CN100570092C - A kind of shuttering member - Google Patents

A kind of shuttering member Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100570092C
CN100570092C CNB2003101251263A CN200310125126A CN100570092C CN 100570092 C CN100570092 C CN 100570092C CN B2003101251263 A CNB2003101251263 A CN B2003101251263A CN 200310125126 A CN200310125126 A CN 200310125126A CN 100570092 C CN100570092 C CN 100570092C
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China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
toss
sidewall
plate
rib
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CNB2003101251263A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1635249A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2003101251263A priority Critical patent/CN100570092C/en
Publication of CN1635249A publication Critical patent/CN1635249A/en
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Publication of CN100570092C publication Critical patent/CN100570092C/en

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Abstract

A kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that sidewall (2) is protruding around described has a toss (3), and toss (3) is provided with at least a in rib (4), tension rib (5) or the stirrup (6).Like this, when shuttering member was applied to floor construction, its toss after the amalgamation, can replace construction formwork or prefabricated plate each other, thereby the weight saving of superstructure, cost reduce; Simultaneously, owing in toss, set in advance rib, tension rib or stirrup, thereby, it is more accurate, convenient that rib in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib between the shuttering member, tension rib or stirrup are laid the location, the construction quality that is difficult for inconsistent phenomenon takes place and influences hollow building cover, efficiency of construction improves greatly, and, the construction quality of superstructure also is easier to guarantee, is applicable to that superstructure, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the bridge of various cast-in-situ reinforced concretes or prestressed reinforced concrete uses.

Description

A kind of shuttering member

(1) technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.

(2) background technology

The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, formwork comprises upper plate and side plate on every side, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use in a large number template, accelerate speed of application, shortened the duration, thereby reduced cost.But, when this floor structure is constructed, still needing to use when template with prefabricated plate, superstructure weight is still heavier relatively, and cost is still higher; Simultaneously, it is inconvenient that the rib in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib between the shuttering member, tension rib or stirrup are laid the location, and inconsistent phenomenon easily takes place, and influences the construction quality of hollow building cover, influences efficiency of construction, therefore, develops a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.

(3) summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, have the weight of saving template, alleviating superstructure, reduce cost, easy construction, efficient height, be easy to guarantee characteristics such as hollow building cover construction quality.

Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, upper plate, sidewall surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and it is characterized in that sidewall is protruding around described has a toss, and toss is provided with at least a in rib, tension rib or the stirrup.Like this and since shuttering member around sidewall is protruding that toss arranged, when shuttering member was applied to floor construction, its toss after the amalgamation, can replace construction formwork or prefabricated plate each other, thereby the weight saving of superstructure, cost reduce; Simultaneously, owing in toss, set in advance rib, tension rib or stirrup, thereby, rib in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib between the shuttering member, it is more accurate that tension rib or stirrup are laid the location, convenient, the construction quality that is difficult for inconsistent phenomenon takes place and influences hollow building cover, efficiency of construction improves greatly, and, the construction quality of superstructure also is easier to guarantee, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, in addition, shuttering member also has simple in structure, the intensity height, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, make easily, characteristics such as cost is low, be applicable to the superstructure of various cast-in-situ reinforced concretes or prestressed reinforced concrete, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and bridge use, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam or close rib building roof and use.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate, sidewall or toss on every side at least one contain reinforce, perhaps also protruding have a reinforce.Like this, contain above-mentioned reinforce in upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side, their strength and stiffness have been improved greatly, make shuttering member cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, even the breakage of small size is arranged, because of the connection of reinforce is arranged, do not need to repair yet, can continue to come into operation.If also have reinforce to expose the shuttering member outside on the shuttering member, when shuttering member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combine, and can improve the bond stress between Cast-in-place concrete and the shuttering member greatly, optimize the performance of whole hollow building cover; Simultaneously, expose reinforce and also make things convenient for shuttering member when carrying, make handle or suspension ring or suspension hook and use.

Feature of the present invention is also that described toss is protruding a reinforce.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, outwardly directed reinforce of toss and Cast-in-place concrete combined, and toss and Cast-in-place concrete are connected as a single entity, the phenomenon that has prevented the joint cracking of toss and Cast-in-place concrete effectively takes place, and has improved the performance of Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce in described upper plate, sidewall, the toss on every side stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, perhaps the reinforce in each matrix this as an integral body.Like this, reinforce stretches in the matrix of each adjacent member drawknot mutually, and then the globality of shuttering member is better, and intensity is higher, and rigidity is bigger.

Feature of the present invention is that also described reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid.Like this, the kind of reinforce is many, is convenient to design and the selecting for use of reinforce when manufacturing shuttering member, helps reducing material cost, to satisfy the needs of various different occasions.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting or junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct at least one.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the superstructure, because suspender member or hang built-in fitting or the setting in advance of junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim, chamfering, arc angle, pit, groove, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in inner corner trim, chamfering, arc angle, pit, the groove, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, bracing boom on the described shuttering member or adds in wringing at least one.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, the bracing boom that is provided with in the shuttering member or add and wring and can form cast-in-place and the prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete optimized cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor inside stress system.

Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with horizontal groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall on every side.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, toss can replace construction formwork, save the template installation procedure, reduced material wastage rate, simultaneously, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.If also be provided with transverse concave groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall around between the shuttering member, then Cast-in-place concrete can form the edge of a wing or the reinforcing rib of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib in groove, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Thereby the intensity of superstructure is higher, and rigidity is bigger, and mechanical property is better.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, construction was laid more convenient, between the spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece, after shuttering member installs, the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece can be reclaimed secondary and use, reduce the cost of production of shuttering member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly, it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.

Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece each other, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.

Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material.Like this, shuttering member has better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Simultaneously, also improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, can accurately locate, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar to shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another between the shuttering member.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, plastic foamboard, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Like this, the variation of overlapping layers manufacturing materials can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, helps reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.Like this, the upper plate of shuttering member and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.

Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of reinforce of net forms by multilayer.Like this, be stained with upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight by multilayer, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.

(4) description of drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for toss, 4 for rib, 5 for tension rib, 6 for stirrup, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 3, is provided with rib 4, tension rib 5 and stirrup 6 in toss 3 simultaneously.

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, also be provided with carrying part 7 on its described shuttering member, diagram carrying part 7 is handle.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, all contains reinforce 8 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 3 on every side.

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, and its described toss 3 is protruding reinforce 8.

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and 8 of reinforces around it is described in sidewall 2 and the toss 3 are as same integral body.

Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, and its described reinforce 8 is the metal foil band.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, its described upper plate 1 and be respectively arranged with suspender member 9, junction box 10, spool 11, light trough box 12 and airduct 13 on the sidewall 2 on every side.

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, also is provided with inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, arc angle 16, pit 17, groove 18, boss module 19, raised line 20 and external corner 21 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, also is provided with reinforcing rib 22, stiffening rib 23, bracing boom 24 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds to wring 25.

Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, its described two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 3, constitute internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 18 with toss 3 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.

Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 3, constitute internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 18 with toss 3 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with a spacer draw piece 27 in its described internal-rib die cavity 26, spacer draw piece 27 is a rod member between diagram.

Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 27 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member.

Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds worn-out mouthful basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the arc angle quadrangle.

Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 28, and diagram light material 28 is an expanded perlite.

Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, also be provided with align member 29 on its described shuttering member, illustrated position member 29 is a locating piece.

Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and its described shuttering member is provided with connector 30 connected to one another between the shuttering member.

Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5 and stirrup 6, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 31.

Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 31, and its described overlapping layers 31 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the glass fiber cement mortar wall, toss 3 is the toss that gauze wire cloth and reinforced concrete mortar are made.

Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and toss 3 on every side are to be formed by the netted reinforce 8 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.

(5) specific embodiment

The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.

The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds worn-out mouthful basin-shaped component on every side, and it is characterized in that sidewall 2 is protruding around described has a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with at least a in rib 4, tension rib 5 or the stirrup 6.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for toss, 4 for rib, 5 for tension rib, 6 for stirrup, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 3, is provided with rib 4, tension rib 5 and stirrup 6 in toss 3 simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 7.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, also be provided with carrying part 7 on its described shuttering member, diagram carrying part 7 is handle.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or toss 3 on every side at least one contain reinforce 8, perhaps also protruding have a reinforce 8.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, all contains reinforce 8 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 3 on every side.

Feature of the present invention is also that described toss 3 is protruding a reinforce 8.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, and its described toss 3 is protruding reinforce 8.

Feature of the present invention is that also the reinforce 8 in described upper plate 1, sidewall 2, the toss 3 on every side stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and perhaps 8 of reinforces in each matrix are as an integral body.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and 8 of reinforces around it is described in sidewall 2 and the toss 3 are as same integral body.

Feature of the present invention also is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid of described reinforce 8.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, and its described reinforce 8 is the metal foil band.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 3 on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting 9 or junction box 10 or spool 11 or light trough box 12 or airduct 13 at least one.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, its described upper plate 1 and be respectively arranged with suspender member 9, junction box 10, spool 11, light trough box 12 and airduct 13 on the sidewall 2 on every side.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, arc angle 16, pit 17, groove 18, boss module 19, raised line 20, the external corner 21.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, also is provided with inner corner trim 14, chamfering 15, arc angle 16, pit 17, groove 18, boss module 19, raised line 20 and external corner 21 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.

Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib 22, stiffening rib 23, bracing boom 24 on the described shuttering member or to add at least one of wringing in 25.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, also is provided with reinforcing rib 22, stiffening rib 23, bracing boom 24 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds to wring 25.

Feature of the present invention is that also described at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 3, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with horizontal groove 18 with toss 3 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, its described two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 3, constitute internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 18 with toss 3 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.

Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 26 a spacer draw piece 27.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 3, constitute internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 18 with toss 3 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with a spacer draw piece 27 in its described internal-rib die cavity 26, spacer draw piece 27 is a rod member between diagram.

Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 27 each other, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 27 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 26 between the adjacent shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle, square, polygon, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon, multi sphere limit shape, corrugated or circular.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as the arc angle quadrangle.

Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material 28.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with rib 4 and stirrup 6, the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 28, and diagram light material 28 is an expanded perlite.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member 29.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, also be provided with align member 29 on its described shuttering member, illustrated position member 29 is a locating piece.

Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector 30 connected to one another between the shuttering member.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and its described shuttering member is provided with connector 30 connected to one another between the shuttering member.

Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 3 on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers 31.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5 and stirrup 6, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 31.

Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 31 is light aggregate concrete layer, aerating concrete layer, cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, steel bar concrete layer, plastic plate, plastic foamboard, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, and toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 31, and its described overlapping layers 31 is the light aggregate concrete layer.

Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics, metal crimp template, lightweight concrete, perhaps toss 3 is the toss of cement mortar, concrete, lightweight concrete, polymer concrete, polymer mortar.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with tension rib 5, the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member and on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the glass fiber cement mortar wall, toss 3 is the toss that gauze wire cloth and reinforced concrete mortar are made.

Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or the toss 3 on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 8 superimposed gluings of net form by multilayer.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 3, toss 3 is provided with stirrup 6, and its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and toss 3 on every side are to be formed by the netted reinforce 8 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.

During the invention process, can adopt cement mortar cementitious matter and fiberglass gridding cloth, in mould, make one deck cementitious matter, the layer of glass grid cloth, at least a shuttering member in muscle 4 with ribbing, tension rib 5 or the stirrup 6 in the band toss 3 with layer structure of the multilayer build-up of one deck cementitious matter and the toss 3 again, demoulding maintenance promptly gets shuttering member to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (32)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that sidewall (2) is protruding around described has a toss (3), and toss (3) is provided with at least a in rib (4), tension rib (5) or the stirrup (6).
2, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with carrying part (7).
3, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1, at least one that it is characterized in that described upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or toss (3) on every side contains reinforce (8).
4, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 3 is characterized in that the also protruding reinforce (8) that has.
5, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 3, it is characterized in that reinforce (8) in described upper plate (1), sidewall (2), the toss (3) on every side stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, perhaps the reinforce (8) in each matrix this as an integral body.
6, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 3 is characterized in that at least a in the reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, nonwoven, braid over braid of described reinforce (8).
7, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 3 is characterized in that described reinforce (8) is metal foil band or fibre bundle.
8, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 3 is characterized in that described reinforce (8) is a strap.
9, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 3 is characterized in that described reinforce (8) is porose thin band or fibrous mesh cloth.
10,, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (3) on every side are provided with at least one in suspender member or junction box (10) or spool (11) or light trough box (12) or the airduct (13) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
11,, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (3) on every side are provided with to hang built-in fitting (9) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
12,, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in inner corner trim (14), chamfering (15), arc angle (16), pit (17), groove (18), boss module (19), raised line (20), the external corner (21) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
13,, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member reinforcing rib (22), stiffening rib (23), bracing boom (24) or add at least one of wringing in (25) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
14, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (3), constitute internal-rib die cavity (26) between the adjacent shuttering member.
15,, it is characterized in that on every side sidewall (2) is gone up and toss (3) contact site also is provided with horizontal groove (18) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
16, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 14 is characterized in that being provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity (26) a spacer draw piece (27).
17, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that at least two shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece (27) each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity (26) between the adjacent shuttering member.
18,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as polygon, corrugated or circular according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
19, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 18 is characterized in that polygon is rectangle, square, arc angle polygon, chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.
20,, it is characterized in that the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material (28) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
21,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with align member (29) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
22,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another (30) between the shuttering member according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
23, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, at least one that it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (3) on every side is provided with overlapping layers (31).
24, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 23 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (31) is cement sand bed, Cement fibre layer, cement steel screen layer, cement concrete layer, plastic plate, metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.
25, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 23 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (31) is the light aggregate concrete layer.
26, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 23 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (31) is an aerating concrete layer.
27, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 23 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (31) is the steel bar concrete layer.
28, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 23 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (31) is a plastic foamboard.
29, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre, Cement fibre net, cement steel net, cement gauze wire cloth, concrete plate, bamboo offset plate, wood glue plate, plastics or metal crimp template, perhaps toss (3) is the toss of cement mortar, concrete or polymer mortar.
30, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of lightweight concrete, perhaps toss (3) is the toss of lightweight concrete.
31, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of lightweight concrete, perhaps toss (3) is the toss of polymer concrete.
32,, it is characterized in that in described upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or the toss (3) on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of the reinforce of net (8) forms by multilayer according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 9.
CNB2003101251263A 2003-12-27 2003-12-27 A kind of shuttering member CN100570092C (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNB2003101251263A CN100570092C (en) 2003-12-27 2003-12-27 A kind of shuttering member

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CN100570092C true CN100570092C (en) 2009-12-16

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101486226B (en) * 2009-02-17 2011-11-30 张琦 method for manufacturing shuttering
CN102277916A (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-12-14 湖南华廷筑邦建材有限公司 Cast-in-situ concrete slab

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