WO2022037081A1 - Demolition and transportation method for horizontal structure - Google Patents

Demolition and transportation method for horizontal structure Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2022037081A1
WO2022037081A1 PCT/CN2021/085564 CN2021085564W WO2022037081A1 WO 2022037081 A1 WO2022037081 A1 WO 2022037081A1 CN 2021085564 W CN2021085564 W CN 2021085564W WO 2022037081 A1 WO2022037081 A1 WO 2022037081A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
horizontal structure
dust removal
dismantling
removal device
clearing
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PCT/CN2021/085564
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
俞文俊
龙毅华
匙文成
金晓磊
许润哲
王一凡
尹晓洁
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上海建工四建集团有限公司
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Publication of WO2022037081A1 publication Critical patent/WO2022037081A1/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G23/00Working measures on existing buildings
    • E04G23/08Wrecking of buildings
    • E04G23/082Wrecking of buildings using shears, breakers, jaws and the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/02Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, having hollow filters made of flexible material

Definitions

  • the invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure.
  • horizontal structures can be reinforced concrete horizontal supports, steel structure horizontal supports, etc.
  • the purpose of the present invention is to provide a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure, which realizes the functions of temporary fixed support, dismantling, clearing and transporting of the horizontal structure, has a high degree of automation, is flexible and convenient to operate, improves the construction efficiency, and can adapt to the site.
  • the demanding construction environment reduces construction safety risks and pollution to the surrounding environment.
  • the technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problem is, a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure, and the steps are as follows:
  • the dismantling and cleaning device includes a traveling mechanism, a hydraulic lift unit, a dust removal device, a self-balancing system, and a walking mechanism, which are connected in sequence from bottom to top.
  • the mechanism, the self-balancing system and the information processing platform for the signal connection of the dust removal device includes a cylindrical body, a clamping mechanism and a cutting machine arranged in the inner cavity of the cylindrical body;
  • the hydraulic lift unit includes vertical intervals along the axis of the traveling mechanism, and two hydraulic lifts respectively connected with the dust removal device and the traveling mechanism;
  • the self-balancing system includes an angle sensor arranged on the support platform, and a pressure regulating device connected with the hydraulic lift unit;
  • the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic elevators of the hydraulic elevator unit to be jacked up synchronously, so that the height of the dust removal device is adapted to the height of the horizontal structure to be removed, and the dust removal device is covered outside the horizontal structure to be removed, and the start The cutting machine performs cutting and demolition construction on the horizontal structure;
  • the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic lifts of the hydraulic lift unit to descend synchronously, so that the dismantling and transporting device loaded with the dismantled horizontal structure leaves the original construction position, and the angle sensor acquires the inclination data of the support platform in real time and feeds back
  • the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure regulating device after analysis and judgment, and the pressure regulating device respectively controls the expansion and contraction of the two hydraulic lifts to adjust the relative heights of the two, so that the dust removal device always maintains In the horizontal state, the dismantled horizontal structure is transported to the designated clearing point.
  • the dismantling and clearing device is moved to the position where the horizontal support of the reinforced concrete to be dismantled is located, and the information processing platform controls the hydraulic elevator of the hydraulic elevator unit to rise synchronously, so that the dust removal device is covered Outside the reinforced concrete horizontal support to be removed, the height of the removal and removal device can be flexibly adjusted by the jacking of the hydraulic lift unit, which can adapt to the demolition construction of structures with different levels and levels.
  • the reinforced concrete horizontal support to be removed is temporarily removed in the dust removal device After supporting and sealing, start the cutting machine to cut and dismantle the reinforced concrete horizontal support.
  • the dust removal device can prevent the debris and dust generated by the cutting construction from entering the surrounding environment, and reduce the safety risk of construction;
  • the angle sensor obtains the inclination data of the support platform in real time and feeds it back to the information processing platform.
  • the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure regulating device, and the pressure regulating device controls the expansion and contraction of the two hydraulic lifts respectively.
  • the dust removal device loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support is always kept in a horizontal state, so as to avoid the reinforced concrete horizontal support due to excessive shaking or excessive tilt.
  • the demolition and transportation method of the present invention has a high degree of automation, is flexible and convenient to operate, improves construction efficiency, not only can adapt to the construction environment with high site requirements, but also reduces construction safety. Risks and pollution to the surrounding environment.
  • the transfer device arranged between the traveling mechanism and the hydraulic lift unit is rotated, and the transfer device
  • the rotating base drives the dust removal device to rotate, so that the dust removal device and the horizontal structure to be removed are located on the same vertical plane.
  • the step S1 further includes: shrinking the telescopic outriggers of the traveling mechanism, moving the dismantling and transporting device as a whole to the position of the horizontal structure to be dismantled through the movement of the rollers, and extending the telescopic outriggers to make them fit with the base.
  • a stable support system is formed;
  • the step S3 further includes, after the height of the dust removal device is lowered to a stable state, retracting the telescopic outriggers again and transporting the dismantled horizontal structure to a designated clearing point through the movement of the rollers.
  • the horizontal structure to be removed is supported on the support platform, the two baffles of the dust hood of the cylindrical body are located on both sides of the horizontal structure to be removed, the flap of the dust hood and one side
  • the baffle is flexibly connected, and the flap is turned over so that it covers the top of the horizontal structure to be dismantled.
  • the dust cover further includes a locking piece, and the locking piece includes a limit lock arranged at the end of the flap, and a hook and loop arranged on the outside of the other side baffle. After covering the top of the horizontal structure to be dismantled, the limit lock and the hook and loop are movably connected.
  • the dust hood further includes end plates movably connected to both ends thereof, and after the cutting construction is completed, the removal and removal device loaded with the removed horizontal structure is controlled to move out of the original construction position, turn over or move The end plates close both ends of the dust cover.
  • the chainsaw chains of the two cutting machines are respectively wound around the two ends of the horizontal structure to be dismantled, and the motors of the cutting machines are activated to drive the chainsaw chains to move, synchronously Both ends of the horizontal structure are cut.
  • the step S2 further includes: dismantling the cleaning and transportation device and also including an automatic sprinkler system, and while the cutting construction is performed, the information processing platform controls the automatic sprinkler system to start, so that the sprinkler head located at the horizontal structure cutting position Automatic spraying, the sewage collection device collects the sewage generated in the spraying process, and purifies the sewage through the sewage recycling treatment background into a water source that can be used for re-spraying, and supplies it to the spray head for cyclic spraying operation, spraying The resulting wastewater is transported to the designated location through the sewage discharge pipeline.
  • the top of the support platform of the dust removal device is further provided with a plurality of cushion blocks, and the horizontal structure to be removed is supported on the cushion blocks.
  • FIG. 1 is a top view of an embodiment of a dismantling and clearing device used in the method for dismantling and clearing a horizontal structure of the present invention
  • Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1;
  • Fig. 3 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 1;
  • FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of cutting a reinforced concrete horizontal support by a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
  • Cutting machine 60 base plate 62 ; chainsaw chain 61 ; adapter device 70 ; rotating shaft 71 ;
  • the removal and removal device is used to complete the removal and removal of the horizontal structure to be removed.
  • an xyz rectangular coordinate system is set with the z-axis direction as the height extension direction of the removal and removal device.
  • the removal and removal device moves the removal and removal device to the position where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is located, and the removal and removal device includes a traveling mechanism 10 and a hydraulic lift that are sequentially connected from bottom to top assembly, a dust removal device 30, a self-balancing system, and an information processing platform respectively connected with the traveling mechanism 10, the self-balancing system and the dust removal device 30;
  • the dust removal device 30 includes a cylindrical body and a clamping mechanism arranged in the inner cavity of the cylindrical body and the cutting machine 60;
  • the hydraulic lift unit includes two hydraulic lifts 20 that are vertically spaced along the axis of the traveling mechanism 10 and are respectively connected with the dust removal device 30 and the traveling mechanism 10, and the self-balancing system includes an angle sensor 81 arranged on the support platform 31 , and the pressure regulating device 83 connected to the hydraulic lift unit;
  • the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic lifts 20 of the hydraulic lift unit to be lifted synchronously, so that the height of the dust removal device is compatible with the height of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, and the dust removal device 30 is covered On the outside of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, start the cutting machine 60 to perform cutting and dismantling construction on the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1;
  • the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic lifts 20 of the hydraulic lift unit to descend synchronously, so that the removal and removal device loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 leaves the original construction position, and the angle sensor 81 acquires it in real time
  • the inclination data of the support platform 31 is fed back to the information processing platform.
  • the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure regulating device 83, and the pressure regulating device 83 respectively controls the expansion and contraction of the two hydraulic lifts 20 to adjust the relative heights of the two.
  • the dust removal device 30 loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 is always kept in a horizontal state, and the traveling mechanism 10 is controlled to transport the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to the designated clearing point.
  • the dismantling and clearing device is moved to the position where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be dismantled is located, and the information processing platform controls the hydraulic elevator 20 of the hydraulic elevator unit to rise synchronously, so that the dust removal device 30 is covered on the outside of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, and the height of the removal and removal device can be flexibly adjusted by the jacking of the hydraulic lift unit, which can adapt to the demolition construction of structures at different levels.
  • the cutting machine 60 is started to perform cutting and dismantling construction on the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1.
  • the dust removal device 30 can prevent the fragments and dust generated by the cutting construction from entering the surrounding environment and reduce the safety risk of construction. ;
  • the angle sensor 81 acquires the inclination data of the support platform 31 in real time and feeds it back to the information processing platform.
  • the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure adjustment device 83,
  • the two hydraulic lifts 20 are respectively controlled by the pressure adjusting device 83 to expand and contract to adjust their relative heights.
  • the height difference adjustment of the two hydraulic lifts 20 keeps the dust removal device 30 loaded with the dismantled reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 always in a horizontal state.
  • the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 is prevented from falling due to excessive shaking or excessive inclination, and the safety of the demolition, removal and transportation construction is improved; it can be seen that the demolition and transportation method of the present invention has a high degree of automation, is flexible and convenient to operate, and improves the construction. It can not only adapt to the construction environment with high site requirements, but also reduce the construction safety risk and pollution to the surrounding environment.
  • the dismantling and transporting device further includes a transfer device 70 disposed between the traveling mechanism 10 and the hydraulic lift unit.
  • the transfer device 70 includes a rotating shaft 71 fixed to the base 11 and movable with the rotating shaft 71
  • the connected rotating base 72, the bottoms of the two hydraulic lifts 20 are both connected to the rotating base 72;
  • the setting of the adapter device 70 enables the dust removal device 30 to rotate 360° in the horizontal plane relative to the traveling mechanism 10; in the step S2 , when there is an included angle between the vertical plane where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed and the vertical plane where the dust removal device 30 is located, the rotating base 72 is controlled to drive the dust removal device 30 to rotate, so that the dust removal device 30 and the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed are located in The same vertical plane is convenient for the subsequent accurate positioning of the dust removal device 30.
  • the movement of the traveling mechanism 10 is used to change the position of the dust removal device 30 along the x-axis direction, and by adjusting the two hydraulic lifts
  • the height of 20 changes the position of the dust removal device 30 along the z-axis direction
  • the position of the dust removal device 30 along the y-axis direction is changed by rotating the transfer device 70, so that it is adapted to the position of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, so as to achieve multiple
  • the purpose of dimensionally adjusting the spatial position of the dust removal device 30 is to adapt it to the spatial position of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1. Since the positioning operation of the dust removal device 30 is more flexible and convenient, the difficulty of dismantling the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 is reduced.
  • the pressure regulating device 83 includes a pressure controller signally connected to the information processing platform, and a control valve arranged on the hydraulic cylinder, the control valve is electrically connected to the pressure controller, and the pressure regulating device 83 controls the signal after receiving the signal from the information processing platform.
  • the hydraulic cylinder controls the opening degree of the valve, and then adjusts the stroke of the hydraulic cylinder, realizes the automatic adjustment of the pressure of the hydraulic lift, and improves the accuracy of the automatic control.
  • the walking mechanism 10 includes a base 11 , a plurality of pairs of rollers 12 arranged at the bottom of the base 11 , and a plurality of retractable outriggers 14 arranged on both sides of the base 11 ; step S1 further includes shrinking the walking mechanism The retractable outriggers 14 of the 10 and through the movement of the rollers 12 move the dismantling and transporting device as a whole to the position where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be dismantled is in place, and the retractable outriggers 14 are stretched to form a stable support system with the base 11.
  • step S3 further includes, after the height of the dust removal device 30 is lowered to a stable state, shrink the telescopic outriggers 14 again and pass through The movement of the rollers 12 transports the dismantled reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to the designated clearing point.
  • the dust cover of this embodiment includes baffles 32 arranged along the length of the support platform 31 and connected to both sides of the support platform 31 , and a flap 33 connected between the two baffles 32 .
  • the flap 33 and the baffle 32 are hinged, snap-connected and other active connections, which are convenient for disassembly and assembly.
  • the baffle 32 and the flap 33 are all made of steel plates.
  • the dust cover can also use stretchable and shrinkable dust removal bags. The technical solution of the present invention can be realized by making it, which is not limited here.
  • the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is supported on the support platform 30, the two baffles 32 of the dust cover are located on both sides of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, and the flaps 33 of the dust cover and the baffles. 32 is articulated, and the flap 33 is turned over so that it covers the top of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed.
  • the dust cover further includes a locking piece, and the locking piece includes a limit lock 36 arranged at the end of the flap 33 , and a shackle 37 arranged on the outside of the other side baffle 32 , as shown in FIG. 4
  • the flap 33 moves to the top of the two baffles 32, and the limit lock 36 and the shackle 37 are connected by an active connection such as lap joint or snap connection, so as to realize the sealing of the dust cover. Easy to disassemble.
  • the dust cover also includes end plates 34 movably connected to its two ends.
  • step S2 the end plates 34 are turned or moved so that they and the support platform 31 together form a closed space.
  • the information processing platform Control the removal and removal device loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to move out of the original construction position, and the end plates 34 at both ends are closed to prevent the dust generated by the cutting construction from entering the surrounding environment.
  • the end plates 34 can also be stretched and contracted.
  • the dust bag is made of the dust bag, and the technical scheme of the present invention can be realized.
  • a cutting machine 60 is provided at both ends of the inner cavity of the dust removal device 30 .
  • the cutting machine 60 includes: a bottom plate 62 fixed to the support platform 31 , a chainsaw chain 61 wound around the rotating shaft of the bottom plate 62 , and the motor connected to the rotating shaft of the bottom plate 62.
  • step S2 after the chainsaw chains 61 of the two cutting machines 60 are respectively wound around the outside of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, the motor of the cutting machine 60 is started to drive the chainsaw The chain 61 moves to cut both ends of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 synchronously, thereby removing the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 .
  • the dismantling and cleaning device also includes an automatic spraying system.
  • the automatic spraying system includes a plurality of spraying heads 50 installed in the inner cavity of the cylindrical main body and arranged close to the cutting machine 60 .
  • the information processing platform controls the automatic sprinkler system to start, and the sprinkler head 50 at the cutting position of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is located. Synchronous spraying, so as to achieve the effect of cooling and dust removal during the cutting process.
  • the sewage collection device collects the sewage generated in the spraying process, and purifies the sewage through the sewage recycling treatment background into a water source that can be used for re-spraying.
  • the spraying head 50 is supplied to perform a circulating spraying operation to realize the reuse of water resources.
  • the waste water generated after spraying is transported to a designated location through a sewage discharge pipeline to avoid polluting the surrounding environment.
  • the top of the support platform 31 is also provided with a plurality of spacers 35 , and the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is supported on the plurality of spacers 35 to reduce the distance between the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 and the upper surface of the support platform 31 . friction to reduce equipment wear.
  • the removal and removal device also includes an integrated backstage 70 disposed at the bottom of the support platform 31 or the top of the base 11 , and the integrated backstage 70 at least includes the cutting machine 60 .
  • the motor, the water pump 53 of the automatic sprinkler system, and the baffle plate 32 are also provided with a plurality of through holes, and the wires, water pipes, oil circuits, etc. of the integrated background 70 pass through the plurality of through holes and are connected with the corresponding equipment located in the inner cavity of the dust removal device 30.
  • the integrated background 70 is installed outside the dust removal device 30 and managed centrally, which not only saves space, but also facilitates maintenance.

Abstract

A demolition and transportation method for a horizontal structure. A demolition and transportation apparatus is moved to a reinforced concrete horizontal support (1); the demolition and transportation apparatus sequentially comprises, from bottom to top, running gear (10), a hydraulic elevator unit, a dust removal apparatus (30), a self-balancing system, and an information processing platform; the dust removal apparatus (30) comprises a cylindrical body, a clamping mechanism, and a cutting machine (60); the hydraulic elevator unit comprises two hydraulic elevators (20) that are vertically arranged along the axis of a base (11) at intervals and respectively connected to the running gear (10) and the dust removal apparatus (30); the self-balancing system comprises an angle sensor (81) provided on a support platform (31), and a pressure regulation apparatus (83) respectively connected to hydraulic oil cylinders of the two hydraulic elevators (20); the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic elevators (20) for synchronous jacking, so that the reinforced concrete horizontal support (1) is enveloped by the dust removal apparatus (30) and cut by the cutting machine (60); the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic elevators (20) for synchronous descending, and the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic elevators (20) for telescoping by the pressure regulation apparatus (83) according to dip angle data of the angle sensor (81), so that the dust removal apparatus (30) loaded with the reinforced concrete horizontal support (1) is always kept horizontal. The demolition and transportation method can implement temporary fixation and supporting, demolition, and transportation, and is strong in field adaptability and low in pollution.

Description

一种水平结构的拆除清运方法A method of dismantling, clearing and transporting horizontal structures 技术领域technical field
本发明涉及建筑施工技术领域,特别涉及一种水平结构的拆除清运方法。The invention relates to the technical field of building construction, in particular to a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure.
背景技术Background technique
目前,建筑施工现场常采用静力切割方式拆除水平结构,水平结构可为钢筋混凝土水平支撑、钢结构水平支撑等。At present, static cutting is often used to remove horizontal structures on construction sites, and the horizontal structures can be reinforced concrete horizontal supports, steel structure horizontal supports, etc.
在实施静力切割之前,需先对水平结构进行临时支撑,然后再实施拆除施工,由于拆除施工大部分为开放式作业,粉尘、噪音等对周边环境影响较大,且存在碎块外溅伤人的安全隐患,尤其是位于较高位置的水平结构的拆除施工,安全风险极大;而且,在静力切割水平结构的同时还需人工配合洒水除尘,产生的泥浆水难以定向处理,加重了对周边环境的污染;另外,拆除后的水平结构往往需要大型吊装设备或叉车等配合清运工作,对施工场地的要求较高,否则仍需对拆除后的水平结构进行现场破碎后再实施清运。Before performing static cutting, it is necessary to temporarily support the horizontal structure, and then carry out the demolition construction. Since most of the demolition construction is an open operation, dust, noise, etc. have a great impact on the surrounding environment, and there are debris splashes. Human safety hazards, especially the demolition of the horizontal structure at a higher position, have great safety risks; moreover, when the horizontal structure is statically cut, it is also necessary to manually cooperate with watering and dust removal, and the generated mud water is difficult to directionally handle, which increases the risk of Pollution to the surrounding environment; in addition, the dismantled horizontal structure often needs large hoisting equipment or forklifts to cooperate with the clearing and transportation work, and has higher requirements on the construction site, otherwise the dismantled horizontal structure still needs to be crushed on site before cleaning. transport.
发明内容SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
针对现有水平结构的拆除清运存在施工困难,影响周边环境,且安全隐患较大的问题。本发明的目的是提供一种水平结构的拆除清运方法,实现了对水平结构的临时固定支撑、拆除及清运等功能,自动化程度高,操作灵活方便,提高了施工效率,而且能够适应场地要求较高的施工环境,降低了施工安全风险及对周边环境的污染。For the demolition and removal of the existing horizontal structure, there are construction difficulties, the surrounding environment is affected, and the safety hazard is relatively large. The purpose of the present invention is to provide a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure, which realizes the functions of temporary fixed support, dismantling, clearing and transporting of the horizontal structure, has a high degree of automation, is flexible and convenient to operate, improves the construction efficiency, and can adapt to the site. The demanding construction environment reduces construction safety risks and pollution to the surrounding environment.
本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是,一种水平结构的拆除清运方法,步骤如下:The technical solution adopted by the present invention to solve the technical problem is, a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure, and the steps are as follows:
S1:将拆除清运装置移动至拟拆除的水平结构所在位置就位,所述拆除清运装置包括由下至上依次连接的行走机构、液压升降机组、除尘装置,自平衡系统,以及分别与行走机构、自平衡系统及除尘装置信号连接的信息处理平台;除尘装置包括筒状主体、设置于筒状主体内腔的夹紧机构及切割机;液压升降机组包括沿行走机构轴线竖向间隔设置,且分别与除尘装置、行走机构连接的 两个液压升降机;自平衡系统包括设置于支撑平台的角度传感器,及与液压升降机组连接的压力调节装置;S1: Move the dismantling and cleaning device to the position of the horizontal structure to be dismantled. The dismantling and cleaning device includes a traveling mechanism, a hydraulic lift unit, a dust removal device, a self-balancing system, and a walking mechanism, which are connected in sequence from bottom to top. The mechanism, the self-balancing system and the information processing platform for the signal connection of the dust removal device; the dust removal device includes a cylindrical body, a clamping mechanism and a cutting machine arranged in the inner cavity of the cylindrical body; the hydraulic lift unit includes vertical intervals along the axis of the traveling mechanism, and two hydraulic lifts respectively connected with the dust removal device and the traveling mechanism; the self-balancing system includes an angle sensor arranged on the support platform, and a pressure regulating device connected with the hydraulic lift unit;
S2:所述信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的两个液压升降机同步顶升,使得除尘装置的高度与拟拆除的水平结构的高度相适应,且除尘装置包覆于拟拆除的水平结构外部,启动切割机对水平结构实施切割拆除施工;S2: The information processing platform controls the two hydraulic elevators of the hydraulic elevator unit to be jacked up synchronously, so that the height of the dust removal device is adapted to the height of the horizontal structure to be removed, and the dust removal device is covered outside the horizontal structure to be removed, and the start The cutting machine performs cutting and demolition construction on the horizontal structure;
S3:所述信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的两个液压升降机同步下降,使装载有已拆除的水平结构的拆除清运装置离开原施工位置,所述角度传感器实时获取支撑平台的倾角数据并反馈至信息处理平台,所述信息处理平台经过分析及判断后发送信号至压力调节装置,所述压力调节装置分别控制两个液压升降机的伸缩以调整两者的相对高度,使得所述除尘装置始终保持水平状态,将已拆除的水平结构运送至指定清运点。S3: The information processing platform controls the two hydraulic lifts of the hydraulic lift unit to descend synchronously, so that the dismantling and transporting device loaded with the dismantled horizontal structure leaves the original construction position, and the angle sensor acquires the inclination data of the support platform in real time and feeds back To the information processing platform, the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure regulating device after analysis and judgment, and the pressure regulating device respectively controls the expansion and contraction of the two hydraulic lifts to adjust the relative heights of the two, so that the dust removal device always maintains In the horizontal state, the dismantled horizontal structure is transported to the designated clearing point.
本发明的水平结构的拆除清运方法,首先,将拆除清运装置移动至拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑所在位置就位,信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的液压升降机同步上升,使得除尘装置包覆于拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑的外部,利用液压升降机组的顶升灵活调整拆除清运装置的高度,能够适应不同标高水平结构的拆除施工,在除尘装置对拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑进行临时支撑及封闭后,启动切割机对钢筋混凝土水平支撑实施切割拆除施工,除尘装置能够阻止切割施工产生的碎块、粉尘进入周边环境,并降低了施工的安全风险;拆除清运装置在运输过程遇不平整、颠簸路况时,角度传感器实时获取支撑平台的倾角数据并反馈至信息处理平台,信息处理平台经过分析及判断后发送信号至压力调节装置,通过压力调节装置分别控制两个液压升降机的伸缩以调整两者的相对高度,通过两台液压升降机的高差调节使得装载有已拆除钢筋混凝土水平支撑的除尘装置始终保持水平状态,从而避免钢筋混凝土水平支撑因发生过大抖动或过大倾斜而坠落,提高了拆除清运施工的安全性;可见,本发明的拆除清运方法自动化程度高,操作灵活方便,提高了施工效率,不但能够适应场地要求较高的施工环境,而且降低了施工安全风险及对周边环境的污染。In the method for dismantling and clearing the horizontal structure of the present invention, firstly, the dismantling and clearing device is moved to the position where the horizontal support of the reinforced concrete to be dismantled is located, and the information processing platform controls the hydraulic elevator of the hydraulic elevator unit to rise synchronously, so that the dust removal device is covered Outside the reinforced concrete horizontal support to be removed, the height of the removal and removal device can be flexibly adjusted by the jacking of the hydraulic lift unit, which can adapt to the demolition construction of structures with different levels and levels. The reinforced concrete horizontal support to be removed is temporarily removed in the dust removal device After supporting and sealing, start the cutting machine to cut and dismantle the reinforced concrete horizontal support. The dust removal device can prevent the debris and dust generated by the cutting construction from entering the surrounding environment, and reduce the safety risk of construction; When the road is uneven or bumpy, the angle sensor obtains the inclination data of the support platform in real time and feeds it back to the information processing platform. After analysis and judgment, the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure regulating device, and the pressure regulating device controls the expansion and contraction of the two hydraulic lifts respectively. In order to adjust the relative height of the two, through the height difference adjustment of the two hydraulic lifts, the dust removal device loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support is always kept in a horizontal state, so as to avoid the reinforced concrete horizontal support due to excessive shaking or excessive tilt. Falling, improves the safety of demolition, cleaning and transportation construction; it can be seen that the demolition and transportation method of the present invention has a high degree of automation, is flexible and convenient to operate, improves construction efficiency, not only can adapt to the construction environment with high site requirements, but also reduces construction safety. Risks and pollution to the surrounding environment.
优选的,所述步骤S2中,当拟拆除的水平结构所在垂直面与除尘装置所在垂直面存在夹角时,转动设置于行走机构与液压升降机组之间的转接装置,所述转接装置的旋转基座带动除尘装置转动,使得除尘装置与拟拆除的水平结构位于同一垂直面。Preferably, in the step S2, when there is an included angle between the vertical plane where the horizontal structure to be dismantled is located and the vertical plane where the dust removal device is located, the transfer device arranged between the traveling mechanism and the hydraulic lift unit is rotated, and the transfer device The rotating base drives the dust removal device to rotate, so that the dust removal device and the horizontal structure to be removed are located on the same vertical plane.
优选的,所述步骤S1还包括,收缩行走机构的可伸缩支腿并通过滚轮的运动将拆除清运装置整体移动至拟拆除的水平结构所在位置就位,伸展可伸缩支腿使其与底座构成的稳定支撑体系;所述步骤S3还包括,除尘装置的高度下降至稳定状态后,再次收缩可伸缩支腿并通过滚轮的运动将已拆除的水平结构运送至指定清运点。Preferably, the step S1 further includes: shrinking the telescopic outriggers of the traveling mechanism, moving the dismantling and transporting device as a whole to the position of the horizontal structure to be dismantled through the movement of the rollers, and extending the telescopic outriggers to make them fit with the base. A stable support system is formed; the step S3 further includes, after the height of the dust removal device is lowered to a stable state, retracting the telescopic outriggers again and transporting the dismantled horizontal structure to a designated clearing point through the movement of the rollers.
优选的,所述步骤S2中,拟拆除的水平结构支撑于所述支撑平台,筒状主体的除尘罩的两块挡板位于拟拆除的水平结构的两侧,除尘罩的翻板与一侧挡板活动连接,翻转翻板使得其覆盖于拟拆除的水平结构的顶部。Preferably, in the step S2, the horizontal structure to be removed is supported on the support platform, the two baffles of the dust hood of the cylindrical body are located on both sides of the horizontal structure to be removed, the flap of the dust hood and one side The baffle is flexibly connected, and the flap is turned over so that it covers the top of the horizontal structure to be dismantled.
优选的,所述除尘罩还包括锁扣件,所述锁扣件包括设置于所述翻板端部的限位锁扣,及设置于另一侧挡板外侧的钩环,所述翻板覆盖于拟拆除的水平结构的顶部后,将所述限位锁扣和所述钩环活动连接。Preferably, the dust cover further includes a locking piece, and the locking piece includes a limit lock arranged at the end of the flap, and a hook and loop arranged on the outside of the other side baffle. After covering the top of the horizontal structure to be dismantled, the limit lock and the hook and loop are movably connected.
优选的,所述步骤S2中,所述除尘罩还包括与其两端活动连接的端板,切割施工完成后,控制装载有已拆除的水平结构的拆除清运装置移出原施工位置,翻转或移动所述端板封闭所述除尘罩的两端。Preferably, in the step S2, the dust hood further includes end plates movably connected to both ends thereof, and after the cutting construction is completed, the removal and removal device loaded with the removed horizontal structure is controlled to move out of the original construction position, turn over or move The end plates close both ends of the dust cover.
优选的,所述步骤S2中,将两台所述切割机的链锯链条分别缠绕于拟拆除的水平结构的两端,启动所述切割机的电机驱动所述链锯链条移动,同步对所述水平结构的两端进行切割。Preferably, in the step S2, the chainsaw chains of the two cutting machines are respectively wound around the two ends of the horizontal structure to be dismantled, and the motors of the cutting machines are activated to drive the chainsaw chains to move, synchronously Both ends of the horizontal structure are cut.
优选的,所述步骤S2还包括:拆除清运装置还包括自动喷淋系统,在实施切割施工的同时,所述信息处理平台控制自动喷淋系统启动,使得位于水平结构切割位置的喷淋头自动喷淋,污水收集装置收集喷淋过程中产生的污水,并通过污水循环处理后台将污水循环处理净化为可供再次喷淋使用的水源,并供给喷淋头进行循环喷淋作业,喷淋后产生的废水经由污水排放管道输送至指定地点。Preferably, the step S2 further includes: dismantling the cleaning and transportation device and also including an automatic sprinkler system, and while the cutting construction is performed, the information processing platform controls the automatic sprinkler system to start, so that the sprinkler head located at the horizontal structure cutting position Automatic spraying, the sewage collection device collects the sewage generated in the spraying process, and purifies the sewage through the sewage recycling treatment background into a water source that can be used for re-spraying, and supplies it to the spray head for cyclic spraying operation, spraying The resulting wastewater is transported to the designated location through the sewage discharge pipeline.
优选的,所述除尘装置的支撑平台顶部还设有多个垫块,拟拆除的水平结构支撑于垫块。Preferably, the top of the support platform of the dust removal device is further provided with a plurality of cushion blocks, and the horizontal structure to be removed is supported on the cushion blocks.
附图说明Description of drawings
图1为本发明的水平结构的拆除清运方法采用的拆除清运装置一实施例的俯视图;1 is a top view of an embodiment of a dismantling and clearing device used in the method for dismantling and clearing a horizontal structure of the present invention;
图2为图1的A-A剖视图;Fig. 2 is the A-A sectional view of Fig. 1;
图3为图1的B-B剖视图;Fig. 3 is the B-B sectional view of Fig. 1;
图4为本发明一实施例的水平结构的拆除清运方法切割钢筋混凝土水平支撑的示意图。4 is a schematic diagram of cutting a reinforced concrete horizontal support by a method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure according to an embodiment of the present invention.
图中标号如下:The symbols in the figure are as follows:
钢筋混凝土水平支撑1;行走机构10;底座11;滚轮12;可伸缩支腿14;Reinforced concrete horizontal support 1; walking mechanism 10; base 11; roller 12; telescopic outrigger 14;
液压升降机20;除尘装置30;支撑平台31;挡板32;翻板33;端板34;垫块35;限位锁扣36;钩环37; Hydraulic lift 20; dust removal device 30; support platform 31; baffle plate 32; flap 33; end plate 34; pad 35; limit lock 36; shackle 37;
喷淋头50;水泵53;污水排放管道52; Sprinkler 50; Water Pump 53; Sewage Discharge Pipeline 52;
切割机60;底板62;链锯链条61;转接装置70;转动轴71;旋转基座72;角度传感器81;压力调节装置83;集成后台90。 Cutting machine 60 ; base plate 62 ; chainsaw chain 61 ; adapter device 70 ; rotating shaft 71 ;
具体实施方式detailed description
以下结合附图和具体实施例对本发明作进一步详细说明。需说明的是,附图均采用非常简化的形式且均使用非精准的比例,仅用以方便、明晰地辅助说明本发明实施例的目的。为叙述方便,下文中所述的“上”、“下”与附图的上、下的方向一致,但这不能成为本发明技术方案的限制。The present invention will be further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments. It should be noted that, the accompanying drawings are all in a very simplified form and in inaccurate scales, and are only used to facilitate and clearly assist the purpose of explaining the embodiments of the present invention. For the convenience of description, the "upper" and "lower" described below are consistent with the upper and lower directions of the drawings, but this cannot be a limitation of the technical solution of the present invention.
本实施例采用拆除清运装置完成拟拆除的水平结构的拆除清运施工,为了明确方向关系,按需要设置了将z轴方向作为拆除清运装置高度延伸方向的xyz直角坐标系,本实施例中拟拆除的水平结构以钢筋混凝土水平支撑1为例,下面结合图1至图4说明本发明的水平结构的拆除清运方法,具体步骤如下:In this embodiment, the removal and removal device is used to complete the removal and removal of the horizontal structure to be removed. In order to clarify the directional relationship, an xyz rectangular coordinate system is set with the z-axis direction as the height extension direction of the removal and removal device. This embodiment The horizontal structure to be dismantled in the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 is taken as an example, the following describes the dismantling and cleaning method of the horizontal structure of the present invention in conjunction with FIG. 1 to FIG. 4, and the specific steps are as follows:
S1:如图1至图3所示,将拆除清运装置移动至拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1所在位置就位,所述拆除清运装置包括由下至上依次连接的行走机构10、液压升降机组、除尘装置30,自平衡系统,以及分别与行走机构10、自平衡系统及除尘装置30信号连接的信息处理平台;除尘装置30包括筒状主体、设置于筒状主体内腔的夹紧机构及切割机60;液压升降机组包括沿行走机构10轴线竖向间隔设置,且分别与除尘装置30、行走机构10连接的两个液压升降机20,自平衡系统包括设置于支撑平台31的角度传感器81,及与液压升降机组连接的压力调节装置83;S1: As shown in Figures 1 to 3, move the removal and removal device to the position where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is located, and the removal and removal device includes a traveling mechanism 10 and a hydraulic lift that are sequentially connected from bottom to top assembly, a dust removal device 30, a self-balancing system, and an information processing platform respectively connected with the traveling mechanism 10, the self-balancing system and the dust removal device 30; the dust removal device 30 includes a cylindrical body and a clamping mechanism arranged in the inner cavity of the cylindrical body and the cutting machine 60; the hydraulic lift unit includes two hydraulic lifts 20 that are vertically spaced along the axis of the traveling mechanism 10 and are respectively connected with the dust removal device 30 and the traveling mechanism 10, and the self-balancing system includes an angle sensor 81 arranged on the support platform 31 , and the pressure regulating device 83 connected to the hydraulic lift unit;
S2:如图4所示,信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的两个液压升降机20同步顶升,使得除尘装置的高度与拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的高度相适应, 且除尘装置30包覆于拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的外部,启动切割机60对钢筋混凝土水平支撑1实施切割拆除施工;S2: As shown in Figure 4, the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic lifts 20 of the hydraulic lift unit to be lifted synchronously, so that the height of the dust removal device is compatible with the height of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, and the dust removal device 30 is covered On the outside of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, start the cutting machine 60 to perform cutting and dismantling construction on the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1;
S3:请继续参考图4,信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的两个液压升降机20同步下降,使装载有已拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的拆除清运装置离开原施工位置,角度传感器81实时获取支撑平台31的倾角数据并反馈至信息处理平台,信息处理平台经过分析及判断后发送信号至压力调节装置83,通过压力调节装置83分别控制两个液压升降机20的伸缩以调整两者的相对高度,通过两台液压升降机的高差调节使得装载有已拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的除尘装置30始终保持水平状态,控制行走机构10将已拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1运送至指定清运点。S3: Please continue to refer to FIG. 4, the information processing platform controls the two hydraulic lifts 20 of the hydraulic lift unit to descend synchronously, so that the removal and removal device loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 leaves the original construction position, and the angle sensor 81 acquires it in real time The inclination data of the support platform 31 is fed back to the information processing platform. After analysis and judgment, the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure regulating device 83, and the pressure regulating device 83 respectively controls the expansion and contraction of the two hydraulic lifts 20 to adjust the relative heights of the two. , through the height difference adjustment of the two hydraulic lifts, the dust removal device 30 loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 is always kept in a horizontal state, and the traveling mechanism 10 is controlled to transport the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to the designated clearing point.
本发明的水平结构的拆除清运方法,首先,将拆除清运装置移动至拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1所在位置就位,信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的液压升降机20同步上升,使得除尘装置30包覆于拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的外部,利用液压升降机组的顶升灵活调整拆除清运装置的高度,能够适应不同标高水平结构的拆除施工,在除尘装置30对拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1进行临时支撑及封闭后,启动切割机60对钢筋混凝土水平支撑1实施切割拆除施工,除尘装置30能够阻止切割施工产生的碎块、粉尘进入周边环境,并降低了施工的安全风险;拆除清运装置在运输过程遇不平整、颠簸路况时,角度传感器81实时获取支撑平台31的倾角数据并反馈至信息处理平台,信息处理平台经过分析及判断后发送信号至压力调节装置83,通过压力调节装置83分别控制两个液压升降机20的伸缩以调整两者的相对高度,通过两台液压升降机20的高差调节使得装载有已拆除钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的除尘装置30始终保持水平状态,从而避免钢筋混凝土水平支撑1因发生过大抖动或过大倾斜而坠落,提高了拆除清运施工的安全性;可见,本发明的拆除清运方法自动化程度高,操作灵活方便,提高了施工效率,不但能够适应场地要求较高的施工环境,而且降低了施工安全风险及对周边环境的污染。In the method of dismantling and clearing the horizontal structure of the present invention, first, the dismantling and clearing device is moved to the position where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be dismantled is located, and the information processing platform controls the hydraulic elevator 20 of the hydraulic elevator unit to rise synchronously, so that the dust removal device 30 is covered on the outside of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, and the height of the removal and removal device can be flexibly adjusted by the jacking of the hydraulic lift unit, which can adapt to the demolition construction of structures at different levels. After the concrete horizontal support 1 is temporarily supported and closed, the cutting machine 60 is started to perform cutting and dismantling construction on the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1. The dust removal device 30 can prevent the fragments and dust generated by the cutting construction from entering the surrounding environment and reduce the safety risk of construction. ; When the removal and transportation device encounters uneven and bumpy road conditions during transportation, the angle sensor 81 acquires the inclination data of the support platform 31 in real time and feeds it back to the information processing platform. After analysis and judgment, the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure adjustment device 83, The two hydraulic lifts 20 are respectively controlled by the pressure adjusting device 83 to expand and contract to adjust their relative heights. The height difference adjustment of the two hydraulic lifts 20 keeps the dust removal device 30 loaded with the dismantled reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 always in a horizontal state. Therefore, the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 is prevented from falling due to excessive shaking or excessive inclination, and the safety of the demolition, removal and transportation construction is improved; it can be seen that the demolition and transportation method of the present invention has a high degree of automation, is flexible and convenient to operate, and improves the construction. It can not only adapt to the construction environment with high site requirements, but also reduce the construction safety risk and pollution to the surrounding environment.
如图2所示,拆除清运装置还包括设置于行走机构10与液压升降机组之间的转接装置70,转接装置70包括固接于底座11的转动轴71,及与转动轴71活动连接的旋转基座72,两个液压升降机20的底部均连接于旋转基座72;转接装置70的设置使得除尘装置30能够相对于行走机构10在水平面内旋转 360°;所述步骤S2中,当拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1所在垂直面与除尘装置30所在垂直面存在夹角时,控制旋转基座72带动除尘装置30转动,使得除尘装置30与拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1位于同一垂直面,便于除尘装置30后续的准确定位;综上所述,如图1和图2所示,利用行走机构10的运动改变除尘装置30沿x轴方向的位置,通过调整两个液压升降机20的高度改变除尘装置30沿z轴方向的位置,通过旋转转接装置70改变除尘装置30沿y轴方向的位置,使其与拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的位置相适应,从而实现多维度调整除尘装置30空间位置的目的,使其与钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的空间位置相适应,由于除尘装置30的定位操作更加灵活方便,因此降低了钢筋混凝土水平支撑1拆除施工的难度。As shown in FIG. 2 , the dismantling and transporting device further includes a transfer device 70 disposed between the traveling mechanism 10 and the hydraulic lift unit. The transfer device 70 includes a rotating shaft 71 fixed to the base 11 and movable with the rotating shaft 71 The connected rotating base 72, the bottoms of the two hydraulic lifts 20 are both connected to the rotating base 72; the setting of the adapter device 70 enables the dust removal device 30 to rotate 360° in the horizontal plane relative to the traveling mechanism 10; in the step S2 , when there is an included angle between the vertical plane where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed and the vertical plane where the dust removal device 30 is located, the rotating base 72 is controlled to drive the dust removal device 30 to rotate, so that the dust removal device 30 and the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed are located in The same vertical plane is convenient for the subsequent accurate positioning of the dust removal device 30. In summary, as shown in Figures 1 and 2, the movement of the traveling mechanism 10 is used to change the position of the dust removal device 30 along the x-axis direction, and by adjusting the two hydraulic lifts The height of 20 changes the position of the dust removal device 30 along the z-axis direction, and the position of the dust removal device 30 along the y-axis direction is changed by rotating the transfer device 70, so that it is adapted to the position of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, so as to achieve multiple The purpose of dimensionally adjusting the spatial position of the dust removal device 30 is to adapt it to the spatial position of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1. Since the positioning operation of the dust removal device 30 is more flexible and convenient, the difficulty of dismantling the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 is reduced.
所述压力调节装置83包括与信息处理平台信号连接的压力控制器,及设置于液压油缸的控制阀,控制阀与压力控制器电连接,压力调节装置83在接收信息处理平台的信号后,控制液压油缸控制阀的开启程度,进而调节液压油缸的行程,实现对液压升降机压力的自动调节,提高了自动化控制的准确性。The pressure regulating device 83 includes a pressure controller signally connected to the information processing platform, and a control valve arranged on the hydraulic cylinder, the control valve is electrically connected to the pressure controller, and the pressure regulating device 83 controls the signal after receiving the signal from the information processing platform. The hydraulic cylinder controls the opening degree of the valve, and then adjusts the stroke of the hydraulic cylinder, realizes the automatic adjustment of the pressure of the hydraulic lift, and improves the accuracy of the automatic control.
如图1和图2所示,行走机构10包括底座11、设置于底座11底部的多对滚轮12,设置于底座11两侧的多个可伸缩支腿14;步骤S1还包括,收缩行走机构10的可伸缩支腿14并通过滚轮12的运动将拆除清运装置整体移动至拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1所在位置就位,伸展可伸缩支腿14使其与底座11构成的稳定支撑体系作为拆除清运装置受力体系的基础,使得拆除清运装置能够在切割拆除工作时处于稳定状态;步骤S3还包括,除尘装置30高度下降至稳定状态后,再次收缩可伸缩支腿14并通过滚轮12的运动将已拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1运送至指定清运点。As shown in FIG. 1 and FIG. 2 , the walking mechanism 10 includes a base 11 , a plurality of pairs of rollers 12 arranged at the bottom of the base 11 , and a plurality of retractable outriggers 14 arranged on both sides of the base 11 ; step S1 further includes shrinking the walking mechanism The retractable outriggers 14 of the 10 and through the movement of the rollers 12 move the dismantling and transporting device as a whole to the position where the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be dismantled is in place, and the retractable outriggers 14 are stretched to form a stable support system with the base 11. As the basis for the force system of the dismantling cleaning device, the dismantling cleaning device can be in a stable state during the cutting and dismantling work; step S3 further includes, after the height of the dust removal device 30 is lowered to a stable state, shrink the telescopic outriggers 14 again and pass through The movement of the rollers 12 transports the dismantled reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to the designated clearing point.
如图2和图3所示,本实施例的除尘罩包括沿支撑平台31长度方向设置并连接于支撑平台31两侧的挡板32,及连接于两块挡板32之间的翻板33,翻板33与挡板32之间为铰接、卡接等活动连接方式,方便拆装,挡板32、翻板33均由钢板制成,当然,除尘罩也可采用可伸展收缩的除尘布袋制成,均可实现本发明的技术方案,此处不作限定。所述步骤S2中,拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1支撑于支撑平台30,除尘罩的两块挡板32位于拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的两侧,除尘罩的翻板33与挡板32活动连接,翻转翻板33使得其覆盖于拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的顶部。As shown in FIGS. 2 and 3 , the dust cover of this embodiment includes baffles 32 arranged along the length of the support platform 31 and connected to both sides of the support platform 31 , and a flap 33 connected between the two baffles 32 . , the flap 33 and the baffle 32 are hinged, snap-connected and other active connections, which are convenient for disassembly and assembly. The baffle 32 and the flap 33 are all made of steel plates. Of course, the dust cover can also use stretchable and shrinkable dust removal bags. The technical solution of the present invention can be realized by making it, which is not limited here. In the step S2, the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is supported on the support platform 30, the two baffles 32 of the dust cover are located on both sides of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, and the flaps 33 of the dust cover and the baffles. 32 is articulated, and the flap 33 is turned over so that it covers the top of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed.
如图3所示,除尘罩还包括锁扣件,锁扣件包括设置于翻板33端部的限位锁扣36,及设置于另一侧挡板32外侧的钩环37,如图4所示,除尘装置30就位后,翻板33移动至两个挡板32顶部,限位锁扣36与钩环37之间为搭接、卡接等活动连接方式,实现除尘罩的封闭,拆装方便。As shown in FIG. 3 , the dust cover further includes a locking piece, and the locking piece includes a limit lock 36 arranged at the end of the flap 33 , and a shackle 37 arranged on the outside of the other side baffle 32 , as shown in FIG. 4 As shown in the figure, after the dust removal device 30 is in place, the flap 33 moves to the top of the two baffles 32, and the limit lock 36 and the shackle 37 are connected by an active connection such as lap joint or snap connection, so as to realize the sealing of the dust cover. Easy to disassemble.
如图2所示,除尘罩还包括活动连接于其两端的端板34,步骤S2中,翻转或移动端板34使得其与支撑平台31共同构成一封闭空间,切割施工完成后,信息处理平台控制装载有已拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的拆除清运装置移出原施工位置,两端端板34封闭,阻止切割施工产生的粉尘进入周边环境,此处,端板34也可采用可伸展收缩的除尘布袋制成,均可实现本发明的技术方案。As shown in FIG. 2 , the dust cover also includes end plates 34 movably connected to its two ends. In step S2, the end plates 34 are turned or moved so that they and the support platform 31 together form a closed space. After the cutting construction is completed, the information processing platform Control the removal and removal device loaded with the removed reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to move out of the original construction position, and the end plates 34 at both ends are closed to prevent the dust generated by the cutting construction from entering the surrounding environment. Here, the end plates 34 can also be stretched and contracted. The dust bag is made of the dust bag, and the technical scheme of the present invention can be realized.
如图3所示,在除尘装置30内腔的两端各设置一个切割机60,切割机60包括:固接于支撑平台31的底板62,缠绕于底板62的转动轴的链锯链条61,及与底板62的转动轴连接的电机,步骤S2中,将两个切割机60的链锯链条61分别缠绕于拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的外部后,启动切割机60的电机带动链锯链条61移动,同步对钢筋混凝土水平支撑1的两端进行切割,从而拆除该钢筋混凝土水平支撑1。As shown in FIG. 3 , a cutting machine 60 is provided at both ends of the inner cavity of the dust removal device 30 . The cutting machine 60 includes: a bottom plate 62 fixed to the support platform 31 , a chainsaw chain 61 wound around the rotating shaft of the bottom plate 62 , and the motor connected to the rotating shaft of the bottom plate 62. In step S2, after the chainsaw chains 61 of the two cutting machines 60 are respectively wound around the outside of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, the motor of the cutting machine 60 is started to drive the chainsaw The chain 61 moves to cut both ends of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 synchronously, thereby removing the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 .
如图2所示,拆除清运装置还包括自动喷淋系统,自动喷淋系统包括安装于筒状主体内腔且靠近切割机60设置的多个喷淋头50,通过管路与喷淋头50连接的水泵,与筒状主体连通的污水收集装置和污水循环处理后台(图中未示出),且污水循环处理后台与喷淋头50连通,污水循环处理后台和水泵均与信息处理平台信号连接。所述步骤S2中,在切割机60对拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1实施切割施工时,信息处理平台控制自动喷淋系统启动,位于拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1切割位置的喷淋头50同步喷淋,从而在切割过程中达到降温及除尘的作用,污水收集装置收集喷淋过程中产生的污水,并通过污水循环处理后台将污水循环处理净化为可供再次喷淋使用的水源,并供给喷淋头50进行循环喷淋作业,实现对水资源的再利用,最后,喷淋后产生的废水经由污水排放管道输送至指定地点,避免污染周边环境。As shown in FIG. 2 , the dismantling and cleaning device also includes an automatic spraying system. The automatic spraying system includes a plurality of spraying heads 50 installed in the inner cavity of the cylindrical main body and arranged close to the cutting machine 60 . The water pump connected to 50, the sewage collection device and the sewage circulation treatment background (not shown in the figure) connected with the cylindrical body, and the sewage circulation treatment background is communicated with the sprinkler head 50, and the sewage circulation treatment background and the water pump are both connected with the information processing platform. signal connection. In the step S2, when the cutting machine 60 performs cutting construction on the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed, the information processing platform controls the automatic sprinkler system to start, and the sprinkler head 50 at the cutting position of the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is located. Synchronous spraying, so as to achieve the effect of cooling and dust removal during the cutting process. The sewage collection device collects the sewage generated in the spraying process, and purifies the sewage through the sewage recycling treatment background into a water source that can be used for re-spraying. The spraying head 50 is supplied to perform a circulating spraying operation to realize the reuse of water resources. Finally, the waste water generated after spraying is transported to a designated location through a sewage discharge pipeline to avoid polluting the surrounding environment.
请继续参考图2,支撑平台31顶部还设有多个垫块35,拟拆除的钢筋混凝土水平支撑1支撑于多个垫块35,以减小钢筋混凝土水平支撑1与支撑平台31上表面的摩擦力,以降低设备损耗。Please continue to refer to FIG. 2 , the top of the support platform 31 is also provided with a plurality of spacers 35 , and the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 to be removed is supported on the plurality of spacers 35 to reduce the distance between the reinforced concrete horizontal support 1 and the upper surface of the support platform 31 . friction to reduce equipment wear.
请继续参考图2,为避免占用除尘装置30内腔切割施工的作业空间,拆除清运装置还包括设置于支撑平台31底部或底座11顶部的集成后台70,集成后台70至少包括切割机60的电机、自动喷淋系统的水泵53,挡板32上还设有多个通孔,集成后台70的电线、水管、油路等穿过多个通孔后与位于除尘装置30内腔的相应设备连接,将集成后台70安装于除尘装置30外部并集中管理,不但节省空间,而且维修方便。Please continue to refer to FIG. 2 , in order to avoid occupying the working space for cutting and construction in the inner cavity of the dust removal device 30 , the removal and removal device also includes an integrated backstage 70 disposed at the bottom of the support platform 31 or the top of the base 11 , and the integrated backstage 70 at least includes the cutting machine 60 . The motor, the water pump 53 of the automatic sprinkler system, and the baffle plate 32 are also provided with a plurality of through holes, and the wires, water pipes, oil circuits, etc. of the integrated background 70 pass through the plurality of through holes and are connected with the corresponding equipment located in the inner cavity of the dust removal device 30. Connected, the integrated background 70 is installed outside the dust removal device 30 and managed centrally, which not only saves space, but also facilitates maintenance.
上述描述仅是对本发明较佳实施例的描述,并非对本发明范围的任何限定,本发明领域的普通技术人员根据上述揭示内容做的任何变更、修饰,均属于权利要求范围。The above description is only a description of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Any changes and modifications made by those of ordinary skill in the field of the present invention based on the above disclosure are within the scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

  1. 一种水平结构的拆除清运方法,其特征在于,步骤如下:A method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure, characterized in that the steps are as follows:
    S1:将拆除清运装置移动至拟拆除的水平结构所在位置就位,所述拆除清运装置包括由下至上依次连接的行走机构、液压升降机组、除尘装置,自平衡系统,以及分别与行走机构、自平衡系统及除尘装置信号连接的信息处理平台;除尘装置包括筒状主体、设置于筒状主体内腔的夹紧机构及切割机;液压升降机组包括沿行走机构轴线竖向间隔设置,且分别与除尘装置、行走机构连接的两个液压升降机;自平衡系统包括设置于支撑平台的角度传感器,及与液压升降机组连接的压力调节装置;S1: Move the dismantling and cleaning device to the position of the horizontal structure to be dismantled. The dismantling and cleaning device includes a traveling mechanism, a hydraulic lift unit, a dust removal device, a self-balancing system, and a walking mechanism, which are connected in sequence from bottom to top. The mechanism, the self-balancing system and the information processing platform for the signal connection of the dust removal device; the dust removal device includes a cylindrical body, a clamping mechanism and a cutting machine arranged in the inner cavity of the cylindrical body; the hydraulic lift unit includes vertical intervals along the axis of the traveling mechanism, and two hydraulic lifts respectively connected with the dust removal device and the traveling mechanism; the self-balancing system includes an angle sensor arranged on the support platform, and a pressure regulating device connected with the hydraulic lift unit;
    S2:所述信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的两个液压升降机同步顶升,使得除尘装置的高度与拟拆除的水平结构的高度相适应,且除尘装置包覆于拟拆除的水平结构外部,启动切割机对水平结构实施切割拆除施工;S2: The information processing platform controls the two hydraulic elevators of the hydraulic elevator unit to be jacked up synchronously, so that the height of the dust removal device is adapted to the height of the horizontal structure to be removed, and the dust removal device is covered outside the horizontal structure to be removed, and the start The cutting machine performs cutting and demolition construction on the horizontal structure;
    S3:所述信息处理平台控制液压升降机组的两个液压升降机同步下降,使装载有已拆除的水平结构的拆除清运装置离开原施工位置,所述角度传感器实时获取支撑平台的倾角数据并反馈至信息处理平台,所述信息处理平台经过分析及判断后发送信号至压力调节装置,所述压力调节装置分别控制两个液压升降机的伸缩以调整两者的相对高度,使得所述除尘装置始终保持水平状态,将已拆除的水平结构运送至指定清运点。S3: The information processing platform controls the two hydraulic lifts of the hydraulic lift unit to descend synchronously, so that the dismantling and transporting device loaded with the dismantled horizontal structure leaves the original construction position, and the angle sensor acquires the inclination data of the support platform in real time and feeds back To the information processing platform, the information processing platform sends a signal to the pressure regulating device after analysis and judgment, and the pressure regulating device respectively controls the expansion and contraction of the two hydraulic lifts to adjust the relative heights of the two, so that the dust removal device always maintains In the horizontal state, the dismantled horizontal structure is transported to the designated clearing point.
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的拆除清运方法,其特征在于:所述步骤S2中,当拟拆除的水平结构所在垂直面与除尘装置所在垂直面存在夹角时,转动设置于行走机构与液压升降机组之间的转接装置,所述转接装置的旋转基座带动除尘装置转动,使得除尘装置与拟拆除的水平结构位于同一垂直面。The dismantling, clearing and transporting method according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the step S2, when there is an included angle between the vertical plane where the horizontal structure to be dismantled and the vertical plane where the dust removal device is located, the rotating mechanism and the hydraulic lift are rotated. The transfer device between the groups, the rotating base of the transfer device drives the dust removal device to rotate, so that the dust removal device and the horizontal structure to be removed are located on the same vertical plane.
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的拆除清运方法,其特征在于:所述步骤S1还包括,收缩行走机构的可伸缩支腿并通过滚轮的运动将拆除清运装置整体移动至拟拆除的水平结构所在位置就位,伸展可伸缩支腿使其与底座构成的稳定支撑体系;所述步骤S3还包括,除尘装置的高度下降至稳定状态后,再次收缩可伸缩支腿并通过滚轮的运动将已拆除的水平结构运送至指定清运点。The dismantling, clearing and transporting method according to claim 1, wherein the step S1 further comprises: shrinking the telescopic outriggers of the walking mechanism and moving the entire dismantling and clearing and transporting device to the location of the horizontal structure to be dismantled through the movement of the rollers When the position is in place, the retractable outriggers are extended to form a stable support system with the base; the step S3 further includes, after the height of the dust removal device is lowered to a stable state, retract the retractable outriggers again and remove the removed outriggers through the movement of the rollers. The horizontal structure is transported to the designated clearing point.
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的拆除清运方法,其特征在于:所述步骤S2中,拟拆除的水平结构支撑于所述支撑平台,筒状主体的除尘罩的两块挡板位于拟拆除的水平结构的两侧,除尘罩的翻板与一侧挡板活动连接,翻转翻板使得其覆盖于拟拆除的水平结构的顶部。The dismantling, clearing and transporting method according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the step S2, the horizontal structure to be dismantled is supported on the support platform, and the two baffles of the dust cover of the cylindrical main body are located at the level to be dismantled. On both sides of the structure, the flaps of the dust cover are movably connected to one side baffle, and the flaps are turned over to cover the top of the horizontal structure to be removed.
  5. 根据权利要求4所述的水平结构的拆除清运方法,其特征在于:所述除尘罩还包括锁扣件,所述锁扣件包括设置于所述翻板端部的限位锁扣,及设置于另一侧挡板外侧的钩环,所述翻板覆盖于拟拆除的水平结构的顶部后,将所述限位锁扣和所述钩环活动连接。The method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure according to claim 4, wherein the dust cover further comprises a locking piece, and the locking piece comprises a limit lock arranged at the end of the flap, and A shackle arranged on the outer side of the other side baffle, after the flip plate covers the top of the horizontal structure to be removed, the limit lock is movably connected to the shackle.
  6. 根据权利要求4所述的水平结构的拆除清运方法,其特征在于,所述步骤S2中,所述除尘罩还包括与其两端活动连接的端板,切割施工完成后,控制装载有已拆除的水平结构的拆除清运装置移出原施工位置,翻转或移动所述端板封闭所述除尘罩的两端。The method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure according to claim 4, wherein in the step S2, the dust hood further comprises an end plate movably connected to both ends of the dust hood. The removal and removal device of the horizontal structure is moved out of the original construction position, and the end plates are turned or moved to close both ends of the dust cover.
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的水平结构的拆除清运方法,其特征在于:所述步骤S2中,将两台所述切割机的链锯链条分别缠绕于拟拆除的水平结构的两端,启动所述切割机的电机驱动所述链锯链条移动,同步对所述水平结构的两端进行切割。The method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: in the step S2, the chainsaw chains of the two cutting machines are respectively wound around the two ends of the horizontal structure to be dismantled, and the The motor of the cutting machine drives the chain saw chain to move, and synchronously cuts both ends of the horizontal structure.
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的水平结构的拆除清运方法,其特征在于:所述步骤S2还包括:拆除清运装置还包括自动喷淋系统,在实施切割施工的同时,所述信息处理平台控制自动喷淋系统启动,使得位于水平结构切割位置的喷淋头自动喷淋,污水收集装置收集喷淋过程中产生的污水,并通过污水循环处理后台将污水循环处理净化为可供再次喷淋使用的水源,并供给喷淋头进行循环喷淋作业,喷淋后产生的废水经由污水排放管道输送至指定地点。The method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure according to claim 1, wherein the step S2 further comprises: the dismantling and clearing and transporting device further comprises an automatic spraying system, and the information processing platform controls the The automatic sprinkler system is activated, so that the sprinkler head located at the cutting position of the horizontal structure is automatically sprayed, and the sewage collection device collects the sewage generated during the spraying process, and purifies the sewage through the sewage recycling treatment background so that it can be used for re-spraying. The water source is supplied to the sprinkler head for circulating spray operation, and the waste water generated after spraying is transported to the designated location through the sewage discharge pipeline.
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的水平结构的拆除清运方法,其特征在于:所述除尘装置的支撑平台顶部还设有多个垫块,拟拆除的水平结构支撑于垫块。The method for dismantling, clearing and transporting a horizontal structure according to claim 1, characterized in that: the top of the support platform of the dust removal device is further provided with a plurality of cushion blocks, and the horizontal structure to be dismantled is supported on the cushion blocks.
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