CN101333835B - Composite reinforcing steel bar concrete hollow floor slab - Google Patents

Composite reinforcing steel bar concrete hollow floor slab Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101333835B
CN101333835B CN2008101361891A CN200810136189A CN101333835B CN 101333835 B CN101333835 B CN 101333835B CN 2008101361891 A CN2008101361891 A CN 2008101361891A CN 200810136189 A CN200810136189 A CN 200810136189A CN 101333835 B CN101333835 B CN 101333835B
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formwork
cast
plate
prefabricated
rib
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CN101333835A (en
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邱则有
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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Abstract

Disclosed is a combined reinforced concrete hollow floor which comprises preformed thin plates (1), mould shells (2), concealed ribs (3) and upper plates (4); the mould shells (2) are fixed on the preformed thin plates (1); the concealed ribs (3) are arranged between the adjacent preformed thin plates (1) or the adjacent mould shells (2); the upper plates (4) are covered on the mould shells (2) and connected with the concealed ribs (3) to a whole; the combined reinforced concrete hollow floor is characterized in that the mould shells (2) form a closed mould shell component; the cast-in-place concrete concealed ribs (3) are cast-in-place concrete concealed ribs with truss rod pieces; in the floor construction process, the cast-in-place concrete is uneasy to enter the mould shell so that the material consumption of the construction materials is less; the hollow ratio of the floor is high; correspondingly, the cost of the floor is low; the weight is light; the anti-vibration property is good; the combined reinforced concrete hollow floor has the advantages of simple structure, high intensity, deformation resistance, good anti-vibration property, convenient construction and high construction efficiency. The combined reinforced concrete hollow floor is applicable to various hollow floors, house covers, wall bodies, foundation plates and hollow bridges made of the cast-in-place reinforced concrete or pre-stressed reinforced concrete, in particular to the hollow girderless floor or ribbed floors.

Description

A kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling
The application for the applying date be that January 6, application number in 2004 are 200410002340.4, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present; This floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only uses cement mortar blind; Thereby not only globality is poor; Be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, and it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate interval horizontal positioned; On prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork; And connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs a large amount of templates of using, and has accelerated speed of application; Shorten the duration, thereby reduced cost.But the formwork in this floor is when construction, and Cast-in-place concrete is prone to get in the formwork, and the construction material loss is big, influences the hollow rate of floor, and the cost of corresponding floor is high, weight is big.Therefore, develop a kind of novel combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling, have characteristics such as cost is low, in light weight, anti-seismic performance is good.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology; Comprise prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork; Upper plate covers on the formwork; And connect as one with dark rib, it is characterized in that the shuttering member of described formwork, the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib band truss member for sealing.Like this, because formwork is the shuttering member of sealing, thereby during floor slab construction; Cast-in-place concrete is difficult for getting in the formwork, and the construction material loss is little, and the floor hollow rate is big; The cost of corresponding floor is low, in light weight, anti-seismic performance is good; Simultaneously, characteristics such as that floor also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, anti-vibration performance are good, easy construction, efficiency of construction height, thus reached the object of the invention; The various hollow building covers, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and close rib building roof and use.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork is the enclosed cavity shuttering member.Like this,, when it is applied in the floor, have very excellent sealing performance, build at concrete that concrete can not get in the formwork in the process, simultaneously, improved the hollow rate of floor greatly, help reducing the floor own wt when formwork is the sealed hollow shuttering member.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork is solid formwork.Like this, in work progress,, can rationally select above-mentioned formwork for use, make things convenient for the needs of practical application according to the different functions of use and the designing requirement of floor.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described solid formwork is a solid formwork of filling out light material in the duricrust.Like this, improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process, reduced construction cost.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to contain reinforce at least one of described prefabricated plate or formwork.Reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Like this, contain above-mentioned reinforce in prefabricated plate or the formwork, improved their strength and stiffness greatly, corresponding intensity and the rigidity that has improved floor.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described reinforce exposes outside prefabricated plate or the formwork, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.Like this; Reinforce that exposes on prefabricated plate or the formwork and Cast-in-place concrete anchoring combine to have formed integral body with prefabricated plate or formwork after combining with Cast-in-place concrete, improved the adhesion stress between Cast-in-place concrete and prefabricated plate or the formwork greatly; More be difficult for each other producing the crack, the globality of floor is better.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it, stretches out outside the formwork, and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib.Like this, prefabricated plate has played the effect of construction formwork fully, greatly reduces the proportion of goods damageds of template; Practiced thrift material, template is installed and the dismounting operation because of saving simultaneously, has reduced labour cost significantly; Further reduced the construction cost of floor, made floor more economic and practical.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described prefabricated plate stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib.Like this, prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete are firmly combined, floor is caused in the bigger distortion receiving big impact, can not cause prefabricated plate to separate to come off or ftracture, improved the security reliability and the globality of floor greatly through reinforce.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork and the contacted position of prefabricated plate are inner corner trim, constitutes ring end groove with prefabricated plate, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, in the inner cavity of formwork, there is the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing member that floor is strengthened reinforcing, strengthened the supporting capacity of stressed weak part in the floor greatly, make it to have stronger shock resistance destruction and resistance to compression damage capability.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is littler than the formwork of fixing on it, in the formwork bottom surface, contracts, and has formed inner corner trim, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this, Cast-in-place concrete has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped after pouring in the described horizontal inner corner trim; Have advantages such as intensity height, rigidity is big, fracture resistance is good; Simultaneously, also formwork and prefabricated plate firmly are mounted in the Cast-in-place concrete, have improved the overall performance and the combination property of floor.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the reinforce in the described prefabricated plate stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Like this; Reinforce in the prefabricated plate stretches in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped after the anchoring; Strengthened the bonding force between prefabricated plate and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly; The situation that significantly reduced prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete mating face cracking, comes off takes place, and makes that the structure of floor is more reasonable, and the overall performance of floor is better.
Characteristic of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described formwork groove, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib or shearing pier in groove.Like this, the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib has been strengthened Cast-in-place concrete upper plate or the intensity and the rigidity of dark rib in the floor, makes the floor have better resistance to compression, tension, shock resistance and anti-shearing damage capability, has improved the combination property of floor greatly.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the groove on the described formwork is vertical groove, and at least two formworks are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has each other then become the shearing pier that forms by in the vertical groove of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork.Like this, be close to arrangement each other between the formwork after, increased substantially the hollow rate of floor; Reduced the consumption of Cast-in-place concrete; Reduced material cost, simultaneously, cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has been become the shearing pier structure of drawknot Cast-in-place concrete upper plate and prefabricated plate; Help improving the shear resistance of floor, make floor have higher cost performance.
Anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier that characteristic of the present invention also is have reinforce to stretch on the described prefabricated plate and forms in the vertical groove.Like this; After reinforce on the prefabricated plate stretches into the interior anchoring of the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier that forms in the vertical groove; Strengthened the bonding force between prefabricated plate and the Cast-in-place concrete greatly; The situation that significantly reduced prefabricated plate and Cast-in-place concrete mating face cracking, comes off takes place, and makes that the structure of floor is more reasonable.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also other rotation angle position of described formwork also is provided with inner corner trim, chamfering or arc angle, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib at inner corner trim, chamfering or position, arc angle place.Like this, in the inner cavity of formwork, there is the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing member that floor is strengthened reinforcing, strengthened the supporting capacity of stressed weak part in the floor greatly, make it to have stronger shock resistance destruction and resistance to compression damage capability.
Characteristic of the present invention also is pertusate die cavity also is set on the described formwork, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed the Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece in hole.Like this, in the inner cavity of formwork, there is the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing member that floor is strengthened reinforcing, strengthened the supporting capacity of stressed weak part in the floor greatly, make it to have stronger shock resistance destruction and resistance to compression damage capability.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork also is provided with reinforcing rib, bracing boom, stiffening rib or adds at least one in wringing.Like this; After cassette ceiling is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor; Reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, the bracing boom that is provided with in the formwork or add and wring and can form cast-in-place and the prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete optimized the force structure system of hollow cast slab inside.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the side of described formwork is extended with the convex module, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.Like this, on cast-in-place concrete hidden rib, formed rod member and made it become the dark rib of truss-like, made dark rib under the prerequisite of increasing section area not, increased substantially resistance to compression, shear strength, improved the supporting capacity of floor, made its combination property better.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with reinforcing rib.Like this, improved intensity, rigidity and the shock resistance damage capability of prefabricated plate greatly, made it not fragile, improved the total quality of floor building in the process of floor.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with at least one in suspender member, junction box, light trough box, spool, fire-fighting spraying head or the water pipe.Like this, after formwork is applied in the floor, because the setting in advance of suspender member or junction box or light trough box or spool or fire-fighting spraying head or water pipe; Made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; Simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate is provided with the air-conditioning air grille, has air conditioning wind pipe to be attached thereto in the floor.Like this, place floor inner air conditioning wind pipe, reduced air conditioning wind pipe and taken architectural space, increased effective usage space of building, under square one, reduced the height of building, make floor reasonable more economically.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with connector between described formwork and the prefabricated plate, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Connector is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch etc.Like this, when hollow cast slab was constructed, connector can be controlled the distance between the formwork effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help formwork connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also in described prefabricated plate and the formwork at least one is provided with carrier.Like this, can very easily prefabricated plate or formwork be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
It is two or more that characteristic of the present invention is that also the same prefabricated plate of described formwork is provided with, and is close to each other to arrange or the arrangement of alternate certain distance.Like this; The same prefabricated plate of formwork is provided with two or more, has accelerated the laying speed of shuttering member greatly, has improved efficiency of construction; Reduced construction cost; Simultaneously, also make the inner shuttering member of floor lay normative and reasonable more, strengthened in work progress controllability the floor pouring quality.
Characteristic of the present invention also is described prefabricated plate or formwork self or is arranged in a linear each other or is staggered.Like this; Difference through prefabricated plate or formwork is arranged the laying mode; Formed the inside Cast-in-place concrete load-carrying construction parts of various different structure forms, can fully satisfy the various different instructions for uses of floor, thereby made that the stressed force transferring structure mode of floor is more reasonable.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with the stationary positioned member at least one of described prefabricated plate or formwork.The stationary positioned member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, when cassette ceiling is constructed, can accurately locate, prevent that cassette ceiling phenomenon such as each member dislocation or come-up when building concrete from producing, and guaranteed the pouring quality of superstructure effectively members such as formwork in the cassette ceiling or reinforcing bars.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with between described at least two formworks a spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, the cassette ceiling construction is laid more convenient, and a spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece.After formwork installs, if active interval support draw piece can reclaim secondary with the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece and use; Reduce the cost of production of cassette ceiling, simultaneously, behind the dismantling bay spacer draw piece; Reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar at least one in described dark rib, the upper plate.Like this, in dark rib in the floor or the upper plate presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar are set after, the supporting capacity of floor has obtained increasing substantially, particularly presstressed reinforcing steel is set after, make floor become prestressed cored slab, its combination property is more superior than common cast-in-place hollow slab.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with between the described formwork dark beam or bright beam.Like this; The Stress Transfer that the dark beam that is provided with between the formwork or bright beam produce in the time of can be with the floor bearing load is to structural column; Play the effect of concentrated power transmission, also played that structural column or wall are linked as whole effect simultaneously, increased substantially the combination property of floor.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar at least one of described dark beam or bright beam.Like this, in dark beam or bright beam, presstressed reinforcing steel or reinforcing bar are set after, intensity, rigidity, resistance to compression, the shear resistance of dark beam or bright beam all obtained significantly strengthening, and also improved the supporting capacity of floor simultaneously greatly.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described presstressed reinforcing steel is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.Like this, adopt prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire, have material and be easy to get as presstressed reinforcing steel, characteristics such as cost is low, easy to utilize.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described reinforcing bar is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.Like this, when reinforcing bar is above-mentioned shaped steel and after Cast-in-place concrete combines, have good intensity and rigidity, improved the supporting capacity of cassette ceiling greatly.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar is the C type; The L type; type; The U type; type; type.Like this, when the cold-rolled forming section bone is above-mentioned shape, have selection conveniently, simultaneously, answer the demands of different of design and construction, but the above-mentioned shaped steel of choose reasonable is to satisfy the demand.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be prefabricated plate, 2 for formwork, 3 for dark rib, 4 for upper plate, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and its described formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is from as the closed cavity mold mould component.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is solid formwork.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is for filling out the solid formwork of light material 5 in the duricrust.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 contains reinforce 6 for the shuttering member of sealing in its described formwork 2.Diagram reinforce 6 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Contain reinforce 6 in the formwork 2, its described reinforce 6 exposes outside the formwork 2, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2; And be close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 6 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 7 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 8 with prefabricated plate 1, pours into the superimposed dark rib 3 that has formed inverted T-shaped behind the concrete.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, contracts; Form inner corner trim 7, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, contracts; Formed inner corner trim 7; Formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete, be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 6 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with groove 9 on its described formwork 2, in groove 9, formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 behind the Cast-in-place concrete.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; Formwork 2 also is provided with groove 9 for the shuttering member of sealing on the formwork 2, its described groove 9 is vertical groove; A plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with vertical groove 9 on the formwork 2, have reinforce 6 to stretch into the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 11 interior anchorings of formation in the vertical groove 9 on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and other rotation angle position of its described formwork 2 also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and arc angle 13 simultaneously, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 at inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and position, arc angle 13 place.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with the die cavity that forms hole 14 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 15 in hole 14.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 10, bracing boom 16, stiffening rib 17 simultaneously and adds and wring 18 for the shuttering member of sealing on its described formwork 2.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; The side of its described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 19, pours into the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 that has formed the band truss member behind the concrete.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 10 for the shuttering member of sealing on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 also is provided with suspender member 20, junction box 21, light trough box 22, spool 23, fire-fighting spraying head 24 and water pipe 25 for the shuttering member of sealing on its described prefabricated plate 1 simultaneously.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 26, simultaneously, also is provided with air conditioning wind pipe 27 in the floor and is attached thereto.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Be provided with connector 28 between its described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Diagram connector 28 is welded to connect for weldment.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 is provided with carrier 29, and diagram carrier 29 is handle.
Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with a plurality of, are close to each other to arrange to be provided with.
Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, its described prefabricated plate 1 and the formwork 2 self and the setting that is arranged in a linear each other.
Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 is provided with stationary positioned member 30, and illustrated position member 30 is a locating piece.
Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Be provided with a spacer draw piece 31 between its described adjacent formwork 2, spacer draw piece 31 is a rod member between diagram.
Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, is respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark rib 3.
Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, also is provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between its described formwork 2.
Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, also be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.
Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, dark beam 34 is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 with bright beam 35, and its described presstressed reinforcing steel 32 is a prestressed reinforcement.
Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, simultaneously, also be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.Its described reinforcing bar 33 is an i shaped steel.
Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, simultaneously, also be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.Its described reinforcing bar 33 is a U type cold-rolled forming section.
(5) specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment the present invention is further described.
The present invention is shown in accompanying drawing; Comprise prefabricated plate 1, formwork 2, dark rib 3, upper plate 4, on prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 or the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, it is characterized in that the shuttering member of described formwork 2, the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 band truss members for sealing.Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be prefabricated plate, 2 for formwork, 3 for dark rib, 4 for upper plate, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and its described formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing.Shown in figure 18, the side of its described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 19, pours into the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 that has formed the band truss member behind the concrete.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 is the enclosed cavity shuttering member.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is from as the closed cavity mold mould component.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 is solid formwork.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is solid formwork.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described solid formwork 2 is for filling out the solid formwork of light material 5 in the duricrust.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, its described formwork 2 is for filling out the solid formwork of light material 5 in the duricrust.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to contain reinforce 6 at least one of described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2.Reinforce 6 is at least a in reinforcing bar, steel wire, steel mesh reinforcement, gauze wire cloth, fiber, fibre bundle, fibrous mesh cloth, nonwoven, metal foil band, porose thin band, strap, the braid over braid etc.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 contains reinforce 6 for the shuttering member of sealing in its described formwork 2.Diagram reinforce 6 is a fibrous mesh cloth.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described reinforce 6 exposes outside prefabricated plate 1 or the formwork 2, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Contain reinforce 6 in the formwork 2, its described reinforce 6 exposes outside the formwork 2, and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2, and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib 3.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it 2, stretches out outside the formwork 2; And be close to setting each other, become the superimposed template of dark rib 3.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the reinforce 6 in the described prefabricated plate 1 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 6 stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 7 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 8 with prefabricated plate 1, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 is an inner corner trim 7 with prefabricated plate 1 contacted position, constitutes ring end groove 8 with prefabricated plate 1, pours into the superimposed dark rib 3 that has formed inverted T-shaped behind the concrete.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, contracts, and has formed inner corner trim 7, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and its described prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, contracts; Form inner corner trim 7, formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the reinforce 6 in the described prefabricated plate 1 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and prefabricated plate 1 is littler than the formwork of fixing on it 2, in formwork 2 bottom surfaces, contracts; Formed inner corner trim 7; Formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped after pouring into concrete, be provided with reinforce 6 in the prefabricated plate 1, its described reinforce 6 stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 of inverted T-shaped.
Characteristic of the present invention also is also to be provided with groove 9 on the described formwork 2, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 or shearing pier 11 in groove 9.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with groove 9 on its described formwork 2, in groove 9, formed Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 behind the Cast-in-place concrete.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the groove 9 on the described formwork 2 is vertical groove, and at least two formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and 3 of cast-in-place concrete hidden ribs have each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; Formwork 2 also is provided with groove 9 for the shuttering member of sealing on the formwork 2, its described groove 9 is vertical groove; A plurality of formworks 2 are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has each other become the shearing pier 11 that forms by in the vertical groove 9 of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork 2.
Anchorings in the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 11 that characteristic of the present invention also is to have reinforce 6 to stretch into formation in the vertical groove 9 on the described prefabricated plate 1.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with vertical groove 9 on the formwork 2, have reinforce 6 to stretch into the Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier 11 interior anchorings of formation in the vertical groove 9 on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also other rotation angle position of described formwork 2 also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 or arc angle 13, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 at inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 or position, arc angle 13 place.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with; On prefabricated plate 1, be fixed with formwork 2, be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, and other rotation angle position of its described formwork 2 also is provided with inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and arc angle 13 simultaneously, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib 10 at inner corner trim 7, chamfering 12 and position, arc angle 13 place.
Characteristic of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described formwork 2 die cavity of hole 14, and Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 15 in hole 14.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with the die cavity that forms hole 14 on its described formwork 2, Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece 15 in hole 14.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 10, bracing boom 16, stiffening rib 17 or adds at least one of wringing in 18.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 10, bracing boom 16, stiffening rib 17 simultaneously and adds and wring 18 for the shuttering member of sealing on its described formwork 2.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also the side of described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 19, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that the dark rib of truss-like or one side or two are worn truss member.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; The side of its described formwork 2 is extended with convex module 19, pours into the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib 3 that has formed the band truss member behind the concrete.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with reinforcing rib 10.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 also is provided with reinforcing rib 10 for the shuttering member of sealing on its described prefabricated plate 1.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with at least one in suspender member 20, junction box 21, light trough box 22, spool 23, fire-fighting spraying head 24 or the water pipe 25.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 also is provided with suspender member 20, junction box 21, light trough box 22, spool 23, fire-fighting spraying head 24 and water pipe 25 for the shuttering member of sealing on its described prefabricated plate 1 simultaneously.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 26, has air conditioning wind pipe 27 to be attached thereto in the floor.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described prefabricated plate 1 is provided with air-conditioning air grille 26, simultaneously, also is provided with air conditioning wind pipe 27 in the floor and is attached thereto.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with connector 28 between described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Connector 28 is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch etc.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Be provided with connector 28 between its described formwork 2 and the prefabricated plate 1, and it is fixing to be connected to each other.Diagram connector 28 is welded to connect for weldment.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also in described prefabricated plate 1 and the formwork 2 at least one is provided with carrier 29.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 is provided with carrier 29, and diagram carrier 29 is handle.
It is two or more that characteristic of the present invention is that also described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with, and is close to each other to arrange or the arrangement of alternate certain distance.Figure 24 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 24, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 same prefabricated plates 1 are provided with a plurality of, are close to each other to arrange to be provided with.
Characteristic of the present invention also is described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2 self or is arranged in a linear each other or is staggered.Figure 25 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 25; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, its described prefabricated plate 1 and the formwork 2 self and the setting that is arranged in a linear each other.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with stationary positioned member 30 at least one of described prefabricated plate 1 or formwork 2.Figure 26 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 26, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Its described formwork 2 is provided with stationary positioned member 30, and illustrated position member 30 is a locating piece.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with between described at least two formworks 2 a spacer draw piece 31.Figure 27 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 27, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Be provided with a spacer draw piece 31 between its described adjacent formwork 2, spacer draw piece 31 is a rod member between diagram.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 or reinforcing bar 33 at least one in described dark rib 3, the upper plate 4.Figure 28 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 28; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with, and on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, is respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark rib 3.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with between the described formwork 2 dark beam 34 or bright beam 35.Figure 29 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 29; A plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2, are provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2; And connect as one with dark rib 3, formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing, also is provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between its described formwork 2.
Characteristic of the present invention also is to be provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 or reinforcing bar 33 at least one of described dark beam 34 or bright beam 35.Figure 30 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 30, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2; Upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3, and formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, also be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in its described dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described presstressed reinforcing steel 32 is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.Figure 31 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 31, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, dark beam 34 is provided with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 with bright beam 35, and its described presstressed reinforcing steel 32 is a prestressed reinforcement.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described reinforcing bar 33 is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.Figure 32 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 32, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, simultaneously, also be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.Its described reinforcing bar 33 is an i shaped steel.
Characteristic of the present invention is that also described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar 33 is the C type; The L type; type; The U type; type; type.Figure 33 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 33, and a plurality of prefabricated plates 1 are horizontally disposed with at interval, on prefabricated plate 1, are fixed with formwork 2; Be provided with dark rib 3 between contiguous prefabricated thin plate 1 and the formwork 2, upper plate 4 covers on the formwork 2, and connects as one with dark rib 3; Formwork 2 is the shuttering member of sealing; Also be provided with dark beam 34 and bright beam 35 between the formwork 2, simultaneously, also be respectively arranged with presstressed reinforcing steel 32 and reinforcing bar 33 in dark beam 34 and the bright beam 35.Its described reinforcing bar 33 is a U type cold-rolled forming section.
When the present invention implements, when prefabricated plate 1 spacing is provided with, at first lay template, on template, lay prefabricated plate 1 then; Fixedly formwork 2 then, is laid rib and gluten and inner relevant pipeline on prefabricated plate 1; After the inspection, build concrete, treat its setting and harden after; Maintenance removes bracing frame and template to stipulating the length of time, promptly obtains said floor; When prefabricated plate 1 is provided with for closely connecting, then can omit the laying operation of soffit formwork, other operation is the same, concrete to be built, maintenance removes bracing frame and gets final product after stipulate the length of time.

Claims (28)

1. a combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling comprises prefabricated plate (1), formwork (2), dark rib (3), upper plate (4), on prefabricated plate (1), is fixed with formwork (2), is provided with dark rib (3) between contiguous prefabricated thin plate (1) or the formwork (2); Upper plate (4) covers on the formwork (2), and connects as one with dark rib (3), it is characterized in that the shuttering member of described formwork (2) for sealing; Cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) is the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of band truss member, also is provided with groove (9) on the formwork (2), and groove (9) is vertical groove; A plurality of formworks (2) are close to arrangement each other, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has each other become the shearing pier (11) that forms by in the vertical groove (9) of Cast-in-place concrete on formwork (2), have reinforce (6) to stretch into the interior anchoring of Cast-in-place concrete shearing pier (11) that forms in the vertical groove (9) on the prefabricated plate (1); When prefabricated plate (1) when spacing is provided with, at first lay template, on template, lay prefabricated plate (1) then; Fixedly formwork (2) then, is laid rib and gluten and inner relevant pipeline on prefabricated plate (1); After the inspection, build concrete, treat its setting and harden after; Maintenance removes bracing frame and template to stipulating the length of time, promptly obtains said floor; When prefabricated plate (1) is provided with for closely connecting, then omit the laying operation of soffit formwork, other operation is the same, concrete to be built, maintenance removes bracing frame and gets final product after stipulate the length of time.
2. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described formwork (2) is the enclosed cavity shuttering member.
3. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that described formwork (2) is solid formwork.
4. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 3 is characterized in that described solid formwork is a solid formwork of filling out light material (5) in the duricrust.
5. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 1 is characterized in that containing reinforce (6) at least one of described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2).
6. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 5 is characterized in that described reinforce (6) exposes outside prefabricated plate (1) or the formwork (2), and stretches into anchoring in the Cast-in-place concrete.
7. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 5, it is bigger than the formwork of fixing on it (2) to it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1), stretches out outside the formwork (2), and is close to setting each other, becomes the superimposed template of dark rib (3).
8. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 7 is characterized in that the reinforce (6) in the described prefabricated plate (1) stretches out, and stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3).
9. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 7; It is characterized in that described formwork (2) and the contacted position of prefabricated plate (1) are inner corner trim (7); Constitute ring end groove (8) with prefabricated plate (1), cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has then formed the superimposed dark rib of inverted T-shaped.
10. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 5; It is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is littler than the formwork of fixing on it (2); In formwork (2) bottom surface, contract, formed inner corner trim (7), cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has then formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped.
11. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 10 is characterized in that the reinforce (6) in the described prefabricated plate (1) stretches into anchoring in the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped (3).
12. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11; Other rotation angle position that it is characterized in that described formwork (2) also is provided with inner corner trim (7), chamfering (12) or arc angle (13), and Cast-in-place concrete has formed corresponding Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib (10) at inner corner trim (7), chamfering (12) or position, arc angle (13) place.
13. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that also being provided with on the described formwork (2) die cavity of hole (14), Cast-in-place concrete has formed Cast-in-place concrete bracing piece (15) in hole (14).
14., it is characterized in that described formwork (2) also is provided with reinforcing rib (10), bracing boom (16), stiffening rib (17) or adds at least one of wringing in (18) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
15. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11; The side that it is characterized in that described formwork (2) is extended with convex module (19), and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib (3) has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib that one side or two is worn truss member.
16., it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with reinforcing rib (10) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
17., it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with at least one in suspender member (20), junction box (21), light trough box (22), spool (23), fire-fighting spraying head (24) or the water pipe (25) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
18. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11, it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) is provided with air-conditioning air grille (26), have air conditioning wind pipe (27) to be attached thereto in the floor.
19. according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11; It is characterized in that being provided with connector (28) between described formwork (2) and the prefabricated plate (1); And it is fixing to be connected to each other, and connector (28) is at least a in iron wire, weldment, thin band, bolt, male and female groove, tenon cover, hinge, cutting ferrule, the latch.
20., it is characterized in that in described prefabricated plate (1) and the formwork (2) at least one is provided with carrier (29) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
21., it is characterized in that described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2) self or be arranged in a linear each other or be staggered according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
22., it is characterized in that being provided with stationary positioned member (30) at least one of described prefabricated plate (1) or formwork (2) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
23., it is characterized in that being provided with at least one in described dark rib (3), the upper plate (4) presstressed reinforcing steel (32) or reinforcing bar (33) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
24., it is characterized in that being provided with between the described formwork (2) dark beam (34) or bright beam (35) according to the described a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 11.
25. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 24 is characterized in that being provided with presstressed reinforcing steel (32) or reinforcing bar (33) at least one of described dark beam (34) or bright beam (35).
26. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 25 is characterized in that described presstressed reinforcing steel (32) is prestressed reinforcement or prestress wire.
27. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 25 is characterized in that described reinforcing bar (33) is cold-rolled forming section, channel-section steel or i shaped steel.
28. a kind of combined reinforced bar concrete cassette ceiling according to claim 27 is characterized in that described cold-rolled forming section reinforcing bar (33) is C type, L type, type, U type, type, type.
CN2008101361891A 2004-01-06 2004-01-06 Composite reinforcing steel bar concrete hollow floor slab Active CN101333835B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3708929A (en) * 1971-07-29 1973-01-09 Packaging Corp America Cast in situ deck construction and core unit for use therein
EP0617180A3 (en) * 1993-03-26 1996-01-17 Ondaplast Spa Products for the fabrication of floors with lightening box elements and floors made with these products.
CN1356441A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Reinforced concrete floor slab with space structure
CN2522492Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN2522497Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN1401868A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form for filling concrete
CN1415816A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight hasting tyre mold for use filling concrete

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3708929A (en) * 1971-07-29 1973-01-09 Packaging Corp America Cast in situ deck construction and core unit for use therein
EP0617180A3 (en) * 1993-03-26 1996-01-17 Ondaplast Spa Products for the fabrication of floors with lightening box elements and floors made with these products.
CN1356441A (en) * 2001-11-23 2002-07-03 邱则有 Reinforced concrete floor slab with space structure
CN2522492Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN2522497Y (en) * 2002-01-28 2002-11-27 邱则有 Board-rib combined steel reinforced concrete hollow floor
CN1401868A (en) * 2002-10-05 2003-03-12 邱则有 Thin-wall form for filling concrete
CN1415816A (en) * 2002-12-15 2003-05-07 邱则有 Light weight hasting tyre mold for use filling concrete

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