CN209534787U - A kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking - Google Patents

A kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209534787U
CN209534787U CN201822219764.6U CN201822219764U CN209534787U CN 209534787 U CN209534787 U CN 209534787U CN 201822219764 U CN201822219764 U CN 201822219764U CN 209534787 U CN209534787 U CN 209534787U
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China
Prior art keywords
framework
lift
guiding parts
locking
guiding
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CN201822219764.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
翟刚峰
来瑞俊
唐智翀
李占国
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Shanghai Enneagon Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Shanghai Enneagon Energy Technology Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking, including battery carrier and for the bracket of fixed locking battery carrier, the bracket is fixed on vehicle, the battery carrier includes: framework module, the framework module is one or more layers, every layer of framework module is made of the side framework that bottom is supported and is vertically arranged in the bottom support, and the space for accommodating battery is formed between the bottom support and the side framework, and bottom support lower section is equipped with groove;The guide-localization component being set in the framework module, matches with the groove;The bracket includes stationary body, X to guiding parts, Y-direction guiding parts, guiding locking member and Z-direction retaining mechanism.The utility model can solve the battery altering of New energy electric vehicle, battery capacity there are the problem of, while the installation reliability and stability of battery case can be promoted, it is ensured that stability and safety in use.

Description

A kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking
Technical field
The utility model relates to technical field of new energy, and in particular, to a kind of lifting of energy precise positioning locking Formula battery case.
Background technique
In recent years, new-energy automobile was quickly grown, the electric vehicle by battery as drive energy, nothing in traveling Noxious gas emission pollution, noise is small, and the main problem for influencing electric vehicle development at present is asking for charging batteries of electric automobile Topic is just gradually carrying out the improvement and popularization of Battery Charging Station in new-energy automobile field now.
For the further development and popularization of New energy electric vehicle, in the work of the charging station of existing universal replacement battery On the basis of, it is also necessary to while the problems such as resolve the replacement speed, convenience and battery tankage of battery case, this is to large size Or heavy-duty electric vehicles are especially important.
In addition, New-energy electric vehicle, when replacing battery case, when replacing in particular by lift-on/lift-off type, it is fixed often to exist The problem of position is difficult or positioning accuracy not can guarantee causes battery case replacement speed slow and inconvenient for operation.Meanwhile it replacing Cheng Hou, it is also possible to can there is a problem of that mounting stability is inadequate.New-energy electric vehicle is frequently encountered in the process of moving to be turned It is curved, accelerate and road conditions it is bad the problems such as, vibration can be brought to jolt or impact under steam, not such as battery case mounting stability It is enough, very big influence can be brought on the stability of automobile, in severe cases, can even make battery case that can not work or directly It connects and throws away, so as to cause serious traffic accident.
Based on the above situation, it needs at present to New-energy electric vehicle, especially large-scale or heavy-duty electric vehicles, battery case Mounting stability promoted, it is ensured that stability and safety in use.
Utility model content
For the defects in the prior art, the purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of lift-on/lift-off types of energy precise positioning locking Battery case resolves the mounting stability problem of the replacement speed of battery case, convenience and battery case.
To achieve the above object, the utility model is implemented with the following technical solutions:
A kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking, including battery carrier and for the support of fixed locking battery carrier Frame, the bracket are fixed on vehicle, in which:
The battery carrier includes:
Framework module, the framework module are one or more layers, and every layer of framework module is by bottom support and vertically The side framework composition being set in the bottom support, forms between the bottom support and the side framework and accommodates battery Space, bottom support lower section is equipped with groove;
The guide-localization component being set in the framework module, the guide-localization component are vertically installed in the side In framework, and it is cone, the cone that the guide-localization component, which protrudes from the end shape of the upper end-face edge of the side framework, The shape of body matches with the groove;
The bracket includes:
Stationary body, the stationary body are fixed on the vehicle of installation battery carrier;
X is set on the stationary body to guiding parts, is led for realizing the thick of X-direction when battery carrier lifting To;
Y-direction guiding parts is set on the stationary body, is led for realizing the thick of Y-direction when battery carrier lifting To;
Be oriented to locking member, be set on the stationary body, for realizing the battery carrier lifting when X, Y-direction essence Determine position;
Z-direction retaining mechanism is set on the stationary body, for realizing X, Y, Z after battery carrier lifting in place The locking in direction.
Optionally, when the framework module multilayer, in addition to the framework module of the bottom, other the every layer framework mould Block structure is identical, and framework module described in multilayer is setting up and down, is located below one layer of the framework module and is determined by the guiding Position component and the groove of the framework module positioned at upper one layer quickly position, and the guide-localization component is inserted into the groove simultaneously It is locked and is connected using connector, form multilayer stacking provisions;The framework module bottom of the bottom is equipped with and the bracket The guiding locking member matches the hole of positioning and locking.
Optionally, the bottom support is made of the first rectangle framework and horizontal bars, and the horizontal bars are located at In first rectangle framework, and vertical with the long side of first rectangle framework it connect.
Optionally, the horizontal bars are 1 or more, and the more horizontal bars are along first rectangle framework Long side be uniformly distributed.
Optionally, plane where plane is supported with the bottom where the side framework is orthogonal, and the two shares one Long side.
Optionally, the side framework is made of the second rectangle framework and vertical rod piece, and the vertical rod piece is located at In second rectangle framework, and vertical with the long side of second rectangle framework it connect.
Optionally, where the guide-localization component is located at the side framework in plane, and it is flat with the vertical rod piece Row, the lower end of the guide-localization component are fixed in the long side below second rectangle framework, the guide-localization portion The upper end of part passes through the long side above second rectangle framework and protrudes from the upper end-face edge of the side framework.
Optionally, the framework module, side framework top are provided with buffer part, for framework module stack described in multilayer Buffering when pile.
Optionally, the buffer part is set to the edge of the side framework, and is arranged symmetrically.
Preferably, the outer side edges of the stationary body, the Y-direction guiding parts setting are arranged in guiding parts by the X In the inner side edge of the stationary body, the X is formed between guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding parts and the stationary body The space of fixed battery carrier.
Preferably, the stationary body is a rectangular frame, and the X is arranged to guiding parts in the rectangular frame In two opposite long sides, the Y-direction guiding parts is arranged on two opposite short sides of the rectangular frame, the guiding locking Component is set to the X to guiding part innerside, and has a gap to guiding parts with the X.
Preferably, the X is a cylindrical member to guiding parts, and the upper end of the cylindrical member is equipped with inclined-plane, the inclined-plane face To the inside of the stationary body, the positioning of battery carrier is guided when for lifting.
Preferably, the Y-direction guiding parts is also a cylindrical member, and the upper end of the cylindrical member is equipped with inclined-plane, the inclined-plane Inside towards the stationary body guides the positioning of battery carrier when for lifting.
It is highly preferred that the height of the guiding locking member is less than the X to guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding parts Highly, and the X to the inclined-plane bottom of guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding parts be higher than it is described guiding locking member height.
Preferably, the guiding locking member is a pin shaft, and the upper end of the pin shaft is the conical surface, is used for and battery carrier bottom The taper hole in face cooperates, and completes to be accurately positioned.
Preferably, the Z-direction retaining mechanism includes: lock pin, cylinder and spring, and the lock pin rear end connects the spring, The lock pin front end is connect under cylinder pulling with the respective pin hole on battery carrier;The lower part of the lock pin is equipped with self-locking Face should connect from locking face with the respective pin hole on battery carrier, and prevent lock pin from sliding.
Preferably, the Z-direction retaining mechanism is set to each X to guiding parts side;The X is to guiding parts It is multiple, it is symmetricly set on two opposite side of the stationary body.
Preferably, described device is further provided with connector guide member, and the connector guide member is for making to connect The plug of device can be precisely inserted into socket, avoid damage connector.
Compared with prior art, the utility model have it is following the utility model has the advantages that
The utility model is a kind of modular battery case, passes through matching for groove between framework module and guide-localization component Close, be able to achieve and reliably be located by connecting, while using lifting mode, can fine battery carrier replacement speed, convenience the problem of, Meanwhile according to the number of plies of multilayer stacking provisions, the capacity of replacement battery every time can be greatly improved, to solve New energy electric The battery altering of vehicle, battery capacity there are the problem of, especially to large-scale or heavy-duty electric vehicles, be conducive to New energy electric The popularization and application of vehicle.
When the utility model is suitable for lifting replacement battery carrier, locked by X to guiding parts, Y-direction guiding parts, guiding The multi-guides measure such as component, connector guide member is accurately positioned, to ensure that battery case was installed in lifting Reliability, and locked by Z-direction retaining mechanism, further ensure installation and the various situations in vehicle use process The stability of lower battery case, can substantially reduce the problem of bringing because of battery case, improve the service life of battery.
Detailed description of the invention
Upon reading the detailed description of non-limiting embodiments with reference to the following drawings, other spies of the utility model Sign, objects and advantages will become more apparent upon:
Fig. 1 a, Fig. 1 b are an embodiment of the present invention battery case general structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is an embodiment of the present invention single layer framework modular structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is an embodiment of the present invention multilayer framework module assembled structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention bracket;
Fig. 5 is the battery carrier X, Y-direction locking structure schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
Partial structural diagram when Fig. 6 is the battery carrier Z-direction locking of an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the battery carrier Z-direction locking mechanism structure schematic diagram of an embodiment of the present invention;
In figure: 100 be framework module, and 101 support for bottom, and 102 be side framework, and 103 be groove, and 104 is long for first Square frame, 105 be horizontal bars, and 106 be the second rectangle framework, and 107 be vertical rod piece, and 108 be buffer part;109 be to lead To positioning element, 110 be cone;
200 be stationary body, and 201 is reinforce supporting rod, and 202 be X to guiding parts, and 203 be Y-direction guiding parts, 204 To be oriented to locking member, 205 be Z-direction retaining mechanism, and 206 be connector guide member, and 207 be lock pin, and 208 be cylinder, and 209 are Spring.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in detail combined with specific embodiments below.Following embodiment will be helpful to this field Technical staff further understands the utility model, but does not limit the utility model in any form.It should be pointed out that ability For the those of ordinary skill in domain, without departing from the concept of the premise utility, various modifications and improvements can be made. These are all within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to shown in figure a, Fig. 1 b, for an embodiment knot of the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of the utility model energy precise positioning locking Composition, including battery carrier and for the bracket of fixed locking battery carrier, the bracket is fixed on vehicle.
It is an embodiment of the battery carrier shown in Fig. 1 a, Fig. 1 b referring to shown in Fig. 2, including: framework module 100 With the guide-localization component 109 being set in framework module 100.Framework module shown in Fig. 2 100 is one layer, framework module 100 are made of bottom support 101 and the side framework 102 being vertically arranged in bottom support 101, bottom support 101 and side The space for accommodating battery is formed between surface frame body 102, support 101 lower section in bottom is equipped with groove 103;Guide-localization component 109 hangs down It is directly set in side framework 102, and guide-localization component 109 protrudes from the end shape of the upper end-face edge of side framework 102 For cone 110, shape and the groove 103 of cone 110 match.In the embodiment, bottom support 101 with side framework 102 it Between formed accommodate battery space size can be designed according to actual battery size.Framework module 100 is generally cuboid Shape.Bottom support 101 is also rectangle with side framework 102.Certainly, this is one embodiment of the utility model, In other embodiments, the shape of bottom support 101 and side framework 102, which also can according to need, to be adjusted.
Specifically, as seen from Figure 2, bottom support 101 is by 105 structure of the first rectangle framework 104 and horizontal bars At horizontal bars 105 are located in the first rectangle framework 104, and vertical with the long side of the first rectangle framework 104 connect.Water Flat rod piece 105 is that 1 or more, 1 or more horizontal bars 105 are uniformly distributed along the long side of the first rectangle framework 104. The quantity of horizontal bars 105 can be adjusted according to the size of battery size and weight, can use general steel system At, naturally it is also possible to it is made of the enough materials of other rigidity.
Correspondingly, side framework 102 is made of the second rectangle framework 106 and vertical rod piece 107, vertical rod piece 107 In the second rectangle framework 106, and vertical with the long side of the second rectangle framework 106 it connect.Vertical rod piece 107 is 1 Or more, more vertical rod pieces 107 are uniformly distributed along the short side of the second rectangle framework 106.Vertical rod piece 107 can use General steel are made, naturally it is also possible to are made of the enough materials of other rigidity.
In a preferred embodiment, framework 102 place plane in side supports 101 place planes orthogonal with bottom, and two Person shares a line.Guide-localization component 109 is located at 102 institute of side framework planar, and parallel with vertical rod piece 107, leads It is fixed on to the lower end of positioning element 109 in the long side of second rectangle framework, 106 lower section, the upper end of guide-localization component 109 Long side above the second rectangle framework 106 and the upper end-face edge for protruding from side framework 102.Guide-localization component 109 It is 1 or more, it is symmetrical according to the opposite face progress of cuboid between more guide-localization components 109.
It is another embodiment of the utility model, which has multilayer, in addition to most referring to shown in Fig. 3 Outside bottom, other every layer 100 structure of framework module is identical, and multilayer framework module 100 is arranged above and below setting: being located below one layer Framework module 100 is quickly positioned by guide-localization component 109 and the groove 103 of the framework module 100 positioned at upper one layer, is led Groove 103 is inserted into positioning element 109 and using connector locking connection, formation multilayer stacking provisions.The framework mould of the bottom 100 bottom of block is equipped with the hole that positioning and locking is realized with guiding locking member cooperation on bracket.Preferred embodiment shown in figure, wherein Framework module 100 is generally rectangular shape, and only the cuboid of each framework module 100 does not have upper surface, upper one layer of frame The lower surface of the cuboid of module 100 is the cuboid upper surface of next layer of framework module 100.Connector can be high-strength Bolt is spent, other connectors are also possible to.The number of plies of theoretical upper frame body module 100 can be unrestricted, but in practical application, It needs to be determined according to the actual conditions of electric vehicle, is usually no more than the height of driver's cabin, for example, in one embodiment, Battery case size: 2500*1000*1800mm (L*W*H), battery case weight: 2.5t (wherein battery weight about 2t), for large size Or heavy vehicle (tractor, city mixer truck etc.), framework module 100 can use 6 layers of separation-type and modularized Frame Design, Battery is changed using from vehicle roof integral hoisting when changing battery.
As shown in Figure 2, the upper end shape that guide-localization component 109 protrudes is taper, facilitates multilayer framework module 100 Positioning and connection when stacking, with groove 103.The height of protrusion is set according to the actual situation, guarantees the height one side energy It is convenient to be oriented to by taper, reliable location between upper and lower level can be made, on the other hand further to lock by connector.
In the preferred embodiment of part, 102 top of side framework of framework module 100 is provided with buffer part 108, for more Buffering when layer framework 100 stacking of module.Buffer part 108 can be pasted or be connected using other modes using the material of elasticity 102 top of framework in side.In one embodiment, when framework module 100 is cuboid, buffer part 108 is set to side framework 102 edge, and be arranged symmetrically.
The above-mentioned battery carrier embodiment of the utility model supports in use, battery is put into framework module 100 i.e. bottom 101, in the space between side framework 102, the size of every layer of framework module 100, which can according to need, to be configured, multilayer frame When 100 stacking of module, using lifting mode, pass through the bottom groove 103 and next layer of framework mould of upper one layer of framework module 100 The guide-localization component 109 of block 100 carries out guide-localization, and carries out locking connection by connector, so as to form great Rong The multi-layer cell case of amount.
As shown in figure 4, stationary body 200 shown in this Fig is a rectangular frame, X is arranged to guiding parts 202 In two opposite long sides of rectangular frame, Y-direction guiding parts 203 is arranged on two opposite short sides of rectangular frame, guide lock Tight component 204 is set to X to 202 inside of guiding parts, and has a gap to guiding parts 202 with X.
In a preferred embodiment, the centre of stationary body 200 is equipped with the reinforcement supporting rod 201 for reinforcing support, is used for The intensity for increasing entire stationary body 200 guarantees the stability of entire battery case installation, prevents from being located at consolidating on vehicle in It is inadequate to determine 200 rigidity of main body, improves safety.
In a preferred embodiment, X is arranged in the outer side edges of stationary body 200 to guiding parts 202, and X is to guide part Part 202 is a cylindrical member, and the upper end of cylindrical member is equipped with inclined-plane, inside of the inclined-plane towards stationary body 200, when for lifting Guide the positioning of battery carrier.X to guiding parts 202 be it is multiple, be symmetricly set on two opposite side of stationary body 200.X is to guiding The outer side edges of stationary body 200 are arranged in component 202, the inner side edge of stationary body 200 is arranged in Y-direction guiding parts 203, X to The space of fixed battery carrier is formed between guiding parts 202, Y-direction guiding parts 203 and stationary body 200.
In a preferred embodiment, referring to shown in Fig. 4, X to the cylindrical member of guiding parts 202 be square column, square column The top of shape is inclined-plane, and the angle on inclined-plane can according to need setting, such as less than 45 degree angles of the angle of bevel.Certainly, at it In his embodiment, column is also possible to other shapes, is not limited to rectangular.
In a preferred embodiment, Y-direction guiding parts 203 is also a cylindrical member, and the upper end of cylindrical member is equipped with inclined-plane, should Inside of the inclined-plane towards stationary body 200 guides the positioning of battery carrier when for lifting.Correspondingly, Y-direction is led referring to shown in Fig. 4 It is square column to the cylindrical member of component 203, the top of square column is inclined-plane, and the angle on inclined-plane can according to need setting, Such as less than 45 degree angles of the angle of bevel.Certainly, in other embodiments, column is also possible to other shapes, is not limited to It is rectangular.
In a preferred embodiment, guiding locking member 204 is a pin shaft, and the upper end of pin shaft is the conical surface, is used for and electricity The taper hole of pond frame bottom surface cooperates, and completes to be accurately positioned.The height of guiding locking member 204 is less than X and leads to guiding parts 202, Y-direction To the height of component 203, and X is higher than guiding locking member to the inclined-plane bottom of guiding parts 202, Y-direction guiding parts 203 204 height.Battery carrier so first completes X to, Y-direction guiding, then passes through guiding locking member 204 again when lifting installation It is accurately positioned.
In one embodiment, the conical surface of 200 upper pin of stationary body is corresponding on the battery carrier for the replacement of being lifted Taper hole face cooperate realize battery carrier and stationary body 200 gapless locking;Due to being cone match, avoid because of essence Commonly multiple pin holes cooperate the phenomenon that can not pulling out to degree problem bring;It is not broken that single pin shaft can bear 20 tons of tangential forces, lock Tight intensity is high.Realize X to, Y-direction locking by this kind of structure.
As shown in figure 5, in a preferred embodiment, Z-direction retaining mechanism 205 is set to each X to guiding parts 202 1 Side, for completing Z-direction locking.
As shown in Figure 6,7, in a preferred embodiment, Z-direction retaining mechanism 205 includes: lock pin 207, cylinder 208 and bullet Spring 209,207 rear end connecting spring 209 of lock pin, 207 front end of lock pin connect under the pulling of cylinder 208 with the respective pin hole on battery carrier It connects;The lower part of lock pin 207 is equipped with from locking face, should be connect from locking face with the respective pin hole on battery carrier, prevents lock pin 207 from sliding. This kind of structure can guarantee the reliability entirely locked.
In one embodiment, locking is completed by 4 sets of Z-direction retaining mechanisms 205, realizes Z-direction locking;Vehicle driving mistake Cheng Zhong, single spring force for covering Z-direction retaining mechanism 205 can ensure that vehicle in 50m/s2It is not out of stock under acceleration situation, especially lock Selling lower part is from locking face, and no matter bearing great Z-direction impact force will not all be such that lock pin slides, it is ensured that locking is reliable;It changes logical when electricity Crossing cylinder pulls lock pin to be unlocked, and unlocks simple and reliable;Lockup state and vehicle real-time communication, it is ensured that the traveling of vehicle is pacified Entirely.
As another preferred embodiment, bracket is further provided with connector guide member 206, connector guide member 206 For enabling the plug of connector to be precisely inserted into socket, damage connector is avoided.Connector guide member 206 can be set It is connected in the reinforcement supporting rod 201 among stationary body 200.Its specific location is set according to the plug of connector with socket Meter.
It is one kind of the preferred structure design in the utility model, certainly in other embodiments, each preferred knot above Structure can be used alone, and under the premise of not conflicting mutually, can also be used in any combination, and effect can be more preferable when being applied in combination.
When the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of above-mentioned preferred embodiment lifts installation, battery carrier bottom is equipped with corresponding pin hole, side Face is equipped with the pin conical surface of corresponding lock pin 207, and X leading to, Y-direction is first realized to guiding parts 202, Y-direction guiding parts 203 by X To then by the fine positioning of guiding locking member 204 realization battery carrier and bracket, connector guide member 206 etc. is multiple to be led It is accurately positioned to measure, in a specific application example:
(1) steering capability: navigation designing adapts to parking for any position of the car body in deviation 100mm, and driver is facilitated to stop Vehicle reduces electricity changing robot positioning accuracy, the degree that reduces that the device is complicated, improves and changes electric success rate;
(2) precisely guiding: by Z-direction difference in height realize 4 grades guiding, step by step guiding ensure quick change adapter connector plug and insert Seat can be precisely inserted into, and avoid damage connector;
(3) locking property: by multi-locking, entire connection structure is reliable and secure.
The utility model ensure that the reliability that battery case is installed in lifting, and be locked by Z-direction retaining mechanism, Further ensure installation and in vehicle use process in various situations battery case stability.
Above-described embodiment is simulated in GB/T31467.3 by statics Analysis and is wanted about oscillating component test through analyzing It asks, and carries out a certain amount of amplification (such as following table), sunykatuib analysis is carried out to four kinds of operating conditions, be respectively as follows: vehicle acceleration and deceleration, vehicle urgency Turning, changes electric lifting at road bump;
Title Peak acceleration in standard Analyze the acceleration used Amplification coefficient
Z-direction 1.44g 2g 1.29
Y-direction 1.23g 2g 1.63
X to 0.96g 2g 2.08
Structural analysis: based on the analysis results, if considering the amplification coefficient in analysis, vehicle acceleration and deceleration, vehicle zig zag, road Face jolts, changes the electric safety coefficient lifted under this 4 kinds of operating conditions at 10 times or so, and calculated result shows that Battery case design is strong It is big to spend Safety Redundancy, securely and reliably.
Title Maximum stress Yield stress Fracture strength Elastic safety coefficient Fracture safe coefficient
Z-direction 37.968MPa 235MPa 370MPa 6.189423 9.745048
Y-direction 45.022MPa 235MPa 370MPa 5.21967 8.218204
X to 87.47MPa 235MPa 370MPa 2.686635 4.230022
Lifting 74.527MPa 235MPa 370MPa 3.15322 4.964644
To sum up, the utility model above-described embodiment, in single-store frame battery after the installation is completed, in the form of lifting from down toward Upper carry out stacking, the structure type are easily installed, are easy to maintain, facilitate volume production mold design.The utility model above-described embodiment Battery case use detachable, assemblnig modular frame, pass through groove between framework module and guide-localization component Cooperation, can be realized reliable multilayer stacking provisions, and such structure can greatly improve the capacity of replacement battery every time, adopt simultaneously With lifting mode, can very well the replacement speed, convenience of battery case the problem of.
Meanwhile the battery case of the utility model realizes positioning and locking by multiple measure, the installation that can promote battery case can By property and stability, it is ensured that stability and safety in use can drop significantly especially to large-scale or heavy-duty electric vehicles Low the problem of bringing because of battery case, improve the service life of battery.
Specific embodiment of the utility model is described above.It is to be appreciated that the utility model not office It is limited to above-mentioned particular implementation, those skilled in the art can make various deformations or amendments within the scope of the claims, This has no effect on the substantive content of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking, which is characterized in that including battery carrier and for fixed locking The bracket of battery carrier, the bracket are fixed on vehicle, in which:
The battery carrier includes:
Framework module, the framework module are one or more layers, and every layer of framework module is supported and be vertically arranged by bottom In the side framework composition in the support of the bottom, the sky for accommodating battery is formed between the bottom support and the side framework Between, bottom support lower section is equipped with groove;
The guide-localization component being set in the framework module, the guide-localization component are vertically installed in the side framework On, and it is cone that the guide-localization component, which protrudes from the end shape of the upper end-face edge of the side framework, the cone Shape matches with the groove;
The bracket includes:
Stationary body, the stationary body are fixed on the vehicle of installation battery carrier;
X is set on the stationary body to guiding parts, for realizing the thick guiding of X-direction when battery carrier lifting;
Y-direction guiding parts is set on the stationary body, for realizing the thick guiding of Y-direction when battery carrier lifting;
It is oriented to locking member, is set on the stationary body, is determined for realizing X, the accurate of Y-direction when battery carrier lifting Position;
Z-direction retaining mechanism is set on the stationary body, for realizing X, Y after battery carrier lifting in place, Z-direction Locking.
2. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the framework module When having multilayer, in addition to the framework module of the bottom, other the every layer framework modular structure is identical, framework mould described in multilayer Block is setting up and down, is located below one layer of the framework module and passes through the guide-localization component and the frame positioned at upper one layer The groove of module quickly positions, and the guide-localization component is inserted into the groove and using connector locking connection, is formed more Layer stacking provisions;The framework module bottom of the bottom, which is equipped with, matches positioning with the guiding locking member of the bracket The hole of locking.
3. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the framework module With following one or more features:
The bottom support is made of the first rectangle framework and horizontal bars, and it is long that the horizontal bars are located at described first In square frame, and vertical with the long side of first rectangle framework it connect;
The horizontal bars are 1 or more, and the more horizontal bars are uniform along the long side of first rectangle framework Distribution;
Plane where plane is supported with the bottom where the side framework is orthogonal, and the two shares a long side;
The side framework is made of the second rectangle framework and vertical rod piece, and it is long that the vertical rod piece is located at described second In square frame, and vertical with the long side of second rectangle framework it connect.
4. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the guide-localization Where component is located at the side framework in plane, and it is parallel with the vertical rod piece, and the lower end of the guide-localization component is solid It is scheduled in the long side below second rectangle framework, the upper end of the guide-localization component passes through the second rectangle frame Long side above body and the upper end-face edge for protruding from the side framework.
5. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the framework mould Block, side framework top are provided with buffer part, for the buffering described in multilayer when framework module stacking.
6. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 1-5, which is characterized in that described The outer side edges of the stationary body are arranged in guiding parts by X, and the inside of the stationary body is arranged in the Y-direction guiding parts Side, the X fix the space of battery carrier to being formed between guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding parts and the stationary body.
7. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the stationary body For a rectangular frame, the X is arranged in two opposite long sides of the rectangular frame to guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding Component is arranged on two opposite short sides of the rectangular frame, and the guiding locking member is set to the X to guiding parts Inside, and have a gap to guiding parts with the X.
8. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 1-5, which is characterized in that described Bracket has following one or more features:
The X is a cylindrical member to guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding parts, and the upper end of the cylindrical member is equipped with inclined-plane, should Inside of the inclined-plane towards the stationary body guides the positioning of battery carrier when for lifting;
The height of the guiding locking member is less than height of the X to guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding parts, and the X It is higher than the height of the guiding locking member to the inclined-plane bottom of guiding parts, the Y-direction guiding parts;
It is additionally provided with connector guide member, the connector guide member is for enabling the plug of connector precisely to insert with socket Enter.
9. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 1-5, which is characterized in that described Guiding locking member is a pin shaft, and the upper end of the pin shaft is the conical surface, for cooperating with the taper hole of battery carrier bottom surface, completes essence Determine position.
10. the lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking according to claim 1-5, which is characterized in that institute Stating Z-direction retaining mechanism includes: lock pin, cylinder and spring, and the lock pin rear end connects the spring, and the lock pin front end is described Cylinder is connect under pulling with the respective pin hole on battery carrier;The lower part of the lock pin is equipped with from locking face, should be from locking face and battery carrier On respective pin hole connection, prevent lock pin from sliding.
CN201822219764.6U 2018-12-27 2018-12-27 A kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking Active CN209534787U (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109649214A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-19 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 A kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking
CN111002844A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-14 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 Truck with battery replacement and charging functions and power supply method thereof
CN111806268A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-23 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Automatic charging station system and operation mode
WO2021128826A1 (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-07-01 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 Battery-replaceable load-bearing motion apparatus
CN111002844B (en) * 2019-12-25 2024-04-09 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 Load truck with power exchanging and charging functions and power supply method thereof

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109649214A (en) * 2018-12-27 2019-04-19 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 A kind of lift-on/lift-off type battery case of energy precise positioning locking
CN109649214B (en) * 2018-12-27 2024-02-20 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 Lifting type battery box capable of being accurately positioned and locked
CN111002844A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-14 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 Truck with battery replacement and charging functions and power supply method thereof
WO2021128826A1 (en) * 2019-12-25 2021-07-01 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 Battery-replaceable load-bearing motion apparatus
CN111002844B (en) * 2019-12-25 2024-04-09 上海玖行能源科技有限公司 Load truck with power exchanging and charging functions and power supply method thereof
CN111806268A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-10-23 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Automatic charging station system and operation mode

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