WO2023185131A1 - Unlocking rod, unlocking apparatus, and battery swapping device - Google Patents

Unlocking rod, unlocking apparatus, and battery swapping device Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2023185131A1
WO2023185131A1 PCT/CN2022/141436 CN2022141436W WO2023185131A1 WO 2023185131 A1 WO2023185131 A1 WO 2023185131A1 CN 2022141436 W CN2022141436 W CN 2022141436W WO 2023185131 A1 WO2023185131 A1 WO 2023185131A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
unlocking
lever
rod
battery pack
rod body
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2022/141436
Other languages
French (fr)
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张建平
王莉
仇丹梁
Original Assignee
奥动新能源汽车科技有限公司
上海电巴新能源科技有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 奥动新能源汽车科技有限公司, 上海电巴新能源科技有限公司 filed Critical 奥动新能源汽车科技有限公司
Publication of WO2023185131A1 publication Critical patent/WO2023185131A1/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L53/00Methods of charging batteries, specially adapted for electric vehicles; Charging stations or on-board charging equipment therefor; Exchange of energy storage elements in electric vehicles
    • B60L53/80Exchanging energy storage elements, e.g. removable batteries
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F16ENGINEERING ELEMENTS AND UNITS; GENERAL MEASURES FOR PRODUCING AND MAINTAINING EFFECTIVE FUNCTIONING OF MACHINES OR INSTALLATIONS; THERMAL INSULATION IN GENERAL
    • F16BDEVICES FOR FASTENING OR SECURING CONSTRUCTIONAL ELEMENTS OR MACHINE PARTS TOGETHER, e.g. NAILS, BOLTS, CIRCLIPS, CLAMPS, CLIPS OR WEDGES; JOINTS OR JOINTING
    • F16B1/00Devices for securing together, or preventing relative movement between, constructional elements or machine parts
    • F16B1/02Means for securing elements of mechanisms after operation
    • F16B1/04Means for securing elements of mechanisms after operation disengaged by movement of the actuating member of the element
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors

Definitions

  • This application relates to the technical field of battery swapping, and in particular to an unlocking lever, unlocking device and battery swapping equipment.
  • the technical problem to be solved by this application is to provide an unlocking lever, an unlocking device and a battery swapping device in order to overcome the disadvantage in the prior art that the unlocking device is difficult to unlock and unlock the battery pack in a small space under the chassis of an electric vehicle.
  • the power exchange equipment includes a driving device, and is characterized in that the unlocking lever includes: a convex column part and a rod body part, and the One end of the convex column part is connected to the outer peripheral surface of the rod body part, and the other end of the convex column part extends outward along the radial direction of the rod body part and is used to connect with the driving device, and the driving device is used for The protruding column part is driven to drive the rod body part to move up and down, so that the unlocking rod unlocks and unlocks the unlocking structure of the electric vehicle and the battery pack.
  • the above structural form is adopted, and a protruding column portion is provided on the outer peripheral surface of the rod body.
  • the driving device can drive the rod body to move up and down through the protruding column portion to unlock the battery pack.
  • This structure makes the driving device The arrangement is more flexible, and the extension length of the rod body can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column portion on the rod body, which is beneficial to making the structure of the unlocking device more compact.
  • the number of the protruding column parts is two, and they are correspondingly provided on both sides of the rod body part.
  • the rod body is provided with a through hole, and the protruding column portion is installed through the through hole and extends to both sides of the rod body.
  • the above structural form is adopted, and the rod body and the protruding column are detachable structures, which facilitates the disassembly and installation of the unlocking rod and facilitates the replacement of parts.
  • the end of the protruding column is provided with a detection surface for cooperating with the position sensor detection of the unlocking lever.
  • the above structural form is adopted, and the design of the detection surface is conducive to detecting the position of the protruding column, so as to determine the movement position of the rod body.
  • the end of the rod body facing the battery pack is flat.
  • the end of the rod body facing the battery pack is flat, which is beneficial to prevent the rod body from rotating when the driving device drives the unlocking lever to move up and down.
  • the rod body includes a first rod body and a second rod body, the second rod body is connected to the protruding column part, and the first rod body is provided in the second rod body close to the battery pack.
  • One end, the end of the first rod body away from the second rod body is an arc-shaped surface.
  • the above structural form is adopted, and one end of the unlocking rod that extends into the battery pack is set in an arc shape, which is beneficial to preventing damage to the battery pack when the unlocking rod is inserted into the battery pack to trigger the unlocking connecting rod, and is convenient for protecting the battery pack. internal structure.
  • the first rod body has a tapered structure.
  • the tapered structure design at the end of the first rod body facilitates the insertion of the unlocking rod into the battery pack and allows a certain offset error, thus increasing the accuracy of the insertion of the unlocking rod into the battery pack.
  • the outer surface of the rod body portion has an anti-rotation surface for preventing the rod body portion from rotating.
  • the rod body is installed with left and right limits relative to the horizontal movement direction
  • the driving device includes: a driving part, and an unlocking guide block connected to the thrust output end of the driving part.
  • the unlocking guide block is provided with Unlocking guide groove, the protruding column part slides with the unlocking guide groove.
  • the driving part adopts a split design.
  • the driving part drives the unlocking rod to move through the unlocking guide block.
  • the split design can reduce the accuracy requirements for the installation position between the driving part and the unlocking rod, and reduce its production. cost.
  • the unlocking guide groove is an oblique guide groove extending from the lowest position to the highest position of the unlocking rod, and the oblique guide groove is provided on the side wall of the unlocking guide block parallel to its movement direction.
  • the unlocking guide groove includes a first guide part in the same movement direction as the unlocking guide block and a second guide part parallel to the first guide part and located at the lower end of the first guide part.
  • the guide part and the second guide part ensure that the unlocking guide block can move horizontally and provide horizontal support for the convex part of the unlocking lever to stay.
  • It also includes a third guide part that is inclined downward from the first guide part and communicates with the second guide part. It is ensured that the convex part of the locking rod can move up and down.
  • the unlocking guide block is provided with a cavity that passes up and down, and unlocking guide grooves of the same shape are provided on both side walls of the cavity, and the two protruding column parts are respectively provided in the cavity. into the unlocking guide grooves on both sides of the body.
  • the above structural form is adopted, and the unlocking guide groove in the cavity is symmetrically designed so that when the unlocking guide groove acts on the unlocking rod, the force is more balanced and the movement is smoother.
  • the driving device further includes a fixed vertical guide mechanism, and the rod body part passes through the vertical guide mechanism, so that the unlocking rod can be pushed along the unlocking guide groove by the driving part.
  • the vertical guide mechanism moves up and down.
  • the above-mentioned structural form is adopted and a vertical guide mechanism is provided for guiding the body of the rod, which can ensure that the unlocking rod moves up and down in a predetermined direction to avoid tilting left and right, which is beneficial to aligning the unlocking position and quickly unlocking.
  • the unlocking lever is a torque unlocking lever that applies torque to cooperate with the unlocking and unlocking mechanism to achieve unlocking.
  • the unlocking lever adopts such a structure and unlocking form, which makes it suitable for a variety of unlocking environments.
  • An unlocking device characterized in that the unlocking device includes the above-mentioned unlocking lever.
  • the unlocking device uses the unlocking lever, which not only has a simple structure, but also helps to make the structure of the unlocking device more compact.
  • the unlocking device is provided in a power exchange device or in the battery pack.
  • a power exchange device is characterized in that the power exchange device includes the above-mentioned unlocking device.
  • the power exchange equipment adopts the unlocking device, so that the arrangement of the driving device is more flexible, and the extension length of the rod body can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column part on the rod body, which is conducive to making the unlocking device
  • the structure is more compact.
  • the battery swapping equipment is provided in a battery swapping shuttle, and the battery swapping shuttle also includes a battery pack fixing plate for positioning and moving the battery pack and/or a body fixing plate for electric vehicle positioning.
  • the unlocking device is arranged on the vehicle body fixing plate or the vehicle body fixing plate, so that the unlocking lever can be raised and lowered driven by the driving device to unlock the battery pack of the electric vehicle.
  • the body fixing plate can prevent relative movement between the body and the battery swap shuttle, which is beneficial to the battery swap shuttle to smoothly unlock and unlock the battery pack; the battery pack fixing plate can prevent the battery pack from moving. Relative movement occurs between the electric shuttle and the battery pack, which facilitates the unlocking and unlocking of the battery pack.
  • a battery tray is also installed on the battery pack fixing plate.
  • a waist-shaped hole is provided at the corresponding position between the battery tray and the unlocking lever.
  • the unlocking device is arranged on both sides of the vehicle body fixing plate and is connected with the unlocking device.
  • the escape grooves on both sides of the load plate where the battery pack is positioned correspond to each other, so that the unlocking rod rises to pass through the waist-shaped hole.
  • the above structural form is adopted, and the avoidance groove is provided to prevent the upper battery pack fixing plate from blocking the unlocking lever and interfering with the work of the unlocking lever.
  • the waist-shaped hole is provided to facilitate the penetration of the lever body.
  • a protruding column is provided on the outer circumference of the rod body.
  • the driving device can drive the rod body to move up and down through the protruding column to unlock the battery pack.
  • Such a structure makes the arrangement of the driving device more flexible, and the rod body extends out.
  • the length can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column part on the rod body part, which is beneficial to making the structure of the unlocking device more compact.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery replacement shuttle according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a power exchange device according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 3 is a schematic assembly diagram of the unlocking lever and the unlocking guide block according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the unlocking lever according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the unlocking guide block according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the rod body according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a vehicle body bracket according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the push rod in the battery pack according to the embodiment of the present application.
  • Figure 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery pack according to an embodiment of the present application.
  • Unlocking lever 1 convex column part 11; lever body part 12; first lever body 121; second lever body 122; through hole 13; detection surface 14; anti-rotation surface 15; driving device 2; driving part 21; unlocking guide block 22; unlocking Guide groove 221; cavity 222; vertical guide mechanism 223; unlocking device 3; battery swap shuttle 4; battery pack fixing plate 5; vehicle body fixing plate 6; ejector mechanism 400; locking mechanism 40; jacking seat 41; Install bracket 50.
  • the embodiment of the present application provides a power swapping device, which is used to be installed on the power swapping shuttle 4 to replace the battery pack on the electric vehicle.
  • the power swapping equipment is provided with a driving device 2 and an unlocking device 3.
  • the unlocking lever 1 in the unlocking device 3 can unlock and unlock the battery pack on the electric vehicle.
  • the unlocking lever 1 includes: a protruding column portion 11 and the rod body part 12. One end of the protruding column part 11 is connected to the outer peripheral surface of the rod body part 12. The other end of the protruding column part 11 extends outward along the radial direction of the rod body part 12 and is used to connect with the driving device 2.
  • the driving device 2 is used for The driving protruding column 11 drives the rod body 12 to move up and down, so that the unlocking rod 1 unlocks and unlocks the unlocking structure of the electric vehicle and the battery pack.
  • the unlocking device can be set on the battery replacement device or on the battery pack.
  • the rod body 12 is a cylindrical rod, and a convex column 11 extends from the outer circumferential surface of the rod 12 along the radial direction.
  • the convex column 11 is connected to the driving device 2 and can be driven by driving the driving device 2
  • the rod body 12 moves up and down along the axis.
  • a protruding column portion 11 is provided on the outer peripheral surface of the rod body portion 12.
  • the driving device 2 can drive the rod body portion 12 to move up and down through the protruding column portion 11 to unlock the battery pack.
  • This structure makes the arrangement of the driving device 2 more flexible.
  • the extension length of the rod body 12 can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column portion 11 on the rod body 12, which is beneficial to making the structure of the unlocking device 3 more compact.
  • the protruding column portion 11 and the rod body portion 12 can be of integral design.
  • the protruding column portions 11 are provided symmetrically on both sides of the axial cross-section of the rod body portion 12.
  • the driving device 2 acts on the protruding column portions 11 on both sides at the same time.
  • the number of two protruding column parts 11 is beneficial to ensuring that the left and right forces are evenly received when the rod body part 12 moves upward.
  • the protruding column part 11 drives the rod body part 12, it is conducive to maintaining the linear motion of the rod body part 12. .
  • the rod body 12 is provided with a through hole 13 , and the protruding column portion 11 is installed through the through hole 13 and extends to both sides of the rod body 12 .
  • the protruding column part 11 and the rod body part 12 can also be of split design.
  • the rod body part 12 has a through hole 13 in a direction perpendicular to its axis.
  • the protruding column includes bolts, nuts, and washers. The bolts are installed Two protruding column portions 11 are formed on both sides of the rod body 12 in the through hole 13 .
  • the rod body 12 and the protruding column are detachable structures, which facilitate the disassembly and installation of the unlocking rod 1 and facilitate the replacement of parts.
  • the end of the protruding column is provided with a detection surface 14 for detecting the position of the unlocking lever 1.
  • the protruding column part 11 and the rod body part 12 are rigidly connected.
  • the end surface of the protruding column part 11 away from the rod body part 12 is the detection surface 14.
  • the sensor detects the detection surface 14 and determines that the rod body has been determined. Check whether the movement height of part 12 is in place.
  • the design of the detection surface 14 facilitates detection of the position of the protruding column, so as to determine the movement position of the rod body 12 .
  • the end of the rod body 12 facing the battery pack is flat.
  • a plane parallel to its axial cross-section is designed on the side of the rod body 12.
  • this plane fits with the external structure, so that the rod body 12 can only move in this direction. In-plane motion.
  • the end of the rod body 12 facing the battery pack is flat, which is beneficial to preventing the rod body 12 from rotating when the driving device 2 drives the unlocking lever 1 to move up and down.
  • the rod body 12 includes a first rod body 121 and a second rod body 122.
  • the second rod body 122 is connected to the protruding column portion 11.
  • the first rod body 121 is located at an end of the second rod body 122 close to the battery pack.
  • one end of the first rod body 121 away from the second rod body 122 is an arc-shaped surface.
  • the upper part of the rod body 12 is the first rod body 121, and the top of the first rod body 121 is designed as an arc surface.
  • the lower part of the rod body 12 is the second rod body 122, and the outer surface of the second rod body 122 is along its outer surface.
  • the convex column portion 11 extends to both sides in the radial direction.
  • the end of the unlocking lever 1 that extends into the battery pack is arranged in an arc shape, which is beneficial to preventing damage to the battery pack when the unlocking lever 1 is inserted into the battery pack to trigger the unlocking link, and to protect the internal structure of the battery pack.
  • the first rod body 121 has a tapered structure.
  • the upper end of the first rod body 121 is designed as a tapered structure, and the top of the tapered structure is an arc surface.
  • the tapered structure design at the end of the first rod body 121 allows for a certain offset error when the unlocking rod 1 is inserted into the battery pack, thereby increasing the accuracy of the insertion of the unlocking rod 1 into the battery pack.
  • the outer surface of the rod body part 12 has an anti-rotation surface 15 for preventing the rod body part 12 from rotating.
  • the rod body 12 is a cylindrical rod, and an anti-rotation surface 15 parallel to its axial cross-section is designed on the side of the rod body 12.
  • the anti-rotation surface 15 and The external structures fit together so that the rod body 12 can only move in this plane.
  • An anti-rotation surface 15 is provided on the outside of the rod body 12 to prevent the rod body 12 from rotating when the driving device 2 drives the unlocking lever 1 to move up and down.
  • the driving device 2 includes: a driving part 21, and an unlocking guide block 22 connected to the thrust output end of the driving part 21.
  • the unlocking guide block An unlocking guide groove 221 is provided in 22, and the protruding column portion 11 is in sliding fit with the unlocking guide groove 221.
  • the unlocking guide block 22 and the driving part 21 are arranged horizontally.
  • the rod body 12 of the unlocking lever 1 is vertically installed in the unlocking guide block 22.
  • the unlocking guide block 22 is provided with an unlocking guide groove 221.
  • the unlocking lever 1 The protruding column portion 11 extends into the unlocking guide groove 221 and slides with the unlocking guide groove 221 .
  • the driving part 21 adopts a split design.
  • the driving part 21 drives the unlocking rod 1 to move through the unlocking guide block 22.
  • the split design can reduce the accuracy requirements for the installation position between the driving part 21 and the unlocking rod 1 and reduce its production cost.
  • the unlocking guide groove 221 is a diagonal guide groove extending from the lowest position to the highest position to guide the unlocking rod 1.
  • the oblique guide groove is provided on the side wall of the unlocking guide block 22 parallel to its movement direction.
  • the unlocking guide groove 221 includes a first guide part, a second guide part and a third guide part.
  • the extension direction of the first guide part is the same as the moving direction of the unlocking guide block 22;
  • the second guide part is parallel to the first guide part and is located at the lower end of the first guide part;
  • one end of the third guide part is close to the third guide from the first guide groove
  • One end of the third guide part is connected with a downward slope, and the other end of the third guide part is connected with an end of the second guide part that is close to the third guide part.
  • the unlocking guide groove 221 includes a first guide part in the same moving direction as the unlocking guide block 22 and a second guide part parallel to the first guide part and located at the lower end of the first guide part.
  • the first guide part and the second guide part ensure that It is understood that the unlocking guide block 22 can move horizontally and can provide horizontal support for the convex part of the unlocking lever 1 to stay.
  • It also includes a third guide part that is inclined downward from the first guide part and communicates with the second guide part, ensuring that the convex part of the locking lever 1 can be moved horizontally. The head can move up and down.
  • the unlocking guide block 22 is provided with a cavity 222 that passes up and down.
  • the two side walls of the cavity 222 are provided with unlocking guide grooves 221 of the same shape.
  • the two protruding column portions 11 are respectively provided on In the unlocking guide grooves 221 on both sides of the cavity 222.
  • the unlocking guide block 22 is provided with a cavity 222 that passes up and down.
  • Unlocking guide grooves 221 of the same shape are correspondingly provided on the upper and lower side walls of the cavity 222 facing the battery pack.
  • the unlocking lever 1 The protruding column portions 11 on the upper body extend into the unlocking guide groove 221 along the rod body 12 and are slidably connected with the unlocking guide groove 221.
  • the driving portion 21 drives the unlocking guide block 22 to move
  • the protruding column portions 11 move in the unlocking guide groove. 221 to drive the rod body 12 to move up and down.
  • the unlocking guide groove 221 in the cavity 222 is symmetrically designed so that when the unlocking guide groove 221 acts on the unlocking rod 1, its force is more balanced and the movement is smoother.
  • the driving device 2 also includes a fixed vertical guide mechanism 223.
  • the rod body 12 passes through the vertical guide mechanism 223, so that the unlocked rod 1 can be pushed in the driving part 21 and the unlocked guide groove 221 Under the action, it moves up and down along the vertical guide mechanism 223.
  • the vertical guide mechanism 223 provided for guiding the rod body 12 can ensure that the unlocking rod 1 moves up and down in a predetermined direction to avoid tilting left and right, which is beneficial to aligning the unlocking position and quickly unlocking.
  • the battery swap equipment is provided in the battery swap shuttle 4.
  • the battery swap shuttle 4 also includes a battery pack fixing plate 5 for positioning and moving the battery pack and/or a body for positioning the electric vehicle.
  • the fixing plate 6 and the unlocking device 3 are arranged on the vehicle body fixing plate 6 or the vehicle body fixing plate 6 so that the unlocking lever 1 can be raised and lowered driven by the driving device 2 to unlock the battery pack of the electric vehicle.
  • the battery swap equipment of the battery swap shuttle 4 also includes a body fixing plate 6 and a battery pack fixing plate 5.
  • the battery pack fixing plate 5 is used to connect and position the battery pack.
  • the battery pack The fixing plate 5 is located above the body fixing plate 6.
  • the body fixing plate 6 can prevent relative movement between the body and the battery swap shuttle 4, thereby facilitating the battery swap shuttle 4 to smoothly unlock and unlock the battery pack; the battery pack The fixed plate 5 can prevent relative movement between the battery swap shuttle 4 and the battery pack, thereby facilitating the unlocking and unlocking of the battery pack.
  • a battery tray is also installed on the battery pack fixing plate 5.
  • a waist-shaped hole is provided at the corresponding position between the battery tray and the unlocking lever 1.
  • the unlocking device 3 is arranged on both sides of the vehicle body fixing plate 6 and on both sides of the load-bearing plate positioned with the battery pack. corresponding to the avoidance groove, so that the unlocking rod 1 rises to pass through the waist-shaped hole.
  • the battery pack fixing plate 5 is provided with an escape groove, and the unlocking rod 1 passes through the escape groove and is fixed to the vehicle body fixing plate 6 .
  • a battery tray is also installed on the battery pack fixing plate 5.
  • a waist-shaped hole is provided at the corresponding position between the battery tray and the unlocking lever 1.
  • the unlocking lever 1 is a torque unlocking lever, and the torque unlocking lever applies torque to cooperate with the locking and unlocking mechanism to achieve unlocking.
  • the unlocking rod 1 can be a torque gun.
  • the unlocking mechanism is a threaded lock
  • the unlocking rod 1 drives the external threads on it to move.
  • the unlocking lever 1 adopts such a structure and unlocking form, which is beneficial to making it suitable for a variety of unlocking environments.
  • the unlocking and unlocking process of the battery swap shuttle 4 in this embodiment will be explained below based on the structure of the battery swap car and the battery pack end.
  • a body bracket is connected to the two body longitudinal beams of the electric car at the same time.
  • the body bracket is a frame structure welded by profiles, and each locking mechanism 40 is set on the lower surface of the longitudinal beam of the body bracket, and is used for locking connection with the locking matching mechanism on the battery pack, so that the battery pack Connect or detach from the body bracket to achieve the purpose of replacing the battery.
  • the locking mechanisms 40 are arranged in two rows on the lower surface of the vehicle body bracket to respectively correspond to the two vehicle body longitudinal beams. As shown in FIG. 7 , the hooks at each mounting bracket 50 on the electric vehicle battery pack are used to be inserted into the locking mechanism 40 to achieve locking.
  • the body fixing plate 6 and the battery pack fixing plate 5 move in the first direction, so that the body positioning assembly and the battery pack fixing plate 5 are adjusted to the appropriate position according to the position of the body positioning hole and the position of the battery pack of the vehicle model to be replaced.
  • the battery pack fixing plate 5 is positioned through the positioning piece and drives the mobile battery pack. Since the battery pack fixing plate 5 can be moved and the unlocking lever 1 is located on the battery pack fixing plate 5, the battery pack is
  • the sliding hole is set as a waist-shaped sliding hole, or a sliding hole with a diameter relatively larger than the movement stroke of the battery pack fixing plate 5 during the unlocking process.
  • the unlocking rod 1 can be unlocked by rising.
  • the unlocking rod 1 rises and enters the sliding hole of the battery pack, pushing the ejector rod in the battery pack, so that the ejector rod in the battery pack pushes the locking mechanism 40, and the lock is opened. , push the hook at the mounting bracket 50 on the battery pack into the L-shaped groove of the locking mechanism 40 to achieve locking.
  • the battery pack fixing plate 5 drives the battery pack to move to the inside of the L-shaped groove of the locking mechanism 40.
  • the unlocking lever 1 pushes the locking link, causing the locking link to push the locking mechanism 40.
  • the locking mechanism 40 opens and the battery pack
  • the fixing plate 5 drives the hook at the battery pack installation bracket 50 to move toward the unlocking opening of the L-shaped groove, and withdraws from the locking mechanism 40 to achieve unlocking.
  • the unlocking rod 1 pushes the ejector mechanism 400, the jacking seat 41 of the unlocking rod 1 drives the ejector upward, and lifts the locking link rod of the locking mechanism 40 to unlock, and then Push the hitch at the mounting bracket 50 into the L-shaped groove, and the locking link of the locking mechanism 40 falls to achieve locking.

Abstract

An unlocking rod (1), an unlocking apparatus (3), and a battery swapping device. The unlocking apparatus (3) is applied to a battery swapping device and unlocks a battery pack on an electric vehicle. The battery swapping device comprises a drive device (2). The unlocking rod (1) comprises: a protruding column part (11) and a rod body part (12); one end of the protruding column part (11) is connected to the outer peripheral surface of the rod body part (12), and the other end of the protruding column part (11) extends outwards in the radial direction of the rod body part (12) and is connected to the drive device (2); the drive device (2) is used for driving the protruding column part (11) to drive the rod body part (12) to move up and down, so that the unlocking rod (1) can unlock the locking mechanisms (40) on the electric vehicle. By means of the configuration, the arrangement of the drive device (2) is more flexible, and the extension length of the rod body part (12) can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column part (11) on the rod body part (12), so that the unlocking device (3) is more compact in structure.

Description

解锁杆、解锁装置及换电设备Unlocking lever, unlocking device and battery replacement equipment
本申请要求申请日为2022/4/2的中国专利申请2022207810616的优先权。本申请引用上述中国专利申请的全文。This application claims the priority of Chinese patent application 2022207810616 with a filing date of 2022/4/2. This application cites the full text of the above-mentioned Chinese patent application.
技术领域Technical field
本申请涉换电技术领域,特别涉及一种解锁杆、解锁装置及换电设备。This application relates to the technical field of battery swapping, and in particular to an unlocking lever, unlocking device and battery swapping equipment.
背景技术Background technique
现有的电动汽车的电池包安装方式一般分为固定式和可换式,其中固定式的电池包一般固定在汽车上,充电时直接以汽车作为充电对象。而可换式的电池包,一般采用活动安装的方式,电池包可以随时取下并更换新的电池包。Existing battery pack installation methods for electric vehicles are generally divided into fixed and replaceable types. Fixed battery packs are generally fixed on the car, and the car is directly used as the charging object during charging. Replaceable battery packs generally adopt a movable installation method, and the battery pack can be removed and replaced with a new one at any time.
然而,针对大型车辆而言,例如重卡或轻卡等车型,车体以及载货重量很大,导致大型车辆对电池包的容量需求较高,必须足够大容量的电能才能够支持大型车辆行驶百来公里。在更换新的电池包的过程中,需要使用换电设备对电池包进行加解锁更换,但是大型车辆的电池包提交较大,相比之下电动车辆的底盘较底,其车底的空间,尤其是上下空间不足,一般的换电设备难以进入车底利用其解锁杆对电池包进行加解锁,需要可升降运动的解锁杆,很难保证解锁杆是否运动到位并解锁。However, for large vehicles, such as heavy trucks or light trucks, the vehicle body and cargo weight are very large, resulting in large vehicles having a high demand for battery pack capacity. The electric energy must be large enough to support the driving of large vehicles for hundreds of years. kilometer. In the process of replacing a new battery pack, it is necessary to use battery swapping equipment to unlock and replace the battery pack. However, the battery packs of large vehicles are larger. In comparison, the chassis of electric vehicles is lower, and the space under the car is In particular, there is insufficient upper and lower space. It is difficult for general power-swapping equipment to enter the bottom of the car and use its unlocking lever to unlock the battery pack. It requires an unlocking lever that can be lifted and lowered. It is difficult to ensure that the unlocking lever is in place and unlocked.
发明内容Contents of the invention
本申请要解决的技术问题是为了克服现有技术中解锁装置难以在电动车辆底盘下狭小的空间内对电池包进行加解锁的缺陷,提供解锁杆、解锁装置及换电设备。The technical problem to be solved by this application is to provide an unlocking lever, an unlocking device and a battery swapping device in order to overcome the disadvantage in the prior art that the unlocking device is difficult to unlock and unlock the battery pack in a small space under the chassis of an electric vehicle.
本申请是通过下述技术方案来解决上述技术问题:This application solves the above technical problems through the following technical solutions:
一种解锁杆,其应用于换电设备上并解锁电动车辆上的电池包,所述换电设备包括一驱动装置,其特点在于,所述解锁杆包括:凸柱部和杆体部,所述凸柱部的一端连接于所述杆体部的外周面,所述凸柱部的另一端沿所述杆体部的径向向外延伸并用于与所述驱动装置相连接,所述驱动装置用于驱动所述凸柱部以带动所述杆体部上下移动,以实现所述解锁杆对电动车辆与所述电池包的加解锁结构进行加解锁。An unlocking lever that is used in power exchange equipment and unlocks battery packs on electric vehicles. The power exchange equipment includes a driving device, and is characterized in that the unlocking lever includes: a convex column part and a rod body part, and the One end of the convex column part is connected to the outer peripheral surface of the rod body part, and the other end of the convex column part extends outward along the radial direction of the rod body part and is used to connect with the driving device, and the driving device is used for The protruding column part is driven to drive the rod body part to move up and down, so that the unlocking rod unlocks and unlocks the unlocking structure of the electric vehicle and the battery pack.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,在杆体部的外周面上设置凸柱部,驱动装置可以通过凸柱部来驱动杆体部进行上下移动以对电池包进行解锁,这样的结构使得驱动装置的布置更加灵活,并且杆体部的伸出长度可以根据凸柱部在杆体部上的连接位置进行灵活设计和调整,利于使得解锁装置的结构更加紧凑。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and a protruding column portion is provided on the outer peripheral surface of the rod body. The driving device can drive the rod body to move up and down through the protruding column portion to unlock the battery pack. This structure makes the driving device The arrangement is more flexible, and the extension length of the rod body can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column portion on the rod body, which is beneficial to making the structure of the unlocking device more compact.
较佳地,所述凸柱部为两个,且对应设于所述杆体部的两侧。Preferably, the number of the protruding column parts is two, and they are correspondingly provided on both sides of the rod body part.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,凸柱部设为两个有利于保证杆体部向上运动时左右受力均匀,当凸柱部对杆体部进行驱动时利于使杆体部保持直线运动。In this solution, using the above-mentioned structural form, setting the convex column portion into two is beneficial to ensure that the left and right forces are evenly received when the rod body moves upward. When the convex column portion drives the rod body, it is conducive to keeping the rod body moving in a straight line.
较佳地,所述杆体部上设有通孔,所述凸柱部贯穿安装于所述通孔并向所述杆体部的两侧延伸设置。Preferably, the rod body is provided with a through hole, and the protruding column portion is installed through the through hole and extends to both sides of the rod body.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,杆体部与凸柱为可拆卸结构,便于解锁杆的拆卸及安装,并利于零件的更换。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and the rod body and the protruding column are detachable structures, which facilitates the disassembly and installation of the unlocking rod and facilitates the replacement of parts.
较佳地,所述凸柱的端部设有用于配合所述解锁杆的位置传感器检测的检测面。Preferably, the end of the protruding column is provided with a detection surface for cooperating with the position sensor detection of the unlocking lever.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,检测面的设计利于对凸柱的位置进行检测,以便于确定杆体部的运动位置。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and the design of the detection surface is conducive to detecting the position of the protruding column, so as to determine the movement position of the rod body.
较佳地,所述杆体部朝向所述电池包的端部为平面。Preferably, the end of the rod body facing the battery pack is flat.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,杆体部朝向电池包的端部为平面,利于防止驱动装置驱动解锁杆上下运动时杆体部发生转动。In this solution, using the above structural form, the end of the rod body facing the battery pack is flat, which is beneficial to prevent the rod body from rotating when the driving device drives the unlocking lever to move up and down.
较佳地,所述杆体部包括第一杆体和第二杆体,所述第二杆体与所述凸柱部相连接,所述第一杆体设于所述第二杆体中靠近所述电池包的一端,所述第一杆体中远离所述第二杆体的一端端部为弧形面。Preferably, the rod body includes a first rod body and a second rod body, the second rod body is connected to the protruding column part, and the first rod body is provided in the second rod body close to the battery pack. One end, the end of the first rod body away from the second rod body is an arc-shaped surface.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,解锁杆上伸入电池包的一端端部弧形设置,利于防止解锁杆插入电池包内以便触发解锁连杆时对电池包造成损伤,便于保护电池包的内部结构。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and one end of the unlocking rod that extends into the battery pack is set in an arc shape, which is beneficial to preventing damage to the battery pack when the unlocking rod is inserted into the battery pack to trigger the unlocking connecting rod, and is convenient for protecting the battery pack. internal structure.
较佳地,所述第一杆体为锥形结构。Preferably, the first rod body has a tapered structure.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,第一杆体端部的锥形结构设计方便解锁杆插入电池包时,容许一定的偏移误差,进而增大了解锁杆插入电池包的准确度。In this solution, the above-mentioned structural form is adopted. The tapered structure design at the end of the first rod body facilitates the insertion of the unlocking rod into the battery pack and allows a certain offset error, thus increasing the accuracy of the insertion of the unlocking rod into the battery pack.
较佳地,所述杆体部的外表面具有用于防止所述杆体部转动的防转面。Preferably, the outer surface of the rod body portion has an anti-rotation surface for preventing the rod body portion from rotating.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,在杆体部的外侧设置防转面,利于防止驱动装置驱动解锁杆上下运动时杆体部发生转动。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and an anti-rotation surface is provided on the outside of the rod body, which is beneficial to preventing the rod body from rotating when the driving device drives the unlocking lever to move up and down.
较佳地,所述杆体部为相对于水平移动方向左右限位安装的,所述驱动装置包括:驱动部、与驱动部的推力输出端连接的解锁导向块,所述解锁导向块中设置有解锁导向槽,所述凸柱部与所述解锁导向槽滑动配合。Preferably, the rod body is installed with left and right limits relative to the horizontal movement direction, and the driving device includes: a driving part, and an unlocking guide block connected to the thrust output end of the driving part. The unlocking guide block is provided with Unlocking guide groove, the protruding column part slides with the unlocking guide groove.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,驱动部采用分体式设计,驱动部通过解锁导向块驱动解锁杆运动,分体式设计可以降低驱动部和解锁杆之间对安装位置的精度要求,降低其生产成本。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and the driving part adopts a split design. The driving part drives the unlocking rod to move through the unlocking guide block. The split design can reduce the accuracy requirements for the installation position between the driving part and the unlocking rod, and reduce its production. cost.
较佳地,所述解锁导向槽为导向所述解锁杆由最低位至最高位延伸的斜线导向槽,所述斜线导向槽设于所述解锁导向块平行于其移动方向的侧壁。Preferably, the unlocking guide groove is an oblique guide groove extending from the lowest position to the highest position of the unlocking rod, and the oblique guide groove is provided on the side wall of the unlocking guide block parallel to its movement direction.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,解锁导向槽包括与解锁导向块的移动方向相同的第一导向部和平行于第一导向部并位于第一导向部的下端的第二导向部,第一导向部和第二导向部保证了解锁导向块能够水平移动并能够为解锁杆的凸部的停留提供水平支撑,还包括由第一导向部向下倾斜连通第二导向部的第三导向部,保证了锁杆的凸部能够上下移动。In this solution, using the above structural form, the unlocking guide groove includes a first guide part in the same movement direction as the unlocking guide block and a second guide part parallel to the first guide part and located at the lower end of the first guide part. The guide part and the second guide part ensure that the unlocking guide block can move horizontally and provide horizontal support for the convex part of the unlocking lever to stay. It also includes a third guide part that is inclined downward from the first guide part and communicates with the second guide part. It is ensured that the convex part of the locking rod can move up and down.
较佳地,所述解锁导向块内设置有上下贯通的腔体,所述腔体的两侧壁上设置有相同形状的解锁导向槽,两个所述凸柱部为分别设置在所述腔体的两侧壁的所述解锁导向槽内。Preferably, the unlocking guide block is provided with a cavity that passes up and down, and unlocking guide grooves of the same shape are provided on both side walls of the cavity, and the two protruding column parts are respectively provided in the cavity. into the unlocking guide grooves on both sides of the body.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,腔体内解锁导向槽进行对称式设计使得解锁导向槽作用于解锁杆时,其受力更加均衡,运动更加平稳。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and the unlocking guide groove in the cavity is symmetrically designed so that when the unlocking guide groove acts on the unlocking rod, the force is more balanced and the movement is smoother.
较佳地,所述驱动装置还包括固定的竖直导向机构,所述杆体部穿过所述竖直导向机构,使所述解锁杆能够在驱动部推动和所述解锁导向槽作用下,沿所述竖直导向机构上下移动。Preferably, the driving device further includes a fixed vertical guide mechanism, and the rod body part passes through the vertical guide mechanism, so that the unlocking rod can be pushed along the unlocking guide groove by the driving part. The vertical guide mechanism moves up and down.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,设置用于导向杆体部的竖直导向机构,能够保证解锁杆沿预定方向上下移动,避免左右倾斜,进而有利于对准解锁位置,快速实现解锁。In this solution, the above-mentioned structural form is adopted and a vertical guide mechanism is provided for guiding the body of the rod, which can ensure that the unlocking rod moves up and down in a predetermined direction to avoid tilting left and right, which is beneficial to aligning the unlocking position and quickly unlocking.
较佳地,所述解锁杆为扭矩解锁杆,所述扭矩解锁杆施加扭矩以与加解锁机构配合以实现解锁。Preferably, the unlocking lever is a torque unlocking lever that applies torque to cooperate with the unlocking and unlocking mechanism to achieve unlocking.
在本方案中,解锁杆采用这样的结构和解锁形式,利于使其适用于多种解锁环境。In this solution, the unlocking lever adopts such a structure and unlocking form, which makes it suitable for a variety of unlocking environments.
一种解锁装置,其特点在于,所述解锁装置包括上述所述的解锁杆。An unlocking device, characterized in that the unlocking device includes the above-mentioned unlocking lever.
在本方案中,解锁装置采用该解锁杆,不仅结构简单,同时利于使得解锁装置的结构更加紧凑。In this solution, the unlocking device uses the unlocking lever, which not only has a simple structure, but also helps to make the structure of the unlocking device more compact.
较佳地,所述解锁装置设置在换电装置或设置在所述电池包。Preferably, the unlocking device is provided in a power exchange device or in the battery pack.
一种换电设备,其特点在于,所述换电设备包括上述所述的解锁装置。A power exchange device is characterized in that the power exchange device includes the above-mentioned unlocking device.
在本方案中,换电设备采用该解锁装置,得驱动装置的布置更加灵活,并且杆体部的伸出长度可以根据凸柱部在杆体部上的连接位置进行灵活设计和调整,利于使得解锁装置的结构更加紧凑。In this solution, the power exchange equipment adopts the unlocking device, so that the arrangement of the driving device is more flexible, and the extension length of the rod body can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column part on the rod body, which is conducive to making the unlocking device The structure is more compact.
较佳地,所述换电设备设置于换电穿梭车,所述换电穿梭车还包括用于所述电池包定位和移动的电池包固定板和/或用于电动车辆定位的车身固定板,所述解锁装置设置在所述车身固定板或所述车身固定板,使所述解锁杆 在所述驱动装置带动下升降以对电动车辆的所述电池包加解锁。Preferably, the battery swapping equipment is provided in a battery swapping shuttle, and the battery swapping shuttle also includes a battery pack fixing plate for positioning and moving the battery pack and/or a body fixing plate for electric vehicle positioning. , the unlocking device is arranged on the vehicle body fixing plate or the vehicle body fixing plate, so that the unlocking lever can be raised and lowered driven by the driving device to unlock the battery pack of the electric vehicle.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,车身固定板能够防止车身与换电穿梭车之间产生相对移动,从而有利于换电穿梭车顺利实现对电池包的加解锁;电池包固定板能够防止换电穿梭车和电池包之间产生相对移动,从而有利于对电池包的加解锁。In this solution, using the above structural form, the body fixing plate can prevent relative movement between the body and the battery swap shuttle, which is beneficial to the battery swap shuttle to smoothly unlock and unlock the battery pack; the battery pack fixing plate can prevent the battery pack from moving. Relative movement occurs between the electric shuttle and the battery pack, which facilitates the unlocking and unlocking of the battery pack.
较佳地,所述电池包固定板上还安装有电池托盘,所述电池托盘与所述解锁杆的对应处设置有腰型孔,所述解锁装置设置在所述车身固定板两侧且与所述电池包定位的承载板两侧的避让槽对应,使所述解锁杆上升以穿过所述腰型孔。Preferably, a battery tray is also installed on the battery pack fixing plate. A waist-shaped hole is provided at the corresponding position between the battery tray and the unlocking lever. The unlocking device is arranged on both sides of the vehicle body fixing plate and is connected with the unlocking device. The escape grooves on both sides of the load plate where the battery pack is positioned correspond to each other, so that the unlocking rod rises to pass through the waist-shaped hole.
在本方案中,采用上述结构形式,开设避让槽能够防止上层的电池包固定板对解锁杆造成遮挡,避免干涉解锁杆的工作,开设腰型孔利于杆体部穿出。In this solution, the above structural form is adopted, and the avoidance groove is provided to prevent the upper battery pack fixing plate from blocking the unlocking lever and interfering with the work of the unlocking lever. The waist-shaped hole is provided to facilitate the penetration of the lever body.
在符合本领域常识的基础上,上述各优选条件,可任意组合,即得本申请各较佳实例。On the basis of common sense in the field, the above preferred conditions can be combined arbitrarily to obtain preferred examples of the present application.
本申请的积极进步效果在于:The positive progressive effects of this application are:
在杆体部的外周面上设置凸柱部,驱动装置可以通过凸柱部来驱动杆体部进行上下移动以对电池包进行解锁,这样的结构使得驱动装置的布置更加灵活,并且杆体部的伸出长度可以根据凸柱部在杆体部上的连接位置进行灵活设计和调整,利于使得解锁装置的结构更加紧凑。A protruding column is provided on the outer circumference of the rod body. The driving device can drive the rod body to move up and down through the protruding column to unlock the battery pack. Such a structure makes the arrangement of the driving device more flexible, and the rod body extends out. The length can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column part on the rod body part, which is beneficial to making the structure of the unlocking device more compact.
附图说明Description of drawings
图1为本申请实施例的换电穿梭车的结构示意图。Figure 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery replacement shuttle according to an embodiment of the present application.
图2为本申请实施例的换电设备的结构示意图。Figure 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a power exchange device according to an embodiment of the present application.
图3为本申请实施例的解锁杆与解锁导向块的装配示意图。Figure 3 is a schematic assembly diagram of the unlocking lever and the unlocking guide block according to the embodiment of the present application.
图4为本申请实施例的解锁杆的结构示意图。Figure 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the unlocking lever according to the embodiment of the present application.
图5为本申请实施例的解锁导向块的结构示意图。Figure 5 is a schematic structural diagram of the unlocking guide block according to the embodiment of the present application.
图6为本申请实施例的杆体部的结构示意图。Figure 6 is a schematic structural diagram of the rod body according to the embodiment of the present application.
图7为本申请实施例的车身支架的结构示意图。Figure 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a vehicle body bracket according to an embodiment of the present application.
图8为本申请实施例的电池包内顶杆的结构示意图。Figure 8 is a schematic structural diagram of the push rod in the battery pack according to the embodiment of the present application.
图9为本申请实施例的电池包的结构示意图。Figure 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a battery pack according to an embodiment of the present application.
附图标记说明:Explanation of reference symbols:
解锁杆1;凸柱部11;杆体部12;第一杆体121;第二杆体122;通孔13;检测面14;防转面15;驱动装置2;驱动部21;解锁导向块22;解锁导向槽221;腔体222;竖直导向机构223;解锁装置3;换电穿梭车4;电池包固定板5;车身固定板6;顶杆机构400;锁止机构40;顶起座41;安装支架50。Unlocking lever 1; convex column part 11; lever body part 12; first lever body 121; second lever body 122; through hole 13; detection surface 14; anti-rotation surface 15; driving device 2; driving part 21; unlocking guide block 22; unlocking Guide groove 221; cavity 222; vertical guide mechanism 223; unlocking device 3; battery swap shuttle 4; battery pack fixing plate 5; vehicle body fixing plate 6; ejector mechanism 400; locking mechanism 40; jacking seat 41; Install bracket 50.
具体实施方式Detailed ways
下面通过实施例的方式并结合附图来更清楚完整地说明本申请,但并不因此将本申请限制在的实施例范围之中。The present application will be more clearly and completely described below by way of examples and in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, but this application will not be limited to the scope of the embodiments.
本申请实施例提供一种换电设备,用于设置在换电穿梭车4上,以实现对电动车辆上的电池包进行更换。该换电设备上设有驱动装置2和解锁装置3,解锁装置3中的解锁杆1能够加解锁电动车辆上的电池包,如图1-6所示,解锁杆1包括:凸柱部11和杆体部12,凸柱部11的一端连接于杆体部12的外周面,凸柱部11的另一端沿杆体部12的径向向外延伸并用于与驱动装置2相连接,驱动装置2用于驱动凸柱部11以带动杆体部12上下移动,以实现解锁杆1对电动车辆与电池包的加解锁结构进行加解锁。解锁装置可以设置在换电装置或设置在电池包上。The embodiment of the present application provides a power swapping device, which is used to be installed on the power swapping shuttle 4 to replace the battery pack on the electric vehicle. The power swapping equipment is provided with a driving device 2 and an unlocking device 3. The unlocking lever 1 in the unlocking device 3 can unlock and unlock the battery pack on the electric vehicle. As shown in Figure 1-6, the unlocking lever 1 includes: a protruding column portion 11 and the rod body part 12. One end of the protruding column part 11 is connected to the outer peripheral surface of the rod body part 12. The other end of the protruding column part 11 extends outward along the radial direction of the rod body part 12 and is used to connect with the driving device 2. The driving device 2 is used for The driving protruding column 11 drives the rod body 12 to move up and down, so that the unlocking rod 1 unlocks and unlocks the unlocking structure of the electric vehicle and the battery pack. The unlocking device can be set on the battery replacement device or on the battery pack.
本实施例中,杆体部12为柱状杆件,杆体部12的外周面沿径向方向延伸出凸柱部11,凸柱部11与驱动装置2相连接,并可以通过驱动驱动装置2来带动杆体部12沿轴线上下移动,当杆体部12向上运动并作用于电池包或电动车辆上的锁止机构40时,能够快速实现对电池包进行解锁。在杆体 部12的外周面上设置凸柱部11,驱动装置2可以通过凸柱部11来驱动杆体部12进行上下移动以对电池包进行解锁,这样的结构使得驱动装置2的布置更加灵活,并且杆体部12的伸出长度可以根据凸柱部11在杆体部12上的连接位置进行灵活设计和调整,利于使得解锁装置3的结构更加紧凑。In this embodiment, the rod body 12 is a cylindrical rod, and a convex column 11 extends from the outer circumferential surface of the rod 12 along the radial direction. The convex column 11 is connected to the driving device 2 and can be driven by driving the driving device 2 The rod body 12 moves up and down along the axis. When the rod body 12 moves upward and acts on the locking mechanism 40 on the battery pack or the electric vehicle, the battery pack can be unlocked quickly. A protruding column portion 11 is provided on the outer peripheral surface of the rod body portion 12. The driving device 2 can drive the rod body portion 12 to move up and down through the protruding column portion 11 to unlock the battery pack. This structure makes the arrangement of the driving device 2 more flexible. Moreover, the extension length of the rod body 12 can be flexibly designed and adjusted according to the connection position of the protruding column portion 11 on the rod body 12, which is beneficial to making the structure of the unlocking device 3 more compact.
其中,凸柱部11为两个,且对应设于杆体部12的两侧。There are two protruding column parts 11 , and they are correspondingly provided on both sides of the rod body part 12 .
本实施例中,凸柱部11和杆体部12可以为整体式设计,关于杆体部12轴向截面的两侧对称设有凸柱部11,驱动装置2同时作用于两侧的凸柱部11以带动杆体部12上运动,凸柱部11设为两个有利于保证杆体部12向上运动时左右受力均匀,当凸柱部11对杆体部12进行驱动时利于使杆体部12保持直线运动。In this embodiment, the protruding column portion 11 and the rod body portion 12 can be of integral design. The protruding column portions 11 are provided symmetrically on both sides of the axial cross-section of the rod body portion 12. The driving device 2 acts on the protruding column portions 11 on both sides at the same time. In order to drive the rod body 12 to move upward, the number of two protruding column parts 11 is beneficial to ensuring that the left and right forces are evenly received when the rod body part 12 moves upward. When the protruding column part 11 drives the rod body part 12, it is conducive to maintaining the linear motion of the rod body part 12. .
另外,如图1-6所示,杆体部12上设有通孔13,凸柱部11贯穿安装于通孔13并向杆体部12的两侧延伸设置。In addition, as shown in FIGS. 1-6 , the rod body 12 is provided with a through hole 13 , and the protruding column portion 11 is installed through the through hole 13 and extends to both sides of the rod body 12 .
本实施例中,凸柱部11和杆体部12也可以为分体式设计,在杆体部12上垂直于其轴线的方向开有通孔13,其中凸柱包括螺栓、螺母、垫片,螺栓安装于该通孔13内,以在杆体部12的两侧形成两个凸柱部11。杆体部12与凸柱为可拆卸结构,便于解锁杆1的拆卸及安装,并利于零件的更换。In this embodiment, the protruding column part 11 and the rod body part 12 can also be of split design. The rod body part 12 has a through hole 13 in a direction perpendicular to its axis. The protruding column includes bolts, nuts, and washers. The bolts are installed Two protruding column portions 11 are formed on both sides of the rod body 12 in the through hole 13 . The rod body 12 and the protruding column are detachable structures, which facilitate the disassembly and installation of the unlocking rod 1 and facilitate the replacement of parts.
如图1-6所示,凸柱的端部设有用于配合解锁杆1的位置传感器检测的检测面14。As shown in Figures 1-6, the end of the protruding column is provided with a detection surface 14 for detecting the position of the unlocking lever 1.
本实施例中,凸柱部11与杆体部12为刚性连接,凸柱部11上远离杆体部12的一侧端面为检测面14,解锁杆1运动之后传感器通过检测该检测面14已确定杆体部12的运动高度是否到位。检测面14的设计利于对凸柱的位置进行检测,以便于确定杆体部12的运动位置。In this embodiment, the protruding column part 11 and the rod body part 12 are rigidly connected. The end surface of the protruding column part 11 away from the rod body part 12 is the detection surface 14. After the unlocking rod 1 moves, the sensor detects the detection surface 14 and determines that the rod body has been determined. Check whether the movement height of part 12 is in place. The design of the detection surface 14 facilitates detection of the position of the protruding column, so as to determine the movement position of the rod body 12 .
如图1-6所示,杆体部12朝向电池包的端部为平面。As shown in Figures 1-6, the end of the rod body 12 facing the battery pack is flat.
在本实施例中,在杆体部12侧面设计有平行于其轴向截面平面,当驱动装置2驱动杆体部12上下运动时,该平面与外部结构相贴合,使得杆体部12只能够在该平面内运动。杆体部12朝向电池包的端部为平面,利于防 止驱动装置2驱动解锁杆1上下运动时杆体部12发生转动。In this embodiment, a plane parallel to its axial cross-section is designed on the side of the rod body 12. When the driving device 2 drives the rod body 12 to move up and down, this plane fits with the external structure, so that the rod body 12 can only move in this direction. In-plane motion. The end of the rod body 12 facing the battery pack is flat, which is beneficial to preventing the rod body 12 from rotating when the driving device 2 drives the unlocking lever 1 to move up and down.
如图1-6所示,杆体部12包括第一杆体121和第二杆体122,第二杆体122与凸柱部11相连接,第一杆体121设于第二杆体122中靠近电池包的一端,第一杆体121中远离第二杆体122的一端端部为弧形面。As shown in Figures 1-6, the rod body 12 includes a first rod body 121 and a second rod body 122. The second rod body 122 is connected to the protruding column portion 11. The first rod body 121 is located at an end of the second rod body 122 close to the battery pack. , one end of the first rod body 121 away from the second rod body 122 is an arc-shaped surface.
在本实施例中,杆体部12上面一部分为第一杆体121,并且第一杆体121的顶部设计为弧形面,杆体部12下面一部分为第二杆体122,第二杆体122的外侧面沿其径向方向向两侧延伸出凸柱部11。解锁杆1上伸入电池包的一端端部弧形设置,利于防止解锁杆1插入电池包内以便触发解锁连杆时对电池包造成损伤,便于保护电池包的内部结构。In this embodiment, the upper part of the rod body 12 is the first rod body 121, and the top of the first rod body 121 is designed as an arc surface. The lower part of the rod body 12 is the second rod body 122, and the outer surface of the second rod body 122 is along its outer surface. The convex column portion 11 extends to both sides in the radial direction. The end of the unlocking lever 1 that extends into the battery pack is arranged in an arc shape, which is beneficial to preventing damage to the battery pack when the unlocking lever 1 is inserted into the battery pack to trigger the unlocking link, and to protect the internal structure of the battery pack.
其中,第一杆体121为锥形结构。Among them, the first rod body 121 has a tapered structure.
在本实施例中,第一杆体121的上端设计为锥形结构,同时,锥形结构的顶部为弧形面。第一杆体121端部的锥形结构设计方便解锁杆1插入电池包时,容许一定的偏移误差,进而增大了解锁杆1插入电池包的准确度。In this embodiment, the upper end of the first rod body 121 is designed as a tapered structure, and the top of the tapered structure is an arc surface. The tapered structure design at the end of the first rod body 121 allows for a certain offset error when the unlocking rod 1 is inserted into the battery pack, thereby increasing the accuracy of the insertion of the unlocking rod 1 into the battery pack.
同时,如图1-6所示,杆体部12的外表面具有用于防止杆体部12转动的防转面15。At the same time, as shown in FIGS. 1-6 , the outer surface of the rod body part 12 has an anti-rotation surface 15 for preventing the rod body part 12 from rotating.
本实施例中,杆体部12为圆柱形杆件,在杆体部12侧面设计有平行于其轴向截面的防转面15,当驱动装置2驱动杆体部12上下运动时,防转面15与外部结构相贴合,使得杆体部12只能够在该平面内运动。在杆体部12的外侧设置防转面15,利于防止驱动装置2驱动解锁杆1上下运动时杆体部12发生转动。In this embodiment, the rod body 12 is a cylindrical rod, and an anti-rotation surface 15 parallel to its axial cross-section is designed on the side of the rod body 12. When the driving device 2 drives the rod body 12 to move up and down, the anti-rotation surface 15 and The external structures fit together so that the rod body 12 can only move in this plane. An anti-rotation surface 15 is provided on the outside of the rod body 12 to prevent the rod body 12 from rotating when the driving device 2 drives the unlocking lever 1 to move up and down.
如图1-6所示,杆体部12为相对于水平移动方向左右限位安装的,驱动装置2包括:驱动部21、与驱动部21的推力输出端连接的解锁导向块22,解锁导向块22中设置有解锁导向槽221,凸柱部11与解锁导向槽221滑动配合。As shown in Figure 1-6, the rod body 12 is installed with left and right limits relative to the horizontal movement direction. The driving device 2 includes: a driving part 21, and an unlocking guide block 22 connected to the thrust output end of the driving part 21. The unlocking guide block An unlocking guide groove 221 is provided in 22, and the protruding column portion 11 is in sliding fit with the unlocking guide groove 221.
在本实施例中,解锁导向块22和驱动部21水平设置,在解锁导向块22内竖直安装有解锁杆1的杆体部12,解锁导向块22上设有解锁导向槽221, 解锁杆1的凸柱部11延伸入解锁导向槽221与解锁导向槽221滑动配合。驱动部21采用分体式设计,驱动部21通过解锁导向块22驱动解锁杆1运动,分体式设计可以降低驱动部21和解锁杆1之间对安装位置的精度要求,降低其生产成本。In this embodiment, the unlocking guide block 22 and the driving part 21 are arranged horizontally. The rod body 12 of the unlocking lever 1 is vertically installed in the unlocking guide block 22. The unlocking guide block 22 is provided with an unlocking guide groove 221. The unlocking lever 1 The protruding column portion 11 extends into the unlocking guide groove 221 and slides with the unlocking guide groove 221 . The driving part 21 adopts a split design. The driving part 21 drives the unlocking rod 1 to move through the unlocking guide block 22. The split design can reduce the accuracy requirements for the installation position between the driving part 21 and the unlocking rod 1 and reduce its production cost.
如图1-6所示,解锁导向槽221为导向解锁杆1由最低位至最高位延伸的斜线导向槽,斜线导向槽设于解锁导向块22平行于其移动方向的侧壁。As shown in Figures 1-6, the unlocking guide groove 221 is a diagonal guide groove extending from the lowest position to the highest position to guide the unlocking rod 1. The oblique guide groove is provided on the side wall of the unlocking guide block 22 parallel to its movement direction.
在本方实施例中,解锁导向槽221包括第一导向部、第二导向部和第三导向部。第一导向部的延伸方向与解锁导向块22的移动方向相同;第二导向部平行于第一导向部并位于第一导向部的下端;第三导向部一端自第一导向槽靠近第三导向部的一端向下倾斜连通,第三导向部的另一端与第二导向部靠向第三导向部的一端相连通。驱动部21驱动解锁导向块22沿远离驱动部21的水平方向移动时,解锁导向块22驱动杆体部12向上运动,以实现解锁杆1对电动车辆上的锁止机构40进行解锁。解锁导向槽221包括与解锁导向块22的移动方向相同的第一导向部和平行于第一导向部并位于第一导向部的下端的第二导向部,第一导向部和第二导向部保证了解锁导向块22能够水平移动并能够为解锁杆1的凸部的停留提供水平支撑,还包括由第一导向部向下倾斜连通第二导向部的第三导向部,保证了锁杆的凸部能够上下移动。In this embodiment, the unlocking guide groove 221 includes a first guide part, a second guide part and a third guide part. The extension direction of the first guide part is the same as the moving direction of the unlocking guide block 22; the second guide part is parallel to the first guide part and is located at the lower end of the first guide part; one end of the third guide part is close to the third guide from the first guide groove One end of the third guide part is connected with a downward slope, and the other end of the third guide part is connected with an end of the second guide part that is close to the third guide part. When the driving part 21 drives the unlocking guide block 22 to move in the horizontal direction away from the driving part 21, the unlocking guide block 22 drives the rod body 12 to move upward, so that the unlocking rod 1 unlocks the locking mechanism 40 on the electric vehicle. The unlocking guide groove 221 includes a first guide part in the same moving direction as the unlocking guide block 22 and a second guide part parallel to the first guide part and located at the lower end of the first guide part. The first guide part and the second guide part ensure that It is understood that the unlocking guide block 22 can move horizontally and can provide horizontal support for the convex part of the unlocking lever 1 to stay. It also includes a third guide part that is inclined downward from the first guide part and communicates with the second guide part, ensuring that the convex part of the locking lever 1 can be moved horizontally. The head can move up and down.
如图1-6所示,解锁导向块22内设置有上下贯通的腔体222,腔体222的两侧壁上设置有相同形状的解锁导向槽221,两个凸柱部11为分别设置在腔体222的两侧壁的解锁导向槽221内。As shown in Figures 1-6, the unlocking guide block 22 is provided with a cavity 222 that passes up and down. The two side walls of the cavity 222 are provided with unlocking guide grooves 221 of the same shape. The two protruding column portions 11 are respectively provided on In the unlocking guide grooves 221 on both sides of the cavity 222.
在本实施例中,解锁导向块22内设置有上下贯通的腔体222,在腔体222的上朝向和背向电池包的侧壁上对应设置有相同形状的解锁导向槽221,解锁杆1上的凸柱部11沿杆体部12分别向该解锁导向槽221内延伸,并与该解锁导向槽221滑动连接,当驱动部21驱动解锁导向块22运动时,凸柱部11在解锁导向槽221内运动以驱动杆体部12上下运动,腔体222内解锁 导向槽221进行对称式设计使得解锁导向槽221作用于解锁杆1时,其受力更加均衡,运动更加平稳。In this embodiment, the unlocking guide block 22 is provided with a cavity 222 that passes up and down. Unlocking guide grooves 221 of the same shape are correspondingly provided on the upper and lower side walls of the cavity 222 facing the battery pack. The unlocking lever 1 The protruding column portions 11 on the upper body extend into the unlocking guide groove 221 along the rod body 12 and are slidably connected with the unlocking guide groove 221. When the driving portion 21 drives the unlocking guide block 22 to move, the protruding column portions 11 move in the unlocking guide groove. 221 to drive the rod body 12 to move up and down. The unlocking guide groove 221 in the cavity 222 is symmetrically designed so that when the unlocking guide groove 221 acts on the unlocking rod 1, its force is more balanced and the movement is smoother.
如图1-6所示,驱动装置2还包括固定的竖直导向机构223,杆体部12穿过所竖直导向机构223,使所解锁杆1能够在驱动部21推动和所解锁导向槽221作用下,沿竖直导向机构223上下移动。As shown in Figures 1-6, the driving device 2 also includes a fixed vertical guide mechanism 223. The rod body 12 passes through the vertical guide mechanism 223, so that the unlocked rod 1 can be pushed in the driving part 21 and the unlocked guide groove 221 Under the action, it moves up and down along the vertical guide mechanism 223.
在本实施例中,设置用于导向杆体部12的竖直导向机构223,能够保证解锁杆1沿预定方向上下移动,避免左右倾斜,进而有利于对准解锁位置,快速实现解锁。In this embodiment, the vertical guide mechanism 223 provided for guiding the rod body 12 can ensure that the unlocking rod 1 moves up and down in a predetermined direction to avoid tilting left and right, which is beneficial to aligning the unlocking position and quickly unlocking.
除此以外,本实施例中,换电设备设置于换电穿梭车4,换电穿梭车4还包括用于电池包定位和移动的电池包固定板5和/或用于电动车辆定位的车身固定板6,解锁装置3设置在车身固定板6或车身固定板6,使解锁杆1在驱动装置2带动下升降以对电动车辆的电池包加解锁。In addition, in this embodiment, the battery swap equipment is provided in the battery swap shuttle 4. The battery swap shuttle 4 also includes a battery pack fixing plate 5 for positioning and moving the battery pack and/or a body for positioning the electric vehicle. The fixing plate 6 and the unlocking device 3 are arranged on the vehicle body fixing plate 6 or the vehicle body fixing plate 6 so that the unlocking lever 1 can be raised and lowered driven by the driving device 2 to unlock the battery pack of the electric vehicle.
在一实施例中,如图1-6所示,换电穿梭车4换电设备还包括车身固定板6和电池包固定板5,电池包固定板5用于与电池包连接定位,电池包固定板5设于车身固定板6的上方,车身固定板6能够防止车身与换电穿梭车4之间产生相对移动,从而有利于换电穿梭车4顺利实现对电池包的加解锁;电池包固定板5能够防止换电穿梭车4和电池包之间产生相对移动,从而有利于对电池包的加解锁。In one embodiment, as shown in Figures 1-6, the battery swap equipment of the battery swap shuttle 4 also includes a body fixing plate 6 and a battery pack fixing plate 5. The battery pack fixing plate 5 is used to connect and position the battery pack. The battery pack The fixing plate 5 is located above the body fixing plate 6. The body fixing plate 6 can prevent relative movement between the body and the battery swap shuttle 4, thereby facilitating the battery swap shuttle 4 to smoothly unlock and unlock the battery pack; the battery pack The fixed plate 5 can prevent relative movement between the battery swap shuttle 4 and the battery pack, thereby facilitating the unlocking and unlocking of the battery pack.
其中,电池包固定板5上还安装有电池托盘,电池托盘与解锁杆1的对应处设置有腰型孔,解锁装置3设置在车身固定板6两侧且与电池包定位的承载板两侧的避让槽对应,使解锁杆1上升以穿过腰型孔。Among them, a battery tray is also installed on the battery pack fixing plate 5. A waist-shaped hole is provided at the corresponding position between the battery tray and the unlocking lever 1. The unlocking device 3 is arranged on both sides of the vehicle body fixing plate 6 and on both sides of the load-bearing plate positioned with the battery pack. corresponding to the avoidance groove, so that the unlocking rod 1 rises to pass through the waist-shaped hole.
在本实施例中,电池包固定板5设有避让槽,解锁杆1穿过避让槽固定于车身固定板6。同时在电池包固定板5上还安装有电池托盘,电池托盘与解锁杆1的对应处设置有腰型孔,解锁导向块22驱动解锁杆1上下运动时,杆体部12能够从腰型孔穿出并且对电池包进行解锁。开设避让槽能够防止上层的电池包固定板5对解锁杆1造成遮挡,避免干涉解锁杆1的工作,开 设腰型孔利于杆体部12穿出。In this embodiment, the battery pack fixing plate 5 is provided with an escape groove, and the unlocking rod 1 passes through the escape groove and is fixed to the vehicle body fixing plate 6 . At the same time, a battery tray is also installed on the battery pack fixing plate 5. A waist-shaped hole is provided at the corresponding position between the battery tray and the unlocking lever 1. When the unlocking guide block 22 drives the unlocking lever 1 to move up and down, the rod body 12 can pass through the waist-shaped hole. out and unlock the battery pack. The opening of the avoidance groove can prevent the upper battery pack fixing plate 5 from blocking the unlocking lever 1 and interfering with the work of the unlocking lever 1. The opening of the waist-shaped hole facilitates the penetration of the lever body 12.
在另一实施方式中,解锁杆1为扭矩解锁杆,扭矩解锁杆施加扭矩以与加解锁机构配合以实现解锁。In another embodiment, the unlocking lever 1 is a torque unlocking lever, and the torque unlocking lever applies torque to cooperate with the locking and unlocking mechanism to achieve unlocking.
这种情况下,解锁杆1可以为扭矩枪,当加解锁机构是螺纹锁时,在解锁杆1外周面设有外螺纹,当需要进行解锁时解锁杆1带动其上的外螺纹运动以实现与加解锁机构上的内螺纹进行解锁;当加解锁机构是T型锁时,解锁杆1的顶部设有横向杆,横向杆与解锁杆1的杆体部12固定连接使得解锁杆1形成T形结构,解锁杆1旋转带动横向杆进行角度变化,当横向杆角度与T型锁上的开口角度一致时,横向杆从T型锁上的开口处脱出从实现其与加解锁机构进行解锁。采用解锁杆1采用这样的结构和解锁形式,利于使其适用于多种解锁环境。如图7-9所示,下面结合换电汽车和电池包端结构,对本实施例中换电穿梭车4的加解锁过程进行说明,在电动汽车的两根车身纵梁上同时连接有车身支架,车身支架为由型材焊接而成的框架式结构,各个锁止机构40设置在车身支架的纵梁下表面位置处,用于与电池包上的锁止配合机构进行锁止连接,使得电池包相对于车身支架连接或脱离,实现更换电池的目的。其中,锁止机构40在车身支架的下表面处呈两列布置,以分别对应于两个车身纵梁。如图7所示,电动汽车用电池包上每个安装支架50处的挂接件用于穿设在锁止机构40内,实现锁止。In this case, the unlocking rod 1 can be a torque gun. When the unlocking mechanism is a threaded lock, there are external threads on the outer circumference of the unlocking rod 1. When unlocking is required, the unlocking rod 1 drives the external threads on it to move. Unlock with the internal thread on the locking and unlocking mechanism; when the locking and unlocking mechanism is a T-shaped lock, a transverse rod is provided on the top of the unlocking rod 1, and the transverse rod is fixedly connected to the rod body 12 of the unlocking rod 1 so that the unlocking rod 1 forms a T shape Structure, the rotation of the unlocking rod 1 drives the transverse rod to change its angle. When the angle of the transverse rod is consistent with the opening angle of the T-shaped lock, the transverse rod protrudes from the opening of the T-shaped lock to unlock it with the locking and unlocking mechanism. The unlocking lever 1 adopts such a structure and unlocking form, which is beneficial to making it suitable for a variety of unlocking environments. As shown in Figure 7-9, the unlocking and unlocking process of the battery swap shuttle 4 in this embodiment will be explained below based on the structure of the battery swap car and the battery pack end. A body bracket is connected to the two body longitudinal beams of the electric car at the same time. , the body bracket is a frame structure welded by profiles, and each locking mechanism 40 is set on the lower surface of the longitudinal beam of the body bracket, and is used for locking connection with the locking matching mechanism on the battery pack, so that the battery pack Connect or detach from the body bracket to achieve the purpose of replacing the battery. Among them, the locking mechanisms 40 are arranged in two rows on the lower surface of the vehicle body bracket to respectively correspond to the two vehicle body longitudinal beams. As shown in FIG. 7 , the hooks at each mounting bracket 50 on the electric vehicle battery pack are used to be inserted into the locking mechanism 40 to achieve locking.
解锁过程中,车身固定板6和电池包固定板5在第一方向运动,使车身定位组件与电池包固定板5根据待换车型的车身定位孔位置和电池包位置调节到适配的位置,举升车身固定板6与车身定位,电池包固定板5通过定位件定位并带动移动电池包,由于电池包固定板5可以移动,而解锁杆1位于电池包固定板5上,因此电池包的滑孔被设置为腰型滑孔,或是直径相对大于电池包固定板5解锁过程中的移动行程的滑孔。During the unlocking process, the body fixing plate 6 and the battery pack fixing plate 5 move in the first direction, so that the body positioning assembly and the battery pack fixing plate 5 are adjusted to the appropriate position according to the position of the body positioning hole and the position of the battery pack of the vehicle model to be replaced. Lift the vehicle body fixing plate 6 to position it with the vehicle body. The battery pack fixing plate 5 is positioned through the positioning piece and drives the mobile battery pack. Since the battery pack fixing plate 5 can be moved and the unlocking lever 1 is located on the battery pack fixing plate 5, the battery pack is The sliding hole is set as a waist-shaped sliding hole, or a sliding hole with a diameter relatively larger than the movement stroke of the battery pack fixing plate 5 during the unlocking process.
加锁时:解锁杆1通过上升,可对电池包加解锁,解锁杆1上升进入电池包滑孔中,推动电池包内顶杆,使电池包内顶杆推动锁止机构40,锁止打 开,将电池包上的安装支架50处的挂接件推入锁止机构40的L型槽内,实现加锁。When locking: the unlocking rod 1 can be unlocked by rising. The unlocking rod 1 rises and enters the sliding hole of the battery pack, pushing the ejector rod in the battery pack, so that the ejector rod in the battery pack pushes the locking mechanism 40, and the lock is opened. , push the hook at the mounting bracket 50 on the battery pack into the L-shaped groove of the locking mechanism 40 to achieve locking.
解锁时:电池包固定板5带动电池包向锁止机构40的L型槽的内侧移动,解锁杆1推动锁连杆,使锁连杆推动锁止机构40,锁止机构40打开,电池包固定板5带动电池包安装支架50处的挂接件向L型槽的解锁口处移动,退出锁止机构40,实现解锁。When unlocking: the battery pack fixing plate 5 drives the battery pack to move to the inside of the L-shaped groove of the locking mechanism 40. The unlocking lever 1 pushes the locking link, causing the locking link to push the locking mechanism 40. The locking mechanism 40 opens and the battery pack The fixing plate 5 drives the hook at the battery pack installation bracket 50 to move toward the unlocking opening of the L-shaped groove, and withdraws from the locking mechanism 40 to achieve unlocking.
具体地,如图7-9所示,解锁杆1推动顶杆机构400,解锁杆1的顶起座41带动顶杆向上顶,将锁止机构40的锁连杆顶起,实现解锁,再将安装支架50处的挂接件推入的L型槽内,锁止机构40的锁连杆落下,实现加锁。Specifically, as shown in Figures 7-9, the unlocking rod 1 pushes the ejector mechanism 400, the jacking seat 41 of the unlocking rod 1 drives the ejector upward, and lifts the locking link rod of the locking mechanism 40 to unlock, and then Push the hitch at the mounting bracket 50 into the L-shaped groove, and the locking link of the locking mechanism 40 falls to achieve locking.
虽然以上描述了本申请的具体实施方式,但是本领域的技术人员应当理解,这仅是举例说明,本申请的保护范围是由所附权利要求书限定的。本领域的技术人员在不背离本申请的原理和实质的前提下,可以对这些实施方式做出多种变更或修改,但这些变更和修改均落入本申请的保护范围。Although specific embodiments of the present application have been described above, those skilled in the art will understand that these are only examples, and the protection scope of the present application is defined by the appended claims. Those skilled in the art can make various changes or modifications to these embodiments without departing from the principles and essence of the present application, but these changes and modifications all fall within the protection scope of the present application.

Claims (18)

  1. 一种解锁杆,其应用于换电设备上并解锁电动车辆上的电池包,所述换电设备包括一驱动装置,其特征在于,所述解锁杆包括:An unlocking lever that is applied to power exchange equipment and unlocks the battery pack on an electric vehicle. The power exchange equipment includes a driving device, characterized in that the unlocking lever includes:
    凸柱部和杆体部,所述凸柱部的一端连接于所述杆体部的外周面,所述凸柱部的另一端沿所述杆体部的径向向外延伸并用于与所述驱动装置相连接,所述驱动装置用于驱动所述凸柱部以带动所述杆体部上下移动,以实现所述解锁杆对电动车辆与所述电池包的加解锁结构进行加解锁。A convex column part and a rod body part. One end of the convex column part is connected to the outer peripheral surface of the rod body part. The other end of the convex column part extends outward along the radial direction of the rod body part and is used to communicate with the driving device. Connected, the driving device is used to drive the protruding column part to drive the rod body part to move up and down, so that the unlocking rod unlocks and unlocks the unlocking structure of the electric vehicle and the battery pack.
  2. 如权利要求1所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述凸柱部为两个,且对应设于所述杆体部的两侧。The unlocking lever according to claim 1, characterized in that there are two protruding column parts, and they are respectively provided on both sides of the rod body part.
  3. 如权利要求2所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述杆体部上设有通孔,所述凸柱部贯穿安装于所述通孔并向所述杆体部的两侧延伸设置。The unlocking lever according to claim 2, wherein the lever body is provided with a through hole, and the protruding column portion is installed through the through hole and extends to both sides of the lever body.
  4. 如权利要求1-3任一项所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述凸柱的端部设有用于配合所述解锁杆的位置传感器检测的检测面。The unlocking lever according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the end of the protruding column is provided with a detection surface for cooperating with the position sensor detection of the unlocking lever.
  5. 如权利要求1-4中任一项所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述杆体部朝向所述电池包的端部为平面。The unlocking lever according to any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein the end of the lever body facing the battery pack is flat.
  6. 如权利要求1-5中任一项所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述杆体部包括第一杆体和第二杆体,所述第二杆体与所述凸柱部相连接,所述第一杆体设于所述第二杆体中靠近所述电池包的一端,所述第一杆体中远离所述第二杆体的一端端部为弧形面。The unlocking lever according to any one of claims 1 to 5, wherein the lever body part includes a first lever body and a second lever body, the second lever body is connected to the protruding column part, and the third lever body A rod is disposed at an end of the second rod close to the battery pack, and an end of the first rod far away from the second rod is an arc-shaped surface.
  7. 如权利要求6所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述第一杆体为锥形结构。The unlocking lever according to claim 6, wherein the first lever body has a tapered structure.
  8. 如权利要求1-7中任一项所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述杆体部的外表面具有用于防止所述杆体部转动的防转面。The unlocking lever according to any one of claims 1 to 7, wherein the outer surface of the lever body portion has an anti-rotation surface for preventing the rotation of the lever body portion.
  9. 如权利要求1-8中任一项所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述杆体部为相对于水平移动方向左右限位安装的,所述驱动装置包括:驱动部、与驱动部的推力输出端连接的解锁导向块,所述解锁导向块中设置有解锁导向槽,所述凸柱部与所述解锁导向槽滑动配合。The unlocking lever according to any one of claims 1 to 8, characterized in that the rod body is mounted to the left and right with respect to the horizontal movement direction, and the driving device includes: a driving part, and a thrust force of the driving part. The output end is connected to an unlocking guide block, the unlocking guide block is provided with an unlocking guide groove, and the protruding column portion is in sliding fit with the unlocking guide groove.
  10. 如权利要求9所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述解锁导向槽为导向所述解锁杆由最低位至最高位延伸的斜线导向槽,所述斜线导向槽设于所述解锁导向块平行于其移动方向的侧壁。The unlocking lever according to claim 9, wherein the unlocking guide groove is a diagonal guide groove extending from the lowest position to the highest position, and the oblique guide groove is provided on the unlocking guide. The side walls of the block are parallel to the direction of its movement.
  11. 如权利要求10所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述解锁导向块内设置有上下贯通的腔体,所述腔体的两侧壁上设置有相同形状的解锁导向槽,两个所述凸柱部为分别设置在所述腔体的两侧壁的所述解锁导向槽内。The unlocking lever according to claim 10, wherein the unlocking guide block is provided with a cavity that passes up and down, and unlocking guide grooves of the same shape are provided on both side walls of the cavity, and the two The protruding column parts are respectively provided in the unlocking guide grooves on both side walls of the cavity.
  12. 如权利要求9-11中任一项所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述驱动装置还包括固定的竖直导向机构,所述杆体部穿过所述竖直导向机构,使所述解锁杆能够在驱动部推动和所述解锁导向槽作用下,沿所述竖直导向机构上下移动。The unlocking lever according to any one of claims 9 to 11, characterized in that the driving device further includes a fixed vertical guide mechanism, and the rod body passes through the vertical guide mechanism so that the unlocking lever The rod can move up and down along the vertical guide mechanism under the push of the driving part and the action of the unlocking guide groove.
  13. 如权利要求1-12中任一项所述的解锁杆,其特征在于,所述解锁杆为扭矩解锁杆,所述扭矩解锁杆施加扭矩以与加解锁机构配合以实现解锁。The unlocking lever according to any one of claims 1 to 12, characterized in that the unlocking lever is a torque unlocking lever, and the torque unlocking lever exerts torque to cooperate with the locking and unlocking mechanism to achieve unlocking.
  14. 一种解锁装置,其特征在于,所述解锁装置包括如权利要求1-13中任一项所述的解锁杆。An unlocking device, characterized in that the unlocking device includes the unlocking lever according to any one of claims 1-13.
  15. 如权利要求14所述的解锁装置,其特征在于,所述解锁装置设置在换电装置或设置在所述电池包。The unlocking device according to claim 14, characterized in that the unlocking device is provided in a power exchange device or in the battery pack.
  16. 一种换电设备,其特征在于,所述换电设备包括如权利要求14-15中任一项所述的解锁装置。A power exchange device, characterized in that the power exchange device includes the unlocking device according to any one of claims 14-15.
  17. 如权利要求16所述的换电设备,其特征在于,所述换电设备设置于换电穿梭车,所述换电穿梭车还包括用于所述电池包定位和移动的电池包固定板和/或用于电动车辆定位的车身固定板,所述解锁装置设置在所述车身固定板或所述车身固定板,使所述解锁杆在所述驱动装置带动下升降以对电动车辆的所述电池包加解锁。The power exchange equipment according to claim 16, characterized in that the power exchange equipment is provided on a power exchange shuttle, and the power exchange shuttle further includes a battery pack fixing plate for positioning and moving the battery pack. / Or a vehicle body fixing plate used for positioning an electric vehicle. The unlocking device is provided on the vehicle body fixing plate or the vehicle body fixing plate so that the unlocking lever can be raised and lowered driven by the driving device to lock the electric vehicle. Battery pack plus unlock.
  18. 如权利要求17所述的换电设备,其特征在于,所述电池包固定板上还安装有电池托盘,所述电池托盘与所述解锁杆的对应处设置有腰型孔,所述解锁装置设置在所述车身固定板两侧且与所述电池包定位的承载板两侧 的避让槽对应,使所述解锁杆上升以穿过所述腰型孔。The battery swapping equipment according to claim 17, wherein a battery tray is further installed on the battery pack fixing plate, a waist-shaped hole is provided at the corresponding position between the battery tray and the unlocking lever, and the unlocking device The release grooves are provided on both sides of the vehicle body fixed plate and correspond to the avoidance grooves on both sides of the load-bearing plate where the battery pack is positioned, so that the unlocking lever is raised to pass through the waist-shaped hole.
PCT/CN2022/141436 2022-04-02 2022-12-23 Unlocking rod, unlocking apparatus, and battery swapping device WO2023185131A1 (en)

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