CN100535345C - Formwork component - Google Patents

Formwork component Download PDF

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Publication number
CN100535345C
CN100535345C CNB2007101942560A CN200710194256A CN100535345C CN 100535345 C CN100535345 C CN 100535345C CN B2007101942560 A CNB2007101942560 A CN B2007101942560A CN 200710194256 A CN200710194256 A CN 200710194256A CN 100535345 C CN100535345 C CN 100535345C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
shuttering
sidewall
plate
toss
chamfering
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Expired - Fee Related
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CNB2007101942560A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101173565A (en
Inventor
邱则有
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Hunan Qiuzeyou Patent Strategy Planning Co Ltd
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邱则有
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Priority to CNB2007101942560A priority Critical patent/CN100535345C/en
Publication of CN101173565A publication Critical patent/CN101173565A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN100535345C publication Critical patent/CN100535345C/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The invention relates to a shuttering means, which comprises an upper plate (1), and a surrounding sidewall (2), wherein, the upper plate makes an open mouth basin shape means with the surrounding sidewall. The invention is characterized in that, the basin shape means is provided with a lateral chamfer (3), and the surroundings sidewall (2) basin mouth has a snubby edge (7) outward, which has a folding layer. When applied in the cast-in-place floor, the shuttering means makes a cast-in-place reinforcement at the chamfer place for the arranging of the lateral chamfer, which can effectively eliminate the stress concentration phenomenon at the corner place, which is at the crossover position between the cast-in-place upper plate of the floor and the cast-in-place secret rib, and avoids the produce of crack, and improves the mechanical property of the floor; or the shuttering means makes a cast-in-place reinforcement or flange girth on the under part of the secret rib at the chamfer place, which can greatly improve the mechanical property of the floor. The invention has the advantages of reaching the purpose for the characteristic above, and being suitable for using in the hollow floor, roof, wall body, foundation mat, and hollow bridge with the cast-in-place reinforced concrete or prestressing reinforced concrete, particularly suitable for using in hollow flat slab.

Description

A kind of shuttering member
The application for the applying date be that December 15, application number in 2003 are 200310124196.7, name is called the dividing an application of application for a patent for invention of " a kind of shuttering member ".
(1) technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of shuttering member.
(2) background technology
The most of precast hollow slab that adopts of the building of brick mix structure and frame construction is as floor structure at present, this floor structure has advantages such as speed of application is fast, cost is low, but owing to firmly do not link between adjacent two precast hollow slabs, only use cement mortar blind, thereby not only globality is poor, be unfavorable for antidetonation, and phenomenons such as slit cracking, infiltration often occur, put to no little inconvenience and psychological pressure to resident family.In order to address the above problem, a lot of building have adopted the method for Cast-in-place concrete floor (hollow, solid).Though the Cast-in-place concrete floor has solved antidetonation and problems of crack, when construction, to use a large amount of templates, like this, not only increased expense, and the speed of application that slowed down, prolonged the duration.The patent No. is ZL00203695.9's " combination concrete hidden rib floor structure " utility model patent, it is made up of prefabricated plate, formwork, dark rib, upper plate, each prefabricated plate is horizontal positioned at interval, on prefabricated plate, be fixed with formwork, formwork comprises upper plate and side plate on every side, be provided with dark rib between contiguous prefabricated thin plate or the formwork, upper plate covers on the formwork, and connect as one with dark rib, this kind floor structure no longer needs to use in a large number template, accelerate speed of application, shortened the duration, thereby reduced cost.But the horizontal rotation angle position of the shuttering member in this floor structure, as the intersection area of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib and Cast-in-place concrete upper plate, the stressed complexity of superstructure, stress is more concentrated, easily produces crack even cracking destruction, therefore, develop a kind of novel shuttering member for being badly in need of.
(3) summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of shuttering member, be applied to Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor after, have the mechanical property of improving superstructure, reduce stress and concentrate, prevent the characteristics such as generation in crack.
Solution of the present invention is on the basis of existing technology, comprise upper plate, sidewall on every side, upper plate, sidewall surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that described basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering, sidewall basin mouth is protruding on every side a toss, and toss is provided with overlapping layers.Like this, after shuttering member is applied to Cast-in-place Concrete Building Floor, because shuttering member is provided with horizontal chamfering, formed the reinforcing rib of Cast-in-place concrete at chamfer site, thereby can eliminate the stress concentration phenomenon at the position, turning that Cast-in-place concrete upper plate and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib intersect in the superstructure effectively, prevent the generation in crack, improve the mechanical property of superstructure; Perhaps formed the reinforcing rib or the edge of a wing of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib bottom, thereby also improved the mechanical property of superstructure greatly at chamfer site; In addition, characteristics such as that shuttering member also has is simple in structure, intensity is high, resistance to deformation, the anti-vibration performance is good, easy to manufacture, cost is low, easy construction, speed of application are fast, thereby reached purpose of the present invention, the hollow building cover, roof system, body of wall, sole plate and the hollow bridges that are applicable to cast-in-situ reinforced concrete or prestressed reinforced concrete are used, and are particularly useful for hollow arch without beam and use.
Feature of the present invention is that also described horizontal chamfering is arranged on the horizontal rotation angle position that upper plate and sidewall on every side intersect.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the horizontal rotation angle position that intersects at the upper plate of shuttering member and sidewall has on every side formed the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib structure of local reinforcement, can effectively improve the stress concentration phenomenon, has increased substantially the mechanical property of superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is also that many horizontal chamferings are communicated with each other and is the chamfering ring.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned chamfering ring, formed the Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib structure that intersects of local reinforcement in superstructure inside, the rigidity and the intensity of the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib between the shuttering member have been increased substantially, make it possess favorable shock resistance and fracture resistance, reduced the stress concentration phenomenon, prevented the generation in crack.
Feature of the present invention is that also described horizontal chamfering is arranged on the uncovered edge, bottom of sidewall on every side, and perhaps many horizontal chamferings also communicate with each other and are the chamfering ring.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, after Cast-in-place concrete pours in the above-mentioned chamfering ring, the uncovered edge, bottom of sidewall has formed the edge of a wing structure of Cast-in-place concrete reinforcing rib structure or cast-in-place concrete hidden rib around shuttering member, cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has formed the cast-in-place concrete hidden rib of inverted T-shaped, effectively eliminated the influence of internal stress, made the internal construction of superstructure more become reasonable superstructure.
Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical corner position all around of described shuttering member is set to vertical chamfering or vertical inner corner trim or vertical arc angle.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete pours in the vertical chamfering or vertical inner corner trim or vertical arc angle of vertical corner around the shuttering member, formed the reinforcing rib structure of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib, strengthen the intensity and the rigidity at the crossed node place of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib greatly, improved the mechanical property of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor.When shuttering member is close to arrangement, then around the shuttering member in the vertical inner corner trim or chamfering or arc angle of vertical corner, former cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the shearing pier or the post of Cast-in-place concrete, significantly reduced the steel bar concrete consumption, alleviated the weight of superstructure, improve the anti-seismic performance of superstructure, improved the mechanical property of superstructure.
It is logical that feature of the present invention is that also described horizontal chamfering and vertical chamfering or vertical inner corner trim or vertical arc angle are connected with each other, orthogonal thereto or oblique setting.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, form horizontal or vertical reinforcing rib or reinforced pier, post in superstructure inside, superstructure inside primary structure member has been done comprehensive reinforcement, improved the supporting capacity and the shock resistance of superstructure greatly.
Feature of the present invention also is described horizontal chamfering and vertical chamfering or vertical inner corner trim or vertical arc angle grade separation setting each other.
Feature of the present invention is also that sidewall is protruding around described a toss.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, outwardly directed toss can replace construction formwork, reduced the template loss, reduced material cost, can save the template installation procedure simultaneously, accelerated speed of application, improved efficiency of construction.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side contain reinforce, perhaps also have reinforce to expose, perhaps reinforce stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and reinforce is at least a in reinforcing bar or steel wire or steel mesh reinforcement or gauze wire cloth or fiber or fibre bundle or fibrous mesh cloth or nonwoven or metal foil band or porose thin band or strap or the braid over braid.Like this, upper plate, contain above-mentioned reinforce in sidewall or the bridging piece on every side, their strength and stiffness have been improved greatly, make shuttering member cracky not in stacking, transportation, installation, work progress, even the breakage of small size is arranged, because of the connection of reinforce is arranged, do not need to repair yet, can continue to come into operation.If also have reinforce to expose the shuttering member outside on the shuttering member, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforce and Cast-in-place concrete that it exposes combine, and can improve the bond stress between Cast-in-place concrete and the shuttering member greatly, optimize the performance of whole hollow building cover; Simultaneously, expose reinforce and also make things convenient for shuttering member when carrying, make handle or suspension ring or suspension hook and use.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting or junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct at least one.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the superstructure, because suspender member or hang built-in fitting or the setting in advance of junction box or spool or light trough box or airduct; made things convenient for the installation of various relevant devices in the superstructure; simultaneously, can prevent to knock destruction effectively, the overall performance of protection superstructure afterwards.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in pit, groove, boss module, raised line, the external corner.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, Cast-in-place concrete poured in pit, the groove, and the corresponding Cast-in-place concrete that forms the part adds competent structure; The boss module that is provided with on the shuttering member, raised line, external corner can be found time the concrete that does not stress in the superstructure, further alleviate the weight of superstructure self, save the consumption of concrete, reduce the cost of superstructure, also improve the performance of superstructure simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with reinforcing rib or stiffening rib or bracing boom on the described shuttering member or adds in wringing at least one.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, reinforcing rib, stiffening rib, the bracing boom that is provided with in the shuttering member or add and wring and can form cast-in-place and the prefabricated composite construction that combines with Cast-in-place concrete optimized cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor inside stress system.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with horizontal groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall on every side.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, toss can replace construction formwork, save the template installation procedure, reduced material wastage rate, simultaneously, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss, and then the efficiency of construction of shuttering member is higher, and construction cost is lower.If also be provided with transverse concave groove with the toss contact site on the sidewall around between the shuttering member, then Cast-in-place concrete can form the edge of a wing or the reinforcing rib of cast-in-place concrete hidden rib in groove, and cast-in-place concrete hidden rib has then formed the dark rib of inverted T-shaped.Thereby the intensity of superstructure is higher, and rigidity is bigger, and mechanical property is better.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity spacer draw piece.Between the spacer draw piece can be rod member, rope, plate, muscle, silk, thin band, piece, pier etc.Like this, when shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, construction was laid more convenient, between the spacer draw piece can be fixed or movable spacer draw piece, after shuttering member installs, the dismounting of flexible staybolt draw piece can be reclaimed secondary and use, reduce the cost of production of shuttering member, simultaneously, behind the dismounting support draw piece, reinforcing bar can be laid in the internal-rib die cavity very easily, and concrete also can pour in the internal-rib die cavity swimmingly, it is more convenient to construct, and efficiency of construction is higher.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or sidewall or toss on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with the carrying part.Like this, can very easily shuttering member be piled up, transport, lift and construct, reduce the work difficulty and the working strength of above-mentioned operation, help improving efficiency of construction, reduce construction cost.
Feature of the present invention also is described at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece each other, constitutes the internal-rib die cavity between the adjacent shuttering member.Like this, when shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, improved the efficiency of construction and the speed of application of superstructure greatly.
It is corrugated or circular that feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle or square or polygon or arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.Like this, the variation of shuttering member shape, make shuttering member be applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor after, correspondingly formed various difform cast-in-situ concrete structures, thereby made that the structure of cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor is more reasonable, made things convenient for design and construction unit to select for use.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material.Like this, shuttering member has better sound insulation, heat insulation, heat-insulating property; Simultaneously, also improve the shock resistance of shuttering member greatly, reduced the breakage rate of product in the construction application process.Light material can be foamed plastics, expanded perlite, expanded vermiculite, foaming or aerated light concrete, rock wool, mineral wool, glass wool, haydite or haydite concrete etc., and the diversity of its light material kind is drawn materials when being convenient to produce nearby, helps reducing production costs.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member.Align member can be draw ring, drag hook, iron wire, feet, small lugs, little protruding nail or other device.Like this, after shuttering member is applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, can accurately locate shuttering member, prevent that phenomenons such as shuttering member floats, displacement from producing when building concrete, simultaneously, also can carry out spacingly, guarantee the pouring quality of superstructure effectively reinforcing bar.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another between the shuttering member.Connector can be reinforcing bar, steel mesh reinforcement, steel wire, gauze wire cloth, angle steel, channel-section steel, L shaped steel, T-steel, cutting ferrule, bolt, male and female groove, socket component, indention, tongue, groove, bayonet socket, cutting ferrule, hole, embedded iron parts etc.Like this, after shuttering member was applied in the cast-in-situ concrete hollow floor, the connector that is provided with on the shuttering member can be controlled the distance between the shuttering member effectively, reliably, the width and the height of control Cast-in-place concrete rib, the pouring quality of assurance superstructure internal construction; Simultaneously, also help shuttering member connection location each other, perhaps constitute member in groups, accelerate speed of application.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate or on every side at least one of sidewall be provided with overlapping layers.Like this, owing to be provided with overlapping layers, thereby the making of shuttering member is easier, production efficiency is higher, and cost of production is lower.Simultaneously, the intensity and the rigidity of shuttering member are bigger, pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers is light aggregate concrete layer or aerating concrete layer or cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or concrete layer or steel bar concrete layer or plastic plate or metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.Like this, the variation of overlapping layers manufacturing materials can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, helps reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or bamboo offset plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete, perhaps toss is the toss of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar.Like this, the upper plate of shuttering member and the variation of sidewall manufacturing materials on every side can make shuttering member fully satisfy the needs of various different situations, help reducing product cost.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate or sidewall or the toss on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of reinforce of net forms by multilayer.Like this, be stained with upper plate, sidewall or the toss on every side that the reinforce of the muscle of cementitious material or net is formed by stacking, have characteristics such as intensity height, rigidity be big, in light weight by multilayer, the respective mode mould component pile up, cracky more not in transportation and the construction and installation process.
(4) description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 1.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for horizontal chamfering, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and its described basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described horizontal chamfering 3 is arranged on the horizontal rotation angle position that upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 on every side intersect.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described many horizontal chamferings 3 are communicated with curved square ring circle each other.
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, its described horizontal chamfering 3 is arranged on the uncovered edge, bottom of sidewall 2 on every side, illustrates many horizontal chamferings 3 curved square ring circle that also communicates with each other.
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and the vertical corner position is set to vertical chamfering 4, vertical inner corner trim 5 and vertical arc angle 6 around its described shuttering member.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, its described horizontal chamfering 3 and vertical chamfering 4 and vertical arc angle 6 be connected with each other logical and orthogonal thereto setting.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 7.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, all contain reinforce 8 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 7 on every side, reinforce 8 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and diagram reinforce 8 be a fibrous mesh cloth, and sidewall 2 interior reinforces 8 have extend in the toss 7 on every side.
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, its described upper plate 1, also is respectively arranged with suspender member 9, junction box 10, spool 11 and light trough box 12 simultaneously on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, and sidewall 2 was provided with airduct 13 around it was described.
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, also is provided with pit 14, groove 15, boss module 16 and external corner 18 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, also is provided with groove 15 and raised line 17 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, also is provided with reinforcing rib 19, stiffening rib 20, bracing boom 21 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds and wring 22.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 15 with toss 7 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 15 with toss 7 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with a spacer draw piece 24 in its described internal-rib die cavity 23.
Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, sidewall 2 was provided with overlapping layers 25 around it was described.
Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by a spacer draw piece 24 each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as is with corrugated quadrangle.
Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 27, and diagram light material 27 is an expanded perlite.
Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described shuttering member is provided with align member 28, and illustrated position member 28 is a locating piece.
Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described shuttering member is provided with connector 29 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 29 is a socket pipe member.
Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25.
Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described upper plate 1 is to be formed by the netted reinforce 8 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
(5) specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
The present invention as shown in drawings, comprise upper plate 1, sidewall 2 on every side, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that described basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 basin mouths are protruding on every side a toss 7, and toss 7 is provided with overlapping layers 25.In each accompanying drawing, 1 be upper plate, 2 for around sidewall, 3 for horizontal chamfering, below in each accompanying drawing, number identically, its explanation is identical.As shown in Figure 1, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and its described basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3.As shown in figure 16, its basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 basin mouths are protruding on every side a toss 7, and toss 7 is provided with overlapping layers 25.
Feature of the present invention is that also described horizontal chamfering 3 is arranged on the horizontal rotation angle position that upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 on every side intersect.Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described horizontal chamfering 3 is arranged on the horizontal rotation angle position that upper plate 1 and sidewall 2 on every side intersect.
Feature of the present invention is also that many horizontal chamferings 3 are communicated with each other and is the chamfering ring.Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 3, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described many horizontal chamferings 3 are communicated with curved square ring circle each other.
Feature of the present invention is that also described horizontal chamfering 3 is arranged on the uncovered edge, bottom of sidewall 2 on every side, and perhaps many horizontal chamferings 3 also communicate with each other and are the chamfering ring.Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 4, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, its described horizontal chamfering 3 is arranged on the uncovered edge, bottom of sidewall 2 on every side, illustrates many horizontal chamferings 3 curved square ring circle that also communicates with each other.
Feature of the present invention is that also the vertical corner position all around of described shuttering member is set to vertical chamfering 4 or vertical inner corner trim 5 or vertical arc angle 6.Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 5, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and the vertical corner position is set to vertical chamfering 4, vertical inner corner trim 5 and vertical arc angle 6 around its described shuttering member.
It is logical that feature of the present invention is that also described horizontal chamfering 3 and vertical chamfering 4 or vertical inner corner trim 5 or vertical arc angle 6 are connected with each other, orthogonal thereto or oblique setting.Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 6, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, its described horizontal chamfering 3 and vertical chamfering 4 and vertical arc angle 6 be connected with each other logical and orthogonal thereto setting.
Feature of the present invention also is described horizontal chamfering 3 and vertical chamfering 4 or vertical inner corner trim 5 or vertical arc angle 6 grade separation setting each other.
Feature of the present invention is also that sidewall 2 is protruding around described a toss 7.Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 7, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 was protruding around it was described a toss 7.
Feature of the present invention is that also upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 7 on every side contain reinforce 8, perhaps also have reinforce 8 to expose, perhaps reinforce 8 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and reinforce 8 is at least a in reinforcing bar or steel wire or steel mesh reinforcement or gauze wire cloth or fiber or fibre bundle or fibrous mesh cloth or nonwoven or metal foil band or porose thin band or strap or the braid over braid.Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 8, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, all contain reinforce 8 in its described upper plate 1, sidewall 2 and the toss 7 on every side, reinforce 8 stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other, and diagram reinforce 8 be a fibrous mesh cloth, and sidewall 2 interior reinforces 8 have extend in the toss 7 on every side.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 7 on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting 9 or junction box 10 or spool 11 or light trough box 12 or airduct 13 at least one.Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 9, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, its described upper plate 1, also is respectively arranged with suspender member 9, junction box 10, spool 11 and light trough box 12 simultaneously on the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 10 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 10, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, and sidewall 2 was provided with airduct 13 around it was described.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in pit 14, groove 15, boss module 16, raised line 17, the external corner 18.Figure 11 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 11, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, also is provided with pit 14, groove 15, boss module 16 and external corner 18 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.Figure 12 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 12, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, also is provided with groove 15 and raised line 17 on its described shuttering member simultaneously.
Feature of the present invention also is also to be provided with on the described shuttering member reinforcing rib 19 or stiffening rib 20 or bracing boom 21 or adds at least one of wringing in 22.Figure 13 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 13, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, also is provided with reinforcing rib 19, stiffening rib 20, bracing boom 21 on its described shuttering member simultaneously and adds and wring 22.
Feature of the present invention is that also at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, perhaps also is provided with horizontal groove 15 with toss 7 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.Figure 14 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 14, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, its described a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 15 with toss 7 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side.
Feature of the present invention also is to be provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity 23 first spacer draw piece 24.Figure 15 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 15, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, simultaneously, also be provided with horizontal groove 15 with toss 7 contacts site on the sidewall 2 on every side, be provided with first spacer draw piece 24 in its described internal-rib die cavity 23.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or toss 7 on every side at least one be provided with overlapping layers 25.Figure 16 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, sidewall 2 was provided with overlapping layers 25 around it was described.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 26.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with around the horizontal chamfering 3 that sidewall 2 is protruding a toss 7, a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 25 on every side, and its described shuttering member is provided with carrying part 26, and diagram carrying part 26 is handle.
Feature of the present invention also is at least two shuttering members alternately, connects into the gang mould mould component by second spacer draw piece 24 ' each other, constitutes internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member.Figure 17 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 17, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, its described a plurality of shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by second spacer draw piece 24 ' each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member.
It is corrugated or circular that feature of the present invention is that also the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle or square or polygon or arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon or multi sphere limit shape.Figure 18 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 18, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and the horizontal profile of its described shuttering member is shaped as is with corrugated quadrangle.
Feature of the present invention is that also the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material 27.Figure 19 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 19, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and the re-entrant portion of its described shuttering member is provided with light material 27, and diagram light material 27 is an expanded perlite.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with align member 28.Figure 20 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 20, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described shuttering member is provided with align member 28, and illustrated position member 28 is a locating piece.
Feature of the present invention is that also described shuttering member is provided with connector 29 connected to one another between the shuttering member.Figure 21 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 21, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described shuttering member is provided with connector 29 connected to one another between the shuttering member, and diagram connector 29 is a socket pipe member.
Feature of the present invention also be described upper plate 1 or on every side at least one of sidewall 2 be provided with overlapping layers 25.Figure 22 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 22, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described upper plate 1 is provided with overlapping layers 25.
Feature of the present invention is that also described overlapping layers 25 is light aggregate concrete layer or aerating concrete layer or cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or concrete layer or steel bar concrete layer or plastic plate or metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.As shown in figure 16, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, and a plurality of shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss 7, constitute internal-rib die cavity 23 between the adjacent shuttering member, sidewall 2 is provided with overlapping layers 25 on every side, shuttering member is provided with carrying part 26, and diagram carrying part 26 is handle, and its described overlapping layers 25 is the light aggregate concrete layer.
Feature of the present invention also be the upper plate 1 of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall 2 be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or bamboo offset plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete, perhaps toss 7 is the toss of cement mortar or concrete or lightweight concrete or polymer concrete or polymer mortar.As shown in Figure 7, upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and sidewall 2 is protruding on every side a toss 7, and the wall of the upper plate 1 of its described shuttering member, sidewall 2 and toss 7 on every side is a cement mortar fleece wall.
Feature of the present invention is that also in described upper plate 1 or sidewall 2 or the toss 7 on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the reinforce 8 superimposed gluings of net form by multilayer.Figure 23 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 23, and upper plate 1, sidewall 2 surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, and basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering 3, and its described upper plate 1 is to be formed by the netted reinforce 8 superimposed gluings that multilayer is stained with cementitious material.
During the invention process, can adopt cement mortar cementitious matter and fiberglass gridding cloth, in mould, make one deck cementitious matter, the layer of glass grid cloth, the shuttering member of the horizontal chamfering 3 of the band with layer structure of the multilayer build-up of one deck cementitious matter again, demoulding maintenance promptly gets shuttering member to stipulating the length of time.

Claims (36)

1, a kind of shuttering member, comprise upper plate (1), sidewall (2) on every side, upper plate (1), sidewall (2) surrounds uncovered basin-shaped component on every side, it is characterized in that described basin-shaped component is provided with horizontal chamfering (3), sidewall (2) basin mouth is protruding on every side a toss (7), and toss (7) is provided with overlapping layers (25).
2, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described horizontal chamfering (3) is arranged on the horizontal rotation angle position that upper plate (1) and sidewall (2) on every side intersect.
3, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 2 is characterized in that many horizontal chamferings (3) are communicated with each other and is the chamfering ring.
4, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that described horizontal chamfering (3) is arranged on the uncovered edge, bottom of sidewall (2) on every side.
5, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 4 is characterized in that many horizontal chamferings (3) also communicate with each other and is the chamfering ring.
6, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 1 is characterized in that the vertical corner position all around of described shuttering member is set to vertical chamfering (4) or vertical inner corner trim (5) or vertical arc angle (6).
7, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6, it is logical to it is characterized in that described horizontal chamfering (3) and vertical chamfering (4) or vertical inner corner trim (5) or vertical arc angle (6) are connected with each other, orthogonal thereto or oblique setting.
8, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 6 is characterized in that described horizontal chamfering (3) and vertical chamfering (4) or vertical inner corner trim (5) or vertical arc angle (6) grade separation setting each other.
9, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that sidewall (2) is protruding around described has a toss (7).
10, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 9 is characterized in that upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (7) on every side contain reinforce (8).
11, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10 is characterized in that described reinforce (8) exposes.
12, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10 is characterized in that described reinforce (8) stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.
13, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 11 is characterized in that described reinforce (8) stretches into anchoring in the matrix of each adjacent member each other.
14, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10 is characterized in that at least a in reinforcing bar or steel wire or steel mesh reinforcement or gauze wire cloth or fiber or fibre bundle or fibrous mesh cloth or metal foil band or the strap of described reinforce (8).
15, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10 is characterized in that at least a in nonwoven or porose thin band or the braid over braid of described reinforce (8).
16, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (7) on every side be provided with suspender member hang built-in fitting (9) or junction box (10) or spool (11) or light trough box (12) or airduct (13) at least one.
17, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member at least one in pit (14), groove (15), boss module (16), raised line (17), the external corner (18).
18, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10 is characterized in that also being provided with on the described shuttering member reinforcing rib (19) or stiffening rib (20) or bracing boom (21) or adds at least one of wringing in (22).
19, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 10 is characterized in that at least two shuttering members connect into the gang mould mould component by toss (7), constitutes internal-rib die cavity (23) between the adjacent shuttering member.
20, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19 is characterized in that described sidewall (2) is on every side gone up and toss (7) contact site also is provided with horizontal groove (15).
21, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19 is characterized in that being provided with in the described internal-rib die cavity (23) first spacer draw piece (24).
22, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19, at least one that it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or toss (7) on every side is provided with overlapping layers (25).
23, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 19 is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with carrying part (26).
24, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that at least two shuttering members alternately, connect into the gang mould mould component by second spacer draw piece (24 ') each other, constitute internal-rib die cavity (23) between the adjacent shuttering member.
25, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, the horizontal profile that it is characterized in that described shuttering member is shaped as polygon or multi sphere limit shape is corrugated or circular.
26,, it is characterized in that the horizontal profile of described shuttering member is shaped as rectangle or square or arc angle polygon or chamfering polygon according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
27,, it is characterized in that the re-entrant portion of described shuttering member is provided with light material (27) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
28,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with align member (28) according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
29,, it is characterized in that described shuttering member is provided with connector connected to one another (29) between the shuttering member according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
30, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that described upper plate (1) or on every side at least one of sidewall (2) be provided with overlapping layers (25).
31, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 30 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (25) is cement sand bed or Cement fibre layer or cement steel screen layer or concrete layer or steel bar concrete layer or plastic plate or metal crimp template or wood glue plate or bamboo offset plate.
32, a kind of shuttering member according to claim 30 is characterized in that described overlapping layers (25) is light aggregate concrete layer or aerating concrete layer.
33, according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8, it is characterized in that the upper plate (1) of described shuttering member or on every side the wall of sidewall (2) be the wall of Cement fibre or Cement fibre net or cement steel net or cement gauze wire cloth or concrete plate or bamboo offset plate or wood glue plate or plastics or metal crimp template or lightweight concrete.
34,, it is characterized in that the toss of described toss (7) for cement mortar or concrete or polymer mortar according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
35,, it is characterized in that the toss of described toss (7) for lightweight concrete or polymer concrete according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
36,, it is characterized in that in described upper plate (1) or sidewall (2) or the toss (7) on every side at least one is to be stained with the muscle of cementitious material or the superimposed gluing of the reinforce of net (8) forms by multilayer according to the described a kind of shuttering member of arbitrary claim in the claim 1 to 8.
CNB2007101942560A 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Formwork component Expired - Fee Related CN100535345C (en)

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Applications Claiming Priority (1)

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CNB2007101942560A CN100535345C (en) 2003-12-15 2003-12-15 Formwork component

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CN101173565A CN101173565A (en) 2008-05-07
CN100535345C true CN100535345C (en) 2009-09-02

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