WO2021128826A1 - Battery-replaceable load-bearing motion apparatus - Google Patents

Battery-replaceable load-bearing motion apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2021128826A1
WO2021128826A1 PCT/CN2020/103699 CN2020103699W WO2021128826A1 WO 2021128826 A1 WO2021128826 A1 WO 2021128826A1 CN 2020103699 W CN2020103699 W CN 2020103699W WO 2021128826 A1 WO2021128826 A1 WO 2021128826A1
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WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
positioning
battery box
battery
locking
fixing tongue
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PCT/CN2020/103699
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French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
丁习坤
李松磊
来瑞俊
祝礼康
刘俊
丁辉
胡新举
唐智翀
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上海玖行能源科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201911356236.8A priority Critical patent/CN111002844A/en
Priority to CN201911359756.4A priority patent/CN110978982A/en
Priority to CN201911357127.8A priority patent/CN110920373A/en
Priority to CN201911357127.8 priority
Priority to CN201911357201.6A priority patent/CN110920461A/en
Priority to CN201911357201.6 priority
Priority to CN201911359756.4 priority
Priority to CN201911356236.8 priority
Application filed by 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 上海玖行能源科技有限公司
Publication of WO2021128826A1 publication Critical patent/WO2021128826A1/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/60Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries
    • B60L50/64Constructional details of batteries specially adapted for electric vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/80Exchanging energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

Provided is a battery-replaceable load-bearing motion apparatus, comprising: an apparatus vehicle body (1) and a battery-replacement battery box positioning and locking apparatus (2); the battery-replacement battery box positioning and locking apparatus (2) is located on the apparatus vehicle body (1), and is used for locking the battery-replacement battery box (3). The battery-replaceable mobile load-bearing apparatus can achieve accurate and reliable positioning of battery-replacement battery box (3), and achieves quick release of the fixed state of the battery-replacement battery box (3).

Description

一种可换电载重移动装置Replaceable electric load moving device 技术领域Technical field
本发明涉及充换电技术领域,具体地,涉及移动装置换电技术领域。The present invention relates to the technical field of charging and swapping, in particular, to the technical field of battery swapping for mobile devices.
背景技术Background technique
目前在电动装置领域存在换电和充电两种模式。换电模式的电池箱采用可快速更换结构,可在专用换电站内完成更换。换电站配备有充电装置、多组电池箱及多组充电工位。在专用换电装置的作用下,将已放电的电池箱取下,放入充电工位上,将已经充电的电池箱,装到电动装置上。充电模式的电池箱采用固定式结构,电动装置放电完成后,只能采供充电枪充电进行充电。At present, there are two modes of power exchange and charging in the field of electric devices. The battery box in the power-swap mode adopts a structure that can be quickly replaced and can be replaced in a dedicated power-swap station. The swap station is equipped with charging devices, multiple battery boxes and multiple charging stations. Under the action of the special battery replacement device, the discharged battery box is removed, put into the charging station, and the charged battery box is installed on the electric device. The battery box in the charging mode adopts a fixed structure. After the electric device is discharged, it can only be charged by the charging gun.
目前的换电模式的电动装置,是能够在短时间(一般在5分钟内)完成电池箱的更换,由于换电时间短,完成特定任务量的情况下,需要的装置数量少。但是需要建设专用的换电站,投入额外的资金,占用一定的土地面积,并有一定的运维费用。The current electric device of the battery exchange mode can complete the battery box replacement in a short time (generally within 5 minutes). Due to the short battery exchange time, the number of devices required to complete a specific task is small. However, it is necessary to build a dedicated swap station, invest additional funds, occupy a certain area of land, and have certain operation and maintenance costs.
发明内容Summary of the invention
针对现有技术中的缺陷,本发明的目的是提供一种可换电移动载重装置,包括:装置车身和换电电池箱定位锁紧装置,所述换电电池箱定位锁紧装置位于所述装置车身上。In view of the shortcomings in the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to provide a replaceable mobile load carrying device, including: a device body and a battery box positioning and locking device, where the battery box positioning and locking device is located in the Device on the body.
进一步地,所述换电电池箱定位锁紧装置包括:斜块定位部件,所述斜块定位部件的斜面向外;在所述斜块定位部件上设置有侧插式锁止机构。Further, the positioning and locking device for the battery box for battery replacement includes: an oblique block positioning component, the oblique surface of the oblique block positioning component is outward, and a side-insertion locking mechanism is provided on the oblique block positioning component.
更进一步地,所述侧插式锁止机构包括气缸、连接机构、气动固定舌以及锁止主体;其中,所述气缸的推杆顶推端连接所述连接机构的一端,所述连接机构的另一端连接所述气动固定舌,所述锁止主体上开设有与所述气动固定舌的形状、大小相吻合适配的锁止孔,所述气动固定舌在所述气缸的作用下通过所述连接机 构顶推插入所述锁止孔之中。Furthermore, the side-insertion locking mechanism includes an air cylinder, a connecting mechanism, a pneumatic fixing tongue, and a locking body; wherein the push rod pushing end of the air cylinder is connected to one end of the connecting mechanism, and the connecting mechanism The other end is connected to the pneumatic fixing tongue, the locking body is provided with a locking hole that matches the shape and size of the pneumatic fixing tongue, and the pneumatic fixing tongue passes through the air cylinder under the action of the air cylinder. The connecting mechanism is pushed into the locking hole.
与现有技术相比,本发明具有如下至少一种有益效果:本发明能实现电池箱准确、可靠地定位,同时实现快速的解除换电电池箱固定状态。Compared with the prior art, the present invention has at least one beneficial effect as follows: the present invention can realize the accurate and reliable positioning of the battery box, and at the same time realize the quick release of the fixed state of the battery box for battery replacement.
附图说明Description of the drawings
通过阅读参照以下附图对非限制性实施例所作的详细描述,本发明的其它特征、目的和优点将会变得更明显:By reading the detailed description of the non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings, other features, purposes and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent:
图1为可换电移动装置图。Figure 1 is a diagram of a replaceable mobile device.
图2为换电电池箱定位锁紧装置图。Figure 2 is a diagram of the positioning and locking device for the battery box for battery replacement.
图3为换电电池箱结构示意图。Figure 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the battery box for battery replacement.
图4为三级定位部件高度示意图。Figure 4 is a schematic diagram of the height of the three-level positioning component.
图5为侧插式锁止机构图。Figure 5 is a diagram of a side-insertion locking mechanism.
图6为侧插式锁止机构图。Figure 6 is a diagram of a side-insertion locking mechanism.
图中标记分别表示为:1为装置车身,2为换电电池箱定位锁紧装置,3为换电电池箱;201为电池箱固定底座、202为斜块定位部件、203为定位锥形销、205为侧插式锁止机构、206为连接器插座导孔、207为电池箱、208为连接器插头、209为电池箱底部横梁、210为定位孔、211为连接器插头导柱、212为加强部件、213为定位块、214为支撑件;501为气缸、502为限位套、503为压缩弹簧、504为连接杆、505为气动固定舌、506为紧定螺钉、507为导套、508为滑动套、509为弹簧销、510为斜块定位部件、511为挡板、512为挡板安装螺钉、513为气缸安装螺钉。The symbols in the figure are respectively indicated as: 1 is the body of the device, 2 is the positioning and locking device for the battery box for battery replacement, 3 is the battery box for battery replacement; 201 is the battery box fixing base, 202 is the inclined block positioning component, and 203 is the positioning taper pin , 205 is a side plug locking mechanism, 206 is a connector socket guide hole, 207 is a battery box, 208 is a connector plug, 209 is a bottom beam of the battery box, 210 is a positioning hole, 211 is a connector plug guide post, 212 It is a reinforcing part, 213 is a positioning block, 214 is a support; 501 is a cylinder, 502 is a limit sleeve, 503 is a compression spring, 504 is a connecting rod, 505 is a pneumatic fixing tongue, 506 is a set screw, and 507 is a guide sleeve 508 is a sliding sleeve, 509 is a spring pin, 510 is a diagonal block positioning component, 511 is a baffle, 512 is a baffle mounting screw, and 513 is a cylinder mounting screw.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面结合具体实施例对本发明进行详细说明。以下实施例将有助于本领域的技术人员进一步理解本发明,但不以任何形式限制本发明。应当指出的是,对本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进。这些都属于本发明的保护范围。The present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with specific embodiments. The following examples will help those skilled in the art to further understand the present invention, but do not limit the present invention in any form. It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, several modifications and improvements can be made without departing from the concept of the present invention. These all belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
如图1所示,可换电移动载重装置包括:装置车身1,装置车身1上设置有换电电池箱定位锁紧装置2、换电换电电池箱3、车头;其中,车头有驾驶室,车头后方是装置车身1,车头和装置车身1连接,装置车身1作为 承重的主要部件,承载运输的物品。装置车身1下方为车轮,车轮可以根据载重装置的具体载重来设置两组或两组以上。换电电池箱定位锁紧装置2位于装置车身1上,用于固定锁紧换电换电电池箱3。通过该换电电池箱定位锁紧装置2将换电电池箱锁紧固定在装置车身1上,在需要换电的时候,解除换电电池箱定位锁紧装置2的锁紧,通过吊装的方式将换电换电电池箱3进行吊起换电,并在更换成充满电的换电换电电池箱3之后,再次通过电池箱固定锁紧装置2将新换的换电换电电池箱3锁紧。As shown in Figure 1, the replaceable mobile load-carrying device includes: a device body 1 on which is provided with a battery box positioning and locking device 2, a battery switch box 3, and a front; wherein the front of the vehicle has a cab , Behind the front of the car is the device body 1, which is connected to the device body 1. The device body 1 is the main load-bearing component and carries the goods to be transported. Below the device body 1 are wheels, and the wheels can be arranged in two groups or more than two groups according to the specific load of the load-carrying device. The battery box positioning and locking device 2 for battery replacement is located on the body 1 of the device, and is used to fix and lock the battery box 3 for battery replacement. The replacement battery box positioning and locking device 2 is used to lock and fix the replacement battery box on the body 1 of the device. When the battery needs to be replaced, the locking of the replacement battery box positioning and locking device 2 is released by hoisting Lift and replace the battery box 3 for battery replacement, and after replacing it with a fully charged battery box 3, use the battery box fixing and locking device 2 to replace the new battery box 3 again. Lock tightly.
参照图2所示,换电电池箱定位锁紧装置2可以包括:电池箱固定底座201,该电池箱固定底座201的形状和尺寸与换电电池箱3相匹配,电池箱固定底座201上设有用于三级定位的斜块定位部件202、定位锥形销203、连接器插座导孔206及用于定位后锁紧的侧插式锁止机构205。电池箱固定底座201为一长方形框架,在长方形框架的每个边上均设置有斜块定位部件202,且斜块定位部件202位于长方形框架的内侧,斜块定位部件202的斜面向外,用于实现换电换电电池箱3粗定位;在长方形框架的两个对边(长边)上还设有定位锥形销203,定位锥形销203高度小于斜块定位部件202的高度,该定位锥形销203插入换电换电电池箱3底部的定位孔304,用于实现换电换电电池箱3精定位。在电池箱固定底座201的长方形框架上还设有连接器插座导孔206,定位锥形销203的高度高于连接器插座导孔206的高度,换电电池箱3上的连接器插头导柱303插入连接器插座导孔206实现连接器耦合定位。在斜块定位部件202上设置有侧插式锁止机构205,侧插式锁止机构205在斜块定位部件202、定位锥形销203以及连接器插座导孔206与换电电池箱3连接后进行锁紧。斜块定位部件202设计为6个,固定在电池箱固定底座201的框架内侧的四周,在长方形框架的长度方向布置4个,在长方形框架的宽度方向布置2个;在电池箱固定底座201的框架内侧固定4个定位锥形销203,斜块定位部件202、定位锥形销203均优选对称设置。6个斜块定位部件202为方形柱状部件,其上端部设有斜面,该斜面面向方形框架的外侧;定位锥形销203位于斜块定位部件202的一侧,且斜块定位部件202顶部设置为锥形。斜面的角度可以选择小于等于45度,当然在其他实施例中,也可以根据实际情况进行选择设计,并不限于此。同样的,在其他实施例中,柱状也可以是其他形状,并不局限为方形。2, the battery box positioning and locking device 2 for battery replacement may include: a battery box fixing base 201, the shape and size of the battery box fixing base 201 is matched with the battery box 3, and the battery box fixing base 201 is provided There are oblique block positioning components 202 for three-level positioning, positioning tapered pins 203, connector socket guide holes 206, and a side-insertion locking mechanism 205 for locking after positioning. The battery box fixing base 201 is a rectangular frame. Each side of the rectangular frame is provided with a diagonal block positioning component 202, and the diagonal block positioning component 202 is located on the inner side of the rectangular frame, and the diagonal surface of the diagonal block positioning component 202 is outwards. In order to realize the rough positioning of the battery box 3 for battery replacement; the two opposite sides (long sides) of the rectangular frame are also provided with positioning tapered pins 203, the height of the positioning tapered pins 203 is smaller than the height of the inclined block positioning part 202, The positioning tapered pin 203 is inserted into the positioning hole 304 at the bottom of the battery box 3 for battery replacement and is used to achieve precise positioning of the battery box 3 for battery replacement. The rectangular frame of the battery box fixing base 201 is also provided with a connector socket guide hole 206. The height of the positioning tapered pin 203 is higher than the height of the connector socket guide hole 206. The connector plug guide post on the battery box 3 is replaced. 303 is inserted into the guide hole 206 of the connector socket to realize the coupling and positioning of the connector. A side-insertion locking mechanism 205 is provided on the oblique block positioning component 202, and the side-insertion locking mechanism 205 is connected to the replacement battery box 3 at the oblique block positioning component 202, the positioning taper pin 203, and the connector socket guide hole 206 Then lock it. There are six oblique block positioning components 202, which are fixed around the inner side of the frame of the battery box fixing base 201, four are arranged in the length direction of the rectangular frame, and two are arranged in the width direction of the rectangular frame; in the battery box fixing base 201 Four positioning tapered pins 203 are fixed inside the frame, and the inclined block positioning component 202 and the positioning tapered pins 203 are preferably arranged symmetrically. The six oblique block positioning parts 202 are square columnar parts, the upper end of which is provided with an inclined surface, which faces the outside of the square frame; the positioning tapered pin 203 is located on one side of the oblique block positioning part 202, and the top of the inclined block positioning part 202 is provided It is cone-shaped. The angle of the inclined surface can be selected to be less than or equal to 45 degrees. Of course, in other embodiments, it can also be selected and designed according to actual conditions, and is not limited to this. Similarly, in other embodiments, the columnar shape can also be other shapes, and is not limited to a square shape.
斜块定位部件202、定位锥形销203对称布置,位于长方形框架的一组对边 上的斜块定位部件202一侧设置定位锥形销203,另一侧设有增加强度的加强部件212,保证稳定性,提高安全性。定位锥形销203设置于一定位块213上,定位块213固定于方形框架长边。定位块213也采用对称布置,通过这些对称设置,为整个换电电池箱3换电过程中的定位和锁紧提供更好的平衡作用。The oblique block positioning component 202 and the positioning tapered pins 203 are arranged symmetrically. The oblique block positioning component 202 located on a set of opposite sides of the rectangular frame is provided with a positioning tapered pin 203 on one side, and a strengthening member 212 for increasing strength is provided on the other side. Ensure stability and improve safety. The positioning tapered pin 203 is disposed on a positioning block 213, and the positioning block 213 is fixed on the long side of the square frame. The positioning block 213 also adopts a symmetrical arrangement. Through these symmetrical arrangements, a better balance is provided for the positioning and locking of the entire battery box 3 during the battery exchange process.
参照图2、3、7所示,电池箱框架底部横梁301内部表面与电池箱固定底座201的斜块定位部件202位相配合,换电电池箱3框架底部的定位孔304与电池箱固定底座201的定位锥形销203相配合;换电电池箱3框架底部的连接器插头导柱303与电池箱固定底座201的连接器插座导孔206相配合。电池箱底部框架横梁301与侧插式锁止机构205相配合,最终实现换电换电电池箱3的可靠定位和连接器的可靠连接。Referring to Figures 2, 3 and 7, the internal surface of the bottom beam 301 of the battery box frame is matched with the oblique block positioning component 202 of the battery box fixing base 201, and the positioning hole 304 at the bottom of the battery box 3 frame and the battery box fixing base 201 The positioning taper pin 203 is matched; the connector plug guide post 303 at the bottom of the frame of the battery box 3 is matched with the connector socket guide hole 206 of the battery box fixing base 201. The frame beam 301 at the bottom of the battery box cooperates with the side-insertion locking mechanism 205 to finally realize the reliable positioning of the battery box 3 and the reliable connection of the connectors.
图3为换电电池箱3结构示意图。换电电池箱3为框架结构,换电电池箱3的框架底部设有连接器插头302、换电换电电池箱3底部横梁301、定位孔304、连接器插头导柱303,用于与电池箱固定底座201的部件进行匹配定位。连接器插头302设置在换电换电电池箱3底部横梁301上,连接器插头导柱303设置在连接器插头302附近,定位孔304位于连接器插头导柱303的一侧,换电换电电池箱3的框架结构底部安装四个连接器插头302,每个插头上有两个连接器插头导柱303,连接器插头导柱303与连接器插座6耦合定位;在换电换电电池箱3箱体框架结构底部固定4个定位孔304,电池箱固定底座201的定位锥形销203插入这4个定位孔304,实现两者的配合。FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the battery box 3 for battery replacement. The replacement battery box 3 is a frame structure. The bottom of the frame of the replacement battery box 3 is provided with a connector plug 302, a bottom beam 301 of the replacement battery box 3, a positioning hole 304, and a connector plug guide post 303 for connecting with the battery. The components of the box fixing base 201 are matched and positioned. The connector plug 302 is set on the bottom beam 301 of the battery box 3, the connector plug guide post 303 is set near the connector plug 302, and the positioning hole 304 is located on one side of the connector plug guide post 303. Four connector plugs 302 are installed at the bottom of the frame structure of the battery box 3, each plug has two connector plug guide posts 303, and the connector plug guide posts 303 are coupled to the connector socket 6 for positioning; 3 Four positioning holes 304 are fixed at the bottom of the box frame structure, and the positioning tapered pins 203 of the battery box fixing base 201 are inserted into these four positioning holes 304 to realize the cooperation between the two.
图4所示,电池箱固定底座201的长边侧视图、短边侧视图,如图中尺寸H1,斜块定位部件202的高度要高于定位锥形销203。在电池箱固定底座201的框架中部固定4个连接器插座,每个连接器插座有两个导孔,用于与连接器插头302的耦合定位。而定位锥形销203的高度要高于连接器插座导孔206的高度,如图中尺寸H2。通过不同高度的设置,在进行三级定位时以此按照从高到底实现精确定位。As shown in FIG. 4, the long side side view and the short side side view of the battery box fixing base 201 are shown as dimension H1 in the figure. The height of the inclined block positioning component 202 is higher than the positioning tapered pin 203. Four connector sockets are fixed in the middle of the frame of the battery box fixing base 201, and each connector socket has two guide holes for coupling and positioning with the connector plug 302. The height of the positioning tapered pin 203 is higher than the height of the connector socket guide hole 206, as shown in the figure as the size H2. Through the setting of different heights, when performing three-level positioning, precise positioning can be achieved from high to bottom.
参照图4所示,连接器插座导孔206设置在支撑件14上,支撑件14的两端分别连接在方形框架的一组对边的中间,即设置在图中所示的长方形框架的一对长边中间。支撑件14可以与长方形框架的一组短边平行。当然在其他实施例中,也可以根据实际情况进行选择设计,并不限于此。4, the connector socket guide hole 206 is provided on the support 14, and the two ends of the support 14 are respectively connected in the middle of a set of opposite sides of the square frame, that is, set on one of the rectangular frames shown in the figure. To the middle of the long side. The support 14 may be parallel to a set of short sides of the rectangular frame. Of course, in other embodiments, selection and design can also be made according to actual conditions, and it is not limited to this.
参照图5、6所示,侧插式锁止机构205和斜块定位部件202连接结构图和 分解图。侧插式锁止机构205包括气缸501、连接机构、气动固定舌505以及斜块定位部件202;锁止连接机构包括压缩弹簧503、连接杆504、紧定螺钉506和弹簧销509。气动固定舌505可在气缸5011的推动作用下在斜块定位部件202中部的锁止孔中插入,从而方便的将换电电池箱3固定在重卡上,而在需要更换换电电池箱3时,通过气缸501拉动气动固定舌505,可以快速的解除换电电池箱3的固定状态,从而实现换电电池箱3的快速更换。压缩弹簧503作为气动固定舌505的动力源为其提供推力。压缩弹簧503套装在连接杆504的外部;而连接杆504的一端与气缸501的推杆相固定连接,另一端通过弹簧销509与气动固定舌505相固定连接;其中,弹簧销509为沿气缸501的推杆的径向可弹性变形的柔性部件,其使气动固定舌505和连接杆504之间构成柔性的浮动连接,从而避免气动固定舌505承受的径冲击力作用在气缸501的推杆上。紧定螺钉506设置在连接杆504上其顶紧于连接杆504和气缸501的推杆的接触部,其顶紧从而防止气缸501和连接杆504之间螺丝出现松动。Referring to Figures 5 and 6, the side-insertion locking mechanism 205 and the oblique block positioning component 202 are connected structure diagrams and exploded diagrams. The side-insertion locking mechanism 205 includes an air cylinder 501, a connecting mechanism, a pneumatic fixing tongue 505 and an oblique block positioning component 202; the locking connecting mechanism includes a compression spring 503, a connecting rod 504, a set screw 506 and a spring pin 509. The pneumatic fixing tongue 505 can be inserted into the locking hole in the middle of the inclined block positioning component 202 under the pushing action of the cylinder 5011, so as to conveniently fix the battery box 3 on the heavy truck, and when the battery box 3 needs to be replaced By pulling the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 by the air cylinder 501, the fixed state of the battery box 3 can be quickly released, so that the battery box 3 can be quickly replaced. The compression spring 503 is used as the power source of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 to provide thrust for it. The compression spring 503 is sleeved on the outside of the connecting rod 504; and one end of the connecting rod 504 is fixedly connected to the push rod of the cylinder 501, and the other end is fixedly connected to the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 through a spring pin 509; wherein, the spring pin 509 is along the cylinder The radially elastically deformable flexible component of the push rod of 501 makes a flexible floating connection between the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 and the connecting rod 504, thereby preventing the radial impact force of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 from acting on the push rod of the cylinder 501 on. The set screw 506 is arranged on the connecting rod 504 and is pressed against the contact part of the connecting rod 504 and the push rod of the cylinder 501, and is tightened to prevent the screw between the cylinder 501 and the connecting rod 504 from loosening.
气动固定舌505的外围套装有导套507,导套507用于对气动固定舌505的径向运动进行导向。滑动套508安装在气动固定舌505与导套507之间,起到减少摩擦力和导向的作用。限位套502起到限制滑动套508位移量的作用。进一步的,在其他实施例中,在斜块定位部件202相较于气动固定舌505的外侧设置有挡板511,该挡板511上开设有与气动固定舌505的销头部位相吻合适配的挡孔,该挡孔可对气动固定舌505及滑动套508有限位作用,同时防止气动固定舌505出现轴向转动。在一些实施例中,气动固定舌505在加工时其主体部位和销头部位的形状、大小可根据实际情况进行设计,但须满足销头部位的外轮廓形状、尺寸略小于主体部位外轮廓形状、尺寸的要求,以配合设置在斜块定位部件202一侧的挡板511来完成对气动固定舌505及滑动套508的限位。挡板、气缸可以通过挡板安装螺钉512、气缸安装螺钉513进行安装。A guide sleeve 507 is sleeved on the periphery of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505, and the guide sleeve 507 is used to guide the radial movement of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505. The sliding sleeve 508 is installed between the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 and the guide sleeve 507 to reduce friction and guide. The limit sleeve 502 functions to limit the displacement of the sliding sleeve 508. Further, in other embodiments, a baffle plate 511 is provided on the outer side of the inclined block positioning component 202 compared to the pneumatic fixing tongue 505, and the baffle plate 511 is provided with a suitable fitting matching the pin position of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505. The retaining hole can limit the position of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 and the sliding sleeve 508, and at the same time prevent the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 from rotating axially. In some embodiments, the shape and size of the body part and pin head part of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 during processing can be designed according to the actual situation, but the outer contour shape and size of the pin head part must be slightly smaller than that of the body part. The contour shape and size requirements are matched with the baffle 511 provided on the side of the inclined block positioning component 202 to complete the restriction of the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 and the sliding sleeve 508. The baffle and cylinder can be installed by baffle mounting screws 512 and cylinder mounting screws 513.
上述侧插式锁止机构205工作时,气缸501开始工作其推杆伸出,推杆施加推力至压缩弹簧503,压缩弹簧503在连接杆504上压缩并将其推力传递至弹簧销509,在弹簧销509的推力作用下,气动固定舌505以及滑动套508在导套507的导向下开始径向运动,即朝向斜块定位部件202上所开设的锁止孔内进行运动,直至气动固定舌505的销头部位伸出于挡板511上的挡孔处,从而完成锁止。而在需要更换换电换电电池箱3时,通过气缸501拉动气动固定舌505,使其从挡 板511的挡孔处离开,从而完成解锁。采用气缸501作为动力源,通过气缸501的推拉来带动气动固定舌505,实现对换电换电换电电池箱3的锁止与解锁,实现快速且方便的换电换电电池箱3安装及更换。When the above-mentioned side-plug locking mechanism 205 works, the cylinder 501 starts to work and its push rod extends. The push rod applies thrust to the compression spring 503. The compression spring 503 compresses on the connecting rod 504 and transmits its thrust to the spring pin 509. Under the thrust of the spring pin 509, the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 and the sliding sleeve 508 begin to move radially under the guidance of the guide sleeve 507, that is, move toward the locking hole opened on the inclined block positioning component 202 until the pneumatic fixing tongue The pin head portion of 505 protrudes from the blocking hole on the baffle 511, thereby completing the locking. When the battery box 3 needs to be replaced, the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 is pulled by the air cylinder 501 to move it away from the blocking hole of the baffle 511 to complete the unlocking. The cylinder 501 is used as the power source, and the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 is driven by the push and pull of the cylinder 501 to realize the locking and unlocking of the battery box 3 for battery exchange, and realize the installation and installation of the battery box 3 quickly and conveniently. replace.
换电电池箱3三级定位锁紧方法,包括:在电池箱固定底座201上设置斜块定位部件202、定位锥形销203、连接器插座导孔206及侧插式锁止机构205;换电换电电池箱3的框架外部轮廓与电池箱固定底座201形状匹配,在换电换电电池箱3的框架底部设置定位孔304、连接器插头导柱303;整个电动重卡换电换电换电电池箱3三级定位锁紧方法包括三级定位,具体的,包括换电换电电池箱3粗定位、换电换电电池箱3精定位、连接器耦合定位,其中:The three-level positioning and locking method for the battery box 3 for battery replacement includes: setting the oblique block positioning component 202, the positioning taper pin 203, the connector socket guide hole 206 and the side plug locking mechanism 205 on the battery box fixing base 201; The external outline of the frame of the battery box 3 for battery replacement is matched with the shape of the battery box fixing base 201. A positioning hole 304 and a connector plug guide post 303 are provided at the bottom of the frame of the battery box for battery replacement. The three-level positioning and locking method of the battery box 3 includes three-level positioning. Specifically, it includes coarse positioning of the battery box 3 for battery replacement, fine positioning of the battery box 3 for battery replacement, and connector coupling positioning. Among them:
第一级定位即换电换电电池箱3粗定位:将换电换电电池箱3框架外部轮廓与电池箱固定底座201的斜块定位部件202定位相配合;The first level of positioning is the rough positioning of the battery box 3 for battery replacement: match the outer contour of the frame of the battery box 3 with the positioning of the inclined block positioning component 202 of the battery box fixed base 201;
第二级定位即换电换电电池箱3精定位:在换电换电电池箱3粗定位后,将换电换电电池箱3的定位孔304与电池箱固定底座201的的定位锥形销203相配合;The second level of positioning is the fine positioning of the battery box 3 for battery replacement: After the battery box 3 is roughly positioned, the positioning hole 304 of the battery box 3 and the positioning cone of the battery box fixing base 201 are aligned. Pin 203 matches;
第三级定位即连接器耦合定位:在换电换电电池箱3精定位后,将换电换电电池箱3的连接器插头导柱303与连接器插座导孔206相配合;The third level of positioning is the connector coupling positioning: after the battery box 3 is accurately positioned, the connector plug guide post 303 of the battery box 3 is matched with the guide hole 206 of the connector socket;
最后,将换电换电电池箱3框架的底部横梁与侧插式锁止机构205相配合锁定。Finally, the bottom crossbeam of the frame of the battery exchange box 3 is locked with the side-insertion locking mechanism 205 in cooperation.
具体的,换电电池箱3三级定位锁紧方法中,定位顺序设计:由于斜块定位部件202的高度要高于定位锥形销203,而定位锥形销203的高度要高于连接器插座导孔206的高度,适当调整连接器插头302和插座的安装高度,定位顺序为斜块定位部件202定位完成后,定位锥形销203才开始进入定位孔304中,定位锥形销203定位完成后,连接器插头导柱303才开始进入连接器插座导孔206。Specifically, in the three-stage positioning and locking method of the battery box 3 for battery replacement, the positioning sequence is designed: because the height of the inclined block positioning component 202 is higher than the positioning tapered pin 203, and the height of the positioning tapered pin 203 is higher than that of the connector For the height of the socket guide hole 206, properly adjust the installation height of the connector plug 302 and the socket. The positioning sequence is that after the positioning of the inclined block positioning component 202 is completed, the positioning taper pin 203 starts to enter the positioning hole 304, and the positioning taper pin 203 is positioned After completion, the connector plug guide post 303 starts to enter the connector socket guide hole 206.
换电换电电池箱3下落的过程中,换电换电电池箱3框架的底部内侧首先接触斜块定位部件202,当换电换电电池箱3底部框架划过斜块定位部件202的斜面,进入垂直面时,完成换电换电电池箱3的初步粗定位,换电换电电池箱3框架底部被限定在6个斜块定位部件202中间。在换电换电电池箱3继续下降的过程中,电池箱固定底座201的定位锥形销203进入换电换电电池箱3底部的定位孔304中,当定位孔304内表面划过定位锥形销203 的锥形斜面,进入垂直面时,完成换电换电电池箱3的精确定位。在换电换电电池箱3继续下降的过程中,连接器插头导柱303进入连接器插座导孔206中,换电换电电池箱3继续下降,完成对插,实现连接器耦合定位。When the battery box 3 is dropped, the bottom inner side of the frame of the battery box 3 first contacts the inclined block positioning part 202, and when the bottom frame of the battery box 3 crosses the inclined surface of the inclined block positioning part 202 When entering the vertical plane, the preliminary rough positioning of the battery replacement box 3 is completed, and the bottom of the frame of the battery replacement box 3 is confined in the middle of the six inclined block positioning components 202. As the battery box 3 continues to descend, the positioning taper pin 203 of the battery box fixing base 201 enters the positioning hole 304 at the bottom of the battery box 3. When the inner surface of the positioning hole 304 crosses the positioning cone When the tapered inclined surface of the shaped pin 203 enters the vertical surface, the accurate positioning of the battery box 3 for battery replacement is completed. When the battery box 3 continues to descend, the connector plug guide post 303 enters the guide hole 206 of the connector socket, and the battery box 3 continues to descend to complete the mating and position the connector.
换电换电电池箱3定位完成后,启动气缸501,将气动固定舌505顶出,气动固定舌505伸出后压在换电换电电池箱3底部横梁301上,通过布置的6个气动固定舌505,将换电换电电池箱3压紧在电池箱固定底座201上,保证装置在行驶过程中换电换电电池箱3的固定可靠性。After the positioning of the battery replacement battery box 3 is completed, the cylinder 501 is activated to push out the pneumatic fixing tongue 505. After the pneumatic fixing tongue 505 is extended, it is pressed on the bottom beam 301 of the battery replacement battery box 3. The fixing tongue 505 presses the battery box 3 for battery replacement on the fixed base 201 of the battery box to ensure the reliability of fixing the battery box 3 for battery replacement during driving of the device.
以上换电电池箱定位锁紧装置的实施例是长方形框架的电池箱固定底座201、6个斜块定位部件202、6个气动固定舌505等具体设置来说明的,在其他实施例中,上述的数量也可以根据实际情况进行调整,并不局限于上述实施例中记载。同时,对于上述的各优选的技术特征,在互相没有冲突的情况下,可以任意组合使用。The above embodiment of the battery box positioning and locking device for battery replacement is illustrated by the specific arrangement of the battery box fixing base 201 of the rectangular frame, the 6 inclined block positioning components 202, and the 6 pneumatic fixing tongues 505. In other embodiments, the above The number of can also be adjusted according to actual conditions, and is not limited to what is described in the foregoing embodiment. At the same time, the above-mentioned preferred technical features can be used in any combination as long as there is no conflict with each other.
本发明上述实施例通过三级定位锁紧,可以实现在通过吊装方式放置电池箱的过程中,在电池箱有较大水平误差的情况下实现准确、可靠地定位,对吊装过程中电池箱的位置要求不高,从而使得电池箱吊装位置控制更为容易,可以更便捷和更简单的实现电池箱换电的吊装定位和定位后的锁紧,尤其适合于换电重卡的电池箱换电,提供了电池箱定位、安装的安全性和可靠性。The above embodiment of the present invention uses three-level positioning and locking, which can realize accurate and reliable positioning when the battery box has a large horizontal error during the process of placing the battery box by hoisting. The location requirements are not high, which makes the battery box hoisting position control easier, and can more conveniently and simply realize the hoisting positioning of the battery box and the locking after the positioning. It is especially suitable for the battery box of the heavy truck to be replaced. Provides the safety and reliability of the positioning and installation of the battery box.
与现有技术相比,本发明具有如下至少一种有益效果:本发明采用换电电池箱定位锁紧装置,通过三级定位,可以实现在通过吊装方式放置电池箱的过程中,在电池箱有较大水平误差的情况下实现准确、可靠地定位,适合于换电重卡的电池箱换电。进一步的,本发明锁止机构通过车载气源驱动气缸推动气动固定舌,可以方便可靠的将换电电池箱固定,在需要更换电池箱时,通过车载气源驱动气缸拉动气动固定舌,可以快速的解除换电电池箱固定状态。Compared with the prior art, the present invention has at least one beneficial effect as follows: the present invention adopts a battery box positioning and locking device for battery replacement. Through three-level positioning, the battery box can be placed in the battery box by hoisting. Accurate and reliable positioning can be achieved under the condition of large horizontal error, which is suitable for battery box replacement of heavy trucks. Further, the locking mechanism of the present invention pushes the pneumatic fixing tongue through the on-board air source drive cylinder, which can conveniently and reliably fix the battery box for battery replacement. When the battery box needs to be replaced, the pneumatic fixing tongue can be quickly pulled by the on-board air source drive cylinder. Release the fixed state of the battery box.
上述实施例附图中,相同的附图标记代表相同的零部件或作用同等的零部件,且描述中使用的“上”、“下”、“前”、“后”、“左”、“右”等类似的术语仅指相对于图形而言,目的是为了方便地描述本实用新型。In the drawings of the above-mentioned embodiments, the same reference numerals represent the same parts or parts with the same function, and "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left" and "in the description" are used in the description. "Right" and other similar terms only refer to the figures, for the purpose of describing the utility model conveniently.
上述实施例所有附图仅仅是为了便于解释说明本实用新型的技术内容;构成最优实施方式所采用的数字、零部件的位置、零部件之间的相互关系以及零部件的尺寸等技术特征不构成对技术方案本身的限定,而应延伸至该技术领域所覆盖的整个领域。All the drawings of the above embodiments are only for the convenience of explaining the technical content of the utility model; the technical features such as the numbers used in the optimal embodiment, the positions of the parts, the relationship between the parts, and the dimensions of the parts are not It constitutes a limitation on the technical solution itself, and should extend to the entire field covered by the technical field.

Claims (8)

  1. 一种可换电移动载重装置,其特征在于,包括:装置车身和换电电池箱定位锁紧装置,A replaceable mobile load-carrying device, which is characterized in that it comprises: a device body and a positioning and locking device for the battery box of the battery;
    所述换电电池箱定位锁紧装置位于所述装置车身上。The positioning and locking device for the battery box for battery replacement is located on the body of the device.
  2. 依据权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,所述换电电池箱定位锁紧装置包括:The device according to claim 1, wherein the positioning and locking device for the battery box for battery replacement comprises:
    斜块定位部件,所述斜块定位部件的斜面向外;Oblique block positioning component, the oblique surface of the oblique block positioning component is outward;
    在所述斜块定位部件上设置有侧插式锁止机构。A side-insertion locking mechanism is provided on the inclined block positioning component.
  3. 依据权利要求2所述的装置,其特征在于,还包括定位锥形销。The device according to claim 2, further comprising a positioning tapered pin.
  4. 依据权利要求2所述的装置,其特征在于,还包括连接器插头导孔。4. The device according to claim 2, further comprising a connector plug guide hole.
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的装置,其特征在于,还包括换电电池箱,所述换电电池箱通过换电电池箱定位锁紧装置固定和锁紧于车身上。The device according to claim 1, further comprising a battery replacement box, which is fixed and locked to the vehicle body by a battery replacement battery box positioning and locking device.
  6. 根据权利要求2所述的装置,其特征在于,所述侧插式锁止机构包括气缸、连接机构、气动固定舌以及锁止主体;其中,所述气缸的推杆顶推端连接所述连接机构的一端,所述连接机构的另一端连接所述气动固定舌,所述锁止主体上开设有与所述气动固定舌的形状、大小相吻合适配的锁止孔,所述气动固定舌在所述气缸的作用下通过所述连接机构顶推插入所述锁止孔之中。The device according to claim 2, wherein the side-insertion locking mechanism includes a cylinder, a connecting mechanism, a pneumatic fixing tongue, and a locking body; wherein the push end of the cylinder is connected to the connecting One end of the mechanism, the other end of the connecting mechanism is connected to the pneumatic fixing tongue, the locking body is provided with a locking hole that matches the shape and size of the pneumatic fixing tongue, and the pneumatic fixing tongue Under the action of the cylinder, the connecting mechanism is pushed into the locking hole.
  7. 根据权利要求2所述的装置,其特征在于,所述连接机构包括压缩弹簧、连接杆、紧定螺钉和弹簧销,其中,所述压缩弹簧向所述气动固定舌提供推力,所述连接杆的一端连接所述气缸的推杆且两者之间通过设置所述紧定螺钉顶紧,所述连接杆的另一端连接所述气动固定舌且通过设置所述弹簧销使两者之间构成浮动连接。The device according to claim 2, wherein the connecting mechanism comprises a compression spring, a connecting rod, a set screw and a spring pin, wherein the compression spring provides a thrust to the pneumatic fixing tongue, and the connecting rod One end of the connecting rod is connected to the push rod of the cylinder and the two is tightened by setting the tightening screw, the other end of the connecting rod is connected to the pneumatic fixing tongue and the spring pin is provided to form a structure between the two Floating connection.
  8. 根据权利要求8所述的装置,其特征在于,所述连接杆于所述气动固定舌的一侧外围套装有导套,在所述气动固定舌和所述导套之间还设置有滑动套;The device according to claim 8, wherein the connecting rod is sleeved with a guide sleeve on one side of the pneumatic fixing tongue, and a sliding sleeve is further provided between the pneumatic fixing tongue and the guide sleeve ;
    所述连接杆上还设置有限制所述滑动套的位移量的限位套;The connecting rod is also provided with a limit sleeve that limits the displacement of the sliding sleeve;
    所述锁止主体的一侧设置有挡板,所述挡板上开设有挡孔,所述挡孔的孔径小于所述锁止孔的孔径,所述挡孔限制所述气动固定舌的周向转动。A baffle plate is provided on one side of the locking body, and a blocking hole is opened on the baffle plate. The hole diameter of the blocking hole is smaller than the hole diameter of the locking hole, and the blocking hole restricts the circumference of the pneumatic fixing tongue. To rotate.
PCT/CN2020/103699 2019-12-25 2020-07-23 Battery-replaceable load-bearing motion apparatus WO2021128826A1 (en)

Priority Applications (8)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201911356236.8A CN111002844A (en) 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Truck with battery replacement and charging functions and power supply method thereof
CN201911359756.4A CN110978982A (en) 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Fixing structure of battery box for replacing heavy truck
CN201911357127.8A CN110920373A (en) 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Three-stage positioning and locking device and method for battery replacing box of electric heavy truck
CN201911357127.8 2019-12-25
CN201911357201.6A CN110920461A (en) 2019-12-25 2019-12-25 Heavily block and trade electric side formula locking mechanism of inserting
CN201911357201.6 2019-12-25
CN201911359756.4 2019-12-25
CN201911356236.8 2019-12-25

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Publication Number Publication Date
WO2021128826A1 true WO2021128826A1 (en) 2021-07-01

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