一种市政道路检测用样品研磨装置Sample grinding device for municipal road detection
本发明涉及市政机械领域，具体是一种市政道路检测用样品研磨装置。The invention relates to the field of municipal machinery, in particular to a sample grinding device for municipal road detection.
道路从词义上讲就是供各种无轨车辆和行人通行的基础设施；按其使用特点分为公路、城市道路、乡村道路、厂矿道路、林业道路、考试道路、竞赛道路、汽车试验道路、车间通道以及学校道路等，古代中国还有驿道。另外还指达到某种目标的途径，事物发展、变化的途径。In terms of meaning, the road is the infrastructure for all kinds of trackless vehicles and pedestrians; according to its use characteristics, it is divided into highways, urban roads, rural roads, factories and mines, forestry roads, examination roads, competition roads, automobile test roads, workshop channels. As well as school roads, ancient China also has rampages. It also refers to ways to achieve certain goals, ways to develop and change things.
在建设市政道路时，需要对道路的组成材质进行检测，传统的的方式提取道路中一小部分样品，对样品进行粉碎研磨处理，检测是否符合标准，普通的研磨机构研磨效果差，研磨效率低，耗时高。When constructing a municipal road, it is necessary to test the composition of the road. The traditional method is to extract a small part of the sample from the road, and the sample is pulverized and ground to check whether it meets the standard. The ordinary grinding mechanism has poor grinding effect and low grinding efficiency. It takes a lot of time.
发明内容Summary of the invention
本发明的目的在于提供一种市政道路检测用样品研磨装置，以解决上述背景技术中提出的问题。It is an object of the present invention to provide a sample polishing apparatus for municipal road detection to solve the problems set forth in the above background art.
为实现上述目的，本发明提供如下技术方案：To achieve the above object, the present invention provides the following technical solutions:
一种市政道路检测用样品研磨装置，包括搅拌腔、研磨腔、收集槽、电机和传动腔；所述搅拌腔设置在研磨腔的上端且通过底板隔开，所述搅拌腔的上端设置有进料斗，进料斗的右侧设置有电机，所述电机的输出端与旋转轴固定连接，旋转轴贯穿搅拌腔的上端伸同时贯穿底板且与挡板固定连接，位于所述搅拌腔内侧的旋转轴上固定安装有搅拌棒，所述底板上设置有落料孔，挡板上同样设置有落料孔；所述研磨腔的内侧底板设置有收集槽，研磨腔内还固定安装有半球形底板，半球形底板的底部设置有细孔，半球形底板的上方设置有研磨盘，研磨盘的上端固定连接有第二转动杆，第二转动杆的上端伸入旋转轴设置的空腔内且与旋转轴转动连接，所述研磨盘的下端固定连接有顶杆，所述顶杆的下端贯穿半球形底板和研磨腔的底部伸入传动腔内且通过旋转接头与活动板转动连接。A sample grinding device for municipal road detection, comprising a stirring chamber, a grinding chamber, a collecting tank, a motor and a transmission chamber; the stirring chamber is disposed at an upper end of the grinding chamber and separated by a bottom plate, and the upper end of the stirring chamber is provided with a feed a hopper, a motor is disposed on a right side of the feeding hopper, and an output end of the motor is fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, and the rotating shaft extends through the upper end of the stirring chamber while passing through the bottom plate and is fixedly connected with the baffle, and is located inside the stirring chamber A stirring rod is fixedly mounted on the rotating shaft, the bottom plate is provided with a blanking hole, and the blanking hole is also disposed on the baffle; the inner bottom plate of the grinding chamber is provided with a collecting groove, and the grinding chamber is also fixedly mounted with a hemisphere a bottom plate, a bottom of the semi-spherical bottom plate is provided with a fine hole, and a grinding disc is disposed above the semi-spherical bottom plate, and a second rotating rod is fixedly connected to the upper end of the grinding disc, and an upper end of the second rotating rod extends into the cavity provided by the rotating shaft Rotatingly coupled to the rotating shaft, the lower end of the grinding disc is fixedly coupled with a jack, the lower end of the jack extends through the hemispherical bottom plate and the bottom of the grinding chamber into the transmission cavity and is rotated Head and rotatably connected to the movable plate.
作为本发明进一步的方案：所述研磨腔的下端对称设置有支腿。As a further aspect of the invention, the lower end of the grinding chamber is symmetrically provided with legs.
作为本发明再进一步的方案：所述研磨盘的下端截面呈扇形结构。As a still further aspect of the present invention, the lower end of the grinding disc has a fan-shaped cross section.
作为本发明再进一步的方案：所述第二转动杆外侧设置有凸起块，旋转轴的空腔内设置有与凸起块对应的凹槽。According to still another aspect of the present invention, the outer side of the second rotating rod is provided with a convex block, and a cavity corresponding to the convex block is disposed in the cavity of the rotating shaft.
作为本发明再进一步的方案：所述传动腔固定安装在研磨腔的下端，传动腔的底部转动连接有双向螺纹杆，双向螺纹杆的右端贯穿传动腔的侧壁且与第三转动杆固定连接，第三转动杆的右端固定安装有对称设置的锥齿轮。According to still another aspect of the present invention, the transmission cavity is fixedly mounted on the lower end of the grinding cavity, and the bottom of the transmission cavity is rotatably connected with a bidirectional threaded rod. The right end of the two-way threaded rod penetrates the side wall of the transmission cavity and is fixedly connected with the third rotating rod. The right end of the third rotating rod is fixedly mounted with a symmetrically arranged bevel gear.
作为本发明再进一步的方案：两个所述锥齿轮的内侧上端设置有不完全锥齿轮，不完全锥齿轮与第一转动杆固定连接，第一转动杆的上端通过皮带与旋转轴转动连接。According to still another aspect of the present invention, the inner upper end of the two bevel gears is provided with a partial bevel gear, and the partial bevel gear is fixedly connected with the first rotating rod, and the upper end of the first rotating rod is rotatably connected to the rotating shaft through the belt.
作为本发明再进一步的方案：所述双向螺纹杆上对称设置有移动块，移动块与双向螺纹杆螺纹连接，移动块的上端以连接杆的一端铰接，连接杆的另一端铰接在活动板的下端。According to still another aspect of the present invention, the two-way threaded rod is symmetrically disposed with a moving block, and the moving block is screwed with the two-way threaded rod, the upper end of the moving block is hinged at one end of the connecting rod, and the other end of the connecting rod is hinged to the movable plate. Lower end.
与现有技术相比，本发明的有益效果是：本发明设计新颖，旋转轴转动时带动挡板转动，当挡板上的落料孔与底板上的落料孔重合时，搅拌腔内的检测样品开始下落，当挡板继续转动，其上的落料孔与底板上的落料孔错开时，检测样品停止下落，从而实现间歇下料，可有效防止过多检测样品堆积在研磨腔内影响研磨效率；研磨盘转动研磨时又在顶杆的作用下往复性上下移动，使侧边的检测样品在研磨盘向上移动时落入研磨盘的正下方进行研磨，可确保研磨充分，提高了研磨效果。Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that the design of the invention is novel, and the baffle rotates when the rotating shaft rotates. When the blanking hole on the baffle coincides with the blanking hole on the bottom plate, the stirring chamber is The detection sample begins to fall. When the baffle continues to rotate and the blanking hole on the bottom plate is staggered from the blanking hole on the bottom plate, the detecting sample stops falling, thereby achieving intermittent blanking, which can effectively prevent excessive detection of sample accumulation in the grinding cavity. Affecting the grinding efficiency; when the grinding disc rotates and grinds, it reciprocally moves up and down under the action of the ejector rod, so that the side detection sample falls below the grinding disc when the grinding disc moves upward to perform grinding, which ensures sufficient grinding and improves Grinding effect.
图1为市政道路检测用样品研磨装置的结构示意图。Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a sample polishing apparatus for municipal road detection.
图2为市政道路检测用样品研磨装置中A处的结构放大图。Fig. 2 is an enlarged view showing the structure of a portion of the sample grinding device for municipal road detection.
图3为市政道路检测用样品研磨装置中旋转轴的仰视图。Fig. 3 is a bottom view of a rotating shaft of the sample grinding device for municipal road detection.
图中：1-搅拌腔、2-研磨腔、3-半球形底板、4-收集槽、5-底板、6-进料斗、7-电机、8-旋转轴、9-搅拌棒、10-第一转动杆、11-挡板、12-第二转动杆、13-研磨盘、14-顶杆、15-不完全锥齿轮、16-锥齿轮、17-支腿、18-第三转动杆、19-传动腔、20-活动板、21-双向螺纹杆、22-移动块、23-连接杆。In the figure: 1-stirring chamber, 2-grinding chamber, 3-hemispherical bottom plate, 4-collector, 5-floor, 6-feed hopper, 7-motor, 8-rotary shaft, 9-stirring rod, 10- First rotating rod, 11-baffle, 12-second rotating rod, 13-grinding disc, 14-top rod, 15-incomplete bevel gear, 16-bevel gear, 17-leg, 18-third rotating rod 19-drive cavity, 20-moving plate, 21-two-way threaded rod, 22-moving block, 23-connecting rod.
下面将结合本发明实施例中的附图，对本发明实施例中的技术方案进行清楚、完整地描述，显然，所描述的实施例仅仅是本发明一部分实施例，而不是全部的实施例。基于本发明中的实施例，本领域普通技术人员在没有做出创造性劳动前提下所获得的所有其他实施例，都属于本发明保护的范围。The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention are clearly and completely described in the following with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention. It is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, but not all embodiments. All other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art based on the embodiments of the present invention without creative efforts are within the scope of the present invention.
请参阅图1～3，本发明实施例中，一种市政道路检测用样品研磨装置，包括搅拌腔1、研磨腔2、收集槽4、电机7和传动腔19；所述搅拌腔1设置在研磨腔2的上端且通过底板5隔开，研磨腔2的下端对称设置有支腿17，支腿17起到支撑作用，所述搅拌腔1的上端设置有进料斗6，进料斗6的右侧设置有电机7，所述电机7的输出端与旋转轴8固定连接，旋转轴8贯穿搅拌腔1的上端伸同时贯穿底板5且与挡板11固定连接，位于所述搅拌腔1内侧的旋转轴8上固定安装有搅拌棒9，电机7通过旋转轴8带动搅拌棒9转动，搅拌棒9对搅拌腔1内的检测样品进行搅拌，所述底板5上设置有落料孔，挡板11上同样设置有落料孔，旋转轴8转动时带动挡板11转动，当挡板11上的落料孔与底板5上的落料孔重合时，搅拌腔1内的检测样品开始下落，当挡板11继续转动，其上的落料孔与底板5上的落料孔错开时，检测样品停止下落。Referring to FIGS. 1 to 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, a sample grinding device for municipal road detection includes a stirring chamber 1, a grinding chamber 2, a collecting tank 4, a motor 7 and a transmission chamber 19; the stirring chamber 1 is disposed at The upper end of the grinding chamber 2 is separated by a bottom plate 5, and the lower end of the grinding chamber 2 is symmetrically provided with a leg 17 for supporting. The upper end of the stirring chamber 1 is provided with a feeding hopper 6, a feeding hopper 6. The motor is connected to the rotating shaft 8 , and the rotating shaft 8 extends through the upper end of the stirring chamber 1 while extending through the bottom plate 5 and fixedly connected to the baffle 11 . A stirring rod 9 is fixedly mounted on the inner rotating shaft 8, and the motor 7 drives the stirring rod 9 to rotate by the rotating shaft 8. The stirring rod 9 stirs the detection sample in the stirring chamber 1, and the bottom plate 5 is provided with a blanking hole. The baffle 11 is also provided with a blanking hole. When the rotating shaft 8 rotates, the baffle 11 is rotated. When the blanking hole on the baffle 11 coincides with the blanking hole on the bottom plate 5, the test sample in the stirring chamber 1 starts. Falling, when the baffle 11 continues to rotate, the blanking holes on the baffle 11 and the blanking holes on the bottom plate 5 are wrong. When the sample is detected to stop falling.
所述研磨腔2的内侧底板设置有收集槽4，收集槽4用于收集研磨后的检测样品，研磨腔2内还固定安装有半球形底板3，半球形底板3的底部设置有细孔，半球形底板3的上方设置有研磨盘13，所述研磨盘13的下端截面呈扇形结构，研磨盘13的上端固定连接有第二转动杆12，第二转动杆12的上端伸入旋转轴8设置的空腔内且与旋转轴8转动连接，第二转动杆12外侧设置有凸起块，旋转轴8的空腔内设置有与凸起块对应的凹槽，从而实现旋转轴8带动第二转动杆12转动的同时不影响第二转动杆12上下移动，所述研磨盘13的下端固定连接有顶杆14，所述顶杆14的下端贯穿半球形底板3和研磨腔2的底部伸入传动腔19内且通过旋转接头与活动板20转动连接，所述传动腔19固定安装在研磨腔2的下端，传动腔19的底部转动连接有双向螺纹杆21，双向螺纹杆21的右端贯穿传动腔19的侧壁且与第三转动杆18固定连接，第三转动杆18的右端固定安装有对称设置的锥齿轮16，两个所述锥齿轮16的内侧上端设置有不完全锥齿轮15，不完全锥齿轮15与第一转动杆10固定连接，第一转动杆10的上端通过皮带与旋转轴8转动连接，电机7转动通过旋转轴8及皮带的作用带动第一转动杆10转动，第一转动杆10通过不完全锥齿轮15和锥齿轮16的作用带动第三转动杆18及双向螺纹杆21往复性正反转运动，所述双向螺纹杆21上对称设置有移动块22，移动块22与双向螺纹杆21螺纹连接，移动块22的上端以连接杆23的一端铰接，连接杆23的另一端铰接在活动板20的下端，双向螺纹杆21正 反转运动时通过移动块22及连接杆23的作用带动活动板20往复性上下移动，活动板20通过顶杆14带动研磨盘13上下移动，从而提高研磨效率，增加研磨效果。The inner bottom plate of the grinding chamber 2 is provided with a collecting groove 4 for collecting the detected sample after grinding, and the hemispherical bottom plate 3 is fixedly mounted in the grinding chamber 2, and the bottom of the hemispherical bottom plate 3 is provided with fine holes. A grinding disc 13 is disposed above the hemispherical bottom plate 3, and the lower end of the grinding disc 13 has a fan-shaped structure. The upper end of the grinding disc 13 is fixedly coupled to the second rotating rod 12, and the upper end of the second rotating rod 12 extends into the rotating shaft 8. The inside of the cavity is rotatably connected to the rotating shaft 8. The outer side of the second rotating rod 12 is provided with a convex block. The cavity of the rotating shaft 8 is provided with a groove corresponding to the protruding block, so that the rotating shaft 8 is driven. When the rotating rod 12 rotates, the second rotating rod 12 is not moved up and down. The lower end of the grinding disc 13 is fixedly connected with the ejector rod 14. The lower end of the ejector rod 14 extends through the bottom of the hemispherical bottom plate 3 and the grinding chamber 2 The transmission chamber 19 is fixedly mounted on the lower end of the grinding chamber 2, and the bottom end of the transmission chamber 19 is rotatably connected with a bidirectional threaded rod 21, and the right end of the bidirectional threaded rod 21 is inserted through the rotary joint. The side wall of the transmission chamber 19 and The third rotating rod 18 is fixedly connected, and the right end of the third rotating rod 18 is fixedly mounted with a symmetrically disposed bevel gear 16 , and the inner upper ends of the two bevel gears 16 are provided with incomplete bevel gears 15 and incomplete bevel gears 15 and A rotating rod 10 is fixedly connected, and an upper end of the first rotating rod 10 is rotatably connected to the rotating shaft 8 through a belt, and the motor 7 rotates through the rotating shaft 8 and the belt to drive the first rotating rod 10 to rotate, and the first rotating rod 10 passes incompletely. The action of the bevel gear 15 and the bevel gear 16 drives the reciprocating forward and reverse movement of the third rotating rod 18 and the bidirectional threaded rod 21. The two-way threaded rod 21 is symmetrically disposed with a moving block 22, and the moving block 22 and the bidirectional threaded rod 21 are threaded. Connecting, the upper end of the moving block 22 is hinged at one end of the connecting rod 23, and the other end of the connecting rod 23 is hinged at the lower end of the movable plate 20. When the two-way threaded rod 21 is moving in the reverse direction, the movable block 22 and the connecting rod 23 act to move the activity. The plate 20 moves up and down reciprocally, and the movable plate 20 drives the grinding disk 13 to move up and down by the ejector pin 14, thereby improving the grinding efficiency and increasing the grinding effect.
对于本领域技术人员而言，显然本发明不限于上述示范性实施例的细节，而且在不背离本发明的精神或基本特征的情况下，能够以其他的具体形式实现本发明。因此，无论从哪一点来看，均应将实施例看作是示范性的，而且是非限制性的，本发明的范围由所附权利要求而不是上述说明限定，因此旨在将落在权利要求的等同要件的含义和范围内的所有变化囊括在本发明内。不应将权利要求中的任何附图标记视为限制所涉及的权利要求。It is apparent to those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the details of the above-described exemplary embodiments, and the present invention can be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics of the invention. Therefore, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, and the scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims instead All changes in the meaning and scope of equivalent elements are included in the present invention. Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the claim.
此外，应当理解，虽然本说明书按照实施方式加以描述，但并非每个实施方式仅包含一个独立的技术方案，说明书的这种叙述方式仅仅是为清楚起见，本领域技术人员应当将说明书作为一个整体，各实施例中的技术方案也可以经适当组合，形成本领域技术人员可以理解的其他实施方式。In addition, it should be understood that although the description is described in terms of embodiments, not every embodiment includes only one independent technical solution. The description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should regard the specification as a whole. The technical solutions in the respective embodiments may also be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments that can be understood by those skilled in the art.