WO2017008628A1 - 空气净化器 - Google Patents

空气净化器 Download PDF

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Publication number
WO2017008628A1
WO2017008628A1 PCT/CN2016/087446 CN2016087446W WO2017008628A1 WO 2017008628 A1 WO2017008628 A1 WO 2017008628A1 CN 2016087446 W CN2016087446 W CN 2016087446W WO 2017008628 A1 WO2017008628 A1 WO 2017008628A1
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WO
WIPO (PCT)
Prior art keywords
water
flower pot
air
air purifier
water tank
Prior art date
Application number
PCT/CN2016/087446
Other languages
English (en)
French (fr)
Inventor
陈卓全
Original Assignee
广州幸福森林环境科技有限公司
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 广州幸福森林环境科技有限公司 filed Critical 广州幸福森林环境科技有限公司
Priority to US15/744,070 priority Critical patent/US10441916B2/en
Priority to SG11201801238QA priority patent/SG11201801238QA/en
Publication of WO2017008628A1 publication Critical patent/WO2017008628A1/zh

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/1425Regeneration of liquid absorbents
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G27/00Self-acting watering devices, e.g. for flower-pots
    • A01G27/005Reservoirs connected to flower-pots through conduits
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L9/00Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L9/16Disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air using physical phenomena
    • A61L9/18Radiation
    • A61L9/20Ultra-violet radiation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/0027Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with additional separating or treating functions
    • B01D46/0036Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with additional separating or treating functions by adsorption or absorption
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/10Particle separators, e.g. dust precipitators, using filter plates, sheets or pads having plane surfaces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • B01D46/56Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition
    • B01D46/62Filters or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours with multiple filtering elements, characterised by their mutual disposition connected in series
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/02Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath
    • B01D47/022Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent by passing the gas or air or vapour over or through a liquid bath by using a liquid curtain
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    • B01D53/1412Controlling the absorption process
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    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/1487Removing organic compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used
    • C02F3/348Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used characterised by the way or the form in which the microorganisms are added or dosed
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M37/00Means for sterilizing, maintaining sterile conditions or avoiding chemical or biological contamination
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    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
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    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/30Control or safety arrangements for purposes related to the operation of the system, e.g. for safety or monitoring
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
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    • F24F11/70Control systems characterised by their outputs; Constructional details thereof
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
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    • F24F11/00Control or safety arrangements
    • F24F11/89Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/08Air-flow control members, e.g. louvres, grilles, flaps or guide plates
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F13/00Details common to, or for air-conditioning, air-humidification, ventilation or use of air currents for screening
    • F24F13/28Arrangement or mounting of filters
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F2110/00Control inputs relating to air properties
    • F24F2110/50Air quality properties
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/175Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering using biological materials, plants or microorganisms
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/10Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering
    • F24F8/192Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by separation, e.g. by filtering by electrical means, e.g. by applying electrostatic fields or high voltages
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
    • F24F8/00Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying
    • F24F8/20Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation
    • F24F8/22Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using UV light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24FAIR-CONDITIONING; AIR-HUMIDIFICATION; VENTILATION; USE OF AIR CURRENTS FOR SCREENING
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    • F24F8/90Cleaning of purification apparatus
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    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
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    • A61L2209/111Sensor means, e.g. motion, brightness, scent, contaminant sensors
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    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
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    • A61L2209/13Dispensing or storing means for active compounds
    • A61L2209/134Distributing means, e.g. baffles, valves, manifolds, nozzles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
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    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2209/00Aspects relating to disinfection, sterilisation or deodorisation of air
    • A61L2209/10Apparatus features
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    • B01D2252/00Absorbents, i.e. solvents and liquid materials for gas absorption
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    • B01D2252/103Water
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    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
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    • B01D2257/70Organic compounds not provided for in groups B01D2257/00 - B01D2257/602
    • B01D2257/708Volatile organic compounds V.O.C.'s
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    • B01D2258/06Polluted air
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    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
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    • B01D2259/80Employing electric, magnetic, electromagnetic or wave energy, or particle radiation
    • B01D2259/804UV light
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/1493Selection of liquid materials for use as absorbents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
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    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/14Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by absorption
    • B01D53/18Absorbing units; Liquid distributors therefor
    • B01D53/185Liquid distributors
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/18Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from the purification of gaseous effluents
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
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    • F24F8/24Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media
    • F24F8/26Treatment, e.g. purification, of air supplied to human living or working spaces otherwise than by heating, cooling, humidifying or drying by sterilisation using sterilising media using ozone
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
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    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
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Definitions

  • the invention relates to the field of air purification, in particular to air purifiers.
  • the purification methods of air purifiers on the market mainly include chemical reaction method, physical adsorption technology, ozone negative ion technology, nano photocatalysis technology, low temperature plasma technology, plant purification and biodegradation, etc.
  • Most air purifiers need to be replaced periodically. The setup results in expensive maintenance.
  • Most mechanical purifiers only filter dust from the air and cannot effectively remove VOCs.
  • the plant air purifier utilizes the roots, stems and leaves of the plant to absorb and degrade the VOCs in the air to purify the air, such as the plant air purifier and its system disclosed in Chinese Patent No. ZL201310214831.4, such a class
  • the plant body is the core system of air purification.
  • Microbial purification of air is mainly to use the assimilation of a widely distributed, highly metabolic, fast-growing microbial population to degrade VOCs in the air to purify the air.
  • formaldehyde removal air is disclosed in Chinese Patent Application No. 201410607342.X. Purifiers, but microorganisms are prone to death and need to be replenished frequently, which is cumbersome to use and costly.
  • the Chinese patent No. ZL201420592198.2 discloses an indoor air purifier, which is provided with a biological purification layer and a plant planting position, and the plant roots are immersed under the water surface of the water tank to make the roots of the plant symbiosis with the microorganisms in the water, and at the same time utilize The purification of plants and microorganisms, and the establishment of a complete ecosystem, to ensure the growth of plants and long-term survival of microorganisms, efficient removal of dust and VOCs, but the roots of the technology plant extends into the water tank of the tank to ensure the plants Symbiosis with microorganisms, this structure has certain restrictions on the water level, the water level can not be too low, the plant roots are located in the water tank, and the roots with mud, broken or fallen roots are in the water tank, which will affect the water circulation and affect the purification effect.
  • the object of the present invention is to provide an air purifier which is simple in structure, compact, easy to operate, can effectively remove indoor dust and VOCs, has high purification efficiency and is green and environmentally friendly.
  • the air purifier includes a casing having an air inlet and an air outlet, the air purifier further includes a control system, and an ecological purification system and a filtering system connected to the control system; the water of the ecological purification system flows through the filtering system, and The dust and VOCs adsorbed on the filtration system are brought into the ecological purification system for purification, wherein the ecological purification system comprises a flowerpot assembly capable of planting plants, a microbial box capable of containing microorganisms, and a water storage device capable of storing water.
  • the water tank and the flower pot assembly include a flower pot, and the water pot has a water inlet and a water outlet.
  • the ecological purification system has the following water circulation: the water in the water tank enters the flower pot through the water inlet of the flower pot, and the water level in the flower pot is high. At the water outlet of the flower pot, the water passes through the water outlet of the flower pot, flows through the microbial box, and then enters the water tank.
  • the filtration system includes a filtration layer including a primary filtration layer sequentially disposed between the air inlet and the air outlet, a secondary filtration layer capable of adsorbing dust, and capable of adsorbing VOCs and dust
  • the water curtain, the two ends of the water curtain are respectively electrically connected to the water outlet of the flower pot and the microbial box.
  • the ecological purification system further includes a water separator assembly disposed between the flower pot and the water curtain, the water separator assembly having at least one water outlet and at least one water inlet, and a water inlet of the water separator assembly
  • the water outlet of the flower pot is turned on, and the water outlet of the water separator assembly is electrically connected to the water curtain.
  • the microbial cassette is provided with a filler capable of adsorbing dust, VOCs and microorganisms.
  • a drain port is arranged at the bottom of the water tank, and the sealing member is detachably connected to the drain port.
  • the water curtain is made of a water absorbing material and/or an antibacterial material, preferably a structure in which a water absorbing material and/or an antibacterial material are folded.
  • the ecological purification system also includes a water pump coupled to the control system, and a suction pipe assembly coupled to the water pump for introducing water from the water tank into the water inlet of the flower pot.
  • the flower pot is further provided with an overflow port higher than the water outlet of the flower pot, and the ecological purification system further comprises an overflow port connected to the flower pot to enable the water level in the flower pot to be higher than the overflow port When excess water is introduced into the return line assembly of the tank.
  • the air purifier also includes a monitor coupled to the control system for monitoring air quality.
  • the control system includes a circuit board, function buttons, and a display screen.
  • the water outlet of the flower pot is provided with a first filter screen capable of preventing plant roots from blocking the water outlet of the flower pot.
  • the control system includes a dump switch that is capable of automatically shutting off power when the air purifier is dumped.
  • the filtration system further includes a fan device coupled to the control system, the fan device including a wind wheel, a motor capable of driving the wind wheel, and an air duct guiding the wind caused by the rotation of the wind wheel to the air outlet.
  • the air purifier further includes an ultraviolet lamp set disposed between the wind wheel and the air outlet Pieces.
  • the flowerpot assembly further includes a flower pot holder for supporting the flower pot, a flower pot seal for sealing the flower pot and the flower pot holder, and a flower pot cover for closing the flower pot.
  • the water tank is provided with a water tank partition for sealing the water tank to prevent water in the water tank from overflowing when the air purifier is dumped, and the water tank partition is disposed inside the water tank or at the top of the water tank, and is sealingly connected with the water tank.
  • the air purifier is further provided with a water adding port capable of adding water from the outside, and a second filter net is disposed on the water adding port; the water adding port is directly connected to the water tank through the water pipe assembly, or the water adding port is disposed on the flower pot, The water inlet is connected to the water tank through the connection of the water supply port and the water tank.
  • a water level sensor connected to the control system is disposed in the water tank.
  • the flower pot is a conical flower pot; the flower pot is located above the air outlet, and the purified air coming out from the air outlet can be blown upward to the bottom and/or outer surface of the flower pot, so that the purified air is hindered from being transformed.
  • the wind direction forms a turbulent flow.
  • An air outlet cover is disposed on the air outlet, and a plurality of vents distributed in a dot shape are disposed on the air outlet cover, and the purified air flowing out of the air vent can be blown to the bottom and/or outer surface of the flower pot, The position of the vents is different, and the wind direction is different after being blocked. The airflow in all directions thus forms turbulence and accelerates the indoor air flow.
  • the microorganism includes at least one microorganism capable of degrading VOCs.
  • the microorganism includes one or more of Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Streptomyces, Mucor, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus, and Alternaria.
  • the microorganism is a complex of Pseudomonas and other microbial populations; other microbial populations may be Bacillus, Streptomyces, Mucor, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus, and Alternaria.
  • the data sensed by the dust and/or VOCs sensor assembly can be displayed on the display; the dust and/or VOCs sensor assembly can also be connected to an alarm device, and the monitored data exceeds a predetermined value. At the threshold, an alarm is issued.
  • the invention has the advantages that the air purifier of the invention has the advantages of simple and compact structure and simple operation, and the flower pot assembly, the microbial box and the water tank are arranged in sequence, which can effectively avoid the problem that the root of the plant is present in the water tank and the water circulation is not smooth, and Smooth water circulation, microbes and plant roots symbiosis, on the one hand to establish a complete ecosystem, which is conducive to healthy plant growth, long-term survival of microorganisms, on the other hand the use of microorganisms, plants and efficient removal of dust and VOCs, mainly through plants and
  • the ecological purification system composed of microorganisms purifies the air, effectively removes dust and VOCs, has high air purification efficiency, and is environmentally friendly.
  • planting plants When used indoors, planting plants can not only increase indoor air oxygen content, absorb VOCs, purify dust, and utilize microorganisms.
  • the ability to decompose VOCs can also effectively remove indoor dust and VOCs, and can purify the air while conserving flowers and conserve resources.
  • Figure 1 is a schematic view showing the structure of an air cleaner of the present invention
  • Figure 2 is a cross-sectional view taken along line A-A of Figure 1;
  • 1-shell 101-air inlet, 102-air outlet, 2-control system, 201-circuit board, 202-function button, 203-display, 301-pot component, 3011-pot, 30111- Water outlet of flower pot, 3012-pot holder, 3013-pot seal ring, 3014-flower pot cover, 302-microbial box, 303-water tank, 3031-sealing piece, 304-water separator assembly, 306-suction pipe Assembly, 4-filter system, 401-filter layer, 4011-primary filter layer, 4012-second filter layer, 4013-water curtain, 402-fan device, 4021-wind wheel, 4022-motor, 4023-duct pipe, 5 - UV lamp assembly.
  • the air purifier of the present invention includes a housing 1, a control system 2, and An ecological purification system and a filtration system 4 connected to the control system 2, the casing 1 is provided with an air inlet 101 and an air outlet 102, the water of the ecological purification system flows through the filtration system 4, and the dust and VOCs adsorbed on the filtration system 4 are carried.
  • the ecological purification system comprises a plantable flowerpot assembly 301, a microbial cassette 302 capable of containing microorganisms, and a water tank 303 capable of storing water
  • the flowerpot assembly 301 comprises a flower pot 3011, a flower pot
  • the ecological purification system has the following water circulation: the water in the water tank 303 enters the flower pot 3011 through the water inlet of the flower pot 3011, and the water level in the flower pot 3011 is higher than the water outlet 30111 of the flower pot.
  • the water passes through the water outlet 30111 of the flower pot, flows through the microbial box, and then enters the water tank 303.
  • the air purifier has a simple and compact structure, and the flower pot assembly 301, the microbial box 302 and the water tank 303 are sequentially arranged, which can effectively prevent the plant roots from entering the water tank and causing the water circulation passage to be blocked, thereby ensuring that the dust, VOCs and microorganisms can smoothly enter the water circulation.
  • microorganisms can enter the pots and symbiosis with the roots of the plants.
  • the dust can enter the pots and be absorbed by the roots of the plants.
  • the microorganisms can degrade VOCs throughout the water cycle, effectively removing dust and VOCs, high purification efficiency, water inlet and water outlet on the flower pot, without additional structure, can ensure the internal circulation of water inside the air purifier, easy to use, can be directly watered by the pot, Replenish water and microbes required for water circulation, or supplement water to the water tank by other means, supplement microbes with microbial boxes, use water to purify the air inside the air purifier, and use the ecosystem to purify the air and be green.
  • a separate water tank 303 can be provided, and no separate water tank 303 can be provided.
  • the flower pot 3011 is used as a flower pot for planting and a water tank for water storage.
  • the microorganisms in the microbial cassette 302 can flow through the flower pot under the circulation of the water, and coexist with the plants grown in the flower pot, and the air enters from the air inlet 101 provided in the casing 1 through
  • the dust and VOCs adhere to the filtration system 4.
  • the dust and VOCs enter the ecological purification system, the microorganisms purify the VOCs, and the plant roots absorb the dust.
  • the plants can also absorb part of the VOCs, and the purified air is discharged to the air purifier through the air outlet 102.
  • the filter system 4 includes a filter layer 401 including a primary filter layer 4011 disposed between the air inlet 101 and the air outlet 102, a secondary filter layer 4012 capable of adsorbing dust, and a water curtain 4013 capable of adsorbing VOCs and dust. Both ends of the water curtain 4013 are electrically connected to the water outlet 30111 of the flower pot and the microbial cassette 302, respectively.
  • the primary filter layer 4011 can block large impurities such as animal hair in the air from entering the air purifier and prevent the air purifier from being clogged
  • the secondary filter layer 4012 can block large particles of dust, pollen and the like from entering the air purifier, and the water curtain 4013 can be adsorbed.
  • Smaller size dust (eg PM2.5) and VOCs under the action of three layers of filter layer, can ensure that dust and VOCs in the air can smoothly enter the air purifier for purification, and can reduce the cleaning strength to prevent the air purifier.
  • the air flow passage and the water circulation passage are blocked, and the water curtain can guide the water outlet 30111 of the flower pot to flow out the dust and VOCs carried out therefrom, and introduce the water with the dust and VOCs into the microbial box 302.
  • the flowerpot assembly 301 is located above the water curtain 4013, and the microbial cartridge 302 is located below the water curtain 4013.
  • Such a structure can make the structure more compact on the one hand, and the flowerpot 3011 in the flowerpot assembly 301 is located above the basin.
  • the water curtain 4013 is made of a water absorbing material and/or an antibacterial material.
  • the water curtain 4013 adopts a water absorbing and antibacterial microporous material, the water absorbing material is easy to adhere to dust and VOCs, the antibacterial material is not easy to adhere to microorganisms, and the microorganism can be quickly circulated, and can coexist with plants in water.
  • the water curtain is formed by folding the water absorbing material and/or the antibacterial material to increase the surface area and making contact with the air. The product is larger, which is more conducive to the adhesion of dust and VOCs and improves purification efficiency.
  • the ecological purification system further includes a water separator assembly 304 disposed between the flower pot 3011 and the water curtain 4013, the water separator assembly 304 having at least one water outlet and at least one water inlet, the water inlet of the water separator assembly 304 and The water outlet 30111 of the flower pot is turned on, and the water outlet of the water separator assembly 304 is electrically connected to the water curtain 4013; the water separator assembly 304 is arranged to guide the water circulation passage, so that the water flowing out of the flower pot uniformly passes through the water curtain.
  • the dust and VOCs attached to the water curtain are effectively carried into the microbial cassette 302.
  • the microbial cassette 302 is provided with a filler capable of adsorbing dust, VOCs and microorganisms, and the microorganism may be added thereto during use, and the added microorganism includes at least one microorganism capable of degrading VOCs, such as microorganisms being pseudomonas and other microbial populations.
  • the complex; other microbial populations may be Bacillus, Streptomyces, Mucor, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Rhizopus, and Alternaria.
  • the addition of fillers is beneficial to the adsorption of microorganisms, dust and VOCs, where microorganisms can decompose more dust and degrade VOCs.
  • the microorganisms in the microbial cassette 302 can also be immobilized in the filler, so that a certain amount of microorganisms can be maintained in the microbial cassette 302, the purification process mainly occurs in the microbial cassette 302, and a small part of the microorganisms that escape, which circulates with the water cycle.
  • the air is purified in water curtains, water tanks and flower pots; the immobilization of microorganisms can be carried out by embedding method, using sodium alginate and calcium chloride to form a microporous gel, and the pollutants enter the gel through micropores and are purified by microorganisms. .
  • a drain port is provided at the bottom of the water tank 303, and the sealing member 3031 is detachably connected to the drain port so as to conveniently drain the water in the water tank 303 as needed.
  • the water tank 303 is provided with a water tank partition for sealing the water tank to prevent the water in the water tank 303 from overflowing when the air purifier is dumped.
  • the water tank partition is disposed inside the water tank 303 or at the top of the water tank 303, and is sealingly connected with the water tank 303. It can prevent water from rushing to power equipment such as controllers and fans during the process of adding water or water to prevent internal structure corrosion and prevent the air purifier from falling.
  • the water in the water tank 303 overflows, and the internal structure of the air purifier is protected to ensure safe use.
  • the ecological purification system further includes a water pump connected to the control system 2, and a suction pipe assembly 306 connected to the water pump for introducing water from the water tank 303 into the water inlet of the flower pot 3011.
  • the water in the water tank 303 can Under the action of the water pump, the water pipe assembly 306 enters the flower pot assembly 301, and the water is returned to the water tank through the flower pot assembly 301 and then through the microbial box 302.
  • the air purifier the internal circulation of water is formed, which can save water and microorganisms.
  • the microorganisms in the cartridge 302 can be circulated through the water, and the air purification process can be performed in the flowerpot assembly 301, the microbial cartridge 302, the water tank 303, and the water curtain 4013 (if there is a structure in which the water curtain 4013 is provided), and the purification process is: water curtain 4013
  • the dust and VOCs in the air are trapped. Under the action of water, the dust and VOCs enter the microbial box 302, the dust is adsorbed on the biological purification layer 301, the VOCs are purified in the microbial box 302, and the dust is passed through the water circulation into the flowerpot group 301 pieces by the plant roots. Absorbing and utilizing, in addition, the microorganisms in the flowerpot assembly 301, the water curtain 4013 and the water tank 303 can purify a portion of the VOCs during the water circulation.
  • the filter system 4 further includes a fan unit 402 connected to the control system 2.
  • the fan unit 402 includes a wind wheel 4021, a motor 4022 capable of driving the wind wheel 4021, and an air duct 4023 for guiding the wind caused by the rotation of the wind wheel to the air outlet 102. It can accelerate air flow and improve purification efficiency.
  • the water curtain 4013 has a foldable design, and the airflow needs to pass through the flow, which greatly increases the contact and exchange area between the polluted air and moisture.
  • the pressure of the air is reduced after passing through the water curtain, and a pressure difference is formed before and after the water curtain, so that the water molecules rapidly evaporate in the folded layer of the water curtain to form an aerosol group, and the pollutants are aerosolized.
  • the package when the water of the water separator passes through the water curtain, is carried into the microbial box 302 by the water flow, and organic pollutants such as formaldehyde and benzene are decomposed into carbon dioxide and water by microorganisms, and the carbon dioxide can be absorbed by the plant leaves and converted into photosynthesis after being introduced into the air.
  • Oxygen while nitrates, sulfates, ammonium salts, sodium salts, etc. in dust/particulate matter (PM2.5) enter the pot through the water circulation system, and are rooted by plants.
  • the Department absorbs and uses.
  • the air purifier further includes an ultraviolet lamp assembly 5 disposed between the wind wheel 4021 and the air outlet 102 to generate ultraviolet sterilization microorganisms.
  • the ultraviolet lamp is disposed at a position opposite to the air inlet of the wind wheel, wherein the wind wheel 4021 can be a turbo exhaust fan, because the air inlet of the turbo fan is relatively small, so that the ultraviolet light can be concentrated on the one hand, and the area is not required to be too large. Irradiation, too much power is not required.
  • the UV lamp assembly 5 performs a sterilization operation to provide further purification protection, and can kill microorganisms transmitted through the pores of the water curtain 4013 or its edges to prevent secondary pollution of the air by microorganisms.
  • the flower pot 3011 is further provided with an overflow port higher than the water outlet 30111 of the flower pot, and the ecological purification system further comprises an overflow port connected to the flower pot 3011 so that the water level in the flower pot 3011 is higher than the overflow port.
  • the excess water is introduced into the return pipe assembly of the water tank 303.
  • the control system 2 includes a circuit board 201, a function button 202, and a display screen 203.
  • the function button 202 can be disposed on the housing 1.
  • the related functions such as air volume, etc.
  • Adjustment, wherein display 203 can be used to display relevant functional parameters of the air purifier.
  • the air purifier further includes a monitor coupled to the control system 2 for monitoring air quality, the monitor may include a dust and/or VOCs sensor assembly.
  • the monitor for monitoring the air quality is disposed on the casing 1 and connected to the display screen 203 of the control system, and the display screen 203 can display whether the content of dust and formaldehyde in the air exceeds the standard. Users can know the air quality in order to take relevant Protective measures.
  • the water outlet 30111 of the flower pot is provided with a first filter screen capable of preventing the root of the plant from blocking the water outlet 30111 of the flower pot, and preventing the water outlet from being clogged.
  • control system 2 includes a dump switch capable of automatically cutting off the power when the air purifier is dumped, ensuring safety in use.
  • the flowerpot assembly 301 further includes a flowerpot holder 3012 for supporting the flowerpot 3011, a flowerpot sealing ring 3013 for sealing the flowerpot 3011 and the flowerpot holder 3012, and a flowerpot cover 3014 for closing the flowerpot 3011.
  • Two flower pot holders 3012 can be arranged, one for each of the flower pots, to ensure the firmness.
  • the arrangement of the flower pot sealing ring 3013 can prevent water from splashing out of the flower pot 3011 during the moving process, and can directly inject water into the water tank 303 through the flower pot 3011 after removing the flower pot cover 3014.
  • the structure is simple, compact and easy to operate.
  • the microbial cartridge 302 is detachably connected to the housing 1 or the water tank 303, so that the microbial cartridge 302 can be removed, water is injected into the water tank, and the water tank is cleaned.
  • the structure is simple, compact, and easy to operate.
  • the water tank 303 is provided with a water level sensor connected to the control system 2, and the water level sensor can be connected to the display screen 203, or the water tank 303 is provided with an observation window and a water level line for observing the water volume in the water tank.
  • the air purifier is further provided with a water adding port capable of adding water from the outside, and a second filter net is disposed on the water adding port; the water adding port is directly connected to the water tank 303 through the water pipe assembly, or the water adding port is disposed on the flower pot 3011 through the water adding port
  • the water tank is connected to the water tank 3011, so that the water inlet is connected to the water tank 303, so that water can be added from the outside to the air purifier when necessary.
  • the air purifier can be controlled by the controller to automatically add water, which is easier to use.
  • the flower pot 3011 is a conical flower pot; the flower pot 3011 is located above the air outlet 102, and the purified air from the air outlet 102 can be blown upward toward the bottom and/or outer surface of the flower pot 3011, so that the purified air is hindered from being transformed.
  • the wind direction forms a turbulent flow, which is beneficial to accelerate the air flow, especially when used indoors, which can greatly improve the air purification efficiency.
  • the air outlet 102 is provided with an air outlet cover, and the air outlet cover is provided with a plurality of vents distributed in a dot shape, and the purified air flowing out of the air vents can be blown to the bottom and/or outer surface of the flower pot 3011. Due to the different positions of the vents, the wind direction is different after being blocked, and the airflow in each direction forms a turbulent flow, which accelerates the indoor air flow and improves the air purification efficiency.
  • a universal wheel can be placed at the bottom of the air purifier.
  • the microbial box When used, the microbial box is supplemented with microbial filler, and the hydroponic plant is planted on the flowerpot assembly.
  • the root of the plant extends under the water surface to form a symbiotic relationship with the microorganisms in the water; the fan is turned on to accelerate the air flow, and the large particle dust in the air is The primary filter layer and the secondary filter layer are blocked outside the purifier, and the fine particle dust and VOCs are attached to the water curtain; the water circulation is started, and the water curtain is supplied to the water curtain through the water separator assembly.
  • the microorganisms in the water will water curtain A part of the dust and VOCs attached to the upper part are cleaned, and another part of the dust and VOCs attached thereto are brought into the microbial box, the VOCs are purified in the microbial box, and the dust is purified in the flower pot; when the water permeates the microbial box, the part of the microorganism is taken In the water tank, microorganisms enter the flower pot and symbiosis with the roots of the plants in the water; the microorganisms purify the dust and VOCs as the water circulates between the water curtain, the microbial box, the flower pot and the water tank.
  • the purifier has a simple and compact structure, and the process of purifying air is simple to operate, and can effectively remove indoor dust and VOCs and other toxic and harmful gases, and can supplement indoor humidity and increase the comfort of the living environment.
  • the purifier utilizes high-efficiency microorganisms to treat toxic and harmful gases, is environmentally friendly, scientific and efficient, and the microorganisms used are non-toxic to the human body.
  • water circulation and ultraviolet lamp assemblies are also provided to prevent the formation of microbial aerosols and the escape of microorganisms. Used by the purifier
  • the filter material can be directly cleaned, free of replacement and low maintenance cost.

Abstract

一种空气净化器,包括设有进风口(101)和出风口(102)的壳体(1),具有顺序设置的花盆组件(301)、微生物盒(302)和水箱(303)的生态净化系统,过滤系统(4),以及用于控制的控制系统(2);生态净化系统的水流经过滤系统(4),将过滤系统(4)吸附的粉尘和VOCs带入生态净化系统净化,花盆组件(301)包括花盆(3011),水箱(303)的水经进水口进入花盆(3011),水位高于出水口时,水流经微生物盒(302),再进入水箱(303),构成水循环。该空气净化器结构简单、操作简便,成本低,对空气污染物,尤其是VOCs的净化效率高。

Description

空气净化器 技术领域
本发明涉及空气净化领域,尤其是空气净化器。
背景技术
城市化快速发展导致室内外空气都在一定程度上受到了粉尘、有毒气体污染,加之建筑材料、家具、电器设备等不断向室内释放大量的VOCs(有毒有害的挥发性有机化合物),使得室内空气质量堪忧,直接影响人们的健康、舒适生活。
目前,市场上空气净化器的净化方法主要有化学反应法、物理吸附技术、臭氧负离子技术、纳米光催化技术、低温等离子技术、植物净化和生物降解等,多数空气净化器都需要定期更换内部的设置,导致其维护费昂贵。大部分机械式净化器只能过滤空气中的粉尘,无法有效去除VOCs。一般的,植物空气净化器利用植物的根、茎、叶对空气中VOCs的吸收降解,使空气得以净化,如专利号为ZL201310214831.4的中国专利公开的植物空气净化器及其系统,此类植物空气净化器中,植物体是空气净化的核心系统,植物体本身的空气净化效果有限且不具有针对性,如果不采用其他辅助空气净化的手段,植物空气净化器的净化效果难以达到理想水平。微生物法净化空气的主要是利用分布广泛、代谢旺盛、繁殖快速的微生物群体的同化作用将空气中的VOCs降解,达到净化空气的目的,如申请号为201410607342.X的中国专利公开的除甲醛空气净化器,但是微生物容易死亡需要经常补充,使用麻烦且成本高。
专利号为ZL201420592198.2的中国专利公开了一种室内空气净化器,设置了生物净化层和植物种植位,通过植物根系伸入水箱的水面下,使植物的根系与水中的微生物共生,同时利用了植物和微生物的净化作用,且建立了一个完整的生态系统,保证了植物的生长和微生物的长期存活,高效去除粉尘和VOCs,但是该技术植物的根系伸入水箱的水面下,才能保证植物与微生物的共生,此种结构对水位有一定的限制,水位不能太低,植物根系位于水箱中,根系上带有的泥、折断或脱落的根系在水箱中,会影响水循环,影响净化效果。
发明内容
本发明的目的在于提供一种结构简单、紧凑,操作简便,能够有效去除室内粉尘和VOCs,净化效率高,绿色环保的空气净化器。
本发明通过下述技术方案来实现:
空气净化器,包括壳体,壳体上设有进风口和出风口,空气净化器还包括控制系统,以及与控制系统连接的生态净化系统和过滤系统;生态净化系统的水流经过滤系统,并将过滤系统上吸附的粉尘和VOCs带入生态净化系统中进行净化,其特征在于:所述生态净化系统包括顺序设置的能够种植植物的花盆组件、能够容纳微生物的微生物盒和能够储水的水箱,花盆组件包括花盆,花盆上设有进水口和出水口,生态净化系统中设有如下水循环:水箱中的水经花盆的进水口进入花盆中,花盆中的水位高于花盆的出水口时,水经花盆的出水口,流经微生物盒,再进入水箱。
本发明进一步的改进方案包括:
所述过滤系统包括过滤层,过滤层包括顺序设置于所述进风口和所述出风口之间的初级过滤层、能够吸附粉尘的次过滤层和能够吸附VOCs和粉尘 的水帘,水帘的两端分别与所述花盆的出水口和所述微生物盒导通。
所述生态净化系统还包括设置于所述花盆与所述水帘之间的分水器组件,分水器组件带有至少一个出水口和至少一个进水口,分水器组件的进水口与所述花盆的出水口导通,分水器组件的出水口与水帘导通。
所述微生物盒内设有能够吸附粉尘、VOCs和微生物的填料。
所述水箱底部设有排水口,排水口上可拆卸连接与之配合的封口件。
所述水帘采用吸水材料和/或抗菌材料,优选为吸水材料和/或抗菌材料折叠而成的结构。
所述生态净化系统还包括与所述控制系统连接的水泵,以及与水泵连接的用于将水从水箱引入所述花盆的入水口的吸水管组件。
所述花盆上还设有高于所述花盆的出水口的溢流口,所述生态净化系统还包括与花盆的溢流口连接而能在花盆中的水位高于溢流口时将多余水引入水箱的回流管组件。
所述空气净化器还包括与所述控制系统连接的用于监测空气质量的监测器。
所述控制系统包括电路板、功能按键和显示屏。
所述花盆的出水口上设有能够防止植物根系堵塞该花盆的出水口的第一滤网。
所述控制系统包括能够在空气净化器倾倒时自动切断电源的倾倒开关。
所述过滤系统还包括与所述控制系统连接的风机装置,风机装置包括风轮、能够驱动风轮的电机、将风轮转动引起的风引导至所述出风口的导风管。
所述空气净化器还包括设置于所述风轮和所述出风口之间的紫外灯组 件。
所述花盆组件还包括用于支撑所述花盆的花盆支架、用于密封花盆和花盆支架的花盆密封圈、以及用于盖合花盆的花盆盖。
所述水箱上设有用于密封水箱进而防止所述空气净化器倾倒时水箱中的水溢出的水箱隔板,水箱隔板设置于水箱内部或水箱顶部,并与水箱密封连接。
所述空气净化器上还设有能够从外界加水的加水口,加水口上设置有第二滤网;加水口通过水管组件与所述水箱直接连通,或者加水口设置在所述花盆上,通过加水口与花盆的连通,而使加水口与水箱导通。
所述水箱内设有与所述控制系统连接的水位感应器。
所述花盆为锥形花盆;花盆位于所述出风口的上方,且从所述出风口出来的净化空气能够向上吹向花盆的底部和/或外表面,而使净化空气受阻转变风向形成湍流。
所述出风口上设有出风口盖,出风口盖上设有多个呈点状分布的通风口,且通风口流出的净化空气能够吹向所述花盆的底部和/或外表面,由于通风口位置不同,被阻挡后风向也不相同,各个方向的气流因此形成湍流,加快室内空气流动。
所述微生物包括至少一种能够降解VOCs的微生物。
所述微生物包括假单胞菌、芽孢杆菌、链霉菌、毛霉、曲霉、青霉、根霉和交链孢霉中的一种或多种。
所述微生物为假单胞菌和其它微生物种群的综合体;其它微生物种群可为芽孢杆菌、链霉菌、毛霉、曲霉、青霉、根霉和交链孢霉等。
所述粉尘和/或VOCs感应器组件感应到的数据可以显示在显示屏上;粉尘和/或VOCs感应器组件还可连接报警装置,监测到的数据超过预先设定的 阀值,就进行报警。
本发明的有益效果是:本发明空气净化器结构简单、紧凑,操作简单,花盆组件、微生物盒、水箱顺序设置,能够有效避免植物根系大量存在于水箱中而导致水循环不畅通的问题,能够顺畅的进行水循环,微生物与植物根系共生,一方面建立起完整的生态系统,利于植物健康生长、微生物长期存活,另一方面利用微生物、植物同时对粉尘和VOCs进行高效去除,即主要通过植物和微生物构成的生态净化系统对空气进行净化,能够有效去除粉尘和VOCs,空气净化效率高,绿色环保,在室内使用时,种植植物不仅能够增加室内空气含氧量,吸收VOCs,净化粉尘,利用微生物对VOCs的分解能力,还能高效去除室内粉尘和VOCs,能够在养花的同时,净化空气,节约资源。
附图说明
图1是本发明空气净化器的结构示意图;
图2是图1的A-A剖面图;
其中:1-壳体、101-进风口、102-出风口、2-控制系统、201-电路板、202-功能按键、203-显示屏、301-花盆组件、3011-花盆、30111-花盆的出水口、3012-花盆支架、3013-花盆密封圈、3014-花盆盖、302-微生物盒、303-水箱、3031-封口件、304-分水器组件、306-吸水管组件、4-过滤系统、401-过滤层、4011-初级过滤层、4012-次过滤层、4013-水帘、402-风机装置、4021-风轮、4022-电机、4023-导风管、5-紫外灯组件。
具体实施方式
以下结合附图对本发明空气净化器作进一步描述:
实施例1:
如图1和图2所示,本发明空气净化器,包括壳体1,控制系统2,以及 与控制系统2连接的生态净化系统和过滤系统4,壳体1上设有进风口101和出风口102,生态净化系统的水流经过滤系统4,并将过滤系统4上吸附的粉尘和VOCs带入生态净化系统中进行净化;生态净化系统包括顺序设置的能够种植植物的花盆组件301、能够容纳微生物的微生物盒302和能够储水的水箱303,花盆组件301包括花盆3011,花盆上设有进水口和出水口,生态净化系统中设有如下水循环:水箱303中的水经花盆3011的进水口进入花盆3011中,花盆3011中的水位高于花盆的出水口30111时,水经花盆的出水口30111,流经微生物盒,再进入水箱303。
该空气净化器结构简单、紧凑,花盆组件301、微生物盒302和水箱303的顺序设置,能够有效避免植物根系大量进入水箱而导致水循环通道堵塞,保证了粉尘、VOCs和微生物能够顺利进入水循环,在水循环的带动下,微生物能够进入到花盆中,与植物根系进行共生,粉尘能够进入花盆中,为植物根系所吸收,微生物能够在整个水循环过程中对VOCs进行降解,能够有效去除粉尘和VOCs,净化效率高,花盆上设置进水口和出水口,无需额外增加其它结构,即能保证空气净化器内部的水形成内循环,使用操作简便,可直接通过向花盆浇水的方式,补充水循环所需用水量和微生物,或者通过其它方式向水箱补充水、微生物盒补充微生物,通过水在空气净化器内部的内循环,利用生态系统对空气进行净化,绿色环保。
可设置独立的水箱303,可不额外设置独立的水箱303,花盆3011既当种植植物用的花盆,又当储水用的水箱。
使用时,微生物盒302中的微生物在水循环的带动下,能够流经花盆,与花盆中种植的植物进行共生,空气从壳体1上设有的进风口101进入,经 过过滤系统4时,粉尘和VOCs附着在过滤系统4上,在水循环的作用下,粉尘和VOCs进入生态净化系统,微生物净化VOCs,植物根系吸收粉尘。当然,植物也能吸收部分的VOCs,净化后的空气经出风口102排出空气净化器。
优选过滤系统4包括过滤层401,过滤层401包括顺序设置于进风口101和出风口102之间的初级过滤层4011、能够吸附粉尘的次过滤层4012和能够吸附VOCs和粉尘的水帘4013,水帘4013的两端分别与花盆的出水口30111和微生物盒302导通。初级过滤层4011能够阻挡空气中的动物毛发等大杂质进入空气净化器,防止空气净化器堵塞,次过滤层4012能够阻挡灰尘、花粉等较大颗粒污染物进入空气净化器,水帘4013能够吸附较小尺寸粉尘(如,PM2.5)和VOCs,在三层过滤层的作用下,既能保证空气中的粉尘和VOCs能够顺利进入空气净化器进行净化,又能减少清洁强度防止空气净化器的气流通道和水循环通道堵塞,水帘能够引导花盆的出水口30111流出带出其上的粉尘和VOCs,将带粉尘和VOCs的水导入微生物盒302。优选花盆组件301位于水帘4013上方,微生物盒302位于水帘4013下方,此种结构一方面能够使结构更为紧凑,另一方面,花盆组件301中的花盆3011位于上方,分盆中的水的水位高于花盆的出水口30111时,即能自然流出,在重力的作用下流经水帘4013带走其上的粉尘和VOCs,避免了水流过急,在过滤层401上水流飞溅而导致微生物在过滤层401处进入室内。
优选水帘4013采用吸水材料和/或抗菌材料,如水帘4013采用吸水抗菌微孔材料,吸水材料易于附着粉尘和VOCs,抗菌材料不易附着微生物,使微生物能够快速循环,在水中能与植物共生,增加微生物的存活时间;优选水帘为吸水材料和/或抗菌材料经折叠而成,增大表面积,使其与空气的接触面 积更大,更利于附着粉尘和VOCs,提高净化效率。
优选生态净化系统还包括设置于花盆3011与水帘4013之间的分水器组件304,分水器组件304带有至少一个出水口和至少一个进水口,分水器组件304的进水口与花盆的出水口30111导通,分水器组件304的出水口与水帘4013导通;此分水器组件304的设置,能够引导水循环通路,使花盆中流出的水均匀经过水帘,有效将水帘上附着的粉尘和VOCs带入微生物盒302。
优选微生物盒302内设有能够吸附粉尘、VOCs和微生物的填料,使用时在其中添加微生物即可,添加的微生物包括至少一种能够降解VOCs的微生物,如微生物为假单胞菌和其它微生物种群的综合体;其它微生物种群可为芽孢杆菌、链霉菌、毛霉、曲霉、青霉、根霉和交链孢霉等。填料的添加有利于微生物、粉尘和VOCs的吸附,微生物能够在此更多的将粉尘分解,将VOCs降解。微生物盒302内的微生物还可固定在填料中,这样可保持微生物盒302内具有一定数量的微生物,净化过程主要发生在微生物盒302,另外还有逃逸的小部分微生物,会随水循环而循环,在水帘、水箱、花盆中对空气进行净化;微生物的固定可采用包埋法,利用海藻酸钠、氯化钙形成微孔凝胶,污染物通过微孔进入凝胶内部,被微生物净化。
优选水箱303底部设有排水口,排水口上可拆卸连接与之配合的封口件3031,以便需要时,方便的将水箱303中的水排出。
优选水箱303上设有用于密封水箱进而防止空气净化器倾倒时水箱303中的水溢出的水箱隔板,水箱隔板设置于水箱303内部或水箱303顶部,并与水箱303密封连接,此种结构能够防止加水或水循环的过程中水贱到控制器、风机等用电设备上,防止内部结构锈蚀,还能够防止空气净化器倾倒时 水箱303中的水溢出,保护空气净化器内部结构,保证使用安全。
优选生态净化系统还包括与控制系统2连接的水泵,以及与水泵连接的用于将水从水箱303引入花盆3011的入水口的吸水管组件306,此种结构,水箱303中的水能够在水泵的作用下,通过吸水管组件306进入花盆组件301,水经花盆组件301再经微生物盒302回到水箱,如此在空气净化器内,构成水的内循环,能够节约用水,而且微生物盒302中的微生物可通过水循环流动,空气净化过程能够在花盆组件301、微生物盒302、水箱303和水帘4013(如果有设置水帘4013的结构)中进行,净化过程为:水帘4013截留空气中的粉尘和VOCs,在水的作用下,粉尘和VOCs进入微生物盒302,粉尘吸附在生物净化层301,VOCs在微生物盒302内净化,粉尘通过水循环进入花盆组301件被植物根部吸收利用,另外水循环过程中,花盆组件301、水帘4013和水箱303中的微生物都能净化一部分VOCs。
优选过滤系统4还包括与控制系统2连接的风机装置402,风机装置402包括风轮4021、能够驱动风轮4021的电机4022、将风轮转动引起的风引导至出风口102的导风管4023,可加速空气流动,提高净化效率。水帘4013折叠式设计,气流通过时需曲绕式穿流,大大增加了污染空气与水分的接触和交换面积。同时,由于风机装置的作用,空气在穿过后水帘后压力骤减,在水帘前后形成压力差,使水分子在水帘的折叠层中迅速蒸发形成气雾团,污染物被气雾团包裹,当分水器水流通过水帘时,被水流带入微生物盒302,甲醛、苯系物等有机污染物被微生物分解成二氧化碳和水,二氧化碳进入空气后能被植物叶片吸收进行光合作用转变成氧气,而粉尘/颗粒物(PM2.5)中的硝酸盐、硫酸盐、铵盐、钠盐等则通过水循环系统进入花盆中,被植物根 部吸收利用。
优选空气净化器还包括设置于风轮4021和出风口102之间的紫外灯组件5,能够产生紫外线灭菌微生物。优选紫外灯设置在与风轮的进风口相对的位置上,其中风轮4021可为涡轮抽风机,因涡轮风机的进风口比较小,这样一方面能集中紫外光的作用,不需要太大面积照射,另也不需要太强功率,同时,为了防止产生臭氧,优选使用只发出254nm波长光线的紫外灯,为防止紫外线泄露,在灯管外设置防护罩,不会对人体造成危害。紫外灯组件5进行灭菌操作,提供更进一步的净化保障,可以杀灭从水帘4013或其边沿的孔隙透过的微生物,防止微生物对空气造成二次污染。
优选花盆3011上还设有高于花盆的出水口30111的溢流口,生态净化系统还包括与花盆3011的溢流口连接而能在花盆3011中的水位高于溢流口时将多余水引入水箱303的回流管组件,当直接向花盆3011加水时,水过多时,可以直接通过溢流口,经回流管组件进入水箱,以免水量过多,从花盆3011中漫入室内。
优选控制系统2包括电路板201、功能按键202和显示屏203,其中功能按键202可设置在壳体1上,使用时只需操作功能按键202,即可对相关功能(如,风量等)进行调整,其中显示屏203可用于显示空气净化器的相关功能参数。
优选空气净化器还包括与控制系统2连接的用于监测空气质量的监测器,监测器可包括粉尘和/或VOCs感应器组件。优选用于监测空气质量的监测器设置于壳体1上,且与控制系统的显示屏203相连,显示屏203上能够显示空气中粉尘和甲醛等含量是否超标。用户能够知悉空气质量,以便采取相关 防护措施。
优选花盆的出水口30111上设有能够防止植物根系堵塞该花盆的出水口30111的第一滤网,防止出水口堵塞。
优选控制系统2包括能够在空气净化器倾倒时自动切断电源的倾倒开关,保证使用安全性。
优选花盆组件301还包括用于支撑花盆3011的花盆支架3012、用于密封花盆3011和花盆支架3012的花盆密封圈3013、以及用于盖合花盆3011的花盆盖3014。可设置两个花盆支架3012,对应花盆前后各一个,保证牢固性。花盆密封圈3013的设置,能够防止移动过程中水溅出花盆3011,取下花盆盖3014后能够直接通过花盆3011向水箱303内注水,结构简单,紧凑,便于操作。
优选微生物盒302与壳体1或水箱303可拆卸连接,便于取下微生物盒302,向水箱中注水以及清洁水箱,结构简单,紧凑,便于操作。
优选水箱303内设有与控制系统2连接的水位感应器,水位感应器可与显示屏203连接,或水箱303上设有观察窗口和水位线,便于观察水箱内的水量。
优选空气净化器上还设有能够从外界加水的加水口,加水口上设置有第二滤网;加水口通过水管组件与水箱303直接连通,或者加水口设置在花盆3011上,通过加水口与花盆3011的连通,而使加水口与水箱303导通,便于需要时从外界加水到空气净化器中。当在水箱中设有水位感应器,加水口与自来水龙头连接时,则可通过控制器,控制空气净化器进行自动加水,使用更简便。
优选花盆3011为锥形花盆;花盆3011位于出风口102的上方,且从出风口102出来的净化空气能够向上吹向花盆3011的底部和/或外表面,而使净化空气受阻转变风向形成湍流,有利于加速空气流动,尤其是室内使用时,能够大幅提升空气净化效率。
优选出风口102上设有出风口盖,出风口盖上设有多个呈点状分布的通风口,且通风口流出的净化空气能够吹向花盆3011的底部和/或外表面。由于通风口位置不同,被阻挡后风向也不相同,各个方向的气流因此形成湍流,加快室内空气流动,提升空气净化效率。
为了方便移动,可以在空气净化器的底部设置万向轮。
使用时,向微生物盒补充微生物填料,在花盆组件上种植水培植物,植物的根伸入水面下,与水中的微生物形成共生关系;开启风机,加速空气流动,空气中的大粒子粉尘被初级过滤层、次级过滤层阻挡在净化器外,细粒子粉尘和VOCs附着在水帘上;开始水循环,通过分水器组件向水帘给水,水流经水帘时,水中的微生物将水帘上附着的一部分粉尘和VOCs净化,将其上附着的另一部分粉尘和VOCs带入微生物盒,VOCs在微生物盒内净化,粉尘在花盆内净化;水渗过微生物盒时,将部份微生物带入水箱中,微生物进入花盆,在水中与植物的根部共生;微生物随水循环在水帘、微生物盒、花盆和水箱之间循环时均对粉尘和VOCs进行净化。
该净化器结构简单、紧凑,使用其净化空气的过程操作简单,能够高效去除室内粉尘和VOCs和其它的一些有毒有害气体,并能补充室内湿度,增加居住环境的舒适度。该净化器利用高效微生物来处理有毒有害气体,环保、科学、高效,所采用微生物对人体无毒害作用,同时,还设置了水循环和紫外灯组件,防止微生物气溶胶的形成和微生物的逃逸。该净化器所使用的过 滤材料可直接清洗,免于更换,维护成本低。

Claims (15)

  1. 空气净化器,包括壳体(1),壳体(1)上设有进风口(101)和出风口(102),空气净化器还包括控制系统(2),以及与控制系统(2)连接的生态净化系统和过滤系统(4);生态净化系统的水流经过滤系统(4),并将过滤系统(4)上吸附的粉尘和VOCs带入生态净化系统中进行净化,其特征在于:所述生态净化系统包括顺序设置的能够种植植物的花盆组件(301)、能够容纳微生物的微生物盒(302)和能够储水的水箱(303),花盆组件(301)包括花盆(3011),花盆上设有进水口和出水口,生态净化系统中设有如下水循环:水箱(303)中的水经花盆(3011)的进水口进入花盆(3011)中,花盆(3011)中的水位高于花盆的出水口(30111)时,水经花盆的出水口(30111),流经微生物盒,再进入水箱(303)。
  2. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述过滤系统(4)包括过滤层(401),过滤层(401)包括顺序设置于所述进风口(101)和所述出风口(102)之间的初级过滤层(4011)、能够吸附粉尘的次过滤层(4012)和能够吸附VOCs和粉尘的水帘(4013),水帘(4013)的两端分别与所述花盆的出水口(30111)和所述微生物盒(302)导通。
  3. 根据权利要求2所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述生态净化系统还包括设置于所述花盆(3011)与所述水帘(4013)之间的分水器组件(304),分水器组件(304)带有至少一个出水口和至少一个进水口,分水器组件(304)的进水口与所述花盆的出水口(30111)导通,分水器组件(304)的出水口与水帘(4013)导通。
  4. 根据权利要求3所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述微生物盒(302)内设有能够吸附粉尘、VOCs和微生物的填料;所述水箱(303)底部设有排 水口,排水口上可拆卸连接与之配合的封口件(3031);所述水帘(4013)采用吸水材料和/或抗菌材料折叠而成;所述生态净化系统还包括与所述控制系统(2)连接的水泵,以及与水泵连接的用于将水从水箱(303)引入所述花盆(3011)的入水口的吸水管组件(306)。
  5. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述花盆(3011)上还设有高于所述花盆的出水口(30111)的溢流口,所述生态净化系统还包括与花盆(3011)的溢流口连接而能在花盆(3011)中的水位高于溢流口时将多余水引入水箱(303)的回流管组件。
  6. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述空气净化器还包括与所述控制系统(2)连接用于监测空气质量的监测器。
  7. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述控制系统(2)包括电路板(201)、功能按键(202)和显示屏(203)。
  8. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述花盆的出水口(30111)上设有能够防止植物根系堵塞该花盆的出水口(30111)的第一滤网。
  9. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述控制系统(2)包括能够在空气净化器倾倒时自动切断电源的倾倒开关。
  10. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述过滤系统(4)还包括与所述控制系统(2)连接的风机装置(402),风机装置(402)包括风轮(4021)、能够驱动风轮(4021)的电机(4022)、将风轮转动引起的风引导至所述出风口(102)的导风管(4023)。
  11. 根据权利要求10所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述空气净化器还包括设置于所述风轮(4021)和所述出风口(102)之间的紫外灯组件(5)。
  12. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述花盆组件(301)还包括用于支撑所述花盆(3011)的花盆支架(3012)、用于密封花盆(3011)和花盆支架(3012)的花盆密封圈(3013)、以及用于盖合花盆(3011)的花盆盖(3014);所述水箱(303)上设有用于密封水箱进而防止所述空气净化器倾倒时水箱(303)中的水溢出的水箱隔板(),水箱隔板设置于水箱(303)内部或水箱(303)顶部,并与水箱(303)密封连接。
  13. 根据权利要求1所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述空气净化器上还设有能够从外界加水的加水口,加水口上设置有第二滤网;加水口通过水管组件与所述水箱(303)直接连通,或者加水口设置在所述花盆(3011)上,通过加水口与花盆(3011)的连通,而使加水口与水箱(303)导通;水箱(303)内设有与所述控制系统(2)连接的水位感应器。
  14. 根据权利要求1至13中任一权利要求所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述花盆(3011)为锥形花盆;花盆(3011)位于所述出风口(102)的上方,且从所述出风口(102)出来的净化空气能够向上吹向花盆(3011)的底部和/或外表面,而使净化空气受阻转变风向形成湍流。
  15. 根据权利要求1至13中任一权利要求所述的空气净化器,其特征在于:所述出风口(102)上设有出风口盖,出风口盖上设有多个呈点状分布的通风口,且通风口流出的净化空气能够吹向所述花盆(3011)的底部和/或外表面。
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