续行驶, 直至到达下一个横缝。 Laying aid 40 continue driving until reaching the next contraction joints. 以此方式在接缝ll、 60(或缝隙)内加入绳状元件18, 它们可从上面看到,直至嵌板l、 2、 2a在边缘完全用绳状或杆状元件18围绕。 In this way the seam ll, 60 (or slit) Neijiarusheng elements 18, which can be seen from the above, until the panels l, 2, 2a completely with rope or rod-like element 18 around the edges.

业已证实,借助本发明可以大面积地铺设嵌板,无需在地板铺面内设分隔缝。 It has been shown by the present invention, a large area can be laid panels, floor coverings without dividing seam site.

按一项设计,铺设辅助器40侧面有一凹槽。 According to a design, the side surface 40 has a recess laying aid. 在铺设过程中铺设辅助器40按这样的方式行驶,即将凹槽与接缝对齐,此接缝源于一个横侧60,尤其一个窄侧。 Laying aid during laying with 40 in such a manner, i.e. the groove is aligned with the joint, this joint from a lateral side 60, in particular a narrow side. 此凹槽用于将绳状或杆状元件从横侧60那里能顺利地置入, 直至它完全达到借助铺设辅助器已置于接缝11内的绳状或杆状元件18上。 This groove for the string-like or rod-like element can be smoothly inserted from the lateral side 60 there, until it reaches completely by laying aid has been placed on the rod-like or string-like member 18 in the joint 11.

按本发明的另一项设计,在铺设辅助器下面的榫头46设计为,它沿其全长向下方收缩,使榫头能从上面置入接缝内。 According to another embodiment of the invention, in laying aid 46 is designed as a tenon below it along its entire length contracted downward, from above to make the tenon into the seam. 在墙壁限制从侧面进入接缝时,这一设计是特别有利的。 When entering from the side wall to limit the seams, this design is particularly advantageous.

按本发明的一项设计,在与嵌板l、 2、 2a的上侧9相邻的接缝11内有向下方向的收缩或台阶状缩窄76。 According to an embodiment of the invention, the L and the panel, the upper side 2, 2a adjacent the seam 11 9 shrinkage or stepped narrowing 76 in the downward direction. 具有位于其下方的榫头46的工具40因而与此有缩窄76的接缝彼此协调为,使两块嵌板1和2的彼此压开,只能基于在下部区内,亦即在缩窄76或收缩区内所施加的压力达到。 Having a tool 46 located below the tenon 40 thus seamed with this constriction 76 is coordinated with each other, so that two panels 1 and 2 are forced apart, and only on the lower part of the area, i.e. the narrowing 76 or pressure applied to achieve shrinkage zone.

甚至在已置入的尤其有圓形横截面的绳状或杆状元件22被压缩或已杠、 弛的状态,铺设辅助器40的榫头46仍具有间隙地处于连接缝11的内部, 这一般地涉及上部区,亦即缩窄76的上方。 Even in the placed particularly circular cross-section rope or rod-like member or bar 22 are compressed, the state of relaxation, laying aids tenon 46 40 still has a gap in the interior of the connecting seam 11, which is generally , to the upper region, i.e. above the constriction 76. 由此达到嵌板1和2的上边缘不受机械负荷,确切地说尤其在铺设辅助器40从连接缝11拔出时。 Thereby achieving the upper edge of panels 1 and 2 against mechanical load, to be precise in particular in the laying of the auxiliary slit 40 is pulled out from the connector 11. 要不然嵌板1和2的上边缘可能不希望地受损并因而破坏外观。 Otherwise the upper edge of the panel 1 and 2 may be undesirably damaged and thus damage the appearance.

按本发明的另一项设计,在两块嵌板1和2之间的接缝11内部有一个凹槽77,确切地说凹槽尤其处于上述收缩或台阶状缩窄76的上面。 According to another embodiment of the invention, it has a recess 77 in the interior of the joint 11 between the two panels 1 and 2, to be precise in particular in a groove in the contracting or stepped narrowing 76 above. 若绳状元件18已置入连接缝11内,则它充满凹槽77,而且尤其是基于在绳状或杆状元件18上侧向伸出的凸起78。 If the cord-shaped member 18 is placed within the connecting seam 11, it is full of the recess 77, and in particular based on the laterally projecting rod-like or rope-like element 18 of projection 78. 由此导致绳状或杆状元件18在接缝11内更好地固定,确切地说这是由于如此达到的形状封闭。 Thereby resulting in the rod-like or rope-like elements 18 secured in a better seam 11, which is due precisely to achieve such a closed shape. 因此,绳状或杆状元件18特别可靠地坐落在两块嵌板1和2之间。 Thus, string-like or rod-like member 18 is reliably located in particular between the two panels 1 and 2.

按本发明的一项设计,铺设辅助器40在上侧或端侧有一个比较宽的滚轮80,它尤其比滚轮51和52宽。 According to an embodiment of the invention, the laying aid 40 in the upper end side or a relatively wide wheel 80, in particular its width than the rollers 51 and 52. 也就是说,它明显地宽于在下侧的滚轮。 That is, it is significantly wider than the lower side of the roller. 在上侧或端侧的滚轮80用于最后再一次地在连接缝11、 60上滚动。 The upper or end side roller 80 again for the last time at the connecting seam 11, 60 roll on. 如果绳 If the rope

状或杆状元件18不希望地从接缝11、 60有小量伸出,则可以修正。 Shaped or rod-shaped element 18 from undesirably seam 11, 60 extending a small amount, it can be corrected. 在铺设辅助器40上用于在绳状元件18上施加压力,使之恰当地置入连接缝ll、 60 内的滚轮52和80,优选地用一种硬质材料制造,特别适用的是金属。 In laying aids 40 for applying pressure on the cord-like member 18, so that the connecting seam is properly placed ll, 52 and 60 within the roller 80, preferably manufactured in a rigid material, particularly suitable is a metal .

铺设辅助器40底部的滚轮51、 52优选地伸出这么远,即,使铺设辅助器的底部与嵌板1、 2之间的距离很小。 40 laying bottom auxiliary wheel 51, 52 preferably extends so far, i.e., so that the laying aid and the bottom panel 1, the distance between the two is small. 按一种实施形式此距离可例如仅几个十分之一毫米,例如2/10mm。 According to one embodiment of this distance may be, for example, only a few tenths of millimeters, for example 2 / 10mm. 在这种情况下有利的是,仅用于导引的铺设辅助器40的前部滚轮51也用一种硬质材料制造。 Advantageously in this case is used only for guiding the front portion of the laying of the auxiliary roller 5140 is also producing a rigid material. 这种材料无论如何应有低的可压缩性,从而保持在铺设辅助器40的底部与嵌板1、2表面9之间1/10 至2/1 Omm的间3巨。 This material should have a low compressibility in any case, to maintain between 1/10 to 2/1 Omm 9 laid between the bottom surface of the auxiliary panel 1, 2, 3, 40 Giant.

图20表示按本发明的另一种实施形式,其中嵌板2和2a至少一侧通过下沉可互相连接。 20 shows a further embodiment according to the present invention, wherein at least one side panel 2 and 2a can be connected to each other by sinking. 对此可理解为,嵌板2a可平行于已铺设好的嵌板2固定以及为了连接可以下沉。 This is understood, it may be parallel to panel 2a has been paved and secured to the panel 2 may be connected to sink. 在下沉期间可保持平行的位置。 During the sinking may be maintained in parallel position. 若嵌板2a已下沉到处于与嵌板2相同的平面内,则向下伸出的凸起14便处于向上开口的凹槽6内。 When panel 2a has sunk into the projection 14 will be in an upwardly open recess 6 in the same plane as the panel 2, the downwardly projecting. 因此嵌板2和2a通过形状封闭平行于表面9和垂直于接缝互锁。 Thus panels 2 and 2a is closed by the shape of the seam parallel to the surface 9 and a vertical interlocking. 在下部伸出的唇5端部向上定向的互锁部分略向外弯出,这有利地尤其可通过一个斜面90,斜面90有利地处于互锁部分的下面。 In the interlocking portion directed lip 5 of the lower end of the outwardly projecting slightly upwardly bent off, which advantageously can be in particular 90, the inclined surface 90 is advantageously in the following interlocking portion by a slope.

起先在嵌板2、 2a的表面9留下一个例如2.5mm的缝隙。 At first, for example, leaving a gap of 2.5mm in the panel 2, the surface 9 2a. 若现在要将一个例如2.2mm宽的绳状元件置入此缝隙内,则因为存在此缝隙因而可以顺利地完成。 If now, for example, 2.2mm wide To a cord-shaped member placed within this gap, since the gap exists it is possible to successfully complete. 在将绳状元件置入后,嵌板2朝嵌板2的方向约移动0.5mm, 因此在这里较短的榫头12进入槽3内并获得垂直于表面9的互锁。 After the cord-shaped member into, the panel 2 is moved in the direction of the panel 2 about 0.5mm, so here shorter peg 12 into the inner tank 3 and get perpendicular to the surface 9 of the interlock. 这种几个十分之一毫米的移动运动利用来将绳状元件压紧在设在表面9上的连接缝之间。 Such movement of a few tenths of millimeters to use the motion compressed between the cord-shaped member provided on the surface 9 of the connecting seam.

按图20的连接部分可以用在所有的侧面。 Press connection portion of FIG. 20 may be used on all sides. 因为沿垂直方向的互锁比较弱,应优选的是,包括一个比较短的伸入槽3中的榫头12的连接部分仅使用在^f黄侧60上。 Because interlocking in the vertical direction is relatively weak, to be preferred that the tenon 3 comprises a relatively short in the connecting portion 12 extends into the groove is used only on the yellow side 60 ^ f.

图21表示本发明的一种实施形式,当只有一个绳状或杆状元件18从上侧9那里置入两块嵌板1和2之间时,这种实施形式应是优选的。 FIG 21 shows an embodiment of the present invention, between 1 and 2 when only one rope or rod-like member 18 from the upper side into two panels 9, where, should such an embodiment is preferred. 若绳状元件没有按图示的方式置入两块嵌板1和2之间,则两块嵌板优选地以这样的方式互锁,即,留有一个小的间隙。 Between 1 and 2 when no cord-shaped member into two panels in the manner illustrated, the two panels are preferably interlocked in such a manner, i.e., leaving a small gap.

在图21中表示的嵌板1和2设计为,在上侧的接缝11处留一缝隙。 Panel shown in FIG. 21. 1 and 2 designed to leave a gap at the seam 11 on the upper side. 此缝隙优选地比绳状或杆状元件18略窄(几个十分之一毫米)。 This gap is preferably slightly narrower (few tenths of a millimeter) than the rod-like or string-like member 18. 若绳状或杆状元件/人上面压入缝隙内,则它小量压缩地进入i逢隙内。 If the string-like or rod-like member / person above the pressure within the gap, it is then compressed into a small amount of the gap every i. 由此《呆i正上侧防水地封闭。 Whereby "stay on the positive side waterproof i closed. 因而避免了水分的问题。 Thus avoiding the problem of water.

在图21中表示的缝隙在图示的实施形式中一直延伸到榫头12的上侧。 Slits shown in FIG. 21 extends to the upper side of the tenon 12 in the embodiment illustrated. 考虑到加工的原因这是恰当的,不过对于实施本发明而言并不是必要的。 For reasons of processing which is appropriate, but for purposes of embodiments of the present invention is not essential.

为保证准确而可靠地将绳状或杆状元件18安置在嵌板1与2之间,通 To ensure accurate and reliable manner the rod-like or string-like member 18 is disposed between the panels 1 and 2, through

过形状封闭将它保持在期望的位置。 It will remain closed over a shape in a desired position. 在本例中,在缝隙内部有至少一个,优 In the present embodiment, there are at least one internal slit, preferably

选地两个伸出的凸起95,它们侧向与各自的嵌板连接。 Optionally two projections 95 projecting, they are connected to the respective side panel. 这些伸出的凸起不仅用于上述形状封闭,而且同时构成在槽内部的缩窄。 These projections projecting not only to the above-described shape of the closed, and simultaneously forms the narrow grooves inside. 槽的缩窄是有利的,以便能借助工具(铺设辅助器)将两块嵌板按已说明的方式彼此压开,与此同时不会损伤表面9上的棱边。 Narrowing the groove is advantageous in order to be able by means of the tool (laying aid) the two panels in the manner already described forced apart, at the same time does not damage the surface 9 on the edge side.

可以使用于图21所示的嵌板1和2中的绳状或杆状元件18用剖面图表示在图22和23中。 May be used as shown in Figure 21 panel 1 and the rod-like or string-like member 2 18 represents a sectional view in FIG. 22 and 23. 它在侧面有至少一个,优选地两个凹槽96。 It has at least one, preferably two recesses 96 in the side. 凹槽96与伸出的凸起95配合作用,由此实现期望的形状封闭。 Projections extending recesses 95 and 96 cooperates, thereby achieving a desired closed shape.

在绳状或杆状元件18下侧优选地有一槽97。 97 has a slot 18 in the side of the rod-like or rope-like element is preferably. 由此,绳状或杆状元件18 有两个臂,它们可被小量而足够地压缩。 Thus, string-like or rod-like member has two arms 18, which may be small enough to be compressed. 因而绳状或杆状元件18可以特别简单地压入接缝11中所设的缝隙内。 Thus the rod-like or rope-like element 18 can be particularly simply pressed into the slot 11 provided in the joint.

绳状或杆状元件18在下侧喇叭状收缩。 Rope or rod-like element 18 of the lower trumpet-shaped contraction. 通过相应地倾斜延伸的表面区98,保证绳状或杆状元件18能容易地置入缝隙内。 By correspondingly inclined surface region 98 extends, the rod-like or string-like member to ensure 18 can be easily inserted within the gap.

图22中表示的绳状或杆状元件18优选地用一种比较硬的但仍有足够弹性的材料制成,例如用一种硬的PVC材料制造。 FIG rope or rod-like member 22 18 is preferably represented by a relatively stiff but still sufficiently elastic material made of, for example, producing a hard PVC material.

图23中表示的实施形式应是优选的。 FIG 23 shows a form of embodiment should be preferred. 在这里,绳状或杆状元件18的上部区99用一种比较软的弹性材料例如软的PVC材料制成,而下部区100用比较硬的材料如硬PVC制造。 Here, string-like or rod-like member 99 with an upper region 18 of a relatively soft resilient material, for example soft PVC material, and the lower region 100 is a relatively hard material such as hard PVC manufacturing. 软硬的材料制的区域保证特别完美地按规定使绳状或杆状元件可靠地坐落在两块嵌板1与2之间。 Region of the hard and soft material to ensure that the predetermined particular perfect rope or rod-like member is reliably located between two panels 1 and 2. 由此较软的区域99 构成的部分,保证绳状或杆状元件18在这里也能被压缩。 Thus constituting part of softer region 99, to ensure that the rod-like or rope-like element 18 can also be compressed here. 由此保证绳状或杆状元件18可以完全进入在两块嵌板1和2之间的缝隙中,即便在缝隙略窄的情况下。 This ensures that the string-like or rod-like member 18 can fully enter the gap between the two panels 1 and 2, even in the case where a gap somewhat narrower. 上部区99有利地略受压地坐落在两块嵌板之间,以防水分、 灰尘等侵入。 The upper zone 99 is advantageously located slightly pressed between two panels, to prevent water, dust and the like from entering.

Claims (80)

  1. ` `
  2. 1. 一种用于形成铺面的构件组,其包括一些嵌板,这些嵌板不用胶水互锁,其中,在最终铺设好的状态,在这些嵌板之间的接缝处有一凹槽,以及在最终铺设好的状态有一绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)处于该凹槽内,其特征在于:所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32) 包括一丝线,该丝线与可压缩的材料连接。 1. A method for forming a pavement member group, which comprises a number of panels, these panels without glue interlock, wherein, in the final state paved, there is a groove at the joint between these panels, and in the final state has a paved rope or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) is within the recess, wherein: said cord-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) comprises a thread, which wires connected with the compressible material.
  3. 2. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述丝线被可压缩的材料包覆。 2. The group member according to claim 1, wherein said wire is coated with a compressible material.
  4. 3. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,它的嵌板具有如此构型的连接部分(3、 12、 6、 14),即,使得两块嵌板(l、 2、 2a)既能垂直于共同的接缝(11)且与此同时平行于表面(9)地形状封闭地连接,又能垂直于公共的表面(9)地形状封闭地连接。 3. A pack according to claim 1 member, its panel having such configuration, connecting portion (3, 12, 6, 14), i.e., so that the two panels (l, 2, 2a) perpendicular to both to a common seam (11) and at the same time parallel to the surface (9) connected to the shape of the closed, but perpendicular to the common surface (9) is connected form-closed manner.
  5. 4. 按照权利要求1或3所述的构件组,其中,当所述嵌板(l、 2、 2a)互相连接时,所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)的宽度比凹槽的宽度大。 4. A member of the group 1 or claim 3, wherein, when the panel (l, 2, 2a) are connected to each other, the string-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) than the width width of the groove is large. ' '
  6. 5. 按照杈利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)用一种可压缩的材料制成。 5. The bifurcation member group according to claims 1, wherein said string-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) with a compressible material.
  7. 6. 按照权利要求5所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)用聚四氟乙烯、硅酮或橡胶制成。 6. The member as claimed in claim 5 group, wherein said rod-like or rope-like elements (18, 22, 32) is made of polytetrafluoroethylene, or silicone rubber.
  8. 7. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述嵌板(l、 2、 2a) 完全或基本上用陶瓷、石料、塑料、木材和/或用木材制品制成。 7. The member as claimed in claim 1, said group, wherein the panel (l, 2, 2a) or substantially entirely of ceramic, stone, plastic, wood and / or wood product is made.
  9. 8. 按照权利要求3所述的构件组,其中,所述连接部分(3、 12、 6、 14、 36、 37)完全或基本上用陶瓷、石料、塑料、木材和/或用木材制品制成。 8. The member of the group of claim 3, wherein the connecting portion (3, 12, 6, 14, 36, 37) substantially or entirely of ceramic, stone, plastic, wood and / or wood products made to make.
  10. 9. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,至少一块嵌板(l、 2、 2a)有一块用木材制品制成的支承板。 9. The member as claimed in claim 1, said group, wherein the at least one panel (l, 2, 2a) with a support plate made of wood products.
  11. 10. 按照权利要求9所述的构件组,其中,所述木材制品是HDF 或MDF。 10. A member according to claim 9, said group, wherein said article is a timber HDF or MDF.
  12. 11. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,在所述表面加装饰纸` 或加装饰品。 11. A member according to claim 1, said group, wherein, in said surface plus any decoration or decoration paper '.
  13. 12. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,至少一块嵌板(l、 2、 2a)具有一支承板,该支承板由多层互相压合的纸构成。 12. The group members according to claim 1, wherein the at least one panel (l, 2, 2a) having a support plate, the support plate is a multilayer sheet each nip configuration.
  14. 13. 按照权利要求12所述的构件组,其中,所述压合的纸加有氨基树脂。 13. A member according to claim 12 group, wherein the paper nip added an amino resin.
  15. 14. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,加装一与嵌板(l、 2、 2a)分开的绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32),所述元件(18、 22、 32)通过压配合和/或形状封闭和/或通过力封闭固定在凹槽(23、 u、 60)内。 14. The group members according to claim 1, wherein, with the installation of a panel (l, 2, 2a) separated from the rope or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32), said element (18, 22 , 32) is closed by press-fitting and / or shape and / or secured by force-closure in the recess (23, u, 60).
  16. 15. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组具有一间隙,该间隙是在两块嵌板(l、 2、 2a)互相连接时至少在这两块嵌板(1、 2、 2a)之间没有绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)的情况下产生的。 15. A member according to claim 1, having a said group a gap that is not at least between the two panels (1, 2, 2a) when the two panels (l, 2, 2a) are connected to each other occurs when a string-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32).
  17. 16. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组具有连接部分的垂直或沉割的接触面(8、 16、 33、 34、 35),所述连接部分实现所述平行于表面(9) 以及垂直于连接缝(11)的连接或垂直于表面(9)的连接。 16. A member according to claim 1, said group having a vertical or undercut sink connection portion of the contact surface (8, 16, 33, 34, 35), the connecting portion parallel to the surface of the implement (9) and perpendicular to the connecting seam (11) is connected or attached to the surface perpendicular (9).
  18. 17. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组有一个作为连接部分的槽(3), 该槽有一刚性或弹性的下侧边缘(5)。 The side edge of the lower member 17. The pack according to claim 1 having a groove as a connecting portion (3), the groove having a rigid or elastic (5).
  19. 18. 按照权利要求17所述的构件组,其中,所述下侧边缘(5)相对于该槽(3)的上侧边缘(4)伸出。 18. The member of the group of claim 17, wherein the lower edge (5) with respect to the upper edge (4) of the groove (3) extends.
  20. 19. 按照权利要求l所述的构件组有一个可以从嵌板的上侧进入的凹槽,该凹槽在两块嵌板的连接状态在接缝(ll、 60)处产生,并且该凹槽在自身内部有一个缩窄或收缩(76、 95)。 19. A member according to claim l according to a set of accessible from the side of the panel a groove produced at the joint (ll, 60) at the connection state of two panels, and the recess a groove in its own internal shrinkage or constriction (76, 95).
  21. 20. 按照权利要求19所述的构件组,其中,所述缩窄或收缩(76、 95)是台阶形的。 20. The group members according to claim 19, wherein the contraction or constriction (76, 95) is stepped.
  22. 21. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组有一个可以从嵌板的上侧进入的凹槽,该凹槽在两块嵌板的连接状态在接缝(ll、 60)处产生,并且该凹槽在自身内部有一个扩展(77)。 21. A member according to claim 1, the group has access to a panel from the upper side a groove produced at the joint (ll, 60) at the connection state of two panels, and the recess a groove in its own internal extension (77).
  23. 22. 按照权利要求21所述的构件组,其中,所述扩展(77)处于缩窄或收缩(76、 95)的上面或下面。 22. The group members according to claim 21, wherein the extension (77) is narrowed or contracted (76, 95) above or below.
  24. 23. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件在嵌板(l、 2、 2a)的表面被压入或装入所述凹槽(11、 60)内。 23. A member according to claim 1, said group, wherein said rod-like or rope-like element is pressed into the surface of the panel (l, 2, 2a) or into said recess (11, 60) .
  25. 24. 按照权利要求3所述的构件组,其中,所述连接部分(3、 12、 6、 14)以这样的方式设计,即,使嵌板只能通过绕公共连接缝(ll)的旋转运动才能相互连接。 The rotary member 24. The pack according to claim 3, wherein said connecting portion (3, 12, 6, 14) designed in such a way that the panel can only around a common connecting seam (LL) of movement in order to connect with each other.
  26. 25. 按照权利要求24所述的构件组,其中,所述连接部分(3、 12、 6、 14)以这样的方式制在嵌板(1、 2、 2a)的纵侧,即,使嵌板只能通过绕^^共连接缝(11 )的旋转运动才一能相互连接。 25. The member of the group of claim 24, wherein the connecting portion (3, 12, 6, 14) is made in such a way that the panel (1, 2, 2a) of the longitudinal side, i.e. the inlay about only through co ^^ plate connecting seam (11) is only a rotational movement can be connected to each other.
  27. 26. 按照权利要求3所述的构件组,其中,所述连接部分(3、 12、 6、 14)以这样的方式设计,即,使嵌板通过在一个平面内移动和/或通过一块嵌板(2a)相对于第二块嵌板(2)的表面(9)垂直下沉而相互连接。 26. The member of the group to claim 3, wherein the connecting portion (3, 12, 6, 14) designed in such a way that the panel by moving and / or by an embedded within a plane plate (2a) with respect to the panel surface of the second block (2) (9) connected to each vertical subsidence.
  28. 27. 按照权利要求26所述的构件组,其中,所述连接部分(3、 12、 6、 14)以这样的方式制在嵌板(1、 2、 2a)的窄侧,即,使嵌板通过在一个平面内移动和/或通过一块嵌板(2a)相对于第二块嵌板(2)的表面(9)垂直下沉而相互连接。 27. The member of the group of claim 26, wherein the connecting portion (3, 12, 6, 14) is made in such a way that the panel (1, 2, 2a) of the narrow sides, i.e. the inlay plate by moving in one plane and / or with respect to the surface of the second panel block (2) (9) through a panel (2a) are connected to each vertical subsidence.
  29. 28. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)的宽度至少为0.5mm。 28. A member according to claim 1, said group, wherein the width of the string-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) is at least 0.5mm.
  30. 29. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件的宽度最小为2mm和/或最大为10mm。 29. The width of the group members according to claim 1, wherein said rod-like or rope-like element is a minimum of 2mm and / or a maximum of 10mm.
  31. 30. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件的宽度为5mm。 30. The group members according to claim 1, wherein the width of the rod-like or rope-like element is 5mm.
  32. 31. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)处于两个接触面(8、 16)之间,这两个4姿触面造成平"f亍于所述公共表面(9)以及垂直于所述公共连接缝(11 )的互锁。 31. A member according to claim 1, said group, wherein said string-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) between the two contact surfaces (8, 16) in which two contact surfaces resulting pose 4 Ping "f right foot to the common surface (9) and perpendicular to the common connection of interlocking joints (11).
  33. 32. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)处于一槽(23)内并从该槽(23)中部分伸出。 32. The group members according to claim 1, wherein said string-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) and in the portion extending from the groove (23) in a groove (23).
  34. 33. 按照权利要求32所述的构件组,其中,所述槽(23)毗邻一接触面(8;),该接触面用于两块嵌板的连接。 33. A member according to claim 32, said group, wherein said groove (23) adjacent a contact surface (8;), a contact surface for connecting the two panels.
  35. 34. 按照权利要求33所述的构件组,其中,所述接触面(8)用于供两块嵌板平行于公共表面(9)地连接。 34. A member according to claim 33 said group, wherein the contact surface (8) for supplying two panels parallel to the common surface (9) is connected.
  36. 35. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,该绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)有矩形或扁长的横截面。 35. The group members according to claim 1, wherein the cord-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) has a rectangular cross-section or oblong.
  37. 36. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)设计为侧面钩状。 36. The group members according to claim 1, wherein the rope-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) is designed as a hook-side surface.
  38. 37. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18)有十字形的横截面。 37. The group members according to claim 1, wherein said rod-like or rope-like element (18) has a cross-shaped cross-section.
  39. 38. 按照权利要求37所述的构件组,其中,所述十字形的横截面扁长地构成。 38. A member according to claim 37 said group, wherein the cruciform cross section of a prolate configured.
  40. 39. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18)有十字形的、朝一侧方向收缩的横截面。 39. A member according to claim 1, said group, wherein said string-like or rod-like element (18) has a cross-shaped contraction in the direction of a side cross-section.
  41. 40. 按照权利要求39所述的构件组,其中,所述十字形的横截面扁长i也构成。 40. The member set according to claim 39, wherein the cruciform cross-sectional configuration is also prolate i.
  42. 41. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,该丝线用一种无弹性的材料制成。 41. The group members according to claim 1, wherein the wire made of a single inelastic material.
  43. 42. 按照权利要求41所述的构件组,其中,该无弹性的材料由一种玻璃纤维材料制成。 42. The group members according to claim 41 wherein the inelastic material is made of a fiberglass material.
  44. 43. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,该绳状或杆状元件(18) 有一个用比较软的材料制的上部区(99)和一个用比较硬的材料制的下部区(100)。 43. A member according to claim 1 of the group, wherein the rod-like or rope-like element (18) has an upper region with a relatively soft material (99) and a relatively rigid material in the lower region ( 100).
  45. 44. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,该绳状或杆状元件(18) 向下方有两个臂,这两个臂通过一槽(97)彼此分开。 44. A member according to claim 1 of the group, wherein the rod-like or rope-like element (18) has two arms downward, the two arms separated from each other by a groove (97).
  46. 45. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,该绳状或杆状元件(18) 向下方有一个收缩(98)。 45. A member according to claim 1 of the group, wherein the rod-like or rope-like element (18) has a downward contraction (98).
  47. 46. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)早期硫化在一块嵌板上,以及,当第一和第二块嵌板互相连接时,该绳状或杆状元件与第二块嵌板接触。 46. ​​A member according to claim 1, said group, wherein said string-like or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) on a panel early curing, and when the first and second panels connected to each other block when the cord-like or rod-like member in contact with the second panel block.
  48. 47. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,所述嵌板(l、 2、 2a) 为6至15mm厚和/或100至2000mm长和/或100至2000mm宽。 47. The group members according to claim 1, wherein the panel (l, 2, 2a) of 6 to 15mm thick and / or 100 to 2000mm long and / or 100 to 2000mm wide.
  49. 48. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中,两块有矩形表面的嵌板(l、 2、 2a)的窄侧或横侧(60)包围着所述可插入的绳状或杆状元件。 48. The group members according to claim 1, wherein there are two insertable surrounding said rope or rod-like rectangular surface of the panel (l, 2, 2a) of the narrow side or the lateral side (60) pieces.
  50. 49. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,其中, 一可从公共的表面(9) 上看到的绳状或杆状元件(18)装入一凹槽(11)内,该凹槽(11)在表面(9)的下方有一个扩展(19、 20、 77)。 49. The group members according to claim 1, wherein a can be seen from the common surface (9) rope or rod-like element (18) into (11) a recess, the recess ( 11) below the surface (9) has an extension (19, 20, 77).
  51. 50. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,有设在两块互相连接的嵌板(1、 2、 2a)之间的至少两个绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)。 At least two rod-like or rope-like elements (18, 22, 32) according to claim 50. A member of the group 1, there is provided between the panels (1, 2, 2a) of two interconnected.
  52. 51. 按照权利要求50所述的构件组,其中,从表面(9)上看处于较深处的绳状或杆状元件(22)的制造材料与处于较高处的绳状或杆状元件(18)的制造材料相比有更大的复位力。 51. A member according to claim 50, said group, wherein the surface (9) viewed in the material producing the deeper rope or rod-like member (22) with a rod-like or string-like member is at a higher (18) a material for producing a greater restoring force compared.
  53. 52. 按照权利要求51所述的构件组,其中,从表面(9)上看处于较深处的绳状或杆状元件(22)的直径或横截面与处于较高处的绳状或杆状元件(18)相比更小。 52. The member set according to claim 51, wherein, in a relatively deep rope or rod-like member (22) has a diameter or cross-sectional shape of the cord is higher at the surface (9) or rods viewed like element (18) is smaller in comparison.
  54. 53. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,它包括一铺设辅助器,借助该铺设辅助器将所述绳状或杆状元件(18、 22、 32)装在两块嵌板(1、 2、 2a)之间。 53. A member according to claim 1 of the group, which comprises a laying aid, by means of which the laying aid rope or rod-like elements (18, 22, 32) mounted on two panels (1, 2 between, 2a).
  55. 54. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 包括一个通道(42),该通道穿过所述铺设辅助器(40)。 54. The member set according to claim 53, wherein the laying aid (40) comprises a passage (42), the passage through the laying aid (40).
  56. 55. 按照权利要求54所述的构件组,其中,所述通道(42)有一个细长的4黄截面。 55. The member set according to claim 54, wherein said passage (42) has an elongated cross-section 4 yellow.
  57. 56. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 有一个通道(42),该通道A/v—个端壁(43)向所述构件的下侧(44)延伸。 56. A member according to claim 53 of the set, wherein the laying aid (40) has a passage (42), the channel A / v- two end walls (43) toward the lower member (44) extend.
  58. 57. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 在下侧(44)有一伸出的榫头(46)。 57. A member according to claim 53 of the set, wherein the laying aids (40) on the lower side (44) has a projecting tenon (46).
  59. 58. 按照权利要求57所述的构件组,其中,该榫头向下、向前和/或向后收缩。 58. A member according to claim 57 of the set, wherein the tenon downward, forward and / or backward contraction.
  60. 59. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 在下侧(44)有一伸出的榫头(46)和一穿过所述构件的通道(42),该通道终止在下侧(44)榫头(46)的后面。 59. The member set according to claim 53, wherein the laying aids (40) on the lower side (44) has a projecting tenon (46) and a through passage (42) of the member, the channel stopper behind the tenon (46) of the lower side (44).
  61. 60. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 在自身下侧(44)有一滚轮(51)。 60. A member according to claim 53 of the set, wherein the laying aids (40) at their lower side (44) has a roller (51).
  62. 61. 按照权利要求60所述的构件组,其中,该滚轮(51)设在从下侧(44)伸出的一榫头(46)的后方。 61. A member according to claim 60 of the set, wherein the roller (51) disposed behind a tenon (46) projecting from the lower side (44).
  63. 62. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40)在自身下侧(44)有滚轮(51),该滚轮(51)设在从下侧(44)伸出的一榫头(46)以及一穿过铺设辅助器(40)的通道的后方,该通道终止在所述滚轮(51)与榫头(46)之间。 62. A member according to claim 53 of the set, wherein the laying aids (40) at their lower side (44) with rollers (51), the roller (51) provided from the lower side (44) projecting a tenon rear channel (46) and through a laying aid (40), the channel terminating in said roller (51) and tenon (46) between.
  64. 63. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 在自身下侧(44)有一滚轮(52),它设在从下侧(44)伸出的一榫头(46)的前面。 63. A member according to claim 53 of the set, wherein the laying aids (40) at their lower side (44) has a roller (52) which is provided in a tenon projecting from the lower side (44) (46 ) earlier.
  65. 64. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 在自身上侧有一个滚轮(52)。 64. A member according to claim 53 of the set, wherein the laying aids (40) at their upper side a roller (52).
  66. 65. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 在自身下侧有一榫头(46),该榫头(46)插入两块互相处于连接状态的嵌板(l、 2、 2a)之间,从而将嵌板(l、 2、 2a)彼此压开。 65. The panel according to the group member of claim 53, wherein the laying aids (40) at their lower side a tenon (46), the tenon (46) is inserted into two mutually connected state (l, 2 between. 2A), so that the panels (l, 2, 2a) pressed apart.
  67. 66. 按照权利要求65所述的构件组,其中,所述榫头(46)插入两块互相处于连接状态的嵌板(l、 2、 2a)之间和/或从中拔出,使得在表面(9)在嵌板(1、 2、 2a)与榫头(46)之间留下一个间距。 66. A member according to claim 65 said group, wherein said tenon (46) inserted between the two panels to each other in the connected state (l, 2, 2a) and / or removed therefrom, so that the surface ( 9) between the panel (1, 2, 2a) and the tenon (46) leaving a spacing.
  68. 67. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 在侧面与自身下侧(44)毗邻地开设有一个凹槽。 67. A member according to claim 53 of the set, wherein the laying aids (40) on the side adjacent to itself a recess defined in the lower side (44).
  69. 68. 按照权利要求53所述的构件组,其中,该铺设辅助器(40) 有一偏心的;f黄截面。 68. The member set according to claim 53, wherein the laying aid (40) has an eccentric; F yellow-section.
  70. 69. 按照权利要求1所述的构件组,它包括一切割工具,借助该切割刀具可切割所述绳状或杆状元件(l 8)。 69. A member according to claim 1 of the group, which comprises a cutting tool, the cutting tool may be cut by means of said cord-like or rod-like element (l 8).
  71. 70. 按照权利要求69所述的构件组,其中,而且所述绳状或杆状元件借助该切割刀具以这样的方式切割,即,^使得切割后的所述绳状或杆状元件的长度至少与所使用的嵌板(l、 2、 2a)的横侧(60)或窄侧一样长。 70. A member according to claim 69 said group, wherein said string-like and rod-like element or by means of the cutter cut in such a manner, i.e., such that ^ length after cutting the rope or rod-shaped element panels (l, 2, 2a) is used with at least lateral side (60) as long or narrow sides.
  72. 71. 按照权利要求69所述的构件组,其中,所述切割刀具设计为,使所述绳状或杆状元件在切割后比所使用的嵌板(l、 2、 2a)的横侧(6)或窄侧的长度最多超出2mm。 71. A member according to claim 69 of the set, wherein the cutting knife is designed so that the rod-like or string-like element in the lateral side panels (l, 2, 2a) after cutting than is used ( a length of 6) up to or beyond the narrow side of 2mm.
  73. 72. 按照权利要求69所述的构件组,其中,所述绳状或杆状元件在切割后比所使用的嵌板(l、 2、 2a)的横侧(6)或窄侧的长度最多超出lmm。 72. A member according to claim 69 of the set, wherein a maximum length, the lateral side of the rod-like or string-like element in the ratios used in the panel after cutting (l, 2, 2a) (6) or narrow sides exceed lmm.
  74. 73. —种由上述任一项权利要求所述的构件组(l、 2、 2a、 18、 22、 32)铺设成的铺面。 73. - Species member group (l, 2, 2a, 18, 22, 32) laid in the pavement of the preceding claims.
  75. 74. 按照权利要求73所述的铺面,其中该铺面是一地板铺面。 74. The accessory according to claim 73, wherein the pavement is a floor coverings.
  76. 75. 按照权利要求73所述的铺面,其中,从所述公共表面(9)上看,每块嵌板均被所述绳状或杆状元件(18)围绕。 75. The accessory according to claim 73, wherein, from the common surface (9) point of view, each panel are the string-like or rod-like element (18) surrounds.
  77. 76. —种用按照上述任一项权利要求所述的构件组来铺设一铺面的方法,其中,使所述嵌板(l、 2、 2a)以这样的方式互相连接,即,地形状封闭地互锁,以及,借助一铺设辅助器(40、 70)将一绳状或杆状元件(18)置于两块嵌板(1、 2、 2a)之间。 76. - Method according to the group member according to any preceding claims for laying a pavement species, wherein the panel (l, 2, 2a) in such a way connected to each other, i.e., the shape of the closed interlocking, and, by means of a laying aid (40, 70) to a string-like or rod-like member (18) disposed between the two panels (1, 2, 2a).
  78. 77. 按照权利要求76所述的方法,其中, 一铺设辅助器(40)沿一接缝(ll)行驶或移动,并与此同时将一绳状或杆状元件(18)在铺设辅助器C40)后方置入该接缝(11)内。 77. The method according to claim 76, wherein a laying aid (40) or move along with a joint (LL), and while the string-like or a rod-like element (18) laying aid C40) placed in the rear of the seam) (11.
  79. 78. 按照权利要求76所述的方法,其中, 一铺i殳辅助器(40)沿一接缝(11)一直行驶或移动到一个橫向接缝(60),并在此过程中将一绳状或杆状元件(l8)在铺设辅助器(40)后方置入该接缝(l 1)内。 78. The method according to claim 76, wherein a shop i Shu aids (40) along a seam (11) has been moved into or with a transverse seam (60), and during this process a rope shaped or rod-shaped element (L8 of) into the seam laying aid (40) rearward (l 1) within.
  80. 79. 按照权利要求78所述的方法,其中,在使用一偏心构件(70) 的情况下将一绳状或杆状元件(18)置入该横向接缝(60)内。 79. The method according to claim 78, wherein, in a case where an eccentric member (70) is a rope or a rod-like element (18) placed within the transverse seam (60).
CN 03811111 2002-04-13 2002-09-24 Panelling with edging and laying aid CN100451267C (en)

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DE20205774U DE20205774U1 (en) 2002-04-13 2002-04-13 Panels with rubber edging
DE20205774.7 2002-04-13
DE20211263.2 2002-07-25
DE20211263U DE20211263U1 (en) 2002-07-25 2002-07-25 Panels with border besides laying aid

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CN100451267C true CN100451267C (en) 2009-01-14

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AT (2) AT488655T (en)
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WO2003087497A1 (en) 2003-10-23
CN2752368Y (en) 2006-01-18
DE50214780D1 (en) 2010-12-30
EP1520947A1 (en) 2005-04-06
EP1495196B1 (en) 2009-09-16
AT443189T (en) 2009-10-15
CN1653238A (en) 2005-08-10
EP1520947B1 (en) 2010-11-17
AU2002367875A1 (en) 2003-10-27
PL371350A1 (en) 2005-06-13
AT488655T (en) 2010-12-15
EP1495196A1 (en) 2005-01-12
PL207751B1 (en) 2011-01-31

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