WO2019006577A1 - 一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置 - Google Patents

一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2019006577A1
WO2019006577A1 PCT/CN2017/091396 CN2017091396W WO2019006577A1 WO 2019006577 A1 WO2019006577 A1 WO 2019006577A1 CN 2017091396 W CN2017091396 W CN 2017091396W WO 2019006577 A1 WO2019006577 A1 WO 2019006577A1
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disposed
conveyor belt
belt
push plate
metal
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PCT/CN2017/091396
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English (en)
French (fr)
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张巍巍
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张巍巍
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Priority to PCT/CN2017/091396 priority Critical patent/WO2019006577A1/zh
Publication of WO2019006577A1 publication Critical patent/WO2019006577A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B03SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS USING LIQUIDS OR USING PNEUMATIC TABLES OR JIGS; MAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03CMAGNETIC OR ELECTROSTATIC SEPARATION OF SOLID MATERIALS FROM SOLID MATERIALS OR FLUIDS; SEPARATION BY HIGH-VOLTAGE ELECTRIC FIELDS
    • B03C1/00Magnetic separation
    • B03C1/02Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated
    • B03C1/16Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with material carriers in the form of belts
    • B03C1/18Magnetic separation acting directly on the substance being separated with material carriers in the form of belts with magnets moving during operation

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a metal removal device before pulverization of raw materials of an automated brick factory.
  • the raw materials of the brick factory need to be pulverized before the blanking, but the metal impurities are often mixed in the raw materials. If these metal impurities are not removed, it may not only cause damage to the pulverizer, but also affect the quality of the brick.
  • the existing device adsorbs metal impurities through the permanent magnet, and after the adsorption for a certain period of time, it is necessary to manually remove the impurities that have been adsorbed. At this time, it is necessary to shut down the equipment to ensure safety, labor and inefficiency.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide a pre-crushing metal removal apparatus for an automated brick mill material which does not require manual cleaning of the already adsorbed metal impurities in order to solve the problems of the prior art in the above background art.
  • a metal removal device before the pulverization of the raw material of the automated brick factory including the conveyor belt, further comprising:
  • Brackets disposed on both sides of the conveyor belt;
  • a circulating flat belt fixed above the conveyor belt by a bracket, the direction of rotation is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveyor belt, and both ends of the circulating flat belt are beyond the edge of the conveyor belt;
  • a driving motor disposed on the bracket to drive the circulating flat belt to rotate;
  • a strip-shaped electromagnet having a plurality of roots uniformly disposed on a surface of the circulating flat strip, the axial direction of which is parallel to the radial direction of the circulating flat strip; and the strip-shaped electromagnets are provided with contacts at both ends thereof;
  • An electrode plate fixed on the bracket, on both sides of the circulating flat belt, which is in contact with a contact of a strip-shaped electromagnet directly above the conveyor belt;
  • a metal detector disposed above the conveyor belt and located behind the magnetic roller;
  • a push plate disposed on one side of the conveyor belt, located below the metal detector, and the lower port is closely attached to the upper surface of the conveyor belt;
  • Fixing frame disposed on one side of the conveyor belt
  • Push plate driving device disposed on the top of the fixing frame and connected to the pushing plate.
  • the push plate driving device is a cylinder, and a gas valve is disposed on the air supply circuit, and the electromagnetic valve is electrically connected to the metal detector.
  • the width of the push plate is greater than the width of the metal detector, and both ends exceed the edge of the metal detector.
  • the circulating flat belt drives the strip-shaped electromagnet to rotate.
  • the contacts at both ends are electrically connected to the electrode plate to generate magnetism, and the metal debris is adsorbed.
  • the strip-shaped electromagnet is rotated to the conveyor belt
  • the edge is outside, the contact is separated from the electrode plate, the strip electromagnet loses its magnetic force, and the adsorbed metal debris naturally falls to the outside of the conveyor belt, eliminating manual cleaning, reducing labor consumption and improving work efficiency.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view of the structure of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a plan view of Figure 1;
  • Figure 3 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 1;
  • Figure 4 is a schematic view of the structure of a strip-shaped electromagnet.
  • a metal removal device before the pulverization of the raw material of the automated brick factory including the conveyor belt 1 , further includes: a bracket 2: disposed on both sides of the conveyor belt 1;
  • the belt 3 is fixed above the conveyor belt by the bracket 2, and its rotation direction is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the conveyor belt 1, the two ends of the circulating flat belt 3 are beyond the edge of the conveyor belt 1, and the driving motor 4: Driving the circulating flat belt on the bracket 2;
  • the strip electromagnet 5 has a plurality of roots uniformly disposed on the surface of the circulating flat belt 3, and the axial direction thereof is radial to the circulating flat belt 3 Parallel; two ends of the strip-shaped electromagnet 5 are provided with contacts 51;
  • the electrode plate 6 is fixed on the bracket 2, on both sides of the circulating flat strip 3, and the strip directly above the conveyor belt 1
  • the contact 51 of the electromagnet 5 is in contact;
  • the metal detector 7 is disposed above the conveyor belt 1 and
  • the push plate driving device 10 is a cylinder, and a solenoid valve is disposed on the air supply circuit, and the electromagnetic valve is electrically connected to the metal detector 7.
  • the push plate 8 has a width greater than the width of the metal detector 7, and both ends extend beyond the edge of the metal detector 7.
  • the raw material is conveyed by the conveyor belt 1 and passes under the circulating flat belt 3.
  • the contact 51 at both ends of the strip-shaped electromagnet 5 directly above the conveyor belt 1 is in contact with the electrode plate 6, and the magnetic material is energized and mixed, and the raw materials are mixed.
  • the ferromagnetic metal-like substance is adsorbed.
  • the strip-shaped electromagnet 5 for adsorbing metal impurities runs outside the edge of the conveyor belt 1, the contact 51 is separated from the electrode plate 6, and the strip-shaped electromagnet 5 loses its magnetic properties, and the adsorbed metal is mixed.
  • the material naturally falls; the circulating flat belt 3 continuously circulates, and the strip-shaped electromagnet 5 reciprocates and adsorbs, and the effect of removing metal debris is good.
  • the raw material After the raw material passes through the circulating flat belt 3, it passes through the detection area of the metal detector 7, and some of the missing iron Magnetic metal impurities and non-ferromagnetic metal impurities can be detected.
  • a signal is transmitted to the solenoid valve, the control solenoid valve is opened, and the cylinder operation pushes the push plate 8 to move, and the detection area is The material is pushed away from the conveyor belt 1 to completely remove metal debris.
  • the metal detector 7 can also electrically connect to the driving motor of the conveyor belt 1.
  • the conveyor belt 1 stops synchronously. At this time, the existence of the circulating flat belt 3 and the strip electromagnet 5 It makes more sense. After all, after the strip electromagnet 5 is removed, the metal debris is greatly reduced, otherwise the operating efficiency of the whole device will be very low.

Abstract

一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置,包括输送带(1),还包括:支架(2);循环扁带(3):通过支架(2)固定在所述输送带(1)上方;条形电磁铁(5):有若干根,均匀的设于所述循环扁带(3)的表面,其轴向与所述循环扁带(3)径向平行;所述条形电磁铁(5)两端设有触点(51);电极板(6):固定于所述支架(2)上,位于所述循环扁带(3)两侧,其与所述输送带(1)正上方的条形电磁铁(5)的触点(51)接触;金属探测器(7):设于所述输送带(1)的上方,且位于所述循环扁带(3)的后方;推板(8):设于所述输送带(1)的一侧,位于所述金属探测器(7)的下方,其下口紧贴所述输送带(1)的上表面;固定架(9):设于所述输送带(1)的一侧;推板驱动装置(10):设于所述固定架(9)顶部,并连接至所述推板(8)。本装置无需人工清理已经吸附的金属杂物,工作效率高。

Description

一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置 技术领域
本发明涉及一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置。
背景技术
砖厂的原料在进行制坯前需要进行粉碎作业,但是原料中经常会夹杂金属杂物,这些金属杂物如果不去除,不仅会可能对粉碎机造成损坏,而且对成砖质量也有影响。
现有的装置通过永磁铁吸附金属杂物,在吸附一段时间后,需要手动清除已经被吸附的杂物,此时就需要关停设备保证安全,耗费人力且效率低下。
发明内容
本发明目的在于:为了解决上述背景技术中的现有技术存在的问题,提供无需人工清理已经吸附的金属杂物的自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置。
本发明解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置,包括输送带,还包括:
支架:设于所述输送带两侧;
循环扁带:通过支架固定在所述输送带上方,其转动方向与所述输送带输送方向垂直,所述循环扁带的两端超出所述输送带的边缘;
驱动电机:设于所述支架上,驱动所述循环扁带转动;
条形电磁铁:有若干根,均匀的设于所述循环扁带的表面,其轴向与所述循环扁带径向平行;所述条形电磁铁两端设有触点;
电极板:固定于所述支架上,位于所述循环扁带两侧,其与所述输送带正上方的条形电磁铁的触点接触;
金属探测器:设于所述输送带的上方,且位于所述磁辊的后方;
推板:设于所述所述输送带的一侧,位于所述金属探测器的下方,其下口紧贴所述输送带的上表面;
固定架:设于所述输送带的一侧;
推板驱动装置:设于所述固定架顶部,并连接至所述推板。
进一步的:所述推板驱动装置为气缸,其供气回路上设有电磁阀,所述电磁阀电连接至所述金属探测器。
进一步的:所述推板的宽度大于所述金属探测器的宽度,且两端超出所述金属探测器的边缘。
本发明的有益效果是:
利用循环扁带带动条形电磁铁转动,当条形电磁铁转动到输送带正上方时,两端的触点与电极板接触通电产生磁性,吸附金属杂物,当当条形电磁铁转动到输送带边缘外时,触点与电极板分离,条形电磁铁失去磁性,被吸附的金属杂物自然落到输送带外侧,无需人工清理,减少人力消耗,提高工作效率。
附图说明
下面结合附图和实施例对本发明进一步说明。
图1是本发明的结构示意图;
图2是图1俯视图;
图3是图1中A-A向截面图;
图4是条形电磁铁结构示意图。
具体实施方式
现在结合附图对本发明作进一步详细的说明。这些附图均为简化的示意图, 仅以示意方式说明本发明的基本结构,因此其仅显示与本发明有关的构成。
如图1、图2、图3及图4所示,一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置,包括输送带1,还包括:支架2:设于所述输送带1两侧;循环扁带3:通过支架2固定在所述输送带上方,其转动方向与所述输送带1输送方向垂直,所述循环扁带3的两端超出所述输送带1的边缘;驱动电机4:设于所述支架2上,驱动所述循环扁带转动;条形电磁铁5:有若干根,均匀的设于所述循环扁带3的表面,其轴向与所述循环扁带3径向平行;所述条形电磁铁5两端设有触点51;电极板6:固定于所述支架2上,位于所述循环扁带3两侧,其与所述输送带1正上方的条形电磁铁5的触点51接触;金属探测器7:设于所述输送带1的上方,且位于所述磁辊3的后方;推板8:设于所述所述输送带1的一侧,位于所述金属探测器7的下方,其下口紧贴所述输送带1的上表面;固定架9:设于所述输送带1的一侧;推板驱动装置10:设于所述固定架9顶部,并连接至所述推板8。所述推板驱动装置10为气缸,其供气回路上设有电磁阀,所述电磁阀电连接至所述金属探测器7。所述推板8的宽度大于所述金属探测器7的宽度,且两端超出所述金属探测器7的边缘。
原料经输送带1输送,经过循环扁带3下方时,此时位于输送带1正上方的条形电磁铁5两端的触点51与电极板6接触,通电缠上磁性,将原料中混杂的铁磁类金属杂物吸附,当吸附金属杂物的条形电磁铁5运转到输送带1边缘外时,触点51与电极板6分离,条形电磁铁5失去磁性,被吸附的金属杂物自然落下;循环扁带3不断的循环运转,条形电磁铁5往复吸附,去除金属杂物的效果很好。
原料经过循环扁带3后,再经过金属探测器7的探测区域,部分遗漏的铁 磁类金属杂物和非铁磁类金属杂物均可被探测到,当探测到金属杂物时,传输信号给电磁阀,控制电磁阀开启,气缸运行推动推板8运动,将探测区域的原料推离输送带1,彻底清除金属杂物。
另外,我们也可以将金属探测器7与输送带1的驱动电机电连接,在检测到金属杂物时,输送带1同步停止运转,此时,循环扁带3及条形电磁铁5的存在就更有意义,毕竟经过条形电磁铁5的去除作业后,金属杂物大大减少,否则整套装置的运行效率会非常低下。
以上述依据本发明的理想实施例为启示,通过上述的说明内容,相关工作人员完全可以在不偏离本项发明技术思想的范围内,进行多样的变更以及修改。本项发明的技术性范围并不局限于说明书上的内容,必须要根据权利要求范围来确定其技术性范围。

Claims (3)

  1. 一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置,包括输送带(1),其特征在于,还包括:
    支架(2):设于所述输送带(1)两侧;
    循环扁带(3):通过支架(2)固定在所述输送带上方,其转动方向与所述输送带(1)输送方向垂直,所述循环扁带(3)的两端超出所述输送带(1)的边缘;
    驱动电机(4):设于所述支架(2)上,驱动所述循环扁带转动;
    条形电磁铁(5):有若干根,均匀的设于所述循环扁带(3)的表面,其轴向与所述循环扁带(3)径向平行;所述条形电磁铁(5)两端设有触点(51);
    电极板(6):固定于所述支架(2)上,位于所述循环扁带(3)两侧,其与所述输送带(1)正上方的条形电磁铁(5)的触点(51)接触;
    金属探测器(7):设于所述输送带(1)的上方,且位于所述磁辊(3)的后方;
    推板(8):设于所述所述输送带(1)的一侧,位于所述金属探测器(7)的下方,其下口紧贴所述输送带(1)的上表面;
    固定架(9):设于所述输送带(1)的一侧;
    推板驱动装置(10):设于所述固定架(9)顶部,并连接至所述推板(8)。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的一种砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置,其特征在于:所述推板驱动装置(10)为气缸,其供气回路上设有电磁阀,所述电磁阀电连接至所述金属探测器(7)。
  3. 根据权利要求1所述的一种砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置,其特征在于:所述推板(8)的宽度大于所述金属探测器(7)的宽度,且两端超出所述金属 探测器(7)的边缘。
PCT/CN2017/091396 2017-07-02 2017-07-02 一种自动化砖厂原料粉碎前除金属装置 WO2019006577A1 (zh)

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CN206008986U (zh) * 2016-08-24 2017-03-15 奈曼旗忠義砂产业有限公司 一种新型的磁选机

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114042746A (zh) * 2021-11-04 2022-02-15 深圳市永驰环保设备有限公司 一种自动清除土壤金属成份的环保型土壤修复装置

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