CN1401868A - Thin-wall form for filling concrete - Google Patents

Thin-wall form for filling concrete Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1401868A
CN1401868A CN 02144142 CN02144142A CN1401868A CN 1401868 A CN1401868 A CN 1401868A CN 02144142 CN02144142 CN 02144142 CN 02144142 A CN02144142 A CN 02144142A CN 1401868 A CN1401868 A CN 1401868A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mould
thin
sidewall
filling concrete
shell
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CN 02144142
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1216217C (en
Inventor
邱则有
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邱则有
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Priority to CN 02144142 priority Critical patent/CN1216217C/en
Publication of CN1401868A publication Critical patent/CN1401868A/en
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Publication of CN1216217C publication Critical patent/CN1216217C/en
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Abstract

A thin-wall form for filling concrete in it to in-situ pour hollow non-beam floor is composed of top plate and peripheral wall, and is characterized by that at least one of said top plate and peripheral wall contains at least one thin strip for improving its resistance to impact and collision. Its advantages are simple structure and high resistance to deformation and vibration.

Description

A kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, formwork comprises upper plate and side plate on every side, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use in a large number template, accelerate speed of application, shortened the duration, thereby reduced cost.But because the formwork wall thickness in the floor is thinner, easily damaged in carrying and work progress, particularly be subjected to the strike or the collision of various weights and junk, because of insufficient strength, shock resistance is poor, damaged hole, the destruction that causes the formwork wall often occur.Make troubles to construction, increase cost, and the duration is affected.Therefore, develop a kind of novel filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell, have excellent in cushion effect, characteristics such as cracky, easy construction, cost be not low.
Solution of the present invention is to comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, it is characterized in that at upper plate, accompanies at least one thin band at least one in the sidewall on every side.Like this, because at the upper plate of formwork, accompany thin band in the sidewall on every side, the ability of its shock resistance and collision is big, intensity is high, pliability is good, and thin band of Unit Weight and cementitious matter bonding surface are big, and corresponding bond stress is big, when formwork was impacted or collide, the formwork wall was not prone to damaged hole, even the destruction crackle is arranged, because the effect that involves of thin band, do not need to repair yet, do not influence follow-up construction, thereby easy construction, cost is low, thereby has reached purpose of the present invention.Simultaneously, formwork has also that non-deformability is big, anti-vibration ability height, characteristics such as simple in structure, is applicable to be specially adapted to the cast-in-situ concrete hollow arch without beam by space structures such as construction work, road and bridge engineering.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin band is parallel to each other or intersect or form the band net or its combination is provided with, and perhaps simultaneously is provided with one or more layers in cementitious matter.Like this, can be provided with flexibly, conveniently design and produce according to needs actual and design; Simultaneously, if be provided with the multi-layer thin band, then impact resistance is bigger, intensity is higher.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin band is to have hole, seam, groove, sour jujube head, concavo-convex, concavo-convex porose, impression, hair sour jujube, the fiber that exposes shortage, exasperate or their compound bands or be braid over braid, strap, sandwich tape, and thin band bandwidth equates or be unequal.Like this, approach band itself owing to porose, seam, groove etc., thus more firm with formwork wall slip bonding, globality is better, and intensity is higher.Simultaneously because thin band is wide in variety, thereby produce select for use more convenient, cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band is metal tape, organic band or fabric strip.Like this, in producing, designing, can select as required, convenient production, cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in a side, dual-side or the middle part of thin band at least one fin or seam, hole, groove.Like this, with the adhesion strength that increases greatly between thin band and the formwork wall slip, its globality is better, and the ability of shock resistance and collision is stronger.
Feature of the present invention is also on every side that sidewall is following protruding toss, or inwardly contracts re-entrant angle is arranged.Like this, after formwork is applied to superstructure,, then can save the construction template, reduce construction cost if be extended with toss; If interior puncture angle then can form I-shaped Cast-in-place concrete rib, improve the mechanical property of superstructure.Therefore, formwork be designed to toss or in contract re-entrant angle arranged, made things convenient for selecting for use of design and construction unit.
Feature of the present invention also is to have under the sidewall on every side goes to the bottom or the going to the bottom of opening, and goes to the bottom to flush with sidewall on every side or at least one side is extended with bridging piece, also accompanies at least one thin band in perhaps going to the bottom simultaneously.Like this, after the construction of then close rib arch without beam, whole superstructure bottom is a plane if formwork is gone to the bottom, need not furred ceiling, and it is also simpler to construct, thereby cost is relatively low.Simultaneously, if be extended with bridging piece, then the Cast-in-place concrete rib need not template, can save form cost usefulness, further reduces construction cost.If also accompany thin band in going to the bottom, the intensity of then going to the bottom is higher in addition.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate, sidewall or go to the bottom and be layer structure on every side, by the glued bed of material of one deck, one deck fleece or cloth or wire lath, the glued bed of material of one deck again, one deck fleece or cloth or wire lath again, the glued bed of material of one deck again, overlapping gluing like this forms, and fleece or cloth or wire lath are at least more than one deck.Like this, the formwork wall is that layer structure and thin band are compound, and its intensity is higher, and globality is better, and impact resistance is stronger.
Feature of the present invention also is accompanying strength bar between fleece or the fiber layer of cloth or between the thin slice layer or strengthening net or their combination, and strength bar is reinforcing bar or steel wire, and strengthening net is steel mesh reinforcement or gauze wire cloth or expanded metal lath.Like this, the intensity of formwork is higher, and globality is better, and impact resistance is stronger.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate, is provided with stiffening rib or bracing boom or stiffening rib and bracing boom are arranged simultaneously in sidewall and the cavity that surrounds of going to the bottom on every side, stiffening rib is hollow, solid or porose stiffening rib, and bracing boom is hollow, solid or compound bracing boom.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of formwork further improve, simultaneously, stiffening rib or bracing boom can participate in the stressed and power transmission of superstructure, have eliminated the defective that the hollow building cover hollow part does not have primary structure member.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate or sidewall or have on both and reveal bar, reveal rib or reveal bar simultaneously and reveal rib on every side, or reveal muscle simultaneously in addition, reveal net, reveal band or their combination, perhaps go to the bottom and reveal muscle in addition, reveal net, reveal band or their combination.Like this, revealing bar and revealing rib has increased wedge action between formwork and the Cast-in-place concrete, and it is better to make bar or rib participate in the performance of stressed power transmission, if reveal muscle simultaneously in addition or reveal net or reveal band, then can increase the caking property of formwork and Cast-in-place concrete, and its globality is better.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate or on every side sidewall form by little piecemeal assembling combination.Like this, the making of shuttering member is easier, convenient, and cost of production is lower.
Feature of the present invention also be by the formwork that upper plate and sidewall on every side surround be by local upper plate with local around the local piecemeal that is connected as a single entity of sidewall be fixed on stiffening rib and go to the bottom and go up assembling combination and form.Like this, the making of shuttering member is easier, convenient, and cost of production is lower.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin band is arranged between the described little piecemeal or strengthens at least one binding in steel wire or the gauze wire cloth.Like this, the bonding between the little piecemeal better, more firm, the globality of formwork is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to have between the described local piecemeal at least one binding in thin band or enhancing steel wire or the gauze wire cloth.Like this, the bonding between the local piecemeal better, more firm, the globality of formwork is better.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom or stiffening rib at least one in accompany hollow or solid light material.Like this, the weight of formwork is lighter, and thermal and insulating performance is better, make more easy and convenient, especially stiffening rib or go to the bottom in accompany light material, its weight is lighter, it is easier to make.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate or sidewall or hollow hole outwardly open and the band mould that is communicated with of going to the bottom is arranged among both on every side.Like this, Cast-in-place concrete can enter in the hollow hole, and mutual build-in between the formwork, can effectively eliminate the crack between Cast-in-place concrete rib and the formwork, improves the globality and the mechanical property of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in the hole and the reinforcing steel bar or the thin band of going to the bottom and being connected and protruding upward.Like this, the wedge action between Cast-in-place concrete and the formwork is better, and the globality and the mechanical property of superstructure are higher.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate, on every side sidewall, go to the bottom, reinforcing rib arranged in stiffening rib or the bracing boom at least one.Like this, the intensity and the rigidity of formwork are better, and mechanical property is higher.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in stiffening rib, bracing boom or the reinforcing rib at least one at least one thin band.Like this, the intensity of stiffening rib, bracing boom or reinforcing rib is higher, and it is better that formwork participates in the performance of stressed power transmission.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate or sidewall or the two external surface is fluted, pothole, reinforcing rib, projection or its combination on every side, perhaps reveals muscle simultaneously in addition, reveals net, reveals band or its combination.Like this, the build-in between formwork and the Cast-in-place concrete is better, and intensity and globality are higher.
Feature of the present invention also is to fill in sidewall and the cavity that surrounds of going to the bottom at upper plate, on every side or partially filled light material is arranged.Like this, the thermal insulation of formwork, sound insulation value are better.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin-wall mould-shell is provided with pipe or hole or the air chimney or the insulation air chimney of drawing-in wire.Like this, the construction of various pipelines is laid more convenient, and cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and is provided with at least two by upper plate and the formwork that surrounds of sidewall on every side.Like this, it is easier, convenient to construct, and cost is lower.
Feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and is provided with the tension align member that connects lower support element.Like this, the construction of formwork is more convenient, quick, and cost is low.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin-wall mould-shell is provided with the member of carrying usefulness.Like this, the carrying of formwork, the lifting more convenient, more laborsaving.
Feature of the present invention is that also the cementitious matter in the glued bed of material is the composition of portland-type cement, aluminate cement, alkali slag cement or resin glue and above-mentioned cement.Like this, the kind of cementitious matter is more, has made things convenient for design and production to select for use, has reduced cost of production.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in the glued bed of material at least a in rubble, cobble, coarse sand, medium sand, fine sand, flour sand, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite or the haydite.Like this, can increase the intensity of the glued bed of material, reduce the contraction and the cracking of the glued bed of material.
Feature of the present invention also be the part or all of cross section of thin band be L type, V-type, Z type, T type, I type, U type, Type.Like this, because the sectional form of thin band is many, can conveniently design and select for use, reduce cost, simultaneously with production unit, can improve rigidity, bending resistance and the shear behavior of member, be specially adapted to the heavy wall position of member, as stiffening rib, bracing boom, reinforcing rib or position such as go to the bottom, with the thickness of attenuate member, economical with materials reduces cost.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate or on every side sidewall be arc or many arcs.Like this, the mutual wedge action between Cast-in-place concrete and the formwork is better, can eliminate the crack between Cast-in-place concrete rib and the formwork effectively.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one side has fixing or the detachable punch of at least one evagination on the sidewall on every side.Like this,, can save material, reduce construction cost owing to have punch, Cast-in-place concrete rib then to be out of shape truss-like Cast-in-place concrete rib.
Feature of the present invention is that also punch is a light solid or hollow or contain the punch of rod member.Like this, the weight of formwork is lighter, can save material simultaneously, reduces cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also punch is layer structure or the layer structure that accompanies thin band.Like this, the intensity of punch is higher, and stress performance is better.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 are thin band, number identically, its explanation is identical.Among Fig. 1, at upper plate 1, accompany many thin bands 3 in the sidewall 2 on every side.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and its thin band 3 is in upper plate 1 and is arranged in parallel, and is in the sidewall 2 around to intersect to arrange.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and the thin band 3 in its upper plate 1 is respectively the thin band that has sour jujube head and groove, and the thin band in the sidewall 2 is a braid over braid on every side.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and there is fin 4 at the middle part of the thin band 3 in its upper plate 1, and the dual-side of the thin band 3 in the sidewall 2 has groove 5 on every side.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and sidewall 2 is following protruding around it a toss 6.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and sidewall 2 bottoms inwardly contract re-entrant angle 7 is arranged around it.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and sidewall goes to the bottom 82 times around it, goes to the bottom 8 to flush with sidewall 2 on every side, also accompanies many thin bands 3 simultaneously.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and sidewall goes to the bottom 82 times around it, goes to the bottom 8 to stretch out sidewall 2 on every side, and a bridging piece 9 is arranged, and also accompanies many thin bands 3 in it simultaneously.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and it goes to the bottom 8 for layer structure 10.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, between the thin band 3 in its upper plate 1 steel wire strength bar 11 is arranged, and between the thin band 3 in 8 of going to the bottom reinforcing bar strength bar 11 is arranged, and gauze wire cloth strengthens net 12.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, is provided with hollow reinforced bar 15 in its cavity 13.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, the bracing boom 15 that is provided with stiffening rib 14 in its cavity 13 and intersects.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, has on its upper plate 1 to reveal bar 16, and going to the bottom simultaneously 8 has the net 19 of revealing, reveals and be with 20.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and the rib 17 of revealing is arranged on its upper plate 1, and the muscle 18 of revealing is arranged, and gone to the bottom simultaneously dew muscle 18 and dew are with 20.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 form by the 21 assembling combination gluings of 4 little piecemeals respectively.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, its formwork 22 be by 4 by local upper plate 1 with local around the local piecemeals 23 that are connected as a single entity of sidewall 2 be fixed on stiffening rib 14 and go to the bottom that assembling combination forms on 8.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, thin band 3 is arranged between its little piecemeal 21, strengthen steel wire 11 and gauze wire cloth 12 bindings.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, has thin band 3 to link between its local piecemeal 23.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, accompanies foamed plastics light material 24 in its upper plate 1, the stiffening rib 14.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and hollow holes 25 outwardly open and the 8 band moulds that are communicated with of going to the bottom are arranged on its upper plate 1, and its mould also is hollow bracing boom 15 simultaneously.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, has in its hole 25 and 8 reinforcing steel bar 11 or the thin bands 3 that are connected and protrude upward of going to the bottom.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, its upper plate 1 and go to the bottom and reinforcing rib 26 is arranged on 8.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and thin band 3 is arranged in its stiffening rib 14 and the reinforcing rib 26.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and its upper plate 1 and on the sidewall 2 projection 29 is arranged on every side, its base plate have the muscle 18 of revealing.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, its upper plate 1 and on the sidewall 2 reinforcing rib 26 is arranged on every side.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, its upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 is fluted 27 on every side, and the muscle 18 of revealing is arranged, and on the sidewall 2 pothole 28 is arranged on every side, gone to the bottom and revealed net 19.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, is filled with foamed plastics light material 24 in its cavity 13.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, and its formwork is provided with the pipe 30 and the air chimney 31 of drawing-in wire.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, and it is gone to the bottom and 8 is provided with 3 formworks 22.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and it is gone to the bottom draw-ring type tension align member 32 on 8.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and sidewall 2 is provided with the circle formula of the hanging member 33 of carrying usefulness around it.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and its upper plate 1 is an arc.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, and sidewall 2 is provided with detachable punch 34 around it.
Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, and sidewall 2 is respectively arranged with light solid punch 34 and the punch 34 that contains rod member 36 around it.
Figure 35 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 35, and its punch 34 is for accompanying the layer structure 10 of thin band 3.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention comprises upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side as shown in drawings, it is characterized in that at upper plate 1, accompanies at least one thin band 3 at least one in the sidewall 2 on every side.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 is upper plate, 2 be around sidewall, 3 are thin band, number identically, its explanation is identical.Among Fig. 1, at upper plate 1, accompany many thin bands 3 in the sidewall 2 on every side.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin band 3 is parallel to each other or intersect or form the band net or its combination is provided with, and perhaps simultaneously is provided with one or more layers in cementitious matter.Thin band 3 among Fig. 1 is set in parallel in upper plate 1, and it is arranged in a crossed manner to be intersecting parallels in the sidewall around.
Feature of the present invention also is thin band 3 for having hole, seam, groove, sour jujube head, concavo-convex, concavo-convex porose, impression, hair sour jujube, the fiber that exposes shortage, exasperate or their compound bands or being braid over braid, strap, sandwich tape, and thin band 3 bandwidth equate or be unequal.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and the thin band 3 in its upper plate 1 is respectively the thin band that has sour jujube head and groove, and the thin band in the sidewall 2 is a braid over braid on every side.
Feature of the present invention is that also described thin band 3 is metal tape, organic band or fabric strip.Thin band 3 in Fig. 3 upper plate is a metal tape, and the thin band in the sidewall 23 is organic braid over braid on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in a side, dual-side or the middle part of thin band 3 at least one fin 4 or seam, hole, groove 5.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, and there is fin 4 at the middle part of the thin band 3 in its upper plate 1, and the dual-side of the thin band 3 in the sidewall 2 has groove 5 on every side.
Feature of the present invention is also on every side that sidewall 2 is following protruding toss 6, or inwardly contracts re-entrant angle 7 is arranged.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, and sidewall 2 is following protruding around it a toss 6.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and sidewall 2 bottoms inwardly contract re-entrant angle 7 is arranged around it.
Feature of the present invention also be sidewall on every side have for 2 times go to the bottom or opening go to the bottom 8, going to the bottom 8 flushes with sidewall 2 on every side or at least one side is extended with bridging piece 9, perhaps goes to the bottom also to accompany at least one thin band 3 simultaneously in 8.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and sidewall goes to the bottom 82 times around it, goes to the bottom 8 to flush with sidewall on every side, also accompanies many thin bands 3 simultaneously.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and sidewall goes to the bottom 82 times around it, goes to the bottom 8 to stretch out sidewall on every side, and a bridging piece 9 is arranged, and also accompanies many thin bands 3 in it simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1, sidewall 2 or go to the bottom 8 for layer structure 10 on every side, by the glued bed of material of one deck, one deck fleece or cloth or wire lath, the glued bed of material of one deck again, one deck fleece or cloth or wire lath again, the glued bed of material of one deck again, overlapping gluing like this forms, and fleece or cloth or wire lath are at least more than one deck.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and it goes to the bottom 8 for layer structure 10.
Feature of the present invention also is accompanying strength bar 11 between fleece or the fiber layer of cloth or between 3 layers of the thin bands or strengthening net 12 or their combination, and strength bar 11 be reinforcing bar or steel wire, and enhancing net 12 is steel mesh reinforcement or gauze wire cloth or expanded metal lath.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, between the thin band 3 in its upper plate 1 steel wire strength bar 11 is arranged, and between the thin band 3 in 8 of going to the bottom reinforcing bar strength bar 11 is arranged, and gauze wire cloth strengthens net 12.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate 1, is provided with stiffening rib 14 or bracing boom 15 or stiffening rib 14 is arranged simultaneously and bracing boom 15 in sidewall 2 and 8 cavitys that surround 13 of going to the bottom on every side, stiffening rib 14 is hollow, solid or porose stiffening rib, and bracing boom 15 is hollow, solid or compound bracing boom.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, is provided with hollow reinforced bar 15 in its cavity 13.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, the bracing boom 15 that is provided with stiffening rib 14 in its cavity 13 and intersects.
Feature of the present invention also is at upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or have on both and reveal bar 16, reveal rib 17 or reveal bar 16 simultaneously and reveal rib 17 on every side, or reveal muscle 18 simultaneously in addition, reveal net 19, reveal with 20 or their combination, perhaps go to the bottom and 8 reveal muscle 18 in addition, reveal net 19, reveal with 20 or their combination.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, has on its upper plate 1 to reveal bar 16, and going to the bottom simultaneously 8 has the net 19 of revealing, reveals and be with 20.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and the rib 17 of revealing is arranged on its upper plate 1, and the muscle 18 of revealing is arranged, and gone to the bottom simultaneously dew muscle 18 and dew are with 20.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate 1 or on every side sidewall 2 form by little piecemeal 21 assembling combination.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, its upper plate 1 and on every side sidewall 2 form by the 21 assembling combination gluings of 4 little piecemeals respectively.
Feature of the present invention also be by the formwork 22 that upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 on every side surround be by local upper plate 1 with local around the local piecemeal 23 that is connected as a single entity of sidewall 2 be fixed on stiffening rib 14 and go to the bottom that assembling combination forms on 8.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, its formwork 22 be by 4 by local upper plate 1 with local around the local piecemeals 23 that are connected as a single entity of sidewall 2 be fixed on stiffening rib 14 and go to the bottom that assembling combination forms on 8.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin band 3 is arranged between the described little piecemeal 21 or strengthens at least one binding in steel wire 11 or the gauze wire cloth 12.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, thin band 3 is arranged between its little piecemeal 21, strengthen steel wire 11 and gauze wire cloth 12 bindings.
Feature of the present invention also is to have between the described local piecemeal 23 at least one binding in thin band 3 or enhancing steel wire 11 or the gauze wire cloth 12.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, has thin band 3 to link between its local piecemeal 23.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 8 or stiffening rib 14 at least one in accompany hollow or solid light material 24.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, accompanies foamed plastics light material 24 in its upper plate 1, the stiffening rib 14.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or hollow holes 25 outwardly open and the 8 band moulds that are communicated with of going to the bottom are arranged among both on every side.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and hollow holes 25 outwardly open and the 8 band moulds that are communicated with of going to the bottom are arranged on its upper plate 1, and its mould also is hollow bracing boom 15 simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in the hole 25 and 8 reinforcing steel bar 11 or the thin bands 3 that are connected and protrude upward of going to the bottom.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, has in its hole 25 and 8 reinforcing steel bar 11 or the thin bands 3 that are connected and protrude upward of going to the bottom.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate 1, on every side sidewall 2, go to the bottom 8, reinforcing rib 26 arranged in stiffening rib 14 or the bracing boom 15 at least one.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, its upper plate 1 and go to the bottom and reinforcing rib 26 is arranged on 8.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in stiffening rib 14, bracing boom 15 or the reinforcing rib 26 at least one at least one thin band 3.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and thin band 3 is arranged in its stiffening rib 14 and the reinforcing rib 26.
Feature of the present invention also is upper plate 1 or fluted 27, the pothole 28 of sidewall 2 or the two external surface, reinforcing rib 26, projection 29 or its combination on every side, perhaps reveals muscle 18 simultaneously in addition, reveals net 19, reveals and be with 20 or its combination.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and its upper plate 1 and on the sidewall 2 projection 29 is arranged on every side, its base plate have the muscle 18 of revealing.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25, its upper plate 1 and on the sidewall 2 reinforcing rib 26 is arranged on every side.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, its upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 is fluted 27 on every side, and the muscle 18 of revealing is arranged, and on the sidewall 2 pothole 28 is arranged on every side, gone to the bottom and revealed net 19.
Feature of the present invention also is to fill in sidewall 2 and 8 cavitys that surround 13 of going to the bottom at upper plate 1, on every side or partially filled light material 24 is arranged.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, is filled with foamed plastics light material 24 in its cavity 13.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin-wall mould-shell is provided with pipe or hole 30 or the air chimney or the insulation air chimney 31 of drawing-in wire.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28, and its formwork is provided with the pipe 30 and the air chimney 31 of drawing-in wire.
Feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and 8 is provided with at least two by upper plate 1 and the formwork 22 that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29, and it is gone to the bottom and 8 is provided with 3 formworks 22.
Feature of the present invention also is to go to the bottom and 8 is provided with the tension align member 32 that connects lower support element.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and it is gone to the bottom draw-ring type tension align member 32 on 8.
Feature of the present invention is that also thin-wall mould-shell is provided with the member 33 of carrying usefulness.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and sidewall 2 is provided with the circle formula of the hanging member 33 of carrying usefulness around it.
Feature of the present invention is that also the cementitious matter in the glued bed of material is the composition of portland-type cement, aluminate cement, alkali slag cement or resin glue and above-mentioned cement.
Feature of the present invention also is to have in the glued bed of material at least a in rubble, cobble, coarse sand, medium sand, fine sand, flour sand, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite or the haydite.
Feature of the present invention also be the part or all of cross section of thin band 3 be L type, V-type, Z type, T type, I type, U type, Type.
Feature of the present invention also be upper plate 1 or on every side sidewall 2 be arc or many arcs.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and its upper plate 1 is an arc.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least one side has fixing or detachable punch 34 of at least one evagination on the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, and sidewall 2 is provided with detachable punch 34 around it.
Feature of the present invention is that also punch 34 is light solid or hollow or contain the punch of rod member 35.Figure 34 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 34, and sidewall 2 is respectively arranged with light solid punch 34 and the punch 34 that contains rod member 35 around it.
Feature of the present invention is that also punch 34 is layer structure 10 or the layer structure 10 that accompanies thin band 3.Figure 35 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 35, and its punch 34 is for accompanying the layer structure 10 of thin band 3.
During the invention process, can be made into the upper plate that has in the layer structure 10 the thin band 3 of folder and the formwork 22 that surrounds of sidewall 2 on every side, get final product finished product.Perhaps make steel bar concrete again and go to the bottom 8, going to the bottom 8 not during setting and harden, above-mentioned formwork 22 8 is bonded to integral body with going to the bottom, the maintenance moulding of sclerosis back promptly gets with the finished product of going to the bottom.

Claims (34)

1, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell comprises upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), accompanies at least one thin band (3) at least one in the sidewall (2) on every side.
2, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 1 is characterized in that thin band (3) is parallel to each other or intersect or form the band net or its combination is provided with, and perhaps simultaneously is provided with one or more layers in cementitious matter.
3, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells, it is characterized in that thin band (3) for having hole, seam, groove, sour jujube head, concavo-convex, concavo-convex porose, impression, hair sour jujube, the fiber that exposes shortage, exasperate or their compound bands or being braid over braid, strap, sandwich tape, thin band (3) bandwidth equates or is unequal.
4, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 3 is characterized in that described thin band (3) is metal tape, organic band or fabric strip.
5,, it is characterized in that having at least one in a side, dual-side or the middle part of thin band (3) fin (4) or seam, hole, groove (5) according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells.
6, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells, it is characterized in that on every side that sidewall (2) is following protruding has toss (6), or inwardly contracts re-entrant angle (7) is arranged.
7, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells, it is characterized in that having under the sidewall (2) on every side and go to the bottom or go to the bottom (8) of opening, go to the bottom (8) flush with sidewall (2) on every side or at least one side is extended with bridging piece (9), also accompany at least one thin band (3) in perhaps go to the bottom (8) simultaneously.
8, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 7, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), sidewall (2) or go to the bottom (8) are for layer structure (10) on every side, by the glued bed of material of one deck, one deck fleece or cloth or wire lath, the glued bed of material of one deck, one deck fleece or cloth or wire lath, the glued bed of material of one deck more again, overlapping gluing like this forms, and fleece or cloth or wire lath are at least more than one deck.
9, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 8, it is characterized in that accompanying strength bar (11) between fleece or the fiber layer of cloth or between thin band (3) layer or strengthening net (12) or their combination, strength bar (11) is reinforcing bar or steel wire, and strengthening net (12) is steel mesh reinforcement or gauze wire cloth or expanded metal lath.
10, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 7, be provided with stiffening rib (14) or bracing boom (15) or stiffening rib (14) arranged simultaneously and bracing boom (15) in the cavity (13) that it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), sidewall (2) and go to the bottom (8) surrounds on every side, stiffening rib (14) is hollow, solid or porose stiffening rib, and bracing boom (15) is hollow, solid or compound bracing boom.
11, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 10, it is characterized in that at upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or dew bar (16) is arranged on both, reveal rib (17) or reveal bar (16) simultaneously and dew rib (17) on every side, or reveal muscle (18), dew net (19), dew band (20) or their combination simultaneously in addition, perhaps go to the bottom (8) are revealed muscle (18) in addition, reveal net (19), are revealed and be with (20) or their combination.
12, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 10, it is characterized in that upper plate (1) or on every side sidewall (2) form by little piecemeal (21) assembling combination.
13, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 10, it is characterized in that by the formwork (22) that upper plate (1) and sidewall (2) on every side surround be by local upper plate (1) with local around the local piecemeal (23) that is connected as a single entity of sidewall (2) be fixed on stiffening rib (14) and go to the bottom (8) upward assembling combination form.
14, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 12 is characterized in that thin band (3) is arranged between the described little piecemeal (21) or strengthens at least one binding in steel wire (11) or the gauze wire cloth (12).
15, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 13 is characterized in that having between the described local piecemeal (23) at least one binding in thin band (3) or enhancing steel wire (11) or the gauze wire cloth (12).
16, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 10, it is characterized in that upper plate (1), on every side sidewall (2), go to the bottom (8) or stiffening rib (4) at least one in accompany hollow or solid light material (24).
17, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 10 is characterized in that upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or the hollow hole (25) of the outwardly open band mould that is communicated with go to the bottom (8) is arranged among both on every side.
18, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 17 is characterized in that having in the hole (25) reinforcing steel bar (11) or the thin band (3) that are connected and protrude upward with go to the bottom (8).
19, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 10 is characterized in that at upper plate (1), at least one in sidewall (2), go to the bottom (8), stiffening rib (14) or the bracing boom (15) reinforcing rib (26) is arranged on every side.
20, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 19 is characterized in that having at least one in stiffening rib (14), bracing boom (15) or the reinforcing rib (26) at least one thin band (3).
21, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 20, it is characterized in that upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or the two external surface fluted (27), pothole (28), reinforcing rib (26), projection (29) or its combination on every side, perhaps reveal muscle (18) simultaneously in addition, reveal net (19), reveal band (20) or its combination.
22, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 7 is filled in the cavity (13) that it is characterized in that at upper plate (1), sidewall (2) and go to the bottom (8) surrounds on every side or partially filled light material (24) is arranged.
23, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 7 is characterized in that thin-wall mould-shell is provided with pipe or hole (30) or the air chimney or the insulation air chimney (31) of drawing-in wire.
24, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 7, it is characterized in that going to the bottom (8) are provided with at least two by upper plate (1) and the formwork (22) that surrounds of sidewall (2) on every side.
25, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 7, it is characterized in that going to the bottom (8) are provided with the tension align member (32) that connects lower support element.
26, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 7 is characterized in that thin-wall mould-shell is provided with the member (33) of carrying usefulness.
27, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 8 is characterized in that the cementitious matter in the glued bed of material is the composition of portland-type cement, aluminate cement, alkali slag cement or resin glue and above-mentioned cement.
28, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 8 is characterized in that having in the glued bed of material at least a in rubble, cobble, coarse sand, medium sand, fine sand, flour sand, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite or the haydite.
29, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells, the part or all of cross section that it is characterized in that thin band (3) be L type, V-type, Z type, T type, I type, U type, Type.
30, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells, it is characterized in that upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or the two external surface fluted (27), pothole (28), reinforcing rib (26), projection (29) or its combination on every side, perhaps reveal muscle (18) simultaneously in addition, reveal net (19), reveal band (20) or its combination.
31, according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells, it is characterized in that upper plate (1) or on every side sidewall (2) be arc or many arcs.
32,, it is characterized in that at least one side has fixing or detachable punch (34) of at least one evagination on the sidewall (2) on every side according to claim 1 or 2 described a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shells.
33, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 32 is characterized in that punch (34) is light solid or hollow or contain the punch of rod member (35).
34, a kind of filling concrete thin-wall mould-shell according to claim 32 is characterized in that punch (34) is layer structure (10) or the layer structure (10) that accompanies thin band (3).
CN 02144142 2002-10-05 2002-10-05 Thin-wall form for filling concrete CN1216217C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02144142 CN1216217C (en) 2002-10-05 2002-10-05 Thin-wall form for filling concrete

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 02144142 CN1216217C (en) 2002-10-05 2002-10-05 Thin-wall form for filling concrete

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CN1401868A true CN1401868A (en) 2003-03-12
CN1216217C CN1216217C (en) 2005-08-24

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CN1995626B (en) * 2003-12-09 2010-09-01 邱则有 Cavity shuttering component for filling concrete
CN100999922B (en) * 2003-12-09 2010-05-19 邱则有 Hollow form unit for concrete filling
CN1991025B (en) * 2003-12-09 2010-09-01 邱则有 Cavity form component for concrete filling
CN1991049B (en) * 2003-12-09 2011-03-02 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cavity form component for concrete filling
CN100356021C (en) * 2003-12-15 2007-12-19 邱则有 A shuttering member
CN100396873C (en) * 2003-12-15 2008-06-25 邱则有 A shuttering member
CN101333835B (en) * 2004-01-06 2012-07-04 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Composite reinforcing steel bar concrete hollow floor slab
CN100449073C (en) * 2004-01-06 2009-01-07 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100363567C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-01-23 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100449072C (en) * 2004-01-06 2009-01-07 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100449071C (en) * 2004-01-06 2009-01-07 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100424291C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-10-08 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100370092C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-02-20 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100424290C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-10-08 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100458051C (en) * 2004-01-06 2009-02-04 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100408773C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-08-06 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floor slab
CN100408774C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-08-06 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100370093C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-02-20 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100363568C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-01-23 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100373021C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-03-05 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN100373022C (en) * 2004-01-06 2008-03-05 邱则有 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floorslab
CN101418606B (en) * 2004-01-06 2012-07-04 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Combined reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN101338601B (en) * 2004-05-25 2013-04-03 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Formwork component
CN101324141B (en) * 2004-09-02 2013-01-02 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Hollow carcass for cast-in-situ concrete filling
CN101372853B (en) * 2004-09-02 2013-05-01 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Hollow carcass for filling cast-in-situ concrete
CN101311474B (en) * 2004-09-02 2011-08-03 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Hollow mold for filling cast-in-place concrete
CN101196035B (en) * 2005-06-06 2011-04-27 湖南邱则有专利战略策划有限公司 Cast-in-situ concrete hollow slab
CN1974995B (en) * 2005-08-14 2010-11-03 邱则有 Shuttering member
CN1959015B (en) * 2005-08-18 2010-09-01 邱则有 Shuttering component
CN101025008B (en) * 2006-02-25 2010-09-01 邱则有 Cast-in-situ hollow board
CN111519217A (en) * 2020-05-07 2020-08-11 吉林大学 Slush molding die and reinforcement treatment method and application thereof

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