WO2022165951A1 - 一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷 - Google Patents

一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022165951A1
WO2022165951A1 PCT/CN2021/083183 CN2021083183W WO2022165951A1 WO 2022165951 A1 WO2022165951 A1 WO 2022165951A1 CN 2021083183 W CN2021083183 W CN 2021083183W WO 2022165951 A1 WO2022165951 A1 WO 2022165951A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
tarpaulin
strut
canopy
support
tent
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PCT/CN2021/083183
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English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
孙渊儒
徐伟军
何健
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浙江健盛休闲用品有限公司
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Application filed by 浙江健盛休闲用品有限公司 filed Critical 浙江健盛休闲用品有限公司
Priority to US17/299,793 priority Critical patent/US11634925B2/en
Priority to JP2021600068U priority patent/JP3240911U/ja
Publication of WO2022165951A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022165951A1/zh

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/32Parts, components, construction details, accessories, interior equipment, specially adapted for tents, e.g. guy-line equipment, skirts, thresholds
    • E04H15/34Supporting means, e.g. frames
    • E04H15/44Supporting means, e.g. frames collapsible, e.g. breakdown type
    • E04H15/46Supporting means, e.g. frames collapsible, e.g. breakdown type telescoping and foldable
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/32Parts, components, construction details, accessories, interior equipment, specially adapted for tents, e.g. guy-line equipment, skirts, thresholds
    • E04H15/34Supporting means, e.g. frames
    • E04H15/44Supporting means, e.g. frames collapsible, e.g. breakdown type
    • E04H15/48Supporting means, e.g. frames collapsible, e.g. breakdown type foldable, i.e. having pivoted or hinged means
    • E04H15/50Supporting means, e.g. frames collapsible, e.g. breakdown type foldable, i.e. having pivoted or hinged means lazy-tongs type
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/02Tents combined or specially associated with other devices
    • E04H15/10Heating, lighting or ventilating
    • E04H15/14Ventilating
    • E04H15/16Ventilating of tent roofs
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H15/00Tents or canopies, in general
    • E04H15/32Parts, components, construction details, accessories, interior equipment, specially adapted for tents, e.g. guy-line equipment, skirts, thresholds
    • E04H15/54Covers of tents or canopies

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of outdoor folding tents, in particular to a folding tent with a layered canopy.
  • tents are widely used in beaches, courtyards, lawns and other occasions.
  • double-top tents came into being.
  • the existing double-top tents have a small top set on the top.
  • a fixed structure is used, and the whole is usually a fixed canopy.
  • the folding canopies the structure with a suspended canopy in the middle is relatively rare, while the folding canopy can be opened and closed in one minute, which is simple to operate, easy to install, and lightweight and durable. It is easy to carry and has broad market prospects.
  • a double-top foldable awning which includes a foldable lower canopy frame and a lower canopy cloth, and the lower canopy cloth is covered on the lower canopy frame and is connected with the middle opening to fix it;
  • the upper canopy frame is movably connected to the lower canopy frame, and the upper canopy cloth is covered on the upper canopy frame to be connected and fixed.
  • the unfolding of the structure and the assembly of components are relatively cumbersome, resulting in a relatively poor overall use effect; in addition, after the tent is folded, the overall volume is relatively large due to the interference of the internal folding canopy, which affects the packaging. Size; in addition, the central canopy of the existing double-top folding tent is usually limited by the structure, resulting in a relatively small overall coverage area, which cannot be adjusted according to needs; After the upper canopy frame is folded, the upper canopy frame usually continues to expand outward to the upper tarpaulin, which causes the upper tarpaulin to remain in a state of tension. Open, when the folding tent is opened, the upper tarpaulin covered by it is prone to collapse, which affects the appearance.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to provide a folding tent with a layered canopy to solve the above-mentioned technical problems, and has the characteristics of stable and compact structure, and smooth extension and folding.
  • a folding tent with a layered canopy includes tent legs, a beam assembly connected between the tent legs, and a canopy assembly for supporting a tarpaulin, the canopy assembly including a first canopy unit and a second canopy.
  • Two canopy units the first canopy unit is located in the middle, the second canopy unit surrounds the first canopy unit, and the first canopy unit includes a first canopy for supporting the The tarpaulin support of the first tarpaulin and the linkage rod used to link the tarpaulin support to fold, the middle part of the tarpaulin support is hinged with the first support rod, and one end of the tarpaulin support is linked with the linkage
  • the rod is hinged, the other end is a free end, and the other end of the linkage rod is hinged with the second support rod; when the folding tent is fully unfolded, the free end of the tarpaulin support is inclined outward and upward, and the tarpaulin support The free end of the piece is used to support the first
  • the tarpaulin supporter is provided with a rod insertion slot and a support rod through hole.
  • the insertion rod slot is used to cooperate with the first support rod, and the first support rod penetrates through the tent.
  • the strut through hole is hingedly matched with the two side walls of the strut through hole.
  • the tarpaulin support is also provided with tarpaulin hooks, the tarpaulin hooks are used to fix the corners of the first tarpaulin, and the tarpaulin hooks are located at the back of the embedded rod groove.
  • the tarpaulin supporter includes a tarpaulin strut body and a tarpaulin hook seat located at the end of the tarpaulin stay body, the tarpaulin hook seat is located at the free end of the tarpaulin stay, and the tarpaulin
  • the middle part of the strut body is hinged with the first strut, and the other end is hinged with the linkage rod.
  • the linkage rod and the second strut are hingedly matched through a hinge seat, and the two ends of the hinge seat are respectively used to connect the linkage rod and the end of the second strut.
  • One end of the hinge seat is used for hinged or fixed fit with the end of the linkage rod, and the other end is hinged and fit with the end of the second strut.
  • One end of the first strut is hinged with the center top plate, and the other end is hinged with the second strut, and the other end of the second strut is hinged with the leg tube top seat, and the leg tube top seat is located in the tent leg tube.
  • the hinge point of the first strut and the second strut is close to the end of the second strut, and a ferrule is also provided between the hinge point and the end of the second strut.
  • the clamping sleeve includes a collar part and a clamping groove part, the collar part is fixedly sleeved on the second strut, the clamping groove part is provided with an open groove, and the open groove is used for clamping the first support rod.
  • a strut A strut.
  • the lower part of the central top plate is matched with a central chassis, a plurality of short bone struts are hinged on the central chassis, the other end of the short bone struts is hinged to the middle of the first strut, the central chassis and the central top plate Form the center lock.
  • the present invention has the following outstanding advantages and effects: by optimizing the design of the tarpaulin support piece combined with the linkage rod, the invention realizes the extension or contraction cooperation with the first support rod and the second support rod, which can facilitate the first awning
  • the layered construction of the cloth forms a suspended roof structure, which makes the overall appearance more aesthetically pleasing, and at the same time facilitates the exhaust of the roof and improves the performance of the folding tent; the hinged seat structure is optimized to make the overall stretching and folding smoother; the tarpaulin is optimized
  • the support piece can avoid the interference of the volume after the collapse, and ensure the original volume and have a good suspension roof support effect.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram one of the overall unfolded structure of the present invention.
  • FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram 1 of the overall semi-expanded structure of the present invention.
  • Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram one of the overall folded structure of the present invention.
  • Fig. 4 is the partial enlarged structural schematic diagram of A part of Fig. 1;
  • FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram 1 of the state structure of the tarpaulin support when the present invention is unfolded;
  • FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram 1 of the state structure of the tarpaulin support when the present invention is semi-deployed;
  • Figure 7 is a schematic structural diagram 1 of the state structure of the tarpaulin support when the tarpaulin is folded;
  • Fig. 8 is the first structural schematic diagram of the tarpaulin support of the present invention.
  • Figure 9 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the ferrule of the present invention.
  • FIG. 10 is a schematic diagram 2 of the overall unfolded structure of the present invention.
  • Figure 11 is a schematic diagram 2 of the overall semi-expanded structure of the present invention.
  • Figure 12 is a schematic diagram 2 of the overall folded structure of the present invention.
  • FIG. 13 is a schematic diagram of a partially enlarged structure of part B of FIG. 10;
  • Fig. 14 is the second structural schematic diagram of the state of the tarpaulin support when the present invention is unfolded;
  • 15 is a second structural schematic diagram of the state of the tarpaulin support when the present invention is semi-deployed;
  • Figure 16 is a second structural schematic diagram of the state of the tarpaulin support when the tarpaulin is folded;
  • Fig. 17 is the second structural schematic diagram of the tarpaulin support of the present invention.
  • FIG. 18 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the tarpaulin of the present invention.
  • a folding tent with a layered canopy includes tent leg tubes 1, a beam assembly 7 connected between the tent leg tubes 1 and a canopy roof assembly for supporting the tarpaulin.
  • the beam assembly 7 It usually consists of several beams and struts hinged to each other, wherein the center of the folding tent is the inner end.
  • the canopy assembly includes a first canopy unit and a second canopy unit, the first canopy unit is located in the middle, and the second canopy unit surrounds the first canopy unit, usually the first canopy unit is higher than the second canopy unit
  • the canopy unit, in which the first canopy unit is located at the center position, can be in other shapes such as a square roof, a dome, etc., as long as the opening in the middle of the second canopy unit can be covered.
  • the first canopy unit includes a first tarpaulin 91 , a tarpaulin support 3 for supporting the first tarpaulin 91 , and a linkage rod 4 for collapsing the tarpaulin support 3 .
  • one end of the tarpaulin support 3 is hinged with the linkage rod 4, the other end is a free end, and the other end of the linkage rod 4 is hinged with the second support rod 22;
  • the tarpaulin support The free end of the tarpaulin supporter 3 is inclined outward and upward, and the free end of the tarpaulin supporter 3 is used to support the first tarpaulin 91;
  • the flip-up drive can quickly complete the overall unfolding of the foldable tent, and its unfolding or folding is extremely smooth and will not cause interference; the flip structure design of the tarpaulin support 3 is optimally used, which can make the first tarpaulin 91 shrink when the first tarpaulin 91 is retracted.
  • the tarpaulin 91 is in a fluffy state to avoid continuous tension, maintain the tension when the first tarpaulin 91 is unfolded, and improve the service life
  • the free end of the tarpaulin supporter 3 When the folding tent is fully unfolded, the free end of the tarpaulin supporter 3 is inclined outward and upward, and the free end of the tarpaulin supporter 3 is used to support the first tarpaulin 91, and the first tarpaulin 91 is completed from the loose state to the tensioned state.
  • the free end of the tarpaulin support 3 is turned inward, and the free end of the tarpaulin support 3 is used to fold the first tarpaulin 91, so that the first tarpaulin 91 is in a tensioned state. Collapse to a loose state.
  • the tarpaulin support 3 is also provided with tarpaulin hooks 33.
  • the tarpaulin hooks 33 are used to fix the corners of the first tarpaulin 91. Fixed installation of cloth.
  • the tarpaulin supporter 3 is provided with a pole insertion slot 31 and a pole through hole 32.
  • the insertion pole slot 31 is used to cooperate with the first pole 21, and the second pole A strut 21 penetrates through the through hole 32 of the strut, and is hingedly matched with the two side walls of the through hole 32 of the strut; wherein the slot 31 is a triangular groove structure.
  • the position of a strut 21 is gradually reduced towards the outside of the free end, and the design structure of the embedded rod slot 31 is optimized to reduce the overall volume, so as to avoid the impact on the size of the package after the overall collapse.
  • the rods 21 overlap, thereby reducing the size; using the structural design of the first strut 21 passing through the strut through hole 32, it can increase the overall stability of the tarpaulin support 3, and the cross design structure can reduce the volume and make it more compact.
  • the tarpaulin support 3 is usually a plastic part, which is directly injection-molded by opening the mold; the design of the free end of the tarpaulin support 3 can be adjusted according to the required length, so that the covering area of the first canopy unit is no longer limited. Can be increased or decreased.
  • the tarpaulin support 3 can also adopt the following design structure, which includes a tarpaulin strut body 34 and a tarpaulin hook seat 35 located at the end of the tarpaulin strut body 34.
  • the tarpaulin hook seat 35 Located at the free end of the tarpaulin support member 3, the middle part of the tarpaulin support rod body 34 is hinged with the first support rod 21, and the other end is hinged with the linkage rod 4.
  • this design is more concise, and the tarpaulin support rod body 34 is relatively
  • the tarpaulin support 3 with the rod insertion slot 31 and the through hole 32 of the tarpaulin has a lower cost; the tarpaulin hook seat 35 is used for fixed installation with the edge of the first tarpaulin 91; at the same time, this design structure can increase the tarpaulin
  • the length is the outward extension of the free end, which can increase the covering area of the first canopy unit.
  • the design of the free end of the tarpaulin support 3 can be adjusted according to the required length, so that the covering area of the first canopy unit is no longer Limits can be increased or decreased as needed.
  • the linkage rod 4 and the second strut 22 are hingedly matched through the hinge seat 8, and the two ends of the hinge seat 8 are respectively used to connect the end of the linkage rod 4 and the second strut 22; the hinge seat 8 One end is used for hingedly fitting with the end of the linkage rod 4, and the other end is hingedly fitted with the end of the second strut 22; wherein, the hinged joint of the first strut 21 and the second strut 22, the hinge seat 8, and the linkage rod 4 A movable quadrilateral is formed around the hinge joint with the tarpaulin support 3, the tarpaulin strut 3 and the first strut 21, and the quadrilateral-like shape changes as the tent is folded or unfolded; the hinge seat 8 is optimally designed The structure is used to increase the movable stroke between the linkage rod 4 and the second strut 22.
  • the linkage rod 4 can be directly hinged with the second strut 22, but the overall deformation movement of this design is relatively rigid, which is easy to cause interference, the hinge seat 8 can increase the deformation tolerance rate, making the overall expansion or contraction smoother and more convenient; usually the hinge seat 8, the second strut 22 and the linkage rod 4 are hinged structures, which can increase the amount of deformation; In the embodiment, it may be a single-end hinged design, and the other end may be a fixed design, usually a hinged seat 8 to be fixedly matched with the end of the linkage rod 4 .
  • one end of the first strut 21 is hinged with the central top plate 5, the other end is hinged with the second strut 22, and the other end of the second strut 22 is hinged with the leg tube top seat 11.
  • a strut 21 and a second strut 22 are usually combined to form a tent strut 2, which is mainly used for supporting the tarpaulin.
  • the leg tube top seat 11 is located on the upper part of the tent leg tube 1, wherein the second strut 22 is used to support the second The tarpaulin 92, wherein the outer end portion of the first strut 21 is used to support the second tarpaulin 92, or the outermost end of the free end of the tarpaulin support 3 extends to the end of the second strut 22, then the first strut 21 can be There is no need to support the second tarpaulin 92; the hinge point of the first strut 21 and the second strut 22 is close to the end of the second strut 22, and a clamp is also provided between the hinge point and the end of the second strut 22
  • the sleeve 23, the clamping sleeve 23 includes a collar part 232 and a clamping groove part 231, the collar part 232 is fixedly sleeved on the second strut 22, and the clamping groove part 231 is provided with an open groove, and the open groove is used for
  • the second strut 22 can also be formed by two or more struts hinged at the head and tail, and different designs are made according to the specifications of the existing folding tent.
  • the lower part of the central top plate 5 is matched with a central chassis 51, on which is hinged a number of short bone struts 6, the other end of the short bone struts 6 is hinged to the middle of the first strut 21, and the central chassis 51 and the center top plate 5 constitute a center lock, and the center lock structure adopts a design structure commonly used in the prior art, and its specific structure is not repeated here.
  • the specific working principle of the present invention is as follows: when the folding tent is in a retracted state, when it is unfolded as a whole, along with the separation of the tent leg tubes 1, the beam assembly 7 and the entire canopy are unfolded with reference to the folding tent in the prior art.
  • the unfolded structure wherein, when the folded tent is in the retracted state, the inner end of the first strut 21 is at a high position, the hinged position of the first strut 21 and the second strut 22 is at a low position, and the second strut 22 and the leg tube top seat 11 are in a low position.
  • the hinged position is at a high position.
  • the hinged position of the first strut 21 and the second strut 22 changes, and the first strut 21
  • the original angle with the second strut 22 tends to be 0°, and the angle gradually increases, and the second strut 22 drives the hinge seat to change, so that the hinge seat 8 drives the linkage rod 4 to gradually move away from the first strut, the first The four-sided quadrilateral formed at the hinge joint of the strut 21 and the second strut 22, the hinge seat 8, the linkage rod 4 and the tarpaulin support 3, and the hinge joint of the tarpaulin strut 3 and the first strut 21 is deformed, and the tent is deformed.
  • the linkage rod 4 drives the tarpaulin support 3 to complete the inversion, wherein the free end of the tarpaulin support 3 completes the inversion in an arc-shaped trajectory, thereby completing the unfolding of the first tarpaulin 91 .
  • the invention realizes the expansion or contraction cooperation with the first support rod and the second support rod, which facilitates the layered construction of the first tarpaulin, forms a suspended roof structure, and makes the overall appearance beautiful
  • the sensitivity is better, at the same time, it is convenient for the exhaust of the roof and improves the performance of the folding tent;
  • the hinged seat structure is optimized to make the overall stretching and folding smoother;
  • the tarpaulin support is optimized to avoid volume interference after folding and ensure the original volume At the same time, it has a good suspension roof support effect.

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Tents Or Canopies (AREA)

Abstract

本发明公开了一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,包括帐篷腿管、连接与帐篷腿管之间的横梁组件和用以支撑篷布的篷顶组件,所述篷顶组件包括第一篷顶单元和第二篷顶单元,所述第一篷顶单元位于中部,所述第二篷顶单元环绕于所述第一篷顶单元,所述第一篷顶单元包括第一篷布、用以支撑所述第一篷布的篷布撑件和用以联动所述篷布撑件收合的联动杆,所述篷布撑件中部与第一撑杆铰接,所述篷布撑件一端与所述联动杆铰接,另一端为自由端,所述联动杆另一端与第二撑杆铰接。本发明具有结构稳定小巧、伸展收拢顺畅的特点。

Description

一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷 技术领域
本发明涉及户外折叠帐篷技术领域,特别涉及一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷。
背景技术
帐篷作为一种户外休闲用品,广泛应用到海滩、庭院、草坪等多种场合,为了实现帐篷的透气性,双层顶帐篷应运而生,现有的双层顶帐篷,其顶部设置的小顶通常采用固定结构,且整体通常为固定篷,在折叠篷中,中部采用悬浮篷顶的结构较为少见,而折叠篷使用时一分钟实现开合,操作简单,安装容易,并且折叠篷轻巧耐用,携带方便,具有广泛的市场前景。
为此,如公告号为CN2828223,公开了一种双顶折叠式凉篷,包括折叠式下顶篷架和下顶篷布,下顶篷布覆盖在下顶篷架上与其连结固定中部开口;折叠式上顶篷架活动连结在下顶篷架上,上顶篷布覆盖在上顶篷架上与其连结固定。然而,该结构中折叠式上顶篷架在帐篷展开时,其一体展开性相对较差,同时折叠式上顶篷与下顶篷架之间容易出现晃动,导致中心篷顶的支撑效果较差,同时该结构的展开、部件的组装等均较为繁琐,导致其整体使用效果相对较差;另外,帐篷收合后,因内部折叠式顶篷的干扰,导致其整体体积相对较大,影响包装尺寸;另外,现有的带双顶的折叠帐篷其中心的篷顶通常受限于结构限制,导致其整体遮盖面积相对较小,无法依据需求进行调整;另外,现有的上顶篷布在于上顶篷架收合后,其上顶篷架通常是对上顶篷布持续向外扩张,导致上顶篷布持续处于张紧状态,在长期使用过程中,容易导致上顶篷布过于撑开,当折叠帐篷打开后,其覆盖的上顶篷布容易出现塌陷问题,影响美观。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,用以解决上述技术问题,具有结构稳定小巧、伸展收拢顺畅的特点。
本发明所解决的技术问题可以采用以下技术方案来实现:
一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,包括帐篷腿管、连接于帐篷腿管之间的横梁组件和用以支撑篷布的篷顶组件,所述篷顶组件包括第一篷顶单元和第二篷顶单元,所述第一篷顶单元位于中部,所述第二篷顶单元环绕于所述第一篷顶单元,所述第一篷顶单元包括第一篷布、用以支撑所述第一篷布的篷布撑件和用以联动所述篷布撑件收合的联动杆,所述篷布撑件中部与第一撑杆铰接,所述篷布撑件一端与所述联动杆铰接,另一端为自由端,所述联动杆另 一端与第二撑杆铰接;当折叠帐篷处于完整展开时,所述篷布撑件的自由端呈向外向上倾斜,所述篷布撑件自由端用以支撑第一篷布。
所述篷布撑件内设有嵌杆槽和撑杆通孔,当折叠帐篷折叠收合时,所述嵌杆槽用以与所述第一撑杆配合,所述第一撑杆贯通所述撑杆通孔,并与所述撑杆通孔两侧壁铰接配合。
所述篷布撑件上还设有篷布钩,所述篷布钩用以固定第一篷布边角,所述篷布钩位于所述嵌杆槽背部。
所述篷布撑件包括篷布撑杆本体和位于所述篷布撑杆本体端部的篷布钩座,所述篷布钩座位于所述篷布撑件的自由端,所述篷布撑杆本体中部与第一撑杆铰接,另一端与联动杆铰接。
联动杆与第二撑杆之间通过铰接座实现铰接配合,所述铰接座两端分别用以连接所述联动杆和所述第二撑杆端部。
所述铰接座一端用以与所述联动杆端部铰接或固定配合,另一端与所述第二撑杆端部铰接配合装。
第一撑杆一端与中心顶盘铰接配合,另一端与第二撑杆铰接配合,所述第二撑杆另一端与腿管顶座铰接配合,所述腿管顶座位于所述帐篷腿管腿管上部。
所述第一撑杆和所述第二撑杆的铰接点靠近所述第二撑杆端部位置,且该铰接点与所述第二撑杆端部之间还设有卡套。
所述卡套包括套环部和卡槽部,所述套环部固定套设于第二撑杆上,所述卡槽部上设有敞口槽,所述敞口槽用以卡接第一撑杆。
所述中心顶盘下部配合设有中心底盘,所述中心底盘上铰接若干短骨撑杆,所述短骨撑杆另一端铰接于第一撑杆中部,所述中心底盘和所述中心顶盘构成中心锁。
本发明与现有技术相比具有如下突出优点和效果:本发明通过优化设计篷布撑件结合联动杆,实现与第一撑杆和第二撑杆的伸展或收缩配合,可以方便第一篷布的分层搭建,构成悬浮顶结构,使得整体外观美感度更佳,同时便于篷顶排气,提高折叠帐篷的使用性能;优化采用铰接座结构,使得整体伸展收拢更为顺畅;优化篷布撑件,避免造成收合后体积干扰,保证原有体积同时具有良好的悬浮顶支撑效果。
本发明的特点可参阅本案图式及以下较好实施方式的详细说明而获得清楚地了解。
附图说明
图1为本发明整体展开结构示意图一;
图2为本发明整体半展开结构示意图一;
图3为本发明整体收合结构示意图一;
图4为本图1的A部局部放大结构示意图;
图5为本发明展开时篷布撑件状态结构示意图一;
图6为本发明半展开时篷布撑件状态结构结构示意图一;
图7为本发明收合时篷布撑件状态结构结构示意图一;
图8为本发明篷布撑件结构示意图一;
图9为本发明卡套结构示意图;
图10为本发明整体展开结构示意图二;
图11为本发明整体半展开结构示意图二;
图12为本发明整体收合结构示意图二;
图13为本图10的B部局部放大结构示意图;
图14为本发明展开时篷布撑件状态结构示意图二;
图15为本发明半展开时篷布撑件状态结构结构示意图二;
图16为本发明收合时篷布撑件状态结构结构示意图二;
图17为本发明篷布撑件结构示意图二;
图18为本发明带篷布整体结构示意图;
其中,1、帐篷腿管;11、腿管顶座;2、帐篷撑杆;21、第一撑杆;22、第二撑杆;23、卡套;231、卡槽部;232、套环部;3、篷布撑件;31、嵌杆槽;32、撑杆通孔;33、篷布钩;34、篷布撑杆本体;35、篷布钩座;4、联动杆;5、中心顶盘;51、中心底盘;6、短骨撑杆;7、横梁组件;8、铰接座;91、第一篷布;92、第二篷布。
具体实施方式
为了使本发明实现的技术手段、创作特征、达成目的与功效易于明白了解,下面结合具体图示,进一步阐述本发明。
如图1至18所示,一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,包括帐篷腿管1、连接于帐篷腿管1之间的横梁组件7和用以支撑篷布的篷顶组件,横梁组件7通常包括若干横梁撑杆相互铰接形成,其中折叠帐篷中中心位置为内端。
优选的,篷顶组件包括第一篷顶单元和第二篷顶单元,第一篷顶单元位于中部,第二篷顶单元环绕于第一篷顶单元,通常第一篷顶单元高于第二篷顶单元,其中第一篷顶单元位于中心位置,其可以为四方顶、圆顶等其它形状,只要可以遮盖住第二篷顶单元中部的开口即可。
其中,第一篷顶单元包括第一篷布91、用以支撑第一篷布91的篷布撑件3和用以联动篷布撑件3收合的联动杆4,篷布撑件3中部与第一撑杆21铰接,篷布撑件3一端与联动杆4铰接,另一端为自由端,联动杆4另一端与第二撑杆22铰接;当折叠帐篷处于完整展开时,篷布撑件3的自由端呈向外向上倾斜,篷布撑件3自由端用以支撑第一篷布91;利用篷布撑件3的活动结构设计,结合联动杆4可以实现篷布撑件3的翻转带动,快速完成折叠帐篷的整体展开,其展开或收合极为顺畅,不会造成干扰;优化利用篷布撑件3的翻转结构设计,其可以在收缩第一篷布91时,使得第一篷布91处于蓬松状态,避免出现持续张紧,保持第一篷布91展开时的张力,提高使用寿命。
当折叠帐篷处于完整展开时,篷布撑件3的自由端呈向外向上倾斜,篷布撑件3自由端用以支撑第一篷布91,完成第一篷布91由松散状态向张紧状态展开;当折叠帐篷处于收合时,篷布撑件3的自由端呈向内翻转,篷布撑件3自由端用以折合第一篷布91,使得第一篷布91由张紧状态向松散状态收合。
在其中一个优选实施方案中,篷布撑件3上还设有篷布钩33,篷布钩33用以固定第一篷布91边角,篷布钩33位于嵌杆槽31背部,便于帐篷布的固定安装。
在其中一个优选实施方案中,篷布撑件3内设有嵌杆槽31和撑杆通孔32,当折叠帐篷折叠收合时,嵌杆槽31用以与第一撑杆21配合,第一撑杆21贯通撑杆通孔32,并与撑杆通孔32两侧壁铰接配合;其中嵌杆槽31为三角槽型结构,当帐篷处于撑开状态时,其中槽深尺寸由靠近第一撑杆21位置向自由端外部逐步减小,优化嵌杆槽31的设计结构,使其整体体积缩小,避免对整体收合后包装尺寸的影响,篷布撑件3部件体积与第一撑杆21重叠,从而缩小尺寸;利用第一撑杆21贯通撑杆通孔32的结构设计,其可以增加篷布撑件3整体的稳固性,同时交叉设计结构可以减小体积,使其更为紧凑合理;该篷布撑件3通常为塑料件,通过开模直接注塑成型;篷布撑件3自由端设计可以依据需要长度调整,使得第一篷顶单元的遮盖面积不再局限,依据需要可以增大或减小。
在其中一个优选实施方案中,篷布撑件3还可以采用如下设计结构,其包括篷布撑杆本体34和位于篷布撑杆本体34端部的篷布钩座35,篷布钩座35位于篷布撑件3的自由端,篷布撑杆本体34中部与第一撑杆21铰接,另一端与联动杆4铰接,该设计相对上述结构其更为简洁,篷布撑杆本体34相对具有嵌杆槽31和撑杆通孔32的篷布撑件3成本更低;篷布钩座35用以与第一篷布91边沿固定安装;同时该设计结构可以增加篷布撑杆3的长度,即为自由端向外的延伸长度,其可以增大第一篷顶单元的遮盖面积,篷布撑件3自由端设计可以依据需要长度调整,使得第一篷顶单元的遮盖面积不再局限,依据需要可以增大或减小。
在其中一个优选实施方案中,联动杆4与第二撑杆22之间通过铰接座8实现铰接配合,铰接座8两端分别用以连接联动杆4和第二撑杆22端部;铰接座8一端用以与联动杆4端部铰接配合,另一端与第二撑杆22端部铰接配合装;其中,第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22铰接处、铰接座8、联动杆4和篷布撑件3铰接处、篷布撑杆3和第一撑杆21铰接处,四处形成一个可活动的类四边形,随着帐篷的折叠或展开,类四边形实现变化;优化设计铰接座8结构,用以增加联动杆4与第二撑杆22之间的活动行程,在此设计中,联动杆4可直接与第二撑杆22铰接,但此设计整体变形活动相对较为生硬,容易造成干扰,铰接座8可以增加变形的容错率,使得整体的展开或收缩更为顺畅便利;通常铰接座8与第二撑杆22和联动杆4均为铰接结构,可以增加变形量;另外在本实施例中,可以为单端铰接设计,另一端为固定设计,通常为铰接座8用以与联动杆4端部固定配合。
在其中一个优选实施方案中,第一撑杆21一端与中心顶盘5铰接配合,另一端与第二撑杆22铰接配合,第二撑杆22另一端与腿管顶座11铰接配合,第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22通常组合形成帐篷撑杆2,主要用以篷布的支撑使用,腿管顶座11位于帐篷腿管1上部,其中第二撑杆22用以支撑第二篷布92,其中第一撑杆21外端部分用以支撑第二篷布92,或篷布撑件3自由端最外端延伸至第二撑杆22端部,则第一撑杆21可不用支撑第二篷布92;第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22的铰接点靠近第二撑杆22端部位置,且该铰接点与第二撑杆22端部之间还设有卡套23,卡套23包括套环部232和卡槽部231,套环部232固定套设于第二撑杆22上,卡槽部231上设有敞口槽,敞口槽用以卡接第一撑杆21,卡套23用以增加帐篷展开后第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22的稳定性。
在其余实施例中,第二撑杆22还可以为两条或两条以上的撑杆首尾铰接构成,依据现有折叠帐篷的规格大小进行不同设计。
在其中一个优选实施方案中,中心顶盘5下部配合设有中心底盘51,中心底盘51上铰接若干短骨撑杆6,短骨撑杆6另一端铰接于第一撑杆21中部,中心底盘51和中心顶盘5构成中心锁,中心锁结构采用现有技术中常用的设计结构,其具体结构在此不再赘述。
本发明的具体工作原理为:当折叠帐篷处于收缩状态时,当其整体展开时,随着帐篷腿管1的分开,横梁组件7和整个篷顶随着展开,参考现有技术中折叠帐篷的展开结构;其中,在折叠帐篷收缩状态时,第一撑杆21中内端处于高位,第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22铰接位置处于低位,第二撑杆22与腿管顶座11铰接位置处于高位,随着折叠帐篷的展开,且联动杆4靠近或贴合于第一撑杆21一侧,第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22铰接位置发生变化,第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22原夹角趋向于0°夹角,夹角逐步变大,第二撑杆22带动铰接座发 生变化,使得铰接座8带动联动杆4逐步远离第一撑杆,第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22铰接处、铰接座8、联动杆4和篷布撑件3铰接处、篷布撑杆3和第一撑杆21铰接处四处形成的类四边形发生形变,帐篷持续展开,当类四边形趋向于矩形时,通常第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22之间夹角为90°时,持续展开折叠帐篷,联动杆4逐步靠近第一撑杆21直至整个折叠帐篷打开,当整个折叠帐篷打开时,通常联动杆4靠近或贴合于第一撑杆21一侧,此时第一撑杆21和第二撑杆22夹角趋向于1800°夹角,同时联动杆4带动篷布撑件3完成翻转,其中篷布撑件3的自由端呈弧形轨迹完成翻转,从而完成对第一篷布91的展开。
本发明通过优化设计篷布撑件结合联动杆,实现与第一撑杆和第二撑杆的伸展或收缩配合,可以方便第一篷布的分层搭建,构成悬浮顶结构,使得整体外观美感度更佳,同时便于篷顶排气,提高折叠帐篷的使用性能;优化采用铰接座结构,使得整体伸展收拢更为顺畅;优化篷布撑件,避免造成收合后体积干扰,保证原有体积同时具有良好的悬浮顶支撑效果。
由技术常识可知,本发明可以通过其它的不脱离其精神实质或必要特征的实施方案来实现。因此,上述公开的实施方案,就各方面而言,都只是举例说明,并不是仅有的。所有在本发明范围内或在等同于本发明的范围内的改变均被本发明包含。

Claims (10)

  1. 一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,包括帐篷腿管(1)、连接于帐篷腿管之间的横梁组件(7)和用以支撑篷布的篷顶组件,所述篷顶组件包括第一篷顶单元和第二篷顶单元,所述第一篷顶单元位于中部,所述第二篷顶单元环绕于所述第一篷顶单元,其特征在于:所述第一篷顶单元包括第一篷布(91)、用以支撑所述第一篷布(91)的篷布撑件(3)和用以联动所述篷布撑件(3)收合的联动杆(4),所述篷布撑件(3)中部与第一撑杆(21)铰接,所述篷布撑件(3)一端与所述联动杆(4)铰接,另一端为自由端,所述联动杆(4)另一端与第二撑杆(22)铰接;当折叠帐篷处于完整展开时,所述篷布撑件(3)的自由端呈向外向上倾斜,所述篷布撑件(3)自由端用以支撑第一篷布(91)。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:所述篷布撑件(3)内设有嵌杆槽(31)和撑杆通孔(32),当折叠帐篷折叠收合时,所述嵌杆槽(31)用以与所述第一撑杆(21)配合,所述第一撑杆(21)贯通所述撑杆通孔(32),并与所述撑杆通孔(32)两侧壁铰接配合。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:所述篷布撑件(3)上还设有篷布钩(33),所述篷布钩(33)用以固定第一篷布(91)边角,所述篷布钩(33)位于所述嵌杆槽(31)背部。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:所述篷布撑件(3)包括篷布撑杆本体(34)和位于所述篷布撑杆本体(34)端部的篷布钩座(35),所述篷布钩座(35)位于所述篷布撑件(3)的自由端,所述篷布撑杆本体(34)中部与第一撑杆(21)铰接,另一端与联动杆(4)铰接。
  5. 根据权利要求1至4中任意一项所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:联动杆(4)与第二撑杆(22)之间通过铰接座(8)实现铰接配合,所述铰接座(8)两端分别用以连接所述联动杆(4)和所述第二撑杆(22)端部。
  6. 根据权利要求5所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:所述铰接座(8)一端用以与所述联动杆(4)端部铰接或固定配合,另一端与所述第二撑杆(22)端部铰接配合装。
  7. 根据权利要求5所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:第一撑杆(21)一端与中心顶盘(5)铰接配合,另一端与第二撑杆(22)铰接配合,所述第二撑杆(22)另一端与腿管顶座(11)铰接配合,所述腿管顶座(11)位于所述帐篷腿管(1)上部。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:所述第一撑杆(21)和所述第二撑杆(22)的铰接点靠近所述第二撑杆(22)端部位置,且该铰接点与所述第二 撑杆(22)端部之间还设有卡套(23)。
  9. 根据权利要求8所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:所述卡套(23)包括套环部(231)和卡槽部(232),所述套环部(231)固定套设于第二撑杆(22)上,所述卡槽部(232)上设有敞口槽,所述敞口槽用以卡接第一撑杆(21)。
  10. 根据权利要求7所述的一种具有分层篷顶的折叠帐篷,其特征在于:所述中心顶盘(5)下部配合设有中心底盘(51),所述中心底盘(51)上铰接若干短骨撑杆(6),所述短骨撑杆(6)另一端铰接于第一撑杆(21)中部,所述中心底盘(51)和所述中心顶盘(5)构成中心锁。
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