CN100396873C - A shuttering member - Google Patents

A shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100396873C
CN100396873C CNB200310124190XA CN200310124190A CN100396873C CN 100396873 C CN100396873 C CN 100396873C CN B200310124190X A CNB200310124190X A CN B200310124190XA CN 200310124190 A CN200310124190 A CN 200310124190A CN 100396873 C CN100396873 C CN 100396873C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
plate
sidewall
basin
toss
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CNB200310124190XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1629428A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB200310124190XA priority Critical patent/CN100396873C/en
Publication of CN1629428A publication Critical patent/CN1629428A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100396873C publication Critical patent/CN100396873C/en

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a shuttering member which comprises an upper slab (1) and peripheral side walls (2), wherein the upper slab (1) and the peripheral side walls (2) are surrounded to form an opened basin-shaped member. The present invention is characterized in that a stiffening rod (3) is arranged in a cavity of the basin-shaped member so as to form integration with the basin-shaped member. In this way, because the stiffening rod is arranged in the shuttering member, the shuttering member has high strength and rigidity, is not easy to have the phenomenon that the shuttering member is damaged, and can bear and transmit force together with a floor; simultaneously, the shuttering member also has the characteristics of simple structure, high strength, good deformation resistant performance and vibration resistant performance, easy manufacture, low cost, convenient construction, high construction speed, etc., is suitable for use in hollow floors, roofs, walls, foundation bottom slabs and hollow bridges which are made of cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete, and is particularly suitable for use in hollow beamless floors.

Description

A kind of shuttering member
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, formwork comprises upper plate and side plate on every side, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use in a large number template, accelerate speed of application, shortened the duration, thereby reduced cost.But do not have in the shuttering member in this floor structure and add competent structure, the bulk strength and the rigidity of shuttering member are relatively poor, be prone to the phenomenon of shuttering member breakage, be applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, can not participate in the stressed and power transmission of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor preferably.Therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have intensity height, rigidity greatly, not cracky, can participate in the characteristics such as stressed and power transmission of superstructure.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, upper plate, sidewall surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that being provided with bracing boom in the cavity of described basin-shaped component, form integral body with basin-shaped component, upper plate or on every side at least one of sidewall be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with bracing boom in the shuttering member, thereby the intensity height of shuttering member, rigidity greatly, are not prone to the phenomenon of shuttering member breakage, and can participate in the stressed and power transmission of superstructure; Simultaneously, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described many bracing booms constitute rack or truss each other.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, rack or truss member in the shuttering member can combine with Cast-in-place concrete, constitute the three-dimensional net rack or the truss stress system of the cast-in-place and prefabricated superstructure inside that combines, and make the stressed and transmission force property of superstructure better.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bracing boom is solid hopkinson bar or hollow stem or coupled pole.Like this, the overall performance that can give full play to the compound rod that is provided with in the shuttering member or coupled pole or hollow stem is good, intensity is high, flexibility good, cost low and making simply, characteristics efficiently, improved the combination property of shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bracing boom stretches out outside the shuttering member.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, it stretches out the outer bracing boom of shuttering member and the Cast-in-place concrete joint has formed integral body, realized that no separation layer directly engages, make interior rod member of shuttering member and the bonding between the Cast-in-place concrete and build-in better, solve the low and bad problem of cooperative work performance of bond strength between prefabricated and the Cast-in-place concrete preferably, increased substantially the stress performance and the overall performance of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is at least two faces of described bracing boom drawknot shuttering member.Like this,, make its cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, greatly reduce the breakage rate of shuttering member because the wall of bracing boom drawknot shuttering member makes the overall performance of shuttering member obtain strengthening significantly.
Feature of the present invention is also that sidewall is protruding around described a toss.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the outwardly directed toss of sidewall on every side can replace construction formwork, has reduced construction cost, had saved template simultaneously and had laid operation, had reduced construction cost, had accelerated construction speed.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate, sidewall, bracing boom or toss on every side contain reinforce, and reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate, sidewall, bracing boom or toss on every side have reinforce to expose.
Feature of the present invention is that also reinforce that upper plate, sidewall, bracing boom or toss on every side include stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Like this, contain above-mentioned reinforce in upper plate, sidewall, bracing boom or the toss on every side, their strength and stiffness have been improved greatly, make shuttering member cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, even the breakage of small size is arranged, because of the connection of reinforce is arranged, do not need to repair yet, can continue to come into operation.If also have reinforce to expose the shuttering member outside on the shuttering member, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combine, and can improve the bond stress between Cast-in-place concrete and the shuttering member greatly, optimize the performance of whole hollow building cover; Simultaneously, expose reinforce and also make things convenient for shuttering member when carrying, make handle or suspension ring or suspension hook and use.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting or junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct at least one.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the superstructure, because suspender member or hang built-in fitting or the setting in advance of junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, arc angle, groove, pit, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, arc angle, groove, the pit, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib on the described shuttering member, the floor or add in wringing at least one of putting more energy into.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the reinforcing rib that is provided with in the shuttering member, the floor or add and wring and can form cast-in-place and the prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete of putting more energy into had been optimized cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor inside stress system.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with transverse concave groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall on every side.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, toss can replace construction formwork, save the template installation procedure, reduced material wastage rate, simultaneously, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, construction was laid more convenient, between the spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece, after shuttering member installs, the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece can be reclaimed secondary and use, reduce the cost of production of shuttering member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly, it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece each other, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material.Like this, shuttering member has better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Simultaneously, also improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another between the shuttering member.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one of sidewall be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Like this, the variation of overlapping layers manufacturing materials can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, helps reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.Like this, the upper plate of shuttering member and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of reinforce of net forms by multilayer.Like this, be stained with upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight by multilayer, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for bracing boom, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of its described basin-shaped component, and simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with many bracing booms 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described many bracing booms 3 constitute truss each other.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with many bracing booms 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described bracing boom 3 is a hollow stem.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described bracing boom 3 has part to stretch out outside the shuttering member.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body, two faces of its described bracing boom 3 drawknot shuttering members with basin-shaped component.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 4.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, all contain reinforce 5 in its described upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 and the toss 4 on every side, simultaneously, also have reinforce 5 to expose; Reinforce 5 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Diagram reinforce 5 is the combination of reinforcing bar and fibrous mesh cloth.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, is respectively arranged with suspender member 6, junction box 7, spool 8, light trough box 9 and airduct 10 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 4 on every side.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, also is provided with inner corner trim 11, chamfering 12, arc angle 13, groove 14, pit 15, boss module 16, raised line 17 and external corner 18 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, also is provided with reinforcing rib 19 on its described shuttering member simultaneously, the floor 20 and add and wring 21 of putting more energy into.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with a spacer draw piece 23 in its described internal-rib die cavity 22, spacer draw piece 23 is a rod member between diagram.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 24.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 25, and diagram carrying part 25 is handle.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 23 alternately each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the arc angle quadrangle.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 26, and diagram light material 26 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, its described shuttering member is provided with align member 27, and illustrated position member 27 is a locating piece.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, its described shuttering member is provided with connector 28 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 28 is socket joint rod member and hole.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 24.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described overlapping layers 24 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, the wall of sidewall 2 was the fiber cement mortar wall around the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member reached, and toss 4 is the toss that the ferrocement concrete is made.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and toss 4 on every side all are to be formed by the netted reinforce 5 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that being provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of described basin-shaped component, form integral body with basin-shaped component, upper plate 1 or on every side at least one of sidewall 2 be provided with overlapping layers 24.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for bracing boom, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of its described basin-shaped component, and simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, upper plate 1 or on every side at least one of sidewall 2 be provided with overlapping layers 24.
Feature of the present invention is that also described many bracing booms 3 constitute rack or truss each other.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with many bracing booms 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described many bracing booms 3 constitute truss each other.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bracing boom 3 is solid hopkinson bar or hollow stem or coupled pole.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with many bracing booms 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described bracing boom 3 is a hollow stem.
Feature of the present invention is that also described bracing boom 3 stretches out outside the shuttering member.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described bracing boom 3 has part to stretch out outside the shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention also is at least two faces of described bracing boom 3 drawknot shuttering members.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body, two faces of its described bracing boom 3 drawknot shuttering members with basin-shaped component.
Feature of the present invention is also that sidewall 2 is protruding around described a toss 4.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 4.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate 1, sidewall 2, bracing boom 3 or toss 4 on every side contain reinforce 5.Reinforce 5 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate 1, sidewall 2, bracing boom 3 or toss 4 on every side also have reinforce 5 to expose.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2, bracing boom 3 or toss 4 reinforces 5 stretch into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other on every side.Reinforce 5 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, all contain reinforce 5 in its described upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 and the toss 4 on every side, simultaneously, also have reinforce 5 to expose; Reinforce 5 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Diagram reinforce 5 is the combination of reinforcing bar and fibrous mesh cloth.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 4 on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting 6 or junction box 7 or spool 8 or light trough box 9 or airduct 10 at least one.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, is respectively arranged with suspender member 6, junction box 7, spool 8, light trough box 9 and airduct 10 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 4 on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim 11, chamfering 12, arc angle 13, groove 14, pit 15, boss module 16, raised line 17, the external corner 18.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, also is provided with inner corner trim 11, chamfering 12, arc angle 13, groove 14, pit 15, boss module 16, raised line 17 and external corner 18 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib 19 on the described shuttering member, the floor 20 or add at least one of wringing in 21 of putting more energy into.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, also is provided with reinforcing rib 19 on its described shuttering member simultaneously, the floor 20 and add and wring 21 of putting more energy into.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 22 a spacer draw piece 23.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, also be provided with a spacer draw piece 23 in its described internal-rib die cavity 22, spacer draw piece 23 is a rod member between diagram.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 4 on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers 24.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 24.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 25.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 4, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 4, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 14 with toss 4 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 25, and diagram carrying part 25 is handle.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 23 each other, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 23 alternately each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 22 between the adjacent shuttering member.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the arc angle quadrangle.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material 26.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 26, and diagram light material 26 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member 27.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, its described shuttering member is provided with align member 27, and illustrated position member 27 is a locating piece.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector 28 connected to one another between the shuttering member.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, its described shuttering member is provided with connector 28 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 28 is socket joint rod member and hole.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one of sidewall 2 be provided with overlapping layers 24.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 24.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 24 is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described overlapping layers 24 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss 4 is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, the wall of sidewall 2 was the fiber cement mortar wall around the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member reached, and toss 4 is the toss that the ferrocement concrete is made.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or the toss 4 on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 5 superimposed gluings of net form by multilayer.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with bracing boom 3 in the cavity of basin-shaped component, simultaneously, bracing boom 3 forms integral body with basin-shaped component, and its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and toss 4 on every side all are to be formed by the netted reinforce 5 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
During the invention process, can adopt cement mortar cementitious matter and fiberglass gridding cloth, in mould, make one deck cementitious matter, the layer of glass grid cloth, the shuttering member with layer structure of the multilayer build-up of one deck cementitious matter again with prefabricated concrete or cement mortar bracing boom 3, demoulding maintenance promptly gets shuttering member to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (29)

1. shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) surrounds worn-out mouthful basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that being provided with bracing boom (3) in the cavity of described basin-shaped component, form integral body with basin-shaped component, upper plate (1) or on every side at least one of sidewall (2) be provided with overlapping layers (24).
2. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that many of described bracing booms (3) constitute rack or truss each other.
3. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 2 is characterized in that described bracing boom (3) is solid hopkinson bar or hollow stem or coupled pole.
4. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described bracing boom (3) stretches out outside the shuttering member.
5. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that at least two faces of described bracing boom (3) drawknot shuttering member.
6. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that sidewall (2) is protruding around described has a toss (4).
7. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6 is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), bracing boom (3) or toss (4) on every side contain reinforce (5); Reinforce (5) is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, fiber, nonwoven, metal foil band, strap, the braid over braid.
8. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 7 is characterized in that reinforce (5) is steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, porose thin band.
9. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 7 is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), bracing boom (3) or toss (4) on every side have reinforce (5) to expose.
10. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 7 is characterized in that reinforce (5) in the upper plate (1), sidewall (2), bracing boom (3) or toss (4) on every side stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.
11. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (4) on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting (6) or junction box (7) or spool (8) or light trough box (9) or airduct (10) at least one.
12. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim (11), chamfering (12), arc angle (13), groove (14), pit (15), boss module (16), raised line (17), the external corner (18).
13. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member reinforcing rib (19), the floor of putting more energy into (20) or adds at least one of wringing in (21).
14. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6 is characterized in that at least two of described shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (4), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (22) between the adjacent shuttering member.
15. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that described sidewall (2) is on every side gone up and toss (4) contact site also is provided with transverse concave groove (14).
16. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that being provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity (22) a spacer draw piece (23).
17. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that described toss (4) is provided with overlapping layers (24).
18. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with carrying part (25).
19. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that described at least two shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece (23) each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity (22) between the adjacent shuttering member.
20., it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as polygon, corrugated or circular according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5.
21. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 20, the polygon that it is characterized in that described shuttering member are arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, rectangle, square, multi sphere limit shape.
22., it is characterized in that the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material (26) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5.
23., it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with align member (27) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5.
24., it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another (28) between the shuttering member according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5.
25., it is characterized in that described overlapping layers (24) is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5.
26. according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete.
27. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6, (4) are the toss of cement mortar, concrete, polymer mortar to it is characterized in that toss is arranged.
28. a kind of shuttering member according to claim 27 is characterized in that described concrete is lightweight concrete, polymer concrete.
29., it is characterized in that in described upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or the toss (4) on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of the reinforce of net (5) forms by multilayer according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 5.
CNB200310124190XA 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 A shuttering member CN100396873C (en)

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CNA2008101089661A Division CN101324129A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component
CNA2008101089657A Division CN101324128A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component
CNA2008101083538A Division CN101298806A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component
CNA2008101089676A Division CN101324130A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component
CNA2008101089642A Division CN101324127A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component
CNA2008101083542A Division CN101298807A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component

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CN1959004B (en) * 2005-08-18 2011-08-03 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Shuttering component

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US4468911A (en) * 1982-02-12 1984-09-04 Andrew Daga System for forming structural concrete
SU1475792A1 (en) * 1985-03-18 1989-04-30 П.Н.Тимохин, Э.Д.Подлозный и В.И.Малихтарович Method of producing boards and panels of cedllular concrete
EP0884427A2 (en) * 1997-06-11 1998-12-16 Eduarda Fanha N. Ferreira Rebelo A better solution for the concrete boxes normally used in the fungiform pavements
CN2491519Y (en) * 2001-07-31 2002-05-15 谢孟 Die box
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1401868A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form for filling concrete
CN1455066A (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-11-12 邱则有 Three-dimensional load-carrying form for reinforced concrete

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4468911A (en) * 1982-02-12 1984-09-04 Andrew Daga System for forming structural concrete
SU1475792A1 (en) * 1985-03-18 1989-04-30 П.Н.Тимохин, Э.Д.Подлозный и В.И.Малихтарович Method of producing boards and panels of cedllular concrete
EP0884427A2 (en) * 1997-06-11 1998-12-16 Eduarda Fanha N. Ferreira Rebelo A better solution for the concrete boxes normally used in the fungiform pavements
CN2491519Y (en) * 2001-07-31 2002-05-15 谢孟 Die box
CN1455066A (en) * 2002-04-30 2003-11-12 邱则有 Three-dimensional load-carrying form for reinforced concrete
CN1401869A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form member for hollowing out concrete
CN1401868A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form for filling concrete

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