WO2018045709A1 - 一种电厂海水淡化处理装置和方法 - Google Patents

一种电厂海水淡化处理装置和方法 Download PDF

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WO2018045709A1
WO2018045709A1 PCT/CN2017/072020 CN2017072020W WO2018045709A1 WO 2018045709 A1 WO2018045709 A1 WO 2018045709A1 CN 2017072020 W CN2017072020 W CN 2017072020W WO 2018045709 A1 WO2018045709 A1 WO 2018045709A1
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seawater
heater
water
membrane distillation
tank
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PCT/CN2017/072020
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English (en)
French (fr)
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刘海洋
江澄宇
郭永红
齐勇
郭清温
夏怀祥
李叶红
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大唐环境产业集团股份有限公司
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Publication of WO2018045709A1 publication Critical patent/WO2018045709A1/zh

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/08Thin film evaporation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/08Seawater, e.g. for desalination
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • C02F2201/007Modular design
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/124Water desalination

Definitions

  • the invention relates to a power plant seawater desalination treatment device and method, and belongs to the field of energy conservation and environmental protection.
  • Coal-fired power generation in China plays an important role in energy supply.
  • coal-fired power plants In order to ensure the power generation efficiency and the normal operation of power generation equipment, coal-fired power plants usually need to use a large amount of circulating cooling water to cool the turbine exhaust steam, and the heat in the steam is brought into the atmosphere through the volatilization of water, which not only wastes a lot of waste. Heat, while consuming tens of thousands of tons of water per day, therefore, how to recycle the heat in the spent steam has always been a key research area in the field of energy conservation.
  • Membrane distillation (MD) technology is a highly efficient membrane separation technology. By controlling the temperature of wastewater, the hydrophobic microporous membrane is used as the separation medium, and the vapor pressure difference between the two sides of the membrane is the mass transfer driving force to realize the wastewater concentration and pure water.
  • MD technology has many advantages compared with the traditional membrane separation technology, such as the high retention efficiency of salt, nearly 100% retention efficiency for most non-volatile substances, and low requirements for influent water quality, operation The conditions are mild (no high-voltage equipment is required), easy operation and maintenance, membrane fouling and energy consumption are lower than conventional evaporation.
  • membrane distillation has a strong adaptability to the change of salt content in wastewater.
  • an object of the present invention is to provide a power plant desalination treatment apparatus and method.
  • a power plant desalination treatment device comprising:
  • a preheater having a seawater pipe A therein, through which the water outlet of the pretreatment device and the water inlet of the regulating tank are connected, and the exhaust steam enters the interior of the preheater;
  • a regulating tank having a heat exchanger therein, wherein the water outlet of the regulating tank is connected to the first-stage heater, the second-stage heater and the third-stage heater through the seawater pipeline B, wherein the seawater pipeline B passes through one Class heater, secondary heater and tertiary heater;
  • An intermediate pool wherein the water inlet of the intermediate pool is connected to the water outlet of the seawater pipe B after the first stage heater, the second stage heater and the third stage heater;
  • a membrane distillation apparatus wherein a water inlet of the membrane distillation apparatus is connected to a water outlet of the intermediate water tank, a water outlet of the membrane distillation apparatus is connected to a water inlet of the conditioning tank, and a water production port of the membrane distillation apparatus is connected to the water production tank.
  • top ends of the first-stage heater, the second-stage heater and the third-stage heater are respectively provided with heating steam inlets, and the bottom ends of the first-stage heaters, the second-stage heaters and the third-stage heaters are respectively provided Condensate outlet.
  • the condensate outlet of the tertiary heater is connected to the water inlet of the secondary heater, and the condensate outlet of the secondary heater is connected to the inlet of the primary heater, and the condensate of the primary heater
  • the outlet is connected to the water inlet of the heat exchanger, and the water outlet of the heat exchanger is connected to the boiler.
  • the pretreatment device is a combination of one or several of a sedimentation tank, a grease trap, an oxidation tank, a softening tank, a filter, and a biochemical pool.
  • the pretreatment device is connected to the seawater pipeline A via the water pump A;
  • the water outlet of the regulating tank is connected to the seawater pipeline B via the water pump B;
  • the water outlet of the membrane distillation device is connected to the water inlet of the regulating tank via the water pump C, and the seawater of the intermediate pool enters the membrane distillation device and the water pump C sequentially from the intermediate pool under the suction of the water pump C, and the seawater after the membrane distillation device is concentrated and treated Then, it is returned to the regulating tank under the suction of the water pump C.
  • the setting of the water pump C adopts the suction type water inlet mode; or the water pump C is disposed between the water outlet of the intermediate pool and the water inlet of the connecting membrane distillation device.
  • the setting of the water pump C is a pressure type water inlet mode.
  • the membrane distillation apparatus adopts one or a combination of a vacuum membrane distillation operation mode, an air gap membrane distillation operation mode, an air sweep membrane distillation operation mode, and a direct contact membrane distillation operation mode.
  • a method for treating seawater desalination of a power plant by using the power plant seawater desalination treatment device comprises the following steps:
  • Step 1 After the seawater is pretreated by the pretreatment device, the water pump A enters the seawater pipeline A in the preheater, and the spent steam generated by the steam turbine is passed into the preheater to heat the seawater in the seawater pipeline A, and the seawater is heated to 30. After entering the regulation tank at ⁇ 55 °C;
  • Step 2 the seawater in the regulating tank is sequentially sent to the first stage heater, the second stage heater and the third stage heater through the water pump B to be heated to 60 to 98 ° C and then enter the intermediate pool;
  • Step 3 the seawater in the intermediate pool enters the membrane distillation apparatus and the water pump C sequentially under the suction of the water pump C, and is concentrated in the membrane distillation apparatus 11; the suction water inlet method is used to reduce the membrane module.
  • the seawater pressure avoids the penetration of the hydrophobic membrane, and at the same time increases the vapor pressure difference between the membranes under the same operating conditions, which is beneficial to increase the water production flux of the membrane.
  • Step 4 the seawater concentrated by the membrane distillation device is returned to the adjustment tank under the suction of the water pump C, and the condensed water generated by the membrane distillation device is collected through the production pool, and the concentration treatment process is repeated; when the membrane distillation apparatus is When the salt content of the seawater reaches the set discharge concentration, the seawater in the membrane distillation apparatus is discharged.
  • the pretreatment is one or more of chemical bottoming, chemical oxidation, biological treatment, filtration or adsorption.
  • the treatment method for seawater desalination of the power plant is applicable to various thermal power units such as water cooling and air cooling.
  • the invention utilizes the exhaust steam to preheat the seawater, and adopts the step heating system, which can not only reduce the circulating water amount, but also recover the heat energy, and at the same time reduce the consumption of high quality steam as much as possible, and reduce the influence on the steam turbine power generation efficiency, thereby facilitating the Maximize the thermal efficiency of the entire plant.
  • FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a seawater desalination treatment device of a power plant according to the present invention
  • 1-pretreatment device 2-pump A, 3-preheater, 4-regulating tank, 5-heat exchanger, 6-pump B, 7-stage heater, 8-second heater, 9 - Three-stage heater, 10-intermediate pool, 11-membrane distillation unit, 12-water pump C, 13-water tank.
  • a power plant desalination treatment device comprising:
  • a preheater 3 having a seawater pipe A therein, through which the water outlet of the pretreatment device 1 and the water inlet of the conditioning tank 4 are connected, while the exhaust steam enters the interior of the preheater 3;
  • the adjustment tank 4 is internally provided with a heat exchanger 5, and the water outlet of the adjustment tank 4 is sequentially connected to the first stage heater 7, the second stage heater 8 and the third stage heater 9 via the seawater pipe B, wherein the seawater Pipe B sequentially passes through the primary heater 7, the secondary heater 8 and the tertiary heater 9;
  • the intermediate pool 10 the water inlet of the intermediate pool 10 is connected to the water outlet of the seawater pipe B after the primary heater 7, the secondary heater 8, and the tertiary heater 9;
  • Membrane distillation device 11 the water inlet of the membrane distillation device 11 is connected to the water outlet of the intermediate pool 10, and the water outlet of the membrane distillation device 11 is connected to the water inlet of the conditioning tank 4, the membrane distillation device 11 The water production port is connected to the production pool 13.
  • the top ends of the primary heater 7, the secondary heater 8, and the tertiary heater 9 are respectively provided with heating steam inlets, and the bottom ends of the primary heater 7, the secondary heater 8, and the tertiary heater 9 There are separate condensate outlets.
  • the condensate outlet of the tertiary heater 9 is connected to the water inlet of the secondary heater 8, and the condensate outlet of the secondary heater 8 is connected to the water inlet of the primary heater 7, the primary heater 7
  • the condensate outlet is connected to the water inlet of the heat exchanger 5, and the water outlet of the heat exchanger 5 is connected to the boiler.
  • the pretreatment device 1 is a combination of one or several of a sedimentation tank, a grease trap, an oxidation tank, a softening tank, a filter, and a biochemical pool.
  • the pretreatment device 1 is connected to the seawater pipeline A via a water pump A2;
  • the water outlet of the adjustment tank 4 is connected to the seawater pipeline B via the water pump B6;
  • the water outlet of the membrane distillation apparatus 11 is connected to the water inlet of the conditioning tank 4 via a water pump C12.
  • the membrane distillation apparatus 11 employs one or a combination of a vacuum membrane distillation operation mode, an air gap membrane distillation operation mode, an air sweep membrane distillation operation mode, and a direct contact membrane distillation operation mode.
  • the desalination treatment of the power plant desalination treatment device comprises the following steps:
  • Step 1 After the seawater is pretreated by coagulation sedimentation, softening, filtration, etc., it enters the seawater pipeline A in the preheater 3 through the water pump A2, and a part of the steam exhausted by the steam turbine is condensed through the circulating water in the condenser, and another A part of the spent steam is passed into the preheater 3 for heating the seawater in the seawater pipe A, and the condensed water generated by the condensation of the steam is reused and reused in the boiler, and the seawater is heated to 30 to 55 ° C and then enters the regulating tank 4;
  • Step 2 the seawater in the adjusting tank 4 sequentially enters the primary heater 7, the secondary heater 8 and the tertiary heater 9 through the water pump B6 and is heated to 90 ° C to enter the intermediate pool 10, wherein the first stage
  • the heater 7, the secondary heater 8, and the tertiary heater 9 are respectively a low pressure heater inlet steam (about 65 ° C) of the condensed water regenerative system, and a low pressure heater inlet steam (about 90 ° C), 6
  • the low-pressure heater inlet steam (106 ° C) is heated steam; the condensed water generated in the tertiary heater 9 is returned to the secondary heater 8, and the residual heat is further utilized, and the condensed water generated in the secondary heater 9 is returned to the first In the stage heater 8, further, the condensed water generated in the primary heater 8 is returned to the heat exchanger 5 for further utilization to improve the overall system thermal efficiency.
  • Step 3 the seawater of the intermediate pool 10 is sequentially introduced into the membrane distillation apparatus 11 and the water pump C12 from the intermediate pool 10 by the suction of the water pump C12, and is concentrated in the membrane distillation apparatus 11 at the same time.
  • Step 4 the seawater concentrated by the membrane distillation apparatus 11 is returned to the adjustment tank 4 by the suction of the water pump C12, and the condensed water produced by the membrane distillation apparatus 11 is collected through the production tank 13 and used for production inside and outside the power plant. Life, repeat the process of concentration.
  • the salt content of seawater in the membrane distillation apparatus 11 reaches 20%, the seawater discharged is further processed to complete seawater desalination.
  • the water pump C12 may be disposed at the water inlet end of the membrane distillation apparatus 11, that is, a pressure type water inlet method.
  • the main purpose of the pretreatment is to meet the influent requirements of subsequent heating and membrane distillation treatments, and may be one or more of chemical bottoming, chemical oxidation, biological treatment, filtration or adsorption.

Abstract

一种电厂海水淡化处理装置,包括:预处理装置(1);预热器(3),其内设有海水管道A,通过海水管道A连接预处理装置(1)和调节池(4),同时乏汽通入预热器(3)内部;调节池(4),其内部设有换热器(5),调节池(4)的出水口经海水管道B依次连接一级加热器(7)、二级加热器(8)和三级加热器(9);中间水池(10),其连接海水管道B的出水口;膜蒸馏装置(11),其进水口连接中间水池(10)的出水口,膜蒸馏装置(11)的出水口连接调节池(4)的进水口,膜蒸馏装置(11)的产水口连接产水池(13)。还公开了一种利用电厂海水淡化处理装置进行电厂海水淡化的处理方法。

Description

一种电厂海水淡化处理装置和方法 技术领域
本发明涉及一种电厂海水淡化处理装置和方法,属于节能环保领域。
背景技术
在我国燃煤发电在能源供给中占有重要地位。为了保证发电效率和发电设备的正常运行,燃煤电厂中通常需要使用大量的循环冷却水对汽轮机乏汽进行冷却,通过水的挥发将乏汽中的热量带入大气中,这不仅浪费大量的热量,同时每天消耗上万吨的水资源,因此,如何回收利用乏汽中的热量,一直是节能领域重点研究领域。
膜蒸馏(MD)技术是一种高效的膜分离技术,是通过控制废水温度,以疏水性微孔膜为分离介质,以膜两侧蒸汽压差为传质推动力,实现废水浓缩和纯水回收的过程,MD技术与传统膜分离技术相比具有众多优点,如对盐的截留效率极高,对绝大多数非挥发性物质具有近100%截留效率,以及对进水水质要求低、操作条件温和(不需要高压设备)、运行维护方便、不容易发生膜污染和能耗比传统蒸发低等。此外,膜蒸馏对废水中含盐量变化适应性强,理论上只要溶质不饱和析出,膜组件都可以正常运行。因此,采用膜蒸馏工艺进行海水淡化受到很多学者的重视。由于膜蒸馏需要对原水进行加热,因此能耗相对较高,这也是限制MD工艺大规模应用的重要因素之一。
因此,在能源和水资源日趋紧张的今天,为了减少甚至避免大量使用循环水,同时回收能源,开发经济高效的热能回收和海水淡化工艺具有重要意义。
发明内容
为解决上述问题,本发明的目的在于提供一种电厂海水淡化处理装置和方法。
本发明的目的是通过以下技术方案实现的:
一种电厂海水淡化处理装置,包括:
预处理装置,用于对海水进行预处理;
预热器,其内设有海水管道A,通过所述海水管道A连接预处理装置的出水口和调节池的进水口,同时乏汽通入所述预热器内部;
调节池,其内部设有换热器,所述调节池的出水口经海水管道B依次连接一级加热器、二级加热器和三级加热器,其中,所述海水管道B依次穿过一级加热器、二级加热器和三级加热器;
中间水池,所述中间水池的进水口在一级加热器、二级加热器和三级加热器后连接所述海水管道B的出水口;
膜蒸馏装置,所述膜蒸馏装置的进水口连接所述中间水池的出水口,所述膜蒸馏装置的出水口连接所述调节池的进水口,所述膜蒸馏装置的产水口连接产水池。
进一步的,所述一级加热器、二级加热器和三级加热器的顶端分别设有加热蒸汽入口,所述一级加热器、二级加热器和三级加热器的底端分别设有冷凝水出口。
进一步的,所述三级加热器的冷凝水出口连接二级加热器的进水口,所述二级加热器的冷凝水出口连接一级加热器的进水口,所述一级加热器的冷凝水出口连接所述换热器的进水口,所述换热器的出水口连接锅炉。
进一步的,所述预处理装置为沉淀池、隔油池、氧化池、软化池、过滤器、生化池的一种或几种的联合。
进一步的,所述预处理装置经水泵A连接海水管道A;
所述调节池的出水口经水泵B连接海水管道B;
所述膜蒸馏装置的出水口经水泵C连接调节池的进水口,中间水池的海水在水泵C的抽吸作用下由中间水池依次进入膜蒸馏装置和水泵C,膜蒸馏装置浓缩处理后的海水再在水泵C的抽吸作用下回流到调节池中,此时水泵C的设置采取的为吸入式进水方式;或水泵C设置在中间水池的出水口与连接膜蒸馏装置的进水口之间,此时水泵C的设置采取的为压力式进水方式。
进一步的,所述膜蒸馏装置采用真空膜蒸馏运行方式、气隙式膜蒸馏运行方式、气扫式膜蒸馏运行方式、直接接触式膜蒸馏运行方式的一种或几种的组合。
一种利用所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置进行电厂海水淡化的处理方法,包括以下步骤:
步骤1,海水经预处理装置预处理后,通过水泵A进入预热器内的海水管道A,汽轮机发电后的乏汽通入预热器用来加热海水管道A内的海水,海水被加热至30~55℃后进入调节池;
步骤2,所述调节池内的海水经水泵B依次进入一级加热器、二级加热器和三级加热器被加热至60~98℃后进入中间水池;
步骤3,中间水池的海水在水泵C的抽吸作用下依次进入膜蒸馏装置和水泵C,同时在膜蒸馏装置11内进行浓缩处理;采用此种吸入式进水方式,有利于降低膜组件内的海水压力,避免疏水膜发生穿透,同时可以在同等操作条件下增大膜两侧蒸汽压差,有利于提高膜的产水通量。
步骤4,经膜蒸馏装置浓缩处理后的海水再在水泵C的抽吸作用下回流到调节池中,膜蒸馏装置产生的冷凝水通过产水池收集,重复浓缩处理过程;当膜蒸馏装置内的海水含盐量达到设定的排放浓度时,将膜蒸馏装置内的海水排出。
所述预处理为化学沉底、化学氧化、生物处理、过滤或吸附的一种或几种。
所述的电厂海水淡化的处理方法适用于水冷、空冷等各种火电机组。
本发明的有益效果为:
本发明利用乏汽对海水进行预热,同时采用梯级加热系统,不仅可以降低循环水用量,回收热能,同时可以尽可能降低对高品质蒸汽的消耗,减少对汽轮机发电效率的影响,因此有利于实现整个电厂的热效率最大化。
附图说明
图1为本实用新型所述电厂海水淡化处理装置的结构示意图;
其中,1-预处理装置,2-水泵A,3-预热器,4-调节池,5-换热器,6-水泵B,7-一级加热器,8-二级加热器,9-三级加热器,10-中间水池,11-膜蒸馏装置,12-水泵C,13-产水池。
具体实施方式
为了使本发明的目的、技术方案及优点更加清楚明白,以下结合附图及实施例,对本发明进行进一步详细说明。应当理解,此处所描述的具体实施例仅用以解释本发明,并不用于限定本发明。
一种电厂海水淡化处理装置,包括:
预处理装置1,用于对海水进行预处理;
预热器3,其内设有海水管道A,通过所述海水管道A连接预处理装置1的出水口和调节池4的进水口,同时乏汽通入所述预热器3内部;
调节池4,其内部设有换热器5,所述调节池4的出水口经海水管道B依次连接一级加热器7、二级加热器8和三级加热器9,其中,所述海水管道B依次穿过一级加热器7、二级加热器8和三级加热器9;
中间水池10,所述中间水池10的进水口在一级加热器7、二级加热器8和三级加热器9后连接所述海水管道B的出水口;
膜蒸馏装置11,所述膜蒸馏装置11的进水口连接所述中间水池10的出水口,所述膜蒸馏装置11的出水口连接所述调节池4的进水口,所述膜蒸馏装置11的产水口连接产水池13。
所述一级加热器7、二级加热器8和三级加热器9的顶端分别设有加热蒸汽入口,所述一级加热器7、二级加热器8和三级加热器9的底端分别设有冷凝水出口。
所述三级加热器9的冷凝水出口连接二级加热器8的进水口,所述二级加热器8的冷凝水出口连接一级加热器7的进水口,所述一级加热器7的冷凝水出口连接所述换热器5的进水口,所述换热器5的出水口连接锅炉。
所述预处理装置1为沉淀池、隔油池、氧化池、软化池、过滤器、生化池的一种或几种的联合。
所述预处理装置1经水泵A2连接海水管道A;
所述调节池4的出水口经水泵B6连接海水管道B;
所述膜蒸馏装置11的出水口经水泵C12连接调节池4的进水口。
所述膜蒸馏装置11采用真空膜蒸馏运行方式、气隙式膜蒸馏运行方式、气扫式膜蒸馏运行方式、直接接触式膜蒸馏运行方式的一种或几种的组合。
以某沿海燃煤电厂,以海水为处理对象,通过本发明所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置进行海水淡化处理,包括以下步骤:
步骤1,海水经混凝沉淀、软化、过滤等预处理后,通过水泵A2进入预热器3内的海水管道A,汽轮机发电后的乏汽一部分通过凝汽器中的循环水进行冷凝,另一部分乏汽通入预热器3用来加热海水管道A内的海水,乏汽冷凝产生的冷凝水经过适当处理后回用到锅炉中,海水被加热至30~55℃后进入调节池4;
步骤2,所述调节池4内的海水经水泵B6依次进入一级加热器7、二级加热器8和三级加热器9被加热至90℃后进入中间水池10,其中,所述一级加热器7、二级加热器8、三级加热器9分别以冷凝水回热系统的8号低压加热器入口蒸汽(约65℃)、7号低压加热器入口蒸汽(约90℃)、6号低压加热器入口蒸汽(106℃)为加热蒸汽;三级加热器9中产生的冷凝水回流至二级加热器8中,进一步利用余热,二级加热器9中产生的冷凝水回流至一级加热器8中,进一步利用,一级加热器8中产生的冷凝水回流至换热器5,进一步利用,以提高整个系统热效率。
步骤3,中间水池10的海水在水泵C12的抽吸作用下由中间水池10依次进入膜蒸馏装置11和水泵C12,同时在膜蒸馏装置11内进行浓缩处理
步骤4,经膜蒸馏装置11浓缩处理后的海水再在水泵C12的抽吸作用下回流到调节池4中,膜蒸馏装置11产生的冷凝水通过产水池13收集,回用于电厂内外生产和生活,重复浓缩处理过程。当膜蒸馏装置11内的海水含盐量达到20%时,排出海水进一步处理完成海水淡化。
本发明中,也可将水泵C12设置在膜蒸馏装置11的进水端,即采用压力式进水方式。
所述预处理的主要目的是满足后续加热和膜蒸馏处理的进水要求,可为化学沉底、化学氧化、生物处理、过滤或吸附的一种或几种。
以上所述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不用于限制本发明,对于本领域的技术人员来说,本发明可以有各种更改和变化。凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。

Claims (8)

  1. 一种电厂海水淡化处理装置,其特征在于,包括:
    预处理装置(1),用于对海水进行预处理;
    预热器(3),其内设有海水管道A,通过所述海水管道A连接预处理装置(1)的出水口和调节池(4)的进水口,同时乏汽通入所述预热器(3)内部;
    调节池(4),其内部设有换热器(5),所述调节池(4)的出水口经海水管道B依次连接一级加热器(7)、二级加热器(8)和三级加热器(9),其中,所述海水管道B依次穿过一级加热器(7)、二级加热器(8)和三级加热器(9);
    中间水池(10),所述中间水池(10)的进水口在一级加热器(7)、二级加热器(8)和三级加热器(9)后连接所述海水管道B的出水口;
    膜蒸馏装置(11),所述膜蒸馏装置(11)的进水口连接所述中间水池(10)的出水口,所述膜蒸馏装置(11)的出水口连接所述调节池(4)的进水口,所述膜蒸馏装置(11)的产水口连接产水池(13)。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置,其特征在于,所述一级加热器(7)、二级加热器(8)和三级加热器(9)的顶端分别设有加热蒸汽入口,所述一级加热器(7)、二级加热器(8)和三级加热器(9)的底端分别设有冷凝水出口。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置,其特征在于,所述三级加热器(9)的冷凝水出口连接二级加热器(8)的进水口,所述二级加热器(8)的冷凝水出口连接一级加热器(7)的进水口,所述一级加热器(7)的冷凝水出口连接所述换热器(5)的进水口,所述换热器(5)的出水口连接锅炉。
  4. 根据权利要求1所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置,其特征在于,所述预处理装置(1)为沉淀池、隔油池、氧化池、软化池、过滤器、生化池的一种或几种的联合。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置,其特征在于,
    所述预处理装置(1)经水泵A(2)连接海水管道A;
    所述调节池(4)的出水口经水泵B(6)连接海水管道B;
    所述膜蒸馏装置(11)的出水口经水泵C(12)连接调节池(4)的进水口或水泵C(12)设置在中间水池(10)的出水口与膜蒸馏装置(11)的进水口之间。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置,其特征在于,所述膜蒸馏装置(11)采用真空膜蒸馏运行方式、气隙式膜蒸馏运行方式、气扫式膜蒸馏运行方式、直接接触式膜蒸馏运行方式的一种或几种的组合。
  7. 一种利用以上任一项权利要求所述的电厂海水淡化处理装置进行电厂海水淡化的处理方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:
    步骤1,海水经预处理装置(1)预处理后,通过水泵A(2)进入预热器(3)内的海水管道A,汽轮机发电后的乏汽通入预热器(3)用来加热海水管道A内的海水,海水被加热至30~55℃后进入调节池(4);
    步骤2,所述调节池(4)内的海水经水泵B(6)依次进入一级加热器(7)、二级加热器(8)和三级加热器(9)被加热至60~98℃后进入中间水池(10);
    步骤3,中间水池(10)的海水在水泵C(12)的抽吸作用下由中间水池(10)依次进入膜蒸馏装置(11)和水泵C(12),同时在膜蒸馏装置(11)内进行浓缩处理;
    步骤4,经膜蒸馏装置(11)浓缩处理后的海水在水泵C(12)的抽吸作用下回流到调节池(4)中,重复浓缩处理过程,膜蒸馏装置(11)产生的冷凝水通过产水池(13)收集;当膜蒸馏装置(11)内的海水含盐量达到设定的排放浓度时,将膜蒸馏装置(11)内的海水排出。
  8. 根据权利要求7所述的电厂海水淡化的处理方法,其特征在于,所述预处理为化学沉底、化学氧化、生物处理、过滤或吸附的一种或几种。
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