AU731625B2 - Filled bagel product and method - Google Patents

Filled bagel product and method Download PDF

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Publication number
AU731625B2
AU731625B2 AU32339/97A AU3233997A AU731625B2 AU 731625 B2 AU731625 B2 AU 731625B2 AU 32339/97 A AU32339/97 A AU 32339/97A AU 3233997 A AU3233997 A AU 3233997A AU 731625 B2 AU731625 B2 AU 731625B2
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Australia
Prior art keywords
dough
bagel
cream cheese
baking
yeast
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AU32339/97A
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AU3233997A (en
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Alvin Burger
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Alvin Burger
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Priority to US68929496A priority Critical
Priority to US08/689294 priority
Priority to US08/823,803 priority patent/US6001400A/en
Priority to US08/823803 priority
Application filed by Alvin Burger filed Critical Alvin Burger
Priority to PCT/US1997/010090 priority patent/WO1998005214A1/en
Publication of AU3233997A publication Critical patent/AU3233997A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of AU731625B2 publication Critical patent/AU731625B2/en
Priority claimed from AU54069/01A external-priority patent/AU772059B2/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23PSHAPING OR WORKING OF FOODSTUFFS, NOT FULLY COVERED BY A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS
    • A23P20/00Coating of foodstuffs; Coatings therefor; Making laminated, multi-layered, stuffed or hollow foodstuffs
    • A23P20/20Making of laminated, multi-layered, stuffed or hollow foodstuffs, e.g. by wrapping in preformed edible dough sheets or in edible food containers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A21BAKING; EDIBLE DOUGHS
    • A21DTREATMENT, e.g. PRESERVATION, OF FLOUR OR DOUGH, e.g. BY ADDITION OF MATERIALS; BAKING; BAKERY PRODUCTS; PRESERVATION THEREOF
    • A21D13/00Finished or partly finished bakery products
    • A21D13/30Filled, to be filled or stuffed products
    • A21D13/31Filled, to be filled or stuffed products filled before baking

Description

WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 FILLED BAGEL PRODUCT AND METHOD BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION Field of the Invention The present invention relates to a unique food product comprising a bagel shell with materials conventionally used as bagel toppings, such as natural or imitation cream, partially or fully enclosed within the shell. The product provides enjoyment of the distinctive bagel and cream cheese taste, with no requirement for cutting or spreading cheese. The product may be frozen either prior to or after setting by steaming or boiling. The product is baked or fried prior to eating. The invention further relates to methods for the production of the filled bagel product.
Discussion of the Related Art Bagels are a toroidally shaped bakery product having a hard outer crust and soft inner crumb portion which combine to provide a distinctive "bagel" taste and feel. Traditionally, the dough is worked on a flour board and set in a warm place to rise, then kneaded again before being formed into rings. The rings are formed from balls of risen dough, either by poking a hole through the center of each ball or by rolling each ball into a long strip, shaping the strip into a ring, and then pressing the ends together.
An important step in the traditional bagel making process is boiling the yeast dough in water in order to close the pores of the dough to form a skin. Boiling is followed by baking in a hot oven to turn the crust golden brown.
A favorite way of enjoying bagels is to slice them in half, and spread a topping, such as cream cheese, on the cut WO 98/05214 PCTUS97/10090 surfaces. Bagels are characteristically cut open by slicing them across their width on a plane perpendicular to the axis of the toroid, and the topping is then spread on them. Because of the hard crust, the cutting process requires a sharp knife which can be hazardous. Further, due to the soft crumb interior, a slightly dull knife will crush the hard crust into the soft crumb interior, compacting the interior, which detracts from appearance and taste. Moreover, such planar cut is typically awkward and does not result in two planar halves.
Spreading the cream cheese on the bagel may also be tedious as the cream cheese is stored in a refrigerator and is very viscous until it warms.
It is known to include certain flavorings or fillers on or in bagel dough, such as unions, poppy seeds, salt, or raisins.
These are materials which have substantially the same handling characteristics as bagel dough: they can withstand the heat of cooking, and are relatively stable at room temperature for extended periods of time. These materials are not what one would consider a "topping".
Although bagels and cream cheese go together during consumption, bagels and cream cheese are very different chemically, and have different storage and handling requirements. Cream cheese is perishable, thermally sensitive, and easily contaminated, and is thus conventionally maintained in a chilled state until use. Cream cheese can not be frozen and thawed without separation of liquids and solids, nor can it be left exposed to air at room temperature for extended periods, nor can it be subject to the high temperatures at which bagel dough is cooked. Thus, for reasons of product preparation as well as for reasons of food storage and handling, it would be counter-intuitive to incorporate cream WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 cheese into a bagel dough shell.
U.S. Patent 5,236,724 entitled "Filled Bagel Dough Product and Method" which issued to the present inventor was first to describe a technique by which cream cheese could actually be incorporated into a bagel dough shell. However, the filled bagel dough product is disclosed as being in the shape of a ball. A ball-shaped product has inherent limitations, both in the cooking process and in the consumption process. A bagel dough ball product, while having advantages of being compact, relatively stable at room temperature, and easy to handle, is necessarily limited in size, since a cream cheese filled bagel ball, if too large, can not be easily eaten by a consumer.
Further, a sphere has a minimal- outer surface ,area and a dome shaped upper surface area. These two factors make it rather difficult to provide toppings on a bagel ball.
While there is no suggestion for the production of a filled bagel product in a shape other than a ball, the present inventor undertook to modify the shape, and discovered that there are significant problems with the handing of a raw bagel dough article filled with cream cheese. These problems 9 included the problem of stretching the bagel dough shell, and the problem of. joining a first bagel dough surface to a second bagel dough surface after one or both surfaces had been contacted by cream cheese to for a tight, non-leaking seal.
There is thus a need for a filled bagel dough product which represents an improvement over the bagel ball. There is also a need for methods for the production of such improved produdt: I I S 1 I SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION According to a first aspect of the invention, there is provided a process for making a filled dough product, the process including the steps of: mixing and kneading flour, salt, yeast and water to form a yeast dough; forming a composite product comprising high-fat, heat-stable cream cheese and yeast dough; proofing the composite product to activate said yeast to raise said dough through fermentation; setting the proofed product by boiling or steaming to form a set product; and baking or frying the set product.
The composite product may be formed by co-extrusion. Thus, the product produced by the process may be in the shape of a traditional toroidal bagel.
The dough may be a bagel dough.
The process may include the step of baking said product under conditions to o: produce a substantially dehydrated product.
The process may include the step of forming the composite product by forming a shell of said yeast bagel dough around and completely enclosing a quantity of the cream cheese so that said quantity of cream cheese forms a cream cheese filler material core, with said bagel shell having an outer surface and an inner surface.
The process may also include the steps of: forming a first layer of the yeast dough; depositing the cream cheese filler material on said first layer of dough; depositing a second layer of said dough over said first layer and the filler material; _3a 06/02 '01 TUE 11:27 [TX/RX NO 7979] u- -u I I U l U I i CLrT b/ 1 1 pressing said first and second layers together to laminate said first and second layers together in the area adjacent the deposited filler material and to seal said filler material between said first and second layers to form a laminated product; proofing said laminated product to activate said yeast to raise said dough through fermentation and to form a proofed product; and setting said proofed product by steaming or boiling.
The second layer may be formed on said first layer by folding at least part of said first layer over said second layer.
The process may include the step of freezing the composite product at any time prior to baking or frying.
S* The product may be chilled to cool the core temperature of the product at any time prior to any of the steaming, boiling, baking or frying steps.
A sugar or a spice coating may be applied to said product following baking or S" frying the composite product.
According to a second aspect of the invention, there is provided a process for making a filled dough product, said process including the steps of: selecting a high-fat, heat-stable cream cheese; preparing a raw dough selected from the group consisting of bagel dough, pizza dough, and bread dough; forming a composite product comprising raw dough and a quantity of the high-fat, heat-stable cream cheese, said cream cheese being completely or partially sealed by said dough; steaming the composite product to set the dough; and frying or baking the set composite product.
The invention extends to a product produced by a process as described above.
3b 06/02 '01 TUE 11:27 [TX/RX NO 7979] I.,i r I ,T 11 According to a third aspect of the invention, there is provided a process for making a filled dough product, the process including the steps of: mixing and kneading flour, salt, yeast and water to form a yeast dough; forming a composite product comprising high-fat, heat-stable cream cheese and yeast dough, with the cream cheese at least partially exposed; proofing the composite product to activate said yeast to raise said dough through fermentation; setting the proofed product by boiling or steaming to form a set product; and baking or frying the set product.
It is an advantage of the present invention that a cream cheese-filled bagel fo dough product is formed which provides enjoyment of the distinctive bagel and cream cheese taste, with no requirement for cutting or spreading the cheese.
Further, a cream cheese-filled bagel dough product which can be stored for S. long periods of time in a freezer is provided.
It is yet a further advantage that a bagel dough product which has the shape and feel of a conventional toroidal bagel is created, yet which is provided with a cream cheese filling.
It is yet a further advantage of the invention that a bagel product is provided in a shape which has advantages over a bagel ball.
3c 06/02 '01 TUE 11:27 [TX/RX NO 7979] A novel Sis created. product which comprises cream cheese/ wnerein the cream cheese is partially exposed prior to setting as well as prior to and baking or frying,/wherein the set product is easily stored and transported, and wherein the set product can be readily baked or fried to provide a distinct party food, snack food, or breakfast food enjoyment. Further, the food product is compatible with a wide variety of seasonings and flavorings, and can be adapted to the local taste, hot Cajun style, herbal California style, lox New York style, etc.
Despite the apparent technical contradictions between the bagel preparation process and the cream cheese handling requirements, the present inventor discovered that a filled bagel dough product can be produced by a method comprising sealing a quantity of cream cheese within a quantity of bagel dough to form a shaped, filled bagel dough article (such as a toroid or a platelet), proofing the shaped product, optionally oo chilling the proofed, shaped product to reduce the filler core temperature, and then steaming or boiling the product, 9* 4 *eoc WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 freezing the product for long term storage, and 'subsequently baking or frying or otherwise browning to form an appetizing crust; or steaming or boiling the chilled product, and baking or frying or browning the product. Particularly in the case that the cream cheese is a thermally stable cream cheese, it is not necessary that the cream cheese be completely sealed in bagel dough, and part of the cream cheese may be exposed even during the setting and browning (baking or frying) processes.
In the case of forming the toroidal bagel product, the filled shape can be produced by any suitable technique such as co-extrusion, forming by hand, or by laminating an upper hemispherical bagel shell to a cream cheese filled lower hemispherical bagel shell.
In the case of forming a platelet shaped product, the filled shape can be produced by any suitable technique such as forming a filled ball or other shape and compressing the shape, preferably to a greater extent centrally than peripherally, to form a platelet, or by a laminating process wherein cream cheese is deposited onto a lower bagel shell layer, an upper shell layer is superposed and laminated to the lower bagel shell layer to seal cream cheese between the upper and lower layers, and if necessary, cutting or trimming the filled product to any desired pattern or shape.
The step of setting prior to cooking forms an external and an internal skin, sets the yeast, and forms a wet crust. That is, as the cheese inside the product gets hot it gives off steam which steams the inside wall of the bagel product.
Surprisingly, the product of the invention can be freezer stored, where traditional solid cream cheese could not be freezer stored because the uncooked cream cheese curdles.
WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 Prior to being offered for sale the food product may be fully cooked (including baking to'brown the outer crust) or may be partially cooked, and may be frozen for long periods of time. The frozen product may be put directly into an oven, and when removed, has the texture and taste of a traditional bagel, except that it is filled with cream cheese.
The' .sppcific embodiments which follow may be readily utilized as a basis for modifying or designing other filled bread products for carrying out the same purposes of the present invention.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS Fig. '1 is a partial cut-away perspective view of the filled bagel dough product formed by an extrusion process.
Fig. 2a is a side view' of the open-ended hollow bagel dough ball before insertion of the filling.
Fig. 2b is a side view of the open-ended hollow bagel dough ball with the cream cheese filling placed within the hollow.
Fig. 3 shows a filled bagel ball prior to deformation.
Fig. 4 is a side sectional view of a platelet.
*Fig. 5 is a top view of the platelet Fig. 4.
Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view of Fig. 4, with the product receiving steam.
Fig. 7 is a cross-sectional view of Fig. 4, with the product receiving heat.
Fig. 8 is a schematic diagram showing the automated production of a cream cheese filled bagel dough product in a lamination process.
o* iv WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION The preferred ingredients to be used in the invention will be discussed in detail.
Filler The term "cream cheese", as used herein, is intended to refer to any product which can be incorporated in a bagel dough and which gives off sufficient steam in the steaming or baking step of the processes discussed below for forming a skin on the interior surface of the filled bagel dough product. For ease of description the term "cream cheese" is used in the specification, but it is understood that substitutes such as tofu, artificial or imitation cream cheese, marmalade, egg, etc. may be used together with or in place of natural cream cheese.
The cream cheese most preferably used in the present invention is a substantially pure, high fat, heat stable low water content) cream cheese. For example, Philadelphia Free Cream Cheese having 30 calories per 1 oz serving, of which 0 calories is from fat, is not a high fat heat stable cream cheese. Philadelphia Light Cream Cheese having 70 calories per 1 oz serving, of which 64 calories is from fat, is also not a high fat heat stable cream cheese. Philadelphia Cream Cheese having 100 calories per 1 oz serving, of which 90 calories is from fat, is a high fat heat stable cream cheese.
The cream cheese according to the present invention may be in admixture with other ingredients which do not materially alter the above characteristics of the cream cheese. For example, the cream cheese may be intimately mixed with heat stable ingredients such as pepper, dried onion, sausage, or dried fish. It may be displaced by jellies or jams or chocolate, these ingredients may be marbled into the WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 cream cheese without diluting or materially altering the cream cheese component, such that the cream cheese component is a discrete component recognizable as having the above characteristics.
The characteristics of the preferred cream cheese are as follows: at least 75 fat calories per ounce, preferably 80 fat calories per ounce, most preferably 90 fat calories per ounce; water content less than 15% prior to cooking, preferably less than 10% prior to cooking, most preferably less than prior to cooking; heat stable a one ounce cube will not deform or denature when exposed to 550°F dry heat or 212°F steam for 2 minutes, reaching a core temperature of at least 140°F, preferably heat stable at core temperatures below 170 0 F, most preferably heat stable to core temperatures of 200 0
F.
Preparing baqel dough Although the present invention is not limited to bagel dough, bagel dough is preferred and the invention will be illustrated with examples using bagel dough. The term "bagel dough" as used herein refers to a very turgid, high protein dough, such as known to make bagels using conventional bagelmaking techniques. Such dough is similar to a lean French bread dough, being firm to the touch and easily rolled upon a floured surface. The dough is comprised of a mixture of flour, water, yeast, salt, and, sometimes, sugar. The flour should be a high gluten flour, such as a good clear spring wheat flour with protein content of typically 13.5-14% of flour weight.
Water should be added in a quantity of typically 48-53% of flour weight. Salt content should typically be 1.5-2.2% of WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 flour weight. Yeast should be added in a quantity of typically 0.5-2% of flour weight. Sugar, which serves as a food for the yeast and not as a contributor to the final product, should be a dextrose, corn syrup, high fructose or other fermentable sugar, and can be added up to 4% of flour weight. Residual sugar contributes to the browning of the crust during baking.
Shaping the product In accordance with the invention, a filled bagel dough product may be produced by any number of processes.
The process may begin with a hollow spherical cup or other shape of stiff, high gluten yeast dough. A quantity of cream cheese is deposited within the cup. The dough edges are brought up and over and sealed around the cream cheese to form a filled ball. This ball forming step may by a manual step or may be a mechanical step as exemplified by, for example, U.S.
Patent Nos. 4,334,464, 4,446,160 and 4,515,819 to Shinriki, wherein a ball-shaped encrusted bakery product is automatically formed by depositing a ball of sticky edible paste material jam) onto a starch film. Thereafter, a dough sheet is gathered around the ball to enclose it with dough. In accordance with the present invention, this filled shape is proofed, set and frozen for shipment to fast food outlets where it is fried, seasoned, and served hot.
For forming a torroidal bagel or small bite sized bagel bits, coextrusion is particularly preferred. Such a tube with a cream cheese center and a bread product exterior can be shaped into a bagel shape or can be sliced into bite-sized bits which can be further processed. Coextrusion is well know in the bakery product art. For example, U.S. Patent No. 4,251,201 to Krysiak illustrates an apparatus for the preparation of a WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 filled pretzel. Such filled shapes are also within the contemplation of the invention. Further, U.S. Patent No.
4,882,185 to Hayashi, a vertical tubular extrusion of bread dough crust material and jam or cream core material is cut and formed into two-layered balls without exposure of the core material. Other methods of production of filled dough products are described in U.S. Patent Nos. 4,794,009 and 4,882,185.
The preferred form of the filled bagel dough product of the present invention, shown in Fig. 1, may be made by hand or may be made in an automated fashion, using suitable machinery, such as shown in Fig. 8.
As shown in Fig. i, the filled bagel dough product 10 is platelet shaped, possibly having a shallow recess 12 inside the edges. The finished bagel product 10 is a steamed and browned bagel dough product having an outer crust 20 and an inner crumb 16 which surrounds a disk shape of cream cheese 22.
The invention also pertains to ball shaped bagels, and to products using ball shaped bagels as intermediate shapes in the forming of the final products. As shown in Fig. 2a, after the bagel dough is mixed and kneaded to develop the gluten, it is shaped into a cup 11, open on one end 14, exposing a hollow 18.
As illustrated in Fig. 2b, a scoop of cream cheese 22, such as PHILADELPHIA BRAND (TM) at about 4-16 0 C is inserted into the hollow 18 through the open end 14. The open end 14 is then closed to hermetically seal the cream cheese 22 within the dough ball 11 as shown in Fig. 3. The round sealed ball 11 may be about the size of a nickel prior to proofing. Such a starting product will form a food product approximately the size of a golf ball following proofing and steaming. The size of the food product may vary depending upon intended use. In one form, the final food product may be the size of popcorn, WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 and may be consumed in a single bite. In the case that the food product is the size of a golf ball, two or more bites may be sufficient to ingest the food product.
In the case of platelet shaped food products as discussed below, the product may also be rather large, such as 1-2 Kg., in which case a single food product may serve as a meal, and may be sliced in the manner of a pizza prior to consumption.
The dough ball 11 as shown in Fig. 3 may then be subject to a further forming step. It may be flattened to form a platelet as shown in Fig. 1.
The process for forming the shaped bagel products according to the invention may be as varied as the products themselves. The products may be in any of a variety of shapes and sizes. The product may be elongated, circular, diamond shaped, hexagonal, or even in the shape of a pretzel. The product may be anywhere from about 5 gm. to about 1 Kg., and from about 1 cm in diameter to about 20 cm in diameter for a single serving size, or larger for a multi-serving "pizza" type product.
Proofing The filled bagel product is then placed to proof within a warm cabinet or unheated oven for 25-90 minutes, preferably minutes at approximately 27-50 0 C, preferably 32-45 0 C, which permits the yeast to raise the dough.
Chilling Subsequent to proofing, the product may be chilled before steaming. Chilling is not necessary, particularly when using low water content cream cheese which has been discovered to he thermally stable, but chilling provides the cream cheese with a WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 cool internal temperature which helps protects the cream cheese during steaming, the chilling step should cool the internal cream cheese enough to prevent denaturalization of the cream during steaming, while effectively pasteurizing the cream cheese and giving the cream cheese freezable characteristics as discussed above.
The product 10 is chilled until the cream cheese 22 is about 4-10°C. This step prevents the cream cheese 22 from becoming denaturalized by the heat of the steaming process, thus, preserving texture and taste.
Steaming/Boiling The filled, shaped, proofed and chilled bagel dough product may be steamed for approximately 3-10 minutes, preferably about 5 minutes, or boiled for a few minutes, in a cooking step to provide a wet crust.
As shown in Fig. 6, the product 10 is placed in a steamer preferably for about 5 minutes to enable the hot steam 26 to set the yeast of the crust 20 sufficiently to skin the outside crust 20. The cream cheese 22 contributes to this step as it provides steam within the bagel shell which causes the inner surface of the bagel product 10 to form a skin 17. During this steaming step the product 10 may be supported by a hollow mold, preferably of a porous material, to maintain its shape.
The step of steaming the cheese-filled dough ball acts chemically to modify the cream cheese and enable the cheese to be frozen, together with the bagel shell, so that the texture of the cheese, upon reheating, is the same as if it had never been frozen. Thus, not only does the process of the invention provide a novel bakery product that provides both bagel and cream cheese in a conveniently packaged, prepared combination, WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 but it enables lengthening of the cream cheese shelf-life over what would normally be available for separately sold bagels and cream cheese.
Chilling Prior to placing in an oven, the product is preferably, but not necessarily, slightly chilled. Chilling the product after the outside had been set by steaming cools the cream cheese filling enough to prevent denaturalization of the cream during baking, while effectively pasteurizing the cream cheese and giving the cream cheese freezable characteristics as discussed above. The product 10 is chilled until the cream cheese 22 is about 4-10°C. This step prevents the cream cheese 22 from becoming denaturedby the heat of the baking process, thus, keeping its texture and taste.
However, in the case of using a heat stable cream cheese, this chilling step prior to baking or frying is usually not necessary.
Egg wash The product 10 may be glazed with egg wash prior to the baking step and may be filled with other products, such as poppy seeds, onion, etc., to enhance the flavor and to accommodate the tastes and specific desires of individual consumers.
Toppings At any time subsequent to proofing, toppings such as cheese, tomatoes, spinach, etc. may be applied to the top of the bagel dough product, particularly the platelet shaped product. Topping prior to baking results in the topping being WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 more firmly adhered to the bagel product, which facilitates handling, transporting, packaging, and consumption.
Impinger Conveyor Oven The steamed and optionally chilled product may next be placed in an oven for approximately 1-10 minutes, preferably about 2 minutes, of browning (depending upon temperature, type oven, and size of filled product) As shown in Fig. 7, the product 10 is browned through applied heat 28 in an impinger conveyor oven (similar to a commercial pizza oven) for approximately 2 minutes.
The yeast is most likely fully deactivated prior to the browning step, but any remaining active yeast may continue to ferment within the crumb 16 for a short period to reduce the size of gas cells in the annular interior of the baked product The finished dough texture becomes compacted, since the crusts 16, 17 have already been set during the steaming step.
It is yet a further surprising discovery that a filled bagel product prepared in accordance with the present invention may be baked for an extended period of time to produce a product with a low moisture content, providing a nontraditional bagel dough product which can be stored for long periods without freezing or refrigeration. This dried product is an ideal snack food.
Fryincr Another option is to take the filled bagel product and, instead of baking in an oven, frying in a conventional manner and then dipping the product in sugar to make a confectionery type of bagel product or coating with a seasoning to serve as a snack food. The cream cheese may either be encased completely WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 in dough, or, in the case of using a heat stable cream cheese-, the cream cheese may be partially exposed during the steaming and baking or frying steps. A product made by simultaneously frying both the exposed bread dough and exposed cream cheese is completely unique.
Blast Freezer The product 10 may be frozen at any time after proofing and steaming or boiling. For home consumption, for the convenience of the consumer, the dough preferably frozen after the partial or complete browning step. For retail outlets such as fast food establishments in the business of serving fried foods, the proofed set product is preferably frozen immediately after setting. The product may be stored in a freezer for up to one year without deterioration, or up to one month in a refrigerator without deterioration.
The inventive process produces freezable cream cheese 22 which ordinarily would curdle if frozen, or from which liquids would separate from solids during thawing. The steaming step, as shown in Fig. 18, acts chemically to enable the cream cheese 22 to be frozen, together with the bagel shell. Further, upon reheating within the bagel shell, the cream cheese 22 is restored to its original texture and flavor. Thus, the product not only provides a freezable, cream cheese 22 filled bagel product which, upon reheating, is extremely tasty and provides the same enjoyment as conventional heated bagels which are cut open and filled with cream cheese, the product 10 also allows the lengthening of the shelf-life of the cream cheese 22 through allowing it to be frozen. The one year period of storage far exceeds the storage capability of separately sold conventional bagels and cream cheese.
WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 Packaain Any conventional packaging process may be used.
Consumption The resulting product is a cream cheese-filled or bearing bagel dough product which can be fried or defrosted or heated to provide enjoyment of the distinctive bagel and cream cheese taste, with no requirement for cutting or spreading the cheese.
The process of the invention enables the steamed product to be frozen, including the cream cheese, for extended periods with no deterioration in quality.
The proofed, steamed product may be sold to consumers in a frozen state, and may be thawed, micro-waved or, preferably, fried, baked or otherwise browned by the consumer prior to consumption. The product need not be thawed prior to baking, and may be microwaved or baked while still frozen. The thawed or frozen product is placed in a hot oven for approximately 1preferably about 2 minutes, of browning (the time varying according to the mass of the individual products). During browning the steam given off by the filling steams and forms a skin on the inside of the shell. The resulting product is a cream cheese-filled bagel dough product which provides enjoyment of the distinctive bagel and cream cheese taste, with no requirement for cutting or spreading the cheese.
In an alternative embodiment of the invention, the product may be proofed and frozen prior to steaming, and may be steamed subsequent to prolonged storage.
Further, the product may even be grilled in much the same way that a grilled cheese sandwich is prepared. Such a product is crunchy outside, warm and soft inside, low-fat, and can be WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 sold directly to the consumer in much the same way that slices of pizza are currently being sold.
In yet a further embodiment, the filled balls or other shapes may be baked to the point that the bagel shell and cream cheese are dehydrated, forming a dry product which may be stored without requiring freezing. This dried product has a crunchy mouth-feel and can compete with potato chips, nachos, etc.
The product may have been baked or browned prior to being frozen and sold to the consumer, or may have been frozen without baking or with only partial baking.
In the case that the product is frozen without having been baked, the frozen or thawed composite is placed in a heated oven by the consumer, and during baking the steam given off by the filling steams and forms a skin on the inside of the shell.
In the case that the product is browned or partially baked prior to freezing and selling to the consumer, the filling in the filled bagel product gives of steam during the baking process, which forms a skin in the inside wall of the bagel dough shell. This skin allows for cold storage of the composite, and for secondary baking by the consumer to further form a crust on the outside of the shell.
Thus, not only does the process provide a novel bakery product that provides both bagel and cream cheese in a conveniently packaged, prepared combination, but it enables lengthening of the cream cheese shelf-life over what would normally be available for separately sold bagels and cream cheese.
Variations The filled dough product, in addition to being filled with WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 cream cheese, may also be filled with other traditional bagel topping, such as onions, poppy seeds, or lox. The surface may be shined or glazed, if desired, with an egg or other wash.
Lamination process The invention further includes a process which can be used to produce a platelet shaped filled bagel dough product, and preferably a relatively large (half pound) platelet shaped filled bagel dough product.
In accordance with this process, as shown in Fig. 8, a sheet of bagel dough 80 is conveyed along conveyor belt 81 in the direction from left to right as shown in Fig. 8. A quantity of cream cheese or other filler is deposited from reservoir 82 through outlet 83 onto the lower sheet of bagel dough 80, preferably in the shape of circular paddies about cm high and 10 cm in diameter. These paddies may be formed by any technique, such as wire cutting of a solidified elongate tubular 10 cm diameter cream cheese feed. As the dough advances further to the right a top sheet or layer of bagel dough 85 is conveyed by conveyor belt 86 and deposited over the lower sheet of bagel dough 80 and filler 84. A drum shaped cookie-cutter type cutting device 87 is used to cut around the perimeter of the filling, and at the same time to laminate the upper and lower sheets of bagel material to each other at the circumferential area of contact. The material around the cut out area is removed, and the cut out laminated products are further processed as discussed above. As the relatively planar shape proofs, it tends to grow upwardly rather than outwardly, so that a 12 cm diameter dough product will rise while proofing but will remain close to 12 cm in diameter.
The advantage of the lamination technique is the ease of WO 98/05214 PCT/US97/10090 forming products of any desired shape, such as squares, hexagons, or decorative ornamental shapes.
The end product for consumption is an approximately 12 cm in diameter, approximately 0.25 Kg. novel food item which has all the desirable characteristics described above, and permits toppings to be easily applied and retained to the upper surface, and which further can serve as a snack or meal for one or more people.
In order to permanently adhere the toppings to the upper surface, it is possible to add a quick baking or melting step.
Although the filled bread product was described herein with great detail with respect to an embodiment comprising i-cream cheese filled in a bagel shell, it will be readily apparent that the combination is capable of use in a number of other applications. Although this invention has been described in its preferred form with a certain of particularity with respect to a cream cheese filled bagel dough product, it is understood that the present disclosure of the preferred form has been made only by way of example and that numerous changes in the details of structures and the composition of the .9 combination may be resorted to without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.
9*94

Claims (12)

  1. 7- 2-01 11 :45 ;PIZZEYS 3/ THE CLAIMS DEFINING THE INVENTION ARE AS FOLLOWS: 1. A process for making a filled dough product, the process including the steps of: mixing and kneading flour, salt, yeast and water to form a yeast dough; forming a composite product comprising high-fat, heat-stable cream cheese and yeast dough, by co-extrusion; proofing the composite product to activate said yeast dough to raise said yeast dough through fermentation; setting the proofed product by boiling or steaming to form a set product; and baking or frying the set product. 2. A process as claimed in claim 1, which includes the step of forming the product into the shape of a traditional toroidal bagel. 3. A process as claimed in claim 1 or claim 2, wherein said dough is a bagel dough. 4. A process as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes the step of baking said product under conditions to produce a substantially dehydrated product. A process as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes the step of freezing the composite product at any time prior to baking or frying. 6. A process as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes the step of chilling the product to cool the core temperature of the product at any time prior to any of the steaming, boiling, baking or frying steps. 07/02 '01 WED 12:50 [TX/RX NO 80021 7- 2-01;11:45 ;PIZZEYS 4/ 7. A process as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, which includes the step of applying a sugar or a spice coating to said product following baking or frying the composite product.
  2. 8. A product produced by a process as claimed in any one of the preceding claims.
  3. 9. A process for making a filled dough product, the process including the steps of: mixing and kneading flour, salt, yeast and water to form a yeast dough; forming a composite product comprising high-fat, heat-stable cream cheese and yeast dough, with the cream cheese at least partially exposed; proofing the composite product to activate said yeast to raise said dough through fermentation; setting the proofed product by boiling or steaming to form a set product; and baking or frying the set product.
  4. 10. A process as claimed in claim 9, wherein said composite product is formed by co-extrusion.
  5. 11. A process as claimed in claim 9 or claim 10, which includes the step of forming the product into the shape of a traditional toroidal bagel.
  6. 12. A process as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 11, wherein said dough is a bagel dough.
  7. 13. A process as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 12, which includes the step of baking said product under conditions to produce a substantially dehydrated product. ~21 07/02 '01 WED 12:50 [TX/RX NO 8002] 7- 2-01;11:45 ;PIZZEYS 5/
  8. 14. A process as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 13, which includes the step of forming the composite product by forming a shell of said yeast bagel dough around and enclosing a quantity of the cream cheese so that said quantity of cream cheese forms a cream cheese filler material core, with said bagel shell having an outer surface and an inner surface. A process as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 14, which includes the step of freezing the composite product at any time prior to baking or frying.
  9. 16. A process as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 15, which includes the step of chilling the product to cool the core temperature of the product at any time prior to any of the steaming, boiling, baking or frying steps.
  10. 17. A process as claimed in any one of claims 9 to 16, which includes the step of applying a sugar or a spice coating to said product following baking or frying the composite product.
  11. 18. A new process for making a filled dough product, substantially as described herein, with reference to the accompanying drawings.
  12. 19. A new filled dough product, substantially as described herein, with reference to the accompanying drawings. 2 S22 07/02 '01 WED 12:50 [TX/RX NO 8002]
AU32339/97A 1991-12-31 1997-06-09 Filled bagel product and method Ceased AU731625B2 (en)

Priority Applications (5)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
US68929496A true 1996-08-06 1996-08-06
US08/689294 1996-08-06
US08/823,803 US6001400A (en) 1991-12-31 1997-03-24 Process for producing combination cream cheese and bagel dough product
US08/823803 1997-03-24
PCT/US1997/010090 WO1998005214A1 (en) 1996-08-06 1997-06-09 Filled bagel product and method

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AU54069/01A AU772059B2 (en) 1996-08-06 2001-06-26 Filled bagel product and method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5654021A (en) * 1991-12-31 1997-08-05 Burger; Alvin Process for preparing a filled steamed bagel product
US6180151B1 (en) 1999-06-10 2001-01-30 The Pillsbury Company Leavened dough extrusion process
US7592026B2 (en) * 2005-09-14 2009-09-22 Jeno F. Paulucci Filled bread product and a method for making the product
US8304008B2 (en) * 2005-09-14 2012-11-06 Bellisio Foods, Inc. Frozen filled yeast-leavened bread product and a method for making the product
GB2538243B (en) * 2015-05-11 2021-07-28 Lawlor Harry Cheese product
RU193138U1 (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-10-15 Закрытое акционерное общество "Хлебокомбинат Петровский" Bakery product for making snacks
RU192086U1 (en) * 2019-06-03 2019-09-03 Закрытое акционерное общество "Хлебокомбинат Петровский" Bakery product for making snacks
CN110786354B (en) * 2019-11-22 2021-04-27 安徽顶康食品有限公司 Production cylinder core injection device for blackberry biscuit

Citations (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5236724A (en) * 1991-12-31 1993-08-17 Alvin Burger Filled bagel dough product and method

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JPH0135633B2 (en) * 1983-06-24 1989-07-26 Rjr Nabisco
US5654021A (en) * 1991-12-31 1997-08-05 Burger; Alvin Process for preparing a filled steamed bagel product

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5236724A (en) * 1991-12-31 1993-08-17 Alvin Burger Filled bagel dough product and method

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EP0923296A4 (en) 2004-11-10
WO1998005214A1 (en) 1998-02-12
AU3233997A (en) 1998-02-25
EP0923296A1 (en) 1999-06-23
CA2259211C (en) 2006-06-06
GB2362554B (en) 2002-10-09
CA2259211A1 (en) 1998-02-12
GB2362554A (en) 2001-11-28

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