CN101324131A - Shuttering component - Google Patents

Shuttering component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101324131A
CN101324131A CNA2008101089680A CN200810108968A CN101324131A CN 101324131 A CN101324131 A CN 101324131A CN A2008101089680 A CNA2008101089680 A CN A2008101089680A CN 200810108968 A CN200810108968 A CN 200810108968A CN 101324131 A CN101324131 A CN 101324131A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
plate
sidewall
floor
toss
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Pending
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CNA2008101089680A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱则有
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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邱则有
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Application filed by 邱则有 filed Critical 邱则有
Priority to CNA2008101089680A priority Critical patent/CN101324131A/en
Publication of CN101324131A publication Critical patent/CN101324131A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a shuttering component which comprises an upper plate (1) and surrounding side walls (2), wherein, the upper plate (1) and the surrounding side walls (2) surround to form an open basin-shaped component, and the shuttering component is characterized in that the cavity of the basin-shaped component is internally provided with a stiffening rib plate (3), the surrounding side walls (2) are outwards extended with tosses (5), and a plurality of the shuttering components form the ganged shuttering components by the connection of the tosses (5). The shuttering component is suitable for being used for the hollow board, the floor system, the roof system, the wall, the foundation slab and the hollow bridge of cast-in-situ reinforcement concrete or prestressed reinforcement concrete, in particular to the hollow and girderless floor system.

Description

A kind of shuttering member
The application be that December 15, application number in 2003 are 200310124186.3 the applying date, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of shuttering member ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, formwork comprises upper plate and side plate on every side, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use in a large number template, accelerate speed of application, shortened the duration, thereby reduced cost.But do not have in the shuttering member in this floor structure and add competent structure, the bulk strength and the rigidity of shuttering member are relatively poor, be prone to the phenomenon of shuttering member breakage, be applied to cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, can not participate in the stressed and power transmission of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor preferably.Therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have intensity height, rigidity greatly, not cracky, can participate in the characteristics such as stressed and power transmission of superstructure.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, upper plate, sidewall surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that being provided with the floor of putting more energy in the cavity of described basin-shaped component, sidewall is protruding on every side a toss, and a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the outwardly directed toss of sidewall on every side can replace construction formwork, has reduced construction cost, had saved template simultaneously and had laid operation, had reduced construction cost, had accelerated construction speed; Owing to be provided with the floor of putting more energy in the shuttering member, thereby the intensity height of shuttering member, rigidity greatly, are not prone to the phenomenon of shuttering member breakage, and can participate in the stressed and power transmission of superstructure; Simultaneously, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described floor of putting more energy into is solid floor or hollow reinforced floor or the compound floor of putting more energy into of putting more energy into.Like this, the floor kind of putting more energy into is many, makes things convenient for selecting for use of design, construction and production unit, helps reducing producing and the floor construction cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described compound floor of putting more energy into is the compound floor of putting more energy into that contains light material.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc.Like this, accompany light material in the floor of putting more energy into, its weight is far smaller than the weight with the common stiffening rib of volume, makes shuttering member lighter, does not simultaneously influence intensity, in addition, the insulation of shuttering member, heat insulation, sound insulation value is better.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described multi-disc floor of putting more energy into is parallel, quadrature or oblique setting.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the variation that the floor of putting more energy in the shuttering member is provided with can be satisfied the needs of various different designs.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described floor of putting more energy into exposes outside the basin-shaped component.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the stiffening rib and the Cast-in-place concrete that expose combined, and have formed the force structure that Cast-in-place concrete and prefabricated units combine, and made that the overall performance of superstructure and mechanical property are better.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate, sidewall, put more energy into floor or toss on every side contain reinforce, perhaps also has reinforce to expose, and perhaps reinforce stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Like this, contain above-mentioned reinforce in upper plate, sidewall, bracing boom or the toss on every side, their strength and stiffness have been improved greatly, make shuttering member cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, even the breakage of small size is arranged, because of the connection of reinforce is arranged, do not need to repair yet, can continue to come into operation.If also have reinforce to expose the shuttering member outside on the shuttering member, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combine, and can improve the bond stress between Cast-in-place concrete and the shuttering member greatly, optimize the performance of whole hollow building cover; Simultaneously, expose reinforce and also make things convenient for shuttering member when carrying, make handle or suspension ring or suspension hook and use.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting or junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct at least one.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the superstructure, because suspender member or hang built-in fitting or the setting in advance of junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, arc angle, groove, pit, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, arc angle, groove, the pit, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib, bracing boom on the described shuttering member or adds in wringing at least one.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforcing rib, the bracing boom that is provided with in the shuttering member or add and wring and can form cast-in-place and the prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete optimized cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor inside stress system.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with transverse concave groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall on every side.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, toss can replace construction formwork, save the template installation procedure, reduced material wastage rate, simultaneously, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, construction was laid more convenient, between the spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece, after shuttering member installs, the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece can be reclaimed secondary and use, reduce the cost of production of shuttering member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly, it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece each other, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material.Like this, shuttering member has better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Simultaneously, also improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another between the shuttering member.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one of sidewall be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Like this, the variation of overlapping layers manufacturing materials can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, helps reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.Like this, the upper plate of shuttering member and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of reinforce of net forms by multilayer.Like this, be stained with upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight by multilayer, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 for upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for putting more energy into floor, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of its described basin-shaped component.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described floor 3 of putting more energy into is hollow reinforced floor.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the compound floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, its described compound floor 3 of putting more energy into is for containing the compound floor of putting more energy into of light material 4, and diagram light material 4 is an expanded perlite.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with a plurality of floors 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described multi-disc floor 3 of putting more energy into is set in parallel.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described floor 3 of putting more energy into has part to expose outside the basin-shaped component.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 5.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, all contain reinforce 6 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 5 on every side, reinforce 6 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Diagram reinforce 6 is the metal foil band.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, its described upper plate 1 and be respectively arranged with suspender member 7, junction box 8, spool 9, light trough box 10 and airduct 11 on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, also is provided with inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, arc angle 14, groove 15, pit 16, boss module 17, raised line 18 and external corner 19 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, also is provided with reinforcing rib 20, bracing boom 21 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds and wring 22.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with a spacer draw piece 24 in its described internal-rib die cavity 23.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 26.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 24 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, spacer draw piece 24 is a rod member between diagram.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the arc angle quadrangle.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 4, and diagram light material 4 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described shuttering member is provided with align member 27, and illustrated position member 27 is a locating piece.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, its described shuttering member is provided with connector 28 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 28 is socket joint rod member and hole.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25, and its described overlapping layers 25 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar wall, toss 5 is the toss that ferro-cement is made.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and toss 5 on every side all are to be formed by the netted reinforce 6 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that being provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of described basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, and a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 for upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for putting more energy into floor, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of its described basin-shaped component.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 5.Shown in Figure 11,12, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described floor 3 of putting more energy into is solid floor or hollow reinforced floor or the compound floor of putting more energy into of putting more energy into.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described floor 3 of putting more energy into is hollow reinforced floor.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described compound floor 3 of putting more energy into is for containing the compound floor of putting more energy into of light material 4.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the compound floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, its described compound floor 3 of putting more energy into is for containing the compound floor of putting more energy into of light material 4, and diagram light material 4 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described multi-disc floor 3 of putting more energy into is parallel, quadrature or oblique setting.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with a plurality of floors 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described multi-disc floor 3 of putting more energy into is set in parallel.
Feature of the present invention is that also the described floor 3 of putting more energy into exposes outside the basin-shaped component.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described floor 3 of putting more energy into has part to expose outside the basin-shaped component.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate 1, sidewall 2, put more energy into floor 3 or toss 5 on every side contain reinforce 6, perhaps also has reinforce 6 to expose, and perhaps reinforce 6 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Reinforce 6 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, all contain reinforce 6 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 5 on every side, reinforce 6 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.Diagram reinforce 6 is the metal foil band.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 5 on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting 7 or junction box 8 or spool 9 or light trough box 10 or airduct 11 at least one.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, its described upper plate 1 and be respectively arranged with suspender member 7, junction box 8, spool 9, light trough box 10 and airduct 11 on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, arc angle 14, groove 15, pit 16, boss module 17, raised line 18, the external corner 19.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, also is provided with inner corner trim 12, chamfering 13, arc angle 14, groove 15, pit 16, boss module 17, raised line 18 and external corner 19 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib 20, bracing boom 21 on the described shuttering member or to add at least one of wringing in 22.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, also is provided with reinforcing rib 20, bracing boom 21 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds and wring 22.
Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 23 a spacer draw piece 24.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with a spacer draw piece 24 in its described internal-rib die cavity 23.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 5 on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers 25.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 26.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 5, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with transverse concave groove 15 with toss 5 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, its described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 26.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 24 each other, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 24 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, spacer draw piece 24 is a rod member between diagram.
Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the arc angle quadrangle.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material 4.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 4, and diagram light material 4 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member 27.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described shuttering member is provided with align member 27, and illustrated position member 27 is a locating piece.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector 28 connected to one another between the shuttering member.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, its described shuttering member is provided with connector 28 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 28 is socket joint rod member and hole.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one of sidewall 2 be provided with overlapping layers 25.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 25 is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, is provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, and upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25, and its described overlapping layers 25 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss 5 is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 5, the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the fiber cement mortar wall, toss 5 is the toss that ferro-cement is made.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or the toss 5 on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 6 superimposed gluings of net form by multilayer.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, be provided with the floor 3 of putting more energy in the cavity of basin-shaped component, sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 5, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and toss 5 on every side all are to be formed by the netted reinforce 6 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
During the invention process, can adopt cement mortar cementitious matter and fiberglass gridding cloth, in mould, make one deck cementitious matter, the layer of glass grid cloth, again the multilayer build-up of one deck cementitious matter have layer structure with the put more energy into shuttering member of floor 3 of prefabricated concrete or cement mortar, demoulding maintenance promptly gets shuttering member to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (10)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that being provided with the floor of putting more energy into (3) in the cavity of described basin-shaped component, sidewall (2) is protruding on every side a toss (5), and a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (5).
2, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described floor of putting more energy into (3) is solid floor or hollow reinforced floor or the compound floor of putting more energy into of putting more energy into.
3, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 2 is characterized in that the described compound floor of putting more energy into (3) is for containing the compound floor of putting more energy into of light material (4).
4, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described multi-disc floor (3) of putting more energy into is parallel, quadrature or oblique setting.
5, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the described floor of putting more energy into (3) exposes outside the basin-shaped component.
6, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), the floor of putting more energy into (3) or toss (5) on every side contain reinforce (6), perhaps also have reinforce (6) to expose, reinforce (6) is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, the strap etc.; Perhaps reinforce (6) stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.
7, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2), the floor of putting more energy into (3) or toss (5) on every side contain reinforce (6), perhaps also has reinforce (6) to expose, and reinforce (6) is a fibrous mesh cloth; Perhaps upper plate (1), sidewall (2), the floor of putting more energy into (3) or toss (5) on every side contain reinforce (6), perhaps also have reinforce (6) to expose, and reinforce (6) is a braid over braid; Perhaps upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (5) on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting (7) or junction box (8) or spool (9) or light trough box (10) or airduct (11) at least one; Perhaps also be provided with at least one in inner corner trim (12), chamfering (13), arc angle (14), groove (15), pit (16), boss module (17), raised line (18), the external corner (19) on the shuttering member.
8, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member reinforcing rib (20), bracing boom (21) or adds at least one of wringing in (22); Perhaps at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (5), constitute internal-rib die cavity (23) between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps around sidewall (2) go up and toss (5) contact site also is provided with transverse concave groove (15); Perhaps be provided with a spacer draw piece (24) in the internal-rib die cavity (23); Perhaps at least one of upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (5) on every side is provided with overlapping layers (25); Perhaps shuttering member is provided with carrying part (26).
9, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that described at least two shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece (24) each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity (23) between the adjacent shuttering member; Perhaps the horizontal profile of shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, corrugated or circular; Perhaps the horizontal profile of shuttering member is shaped as arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape; Perhaps the re-entrant portion of shuttering member is provided with light material (4); Perhaps shuttering member is provided with align member (27).
10,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another (28) between the shuttering member according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8; Perhaps upper plate (1) or on every side at least one of sidewall (2) be provided with overlapping layers (25); Perhaps overlapping layers (25) is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate; Perhaps the upper plate of shuttering member (1) or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss (5) is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, polymer mortar; Perhaps toss (5) is the toss of lightweight concrete or polymer concrete; Perhaps at least one in upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or the toss (5) on every side is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of the reinforce of net (6) forms by multilayer.
CNA2008101089680A 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component Pending CN101324131A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101089680A CN101324131A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNA2008101089680A CN101324131A (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Shuttering component

Related Parent Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CNB2003101241863A Division CN100396872C (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 A shuttering member

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101324131A true CN101324131A (en) 2008-12-17

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Country Link
CN (1) CN101324131A (en)

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